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ospel Messenger 


Vol. 82 

Elgin, III., January 7, 1933 

No. 1 

First Church, Philadelphia, situated at the corner of Dauphin and Car- 
lisle Streets. See page 12 for another chapter in Bro. Roland L. Howe's se- 
ries of articles dealing with this historic city church. Readers who read Bro. 
William I. Book's article in the Messenger for Dec. 24 will recall that First 
Church recently celebrated the tenth anniversary of the pastorate of Bro. Ross 
D. Murphy. 


Editorial — 

Questioners Will Please Note (E. F.) 3 

Government by Protest (H. A. B.) 3 

The Spirit of God in Everyday Life (H. A. B.), 3 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.), 17 

General Forunt— 

Two Stars (Poem). By Arlo Gump, 5 

Moral Relativity. By Harold E. Pletcher, S 

In Times of Depression Prepare for Prosperity. By C. H. Sham- 

berger [ 6 

One Man's Influence. By Maud Mohler Trimmer 6 

"True Happiness." By Bert M. Lewis 7 

The Cross of Jesus Christ.— No. S. By J. I. Kaylor, 8 

Meeting of the Board of Christian Education. By Rufus D. Bow- 
man, 9 

"The King's Highway." By Wm. Kinsey, 10 

Why So Many Nonchurchgoers? By J. F. Graybill, 11 


Physical Activities Here and There. By Roland L. Howe, 12 

A New Year's Resolution (Poem). By Esther Van Dyke, 20 

Christianity and Wealth. By D. C. Reber 21 

Why Every Sensible Man Should Be a Christian. By Elizabeth H. 
Brubaker, 24 

Missions — 

Editorial 13 

Tu Jung Nge, the Cave Girl. By Minerva Metzger, 14 

"Neither Do I Condemn Thee," 15 

Pastor amd People — 

The City Hospital — An Opportunity. By D. Howard Keiper, 18 

"Preaching Out of a Hole."— No. 3. By Chas. E. Zunkel, 18 

Jobs for Ministers. By Fred E. Maxey, 19 

Home and Family- 
Night Thoughts (Poem). By Alice Ridgway 22 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime. — No. 2. By Florence S. 

Studebaker 22 

Women's Nook. By Nora M. Rhodes 23 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


Messengers folded, pasted and trimmed — all on one 
trip through the machine shown in the picture below ! 
But really it is not as simple as it seems. On in- 
vestigation we found that the folding-pasting-trim- 
ming operation is just another hard job that looks 
easy. Now let us see something of what is involved. 

Each Messenger is printed on one large sheet of 
paper, 35x48 inches to be exact. Now as Messengers 
come from the pressroom to the bindery they are 
but a stack of these large sheets, each printed on 
both sides. What is wanted is to get these folded, 
pasted and trimmed, or each sheet in the form of a 
completed Messenger. The exact order of the oper- 
ations mentioned is hard to state for the reason that 
folding, pasting and trimming is in a sense a simul- 
taneous and complicated operation too fast for the 
eye to follow in detail. 

The picture shows a rear view of the machine used 
for both the Messenger and Our Young People. 
When the picture was taken the operator had just 
removed a bunch of finished papers to even and 
pile on the truck to his right. So the folding-past- 
ing-trimming operation really began at the end of 
the machine not shown. If one could step to this 
end of the machine he would see unfolded papers 
stacked on an adjustable table or carrier. Automatic 
feeders start the sheets through the folder. The 
adjustment of these is so delicate 
that if two sheets should start 
through the machine the feeding 
mechanism is tripped and stopped. 

Now as one steps to the side of 
the folder he sees sheet after sheet 
being flipped through at the rate 
of 2,000 papers per hour. In the 
case of the Messenger, four folds 
are required. Paste is applied as 
the first three folds are made and 
trimming takes place as the last 
two folds are made. But as we 
have said, the operations are not 
only simultaneous, but take place 
at such a speed that the untrained 
eye can scarcely follow what is 
being done. What can be plainly 

seen is that flat sheets go in at one end of the folder 
and finished papers drop out at the other end of the 

Perhaps this is a good time to say something about 
the pasting job. At first this gave our operators 
some difficulty. There was complaint that Mes- 
sengers fell to pieces when opened. We admit there 
were grounds for these complaints, but consider 
what the operator of the folder was up against. 
The paste in the case of the Messenger is applied 
from four paste cups. Now anyone who has had 
experience knows that paste is a temperamental 
substance. For a little too much tended to stick the 
whole paper together; if the paste was the least bit 
too dry the paper fell apart ! So in any case, getting 
the paste to just the right consistency is not as simply 
done as it might seem. But our operators have 
learned much by experience and are now doing a 
very satisfactory job. 

As mentioned above the trimming is done on the 
third and fourth foldings. The trimming mechanism 
is nothing more than a sharp edged wheel running 
against a collar in such a position that the uncut 
edges of the paper are sheared off. The next time 
when you open a Messenger, and it works like it 
ought, please remember that such seeming simple 
matters represent a hard job well done. 



H. A. BRANDT— Assistant Editor 

Vol. 82 

Elgin, 111., January 7, 1933 

No. 1 


Questioners Will Please Note 

Right when I am the busiest somebody comes with 
a hard question. He wants to know my philosophy of 
life. What does he mean? Is it my guess at the riddle 
of existence that he is after? My creed, possibly? Per- 
haps it is my idea of " ultimate reality " that he wants ? 
Or my notion of the secret of happiness? Or what I 
think about the origin and destiny of the human race? 
Or the presuppositions which lie back of my moral 
code ? Or how I would answer the old question about 
the chief end of man? 

But there is something that bothers me worse than 
my uncertainty as to the purpose of my questioner. 
Why must I stop in the midst of my work to formulate 
my philosophy? That's quite a job. And there are so 
many folks asking for help, in one way or another. 
Why can't I just go on attending to my business ? Why 
can't I go right on living and loving, the same as if I 
had never heard of this mysterious thing? I believe I 
will, for the present anyway. e. f. 

Government by Protest 

The spirit of individualism has gone to seed in 
American life. The latest manifestation is the or- 
ganized clamor of groups. Most every group is now 
not only vocal, but protesting this or that and even 
frankly organized to force special deals. 

Perhaps the situation is not worse than it has always 
been, but it is certainly worse than it ought to be. The 
result is that legislators now feel they must use their 
ears more than their brains. The most successful 
amongst them are those who have their ears to the 
ground and sensitive to the latest protest or request of 
sizable voting blocks. That is, government is now not 
so much a matter of true statesmanship, as it is the 
shrewd handling of the noisiest constituents. 

Thus petty interests are being balanced against each 

other until the good of all is forgotten in the scramble 
for selfish advantage. There is a place for protest in 
government, but it should not be inconsistent with the 
larger good. It is still true that a house divided against 
itself can not be expected to stand. h. a. b. 

The Spirit of God in Everyday Life 

Seventh in a Series on New Testament Preaching 

After the events of Passion Week and the experi- 
ences of the Forty Days it was not strange that the 
faithful followers of Christ were all expectation the 
morning of the day when Pentecost was fully come. If 
devout Jews from every nation under heaven had cause 
to be in Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Weeks, how 
much more the disciples awaiting a special gift of 
power ! One may well imagine that Pentecost began as 
a day electric with tremendous possibilities. 

So the one hundred and twenty were all together in 
one place. Whether they were in the upper room, or 
in some chamber at the temple is not clear. Subse- 
quent events suggest the latter as more probable. But 
wherever it was, they were together and expectant, 
when " Suddenly there came from heaven a sound as of 
the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house 
where they were sitting. . . . And they were all 
filled with the Holy Spirit." 

Now the effects of this visitation were such that the 
vast feast day crowds in Jerusalem were soon aware 
that something unusual had happened. Devout Jews 
from every nation were amazed, perplexed, as they 
heard certain Galileans speak so they could understand. 

But the common amazement was soon challenged and 
dampened by some who mocked, who declared that the 
disciples were but babblers suffering from too much 
new wine! The jeers of these mockers proved a dev- 
astating weapon with the mob. In a twinkling honest 
amazement was at the point of being turned to scorn. 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, General Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, III., as Second-class Matter. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

Clearly something would have to be done or thousands 
of devout Jews would carry home a strange story about 
babblers, when they ought to take something about the 
Christ. The disciples heard the rising chorus of jeers 
and saw a subtle change coming over the crowd. Who 
could save the day ? 

Now Peter and the apostles stood up. Their move 
attracted attention. And what was equally significant, 
it was as good as a refutation of the charge of drunken- 

Those drunken with new wine do not have such wit 
and self-control. Twelve drunk men could not stand 
and face jeers as did these Galileans. Those who 
mocked were now refuted by a simple demonstration all 
could understand. 

A perplexing question began to take form in the 
minds of many devout Jews in the feast day crowd. If 
it was not drunkenness, then what was it that made the 
Galileans speak as endowed by some new power? 

As the crowd marveled and waited one of the disci- 
ples signaled that he wished to speak. A few may have 
recognized him as Peter, the Galilean fisherman who 
had long followed the Nazarene, but most saw him as 
some unknown transformed by the Spirit on Pentecost. 
They saw him as a fearless, rugged rock of defense. 
They heard him speak out, not timidly, but in tones of 
power and conviction. And what was he saying ? 

" These are not drunken, as ye suppose ; seeing it is 
but the third hour of the day." 

Truly this daring Galilean was not minded to mince 
words. But could he manage the crowd ? Secretly ad- 
miring his mob-defying spirit, the multitude saw him 
stand and refute the charge of drunkenness by his own 
presence of mind, and heard him declare the mockers' 
insinuations preposterous, since men do not get hilari- 
ously drunk before a day is well spent. 

So the remarkable utterances the crowd had so lately 
heard were not the ravings of winebibbers. But what 
were they ? 

The fearless Galilean continued : " This is that which 
hath been spoken by the prophet Joel. ... I will 
pour forth of my spirit on all flesh." And continuing, 
the speaker gave the prophet's striking statement con- 
cerning the operation of God's Spirit in everyday life. 
Nor was this all. Even as he was speaking, devout 
Jews, no matter from what far land under heaven, 
could see that Peter was in reality a most convincing 
demonstration of how the Spirit could work in every- 
day life. Surely something more than human had 
stirred this humble Galilean to rise to the occasion with 
sober, incontrovertible reasoning. 

Nor was this courageous Galilean minded to give his 
accusers any quarter. " Ye men of Israel, . . . 
Jesus of Nazareth, . . . as ye yourselves know, 

. . . ye by the hand of lawless men did crucify. 

What was this? Devout Jews from everywhere be- 
gan to understand that a crime had been done. A man 
approved of God had been crucified and slain. No, not 
just a man, for the speaker insisted that this Jesus had 
been raised from the dead, even as David had foretold. 
" This Jesus did God raise up, whereof we all are wit- 

Men were beginning to look at each other, wondering 
what the fearless Galilean would next bring down upon 
them. They heard him say : " Being therefore by the 
right hand of God exalted, and having received of the 
Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he hath poured 
forth this which ye see and hear. . . . God hath 
made him Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom ye cruci- 

The feast day crowd was now stunned, convicted. 
Many of them recalled how they cried out for the blood 
of the Nazarene — a deserted teacher. Or so they had 
thought, until the events of Pentecost morning proved 
that they had done far worse than human murder. 

" Brethren, what shall we do ?" 

Thousands of conscience smitten men now discovered 
themselves in a terrible dilemma. " Lord and Christ — 
whom ye crucified !" This condemning refrain beat 
through their brains. 

" Men and brethren, what shall we do ?" 

Contrite men now found some comfort and hope in 
that so many were involved, in that these Galileans were 
of their own blood. Where were the mockers now? 
Convicted and pleading for some light on how to save 
themselves ! 

They looked to Peter, that stocky and fearless Gali- 
lean, who when Spirit-filled, had become the rock upon 
which their hard hearts were broken. What would this 
servant of the Spirit, this exponent of heaven sent dy- 
namic in everyday life, have to say ? 

" Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the 
name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins ; 
and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spir- 
it. . . . They then having received his word were 
baptized : and there were added unto them in that day 
about three thousand souls." 

So runs the story of Pentecost and the sermon that was 
delivered that day. But what can present day preachers 
learn from that dramatic occasion? Certainly some- 
thing of the power of the Spirit in everyday life. There 
was what the prophet said, that it should be the inherit- 
ance of all flesh. And on Pentecost there was what it 
did to Peter, changing the cringing follower of the 
night of the arrest into a mob defying champion of the 
risen Christ. And there was what it did in the hearts 
of men. Three thousand were so convicted of sin that 
they cried out for light and accepted the better way. 

H. A. B. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


Two Stars 


Two stars in an evening sky, 
One low, one high, 

Each with its infinite glass 

Watching the years that pass. 

A soul looking up to the sky 
Wondering whither and why; 

Knowing which of the three 
Lives for eternity. 

Churubusco, lnd. 

Moral Relativity 


Might it be possible that there is a law of relativity 
applying to ethical codes as well as the physical world ? 
Just as an intricate relation of time and space in the 
field of science points toward a path of more perfect 
realization of truth, so may a more accurate relation of 
the factors in our moral code be compiled for humani- 
ty's good. 

Perhaps the coming age of social reform (the trend 
and needs of the times point to such an era) is merely 
waiting the application of this law, which we might call 
the Law of Moral Relativity. At least it would not be 
out of place to briefly contemplate the possible assump- 
tions leading to such a law. 

As far as original evidences of this law are con- 
cerned, we might possibly trace back into human de- 
velopment and find clues indicating definite ideas of re- 
lation laws in ethics. In order to avoid conflicting in- 
terpretations, however, let us avoid the distant past. 
Obviously the relationship for which we are searching 
can not be compiled in mathematical symbols alone and, 
therefore, would necessarily be a variable condition 
which must become definite only in cases where am- 
biguities in interpretating the case are excluded. 

To be more specific as to the nature of such a law let 
us consider the words of Christ to the disciples concern- 
ing the widow's mite. According to Mark 12 : 43-44, 
Jesus points out the relation of giving in the case of the 
widow and the rest of the givers. It is to be noticed 
that, externally, the act of offering was certainly great- 
er in the case of the wealthy contributors. However, 
emphasis is laid on the fact that external giving is one 
factor, but not the only factor. In a similar way we 
must remember that, from a humanistic point of view, 
judging moral relationships is a delicate task. So often 
hidden factors are present. Many times our stern dis- 
approvals of the misdeeds of others would disappear if 
we knew intimately all the factors leading to the act of 

disapproval. Let us not jump to the conclusion on this 
basis, however, that these unknown factors really would 
allow a laxity in our moral relation. On the other hand 
the realization of the existence of such factors should 
lead us to live lives of higher standards. 

For example, tales of heathenish worship, in which 
the sacrifice of lives plays a high part, still fill us with 
horror, even though we know that ignorance is the seat 
of the trouble. Truly the practice is wrong, but those 
who take part in it are sincere in their belief that it is 
right. In the eyes of an all-seeing God, are these heath- 
en any worse than a so-called Christian who through a 
process of rationalization reserves some secret, petty sin 
for himself? In other words, isn't there a factor of 
moral responsibility entering in at this point? 

Therefore, we can not say dogmatically that when a 
down-trodden inhabitant of the slums, commits a mur- 
der, it is a crime of more serious nature than a so-called 
" harmless " participation in some secret indulgence by 
one who knows it has the mark of moral disapproval. 
Perhaps the murder was committed while the murderer 
was under the influence of some drug. Maybe the ad- 
dict took to drugs with less knowledge of his wrong 
than the secret participant of the petty sin. It is to be 
noticed that both commit sins, but when the moral re- 
sponsibility factors enter the case we can't say one sin 
is worse than the other. 

After all, this idea of moral responsibility has been 
common to our thinking in connection with acts of 
innocent children. We know that occasionally they do 
commit acts which, if premeditatedly committed by 
some one who knew the consequences, would be con- 
sidered a crime. Relatively we overlook their deeds. 

This same rule, which can not safely be worded in 
general terms, will be useful only when individuals can 
thoughtfully apply it to specific cases. As to the appli- 
cation of this rule, we can't go into great detail, for one 
can't apply the law of relation to the unknown acts of 
another. Really this law must deal mainly with the 
many unchristian acts that never reach the newspaper 
type, for relatively most secret sins are of the same or- 
der of newspaper scandal. 

The rabid crimes heralded by newspapers are, obvi- 
ously, wrong, for they tread under foot individual 
rights, moral codes, and Christian ethics. We know 
their consequences. Rather, in the new era of individual 
social responsibility, we must guard against our own in- 
dividual acts which, when all factors are considered, are 

Petty intolerances still exist in religious interpreta- 
tions, in racial relations, and in our relation to the poor 
and fallen. Maybe our conscience hurts us a little for 
not cordially inviting the street-cleaner's children to our 
church functions, but we rationalize that they are too 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

dirty and anyhow they wouldn't come. Apply our law 
and we realize that, all factors entered in, we should 
consider the snubbing of one of them the same as snub- 
bing any other soul, for really poverty and poor dress 
are not factors which deny the possessor a soul. 

Let us then hesitate in our self-justifications and in 
our condemnation of others. Are we including every- 
thing in our reasoning or have we carefully adjusted 
our conscience to our desire ? 

Syracuse, New York. 

In Times of Depression Prepare for Prosperity 


About every so often in America there is a panic, a 
depression, or the same thing called by a different 
name. The length of time over which it extends varies, 
but it is of shorter duration than the more prosperous 
times. Taking a long look over American history we 
are more prosperous than otherwise and every genera- 
tion comes to believe that business cycles are things of 
the past and that permanent prosperity has at last ar- 
rived. It was that way in 1929. If people had known 
that things were going to crash they would have pre- 
pared for the lean years that were ahead. 

But history teaches that depression is followed by 
prosperity and we can well suppose that as we emerge 
from the present situation we will again see prosperous 
conditions. It is a strange commentary upon our think- 
ing that we need have little concern about ourselves and 
our brothers when everything is booming but that we 
are greatly disturbed when there is a depression. 

At the moment there is no end of repentance for the 
sins of 1928 and 1929. It makes little difference wheth- 
er we took our fling in the stock market, the subdivi- 
sion, the 120 acres adjoining ours, or just spent every- 
thing we made in more or less riotous living. We are 
sorry for ourselves and all other people who lost 
money. We confess the sins of everybody in general. 
We do not say what our neighbors will do when things 
swing back, but as for us we have learned our lesson ! 

Much of our repentance is apt to be temporary. It 
can easily have elements in common with that of the 
man who thinks he is about to die and who has never 
affiliated with the church. He repents and is baptized 
but when he recovers he readily falls back into his old 
ways. Looking back now we see why we should not 
have invested our money in speculative ventures or 
spent it for things that did not abide. 

The reason the repentance is in danger of being 
temporary lies in the basic urges which caused us to do 
as we did, and as we are apt to do again when we have 
the money to do it with. Two of those urges are, first, 
to put our money where there are chances for signifi- 
cant increase in capital ; and second, to have the same 

things which other people have whose incomes are com- 
parable to ours or even a bit more. 

It is easy when we are on the edge of poverty, or in 
that general community, to vow that when we have 
money again none of it will go into anything specu- 
lative. And when the Joneses aren't buying anything 
and we haven't money to buy anything we can wax elo- 
quent about the futility of things. It is a much harder 
thing to turn down an inside opportunity to double our 
money or to ride in the 1930 model car when our neigh- 
bor buys the new 1933 model. 

People are rare who refuse to place their money 
where it will double or more when they have opportuni- 
ty to do so. Churchmen usually insist that the process 
be legal but it is often surprising how resourceful they 
are in legalizing the procedure which results in the 
gain. In 1929 it was frequently amusing to listen to 
the ingenious reasoning set forth by many churchmen re- 
garding their " investment " in the stock market. Non- 
churchmen plunged into the market without any qualms 
of conscience, but most of the churchmen had grown up 
on the doctrine that anyone who had anything to do 
with the stock market was a gambler. I use the stock 
market as a convenient financial scape goat and because 
it did not happen to be the way I tried to get rich. 
There have not been many speculative ventures in 
America that have not taken heavy toll of the money of 
churchmen who were eager to greatly increase their 
wealth. If the desire to do that thing still continues 
with us we have not yet learned much from the depres- 
sion and are not yet fitted to go into a period of pros- 

Much the same thing is true about our tendency 
toward " conspicuous expenditure." We have wanted 
bigger houses with finer furnishings not because they 
enrich life but because they indicate our financial and 
social standing in the community. If we say that we 
have learned our lesson about such things but down in 
our hearts are planning for them " when things get 
back to normal " we are not yet ready to go into a time 
of prosperity. 

There is a genuine need for a new sensitiveness in 
the Christian conscience about how money is made and 
spent. Nothing short of deep and abiding convictions 
along those lines will spare us from a repetition of our 
former sins when prosperity is again with us. 

Elgin, III. 

■ «» ■ 

One Man's Influence 


Two hundred years ago a group of Swiss refugees 
set sail from Scotland to America in the hope of find- 
ing religious freedom. They were not of the noble or 
aristocratic classes, although some were highly edu- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

cated. There was nothing to distinguish them from 
other middle class German Swiss except that they were 
bold and adventurous enough to break home ties and 
leave the advantages of an old civilization to come to a 
land of savages, pestilence and famine in order to build 
a newer, finer civilization. 

Among them were a preacher, his wife and three sons 
who joined the Brethren colony at Ephrata. So far as 
I know there was nothing outstanding about this 
preacher and it is more than probable that he knew lit- 
tle of the social niceties so much a part of the life of 
his descendants. He was one of a group of honest, de- 
vout men, who have helped make America what it is at 
its best. He was typical of the forebears of the Breth- 
ren people and that is why he is of interest now. 

His descendants now number in the thousands and 
there are eight generations of them. It would seem 
that when it came to his descendants of the eighth gen- 
eration from different sons, the original blood would 
be so thin that there could be no likeness between them, 
but such is not the case. There is a facial peculiarity 
that is characteristic of the clan, also good, keen minds 
and a strong predilection for religious work. In one 
family of the seventh generation there were seven sons. 
One died in early manhood, but of the six, five were 
preachers and the sixth a Sunday-school worker. 

The members of the family have been leaders in their 
communities. So far as I know, there are but about a 
half dozen who have had any claim at all to national 
prominence. Most of them lived quiet Christian lives 
and were men of influence in small places. But as they 
were mostly preachers and educators, it is difficult to 
estimate how far-reaching their influence may have 
been in the life of the nation. 

And all came from one good man and his good wife, 
which leads us to wonder just how far-reaching one 
godly life can be. Thousands of descendants bear the 
family characteristics. Other tens of thousands are in- 
fluenced by them. In this way immortality on earth has 
been won. There is no telling how many others will be 
swayed by these descendants. If the family character- 
istics hold good, and the family remains coherent as it is 
now, there is no doubt that the acts of that one good 
man may affect millions. If the descendants remain 
godly, their powers should increase so that the family 
achievements should be better in quality as well as 
greater in quantity. 

But the interesting thing is that this is not the only 
family with this experience. Other families have simi- 
lar history. All of us can name families that have re- 
mained true for seven or eight generations to the prin- 
ciples of the Ephrata group, that have increased and 
have yielded men of note to the nation and church. 

There is a tendency of the descendants of Brethren 

families to intermarry, a well worth-while custom and 
long may it continue. When two strong families unite 
what about the offspring? When it has happened, the 
children are superior. 

Do you see the possibilities for us? Each of us is 
trying to live a life as close to Jesus as possible. We 
are rearing our children in the fear of the Lord and the 
ideals we plant into them will be passed on from gen- 
eration to generation. Our Brethren people are closely 
related by blood and if we continue to be we may raise 
a nation within a nation of Christians that may leaven 
the whole of America. 

Long Beach, Calif. 

. ♦ ■ 

" True Happiness " 


True happiness is to be found within one's self ; not 
in the material things possessed. This is especially ap- 
plicable to the present, when things that money can buy 
seem to make up the conception of so many individuals 
as to what constitutes happiness. 

Happiness is a powerful incentive to conduct. If a 
person desires money, power, unusual ability, success, 
it is because of the belief that the possession of the 
thing hoped for or aimed at will place one in a position 
to better enjoy life, or, in other words, to be happier. 

The mad urge to possess things material has gained 
an ascendency over the true route to happiness, because, 
today, there are more things to be owned by the indi- 
vidual who has money than perhaps at any previous 
time in history. Almost endless is the list of luxuries 
that may be purchased and which, seemingly, add to the 
happiness of the possessor. But unlimited possession 
ends in satiety and the things pall on the possessor. 

It is all very human, this lure of the unpossessed and 
the erroneous belief in the joys of possession. But it is 
easy to become lost in the maze of things, seeking for 
more, and yet more things. It is all pretty much of a 
will-o'-the-wisp proposition, a futile, endless search for 
a valueless pot of gold at the end of a synthetic rain- 

It is sometimes difficult to understand happiness in 
its true light. But the person who puts his trust in ma- 
terial possessions as a source of happiness is predes- 
tined to disappointment and disillusions. 

The person who would avoid being at the mercy of 
external and materialistic things will cultivate love for 
his fellow-man. The resources of literature ; the enjoy- 
ment of beauty, art and music; the appreciation of true 
friendship, healthful conversation, recreation; a delight 
in the contemplation of the human spectacle ; all tend to 
promote true happiness. But greatest and more power- 
ful than all is love for one's fellow-man. Therein is 
found true happiness, and a character so built is in a 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

position to meet and overcome the vicissitudes of fate 
and know the true enjoyment that comes from life as it 
should be lived. 

"You can buy most anything 
If money you possess; 
The only thing you cannot buy 
Is true happiness." 

Columbus, Ohio. 

The Cross of Jesus Christ 

V. The Redemption of the Body 

In the Bible death is always considered as the result 
of sin, the cure of which is only the reconciling death of 
the cross. Physical death has its effect on the body, so 
in any consideration of the cross we must also look at 
its relations to the redemption of the body. Sin not 
only made havoc in the spiritual realm, but the whole 
cosmic order or material creation was also affected. 
Christ's resurrection — the great counterpart of his 
death — was the coming of life into his body, making it 
to have existence in a new sphere. This bodily resur- 
rection of Christ gives to those who have accepted him 
by faith, a guarantee or earnest of their own bodily 

Dr. James Orr, in " God's Image in Man," says, 
" Body is as really a part of man's personality as is the 
soul, ... is a part of ourselves. The soul may 
survive the body, but man was not created incorporeal 
spirit. It was designed to inhabit the body. Death, in 
the true Biblical point of view is not natural to man, 
but something violent and unnatural, the rupture of 
that which was never meant to be disjoined. Even 
while the soul, after physical death has ensued, survives 
the body, the soul is still regarded as imperfect and 
weakened, in a condition temporarily waiting its final 
rehabilitation. So when we apprehend the real import 
of Christ's death in behalf of mankind, we behold the 
kernel of his reconciling death in his submission to 
death, and for the manifest reason that death was that 
in which was expressed the judgment of God on the sin 
of the race. Death was a form of penal evil to which 
Christ voluntarily submitted for the abolition of our 
curse " (2 Cor. 5 : 21 ; Gal. 3 : 13 ; Heb. 9 : 27). 

What shall be the nature of the resurrection body? 

Christ's body was very different after resurrection, 
yet it was easily recognized as the same that hung on 
the cross. It could be quickly and invisibly transported 
from one place to another, and through closed doors or 
walls. It was now incorruptible and glorious, and he 
ascended in that same body. In the resurrection state 
there will be no need of some of the bodily functions, 
as eating and drinking or sex distinctions, and such like. 

In 1 Cor. 15: 35-50 Paul tells us "with what body 
they do come " forth. It will be recognizable, just as 

the grain of harvest is like that sown. This new body 
will be changed, incorruptible, glorious, powerful, spir- 
itual, heavenly, and immortal. 

When shall the redemption of the body take place? 
Some — such as belong to the class of faith-curers, di- 
vine-healers, Pentecostals, etc. — claim that just as new 
life to the soul is experienced by faith now, so this new 
body can also now be appropriated, because Christ par- 
took of our infirmities. If any one should have gotten 
a new body it ought to have been such as are recorded 
as being raised from the dead, like Lazarus. But they 
had the same body as before, and were not made im- 
mortal thereby, and died again some time later. There 
is something, though, in the healing of the body and 
keeping it strong and healthy by the power of God ; and 
that is by the anointing, as we practice it. As long as 
we are in this body we are subject to its limitations and 
sufferings, which is only for "the present" (Rom. 8: 
18), and the whole creation is awaiting the manifesta- 
tion of the sons of God. The full redemption of the 
body, as well as the soul, was accomplished potentially 
by Christ on the cross. From 1 Cor. 15: 51-54, and 1 
Thess. 4: 13-17, we learn that this change of the body 
of both living and dead believers from the earthly to the 
heavenly will take place when Christ descends from 
heaven with a shout and the trumpet sounds. This is 
the great event for which the church awaits and hopes, 
and till it comes we groan in pain along with the whole 
creation. The basis of this hope is that the great Head 
and Lord of the church himself was dead, but is now 
alive forever more, and is glorified at the right hand of 
the Father, and has promised to return for his body 
which must share his glory with him in bodily perfec- 
tion. Every one will come in his right order, " Christ 
the first-fruits, and afterwards they that are his at his 

Herein is the real Easter message and comfort. Paul 
tells us " not to sorrow as those that have no hope," and 
"if in this life only we have hope we are of all men 
most miserable." True, we have sorrow when our 
loved ones are taken from us, but through our tears we 
can look up and know that if they " have believed that 
Christ died and rose again, even so will God bring them 
with him." 

Even though there may be some illustrations of truth 
in eggs, flowers, and such at Easter time, yet these fail 
to adequately express the message of the season. These 
things only have the germ of life in them, which comes 
forth of itself, under proper conditions. But the body 
of the dead has no such germ, and must be revived by 
an outside and superhuman and supernatural power. 
So every Easter Day, yea, every first day of the week, 
ought to be a memorial to us, teaching us that when he 
comes he will raise and change our mortal bodies to be 
like his glorious body, so that we can be forever with 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

him in heavenly bliss. And all this is certain, for he 
has come forth from the dead on this great day. 

So why look to any other than the mighty power of 
God in Christ to complete the redemptive scheme, 
which applies to our bodies and to all the material cre- 
ation, and will come about in the times and the seasons 
of the Father's good pleasure? 

Degraff, Ohio. 

» ♦ ■ 

Meeting of the Board of Christian Education 

General Secretary, Board of Christian Education 

No one attending the Board meetings held at Elgin, 
111., Dec. 13-15, could help but be impressed with the 
seriousness of the problems at hand. Those who are 
carrying forward the general program of the church 
need the prayers of the Brotherhood. These difficult 
times test our faith in essential values and give us a 
greater consciousness of our need of him. 

All members of the Board of Christian Education 
were present except Sister Eva Trostle, who was ill. 
This meeting of the Board was the longest and most in- 
tense in three years. The financial problem required 
much time for consideration. Because of decreasing re- 
ceipts the Board has been forced to operate upon a 
budget approximately 25% less than last year. Some 
of the curtailments have been very costly. However, 
the Board does not think it wise to create a deficit and 
reductions have been made in all items of expendi- 
tures so that we anticipate no deficit when the books are 
balanced for the year. 

The December meeting of the Board is the occasion 
when the Staff members give their reports of the year's 
work and the program for the coming year is discussed. 
Of the many items which were discussed, space will on- 
ly allow the mention of a few. A new policy was 
adopted regarding quarterly letters. Hereafter, all 
members of District Boards of Christian Education will 
receive all of the quarterly letters which go into the lo- 
cal churches. The conviction was expressed that our 
conferences with district boards have proved very val- 
uable. Plans were endorsed for reaching the coming 
year as many as possible of the district boards which 
have never been touched by the Staff. 

Leadership training will be continued as a major em- 
phasis and will be given added promotion. Some 
changes were made in the requirements for accreditiza- 
tion to teach standard classes. The Board decided to 
prepare a denominational reading course for teachers. 
The Board also went on record as favoring coopera- 
tion with the General Ministerial Board and Bethany 
Biblical Seminary in creating one leadership training 
program for the church. A joint committee of the Gen- 
eral Ministerial Board and the Board of Christian 

Education has made progress in planning Leadership 
Training Schools and Bible Conferences for church 
school workers and the ministers now in service. 

The adult program is being built by a permanent 
adult committee composed of representatives from 
Men's Work, Women's Work, the Board of Christian 
Education, and the General Mission Board. This 
makes for a correlation of activities and a united adult 
program. Of the many important decisions made, I am 
sure the creation of a simplified plan to create interest 
in and to aid in Bible Study will be felt by the Broth- 
erhood as an effort toward meeting a real need. 

In the young people's program, plans were outlined 
for the summer camps and for the Sunday evening pro- 
gram materials. Since the young people's program is 
so strategic in building the church of the future, the 
Board decided to urge that the best of our mature lead- 
ers contribute some of their time and efforts to young 
people's summer camps. The purpose is to get our 
young people in touch with the finest personalities in 
our church life. It has been our policy for several years 
to get a missionary into everyone of our summer camps. 

Plans for the program of Children's Work were out- 
lined for the year. There will be continued contacts 
with District Directors of Children's Work and an in- 
creased program of leadership training. The new 
Graded Lessons for the Children's Division are meeting 
with a hearty response. The children's program was 
launched through agencies which had already been set 
up. By its very nature it is not spectacular in develop- 
ment, but nevertheless is one of the most important ele- 
ments in our program. The highway to world peace, 
the highway to a better church, lies in the heart of the 
child. For 

"In hearts too young for enmity 
There lies the way to make men free!" 

The peace and moral welfare programs are being 
built in the light of a crisis. Realizing that the great 
need is education along these lines, we are emphasizing 
peace and temperance programs for local churches. In 
answer to the decision of the Anderson Annual Confer- 
ence, the Board is investigating suggestive plans for re- 
lief work in the event of war. While the great need for 
prohibition is a constructive program of education, yet 
the Board feels that the church should resist every ef- 
fort to repeal the Eighteenth Amendment and to modi- 
fy the Volstead Law. Besides temperance and peace 
work, the Board plans to do more educational work 
which sets forth the evils in card playing and dancing 
and at the same time outlines constructive ways for us- 
ing leisure time. 

The Board reorganized by electing C. S. Ikenberry, 
Chairman ; C. Ernest Davis, Vice-Chairman, and Dan 
West, Treasurer. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

We crave the suggestions and hearty cooperation of 
the Brotherhood during the coming year for making the 
program of Christian education the most effective in the 
building of Christlike character and inspiring Christian 

Elgin, III. 

" The King's Highway " 


We are living in the day of roads. The constant cry 
is for " good roads," that is, not only for new and im- 
proved roads to be built, but for the present modern 
roads to be improved. 

The world has never witnessed such a system of 
roads as we have them today. Roads are ways and 
means for travel and transportation. Roads are an asset 
and a blessing to people. And doubtless it would be as- 
tonishing to know how many people are on the road all 
the time, and truly, some without purpose. 

There are historic and famous roads. There are the 
Appian and other historic Roman roads. Today we 
have the Lincoln, William Penn, Dixie, and other high- 
ways. But there is another highway that we desire to 
think and talk more about. We refer to the King's 
Highway. The King's Highway is the Way of Christ. 
He said, " I am the way, the truth, and the life." What 
an assertion : " I am the way !" Yet who but the 
King of kings could make and prove such a claim? Let 
us note some of the characteristics of the King's High- 

It Is a Smooth Way 

In the first place, it is a smooth way. I have known 
for a long time that there were thermometers, speedo- 
meters, etc., to measure heat, speed, and the like. But 
I'll confess that I never knew until a few days ago that 
there was such an instrument as a " roughometer." A 
roughometer is an instrument to measure the number of 
" bumps " to the mile in the newly constructed state 
roads. It was designed by the Bureau of Public Roads, 
and is manufactured in Washington, D. C. The instru- 
ment is attached to the front axle of a car. When a 
new road is finished a state official appears on the scene 
and " rides the road " and thus ascertains the number 
of bumps, or roughness, of the road. Twenty or less 
bumps to a mile of new road nowadays is considered 
good. But the aim is to build roads that are without a 
single bump, that is, a perfectly smooth or level road. 

Yet the King's Highway is such a road. " Prepare 
ye in the wilderness the way of Jehovah ; make level in 
the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall 
be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made 
low ; and the uneven shall be made level, and the rough 
places a plain." This scripture from Isaiah, John the 
Baptist applied to Jesus Christ when he said : " Repent, 

for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." This was point- 
ing out the King's Highway. 

" I am the way," said he. He is the very embodiment 
of his teachings. The Jesus way of life is the highway 
of life over which we should travel. He taught a 
smooth way of life for his followers. He taught it by 
precept and by example. How smooth he was when 
they smote him and spat in his face! He was gentle, 
kind, loving, patient, longsuffering. He went about do- 
ing good, healing, comforting, sympathizing; in other 
words, taking the bumps out of the road for his pil- 
grims in the earth. The King's Highway is a smooth 
way. Husbands can make the way smooth for wives, 
and vice versa. What opportunities we have for mak- 
ing the way smooth for others — children, neighbors, the 
stranger, the needy! We sometimes hear the expres- 
sion : " He had a rough road to travel." Are you mak- 
ing the road rough or smooth for your loved ones? 
How will you feel when you have laid them away ? 

About the roughest road I ever rode over was called 
a corduroy road. It simply consisted of a roadbed con- 
structed of poles six or eight inches in diameter, and 
about ten or twelve feet in length, pole joining pole. To 
ride over such a road in a jolt wagon is almost in- 
describable. Well, we have better road beds today, and 
we are thankful. Rock and concrete are used today; 
and as for the Royal Highway, it is the Rock of Ages. 
But still some folks have it rough, rough as the cordu- 
roy road. Let us try to take more of the bumps out of 
the way of life for folks. 

It Is a Strait Way 

Second, " For narrow is the gate, and straitened the 
way, that leadeth unto life." Nowadays trunk line 
highways are being widened. Many large cities have 
their Broadways. But the King's Highway is narrow, 
strait (not straight). Many speak of Matt. 7: 14, us- 
ing the word straight instead of strait. It is indeed 
often printed so. It is narrowed down so as to include 
only holiness and righteousness. Beyond its berms are 
sin and evil. " The highway of the upright is to depart 
from evil." " And a highway shall be there, and a way, 
and it shall be called the way of holiness ; the unclean 
shall not pass over it; but it shall be for the redeemed." 
Being a strait way, it becomes a way of choice. Some 
roads lead to worldly parks ; others to places of right- 
eousness. Or somewhat as the poet has expressed it: 

"To every man there openeth 

A way, and ways, and a way, 

And the high soul climbs the high way, 

And the low soul gropes the low; 

And in between, on the misty flats, 

The rest drift to and fro. 
"But to every man there openeth 

A high way and a low, 

And every man decideth 

The way his soul shall go." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


The latter sentence of the poet is more nearly true. 
There are but the two ways, namely, the high and the 
low; or as the Scriptures have it, the narrow way and 
the broad way. Take the narrow way, it is the Royal 

A Way Without a Detour 

In the third place, the King's Highway is a way with- 
out a detour. " This is the way, walk ye in it ; when ye 
turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left." 
Keep in the way. The way of the detourer is hard. Ev- 
ery traveler knows that. And every sinner, sooner or 
later, knows that the way of the transgressor is hard. 
The meaning is the same. The former word is of 
French derivation; the latter, Latin. The Royal Road 
has no detour. 

A Way Well Marked 

In the fourth place, the Royal Highway is well 
marked. How was the remnant of God's people to get 
back to their homeland and the Holy City ? Isaiah, as 
God's spokesman, said, " Prepare a way. Make the 
crooked straight, grade down the high places, fill up the 
low, make smooth the rough places." And Jeremiah 
says : " Set thee up waymarks, make thee guide-posts ; 
set thy heart toward the highway, . . . turn again 
to these thy cities." John the Baptist applied the for- 
mer scripture to Christ. So may the latter be applied. 
God's children may find their way out of bondage to the 
Holy City, the New Jerusalem, by following the well- 
marked way, coursed in red, by the blood of Christ. 
Follow the " I am the Way." A trunkline highway is 
easily followed today — simply follow the numbers 
which mark it well. The King's Highway is number 
One. It is the way of the Holy One. " Be ye holy, for 
I am holy." " It shall be called the way of holiness." 

Westminster, Md. 

Why So Many Nonchurchgoers? 


This was the subject of an address the writer heard 
some time ago in one of the Malmo churches. A Meth- 
odist minister serving a church in Malmo sent out a 
questionnaire some years ago. In it he asked : " Why 
do so many men not go to church ?" He received a num- 
ber of answers. Encouraged by the result, he sent out 
a similar questionnaire in Stockholm last fall. This 
was followed by another : 'Why do you go to church ?" 

The minister received hundreds of letters, and in a 
lecture on the returns read a number of extracts which 
were interesting. Some answers were ridiculous. The 
speaker summarized the answers under the following 
headings : 

(1) A dislike and mistrust toward churches in gen- 
eral, and especially the authorized state church. 

(2) A lack of confidence in the state church priests 
and preachers of the free churches. 

(3) The difficulty in believing the Bible and the 
church's teachings and dogmas. 

(4) The lack of life and interest fostering elements 
in the religious services. 

(5) The idea that modern science is not in harmony 
with piety and godliness. 

The following extracts from letters were also read : 

" Because I live too near the priest's home." 

" Because the messages in the church, year by year, 
are but parodies, being teachings without a life to back 

" The preachers are too cut and dried in the pulpit. 
Let the preacher wake up and then he will be able to 
wake up his audience and the churches will be filled 

" I belong to the working class and consider the 
priests favorable to the capitalists and opposed to the 
working class." 

" Because when I was in a church in the autumn of 
1914, I was shocked when the priest, at the close of the 
service, asked a blessing on the World War. Since then 
I have had no desire to meet within the walls of a 
church." These are some of the reasons given in this 
country for nonchurchgoing. 

The speaker also read a few paragraphs of the law 
concerning churchgoing. " A farmer ought to go to 
church every Sunday and attend all the special meetings 
announced by the priest from the pulpit." A law was 
passed in 1686 which provided : " A fine shall be im- 
posed on those who seldom go to church." For less than 
three hundred years ago there was a decline in church- 
going and the government saw fit to try and compel its 
subjects to go to church. Now, as usual with most 
radical restrictions, the pendulum has swung too far to 
the other side. 

Is this condition of nonchurchgoing peculiar only to 
Sweden, or is it a general condition? We take for 
granted that it is general. If so, it might be interest- 
ing to know the cause for nonchurchgoing in other 
countries. Not all countries have tried to keep their 
subjects pious and God-fearing by compelling them by 
law to attend church services. Some of the causes at 
least for not going to church in Sweden may apply to 
other countries. 

The answers to the question : " Why do you go to 
church ?" may be summarized as follows : 

(1) The need for refreshing and inspiration for the 

(2) As social creatures, men long for Christian fel- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

(3) It is a rest from the daily routine of work 
which gives rest to the soul. 

(4) Because it is customary or the habit to go to 

(5) One, at least, has a pure personal and selfish 
interest in his church going. The following extracts 
from the answers may be of interest : 

" In the church service there is real rest and the soul 
is lifted into the very presence of God. Here one finds 
strength for the duties of practical life." 

" I go to church because there, as nowhere else, I 
realize the greatness of God and my dependence upon 
him. Here I find a longing for things eternal." 

" I have a desire to experience the forgiveness of sin 
and receive strength to gain the victory over tempta- 

" Christian association gives me strength of faith and 
courage to continue the battle in the Christian life." 

" I go to church because there my heart is lifted into 
a worshipful spirit and I find real rest for the soul." 

" I go to church because man can not live by bread 

" I go to church because I feel a need that only there 
can be supplied. Sometimes I realize sweet peace during 
the service. Sometimes I feel condemned by the preached 
word. I continue to go because I feel that God meets 
his people there. When I fail to go, a feeling of con- 
demnation rests upon me." 

"I go to church because my parents have always 
taught me that one should go to church." 

"I am a respectable official in the community and go to 
church to retain my respect and for the announcements 
by the priest from the pulpit (many of which are secu- 
lar) so as to keep informed with current events and le- 
gal transactions." Otherwise this man has no use for 
the church services and with an oath condemns the 
Christian religion. 

" I go to church because it is a good place to sleep." 
This answer is a little ridiculous, but I wonder if it is 
not the experience of many, although it may not be the 
primary cause of their going. 

A study of cause and effect of nonchurchgoing can 
be both interesting and profitable. There are too many 
nonchurchgoers and too many who do not interest 
themselves in the regular preaching services as they 
should. I understand there is a general falling off along 
this line. There is so much to interest people of this 
age, and the Christian religion is not given the proper 
place in so many Christian professors' lives. There is 
occasion and cause to ask: "Why?" Is there a just 
cause for not going to church ? According to some of 
the answers given, one might reach such a conclusion. 
Is it the preachers' fault? Is it the fault of the mem- 
bers in general? Is there a possibility that preachers 
and laity are as signboards, pointing the way, but not 

going the way themselves? If ever there was a time 
when nonprofessors of religion read the Bible little, and 
Christian professors neglected reading, it is now. We 
live in an age when people get so much of their knowl- 
edge without reading. This may well be termed a " lis- 
tening age," therefore our actions should speak loudly 
if we would be living witnesses for Christ. It is pos- 
sible to be a stumblingblock and an object of offence to 
those who are without. May we ask ourselves the ques- 
tion: " Is it I that is causing nonchurchgoing?" If we 
discover that such is the case let us mend our way and 
do our part in making the church services as attractive, 
interesting and uplifting as possible. Let us back up 
our profession with a life that shows interest in the wel- 
fare of the church and the salvation of those. 
Malmo, Szveden. 

Physical Activities Here and There 


First Half 
The cost of the place for " the assembling of our- 
selves together " in a house of worship on Crown 
Street 115 years ago, is made up as follows: 

Cash paid on a $4,250 lot purchased 

from Jesse Stillwagon $1,250.00 

Expenses at the "raising" in June, 1817: 
To 44 lbs. Hames at I/4J/2 P* to 

I. W. Maybury $ 8.25 

To Hertzog & McCarigher for 24% 

lbs. cheese at 1 8*C 4.83 

1 tumbler broken at raising 15 

To p & A — at raising 5.00 

To beef & butter pd by G Gorgas at 

raising 3.44 

J. Zigler cash* 15.00 


Less: "To 5 lbs. cheese 
remained at raising tak- 
en by J. Lynd 94 

To Boards sold by John 

Fox $13.00 $13.94 22.73 

Cash paid for construction (labor and materials 3,412.50 
Value of materials and labor contributed by 1 56 
persons (members and others) clearly item- 
ized of record 2,03 1 .80 

A 6% Mortgage for 3,000.00 

Total cost involved $9,71 7.03 

The yearly maintenance covering wood, oil, candles, 
and " open and shut the meetinghouse and build the 
fires," did not exceed $125 ! 

The Crown Street church was sold to Samuel Glad- 
ing Oct. 12, 1872, for $13,000— fifty-five years to the 

*J. Zigler is listed in the 1817 Directory as "Official Inspector of Lum- 

(Continued on Page 20) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 



"Ubis Department 
Conducted by 
H. Spenser Minnich 

No One Missed 

A good giver in Ohio sends $75 and she writes : 
" Use the money to the best of your knowledge for 
mission work. I rather think foreign missions is most 
needful, but you know more about that than I do. So 
do as you think best and the dear Lord will bless you 
for so doing. Wishing each and every soul a Merry 
Christmas and Happy New Year and thanking you for 
the distribution of this money, I am, as ever, your 

Hens and a Missionary Promise 

In 'the Fernald congregation, Middle Iowa, a young 
married couple made the promise that if their hens laid 
101 eggs every day for one week, they would increase 
their giving to missions. The hens seemingly under- 
stood their opportunity and one day laid 134 and kept 
up a good record all week. 

Some people make promises to the Lord, what they 
will do if certain blessings come to them, and then when 
they receive their blessings, they forget and fail the 
Lord. But according to the report we have, the young 
couple making this pledge kept their promise in a 
splendid way. 

Missions and The Gospel Messenger 

This issue marks the second anniversary of the 
merger of The Missionary Visitor into The Gospel 
Messenger. Missions have been an integral part of the 
church paper. This is right. A church without mis- 
sions is not a Christian church. The Messenger, being 
a weekly, has put mission news fresh before our read- 
ers. Nearly all who have commented feel that it was a 
wise move to merge the two papers. Special features 
are being provided. The second issue each month has a 
methods emphasis. The last issues for January, Aug- 
ust and November are specials for India, China and 
Africa respectively. The first issue each June contains 
the Board's Annual Report. The mission directory ap- 
pears the last issue of each month. We will seek to 
bring to our readers up-to-date thinking and news on 
the mission aspect of our Christian endeavor. 

What Changed the Offering? 

A pastor was taking a missionary collection recently 
when he said: "I want each of you to give today as 
though you were putting your money right into the 
pierced hand of Jesus Christ." A lady came up after- 
ward and said : " I was going to give a half-dollar, but 
I did not do so." 

" Why did you not do it?" the preacher asked. 

" Do you think," replied the lady, " I would put a 
half-dollar into his pierced hand? I have $10 at home 
and I am going to give that." 

If we were putting our money into the pierced hand 
of our Lord our contributions would amount to mil- 
lions, and the world would be evangelized in ten years. 

A Desire and Some Habit 

A good supporter of missions in eastern Virginia 
writes us of his present difficulties in earning money for 
missions. He closes the letter by saying : " It is a bit 
hard to know how we will stand able to give during the 
coming year, but we have a desire and some habit of 
giving, so hope it will be possible to give often." 

Desire will get an adolescent boy out of bed at 5 A. 
M. without a whimper. Desire will cause the explorer 
to hazard his life for the sake of conquest. Desire sent 
David Livingstone to Africa and our Wilbur Stover to 
India. Desire has caused hands to write checks that 
have provided the financial needs of our mission work. 
Desire has caused people to get along gladly with 
meager household furnishings that there might be mis- 
sionaries preaching the Word in far places. 

A habit will tide us over hard places where without it 
we would flounder. While mission giving has fallen in 
terms of dollars it has risen in terms of bushels of 
wheat. Mission supporters are giving more than twice 
as many bushels of wheat as they did five years ago. 
But the habit in giving makes it possible. Unseasoned 
givers are not likely to do much for missions in these 
days of financial difficulty. 

How may we get desire? Not by mere wish think- 
ing. Sometimes it comes by a great experience as it did 
to Paul. Or it may grow out of study. Wm. Carey 
studied the map of India and of the Indian people until 
his desire to be a missionary would not be restrained. 
Desire is increased in the path of service. Our mission- 
aries, who broken in health must remain in America, 
have a burning desire to go back and serve where they 
toiled for years. If you would like to be a missionary 
giver, but don't feel the desire, begin giving ; follow the 
results of your giving and the desire will come. 

As to habits in giving, every Christian will do well to 
follow some well planned method. Laying by the first 
day of the week is recognized as among the best. Giv- 
ing in church as an act of worship is practiced by all 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

Christendom. Additional gifts to specific needs should 
be practiced regularly at certain seasons. 

Don't hang on to money. Seek true riches. Money 
is not riches. Lives are ever so much more important 
than money. Exchange your money into men. The 
current coin of heaven is the lives of men. Mission giv- 
ers who have been regular through the years can now 
count scores of purified, uplifted, redeemed men, wom- 
en and children in our mission fields as the returns on 
their investments. 

Tu Jung Nge, the Cave Girl 


Note: The following story should be used in the missionary society 
program. Watch the first issue each month for a similar story. 

Tu Jung Nge's home is very different from any of 
yours, I am sure. Instead of a big house with an up- 
stairs, downstairs and a cellar, or even a simpler two or 
three-room house with windows to admit the beautiful 
sunshine and good pure air, and a green velvety lawn 
in front, she lives in a cave way up in the mountains. 
The cave is divided into two rooms. There are no win- 
dows and only one door. In front of the cave is a pig 
pen and a place for the mule which is not only treas- 
ured for his usefulness as a beast of burden, but he has 
been a pet of the family since babyhood. There are al- 
so two or three chickens running around, and a stone 
flour mill turned either by man or beast. 

Simple as this home was the family were very happy 
until an epidemic took its toll. The father, mother, son, 
and two little girls, one of whom was Jung Nge, were 
all stricken with the dreadful fever. The family had 
very little money, so the father decided that he would 
buy medicine for his wife and son, for he, like many of 
his countrymen, believed them to be the more impor- 
tant members of his home. Strange as it all was, the 
two who received the special care died, and those given 
up to die recovered. 

There was nothing else to do but to bring in a new 
mother for these bereft little ones. The second Mrs. 
Tu, however, proved to be a greater care than a bless- 
ing in the home, being physically and mentally unable 
to do any work; and so Jung Nge from the time her 
mother died, although only eight years old, assumed the 
responsibility of housekeeper. She cooked and sewed 
for all. When in doubt as to how a thing should be 
done she would run to the neighbors, who very kindly 
helped her. They cut out the garments, gave directions 
what to do with all the pieces, and little Jung Nge final- 
ly finished coats, trousers, stockings, etc. Since she has 
come to school, she is learning from her older school- 
mates and teachers to do prettier needlework. She de- 
lights to make pretty shoes for her little sister at home. 
During the summer vacations she makes all the winter 
clothes for the family. 

Five years ago Jung Nge's father was baptized, and 
this brought us in closer touch with the family. A year 
later the wife came into the church and the third year 
Jung Nge, now a girl of fifteen, was also baptized. 
This brought about a great change in the home. Mrs. 
Tu in accepting the living Christ as her Savior found 
not only comfort and peace of soul, but physical and 
mental healing. She now helps to perform her duties 
as housekeeper and homemaker, while Jung Nge is in 
school. Way off in this secluded spot, our missionary 
lady evangelist found this promising child of the 
Flowery Kingdom. She and her father and the mule 
traveled for two days up the mountains, down in the 
valleys, around and around, " over the top of the 
world " as Anna Blough of sacred memory described 
this road, finally arriving at the mission school in Ping 
Ting Chou. What a change for her ! Her unassuming 
naturalness attracted all of us to her at once. " Can any 
good thing come out of Nazareth?" Will we ever be 
able to find all the precious jewels God has hidden away 
in the most remote recesses of the world ? 

Although the school is a much more sanitary place to 
live than Jung Nge's cave, yet home is home, and dur- 
ing the first weeks her heart was filled with a great 
longing for home. One evening as she was going to 
bed, I said to her, " Jung Nge, what makes you so sad, 
don't you like to go to school ?" " Oh, yes," she said, 
" but I do want to go home." Then I said to her : " In 
a few months you can go home, but I must wait five 
years before I can see my home folks again." Later as 
she reported the affair to her people she said : "I was so 
ashamed of myself, I'll never allow homesickness to get 
the best of me again." 

We can not end this story without telling you of her 



HaB * 1. 

} j 

1 ■ 


The Tu Family. Left to right: Little Sister, Mrs. Tu, 
Mr. Tu and Jung Nge. Photo by Mary Schaeffer. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


first experience in shopping. Her father left money 
with the request that his little girl was to have things 
the same as other girls in school. The first thing 
needed was a comfort for her bed. She wanted a big 
flowered one like her roommates had. So we took her 
to the best store in town. The clerk laid out five or six 
pretty pieces. Poor child ! she had never seen anything 
like this. She sat speechless ; she just couldn't make a 
choice ! Now after three years of schooling and ex- 
perience in this larger world, she knows exactly what 
she wants, where to get it, and what she ought to pay 
for it. Oh, how she has developed and grown ! She is 
bright, intelligent, stands at the head of her class, has 
a beautiful disposition, is loved by all, and loves all. I 
am sure you would be proud of her too. She belongs to 
the class of 1933 and I know she is very grateful to you 
for helping to make a Christian school possible for her. 

Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China. 

■ ♦ • 

" Neither Do I Condemn Thee . . . " 

From time to time I have acquainted you with the 
conditions that prevail in the household of the head 
chief of this district. You will remember that I told 
you Chief Amadu had a very large household. He had 
many wives. Frequently did I go to visit them during 
my last term, and bring them the gospel message. 
When Chief Amadu died, several of these wives re- 
ceived their freedom. One of them is married to one 
of our inquirers. Another is married to a young man 
who attends our services regularly, and for whom we 
are praying, that he may come to confess the Lord pub- 
licly. This woman also comes to church, and is show- 
ing a definite interest. There is a third of these wives, 
of whom I would like to tell you in this message. 

Chief Amadu took this woman a few years ago. He 
took her. He paid no dowry to her relatives. After 
she was in his compound for some time, she tired of 
this life. These women resent being under the authori- 
ty of another woman and being just like slaves. Some- 
times months would go by and she would not hear the 
voice of her husband, the chief. She had little or no 
fellowship with him. He had so many wives, and of 
course he had his favorites : quite likely she was not in 
that class. 

One day she arose from the compound and returned 
to her relatives. Her husband sent for her, and she 
was made to return. But her heart never returned to 
that place and to that husband. Under cover of dark- 
ness she would find a way out of the compound, and 
then she would soon be lured into sin. This became 
quite a habit, until the chief heard of it, quarreled with 
her, and again she left the compound. He did not try 
to get her back. Neither would any other man offer to 
marry her, as no man will marry a chief's wife while 

the chief is living. They are afraid to do this. The 
woman became a public prostitute, and remained so for 
a couple of years. She drank heavily and indulged free- 
ly in sin : she was drifting down at a very rapid pace. 

She had a brother who had come to know the Lord. 
He faithfully testified of Christ when he was in the 
family compound. This sister repeatedly heard the 
message. Then came a struggle. The light dawned in 
her soul, but the dark path of sin had become such a 
habit it was hard to forsake. The enemy had his 
clutches wound tightly about her, and was loath to re- 
lease her to another Master. But who can withstand 
the power of the Almighty? That same Jesus who 
liberated a woman before the eyes of her accusers so 
long ago, would also liberate this sinful woman. Yes, 
he set her gloriously free. 

She has now walked the path of life for some 
months. She has made public confession. She is learn- 
ing to read the Word, and has made good progress in 
the catechism. 

A little time ago I was dealing with another brother 
of hers, who does not know the Lord. I was telling 
him how the Lord Jesus changes the lives of his chil- 
dren when he gives them a new heart. I asked him : 
" Do you think there is any change in the life of your 
sister?" " The change in the life of my sister is known 
to all. She has turned right around. Formerly where- 
ever there was a beer-drink, one would never miss see- 
ing her there. She always ran from place to place in 
search of beer : now she never touches it. She does 
not run the streets to look for it. Before, she was a 
public woman : everybody knew her as such. Now she 
has a new marriage, and she stays at home. She does 
not follow after sin any more. Yes, she has changed, 
white lady." 

This man is not a believer, but he sees the truth. And 
he speaks for many who testify to the wonderful 
change that has come into the life of this woman. 

What a wonderful Savior ! He still stoops to lift up 
the fallen. He still whispers to the souls that are drift- 
ing down, and that cry to him for help : " Neither do 
I condemn thee." He sends his Spirit into the heart of 
a sinner, and brings to pass a complete and marvelous 

What a privilege is ours to be allowed to declare the 
works of this wonderful Christ ! And what a joy is 
ours when we see a soul steeped in sin coming to the 
Cross and accepting our Lord ! Even the angels rejoice, 
and shall not we do likewise ? 

There are scores of such sinful women in this part of 
Africa. Oh, that many more may come to know the 
Lord Jesus, and hear him say, "Neither do I condemn 
thee." — Johanna Veenstra, in S. U. M. News Letter. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


Calendar for Sunday, January 8 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Begins His Work. — Mark 1 : 

Christian Workers' Meeting, The Final Result.— Matt. 7: 

B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

Young People — Peace — and the Church of the Brethren. 

Intermediate Girls — If Jesus Had Not Come. 

Intermediate Boys — What Would You Do? 
♦> ^ & 4* 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Nine baptisms in the Bartlesville church, Okla. 

Six baptisms in the Dunnings Creek church, Pa., at New 
Paris, Bro. C. L. Cox of Claysburg, Pa., evangelist. 

Nine baptisms in the Chiques church, Pa., Bro. Norman 
K. Musser of Mountville, Pa., evangelist. 

Eighteen baptisms in the Twenty-eighth Street church, 
Altoona, Pa., Bro. B. F. Waltz, pastor-evangelist. 

Thirty-three baptisms in the Goshen City church, Ind., 
Bro. J. H. Cassady of Washington, D. C, evangelist. 

Four baptized and one reclaimed in the Beech Grove 
church, Ind., Bro. E. O. Norris and wife of Astoria, 111., 

Fifteen baptized in the Greenwood church, Mo., Brother 
and Sister Oliver H. Austin of McPherson, Kans., evan- 

Fifteen accessions at Mexico, Ind., Bro. Ralph G. Rarick 
of North Manchester, Ind., evangelist ; Bro. Ernest Fisher 
of Rochester, Ind., music director. 

* *:♦ 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you pray 
for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. Ray O. Shank of Flora, Ind., Jan. 9 in the Missis- 
sinewa congregation, Ind. 

Bro. R. H. Nicodemus of Huntington, Ind., Jan. 1 in the 
Beaver Creek church, Ohio. 

Brother and Sister Ralph G. Rarick of North Manchester, 
Ind., Jan. 8 in the Mission Chapel, North Manchester. 

Personal Mention 

Bro. Wilbur I. Liskey, recently of Rosepine, La., is taking 
up his new pastorate at Live Oak, Calif., and should be ad- 
dressed accordingly. 

Eld. E. J. Neher, approaching 82 and sitting in his wheel 
chair in which all his days are now spent, writes us of the 
reverses which make it impossible for him to renew his sub- 
scription to the Messenger after receiving the church papers 
regularly for 54 years. He reads and writes with difficulty 
and his good wife, one year his senior and with better sight, 
reads most of the Messenger to him. With many kind 
words and good wishes his letter goes on to its pathetic fin- 
ish. Then something happens. Before he gets it mailed he 
adds this postscript, almost illegible : " Since writing above 
I received $2.00 as a Christmas gift for the Messenger and 
have given it to our Messenger agent for which we are 
grateful." Aren't you glad with this aged and afflicted 

couple? Some of their earlier life was given to the ministry 
in Florida. They now reside in Grand Rapids, Mich. 

" The operating apparatus was set up on the boys' hostel 
veranda and two ordinary tables were used for operating 
tables. The staff worked fine and Dr. Fox went from one 
table to the other as rapidly as the patients could be pre- 
pared and cared for. Thirty-two children had their tonsils 
removed that day and all are doing fine." So writes Bro. 
J. M. Blough of what happened when Dr. J. W. Fox came 
to Vyara. 

Eld. Wm. U. Wagner, Union City, Ind., writes us of the 
good work done recently by Bro. William Beery in the Pop- 
lar Grove congregation. He says : " It is his mission to de- 
velop an appreciation of the place and value of music in 
worship, to help all to sing with spirit and understanding. 
The church here was so much benefited by his service that 
we wish to recommend his work to others." Bro. Beery 
served for a time on our General Music Committee. His 
present address is 915 Larkin Ave., Elgin, 111. 

Bro. Ezra Flory, New Paris, Ind., writes us : "I have had 
a number of letters of sympathy on account of my ill health. 
It seems a false rumor has gone out about it and has 
worked harm to me in several ways. I have not felt so well 
for several years. I have preached regularly for over a 
year. I teach a special midweek Bible class and do miscel- 
laneous work." Our readers will all rejoice that Bro. Flory 
can report so favorably on the recovery of his health. And 
while they are about it they will also congratulate him that 
it was only the sixty-third milestone of a life already well 
filled with good works which he passed this week. It hap- 
pened Thursday, Jan. 5. 

♦ * * * 

Miscellaneous Items 

We heartily thank the Twenty-eighth Street Brethren 
Bulletin and Pastor B. F. Waltz for this testimony : " The 
Gospel Messenger is the best church paper printed. You 
can not be an intelligent Brethren without this weekly in- 

The York County Ministerial Association, York, Pa., is 
conducting its fourth annual Ten Day Prayer Meeting the 
first ten days of the year. On most of the days the pro- 
gram extends from 10 A. M. to 8 P. M., a different leader 
and church group having charge each hour. Our own Pas- 
tor Jacobs was assigned to Monday, Jan. 2, 4 P. M., and 
Tuesday, Jan. 10, 6 P. M. 

* * * * 
Around the World 

An up-to-date farmer in a western state produced as fol- 
lows from forty acres of trees and vines : dried peaches 
nine tons, dried apricots twenty-eight tons, dried prunes five 
tons, fresh Thompson grapes forty-five tons. This is just 
one more proof of the fact that there is plenty for all, that 
the real problem is how to improve the processes of dis- 

The mounds and caves of the Near East continue to yield 
archaeological items of interest. Thus there was recently 
reported the finding of the skeleton of a giant in a cave at 
Athlit, Palestine. The find is said to resemble that of 
Paleanthropus Palestinus found a year ago at Mt. Carmel. 
These prehistoric men differed from all others in their long 
limbs, jutting chins, and awninglike ridges over their eyes. 
Maybe it was the descendants of some of these that the 
spies saw when they went up to look over the promised 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


Speaking of the outlook for the church in China, Dean 
Roderick Scott of Fukien Christian University says in part : 
" The church is freer than ever before. It is regarded with 
a new respect. Christianity is reckoned as one of the social 
forces of the nation. . . . Non-Christians use and advise 
Christian schools. The late commissioner of education was 
so impressed by a Christian teachers' retreat that he de- 
clared he must have one for the government schools. He 
held up the Christian teachers as models, saying among oth- 
er things, that they always paid their electric light bills." 

India has long been known as the " sink of precious met- 
als." This is due to the fact that gold and silver importa- 
tions tend to go into the hoards of princes, or the secret 
hiding places of the treasures of other Indians of wealth. 
Something of the cumulative effects of such savings habits 
upon the world's stock of gold may be gathered from the 
fact that India imported about three billions in gold over 
the sixty-year period from 1870 to 1930. Of recent years 
India has absorbed slightly more than one-quarter of the 
world's gold production. Under usual conditions these se- 
cret stores of precious metal are as good as lost. But when 
unusual conditions develop they may be brought forth. 
Thus the decline in value of English money, with the cor- 
responding enhancement in value of gold, is bringing much 
Indian gold to light. 

* * * * 

Our Bookshelf 

Book reviews for this column are prepared by J. E. Miller, Literary 
Editor for the Brethren Publishing House. Any book reviewed in 
these columns, and any others you wish to order, may be purchased 
through the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. — Ed. 

Undaunted Hope — Life of James Gribble, by Florence 
Newberry Gribble. Brethren Publishing Company, Ashland, 
Ohio. 438 large pages. $1.65. 

We have here a full account of the character, work, cor- 
respondence and aspirations of James Gribble who felt the 
call to Africa so deeply that he applied to go to the field 
when he did not know who would send him or who would 
bear the expense. He believed God had called him and 
trusted God to open the way. As a result of his faith the 
Brethren Church has its Oubangui-Chari Mission in French 
Equatorial Africa. 

In writing the story of her husband's labors the author 
had the advantage of knowing him thoroughly, of sharing his 
efforts and accomplishments, and free access to much of his 
correspondence in which he revealed the secret of his inner 
life. The personal touches Dr. Gribble gives to her story 
furnishes a double interest. She has both the general mis- 
sion view and the family tie. 

This mission is some distance from our mission in Africa. 
Would it be too much to hope and pray that some day these 
two missions supported by churches that have so much in 
common will extend their borders until they meet and form 
one continuous Christian community? Be that as it may, 
those who read this volume will be amply repaid, for they 
will know this part of Africa as they have not yet known it. 
The simple faith and the consecrated life of James Gribble 
should be a challenge to an indifferent membership at home 
that too often forgets its missionaries on the field. 

The Introduction, by Alva J. McClain, Secretary of the 
Foreign Missionary Society of the Brethren Church, the 
map, the pictures, the full index and the clear type combine 
to make most readable this human interest story of a pio- 
neer missionary, the kind of which the mission field has all 
too few. 

For educational purposes the publishers desire a wide cir- 

culation of the book, hence are offering it for actual cost, 
only $1.65. For that reason orders should go direct to the 

Education Through Recreation, by L. P. Jacks. Harper 
Brothers. 155 pages. $1.50. 

In this volume Principal Jacks gives us a series of ad- 
dresses delivered throughout some sixty American cities. 
He pleads for intelligent, systematic and general training in 
recreation. He believes it is better to have all the people 
of a community trained to play and to play together than 
for a community to turn out a world champion in any line. 

In view of present unemployment and future unemploy- 
ment which is assured because of this machine age, he ad- 
vocates teaching by actual training how to use one's leisure 
time to the best advantage. Because of short hours and 
short days, both of which seem to be in the air, educators 
must prepare folks for an intelligent use of the hours in 
which they are not otherwise occupied by necessity. Train 
folks to play together and they are not so likely to quarrel, 
neither do they so readily fall into mischief and crime as 
when they are idle. 

To my mind, however, he seems to give undue credit to 
the dance as one means of recreation. In other respects I 
find his suggestions valuable. 


Jesus Lost in God's House 

Luke 2: 40-52 

For Week Beginning January 15 

His Parents Went Every Year to Jerusalem, V. 41 

Fixed habits of worship are of supreme importance in the 
rearing of children (Ex. 23: 14; Lev. 23: 2; Num. 15: 3). 
The Boy Jesus Tarried Behind in Jerusalem, V. 43 

Jesus had one interest which was great enough to crowd 
out all else (Matt. 13: 44-46). 
Supposing Him to Be in the Company, V. 44 

Where did they suppose him to be? With the boys and 
girls of his own age? I like to think so (Luke 2: 52; John 
2: 1-11). 

They Found Him in the Temple, V. 46 

You can judge a boy by the places to which his pleasure 
takes him (Psa. 5 : 7 ; 79 : 1 ; 138 : 2 ; Matt. 4:5; Acts 3:1). 
Both Hearing Them and Asking Them Questions, V. 46 

Hearing and asking ! Such a boy will grow in wisdom 
and in favor with God and man (Ezra 8: 21; Matt. 18: 3; 
Luke 11 : 1; John 9: 36; Acts 8: 31). 
And They Understood Not, V. 50 

Mary and Joseph were not the first nor the last parents to 
misunderstand a child (Job 8:9; Eccles. 11: 5; John 3:8; 
Jer. 4: 22). 

His Mother Kept All These Sayings in Her Heart, V. 51 

How we admire this trait of Mary. She was a good moth- 
er. Her habit is worthy of imitation (Rom. 10: 8; Deut. 6: 
6; 11: 18; Psa. 119: 11; Col. 3: 16). 


Do good boys as well as bad ones at times cause their 
parents some concern? How can a greater understanding 
between parents and children be brought about? 

R. H. M. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


The City Hospital — An Opportunity 


Article Supplied by the Pastoral Association 

During the past three years in Baltimore, I have 
visited from forty-five to fifty different hospital pa- 
tients who were members of our denomination, and 
whose homes were out of the city and sometimes out of 
the state. In some instances, second and third visits 
were made. The average is one new patient every three 
weeks. If those from the local church and community 
were included the total number would be from one hun- 
dred and twenty to one hundred and thirty. 

From the experiences that I have had, the following 
observations and suggestions are offered: 

1. Your visits will be greatly appreciated. Out of 
town patients feel strange in the city and in a large hos- 
pital. They always welcome the minister's visit. You 
go away with a consciousness of having done a good 
deed. The cordial response of the patient always re- 
pays one for the time and effort expended. 

2. You meet some of the finest of people and you 
have a splendid opportunity to see Christian faith in 
action. Many are the times when the minister returns 
feeling that he has received as much as he has given. 

3. You will find that it is a splendid way to get ac- 
quainted with good people and their churches. The 
people who are away from home remember kindly their 
home churches and -invariably speak well of them. If 
later you happen to be in their church or community 
you find a real welcome awaiting you. 

4. You will be repaid in additions to your local 
church. The people you visit often move to the city or 
have friends who do so. A happy point of contact has 
already been made. At present six newcomers to the 
city will become regular attendants of the local church 
because of two hospital visits made. 

5. You will discover that hospital employees, doc- 
tors, nurses, and others will extend to you the finest re- 
spect and courtesy. One can repay these courtesies by 
consulting them before entering a room and by remem- 
bering to thank them before leaving. These people are 
very busy and charged with heavy responsibilities — a 
word of appreciation to them is in itself a helpful min- 

6. Members of your local church will appreciate the 
fact that you visit their out of town friends and rela- 
tives when they are in the hospitals. Likewise, they 
will usually follow your lead and will themselves be- 
come faithful in visiting the sick. 

7. Finally, there is one thing that out of town pas- 
tors, Sunday-school teachers, friends and parents can 

do. Of all those that I have visited, concerning none of 
them would I have learned had it not been for the fact 
that some one dropped a card, called by phone or in 
some manner made a request. Write to your city pas- 
tors when your friends are coming to their local hos- 
pitals for medical services. You will do both the pastor 
and the patient a service. 
Baltimore, Md. 

" Preaching Out of a Hole " 


i77. The Kingdom in Our Midst 
One of the outstanding notes of Jesus' message was 
the certainty with which he spoke of God's coming 
kingdom. His prayer for the disciples was, " Thy 
kingdom come. Thy [fatherly] will be done on earth 
as it is in heaven." That was the burden of his life, of 
his labors, and his interests. He spoke of the kingdom 
as coming and also as present already. " I shall not 
drink from henceforth of the fruit of the vine until the 
kingdom of God shall come," said he. Yet he said: 
" The kingdom of God is within you " (in the midst of 
you). At least one hundred and twelve references are 
made to the kingdom in the gospels. And from a study 
of them it seems perfectly clear that Jesus thought of 
the kingdom as both coming and yet already then pres- 
ent. The parable of the leaven presents the idea of the 
kingdom as coming; it is a leavening force which is in- 
visible, silent, inward, yet contagious. The parable of 
the mustard seed also presents the idea of the kingdom 
as coming ; it has vitality and expansion in it. Yet even 
these very parables take for granted the fact that the 
kingdom is already present; else how could it be a 
leavening force or as a growing plant? 

Jesus seemed burdened with the desire to make the 
disciples feel that they were to be the leavening force 
of the kingdom, that they were to be the salt and the 
light. From their living was to radiate the gospel of 
love which was to be the most contagious thing in all 
the world. It was to permeate society and regenerate 
and reclaim life. And indeed it has done that very 
thing. Not only has it spread from individuals to indi- 
viduals, resulting in men " born from above," but it has 
permeated human life and society. Witness the fact 
that hospitals, as well as all humanitarian institutions, 
are an outgrowth of that impulse in the heart of the 
Master; in fact, of the Father himself. Witness ef- 
forts in national and international life to inject good- 
will and human welfare as major concerns. Indeed, we 
can not say of the kingdom : " Lo, it is here, or lo, it is 
there, for it cometh not with observation." 

Contrary to this teaching, which seems so unmistaka- 
bly clear in the teaching of the Master, there are those 
who teach another doctrine. Based upon passages 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


from Daniel or Revelation, or such a passage as that 
of Matthew 24, they teach that the kingdom can 
and will only come in the future. Yet in such a passage 
as that of Matthew 24 they seem to overlook the fact 
that Christ clearly said, " Verily I say unto you, This 
generation shall not pass away till all these things be 
accomplished." This passage is not only to be found 
in Matthew, but as well in Mark and Luke. 

It seems to me that some dangers are inevitable as a 
result of this teaching. It creates a hopeless despond- 
ency over world betterment. Everything is useless that 
is done to build the kingdom of heaven on earth, since 
it can only come after this present world has been de- 
stroyed. Hence, why shall we worry or labor to try to 
build the kingdom on earth? Yet Jesus prayed and la- 
bored : " Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done on 
earth as it is in heaven." It seems clear that the pur- 
pose of the parables of the leaven and of the mustard 
seed were given to the disciples for the express purpose 
of creating hope in the disciples' hearts. They could 
not see any hope of building the kingdom on earth, for 
they were eternally thinking of a temporal kingdom. 
Recall, also, that Paul wrote his second letter to the 
church at Thessalonica because he had reports that they 
were idle, awaiting the immediate coming of their Lord. 
Paul warned them that his coming might not be as soon 
as they expected ; hence, they better labor. 

A second danger in this teaching of which I spoke is 
this, that it seems to me to be untrue to Christ's teach- 
ing on the presence and growth of the kingdom. He 
spoke and taught of the kingdom not as something far 
removed, but as something immediately present in 
germal form, for which to labor with all the efforts of 
a child of the Father. Indeed, children of the Father 
are the only channels through which God works that 
this kingdom may be made to come. 

The Christian task then, as I see it, is to be the light 
and the salt and the leaven in the process of bringing 
the kingdom of God as a reality among men. Ours is 
the task so to labor, live, and pray that indeed his king- 
dom may come on earth. Religion for today should 
call us to make the kingdom more and more a reality. 
That task requires labor for individual salvation. The 
need is still, " Ye must be born anew." But, as well, in 
the social, political, and economic life of the world we 
must make his kingdom more and more a coming reali- 
ty. Because his message was love, therefore we right- 
fully labor for international peace and brotherhood. 
Because his message was brotherhood, we rightfully 
labor for economic justice. Because his message was 
righteousness, we rightfully plead for Christian social 
life. It is but the transforming message of our Christ 
in all of our life ; it is but a part of the leavening work 
of the coming kingdom. 

Chicago, III. 

Jobs for Ministers 


The writer was present at a recent conference of minis- 
ters of several different denominations held in Birmingham, 
Ala. The question of unemployment among ministers was 
freely discussed. As usual, at a conference of this nature, 
the causes were discussed pro and con. The writer was not 
an accredited delegate, only an interested listener, there- 
fore had nothing to say. There were as many contributing 
causes, according to the discussion, as there have been of- 
fered for the present depression, also as many different 
remedies suggested. The cause most prominent in the dis- 
cussion was " Lack of money," and the remedy most popu- 
lar was, " Urge our people to sacrifice, give more of their 
means." Many deplored the fact that thousands of young 
men have gone in debt heavily, in some cases, to their re- 
spective denominations, in preparing for the ministry. Now 
they are without work, some arrangement must be made 
for work for them in order that they may meet their finan- 
cial obligations. Now, I do not desire to be critical, but 
that word " minister," if only some delegate had risen to his 
feet and defined it ! If it had only been defined for the 
young men before they began their preparation for the min- 
istry ! I kept thinking of another Minister who said, " Even 
as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to 
minister, and to give his life a ransom for many " (Matt. 
20: 28). I could not help but wonder if we ministers have 
really learned the true spirit of the One who spoke the 
above words? I had just viewed a line of underclothed, 
underfed men and women waiting in line, in the rain, for 
a half loaf of bread and a bowl of thin soup. I had just re- 
turned from visits in homes of tenant farmers that were 
cold and the occupants underclothed. In one of those 
homes, a Christian woman was sick in bed. When we left 
she left a dime in my hand as an offering to the Lord. At 
the conference, all we ministers were well clothed, seated in 
a warm room, well ventilated, with a steaming dinner await- 
ing us in the kitchen of the building, and the discussion 
was around money, not around service, ministry. The question 
kept running through my mind — no, not running through, it 
entered and abode there, it is there yet, I can not get rid of it, I 
pray that I may not. Have we ministers, forgotten, or have 
we ever learned to "walk by faith and not by sight"? The 
writer recently received no less than a dozen letters from 
as many different ministers, requesting that I assist in try- 
ing to locate work for them (all of these from men in our 
own denomination), and with only one exception they men- 
tioned money, salary, but not one word about opportunity 
for service. Can not we ministers believe God ? He says : 
" Seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and 
all these things shall be added." Do we believe this? 

The writer has just returned from Oneonta, Ala. This is 
the fourth meeting we have assisted in there. There we 
have learned to know, admire and love a real minister in the 
person of Eld. Edward Culler. Bro. Culler and a few faith- 
ful coworkers have labored there for about seventeen years, 
making their living with their own hands, laboring some- 
times against what seemed to be impossible odds. They are 
poorer, financially, than they were seventeen years ago, yet 

richer than if they had a thousand King Solomon mines. 
Our Heavenly Father, through them has built a church, 

second to none in spiritual power in the entire Brother- 
hood. The minister's life has counted, he has not only 
preached and ministered, but he has lived Christ among his 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

people. As a result, the people come to services to hear the 
message of Christ, and many accept and act on it. During 
the meeting just closed, people, young and old, walked as 
much as six miles through rain, over muddy roads to hear 
the message of Christ. At the close of the meeting twenty- 
five were baptized, " put on Christ," and others await bap- 
tism. I wonder if the best way, the most effective way, to 
teach our people to sacrifice is not by setting the example of 
ministering. You know it is said that " Like begets like." 
Nocona, Tex. » » » 

Physical Activities Here and There 

(Continued From Page 12) 

day from the date of dedication. Two new locations 
were considered, one at Eighth and Thompson Streets 
and the other on Marshall Street, below Girard Avenue, 
the choice falling on the latter. 

The agreement for its purchase, including a dwelling 
damaged by fire, called for $7,600, but at settlement Sarah 
Middleton, the owner, allowed $ 1 00 as a gift to the 

church $ 7,500.00 

Semple & Leffert for rebuilding the burnt house 2,000.00 
Their bid Oct. 7, 1872, for building the 

church adjoining 10,200.00 

Interior equipment, furnishings, and extras. . . . 2,567.16 

Total, including a mortgage of $3,000 and 

$1,300 on promissory notes $22,267.16 

The operating expenses here fell far short of $1,000 
a year. 

March 12, 1888, the Board considered the sale of the 
church and the purchase of a lot with a stone chapel al- 
ready built at Twenty-second Street and Montgomery 
Avenue. This purchase fell through. The sale, how- 
ever, was made March 11, 1890, to Frederick Taylor 
Post, G. A. R., for $13,500 — a material loss, while the 
sale at Crown Street represented a good profit. 

June 2, 1890, the Board confirmed the pur- 
chase of ground at Carlisle and Dauphin 
Streets at the approximate cost of $ 8,900.00 

Nine bids for the erection of the church build- 
ing covered a wide range up to $1 7,665.00. 
The offer of Clarke & Fluke of Sept. 30, 
1890, was accepted for 8,732.00 

Considerable was contributed in the way of 
carpets, stained glass and memorial windows, 
but the furnishings and fixtures for which 
cash was paid amounted to 2,295.43 

Bringing the total outlay to $19,927.43 

Isaiah G. Harley, Daniel R. Hanawalt and Isaac Huns- 
berger were appointed a committee "to advise plans and 
submit them for action." One of the committee was 
opposed to an "architect as unnecessary. But the breth- 
ren were beginning to lean a little more to the artistic, 
howbeit they resolved " that neatness and plainness be 
aimed at as against vanity and extravagance." They 
considered a plan of Benj. D„ Price, architect, showing 
a steeple. This was strenuously opposed. A modified 
steeple was drawn which met equal opposition, and he 
was asked to make an additional drawing for a tower 

without the steeple. This he positively refused, saying 
" no money could tempt me to spoil my own work by 
making any change in my original drawing — if you 
want a plan of a plain Dunker church for $75 more I 
will give you one." The rise necessary to make the 
architectural scheme a success called for an elevation 
at the corner. Some would not stand for an elevation. 
Daniel R. Hanawalt contended that later on an eleva- 
tion would be wanted and insisted that the foundation 
remain as designed to provide for it. On this compro- 
mise the contention rested. The wisdom of his fore- 
sight was subsequently revealed, as the tower was 
erected fourteen years later when the extension was 
made to the church in 1905. 

Fluke, of Clarke & Fluke, contractors, died during the 
construction. A possible complication and additional 
expense was narrowly averted by the timely remark of 
John W. Cathers at a Board meeting June 16, 1891, that 
he had been told by the attorney of the widow Fluke 
to notify the Board of Trustees that when final settle- 
ment was made under the contract it must be consum- 
mated in his presence and that he would hold the church 
responsible for any sum due the Fluke estate in case 
settlement with Clarke was not satisfactory. 

On July 20, 1891, the creation of a mortgage of $2,- 
500 on the church building was authorized to provide 
funds for the balance of the contract price which the 
church at the moment was not able to raise. Each of 
the three meetinghouses carried a mortgage. It is com- 
forting to know that the church has long since been 
free of this burden. 

Jan. 31, 1876, Jacob Spanogle reported a lot of 
ground on Marshall Street offered for sale by its owner, 
John Goodyear ; that the Brotherhood needed a publish- 
ing house ; that Philadelphia was the best place for it, 
and he proposed to make it a stock company, the shares 
to be ten dollars each. A Committee consisting of Jesse 



What! a new year just ahead! Yes, 1933 — 

Untouched, unmarred, and full to the brim for me. 

Now what can I do with 1933? 

I'll have to live it, I can't discard it, 

For it's not man-made, you know : 

I can treat it well, or fill it with ill, 

I can scorn, or joy at will, 

But I dare not forget, I am not alone, as through the 

year I go; 
So I shall resolve with a purpose true, 
To keep the year clean, as I can, clear through 
By following the Golden Rule. 

I shall seek for the happiness that grows with time, 
And search for the jewels of life sublime; 
" Others " shall be my motto then, 
And I'll bury myself in service for men. 
Sabetha, Kans. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


P. Hetric, Jacob Spanogle, Jacob T. Myers, Isaiah G. 
Harley, and John S. Thomas, was appointed to organize 
under the name of the " Brethren Publishing House." 
This plan never matured, but it shows the deep interest 
manifested by these brethren, especially Jacob T. 
Myers, towards providing adequate facilities for han- 
dling the literature of the Brotherhood. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Christianity and Wealth 


Wealth is outward means of well-being. Its es- 
sential meaning is welfare ; it pertains to money and 
other outward goods. It is an Anglo-Saxon word mean- 
ing " well " while its synonym, riches, comes from the 
Latin rego, " I rule." The German word for the latter 
word is reichtum. Riches means worth including spir- 
itual and material possessions. Both terms include 

Money is an important factor in man's well-being. 
His attitude toward material wealth influences his char- 
acter and shapes his destiny. The right attitude to 
money such as enriches the soul and leads to the true 
riches is portrayed in the Bible by the great teacher, 
Jesus Christ. 

The worldly, non-Christian view of man's relation to 
wealth is ownership. The Christian view of the same 
relation is stewardship. Wealth is inanimate, soulless ; 
nevertheless it represents power, being an instrument to 
bless or curse. Only a Christian can handle wealth 
properly and profitably. It is liable to become a god 
to the godless, whereas to the righteous it has the power 
of becoming a great good. Its use reacts on the user. 
What will its reaction be on you? 

Paul says : " The love of money is the root of all 
evil." If we trace our present day evils, can we dis- 
cover the love of money lying at their root? Take the 
evil of the liquor traffic whether legalized or outlawed. 
The violators of the Eighteenth Amendment are law- 
breakers, unpatriotic citizens to the extent that they 
seek the wealth of the iniquitous business regardless of 
consequences. Some may be moved by an uncurbed 
appetite for alcoholic beverages. Graft, political cor- 
ruption, prostitution, burglary, banditry, robbery, gam- 
bling, etc., grow out of a sinful attitude toward wealth. 

" Let no man seek his own but every man another's 
wealth " or good (1 Cor. 10: 24). This language does 
not sanction the thief or bank bandit's conduct. It is 
not an exhortation to selfishness ; rather to benevolence. 
Is there any one anywhere who can not find an oppor- 
tunity these days to seek another's welfare? If this 
Bible teaching were carried out for one month, our gen- 
eral prosperity would quickly return. 

Can we infer then that the sure remedy for world- 

wide poverty is Christianity ? " But Christ did not 
abolish poverty. Not every Christian is rich," you say. 
No one has seen the time when everyone took the right 
attitude toward wealth. This remedy has never been 
honestly and completely tried. There are too many so- 
called Christians who hold the pagan attitude toward 
wealth. Universal selfishness is the world-wide barrier 
to the effective application of Christianity to the world's 

The resources of the earth are ample to supply all 
human needs if properly distributed. Man's ingenuity 
when applied to these natural resources would meet the 
needs of the increasing population. Christianity would 
not only cure poverty, but also regenerate man's heart 
so that crime of all sorts would cease ; diseases would be 
greatly reduced if not wholly abolished ; divorce would 
not wreck homes ; fear, anger, hatred, jealousy, un- 
belief, covetousness could no longer occupy men's 
hearts and paradise would be restored to earth. 

Physical and mental health is great wealth. Sin only 
can mar or destroy it. A living faith in Jesus Christ 
and pardon from sin is priceless, inestimable riches — 
yea, the true riches non-purchasable, imperishable, only 
inheritable as a result of true sonship of God. In the 
saved state, the child of God is rich because he is heir 
to all the resources of the universe and his soul is con- 
stantly growing rich toward God. The soul's riches 
consist in freedom from sin, in a knowledge of the 
truth, in short, in eternal life. 

In ancient times there were ideal rich men who pos- 
sessed riches, and yet were not enslaved and cursed by 
them. Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver and 
gold. Of David it is said that at his death he was full 
of days, riches and honor. Job numbered his cattle by 
the thousands and was called the greatest man of the 
East. One of the Christian women of apostolic his- 
tory, Dorcas, by name, was full of good works and alms 

Jesus taught the disciples the impossibility of serving 
God and mammon. He gave them his example of how 
to serve God and make money not an end but a means 
to right ends only. He vividly illustrated the dangers 
of riches and the difficulty of a rich man to enter God's 
kingdom. He uttered the parable of the talents to il- 
lustrate that riches are given to man as a trust and that 
he is responsible for the way in which he discharges 
this responsibility in their use. Men differ in ability to 
make proper use of money ; so the Creator should not 
be criticized for partiality in distributing his gifts un- 
equally. If every one at birth were given a thousand 
dollars to start out in life, it would not be five years un- 
til their condition in life would be as unequal as it is 
today. Some would spend it immediately ; others would 
invest it and become rich and masters of their fortune. 

(Continued 0:1 Page 24) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


Night Thoughts 


Alone here in the night I sit 
And watch the hours go by, 
When night is at its darkest 
And no moon is in the sky. 

I do not mind these hours at night, 
Tho* shadows 'round me creep; 
For at the dawning I behold 
This human world that's been asleep. 

There dawns another day to bring 
New life to those who wait, 
And yonder rises morning's King, 
His round and crimson face sedate. 

I do not care how dark the hours 
May be that fill the night, 
For why should we the darkness dread 
When dawn will bring us light? 

Connellsville, Pa. 

■ ♦ ■ 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime 


Chapter 2 

At the sound of Hagar's approaching footstep, Bruce 
Weston rose hastily and started to leave the room. He 
had no desire that her prying eyes should discover how 
disturbed he was over Jinny's sudden departure. But 
he was not to escape so easily. 

Taking the liberty of an old servant, Hagar called 
after him, " Marse Bruce, will yo' all be heah fo' 

Without turning his head, he answered, " Yes, 
Hagar. I don't go out until day after tomorrow. I'll 
let you know." Hoping to avoid further questioning, 
he hurried on and sought the privacy of his own room. 
Jinny's letter lay sprawled beside the chair where he 
had let it fall. He picked it up and reread the closing 

"I've had them all to myself, father. I xeant you to get 
acquainted with the children. Run doTvn to the college occa- 
sionally for a v>eek-end and surprise the girls. It would 
please them a lot." 

" Get acquainted with the children !" he exploded an- 
grily. " When a father has been handing out checks all 
these years to support his family and then some one 
says he hasn't done his part by the children ! Haven't I 
given them a good home ? Didn't I write a check three 
weeks ago to cover a whole term's college expenses for 
Marilyn and Alice ? And Tom — didn't I see him grad- 
uate last year with honors? Didn't I use my influence 
starting him in with Hubert & Hayward, Attorneys at 

For a long time he sat there arguing in self-defense, 
from which he received little consolation. For out of 
the past came a grave reminder chiding him anew with 
Jinny's words : " Father, you don't spend enough time 
with the children." How well he remembered how he 
had quieted her fears with a jovial laugh. " They're 
doing fine under your care and supervision, mother. I 
see nothing to worry about, if I pay the bills." 

" Yes, yes, I know, father," Jinny had answered. 
" Money is very necessary to keep a family, but the 
children need something more from a parent than mere 
money. They need most of all sympathetic understand- 
ing and companionship. I've always thought it was a 
short measure love that gives only gifts and never gives 

At last he rose and strode from the room. Passing 
down the hall, he opened the door of Tom's room and 
stepped inside. The room was strangely bare, the only 
evidence of recent occupancy was an old, faded necktie 
hanging limply across a rack. Catching sight of a tiny 
piece of paper pinned to the end of the tie, Mr. Weston 
scanned the lines wonderingly. 

"Please leave this hang. I Teant something to slay in the 
room just as Tom left it." 

He started back in dismay. " Tom again ! Yes, she 
said he had gone, but where? Why didn't they write 
and tell me?" Suddenly he began fumbling in his 
pockets. His face reddened as he drew forth an un- 
opened letter. He remembered now that it had come 
just as he was leaving for an important engagement, 
and then had been forgotten in the anticipation of the 
trip home. 

Yes . . . there Tom was married . . . 
and there was the new address standing out in bold re- 
lief . . . 1542 Maple Road. 

" How'd the young rascal manage to get in that new 
part of town?" he mused. Suddenly a great over- 
powering hunger to see Tom swept through his soul — 
to see him master of his own house — to hear from his 
own lips all about his work. Yes, Tom was her child 
too. He would be getting closer to Jinny if he went to 
see their son. 

Forgetting the lateness of the hour, he slipped into 
his coat and hurried downstairs and out into the night. 
Two blocks away a street car rumbled to a noisy pause 
and he slid gravely into a rear seat. He watched the 
trolley grind past myriads of twinkling lights winking 
a cheery welcome through the October gloom. A 
strange loneliness swept through his heart. None of 
these lights gleamed a welcome for him. Long since ac- 
customed to substituting the lonely hotel room for com- 
forts of home, he now for the first time realized the 
magnitude of the blessing he had lost through twenty 
years of experience as a traveling salesman. 

Always wherever he traveled, Bruce Weston had 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


been conscious of a certain satisfaction — a joyous con- 
tentment. Jinny would keep the home fires burning. 
She was there to welcome him any day or hour that his 
work permitted a flying visit home. But now the 
hearthfire of her presence had gone out and he was 
alone. It mattered not that only a day or so remained 
until a limited train would bear him away to his chosen 
work. The sweet sense of well-being which filled his 
heart at the thought of home and loved ones, had van- 
ished with Jinny's sudden flight. 

" Get acquainted with the children," she had begged. 
A panic seized his heart. Alas, the responsibility of a 
family had been thrust upon his unwilling shoulders 
after all these years of shirking. With Jinny across 
the waters, the well-being of the children rested upon 

" Two blocks east and one north," directed the con- 
ductor as the car joggled haltingly to the end of the 
route. Bruce Weston buttoned his collar tighter about 
his neck and turned on a dimly lighted street. The few 
scattered houses stood dark and cold against the sky. 
He pressed on and turned north. The only house in the 
block, a tiny bungalow, lay dark and still beneath the 
feeble light of a street lamp. He paused beneath the 
pale glow of the lamp and glanced at his watch. 

" Ten-thirty !" he gasped in amazement and turned 
quickly to retrace his steps to the trolley. As he waited 
for the passengers to alight, a familiar voice caught his 
ear. He glanced quickly toward a young couple moving 
out the door. It was Tom and Betty. 

" Oh, Tom, it's too good to be true to think that not 
far away our own cozy nest is waiting for us." 

" So it is dear, and I guess if it hadn't been for moth- 
er, it wouldn't be true." 

" No wonder it is so sweet, built with your mother's 
own cakes," murmured the little bride. 

" Tom !" Mr. Weston thought he had shouted aloud, 
but the engrossed couple moved briskly away and gave 
no heed. He stared after them moodily. 

" Step lively there, sir," warned the conductor, half 
pushing the lone passenger into the vestibule. 

" If it hadn't been for mother." Tom's words rang 
in his ears. What did he mean? Another pang! If 
Tom needed money why didn't he come to his father? 
And what did Tom's pretty bride mean about a house 
being built from cakes? Had Jinny been — oh, no, not 
that after the way he had provided for her. Surely a 
proud Virginian would not stoop to such a menial task ! 
And yet—" 

So engrossed was he in his thoughts that he allowed 
himself to be carried past the street. He retraced the 
distance slowly. A dim light burned in the hall. Some- 
how the dull glow seemed to mark the depths to which 
his spirits had fallen since his arrival in the city that 
afternoon. He hung his hat and coat in the hall closet 

and slowly mounted the stairs. The coals of a dying 
fire lay smouldering on the hearth. He switched on the 
light and began preparations for the night. Suddenly 
the sound of a footstep caused him to start nervously. 
A door latch clicked softly at the end of the hall. 

He waited uncertainly. " Surely Hagar is not up 
and about at this late hour," he thought, slipping into 
his lounging robe. 

The latch clicked again and footsteps approached. 
He threw open the door and flooded the hall with light. 

" Father !" A frightened voice stammered hoarsely. 

" Marilyn! Daughter, what does this mean?" he de- 
manded, sternly eyeing the trim dark figure standing 
with a suitcase in each gloved hand. 

" I-^-I didn't know you were here. I — I had moth- 
er's message today and came home to get some things. 
Jack brought me over. Didn't you see his car in 
front ?" Marilyn's eyes fell before the penetrating gaze 
fixed upon her. 

" Marilyn, tell me the truth. What was your real 
purpose in coming here after your mother's departure?" 

" I told you I came after some clothes," she insisted. 

"Clothes?" he repeated, wonderingly. "Don't you 
have enough for ordinary occasions?" 

" Yes," confessed the girl, hesitatingly, " for ordinary 
occasions but I — I may as well tell you. I'm going to 
be married." 

Nappanee, Ind. (To Be Continued) 

Women's Nook — World's Day of Prayer 

March 3, 1933 


In these troubled times it seems expedient that Chris- 
tians everywhere make a special effort to draw near to 
God. There is a certain thrill and sense of satisfaction 
as we think of God's faithful ones making a complete 
chain of prayer around the world. This year the World 
Day of Prayer, which occurs annually on the first Fri- 
day in Lent, comes on March 3. Every group of wom- 
en in our brotherhood will want to assemble for prayer 
and meditation on this very important day. The Lord 
will pour out blessings upon us if we put ourselves in a 
position to receive them. 

The program, based on the theme " Follow Thou 
Me," was prepared by Mrs. Chen of Shanghai, China, 
who is chairman of the National Committee of the Y. 
W. C. A. of China and a member of the executive com- 
mittee of the National Christian Council of China. 
When Mrs. Chen sent the program to the American 
committee she wrote : " It is a very simple program. 
The prayers are my own daily ones. . . . China is 
in trouble. The troubles come one after another. I be- 
lieve it is due to the fact that we have not enough 

(Continued on Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

Christianity and Wealth 

(Continued From Page 21) 

Jesus taught that poverty is not essential to right- 
eousness nor wealth incompatible with goodness. Al- 
though Jesus was poor from a monetary standpoint, yet 
poverty is not a virtue nor riches an evil. Riches sub- 
ject men to powerful temptations ; they incline their 
possessors to forget God and put their trust in their 
wealth. They are fleeting and uncertain, deceptive and 
disappointing. Spiritual riches are enduring, unsearcha- 
ble, and can be discovered only by spiritual vision. 

What are riches for? What is anything for? In 
primitive times money was unknown. People supplied 
their needs by barter and trading. As society became 
complex, a medium of exchange was invented for con- 
venience in exchanging services for necessities. Wealth 
multiplied and became an object of avarice. The abuses 
of wealth have corrupted men's hearts, and brought 
economic and moral ruin. Properly utilized and di- 
rected by hands and hearts devoted to God's will, it may 
be a rich blessing. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

Why Every Sensible Man Should Be a 


Man in his natural state is in a lost condition and 
needs a Savior (Rom. 3: 23). Jesus is the Savior he 
needs (Rom. 6: 23; also Acts 4: 12 and Isa. 53: 6). 
He should accept Christ because of God's great love 
shown by the gift of his Son (John 3: 16). "God is 
not willing that any should perish, but that all should 
come to repentance" (2 Peter 3:9). 

He should be a Christian too because of the love 
shown by Christ for the lost. He was willing to lay 
aside the glory he had with the Father. " Let this mind 
be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus : who, being 
in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal 
with God ; but made himself of no reputation, and took 
upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the 
likeness of men : and being found in fashion as a man, 
he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, 
even the death of the cross" (Philpp. 2: 5-8.) "He 
came unto his own, and his own received him not. But 
as many as received him, to them gave he power to be- 
come the sons of God, even to them that believe on his 
name" (John 1: 11-12). 

Every sensible man should realize the company with 
which he is classed and his final destiny. " The fearful, 
and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, 
and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all 
liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth 
with fire and brimstone " (Rev. 21 : 8). 

God has said that he will not hear the prayer of those 
who continue in sin. " If I regard iniquity in my heart, 
the Lord will not hear me " (Psa. 66: 18). God hears 
one who is seeking light. The keeper of the prison of 
Acts 16, was a sinner. When he was convicted, he 
cried : " What must I do to be saved ?" Paul answered : 
" Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be 
saved" (Acts 16: 31). 

" Every one of us shall give account of himself to 
God " (Rom. 14: 12). We are without excuse. "These 
are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the 
Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might 
have life through his name " (John 20: 31). It is our 
privilege to know that" we are saved. " These things 
have I written unto you that believe on the name of the 
Son of God ; that ye may know that ye have eternal 
life" (1 John 5: 13 ; John 3 : 36). 

Virden, III. 



Being a Messenger reader for at least forty years, I take 
pleasure in offering a word of congratulation for the splen- 
did religious journal published by our people. 

During the years we have noticed the changes in the 
paper adapting the writing to the needs of the times. We 
might venture to give some of the high points in some of 
the recent numbers which might be interesting. 

In the Messenger for Dec. 17 I noted such articles as : 
Respect the Violator, Will the World Recover? The Fare- 
well Sermon, Dynamic Preaching, Without Money and 
Without Price. These, with other splendid reading matter, 
give food for right thinking. 

We wonder how members can get along without The 
Gospel Messenger. Perhaps a splendid resolution for the 
coming year for the promotion of our missionary activities 
at home and abroad would be the slogan — the Messenger 
into every Brethren home. M. F. King. 

Ridgely, Md. 

Number Three 

Answering a rap at our door one day, an unfamiliar voice 
said: "Does Miss Holderread live here?" and there stood 
the expressman with a good sized box which he deposited 
on the kitchen floor. We could scarcely wait until we had 
time to open it, for we were curious to know what was in- 
side. However, both of us had Chinese women to teach that 
afternoon, hence must wait until evening to have our curi- 
osity satisfied. 

On arriving home in the evening we decided that I would 
get our supper ready while Miss Holderread opened the box. 
She borrowed a hatchet from one neighbor, and a hammer 
from another and by using some good arm power the box 
was finally opened. I sat down to help unpack and amidst 
the " ohs " and " ahs " as each article was brought forth, 
I let the potatoes burn. That was a small matter however, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


for we almost forgot about supper in our interest in the 
contents of the box. 

The box came from Greenville, Ohio, where Bro. Roy 
Honeyman is the pastor, and it contained articles made in 
their Vacation school which we will use at Christmas time 
among our Chinese women and children. There were Bible 
pictures in pretty frames, vases, some pretty toys, scrap 
books, dolls in little beds, etc., and while we were so happy 
over them we could imagine the joy and happiness they will 
bring to the Chinese. Some Sunday-school classes from 
other churches have sent us pretty books made from Sun- 
day-school papers, scrap books and pictures which will be 
used for the same purpose. Thank you dear coworkers. 
Thank you, Father, and may you richly bless all the givers. 
Praise the Lord! We will tell you the rest of this story 
after Christmas. Allie Eisenbise. 

Chicago, 111. 



Oneonta. — Oct. 28 a series of evangelistic meetings began at this 
place conducted by Bro. Fred E. Maxey, evangelist from Texas. The 
subject of the first message was, The Book. Following this great 
subject, thirty-one other soul-stirring messages were brought to us. 
The meetings closed Nov. 20 with thirty-two conversions and conse- 
crations; twenty-three were received by baptism. One had been 
received formerly. Our love feast and the communion services were 
held Nov. 21. On Saturday following, the regular business meeting was 
held. We decided to repair the roofing on the church and to finish 
several class rooms in the basement. The juniors are increasing in 
number; under the instruction and teaching of Sister Culler they ren- 
der two splendid programs a month. The Christian Workers' meet- 
ing is progressing nicely. On the first and third Sundays, alternately, 
Bro. Jesse Adkins, recently installed into the ministry, and Bro. Culler 
bring us helpful sermons. On other Sundays we have Bible class 
with Bro. Culler as teacher. A goodly number attend the class and 
we are glad for the interest shown. — Gerthie Gerber, Oneonta, Ala., 
Dec. 20. 


Oakland. — Oct. 30 we joined with the churches of the city in a meet- 
ing at the municipal auditorium and heard Kathleen Norris and Chester 
Rowell speak against the repeal of the eighteenth amendment. Nov. 6 
we held our communion with Bro. Boaz officiating. Nov. 13 the eve- 
ning service was in charge of the boys' clubs. A group of boys from 
the Centennial Presbyterian church conducted an induction service for 
our boys of the Comrade club. Nov. 20 Kenneth Groff from the 


Brother and Sister J. C. 
Horsh live at Lincoln, 
Nebr. He celebrated his 
ninety-second birthday on 
Nov. 10, 1932, and she, 
her eighty-sixth on Nov. 
30, 1932. Their sixty- 
fourth wedding anniver- 
sary was Nov. 22. 

They have been loyal, 
faithful members of the 
Church of the Brethren 
for sixty years and are 
always in their places at 
services, the weather 
permitting. Frequently, 
if Sister Horsh can not 
attend, Bro. Horsh 
walks, a distance of 
about sixteen blocks. 

Y. P. D. gave an interesting talk on the Laymen's Work in the Church. 
Through the generosity of the Waterford, Elk Creek and Live Oak 
churches the Aid Society was able to distribute about sixteen baskets 
of food this Thanksgiving. The three adult Sunday-school classes, 
primary department and Comrade club each gave a basket of food 
also. The two groups of women are meeting regularly making com- 
forters and articles of clothing to be given to the needy. Three chil- 
dren were received into the church by baptism Dec. 4. Three of our 
members have been called by death since our last report. Over a 
year ago the Loyal Workers secured dime cards and distributed them 
to the three adult Sunday-school classes. At a social Dec. 9 these cards 
were collected and quite a substantial amount was taken in which was 
applied toward our pastor's salary. — Mary Heisel Woody, Oakland, 
Calif., Dec. 19. 

Rio Linda. — At the quarterly business meeting all officers were 
elected for the coming year: Bro. J. R. Wine, elder; Bro. John Whip- 
ple, trustee; Sister Helen Fisher, clerk; church correspondent and 
Messenger agent, the undersigned. The Sunday-school officers were 
chosen Sept. 11 with Bro. Lee Whipple, superintendent. Our revival 
meetings will begin in January with Bro. J. R. Wine in charge. Our 
Sisters' Aid is busy preparing bedding for the needy of our vicinity. 
We give all members a hearty invitation to visit the Rio Linda church. 
— Mrs. Levi Fisher, Rio Linda, Calif., Dec. 20. 


Lakeland.— Our pastor, Bro. S. Ira Arnold, began a series of evangel- 
istic meetings on Thanksgiving evening and closed with a love feast 
Dec. 10 with Bro. B. F. Lightner officiating. Splendid crowds were in 
attendance to see Bro. Arnold's beautiful chalk pictures, accompanied 
by favorite hymns, given preceding the sermon. These services were 
helpful and inspiring to all who attended. Sister Arnold gave the 
children a story each evening; many of these were about India which 
were interesting to the adults as well as to the children. The 1933 
District Meeting was granted to Lakeland, to be held in Central Ave- 
nue school, one-fourth mile east of our church, which is not large 
enough for the occasion. We will have lodging and meals without 
going out of the building. The Lakeland church has also decided to 
have a love feast at the time of the District Meeting. Nov. 28 the 
district ministerial committee was with us and Bro. Arnold was chosen 
as our pastor. Sister S. W. Bail was licensed to preach for one year. 
Just recently two brethren from the north came to Lakeland and 
opened a large canning plant; they furnish employment for all our 
brethren and sisters who want work. — Mrs. J. S. Leckrone, Lakeland, 
Fla., Dec. 15. 


Mt. Morris. — We have been having some very interesting and suc- 
cessful group programs on Sunday evenings. The adults are using 
the Bible reading calendar and on Sunday discuss the reading of the 
week. The young people have a lively discussion group, while the 
intermediates and juniors are dramatizing Bible stories and parables. 
These group meetings are followed by worship service with congre- 
gational singing and expository sermons from Corinthians by our pas- 
tor. Our fall communion service was attended by an unusually large 
representation of members. Nov. 26 a group of Volunteers from Man- 
chester College gave us a program; two of the number were former 
Mt. Morris students. We greatly miss the fellowship and cooperation 
of the faculty and students this year. Dec. 9 a Christmas social was 
held with fifty-three young people present The party was sponsored 
by the B. Y. P. D. of which Everett Falconer is president. — Mrs. Rob- 
ert McNett, Mt. Morris, 111., Dec. 22. 

Yellow Creek. — The young people of the church gave a pageant, The 
Light Eternal, on Sunday evening, Dec. 18. The children's Christmas 
program will be given Dec. 25. Miss Evelyn Clair represented our 
church in the district contest (Prince of Peace) held at Byron, 111., 
Dec. 11. On Dec. 1 twenty men had a wood-cutting bee for the church. 
Bro. Geo. Frye donated the wood to be cut. The Ladies' Aid has been 
meeting regularly to do quilting and sewing. — Mrs. Perry O. Keltner, 
Pearl City, 111., Dec. 19. 


Beech Grove. — In October our B. Y. P. D. gave a good temperance 
program followed by a sermon by Bro. Moses Smeltzer which was 
greatly enjoyed. Thanksgiving Day Bro. E. O. Norris and wife began 
a three weeks' series of revival meetings. Four were baptized and 
one was reclaimed. Bro. Joseph Shepherd, a former minister, returned, 
for which we are very grateful. Beech Grove Aid elected officers 
Dec. 7, Sister Iva Berry being chosen president. We met in council 
Dec. 18. Sister Vernie Beaver was reelected Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. — Vernie Beaver, Pendleton, Ind., Dec. 17. 

Buck Creek.— On Nov. 20 Bro. J. S. Zigler of Goshen, Ind., began a 
revival which continued over three Sundays. He gave the Word with 
power and we believe the seed sown will bring its fruitage in due 
time. Dec. 10 we held our regular council meeting. Mollie Deardorff 
was elected Messenger agent and correspondent; Clarence Sheets, clerk; 
A. J. Replogle, treasurer; prayer meeting leader, W. H. Oxley. — Phebe 
E. Teeter, Mooreland, Ind., Dec. 17. 

North Winona church met in council Nov. 27. Sunday-school and 
church officers were elected to serve until Oct. 1. Bro. Price Bailey 
was reelected Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. Jones, elder. 
The church asked Brother and Sister Jones to conduct a revival to 
begin Feb. 12; they will be assisted by Ross McDonald, song leader. — 
Mrs. Harry Lozier, Warsaw, Ind., Dec. 19. 

(Continued on Page 28) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

Women's Nook — World's Day of Prayer 

(Continued From Page 23) 

Christlike men and women to handle the present situa- 
tion. Pray for us." The Call to Prayer has been pre- 
pared by Mrs. Ruth Muskrat Bronson of the Cherokee 
Indian tribe. Mrs. Bronson, a graduate of Mt. Holyoke 
College, is now doing work under the government In- 
dian office by helping graduates of government schools 
to adjust their lives to their home communities. The 
Call invites all people to unite in prayer fellowship on 
this World Day of Prayer and says to them : " Follow 
thou me in prayer, in service, in steadfastness, in sacri- 

The Call to Prayer is free. The price of the program 
" Follow Thou Me " is 2 cents ; $2 per hundred. Each 
participant in the service should be supplied with a pro- 
gram. A poster (11 by 17 inches) has been prepared. 
This shows a church with open doors inviting partici- 
pants to the World Day of Prayer. The price is 5 
cents. Order all supplies early from the General Mis- 
sion Board, Elgin, 111. 

Begin now to make your plans for this very impor- 
tant event. Much publicity should be given the service 
through the newspapers, posters in prominent places 
and in the pulpit. If there are groups that have not yet 
engaged in a World Day of Prayer service, do not hesi- 
tate to launch out this year in joining the Christian 
women of the world in prayer. Above all, pray earnest- 
ly that all may be willing to follow the Lord's command, 
" Follow Thou Me." 

Dallas Center, Iowa. 

more people of our churches to handle this industrial work 
in their Missionary or Aid Societies. I would be glad to 
send some of this work on approval to any congregation. 
Frederick, Md. Mrs. J. F. Danner. 

Information for Customers of Chinese Indus- 
trial Work 

The following is a report of the work for the first half of 

$600 was given to care for the tent work in Ping Ting dis- 
trict. Evangelists go with the tents to various strategic 
centers preaching and telling the good news of the kingdom. 
Thus many hungry and thirsty are touched and inquire for 
more of the Eternal Bread. 

A substantial sum was given to the hospital at Ping Ting 
for supplies and equipment, which they could not have got- 
ten otherwise. 

$450 was given to assist in the evangelistic work among 
the women in the Liao district. Without this sum many 
hundreds of women would have been deprived of the bless- 
ing of the good news of the One who came to earth to help 

$650 was used for six students (four young women and 
two men) who were sent to Bible Training Schools to pre- 
pare for evangelistic work. 

It is impossible to know the amount of good done, for its 
influence will go on through eternity. So you see how far 
your efforts reach when you buy these articles. There are 
many congregations already interested and hundreds of dol- 
lars' worth are being sold by them. I would like to urge 



A beautiful life of loyalty and service came to a close with 
the passing of Bro. Jonas Kaufman of Akron, Ohio. He 
was born in Johnstown, Pa., May 15, 1853, and passed away 

suddenly at his home 
Oct. 14, 1932. He was the 
son of Sem and Elizabeth 
Yoder Kaufman. He was 
married to Miss Lizzie L. 
Kauffman Nov. 15, 1883, 
and to this union were 
born three daughters and 
two sons, all of whom 

Bro. Kaufman united 
with the church in 1893 
and from that time on his 
life was truly a sermon 
to many. As long as he 
was able, he was always 
in his place at the weekly 
prayer service or any 
other meetings during 
the week, many times 
walking the distance of 
several miles from his home. Had he lived to attend Sun- 
day-school one more Sunday he would have completed sev- 
enteen years of perfect attendance. This was indeed a re- 
markable achievement for a man of seventy-nine years. 
This record was followed with much interest by many of 
his friends, both in Ohio and in the Pennsylvania churches. 
Funeral services were conducted by Bro. Ira E. Long and 
the body was laid to rest in Rose Hill cemetery at Mont- 
rose, Ohio. Edna L. Disler. 
Akron, Ohio. 


Bro. Joel H. Kinzie was born in Rocky Mount, Franklin 
County, Va., Dec. 18, 1856, and died in the Haxtun congre- 
gation, Colo., Dec. 16, 1932. He lacked two days of being 
seventy-six years old, and was buried on his birthday. He 
moved with his parents to Appanoose, Kans., when he was 
twelve years of age. He married Emily Ann Patterson and 
in 1891 they moved to Sterling, Colo. Later they home- 
steaded near Haxtun. The eight children born to this home 
are all living. Sister Kinzie passed on a year and a half ago. 
They have occupied a nice home in the town of Haxtun 
close by the church since 1919. Bro. Kinzie's home was a 
home for the members who came to Haxtun. 

The church called him to the deacon's office and later he 
was elected to the ministry. For several years he was alone 
in the ministry here. He was a man of fine qualities, willing 
to work at all times for the upbuilding of the church. He 
busied himself in helping the sick, aged, widows, and in fact 
wherever he saw an opportunity. He has left a monument 
in the lives of people that can not be effaced. 

His own pastor being ill, the M. E. pastor of Haxtun, Bro. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


B. F. Coulter, preached the funeral sermon. Thus the body 
of one of our western pioneers was laid away. The assur- 
ance is ours through faith that he is at home with the loved 
ones in glory. I. Q Snavely. 

Haxtun, Colo. 


Rose E. (Lieb) Hamilton was born at Elliottsville, Pa., 
Jan. 2, 1887, and passed to be with her Lord Nov. 30, 1932. 
She was the daughter of George and Jessie (Goodwin) Lieb. 
On Dec. 10, 1910, she was married 
to William E. Hamilton. To this un- 
ion three children were born, all of 
whom died in infancy. She leaves 
her husband, her mother, one sister, 
uncles, 'aunts and cousins. 

In November of 1910 she accepted 
Jesus Christ as her Savior and united 
with the Church of the Brethren. She 
was active with her husband in pas- 
toral work in Fostoria, Ohio, and in 
the Powell's Fort congregation, 
Shenandoah County, Va., and in mission work in the Brown- 
town Mission, Warren County, Va. 

In 1924 she and her husband entered Bethany Biblical 
Seminary for further preparation, where in the spring of 
1930 she graduated from the Teacher Training Course. Dur- 
ing her stay in Chicago she took part in the work in the 
Chinese Sunday-school, County Hospital, First Church Sun- 
day-school and in the Douglas Park Mission. 

Services were held in the First Church of the Brethren 
in Chicago by Elders James M. Moore and A. C. Wieand on 
Dec. 1, and at Morgantown, W. Va., by Eld. Obed Ham- 
stead, on Dec. 3. Burial in the Mt. Union cemetery with her 
babe near the church where she consecrated her life to God. 
Chicago, 111. Martha E. Lear. 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Powers-Williams.— By the undersigned on Nov. 23, 1932, at the home 
of the bride's parents, Bro. Wm. Powers, of Gove City and Sister 
Gladys Williams of Quinter, Kans.— D. A. Crist, Quinter, Kans. 

Riffey-Riffey.— By the undersigned Nov. 22, 1932, at the bride's home, 
Bro. Joseph Riffey and Sister Sarah Riffey— W. W. Blough, Olathe, 


Bankert, Isaiah P., born Sept. 27, 1883, died Dec. 14, 1932. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, two daughters, father, thirteen brothers and sisters. 
He had been troubled with a weak heart for a number of years. Serv- 
ices at the Black Rock church by N. S. Sellers and A. S. Baugher. 
Interment in the cemetery adjoining the church. — N. S. Sellers, Line- 
boro, Md. 

Beery, Mrs. Catharine, widow of Eld. P. H. Beery, was born near 
Kalida, Ohio, on Dec. 12, 1860, and died in Chicago on Nov. 8, 1932, 
aged 71 years. She was the daughter of Jacob and Sophronia Blosser. 
She was married to P. H. Beery on Jan. 2, 1887. To this union were 
born seven children. Four children and Bro. Beery preceded her in 
death. She united with the Church of the Brethren at Ladoga, Ind., 
in 1893 and loved and served the church faithfully. Just two weeks 
before her death she assisted her own mother in celebrating her 99th 
birthday. Her illness was of short duration. Her pastor, Eld. James 
M. Moore, anointed her and this service was a great comfort to her. 
She is survived by three children, her aged mother, three brothers and 

six sisters. Funeral services and burial took place at Covington, Ohio. 
— Neal Whitehead, Chicago, 111. 

Broach, Peter, son of Peter and Cynthia Broach, born in Richland 
County, Ohio, Aug. 26, 1851, died in the home of his son in Battle 
Creek, Mich., Dec. 16, 1932. He married Parthenia Alice Mellotte who 
died May 16, 1929. He became a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren many years ago and in that faith he died. He leaves two sons, 
daughter, two brothers and one sister. Funeral service by the writer 
in the Deshler church. Interment in the McComb cemetery. — J. L. 
Guthrie, Lafayette, Ohio. 

Brubaker, Nancy Catherine, born in Greenville, Tenn., Jan. 14, 1862, 
died Dec. 18, 1932. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 1880. 
She married Eld. H. T. Brubaker May 24, 1880. Eight children were 
born to this union, five of whom remain. Funeral services by the 
writer at the Olathe church. The following day the body was taken 
to Lyons, Kans., for burial. She led a consistent Christian life, mak- 
ing all necessary sacrifices so that her husband could attend to his 
various ministerial duties which frequently took him from home. — 
W. W. Blough, Olathe, Kans. 

Burget, Sister Annie, daughter of Daniel and Annie Shriver Rhodes, 
was born near Fredericksburg, Pa., March 12, 1864, and died Nov. 6, 
1932. She married Bro. Calvin B. Burget Sept. 3, 1885. Their home 
was established on a farm near her birthplace and her entire life 
was spent in this immediate community. She became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren when a girl and through all the years had 
been a faithful and active Christian. Her husband survives with three 
daughters, five sisters and two brothers. Funeral services in the 
Clover Creek church by Eld. M. J. Brougher assisted by Eld. C. O. 
Beery. Interment in the Brumbaugh cemetery.— Mrs. Mary E. Forn- 
walt, Martinsburg, Pa. 

Castle, Samuel B., born in Logansport, Ind., Oct. 28, 1849, died at his 
home in Lincoln, Nebr., Dec. 14, 1932. When fourteen years old he 
enlisted in the 128th Indiana Infantry, Company G, and served in the 
Civil War for over two years. Sept. 15, 1875, he married Mary David- 
son. In 1877 they moved to Nebraska, and in 1886 to Lincoln, where 
they have lived since. He worked for the Chicago and Northwestern 
Railroad for twenty-one years, retiring from service eleven years ago. 
In February of 1902 he became a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren at Lincoln and had kept the faith through all these .years. He 
leaves his wife, a daughter and her family and a grandson who has 
made his home with them. Funeral services in charge of the writer, 
followed by a short service in charge of the G. A. R. — Leonard Birkin, 
Lincoln, Nebr. 

Cox, Lovella May, daughter of Nelson and Eliza Barber, died near 
Eaton, Ind., Nov. 23, 1932, aged 49 years. She was a member of the 
Union Grove Church of the Brethren. She is survived by her husband, 
Bro. John E. Cox, and one daughter. Funeral services in the Union 
Grove church by Eld. W. Carl Rarick and Eld. I. E. Weaver. Burial 
in the union cemetery. — I. E. Weaver, Gaston, Ind, 

Cupp, Sister Mary Elizabeth, born in Butler County, Ohio, died 
Dec. 3, 1932, at Empire, Calif., aged 86 years, 11 months and 21 days. 
She married Wm. H. Cupp Sept. 1, 1870. To this union were born six 
children. She united with the Christian Church early in life. In 1885 
she and her husband were baptized into the Church of the Brethren 
and remained faithful members. She leaves one son, nine grandchil- 
dren, ten great-grandchildren and her sister-in-law, Ellen E. Cupp, 
with whom she had made her home for twenty-one years. Although 
blind for forty years her life was an inspiration to all who knew her. 
Funeral services in the Empire church by Eld. M. S. Frantz assisted 
by J. W. Deardorff. Interment in Modesto cemetery.— Minnie B. 
White, Empire, Calif. 

Dyer, Bennie Evard, son of Geo. and Maggie Dyer, born in Gallia 
County, Ohio, died at the home of his parents, in Fostoria, Dec. 17, 
1932, aged 27 years. He was a member of the Reformed Church. He 
is survived by his parents, two sons, three brothers and three sisters. 
Funeral services at the Church of the Brethren by Bro. Walter Swi- 
hart. Burial in Fostoria Fountain cemetery.— John W. Vet'ter, Fos- 
toria, Ohio. 

Gassert, Sister Sarah N., died Nov. 14, 1932, aged 87 years. She was 
a member of the Brethren Church for many years. Surviving are six 
sons, one daughter, thirty-six grandchildren, twenty-eight great-grand- 
children, two great-great-grandchildren and one sister. Services at 
Frystown by Eld. Ira Gibbel. Interment in adjoining cemetery.— 
Elizabeth Meyer, Myerstown, Pa. 

Gibbel, Jacob, son of the late Abraham and Sarah Deppen Gibbel, 
died Dec. 14, 1932, following a lingering illness, aged 52 years. In 1927 
he was elected to the deacon's office and some time later to the minis- 
try in which capacity he served as long as strength permitted. Sur- 
viving are his widow, Lizzie, nee Hostetter, two sons, two daughters, 
three brothers and three sisters. Services at Frystown house by Elders 
Jacob Miller and J. L. Myers. Burial in the adjoining cemetery.— 
Elizabeth Meyer, Myerstown, Pa. 

Gutshall, Bro. Solomon H., died at his home in Newville, Nov. 28, 
1932, aged 83 years. He is survived by his companion, son, daughter, 
grandson and three sisters. Funeral services from the home by Bro. 
Harper Snavely assisted by Bro. R. M. Flohr. Interment in the New- 
ville cemetery. — Mrs. John Cohick, Newville, Pa. 

Haynes, Edw. F., son of George and Susannah Haynes, born Aug. 13. 

1866, died Dec. 12, 1932. He married Lydia Lehner Aug. 21. 1890. to 

which union seven children were born. He united with the Church of 

(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

News From Churches 

(Continued From Page 25) 

Spring: Creek church met in members' meeting Dec. 5. The church 
officers were elected for the ensuing year: Elder, Bro. Moyne Landis; 
clerk, Bro. Lloyd Ross; Messenger agent, Sister Lona Poland; corre- 
spondent, Sister Ada Mishler. It was decided to have our revival 
some time in May, the meeting to be sponsored by our home ministers. 
— Alma E. Hanawalt, Pierceton, Ind., Dec. 17. 

White. — Bro. Ira Hiatt of Clay City will take charge of our revival 
beginning Dec. 26. He will be accompanied by his family. Church 
officers were elected at our December council. Trustees were also 
elected to take the places of the two whose time is expired. The 
Ladies' Aid held an all-day meeting at the home of Sister Silvia Cory 
Dec. 15 which was devoted to the celebration of Christmas. — E. Ber- 
nice Loveless, Clarks Hill, Ind., Dec. 20. 


Fernald church met in council Dec. 10. Bro. D. W. Wise was re- 
elected elder for three years. Bro. J. A. Wise is Sunday-school super- 
intendent. Our Africa share plan pledge is not due until April but we 
raised the full amount at the mission Sunday in December. The writer 
was reelected Messenger agent and correspondent, also mission secre- 
tary for the coming year. — Ruth Dadisman, Nevada, Iowa, Dec. 20. 

Libertyville church met in council Dec. 7. Church officers for the 
year were elected: Bro. Glenn Carr, elder; Nellie Ogden, clerk; the 
writer, Messenger correspondent. Sept. 5 Bro. Galen Lehman of Illi- 
nois started a two weeks' revival meeting and each night gave us an 
inspiring sermon. We held our love feast at the close of the meeting 
on Sept. 19. Three were baptized before the communion. The same 
evening the church held an election for deacons. The following breth- 
ren were chosen: J. E. Manning and J. Warren Davis; they with their 
wives were installed Sunday afternoon, Oct. 23, when we held our 
harvest meeting. Services were also held at the church Thanksgiving 
night. — Mrs. J. Warren Davis, Fairfield, Iowa, Dec. 16. 


Eden Valley.— Brother and Sister H. D. Michael of Larned, Kans., 
took up pastoral work here June 1, giving half of their time to Eden 
Valley and half to the Larned church where they have been in pas- 
toral work for about three years. The church met in council Oct. 10. 
All church officers were elected, Bro. E. S. Fox being reelected elder 
for another year. We held our love feast Nov. 13. Bro. Fox offi- 
ciated, assisted by Bro. Michael and G. W. Weddle. Our Sunday-school 
is growing under the leadership of Bro. G. G. Adamson who was re- 
elected for another year. The school has almost doubled in attendance 
in the last year. We joined with the churches of St. John in a union 
revival which closed Dec. 4 with Rev. Geo. L. Rose and wife as evan- 
gelists. ' About 160 came forward; some rededicated their lives anew, 
while others are transferring their letters of membership. Eden Valley 
rejoiced that fourteen of our number were among those who went 
forward; twelve have been baptized by our pastor, one rededicated her 
life, and one awaits baptism. Owing to the good feeling of fellowship 
among the members and the able leadership of Brother and Sister 
Michael, the outlook for the coming year is very encouraging. — W. H. 
Beaver, St. John, Kans., Dec. 18. 

Independence. — Bro. C. Ernest Davis, pastor of our church, began a 
series of meetings for us on Oct. 30, which closed with the love feast 
on Nov. 14. Bro. Davis preached soul- stirring sermons which were 
greatly appreciated. Two united with the church in baptism and one 
awaits the rite. — Mrs. J. L. Amos, Independence, Kans., Dec. 17. 

Wichita. — First church closed a two weeks' revival Dec. 5 held by 
Bro. C. Ernest Davis of Independence. The messages were delivered 
with great power, yet were simple enough so that children could 
understand. The meetings were well attended. Seven came out on the 
Lord's side, five young people and two adults. The meetings closed 
with a love feast. — Flora Highbarger, Wichita, Kans., Dec. 15. 


Roanoke. — Bro. O. H. Feiler of Perryton, Tex., conducted a spir- 
itual revival for us. The meetings opened Nov. 20 and continued 
through Dec. 5. The illustrated sermons, The Life of Christ and Faith, 
were greatly appreciated. Bro. Feiler especially expressed his appre- 
ciation of the large group of young people who attended each eve- 
ning. Special music was given by the young people. The song serv- 
ices were very enjoyable. Bro. Feiler's forceful and inspirational mes- 
sages were enjoyed by all. Two accepted Christ and were baptized. 
Dec. 6 the church met in a love feast. Bro. Feiler was with us, also 
Brother and Sister Wilbur Liskey of Rosepine who were on their way 
to California where they will assume the pastorate of the Live Oak 
church. The Roanoke church feels that it has been greatly helped 
and inspired by Bro. Feiler's presence and messages. Two others 
have been baptized since our last report. — Edith Longanecker, Roanoke, 
La., Dec. 19. 


Long-meadow. — During the month of November we held an evangel- 
istic service in charge of Bro. John Rowland of Huntingdon, Pa. The 
services were especially well attended and the membership was spirit- 
ually benefited. As a result two were added to the church. Our com- 
munion came as a climax to the meeting. Bro. Rowland officiated 
with Brethren D. R. Petre, John Weybright, J. O. Butterbaugh, E. S. 

Rowland and H. R. Rowland assisting. On Thanksgiving Bro. Harold 
Snyder delivered a timely message. On this occasion the B. Y. P. D. 
had charge of the worship service. — Pauline Rowland, Hagerstown, 
Md., Dec. 20. 

Grand Rapids. — The Men's Work organization is progressing slowly. 
Some things have been accomplished that give us courage to go ahead. 
We have an enrollment of twenty-six. Prior to our revival meetings 
in November we made a survey of territory near by to find those not 
connected with any church. One committee repaired steps leading to 
the church. Another put new treads on stairway to basement. We 
purchased paint for some repainting at church. We have a committee 
to consider rearranging the basement for Sunday-school purposes. One 
committee had handbills printed to advertise the revivals. We placed 
a lighted sign in front of the church to call attention to the meetings. 
We have other projects in mind as our work progresses. — H. C. Royer, 
Secretary-Treasurer, Grand Rapids, Mich., Dec. 17. 


Lewiston. — At the quarterly council Dec. 6 church officers were 
elected for the coming year. Our church attendance is growing under 
the leadership of Brother and Sistej Eddy. Sunday afternoon, Dec. 11, 
a group of members drove to Dover, a distance of eighteen miles, to 
help Bro. Harshman celebrate his eighty-eighth birthday. Old hymns 
were sung and our pastor gave a fitting talk. Bro. Harshman is still 
quite active, working in his carpenter shop nearly every day. He is a 
faithful reader of The Gospel Messenger. — Mrs. Mark Williams, Lewis- 
ton, Minn., Dec. 19. 

Nemadji church met in council Dec. 3. Officers were elected for the 
coming year: Elder, Lewis Hyde; clerk, Sister Dediker; trustee, Chas. 
Henninger; correspondent, Oliver Dilley. The Ladies' Aid held their 
annual sale Nov. 19 at the schoolhouse. Members contributed the nu- 
merous articles which were sold; the proceeds netted $43. The mem- 
bers held a beautiful Thanksgiving service in the church. — Oliver C. 
Dilley, Barnum, Minn., Dec. 17. 


Greenwood church has had a great spiritual refreshing under the 
able leadership of Brother and Sister Oliver H. Austin of McPherson, 
Kans. As a direct result of the meeting there were seventeen confes- 
sions of whom fifteen were baptized. All of these but four are adults, 
eight being heads of families. The messages in story and song by 
Mrs. Austin were appreciated by both old and young. The choir of 
mixed voices sang several numbers. The Gravel Point and the Cabool 
male quartets brought messages in song. Bro. Austin's sermons were 
both outstanding and convincing. Each evening he brought a message 
filled with the Spirit and with power. Dec. 4 the church was dedicated 
and the sermon was given by Bro. Austin. The evangelist visited in 
fifty-five homes in the community. This meeting was their 213th and 
Mrs. Austin had missed only one service. During that time 4,560 have 
been gained for the kingdom. The Mountain Grove and Cabool 
churches and two other communities cooperated in the meeting. Much 
good has been accomplished and the church is strengthened. — Dorothy 
Oxley, Mountain Grove, Mo., Dec. 20. 

From the Morning's Mail 

"I will try and help double the subscribers in our congre- 
gation," writes one elder who knows the value of the Mes- 
senger to his people. He caught the idea involved in 
"doubling the number of subscribers to The Gospel Mes- 
senger," and his vote was "I will." He may not succeed, 
but he will come much nearer succeeding because he is try- 
ing than will the man who says nothing and attempts noth- 

Again, he caught the idea in "doubling," because he 
realized that success depends on individual elders, agents, 
individuals and congregations getting down to actual work. 
This elder is not an agent, but he proposes to help his agents 
and congregation to register in this effort. He asks for the 
mailing list of the post office where his members receive 
their mail. It was sent to him along with the names of 
those whose subscription had elapsed. Further, he received 
a letter of appreciation and a number of sample copies of 
the Messenger to use in the canvass. 

A thousand elders and pastors built over his pattern would 
more than double the Messenger circulation. As a live 
church worker you are invited to join the army of "We will" 
and help place the Messenger into every home in your con- 
gregation. Are you ready to go? — J. E. M. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 



East Dayton. — Nov. 20 Sister S. Z. Smith of Troy, Ohio, was with us 
in the interest of Women's Work. As has been our custom for sev- 
eral years, we met at the church for early praise service on Thanks- 
giving. The offering taken is to be used for home missions. At our 
regular council Dec. 6 church officers for the coming year were elected. 
Bro. Hugh Cloppert was chosen as elder; the writer, Messenger agent 
and correspondent. Homecoming day, Dec. 11, was a very pleasant 
occasion. The morning sermon was delivered by Bro. Dorsey Hodgden. 
After dinner we were addressed by Bro. Fisher, pastor of the Trot- 
wood church. Greetings from some who could not be present were 
read, one from Bro. Van B. Wright, our former pastor, and one in the 
form of a poem from Bro. A. J. Crosswhite. A poem written by Jacob 
Weimer and read by E. Friend Couser, was also part of the program. 
The sentiment seemed to prevail to have more such meetings. Home 
missions will receive the offering taken. — Lida Baldwin, Dayton, Ohio, 
Dec. 19. 

Fostoria. — Nov. 10 Brother and Sister E. H. Eby gave Us a splendid 
missionary program by lecture and illustrations. Dec. 13 Eld. G. A. 
Snider conducted our quarterly council. One member was received 
by certificate. Members were chosen on the various boards and com- 
mittees. The church treasurer and missionary treasurer made reports 
which were accepted. The Ladies' Aid presented our pastor, Bro. 
Swihart, with a nice watch for a Christmas present. — John W. Vetter, 
Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

Kent. — The quarterly council meeting was held at the church on 
Dec. 9. Nearly all the committees reported favorably. It was decided 
to have a white gift service for Christmas and also to send the mis- 
sionary offering to the District Mission Board on our apportionment. 
The prayer meetings will be held at the homes on Thursday night 
instead of at the church as before. The revival meetings were held 
from Nov. 6 to 24 inclusive, with the pastor, Bro. A. H. Miller, in 
charge. Eleven were baptized, of whom eight were heads of homes. 
The attendance at Sunday-school has been growing in spite of the 
depression and cold weather. — Mrs. Averie Brumbaugh, Ravenna, Ohio, 
Dec. 20. 

Pitsburg.— On Sunday, Oct. 9, we enjoyed the Franklin-Monroe 
Township convention, which was held here. Nov. 12 at the love 
feast Bro. Hollinger of the Beach Grove church officiated. On the 
following morning Sister Orion Erbaugh of Trotwood gave an inter- 
esting talk to the children, and following this was a sermon by Bro. 
Wilmer Petry. We met in council Dec. 20, at which we elected the 
church officers for the coming year. We elected Bro. N. W. Binkley 
elder. On the morning of Dec. 11 we enjoyed very much the message 
brought by Bro. R. C. Wenger of North Manchester, Ind. — Mrs. 
Harley Ditmer, Arcanum, Ohio, Dec. 17. 


Carson Valley.— At the members' meeting Dec. 1 the following offi- 
cers were elected: Elder, Bro. Jacob Kinsel; church clerk, Sister 
Harriet Wyke. The latter part of November we were pleased to have 
Brother and Sister Wm. Beahm with us, before they returned to the 
Africa field. Their messages were much appreciated. Carson Valley 
church helps to support Sister Beahm. In October Bro. J. H. Clapper 
of Hopewell, Pa., held our evangelistic meeting. The attendance was 
good and the messages Spirit-filled. As a result the members were 
strengthened. Two were received into the church by baptism and two 
were reclaimed. At the close of the meeting we held our love feast 
when 171 surrounded the table.— Mrs. Jeanette R. Hoover, Duncans- 
ville, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Dunnings Creek.— Bro. C. L. Cox of Claysburg was with our congre- 
gation in a two weeks' revival service at New Paris Nov. 13 to 27. 
As a result of the meeting six were received into church fellowship 
by baptism and two renewed their vows. This is Bro. Cox's second 
evangelistic meeting this fall in our congregation. Our council meet- 
ing was held at New Paris house Dec. 11. Bro. T. B. Mickle was 
elected elder; Bro. Jesse Smith, secretary and treasurer, and the under- 
signed as correspondent and Messenger agent. Bro. Sewell Rogers 
was reelected as trustee for three years. Plans have been made to 
raise and remodel the Holsinger house which was built in 1874. Part 
of the lumber is already on the ground. We are hoping to have a large 
part of the work donated. A hard surfaced road is being built past 
the church.— Mrs. Sewell Rogers, Alum Bank, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Long Run— On Sunday, Dec. 11, Eld. Samuel G. Myers brought us a 
splendid message in the morning; he also delivered a fine message at 
the Zimmerman church in Pleasant Corner. 'We had prayer meeting 
last Wednesday evening in Long Run church. This Sunday Bro. 
Harvey B. Merkey will be in charge of the service in Long Run 
church.— Mrs. Quinton Kunkle, Parryville, Pa., Dec. 15. 

Lost Creek.— Nov. 11 and 12 Bro. J. E. Buffenmyer of Windber, Pa., 
preached at all four points in our congregation, delivering splendid 
messages. Nov. 24 Bro. R. E. Ditmer of Mifflintown delivered a help- 
ful Thanksgiving sermon at the Bunkertown church. Dec. 3 and 4 
a former pastor, Bro. J. E. Rowland, was with us at three of the 
preaching places: Richfield, Bunkertown and Free Spring. As there 
had been no appointment made at Oriental, Bro. Rowland and wife 
visited the members there. We were glad to have them with us once 
again and renew old friendships. Dec. 11 four Student Volunteers of 
Elizabethtown College gave an interesting program at Free Spring 
church. Dec. 17 and 18 Bro. A. J. Beeghly of Westernport, Md., 
preached at our four points. All who heard him enjoyed his messages 

very much. Dec. 31 we expect to hold our annual New Year council. 
Jan. 1 we expect Bro. Greene Shively, our acting elder, to preach for 
us.— Mrs. Ira J. Shirk, Mifflintown, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Martinsburg. — Bro. A. R. Coffman of Girard, 111., conducted a Bible 
institute in our church Nov. 26 to Dec. 2. His teaching was from the 
Book of Romans and was very clear and inspirational. We enjoyed 
his splendid addresses. The large crowds and great interest shown 
indicate a great spiritual strengthening. Bro. Coffman and Bro. Hol- 
« sopple visited in many homes. Dec. 18 the B. Y. P. D. directed by 
Mrs. H. B. Rhodes gave the Christmas pageant, Our Gift to the Christ 
Child. Our Y. P. D. is helping to support Sister Anetta Mow in the 
foreign field; they will also give a scholarship to one or more of the 
young people to Camp Harmony. Some of our members have been 
taking courses in the standard leadership training school, being con- 
ducted each winter by the ministers of our town. — Kathryn Long 
Lehman, Martinsburg, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Newville church met in council Dec. 12. Church officers were elected, 
with Bro. Clarence B. Sollenberger, elder and pastor for another year; 
John Cohick, Messenger agent; the writer, correspondent. The trus- 
tees have had a new furnace installed — a much needed improvement. 
In our evening service the pastor is leading us in a study of the 
Prayer Life of Jesus. — Mrs. John E. Cohick, Newville, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Upper Conewago congregation met in council Dec. 17. The follow- 
ing church officers were elected: Trustees, Geo. Harboldt, Paul Wag- 
ner; cemetery trustee, Earl Witter; Board of Christian Education, 
Geo. Hull; Child Rescue, Elmira Group; correspondent, Bertha Hull. 
We decided to have a Bible term at the Latimore house Jan. 14 and 
15 beginning Saturday evening and closing on Sunday evening. Bro. 
Ralph Schlosser of Elizabethtown College will be the instructor. We 
held a revival meeitng at the East Berlin house with Bro. B. W. S. 
Ebersole as evangelist. We feel we have been strengthened and the 
church built up spiritually. Bro. Ebersole labored with us earnestly for 
two weeks and made many friends among us. Recently we enjoyed an 
inspirational sermon at the Latimore house delivered by Bro. Jacob E. 
Trimmer. — Paul L. Wagner, York Springs, Pa., Dec. 19. 


Montebello. — On Thanksgiving Day a joint service was held at 3 
o'clock. Rev. R. Vaden, pastor of the Baptist church, gave an inter- 
esting talk. Bro. L. S. Miller and wife from Dayton, Va., Bro. L. L. 
Mason and wife, mother and father from Margo, Va., and our pastor, 
Bro. W. E. Cunningham, were with us. Bro. Miller and Bro. Mason 
also gave short talks. Afterward they went to the home of Bro. 
W. D. Fauber who, with his sister, was anointed. On Friday night 
Bro. L. L. Mason preached a helpful sermon. Bro. Cunningham 
preached Sunday morning. We were thankful to have with us the 
visiting brethren and sisters. — Ellastine Fitzgerald, Montebello, Va., 
Dec. 12. 

Moscow church met in council Nov. 16. The matter of painting the 
church roof and other improvements was discussed and placed in the 
hands of the trustees. We also considered the matter of purchasing 
new song books. This was placed in the hands of our young people; 
they already have part of the money raised. We are blessed with a 
fine group of young people who are good workers for the church. They 
are having interesting and helpful programs every two weeks. At- 
tendance at all of our services has been good throughout the year. 
The council decided to beautify the church grounds by planting shrub- 
bery, etc. Eight members were added to our church by baptism during 
the year; two were lost by letter and one by death. Bro. W. M. Kahle 
was with us Dec. 4; he preached at 11 A. M., met officials in the 
afternoon and the workers at night. He gave helpful talks and many 
helpful suggestions for greater work. Bro. Virgil C. Finnell gave an 
interesting lecture Dec. 12 on Why Girls Smoke. Our Aid Society 
met on Dec. 14 and elected officers for the coming year, Mrs. W. H. 
Sanger being president; the writer, Messenger agent and correspond- 
ent.— Mrs. C. W. Zimmerman, Mt. Solon, Va., Dec. 19. 

Mt. Olivet church held its annual council on Oct. 9. Howard May 
was elected superintendent of the Sunday-school with Emmert Andes 
and Henry Campbell as assistants. Our congregation enjoyed a week 
of spiritual meetings prior to the love feast. — Mrs. Howard May, Tim- 
berville, Va., Dec. 17. 


Ellisford church met in council and elected church officers. The 
new Messenger correspondent is Mrs. Alice Rothrock; director of Men's 
Work, Percy Shamberger; director of Women's Work, Mrs. Mollie 
Verbeck. Marion Stern was elected to the ministry. Bro. C. E. 
Holmes, member of the district ministerial committee, had charge of 
the service. We are to have a week's series of meetings beginning 
Dec. 19 and closing Christmas evening. Bro. Arthur Sellers of Wenat- 
chee will conduct the meetings. — Mrs. Beth Weddle, Tonasket, Wash., 
Dec. 17. 


Stanley church met in council Dec. 13. The trustees gave a report 
of work completed on the church steps; there was a surplus of $7.23 of 
money donated for the purpose. The committee chosen to procure 
wood for the church reported finding a piece of timber to be had for 
clearing the land and wood will be cut in the near future. Church 
officers were elected for the ensuing year: Bro. D. D. Funderburg, 
elder, reelected; Bro. Chas. Guyer, trustee and also member on the 
ministerial board for three years; Sister Lucille Riet, clerk; Bro. Wm. 
Flora, treasurer; the writer as Messenger agent and correspondent. — 
Mrs. Jacob Winkler, Stanley, Wis., Dec. 17. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

Fallen Asleep 

(Continued From Page 27) 
the Brethren in 1893 in the Cedar Lake congregation. He was called to 
the deacon's office and served the church faithfully until death. He 
not only gave of his time but was a very liberal giver to the work of 
the church. He spent his entire life in De Kalb County and was 
widely known as an aggressive farmer and dairyman. Surviving are 
his wife and six children, four sisters and seventeen grandchildren. 
Funeral services at the Cedar Lake church by Bro. A. F. Morris as-* 
sisted by Russell Sherman and the writer. Burial in the Union ceme- 
tery. — C. C. Cripe, Auburn, Ind. 

Howe, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Eld. E. M. Howe and wife of 
Maitland, Pa., died at the hospital, Lewistown, Pa., Nov. 30, 1932, 
aged 27 years, 10 months and 29 days. Death was due to leakage of 
the heart and other complications. She is survived by her parents, 
five brothers, and two sisters. She was a graduate of Juniata Col- 
lege, of the Jubilee Class, and was teaching in the Burnham High 
School for the seventh year. The large assembly at her funeral in the 
home church, including superintendents, principals, and teachers from 
all over the county, members of the faculty and others from Juniata 
College, as well as neighbors and friends, was eloquent indication of 
the high esteem in which she was held by all who knew her. Services 
in charge of the writer assisted by Eld. S. J. Steinberger of the Dry 
Valley congregation, and I. Harvey Brumbaugh of Juniata College. 
Interment in the Maitland cemetery. — M. Clyde Horst, Lewistown, Pa. 

r, Frank Hall, son of William and Louise Jasper, was born in 
Polk County, Iowa, Sept. 4, 1886, and died Dec. 7, 1932. He was mar- 
ried to Ida Berkey March 23, 1910. To this union three children were 
born, who with their mother survive. He was a loyal member of the 
Des Moines Valley Church of the Brethren for twenty-eight years. 
During his last illness he twice called for and received the anointing 
service, expressing faith in God and committing himself to God's care. 
Surviving besides his wife and children are two brothers and two sis- 
ters. Funeral services were conducted by his pastor, the undersigned, 
and he was laid to rest in the cemetery near by. — Ray E. Zook, Elk- 
hart, Iowa. 

Kiragery, Wm. Thomas, son of Geo. and Nancy Kingery, born March 
14, 1851, died Dec. 7, 1932. Jan. 15, 1873, he married Emily V. Wil- 
liams; they would soon have celebrated their sixtieth wedding anni- 
versary. To this union were born twelve children; he leaves his wife, 
six sons, two daughters, thirty-nine grandchildren and sixteen great- 
grandchildren. — Vernie Beaver, Pendleton, Ind. 

Larimer, Sister Amanda Feathers, was born March 22, 1832, in Carter 
County, Tenn., and died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Sue Wine, 
Santa Ana, Calif., Nov. 11, 1932, aged 100 years, 7 months and 20 days. 
She was married to John A. Larimer, Oct. 13, 1857. Ten children were 
born to this union, four of whom survive, two daughters and two 
sons. Her husband died in 1907 in Tennessee where the couple had 
lived since their marriage. Soon after his wife came to California to 
make her home with her son John and family. After the death of 
this son the mother made her home with her daughter, Mrs. Wine. 
The deceased united with the church in her girlhood and was very 
active, to the last always much interested in the progress of the 
church. She enjoyed good health until a short time before her death 
and had the use of her faculties to a remarkable degree, sight, hear- 
ing, memory, etc. Many birthday parties and other family gatherings 
were held in her honor the past decade. Funeral services were held 
in the La Verne Church of the Brethren with Bro. Edgar Rothrock 
officiating assisted by Bro. Galen K. Walker. The pallbearers were 
her grandsons. Interment was made in the Evergreen cemetery in 
La Verne. — Grace Hileman Miller, La Verne, Calif. 

Long, Bro. Joseph William, son of Michael and Rebecca Long, was 
born at Shippensburg, Pa., and died at his home in Waterloo, Iowa, 
Nov. 12, 1932, at the age of 74 years, 6 months, 13 days. On July 24, 
1879, he was united in marriage with Anna J. Brandt of Centerville, 
Pa. To this union nine children were born, six surviving. In 1885 the 
family moved to Kansas at the time when the prairies of this great 
state were brought under cultivation. In 1896 they moved to Cedar 
County, Iowa, and later to Worthington, Minn., and nineteen years 
ago to Waterloo, Iowa. This worthy couple celebrated their golden 
wedding anniversary in 1929. In the earlier years of his life he was 
affiliated with the United Brethren church but while living in Kansas 
he and his companion affiliated with the Church of the Brethren. 
Here he was elected to the office of deacon and later was called to 
serve in the ministry. He was always willing to do what he could 
into whatever field of service he was called. Services by the writer 
in the Waterloo City church. Interment in the Orange cemetery. — 
A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Loy, Bro. Byers, Newville, Pa., died Nov. 26, 1932, aged 72 years. 
Many years ago he accepted Christ and united with the Church of 
the Brethren. He called for the anointing service several weeks prior 
to his death and received great spiritual strength therefrom. He is 
survived by his wife, three sons, one daughter and four brothers. 
Funeral services from his late home by Eld. Clarence B. Sollenberger 
assisted by Bro. R. M. Flohr. Interment in Newville cemetery. — Mrs. 
John E. Cohick, Newville, Pa. 

Nell, Sister Elsie Harlacher, wife of Bro. Irvin Nell, died at her home 
in Van Nuys, Calif., Dec. 2, 1932, aged 50 years; death was due to a 
complication of diseases. She was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for many years, having accepted Christ while living in Car- 

lisle, Pa. Surviving are her husband, four brothers and two sisters. 
Funeral services in the Redmont Evangelical church near East Berlin 
by Elders C. L. Baker, J. E. Trimmer and Rev. Dayton. Interment in 
the cemetery adjoining the church.— Myrna Kreider, East Berlin, Pa. 

Newcomer, Amanda L., born Feb. 28, 1855, in Huntington County, 
Ind. She was the daughter of Jacob and Lydia Kitch; her mother died 
when she was about a year old, and her father died six months later. 
She was taken into the home of Eld. John Anglemyer and wife who 
became her foster parents. She united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren when but a girl and lived a consistent life until death. She 
married Jesse Newcomer Sept. 15, 1879; he preceded her March 30, 1920. 
To this union were born five children; surviving are one daughter who 
lived with her mother, and a son who resides on the old homestead. 
Funeral services in the Union Center church by Eld. Christian Metzler 
and the writer. Burial in the adjoining cemetery. — David Miller, 
Wakarusa, Ind. i 

Pearson, John O., born in Malmo, Sweden, March 24, 1858, died 
Dec. 5, 1932, from a heart attack. He had been at a sanitarium at 
Wichita Falls for treatment. At the age of twenty- three he married 
Miss Anna Hanson; to this union six children were born, three of 
whom survive. When twenty-eight years old he joined the Church of 
the Brethren and was ordained in the ministry at Malmo later taking 
charge of the Vannaberga church and serving until he came to this 
country forty years ago. Thirty-two years were spent in Ft. Worth. 
He was interested in the work of the church here, always giving of 
his means. He was an ardent supporter of the mission cause. Funeral 
services by Bro. W. J. Horner assisted by A. E. Anderson and -Roy 
Leicht.— Mrs. Cora Leicht, Ft. Worth, Tex. 

Powelson, Sister Faye Sisler, wife of Calvin Scott Powelson of Rich- 
mond, Kans., died at a hospital in Ottawa after an illness of about two 
weeks, death resulting from peritonitis. She was born at Dallas Cen- 
ter, Iowa, July 17, 1894, the daughter of David R. and Susan (Price) 
Sisler. She was married to Mr. Powelson Dec. 16, 1920. The husband 
survives with four children and the father, her mother having died 
Aug. 24, 1931. Funeral services in charge of the writer assisted by 
Howard H. Keim, Jr., and Rev. E. L. Haney. Interment in the ceme- 
tery at Richmond. — W. B. DeVilbiss, Ottawa, Kans. 

Wickert, Bro. Gayle H., of Cordova, 111., son of Martin and Mary 
Wickert of Astoria, 111., died at a hospital, Rochester, Minn., Nov. 13, 
1932, following an operation. He was born March 23, 1902. He united 
with the Church of the Brethren in August, 1919, and lived a consci- 
entious Christian life. He married Sister M. Florine Redenbo June 1, 
1929. He had taught in several high schools and at Cordova was prin- 
cipal for four years. Owing to ill health he resigned school work for 
this year. He leaves his wife, mother, four brothers and six sisters. 
Funeral services at the church in Astoria by E. O. Norris. Interment 
in the Astoria mausoleum. — Mrs. Rosella Sullivan, Astoria, 111. 

The Church of the Brethren 

Formerly Called Dunkers 

1. This body of Christians originated in the eighteenth century, the 
church being a natural outgrowth of the Pietistic movement following 
the Reformation. 

2. Firmly accepts and teaches the fundamental evangelical doctrine* 
of the inspiration of the Bible, the personality of the Holy Spirit, the 
virgin birth, the deity of Christ, the sin-pardoning value of his atone- 
ment, his resurrection from the tomb, ascension and personal and 
visible return, and resurrection both of the just and unjust (John 5: 
28, 29; 1 Thess. 4: 13-18). 

3. Observes the following New Testament rites: Baptism of penitent 
believers by trine immersion for the remission of sins (Matt. 28: 19; 
Acts 2:38); feet-washing (John 13:1-20; 1 Tim. 5:10); love feast 
(Luke 22:20; John 13:4; 1 Cor. 11:17-34; Jude 12); communion (Matt. 
26:26-30); the Christian salutation (Rom. 16:16; Acts 20:37); proper 
appearance in worship (1 Cor. 11:2-16); the anointing for healing in 
the name of the Lord (James 5:13-18; Mark 6:13); laying on of 
hands (Acts 8: 17; 19: 6: 1 Tim. 4: 14). These rites are representative 
of spiritual facts which obtain in the lives of true believers and as 
such are essential factors in the development of the Christian life. 

4. Emphasizes daily devotion for the individual and family worship 
for the home (Eph. 6:18-20; Philpp. 4:8, 9); stewardship of time, 
talents and money (Matt. 25:14-30); taking care of the fatherless, 
widows, poor, sick and aged (Acts 6: 1-7). 

5. Opposes on Scriptural grounds: War and the taking of human 
life (M~att. 5:21-26, 43, 44; Rom. 12:19-21; Isa. 53:7-12); violence in 
personal and industrial controversy (Matt. 7:12; Rom. 13:8-10); in- 
temperance in all things (Titus 2:2; Gal. 5:19-26; Eph. 5:18); going 
to law, especially against our Christian brethren (1 Cor. 6:1-9); divorce 
and remarriage except for the one Scriptural reason (Matt. 19:9); 
every form of oath (Matt. 5:33-37; James 5:12); membership in secret, 
oath-bound societies (2 Cor. 6:14-18); games of chance and sinful 
amusements (1 Thess. 5:22; 1 Peter 2:11; Rom. 12:17); extravagant 
and immodest dress (1 Tim. 2:8-10; 1 Peter 3:1-6). 

6. Labors earnestly in harmony with the Great Commission, for the 
evangelization of the world, for the conversion of men to Jesus Christ, 
and for the realization of the life of Jesus Christ in every believer 
(Matt. 28:18-20; Mark 16:15, 16; 2 Cor. 3:18). 

7. Maintains the New Testament as its only creed, in harmony with 
which the above brief statement is made. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 


■H~H "H " i "r'M'r'i"i " i"H"i- i "r-i " i"i"r'i'-i"H"i"i'M" i i i i i i l r r w ii 1 i w-h-k-h-h^^m-h i i i i i i i i i i h i i m- 


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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1933 

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Vol. 82 

Elgin, 111., January 14, 1933 

No. 2 

Photo by E. G. Hoff 

Somewhere in Michigan 


Editorial — 

Out in Kansas (E. F.), 3 

This Pastor Wonders (E. F.), 3 

Four Ages of Man (H. A. B.) 3 

Chapter Thirteen: Verses One to Thirteen (E. F.), 4 

Levels of Living (H. A. B.) 4 

Kingdom Gleanings, 16 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.), 17 

General Forum — 

The Church in Community Life. By Charles Forror, 5 

Church Activities. By Mrs. Arthur Hammond 6 

What Can the Church Do for Medicine? By Kathrine Byron, M. D., 8 
The Welfare League and the Church. By Mrs. Frank W. White, ... 9 
How the Community Cooperates with the County Agricultural Agent. 

By Wayne I. Crampton 10 

Church and School. By J. H. Thompson, 11 

The Cross of Jesus Christ.— No. 6. By J. I. Kaylor 12 

Darkest Before Dawn. By John E. Stoner 20 

To the Women of the Southeastern Region. By Mrs. Levi Garst, ...21 

Meeting of the General Ministerial Board. By M. R. Zigler, 24 

Practical Work for Men. By Levi Minnich. 24 

Missions — 

Editorial 13 

The Blessing of Sharing. By M. E. Clingenpeel 13 

Methods for Mission Workers 14 

News From the Field 15 

Pastor and People — 

When Does a Preacher Preach Christ? By J. D. Reber, 18 

Physical Activities Here and There.— No. 2. By Roland L. Howe, ... 18 

Home and Family — 

A Motto (Poem) 22 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime.— No. 3. By Florence S. 

Studebaker 22 

"Dunmires Rocks." By Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, 23 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

Photo by E. G. Hoff 



There are many sorts of roads in our land, over many sorts of country. Some 
roads are wide and smooth, where the traffic of the world moves swiftly and noisi- 
ly. Some are narrow and crooked. Some steep. Some rough. Some climb up to 
where, clinging to the shoulder of a rugged hill, their travelers may view the gran- 
deur of the earth spread out below and catch the full picture of the distant mountain 
thrusting his cocked ear into heaven, to listen. Sometimes from the noisy highway 
little roads lead off to the right, to the left, trailing crookedly away into the forest. 
These little roads are rest roads, beauty roads, prayer roads. 

There are so many roads; so many ways to go. A road to climb, a smooth 
road in the valley. Roads east, roads west. A winding road to take us from the 
glutted highway. Roads to quiet, roads to confusion. Roads to wealth. 

What shall we say of roads? What can we say? 

If we find ourselves caught in the dash of the wide road, stunned by the noise 
and bewildered by the speed, God grant us leave sometimes to climb the high road 
and look full-faced into the upward sky. And lest the days of our lives be wasted 
in confusion, grant us, oh God, little saving quests into the beauty roads, to find by 
quiet streams prayer places in the sun. 




H. A. BRANDT— Assistant Editor 

Vol. 82 

Elgin, 111., January 14, 1933 

No. 2 


Out in Kansas 

To one of our thoughtful correspondents we are in- 
debted for a story from real life that you will wish to 

The time is 3 P. M. The pastor is busy in his study 
preparing his evening sermon. The telephone rings and 
the pastor answers " Hello." " Are you busy ?" comes 
the voice of a sick widow's daughter. " Yes, but what 
can I do for you ?" " I haven't any wood and mother 
is getting cold." " Well, don't worry, I'll be right out 
as soon as comes home from school." 

The pastor arrives at the widow's home about 3 : 45. 
He is shown a pile of seasoned hedge posts from twelve 
to eighteen inches through and a cross cut saw that has 
seen better days. He throws off his coat, rolls up his 
sleeves and digs in, until he has mastered enough wood 
to keep grandma warm for two or three days. 

He gets back home about 5: 15, resumes the prepa- 
ration of his sermon, eats a good supper, delivers the 
sermon to an interested audience, shakes hands with ev- 
erybody, returns home and retires to rest with no pride 
of accomplishment but with a quiet gladness in his 
heart, born of the consciousness that he did his best to 
meet the day's demands. 

Would you like to know the standing of this pastor 
in his community ? Possibly you can guess it. e. f. 

This Pastor Wonders 

If only we had eyes to see ! Eyes that really do see 
how full life is of chances to be useful! 

We know a pastor with a real human interest story. 
He has served his church long and well, without pay. 
He is a farmer, as you have guessed, and in debt too ! 
From that farm he has secured a living for his family. 
He has been generous in contributing to good causes. 
He has borne his share, and more, of the cost of keep- 
ing the church going. Much sacrifice and hard work 

have gone into his years of service for the church. And, 
good to know, his people respect him. They like him. 
They think he is just about all right. 

But he wonders about some things. He has corn still 
in the field, a good many acres of it. The market price 
is very low. He can not afford to hire the needed help 
to gather it. His good people, many of them, are not 
very busy. They have time on their hands. He just 
wonders why they do not see how nice it would be for 
them to come in and husk his corn, and thus help him 
to realize some small return for his labor and time. 
And thus help him to go on helping them, by serving 
the church they say they need and love. But they do 
not see it. He wonders why they do not see it. 

And so the pastor goes on trying to gather in the crop 
himself. His members are not accustomed to working 
for others without pay. They are quite well accus- 
tomed, however, to seeing him work for them without 
pay. He is not complaining about that. But he wishes 
they could see this fine opening to gladden his heart and 
to put him in condition to serve them better. 

These people are good people, nice people. But they 
do not see. The pastor is puzzled. He wonders what 
makes them go blind. And some of them are young 
yet. e. f. 

Four Ages of Man 

For our purposes there are four ages of man, though 
Shakespeare has a well-known passage in which he lists 
a total of seven. Now on the basis of the shorter list 
one may think of childhood as an age of trust, youth as 
the time of special interest in adventure, early maturity 
as a period of sobering discovery, and later maturity as 
the age of faith. 

Of course it is not meant that these ages are sharply 
limited. In real life they tend to overlap and otherwise 
shade into each other. Yet under normal conditions, 
childhood is an age of trust in parents and teachers. It 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

could hardly be distinctly otherwise since the child is in 
the midst of the process of accumulating and interpret- 
ing primary experiences. 

Then comes youth, an elastic term for the period in 
which the normal young person not only enjoys books 
of adventure, but looks ahead with confidence to the 
part that he or she is to play in life. 

But facing actual conditions usually brings many try- 
ing experiences. Early maturity is pretty certain to re- 
veal much in the way of sobering discovery. The nat- 
ural limits of man's powers become evident. It is seen 
that revision and adjustment are inevitable. So here is 
where the spirit of man is broken — or rises to new 
heights. It is here that some turn cynical and fail while 
others get their second wind and strength for the home 

It is not insisted that faith is not required up to this 
point, for it is a requisite of all true success. But we do 
mean that by this time the intelligent person has dis- 
covered that more things must be taken on faith, and 
more things are wrought by faith, than he ever sup- 
posed. It is here that men discover, if they have not 
faced it before, that not everything can be known — or 
needs to be known ! From here on the real man is chal- 
lenged by the uncertain and the unknown. From here 
on he lives and achieves by faith. 

There are some respects in which the age of faith is 
the most difficult of all. For how can one be calm in 
the face of uncertainty or patient before the unknown ? 
The answer is that he can not, except by faith. And by 
faith we do not mean an ignoring of realities, but a con- 
fidence in the integrity of the world without and the in- 
timations from within as sufficient to indicate general 
directions and the next step. Is this not enough in a 
world where it has long since been discovered that even 
the righteous must live by faith? h. a. b. 

Chapter Thirteen: Verses One to Thirteen 

The equipment was none too good. Four classes in 
one room, not a large room at that, made some confu- 
sion. They were used to it, however, and did not seem 
to mind it much. For some reason they were interested 
in the lesson. 

Scholarship and method were not far advanced. 
They went right through the quarterly text, verse by 
verse, without noticing the transition from an Old 
Testament passage to a selection from the New Testa- 
ment, asking and answering such questions as occurred 
to them. They did not bother with historical back- 
ground and it did not bother them. 

But something gripped me, held me. They somehow 
arrived at certain very important conclusions. They 
thought they were living too selfishly. They were quite 
sure that there is a difference between right and wrong, 

and that it is much better to do what is right. They re- 
solved to try harder to do this. 

The pastor of this congregation is much loved by his 
people. I found out why. His devotion to them and 
the work is very great. Obliged to labor with his own 
hands to support himself and family, he sacrifices much 
for the church. He loves the church. That is why he 
does it. 

The church life there is in a healthy state. Peace, 
zeal, thrift, hard times notwithstanding, and other 
homely virtues are in evidence. Some twenty new 
members were recently taken in by baptism. They are 
talking about pushing one end of the church building 
twenty or twenty-five feet farther back to make more 
room as soon as they are able. Meanwhile they are go- 
ing on, doing the best they can. 

This congregation lacks some nice things which some 
other congregations have. It has one thing which some 
congregations are short on, and that explains a lot. 

E. F. 

Levels of Living 

There are different levels of living. While once in 
a great while one may be caught up to the third heaven, 
most of us must live somewhere below this lucid though 
ecstatic state. Yet this is not saying but that those on 
the lower levels could do much better. 

Lowest of all, it seems to us, is the man who merely 
vegetates. His world is the realm of the sensuous. He 
is content if he has something to jingle his nerves or 
drug himself into Elysium or oblivion. He is not very 
particular which. 

Next step up is the sensible person who sees that life 
is vastly more than yielding to the momentary sensatory 
impulse. Here dwells the man who knows that the 
cheap and brittle joys gained today by swilling down al- 
cohol or defying some time honored convention will 
bring remorse and weakness tomorrow. And so in 
work or play, at the office or at home, he is a gentleman 
and the happier because he is such. 

Happiest and freest of all are those who choose some 
worthy project and give themselves fully to it. Here 
dwell the scientists, oblivious to styles and the formali- 
ties which make society boresome. Here dwell also 
those with the philosophic or the creative type of mind. 
Such can have a good time by themselves either in a 
quiet room or on a desert island. 

So there is an ascending order in levels of living. At 
the bottom it is quite logical to put those who live from 
sensory thrill to sensory thrill. Many such are content 
if they can sip at a flowing cup or watch fading rings 
of tobacco smoke. Above this are other and worthier 
levels of living. Reader, where do you figure that you 
reside? h. a. b. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


The Church and the Community 

The General Forum for this Week begins with a series 
of articles on the church and the community. The papers 
are not theoretical but the record of and reflections on actual 
experiences in church and community) cooperation. The 
community in question does not lay claim to any unique ad- 
vantages. One writer freely admits that she lives in what 
some might call a backwoods section. And yet, the matter 
at hand would indicate that the people at Brethren, Mich., 
are certainly out in front so far as church and community 
cooperation are concerned. It should be said that those who 
have written for this forum have not done so to parade their 
accomplishments, but at the solicitation of those who want 
them to share certain vital experiences. — Ed. 

The Church in Community Life 


We of the Church of the Brethren have yet much to 
learn about how our church may serve in a community. 
This was never so forcibly brought to my attention as 
when the phrase serving a community was coined. 
There is a larger field of service in every community 
than the Church of the Brethren has been filling. Often 
our idea has been Sunday-school and preaching services 
in the morning, services again in the evening, and an 
evangelistic meeting thrown in for good measure dur- 
ing the winter months. Then when we accomplished a 
program of this sort we sat back and folded our arms, 
feeling that we had done our bit, that if any one goes 
to the devil it is his own fault. 

As pastors and Christian workers we must rec- 
ognize the other agencies that are available. The 
church, to fill its place in any community, must 
work in and through every agency that will 
aid the human family in physical, mental, social, 
moral and spiritual development. There exist in every 
community, organizations of state, county and township 
that seek to do this. It is the privilege and the duty of 
the church to work with and through these various or- 
ganizations. I would like to point out a few of them. 

We have so often felt if an organization was not fos- 
tered and maintained by the church that it was outside 
of church approval. However, state organizations be- 
come much more effective if backed by church people. 
We have but to look at the gospels to understand the 
attitude of Jesus, to see how he created an opportunity 
for teaching spiritual truths. The effort in healing the 
physical bodies of mankind was for this one purpose. 

There exist today organizations in every county that 
look after the poor and needy, that clothe and feed the 
body. I am well aware that churches in some places 

have such groups and do a good work. But most of 
our churches are too small to do work of this sort on a 
large scale. A church may aid a family or two, but 
even so its influence and aid will not reach very far. 

We have county Red Cross and welfare societies 
with which every church should identify itself, and es- 
pecially in these days when the government is doing 
what it is. Every Aid Society and church welfare 
society should work through these public agen- 
cies. Every pastor should be definitely connected 
with the Red Cross. It is the duty of every 
pastor and church to feed the poor, not only of 
the church, but of the community. We have remem- 
bered the scripture, " especially of the household of 
faith," but have not remembered that Jesus told us to 
go out in the highways and byways and bring them in. 
Red Cross and welfare societies will gladly work 
through a church or pastor in dispensing needed arti- 
cles for poor families and thereby the church can open 
up doors of service that otherwise would never be 
opened. " Inasmuch as ye did it unto the least of these, 
ye did it unto me." By this policy many more people 
can be reached and a much larger territory served. 
Have your church become the local dispensary for your 
local effort or county organization. I have in mind a 
church in which the county Red Cross has appointed 
two committees — one on food and the other on clothes. 
Perhaps you say this may be done when there is only 
one church, but this community has five other churches. 
The point is to make your church fill this place, so when 
other people are looking for something of this sort they 
will not hesitate to intrust in your hands this responsi- 

Then we have in every community state and county 
organizations for the care of folks who are sick or oth- 
erwise unable to care for themselves. Many people, 
and especially children, suffer on account of the lack of 
medicine, training and hospital care. Many are handi- 
capped for life, like the impotent man at the pool, be- 
cause no one has helped them. Yet there may be availa- 
ble: state hospitals, free clinics for diagnosis, free 
beds in hospitals maintained by townships, good-hearted 
doctors who under the supervision of a pastor will ren- 
der good service to needy folks. It is the pastor's duty 
to do this as much as some other things we have been 
doing, lo these many years. I have in mind a good col- 
ored mother in a home of many children that was about 
to die with goiter and when a doctor was told about the 
condition in the family by the pastor and wife, he of- 
fered to perform the operation free and the township 
free bed was available. Today the good mother is well 
and hearty and happy in the Lord with three members 
of her family. 

A little lad was backward in school, indifferent to the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

work. His teachers were inclined to say that he did 
not care to study. Bad habits had made him a bad boy 
of the community. But the boy was taken to an eye, 
ear and nose specialist. There it was found that his 
condition was bad. He needed three or four oper- 
ations. From the judge of the Juvenile Court it was 
found there was a state children's fund covering such 
cases. Papers were made out, and now that boy is in a 
state hospital. We are all hoping and praying that this 
boy will come back with new interests and purposes. 

The writer also has in mind a young man whose limb 
was rotting off just below the knee. His parents were 
unable to help financially. The verdict of the local doc- 
tor was that his leg must be cut off. We went to see 
our township supervisor, and this boy was sent to the 
state hospital where he was treated. Today we have a 
fine Christian young man, healthy and strong. Every 
doctor in your community is willing to work with you 
in an unselfish way for the betterment of humanity. 

You are failing in your duty if you do not take ad- 
vantage of these possibilities to help. In many states 
we have free diagnosis for children and adults, and it 
is the duty of pastors and churches to see that this is 
well advertised and people urged to take advantage of 
it. Such small items as eyes, teeth, tonsils and under- 
nourishment mean often a handicap for life. How 
many pastors and Christian people are responsible for 
neglect here it is hard to say. Every one has the right 
to live, and while living to have every advantage of life. 

Bad health conditions are another evil that can be 
remedied in communities by teaching and strict enforce- 
ment of rules and regulations. The pastor can mould 
public sentiment here. It is just as much the duty of 
the pastor to preach sermons on the proper attitude 
towards physical life, as it is to speak on some other 
topics. Ofttimes one can reach the heart and soul by 
bringing relief to the wrecked physical body. 

Then another medium for help is the county agricul- 
tural agent. He seeks through state aid to bring the 
best to the country home. It is the duty of the pastor 
to cooperate with work of this sort : to put on demon- 
strations in various lines of farm activities — dairy, 
poultry, home management, home beautifying, soil 
building and testing. All of these lines are necessary 
in any community. The state is glad to help free of 
charge with plans and men and the pastor can be a lead- 
er in his community. He can enlarge his usefulness by 
doing so. 

Then again, the church should cooperate with other 
educational institutions in the community, especially the 
schools. Both are planning for the good of the people 
they serve and both serve the same group. Both are 
educational agencies and there should be no conflict or 
overlapping in their program. There should be com- 

plete understanding between the pastor and the school 
superintendent. I have found in every community a 
willingness to work with the church in planning the 
yearly program. When programs conflict it may be 
that no effort at all has been made at adjustment. Go 
to your superintendent of schools and talk the yearly 
program over with him and you will find most of these 
troubles can be ironed out. The church and school 
should plan the program of recreation and entertain- 
ment together, for both are powers for good in a com- 
munity. Back up clean sports and recreation, cooperate 
with your school in this. See to it that there is no com- 
petition between the school and the church. Give to the 
school that which belongs to it and let the school give 
to the church that which belongs to it. 

Keep your young people active in lines that are good 
and clean and you will do much in keeping out of your 
community much that is questionable. There is a social 
side to life and we must plan our church calendar from 
this standpoint. The church that fails to notice this is 
the church which is losing its young people today. Do 
not try to compete with the world in entertainment; 
keep your activities clean and wholesome and you can 
attract even the young people of our day. These are 
not suggestions merely, but methods which have been 
worked out with amazing results in a community which 
other folks think may be a bit backward. 

Brethren, Mich. 

Church Activities 


I will endeavor to write concerning the activities of 
the Church of the Brethren, Brethren, Mich., as I have 
observed them, and also helped in various ways to work 
out a successful program that has interested those of all 
ages of our church. We have stressed the Young Peo- 
ple's and the Juniors' divisions more than others. 

I know that many laugh and call us backwoodsmen, 
but yet as I conscientiously think of our past and pres- 
ent activities, I can not help but feel that the Master is 
writing in the Book of Life, " Success." 

We have a very active group of Juniors who have 
their Sunday evening meetings at the same time as the 
Adult and Young People's C. W. Meetings. We have 
an adult that superintends this work, but the children 
have their own officers and hold their elections annually 
for such. Perhaps this seems a very small part of it, 
but it makes it their meeting and they are intensely in- 
terested and seldom miss a meeting. 

These evening meetings consist of singing, scripture 
reading, and prayer. One might think a child can not 
pray, but you ought to hear them. Their prayers are 
very sincere and right to the point. The adult leader 
always has some story or lesson that is helpful to the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

•child. They have their own song books, and can they 
sing? If you think they can't, why, just try it out in 
your own church. 

These little singers of ours have gone to several 
churches in the county, some of our own denomination 
and some of other denominations, to sing. During last 
summer there was held a county wide evangelistic meet- 
ing in one of our neighboring villages, and three of our 
boys went there to sing. They also have helped out in 
various missionary programs, and have gone many 
times with our pastor and wife to other churches to 

This group gives entire evening programs in our 
church and is preparing one now to give in the absence 
of the pastor. Its members have a missionary proj- 
ect that they carry out each year to raise money for 
their missionary offering at Christmas. 

One more thing I must mention is, that last spring at 
the Sunday-school Convention for the eight churches of 
this district they conducted a very fitting and uplifting 
devotional service at the opening of the day's program. 
It consisted of singing, giving scripture verses and 
dramatizing the song, " The Old Rugged Cross." Of 
course it takes a good adult leader and one who is will- 
ing to give much time and patience to this work. These 
children have their own social meetings once a month. 
They meet in their homes and have a splendid evening 
together. Can you use a child in the church ? Certain- 
ly ! And they are right there on the job when once they 
feel that they have a part in the church program. 

The next outstanding feature in our church is the 
Young People's work. We have a group of young folks 
that we are indeed proud of. They are carrying on 
such an important part in the church program that we 
feel that without them we would be crying out in de- 
spair. The Young People's division has been carried on 
in much the same way as with the Juniors, only that we 
had an adult advisor just as long as we felt that they 
needed one and just as soon as they were well enough 
organized to carry on the work themselves the adult 
stepped out, and for some time, a year or two, they have 
been planning and working out their own programs. 
Oh, I hear some one say that they will become worldly 
when left to themselves ; but don't you ever think it, be- 
cause at heart the young are spiritual, perhaps more so 
than many adults who have seen more of the world ! 
Then, too, when they have been trained from childhood 
to take an active part in the church, there isn't much 
danger of their going wrong. I think another impor- 
tant part in this is the discipline in the churchhouse. 
They should learn early in life that it is the house of 
God and they should respect it as such. Music has been 
stressed and worked on quite extensively in our group 
for some time. We have for a number of years had 
choruses, glee clubs, quartets, etc., and have given mu- 

sic programs in our own church and had the privilege 
of going to a number of other churches in this county 
and this church district. This has been worked out 
mostly through the young people and others especially 
interested in music. As a result we have had those of 
all ages in our choir. But some one will say that not 
every one can sing. That may be true, but the few who 
really can't sing, with the help of others, is so small that 
it does not matter much. Of course, we didn't go out 
to sing grand opera ; the idea is to reach the hearts and 
lives of our people, and you can do it in no better way, 
than by rendering some good old hymn in an effective 
way, or by singing a simple anthem. We learn by do- 
ing. Start out on simple music and it is not long until 
you will be surprised at what your choir can do. 

In our church this music program has been worked 
on for a number of years and the blessings we have re- 
ceived can not be expressed in these few lines. We 
started out with the study of music and then advanced 
step by step until we had the joy of giving in several 
churches music programs consisting of more advanced 
numbers. A few years ago we probably had our great- 
est joy, when we gave the oratorio, Queen Esther, with 
all parts taken from our own group. Nearly forty were 
in the choruses. We gave this program in our church 
and then went to a number of other churches in the 
county, and had planned to go to the Grand Rapids and 
Woodland churches, but this plan was not executed be- 
cause a number of our members became ill with influen- 
za. Those helping to make these programs possible 
have nearly all been members of our church, but a few 
who have taken active parts in these were not members 
of our church, but were willing to give themselves over 
to our church program. With the musical programs we 
have been able to raise money and help in the financial 
program of the church. 

In order to carry out a program of this kind there 
must be one, or a group of persons, who are willing to 
spend hours in planning and practicing. There must be 
those ready to face one disappointment after another, 
yet courageously ever pressing onward. 

Worship programs can be worked out with a group 
of singers, using some of the good old hymns that ever 
inspire one to greater and better living. Of course, 
great care must be taken in choosing and interpreting 
them, never losing sight of the message in them. These 
songs can be hummed or chanted, used as responses, 
dramatized and used in many other ways. They reach 
the very heart of your audience, and most of all the 
lives of the young people who are rendering this service 
to the church. 

We have had the privilege of entering into state con- 
tests and taking part in the oratorios given at the Na- 
tional High School Band and Orchestra Camp held at 
Interlochen, Mich., each summer. It is indeed wonder- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

ful to sit with this group and under the best directors 
that can be obtained. Two years ago they gave The 
Creation and last year Elijah. 

Going back to the Young People's organization, we 
have two divisions, that of high school age and a little 
older, and the young married folks and others of the 
same age. These combine for their social activities and 
hold their meetings monthly in the winter and twice a 
month in the summer. They meet in the homes and 
have a short program and games. One splendid feature 
is that the young people are perfectly happy to meet 
with the older ones in their group and this is a splendid 
way of keeping them bound together. 

We are very happy to note that nearly everyone, with 
a very few exceptions, of the young folks are either in 
high school or are graduates. Several have gone on in 
higher education and a number are teachers. This gives 
the church a host of material to work with, and proba- 
bly is another reason why they can work out their own 
programs. A number of churches lose their young peo- 
ple as soon as they enter high school, which is indeed 
unfortunate, but perhaps the church did not start using 
them soon enough. The public school here has cooper- 
ated with the church in a wonderful way, never putting 
on a program that interferes with the church. 

We are unfortunate this year in having the pastor 
gone two or three Sundays in each month. Our pastor 
is doing state evangelistic work. The young people 
have planned to give a program one Sunday night each 
month when the minister is away. When this was writ- 
ten they had given two, and they have been very inter- 
esting indeed, consisting of plays, readings, and songs. 
The senior young people are also planning to give pro- 
grams to help in this time of need. 

There is one more division, the Ladies' Aid Society, 
which I wish to mention. They have always been on 
the job. Their greatest service rendered to the church 
has probably been helping with finance. They have had 
suppers, baked goods sales, sold lunches, quilts, and a 
number of articles to raise money to pay off the debt of 
remodeling the church. Many times they have helped 
to pay the pastor or raise funds for missions. They 
have also rendered a great service to the sick and needy, 
always remembering the sick with flowers or fruit and 
visiting them. Many times they have sewed for those 
in need. The last two years they have canned fruit and 
vegetables. This year they canned nearly two hundred 
quarts in one day to be given to the poor during the 
winter months. 

One may think that these are small things, but what 
did the Master mean when he said : " What ye have 
done unto the least of these my brethren, ye have done 
it unto me " ? 

Brethren, Mich. 

What Can the Church Do for Medicine? 


Sickness is so " wrapped around " with emotions 
and feelings, and the church and religion have chiefly to 
do with emotion and feeling, so it perhaps has been 
natural that the two should, through the centuries, be- 
come confused and mysterious. 

The love and care of the mother for her child causes 
her to readily grasp theories and cults that appeal to 
the feelings. The mother at least gets support from 
these emotional outlets. Sickness brings renewed long- 
ing, intense feelings and emotional outbursts from 
members of the family, neighbors, friends, and ofttimes 
communities. Witness the tense feelings of the nation 
when its ruler is stricken. Even the world holds its 
breath when King George or Queen Marie is stricken. 
Because feelings have been assuaged and fears quieted 
the art of healing has too frequently consisted of prac- 
tices directed wholly to the alleviation of emotional dis- 
tress. This too often works a hardship, for while the 
family, the friends and the patient feel better the in- 
sidious disease often continues its deadly work. Be- 
cause religion deals mostly with the emotions and be- 
cause illness is so bound up with the emotional elements 
of our nature the two are always closely associated and 
the issues have been confused and distorted. 

Plagues and epidemics were rampant in the world 
and always destroyed the most when ignorance was 
prevalent. Sanitation in the dark ages was almost un- 
known, and a plague toll was often enormous. Queen 
Anne had nineteen children, not one of whom reached 
the age of eleven. Black death, in the fourteenth cen- 
tury, took a toll of thirteen million in China ; in Cairo, 
10,000 to 15,000 daily during the height of the epi- 
demic ; Paris lost 50,000 and London, 100,000. In the 
cholera epidemic in the year 1850-51 in Jamaica the 
deaths were so numerous that official carriers buried the 
bodies within 20 minutes of the passing of the unfor- 
tunates. One could continue the dreary catalogue for 
page after page, but why ? It is too morbid. It is given 
here to help the reader grasp the betterment of condi- 
tions which has come since medicine has become a sci- 
ence. The word science means to know, and medical 
men have studied and labored to know; they have de- 
veloped scientific methods of dealing with disease. 

Scientific medicine as we know it today is still in its 
infancy. Although great advances have been made in 
the last fifty years, it is within the ability of persons 
now living to recall the days when superstition and 
fanatical beliefs about the devil possessing the bodies of 
the ailing person were rampant. Before the time of 
Hippocrates, and even long after, the history of medical 
science was interwoven with magic and was thought by 
primitive people to be the gift of the gods. The physi- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


cians were the priests and cure was attempted by exor- 
cism of the demons of disease. As late as the eight- 
eenth century a ceremony was held in New England by 
seven priests for the purpose of casting out seven 

Early Egyptian history produced Imhotep, 3000 B. 
C, who did much for sanitation. In the eighth century 
B. C, ^Esculapius recognized the importance of health 
and the temples of Greece were usually situated in 
groves near springs. They practiced heliotherapy (the 
sun cure) which has only recently been scientifically 
proven of actual curative value. 

A large part of the book of Leviticus is devoted to 
rules for the diagnosis by priests of leprosy, plague, and 
other diseases together with regulations for control of 
these afflictions. Venereal diseases also came in for ex- 
plicit direction and supervision and Moses proclaimed 
numerous rules on sex hygiene and moral relations. 

In 460 B. C. Hippocrates, " the father of medicine," 
laid the first scientific foundation for medicine and 
separated it not only from religion, but also from phi- 
losophy. The Hippocrates oath is still administered to 
students about to graduate and enter the practice of 

" The truth shall make you free." Pallender (1849) 
who discovered the germ of anthrax, Louis Pasteur 
who first discovered the method of killing germs by 
heat, Robert Koch who discovered the germ causing the 
disease of tuberculosis, Jenner (1796) who discovered 
a method of vaccination in the cure of small-pox, were 
all truth seekers. 

Sanitation must be given due credit for the conquer- 
ing of disease epidemics. " Cleanliness is next to godli- 
ness." In the prevention of disease it is godliness. So 
the scientist began taking the " sigh " out of science and 
places were cleaned up. The Panama Canal was a pos- 
sibility because a great scientist cleaned up the area aft- 
er countless numbers had been sacrificed. Malaria was 
controlled because swamps were cleaned up. Cholera 
and dysentery have gone because our food has been 
protected from the fly. Food poisoning is controlled 
because the cause is known. The hookworm has been 
abolished and " laziness " in the South is disappearing. 
Diphtheria is controlled through serums of prevention 
and cure. Gonorrhea and syphilis are under control 
and remedies are known and the truth, instead of super- 
stition, prevails. 

Now what can the church do about it? There are 
still too many people in ignorance and superstition, es- 
pecially where disease is concerned. The church is the 
expounder of truth, and because of the relation of 
church and medicine that has come down through tradi- 
tion, and because of the close emotional relationship be- 
tween religion and disease, the church stands in a posi- 

tion to correct the superstitious beliefs and dispel the 
confusion that prevails regarding the origins of disease 
and the methods available for its cure. 

The church can, and it does, try to dispel supersti- 
tions. It can teach the beauty of cleanliness bodily as 
well as spiritually. It can sanction the teaching of 
truths in nature and in science to the end that we will 
be a healthier and happier people. 

Manistee, Mich. 

The Welfare League and the Church 


Social problems in every community are many and 
varied. The Social Welfare League is a service or- 
ganization established to help people out of difficult 
situations. Our goal is the lessening of pauperism, 
crime and illness. 

The confidence of people coming to the social worker 
is respected. Many times the people need spiritual ad- 
vice and are referred to their pastors. Often people 
with pride hesitate to go to their church for assistance 
because they do not wish their troubles known and dis- 
cussed by the church societies. Good people often do 
families injury with their tongues while helping them 
with their hands. 

The social worker tries to reestablish families, make 
them independent, to do for them what they can not do 
for themselves. An effort is made to raise their stand- 
ard of living, in food, cleanliness, in recreation, and in 
moral conceptions. 

During the present depression, much of our former 
constructive work has had to be pushed aside and every 
resource taxed to the limit for relief, the one great 
need. The highest need of the hour is faith. People 
must return to the church and to the God whom many 
had forgotten in times of prosperity, if they would keep 
their reason. Material things have possessed the souls 
of many and now they must learn themselves and teach 
their children the great values in life. No organization 
should be so well equipped for this social task as the 
Christian church. 

Modern psychology, of which we hear and read so 
much, was not unknown to our church fathers. The 
best pattern, example and teaching for life is still in the 
New Testament. The churches have a wonderful op- 
portunity in the present crisis to strengthen their work 
through service. Young men and women out of work 
need good wholesome recreation which the church 
should plan to provide. There is less money for gas 
and moving pictures and it is the church's great chance 
to substitute and direct a more wholesome recreation in 
neighborhood and home groups. " Man does not live 
by bread alone." 

The pastor of the church should be so closely in 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

touch with the local social worker that he knows what 
is available for his needy members and how such help 
can be obtained. There should be built up such a con- 
fidence between the two that the pastor can discuss his 
social cases with the worker, who is in a position to 
give advice ; and the social worker, in turn, can then re- 
fer in confidence all cases in his church to the pastor for 
a better understanding and character building. 

It is the privilege of the church to give to the un- 
churched and underprivileged families. A family 
should never be too unworthy for the church to serve. 
Any one will help a so-called " worthy family," but the 
church must remember that her Lord and Master came 
" not to call the righteous but the sinner to repentance." 
The rain falls upon the unjust and the just. 

In every community there are the forgotten folk — 
the bed-ridden, the crippled, the lonely aged. To them 
the social worker makes friendly visits and supplies 
what the public pittance can not cover. The church can 
do no nobler work than to bring cheer and sympathy in 
such humble homes. Sometimes when death divides an 
old couple it is better for the one left to enter some 
home for the aged, or a public institution, and church 
visitors are ever welcome there. 

There are cases of illness where the Social Welfare 
League helps by lending bedding, and other missing 
comforts. It perhaps sends a doctor and furnishes 
medicine. Here church people can send in food or help 
care for the children if the mother is ill, and in other 
ways manifest the Christ spirit. 

A Sunday-school teacher may notice a shabbily clad 
pupil whose need can be quietly supplied by the church 
or referred to the league. In many places churches are 
helping in the canning of fruits and vegetables for the 
unemployed. We heard of a church in Ohio which had 
an old-fashioned apple butter bee where the men and 
women peeled and cut up apples in the church. They 
cooked the apple butter, fragrant with odors of spice 
and cider, out of doors in great iron kettles. This spicy 
butter furnished flavor to many a slice of butterless 
bread in children's lunch baskets and on the home table. 

In many churches good women have gathered to 
make over and repair garments, or make new ones to be 
distributed where needed. They have made quilts and 
comforts and babies' and children's clothes. Sometimes 
people ask : " Why can't the people make their own 
children's clothes?" 

Many can, and do wonders with a little material ; but 
some have no sewing machines and are unskilled in 
sewing. Then, too, a woman who earns her living by 
laundry or factory work has little time for sewing. At 
the present time in some homes, mothers lack material, 
even thread and buttons to mend with. Whenever pos- 
sible material is furnished and the mother encouraged 
to do her own sewing. In a neighborly way some com- 

petent woman can often help her young or incompetent 
neighbor to sew for her children. When children have 
to attend school insufficiently or shabbily clad it hurts 
their pride and hinders their progress. 

The question of too much giving, of making paupers 
of people, is a very serious one. Every effort is made 
to encourage people to work, to raise food in gardens, 
to earn potatoes and fruit by gathering them, to get fuel 
from the woods. But now we can not often say, " They 
are too lazy to work," because many say, " I don't want 
help, I want a job." 

In Manistee the Red Cross and Social Welfare 
League cooperate in carrying on the work. The ex- 
penses of the overhead are borne by the League as the 
Red Cross funds are used only for service men and 
their families. 

At this time the social welfare organizations, the Red 
Cross, and the churches should work with the agencies- 
of the government in meeting the emergency and reliev- 
ing the situation. 

Manistee, Mich. 

How the Community Cooperates with the 
County Agricultural Agent 


The County Agent is a local source of information 
on all agricultural problems ; he is also an adviser to the 
county, by advising the farmers what to do and how to- 
do it best. 

The agricultural field is a broad one, too varied in the 
many individual problems of a farm for any one agent 
to pose as an expert qualified to answer all problems. 
The County Agent gets many calls for information. 

As a local representative of the State College of 
Agriculture, he gladly handles these requests, and in 
many cases he makes special trips to visit farms to- 
study problems first hand, and then if he does not know 
the proper answer he refers it to the college for special 
inquiry and solution. 

The County Agent is a leader in the improvement of 
farming and farm life and it is necessary for him to 
study the farms of the county to know the problems 
which are holding back the best possible means of de- 
velopment in that particular county. 

He works with the state college and the leading farm- 
ers to find the most practical solutions for these prob- 
lems. He is then ready to teach the farmers the sig- 
nificance of problems and solutions and encourage and 
influence them to adopt the improved practices which 
are recommended. 

Typical projects studied are : soils improvement, bet- 
ter livestock breeding and care (dairy, beef and hogs), 
fruit culture (spray practice and fertilization), poultry 
management, better chick raising and feeding for eggs, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


better crops (such as alfalfa, potatoes, beans, corn, oats 
for feed), beautification of farm home grounds, farm 
.accounting, better marketing activities, and many other 
important phases of agricultural improvement. 

The solution of the larger problems of the county, 
the things which the agent will emphasize and that large 
number of farmers may adopt, constitutes the extension 

In addition to the general program, special groups are 
organized to carry on definite types of work. In this 
way the boys and girls' work and the home economics 
work for women are organized under the leadership of 
the County Agent. These groups study definite phases 
of home life and good farm practices by carrying on 
specified projects. 

The boys and girls' 4-H club work carries on the fol- 
lowing projects: for girls — canning, sewing and hot 
lunch ; while the boys carry on in crops, gardening, live- 
stock (calf — pig — poultry, etc.), forestry and handi- 
craft. All of these projects are smaller units, but they 
show what good practice does for boys and girls and the 

The home economics group have an opportunity to 
study the following home projects: nutrition, home 
furnishing, clothing, home management and child train- 
ing. The specific training is done by home economics 

All these study groups are organized on a community 
plan and all people interested can become associated 
with them. All communities organized along several 
lines may be a factor in making up the complete ex- 
tension program. 

It should be kept in mind that the county extension 
program does not usually do individual work, but 
usually works in the form of organized groups. All 
this is done for the purpose of passing out information 
of improved practices and to show the practical appli- 
cation for new phases in agriculture for the communi- 
ties as a whole. 

Manistee, Mich. 

Church and School 


The function of the church with relation to the 
school can be two fold: that of moral support and 
sanction for its program. By moral support, we mean 
that in mind the church people will be with the school, 
even if it should not be possible for the majority of the 
people to give actual support by their presence. In re- 
gard to this, the school has also to work with the 
church. The functions of the school should be such 
that the people of the church of that community can 
support the school without wishing that the functions 
were such that everybody were pleased. The church 

and the school should remember that they are both 
working for the same end ; that is, educating the chil- 
dren to a better, brighter, happier life. 

To do this, both institutions must remember that the 
way to success is to have a free-thinking, fair-minded 
group of healthy, physically fit people. This requires 
that the younger set have the right kind of amusement. 
It can not be all work, neither can it be all play. There- 
fore the church and the school have to unite to give the 
instructions and the play. In order to do this success- 
fully there has to be cooperation between the two insti- 
tutions, or there will be conflicts. Such conflicts are 
very bad, as they tend to a comparison of entertainment. 
This naturally leads to the separation of the community 
group into two parts — one that will back the church and 
one that will back the school. But two groups in a 
small town make just one group too many. It can 
usually be arranged so the two groups can get together 
and enjoy both sets of entertainment. This also leads 
to a better attendance at church. 

In small towns where equipment is limited there is no 
reason why it should be duplicated. This equipment is 
not paid for by either the church or the school. It is 
paid for by the people. It should be used by the people. 
Of course, there is always the responsibility of the up- 
keep. This should be divided by both the church and 
the school. It is a pleasure to be able to say we can get 
that from the church, or we can get that from the 

When the church gives the public some function it is 
right for the people to expect that the people from the 
school will be there. If it is impossible for all, at least 
some who can should attend. If the school gives a func- 
tion they in turn should expect to see the people from 
the church there. It should never be said : " I can not 
attend for the people will not like it." The people as a 
whole should see that if it is right they should not talk. 
If it is a function that will take the time of the young 
people, and will enable them to form the habit of get- 
ting along together, objection will not develop. Team 
work will always pay and should be encouraged in ev- 
ery form possible. When people can be made to see 
that if they unite in work and play, they can do better, 
they will advance faster and go farther than if each 
thinks he can work best alone. One of the great advan- 
tages small town people have is the fact that they must 
depend on everybody for help. In any town where the 
school and church are working together you will find a 
willingness to help the other fellow regardless of who 
he is, whether he is up or down, whether he is friend or 

In every place there are always people who will not 
sanction the common program because they do not be- 
lieve this or that. It is the work of both the school and 
the church to overcome this. They should both work 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

together to reduce the number of people who think this 
way. There may be many ways and many means of 
doing this, but neither institution can do as good a piece 
of work on this as both working together. The majori- 
ty should rule. If it is for the betterment of the youth 
no single thought should be held out against it. Neith- 
er you nor I should say, " I do not believe it is for the 
best." If there is any good in it you and I should work 
together to get that good out of it. If there is any 
harm in it you and I will have to work to reduce this 
harm as much as possible. You and I can not condemn, 
we must lead. The only way to do this is through some 
organized institution. What two institutions reach so 
far, stand for the good so much, or should shun the bad 
so much as the church and the school ? Neither can do 
what is needed alone. If the church did it would mean 
the loss of its hold. If the school did this alone it would 
mean less to the people. In order to get the best results 
church and school should stand united for the good and 
the retirement of the bad. 

It is not necessary for the institutions to open their 
doors and say, "If it is right for one it is right for the 
other." This is not always true. There are always two 
methods of attack and it is not necessary for either in- 
stitution to have both. If they are working together, 
and each has one, they both have both. It is always 
true that " If one fails, both have to fail." They are 
both educational institutions working for the same end 
— the training of the youth. No car can run with the 
rear wheels turning one way and the front wheels turn- 
ing the other way. Neither can these two institutions 
go anywhere with one pulling one way and the other 
pulling the other way. " United we stand, divided we 
fall." This is true here as in any other situation. 

Brethren, Mich. 

The Cross of Jesus Christ 

VI. The Cross — The Dynamic of Missionary Endeavor 

Christ said : " If I be lifted up I will draw all men 
to me." At the cross he put a new value on man, show- 
ing that though man was black with sin, degraded, 
broken, bruised, spoiled, and hopeless, yet he was worth 
dying for ; so he poured out himself completely for the 
world of such men. The one who has accepted him 
must also feel the urge to give self in loving service to 
bring such a message to those who need it. Having re- 
ceived freely it is only the ungrateful who will not free- 
ly pass it on. Just as the meaning of the cross compre- 
hended, in like measure will the sense of responsibility 
be felt to carry the good news to others ; in other words, 
the duty of world evangelization will be felt. 

The early church went out in this power alone. The 
disciples did not fully realize until Pentecost what the 

cross and the resurrection meant. Then they began to 
proclaim with power that in no other name could there 
be salvation. As always, two responses came to their 
preaching— many believed and churches were formed ; 
and the unbelieving rose up in opposition and persecu- 
tion. The early church gained victories only on the 
basis that the death of Christ was a reconciling and a 
judgment death. 

But how can the peoples of the earth believe on one 
of whom they have not heard, and how can they hear 
without a preacher, and how can one preach unless he 
is sent forth (Rom. 10: 13-15)? The missionary en- 
terprise of the last century or so was formed and has 
been carried on only with this conviction. All who go 
forth as emissaries of the cross, and they who give to 
support them, must be impelled by the power of that 
cross. Many are the motives that move missionaries to 
go forth. Some are moved by philanthropy ; some by 
compassion or sentiment ; some to be a martyr ; some to 
carry the social gospel and go out for the uplift of the 
masses in educational, temporal and economic lines ; 
some consider Christ as the best and highest product in 
the evolution of man, and present him as One, though 
of high rank, in the great pantheon of leaders and 
founders of religious systems, in all of which there is 
some or a great deal of good which only leads to him. 
(This last has become very common the last few years, 
to the detriment of the cause.) Whatever of good there 
may be in any or all of these purposes, their continuing 
success in turning people to salvation by faith will be in 
exact proportion to the emphasis put on the cross as the 
alone way of salvation. Apart from this no mission 
can have strong initiative and endurance against the 
odds of climate, disease, lethargy, superstition, idolatry, 
and ignorance of the places and peoples to which it 
goes. Some may say that man has not sinned, and some 
may say to let the heathen live and die in their igno- 
rance and God will mercifully deal with them and not 
allow them to go to their eternal doom. Such have not 
seen nor experienced the need of a Savior who has al- 
ready judged the sins of the world and carried their 
penalties, neither have they accepted him personally, 
and so can have no motive for carrying or sending the 
gracious gospel to the peoples of the world. Dr. Mabie 
says in this respect : " Christ achieved victories which 
carried potencies for all men. These must be felt and 
realized by the missionary himself as pure grace, before 
such spirits as Judson in Burma, Livingstone in Africa, 
or Paton in the New Hebrides, will risk all to communi- 
cate them to others. Let the church get away from the 
cross as an achievement wrought in the moral universe, 
and it will not long keep alive the flame kindled by the 
fathers ; much less will it light new fire for their sons. 
The cross considered in all its vicarious power alone 

(Continued on Page 2(0 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 



e Chis "Department 
Conducted by 
H. Spenser Minnich 

Take Your Religion Seriously 

The Christian religion was never more needed in the 
world. " There can be a moratorium (recess) for 
debts, but there can not be a moratorium for the faith 
and missions of the church." If the church is to live, 
her faith and missions must be continuous. The church 
must possess this generation if it is to have one after it. 

Cotton for Missions 

In Oklahoma a father, recognizing the wisdom of 
helping the children develop missionary habits, gave 
nearly two acres of land over to his children to raise 
cotton. They were to give one-third of the crop to 
him, one-third they could keep, and the other third was 
for missions. The oldest of the children is twelve. 
Their proceeds for missions are as follows : 

Isaac $7.12 

George 5.62 

James 4.88 

Ella 35 

Edith 21 

Vernon 46 

Many other wise parents are helping their children to 
raise a garden crop or some live stock, thus teaching 
them to share in the kingdom enterprise. 

Mission Spirit at Hickory Grove, Middle Indiana 

The Young People's Class furnished each child 25 
cents to invest and make what he or she could by 
Thanksgiving time. 

Some raised chickens, some grew vegetables and 
grain. Joy and happiness were in the children's faces 
as they brought in their missionary money. 

One little girl's chickens did so well she had $5 to 
bring. Some of these children made real sacrifices and 
are to be commended for the effort put forth. One lit- 
tle boy raised popcorn and dry weather made his crop 
short, and when sold, he had but 50 cents. He was sad 
and discouraged because it was not more, but after the 
sale of corn and before time to take the money in, a 
relative gave him 50 cents to spend as he wanted to. 

He wanted a sweater very much, but after thinking it 
over he decided to do without and gave $1 for his mis- 
sionary money. He says every other boy in school has 
a sweater, but he has never been heard to wish he had 
kept the 50 cents and gotten one. When the children 
have the missionary spirit like this our field will not lack 
missionaries or necessary funds for missions. May we 
older ones get a lesson from this. 

The Blessing of Sharing 


In commending the Philippians for their gifts to him 
while in prison at Rome, Paul would have them to 
know that he was not concerned primarily about his 
own needs ; that their growth and happiness were his 
chief concern. " Not that I seek the gift ; but I seek 
the fruit that increaseth to your account" (Philpp. 4: 
17). Also in his farewell address to the elders of 
Ephesus he reminded them that while with them he had 
provided for his needs with his own hands and thus 
had given them an example of how, by hard work, the 
strong ought to help the weak, and admonished them to 
remember the words of the Lord Jesus, " It makes one 
happier to give than to be given to" (Acts 20: 35, 

A mother shares her love, interest, energy, time, and 
money, her very life, with her children in times of sick- 
ness and in health, in childhood and in maturity. Her 
life is happier and more satisfying because it is shared 
with those whom she loves. At Christmas time when 
we give gifts to our children, our parents and friends 
we derive a peculiar satisfaction from the giving. Here 
to give is a greater source of happiness than to receive. 
The sharing opens the door to admit a fuller flow of the 
finer qualities of life. I come from the store with a bag 
of candy and give it to my little girl who is playing in 
the yard with some neighbor girls. She gives each of 
the girls a bit of the candy and they eat it together. She 
herself enjoys the candy more than if she would self- 
ishly eat it without sharing it with her playmates. 

There are two different bases for an appeal for sup- 
port of humanitarian activities, community chests, 
charity, the church, missions and the interests of the 
kingdom. Give to these agencies because the need is 
great, because they represent worthy causes, because it 
will bring happiness and cheer to those in need and dis- 
tress. Share your time and money with the church be- 
cause it is an indispensable institution and must have 
support if it is to carry on. Give to missions because 
the heathen need Christ and will not find him unless we 
send them the good news. This is the appeal that is 
most commonly used, and a worthy one it is ; give for 
the benefit and happiness of the recipients. 

But there is another appeal that is important and of- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

ten overlooked. Share with others because of the bless- 
ing of sharing, because of " the fruit that increaseth to 
your account." Share with your neighbor in need for 
your sake as well as his. Support charity, relief, and 
missions because of the good it will do yourself as well 
as your fellow-men. Share your time, energy, and in- 
come with the church and kingdom interests because it 
will do you good ; because it will make your life richer, 
fuller and sweeter. Give to the Lord's treasure because 
you will enjoy what is left more than if you had not 
shared; it is essential for your highest development in 
life. The by-product of a noble deed, the reaction upon 
the doer, is often overlooked. This may seem somewhat 
of a selfish motive for sharing, but it is significant nev- 

We have placed much emphasis on faith, repentance, 
and baptism, and the observance of certain symbols and 
ordinances as necessary means of grace, essential to sal- 
vation. But as a matter of fact the New Testament 
has more to say about sharing, the use we make of our 
possessions, than about baptism, feet-washing, and the 
Lord's Supper. We need to teach the sharing of our 
means as at least equally important as the various ordi- 
nances, essential for complete salvation. Let us empha- 
size the fact that the observance of baptism, the Lord's 
Supper and the other ordinances becomes only mockery 
and a " clanging cymbal " unless they are accompanied 
by the sharing of what God has given us for the glory 
of his name. Therefore give because of the good it will 
do self as well as the cause to which it is given. 

In harmony with the promise of Malachi, tithers tes- 
tify that they can get along better with nine-tenths of 
their income and the blessings of sharing than with all 
of their income for self without the blessing of God. 
Almost without exception the church members who 
give generously for the support of the church and other 
worthy causes get more satisfaction out of sharing than 
other members, who have never had the faith and cour- 
age to give generous sharing a trial, get out of using all 
for self. Oh, the souls that are shriveling up because of 
selfishness ! No wonder Jesus taught that " to give is 
happier than to get " (Moffatt). 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Methods for Mission Workers 
The Missionary Projects for 1933 

Why should there be a mission project for our chil- 
dren's groups each year? What is the ultimate aim? 
What should happen to the child because he helped in 
the project? The project leader might well take time 
to think this through. We can not answer such ques- 
tions adequately in the space allowed, but the following 
thought may help to see why. 

Missions, world friendship, international-mindedness 

— what do we mean when we speak of these great mat- 
ters in connection with our little children? Are they 
synonymous or does the first include the others and add 
a distinct element which the others do not have ? Some 
one has said that missionary education has as its aim, 
" the development of a well-rounded Christian charac- 
ter and the expression of that character in unselfish 
service." In other words there must be built up within 
the child certain attitudes toward God and toward other 
peoples ; certain appreciations of what God has done 
for us, and of the interdependence upon one another in 
a world that God planned for our cooperative living. 
Once these attitudes and appreciations toward God and 
toward our fellow-man have been established, our un- 
selfish service will follow almost automatically. Our 
gratitude toward God the " perfect giver " and toward 
people of all lands who also share with us their arts and 
commodities, inspires a desire to serve. 

The missionary projects are a method by which part 
of this can be accomplished. The project leader, how- 
ever, needs to reach much farther than the project itself 

Junior Missionary Project 

" Choosing Chinese Chums " is the title of the junior 
missionary project for 1933. For the last three years 
the project has been in India. The aim is to help the 
children to learn to know more about the work of our 
missionaries in China, to know the Chinese children, 
and then to give them an opportunity to share with 
them whereby they will be able to build more beautiful 
and useful lives. 

We have at the present time about thirty-two mis- 
sionaries working in China. They can not do all of this 
work alone. They need the help of the juniors. 

Just a word about a new phase of the project. A 
friendship folio for China has been planned and pre- 
pared by an interdenominational committee. Boys and 
girls all over America will work on this part of our 
project. The folio is only partly finished. It will be 
part of the work of the children to finish the folio. Di- 
rections for working on the folio will be found in the 
project leaflet, " Choosing Chinese Chums." Here are 
some suggestions for beginning your project work : 

Send for the leaflet, " Choosing Chinese Chums," 
which sets forth the project plans. 

Send for one friendship folio which is like a friend- 
ship book, but it isn't finished. 

Study the mission book for the juniors. It is called 
" New Joy." It will help to understand the Chinese 

Clip all the Chinese pictures, stories, and poems 
which you find in the magazines or papers. Put them 
up in your classroom. These will help to build a Chi- 
nese atmosphere. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


Plan how you will earn your money, for the friend- 
ship folio is not the only part of the project. 

Think hard on the best way to carry on the project in 
the light of local possibilities. 

Work together on it. 

Intermediate Missionary Project 

"Intermediates Go to China via Goodwill," is the title 
of the intermediate missionary project. The intermedi- 
ate group this year will work in China. There is so 
much to be done there. Their efforts will be linked 
with the missionaries who are over there now trying to 
do all they can. 

Just what are the missionaries doing for the Chinese 
children that the intermediates should help? 

They are pointing to Jesus the great example of a 
useful life. They are telling them of the one God who 
is over all. They step into the Chinese homes and there 
try to help the members of the family to live more kind- 
ly and helpfully. They point them to the Christian way 
of life both by example and teaching. They carry on 
mission schools where they can come to learn, thus be- 
ing more able to get along in life. They teach them the 
right kinds of food to eat. They help them to see be- 
yond their own narrow life, to the great world beyond, 
which needs love and understanding and help. These 
missionaries are trying to open windows into the souls 
of the Chinese boys and girls. They will thus be able 
to see farther and clearer. The money the intermedi- 
ates raise this year through their project will go to the 
Chinese mission for the benefit of the growth of the 
boys and girls with whom our missionaries are work- 

Besides this phase of the project they will also help 
in the friendship folio as described above. Along with 
the project work, the intermediate classes should study 
the mission book, " The Young Revolutionist." It de- 



General Mission Board 
Elgin, Illinois 

Please send the following items which are checked: 

Friendship Folios, 60c each. (One is enough if the 

group is not too large.) 

Leaflets, "Choosing Chinese Chums," to explain the 


Leaflets, "Intermediates Go to China via Goodwill." 

Mission study book, "New Joy," 75c. 

Mission Study Book, "The Young Revolutionist." 

Name Congregation 

picts the life of a Chinese boy who is not willing to ac- 
cept all the Chinese customs and traditions. It is worth 
the study of all intermediate groups. 

NOTE. For fuller information regarding the above 
projects and also the one for the young people, write to 
the General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois. 

Address District. 

News from the Field 



J. M. Blough 
Annual Bible Institute 

The annual Bible institute was held here from Nov. 17 to 
27. The attendance was not as large as I was accustomed to 
for our staff of workers is not as large as it used to be. 
And the general audiences were also smaller because the 
number of our boarding children is only half of what it was 
formerly. But the interest was good and the preaching was 
good. Rev. Garrison of the Alliance Mission preached for 
us and put strong emphasis on repentance, new birth, con- 
fession of sin, baptism of the Holy Spirit, love and prayer. 
While there were only a few public confessions of sin, yet 
we know the Spirit was working, and the meetings closed 
with a splendid testimony meeting in which many testified 
to blessing. 

Our love feast was held on Nov. 26. It was a time of 
great rejoicing for it was the first communion to be held in 
the new church. What a joy to have a place large enough 
to accommodate the people ! There were 360 present yet 
there was room for all. The spring feast is much larger, so 
that will tax the church's capacity. On the day of the feast 
there were fourteen baptisms. 
The Doctor Comes to Vyara 

Nov. 28 and 29 were great days at Vyara for Dr. Fox and 
his staff had come from Bulsar. The first day was operation 
day. (The operating apparatus was set up on the boys' hos- 
tel veranda and two ordinary tables were used for operating 
tables. The staff worked fine and Dr. Fox went from one 
table to the other as rapidly as the patients could be pre- 
pared and cared for. Thirty-two children had their tonsils 
removed that day and all are doing fine.) What an im- 
provised hospital we had with so many patients all lying 
close together on the floor — girls in one room and boys in 
the other. At noon a very critical emergency case was 
brought in from the town and it took more than an hour of 
the doctor's time. The second day the clinic was held on 
the bungalow veranda, which kept the doctor busy till 
eleven o'clock at night. What a blessing to have capable 
doctors ! 
Evangelistic Work 

Now the district evangelistic work takes on new life for 
the touring season is here. Tents and everything are ready 
and we are eager to start out to spend the winter months 
among the workers and Christians in the villages. Two 
groups have been arranged, each with a lantern, so we hope 
by the grace of God to be able to cover the field fairly well. 
Bro. Edward Zieglers have been located at Vyara and were 
to move here in November, but on account of his illness 
from typhoid fever they have not been able to come. They 
will move some time in December and join one of the tour- 
ing parties. Bro. Ziegler is an evangelist and we are eager 
for his help in this great field. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


Calendar for Sunday, January 15 

Sunday- school Lesson, Jesus at Work. — Mark 1 : 21-45. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, The Divine-Human Instinct. 

B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

Young People — Youth and War. 

Intermediate Girls — Becoming Friends with Jesus. 

Intermediate Boys — What Would You Do? 
* 4 * * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the La Porte church, Ind. 

Three baptisms in the Modesto church, Calif. 

One baptized in the Mt. Hope church, Wash., Bro. Ed 
Cunningham of Olympia, Wash., evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the Sunnyside church, Wash., Bro. 
Geo. Strycker of Hanford, Wash., evangelist. 

Seven baptized in the Mechanicsburg church, Pa., Bro. J. 
E. Whitacre of Harrisburg, Pa., evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the church at Williamsburg, Pa. 

Seven baptisms in the Middle River church, Va., Bro. C. 
G. Hesse of Roanoke, Va., evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the Midland church, Mich. 

Ten baptized and three reclaimed in the Albright church, 
Pa., Bro. Blair Hoover of Carson Valley, Pa., evangelist. 

Four baptized and one received on former baptism in the 
Lanark church, 111. 

Three baptized in the Reading church, Ohio. 

Twenty-two baptisms in the Scalp Level church, Pa., Bro. 
H. D. Jones of Aurora, N. Y., evangelist. 

Four accessions in the Ft. Wayne church, Ind., Bro. J. O. 
Winger of North Manchester, Ind., evangelist. 

One addition to the Buffalo church, Ind., Bro. R. O. 
Shank of Flora, evangelist. 

Eleven additions to the Eaton congregation, Ohio, Bro. R. 
O. Shank, evangelist. 

Fourteen baptisms in the Elmdale church, Mich., Bro. C. 
H. Deardorff of Hartville, Ohio, evangelist. 

Eighteen baptized in the Daleville congregation, Pleasant- 
dale house, Va., Bro. Raymond R. Peters, pastor-evangelist. 

Three born into the kingdom and two reclaimed in the 
Heidelberg church, Pa., Bro. W. G. Group of East Berlin, 
Pa., evangelist. 

Nine baptized and one reclaimed in the Falling Spring 
church, Browns Mill house, Pa., Bro. L. Shanholtz of Lev- 
els, W. Va., evangelist. 

<fr * «fr * 

Personal Mention 

Bro. Perry S. Parker, Cambridge, Nebr., is available for 
several evangelistic meetings this winter and spring. 

Bro. Oliver Royer, pastor of the Alliance church of 
Northeastern Ohio, is available for two revival meetings in 
1933. Those interested will write him at Alliance, Ohio, 75 
Rice St. 

Bro. Ezra Flory has been counting up the baptisms re- 
ported in the Messenger during 1932. He says the total for 
the United States and Canada is 6,771. There were some 
reported in every issue, the largest number at one time be- 
ing 322, Oct. 22. Pennsylvania heads the list for the year 
with 1,505. Other states reporting more than 100 are Vir- 
ginia 790, Indiana 770, Ohio 699, West Virginia 540, Mary- 

land (and D. C.) 392, Illinois 316, Kansas 294, Michigan 193, 
Iowa 174, California 154, Tennessee 143. 

Bro. J. F. Burton, 2325 Des Moines St., Des Moines, Iowa, 
wishes us to announce that he is available for evangelistic 
meetings or a pastorate. 

Western Maryland is to be represented on the Standing 
Committee at Hershey this year by Eld. J. E. Walls, with 
Eld. Arthur Scrogum as alternate. 

Christmas greetings from China missionaries have 
reached the Messenger editorial rooms in the form of newsy 
letters from the Ikenberrys, the Crumpackers and Sister 
Minneva Neher. They all refer to problems and difficulties 
but it must have been a good year in spite of these. The 
dominant note in all the letters is one of gladness and hope- 

Speaking of successive generations of preachers, Bro. 
Jerome E. Blough of Johnstown, Pa., cites a case of four 
generations of ministers in the Blough family, all in the 
Church of the Brethren. Their names are Jacob (deceased), 
Emanuel J. (deceased), Elijah E. (Manassas, Va.), and Les- 
lie E. (Belpre, Ohio). He himself, with two other brothers, 
Silas S. (Fort Wayne, Ind.) and Jacob M. (India), belongs 
to the third of these generations. 

The Regional Conference for the McPherson Area this 
year is to be held at McPherson College Feb. 19 to 24. The 
program which will be given later in fuller form shows the 
names of Otho Winger, Edward Frantz, Ruth Shriver and 
C. E. Davis among the leaders, along with the local talent. 
You may be glad to know now that " room will be provided 

From the Morning's Mail 

A good brother and wife who are much interested in the 
church on sending a contribution to the Conference Budget 
have this to say: 

"Would like to make a suggestion: Any member or fam- 
ily of the Church of the Brethren that gives $25 to the 
Mission Board for missions be sent The Gospel Messenger 
without charge." 

They make this suggestion not because they want the 
Messenger free, but because they believe the members of 
the church should be reading the church paper. What do 
you think of the proposition? What can you suggest that 
will place the Messenger into every home in your congrega- 

Of course, if the Messenger is sent free to donors of cer- 
tain amounts it must be paid for from some source. Would 
it be right to take a certain amount of the donation to pay 
for the Messenger? If so, how much? At present anyone 
paying $25 as a subscription price receives the Messenger 
during his lifetime without further cost. 

Should congregations that- place the Messenger into 
eighty per cent of the homes of the members receive it at a 
reduced rate? And should congregations that place it into 
every home be allowed a still lower rate? Are you ready 
to consider a proposition along these lines for your congre- 
gation? Suppose at least five hundred of you write the 
Messenger concerning this matter, and write the day you 
read this. Will you do it? 

Remember the Brethren Publishing House prints the 
Messenger. Whatever profits are made by the House, after 
paying all legitimate expenses, go back into church work. 
The House is not run for profit but for service. Your sug- 
gestions may help to make both the Messenger and the 
House of greater service. — J. E. M. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


free of charge and board at a very nominal rate. . . . 
Churches are urged to send representatives wherever pos- 
sible." * «$• 4» * 

Miscellaneous Items 

Next week's Messenger (Jan. 21 issue) will be a special 
Achievement number. Extra copies for those who should 
know more about the work of the church will be sent free 
to names and addresses submitted, or in bulk to those re- 
questing extra copies for distribution. Order from General 
Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

According to Professor William E. Hocking the Christian 
church has three functions : " First, worship ; second, teach- 
ing and the expression of goodwill in charity ; third, mis- 
sions — that is, the expression of the belief of the church that 
it is the destiny of its truth to be universal. . . . You 
can not have a successful church that is not interested in 
the world-wide aspect of the truth that it proclaims." 
$ ♦> 4> * 

Around the World 

Perhaps economy, rather than extravagance is to become 
the fashion. At least Elizabeth Reeve Morrow, eldest 
daughter of the late Senator Dwight W. Morrow, recently 
married to Aubrey Niel Morgan, set a good precedent for 
such a move when she mailed wedding announcements sec- 
ond class, or in unsealed envelopes going for a cent and a 

" Around the church again we must build our community 
life," writes George W. Godfrey. " Even entertainment that 
we have been buying for some time we must now make for 
ourselves, and that will be associated with the church. The 
rural church has an opportunity today that it has not had 
before in this generation to build the Spirit of Christ into 
rural life. It will mean pioneer hardship and sacrifice but 
will demonstrate the sincerity of real Christianity." 

In Friendship Books to be prepared by certain promoters 
of international goodwill it is proposed to put this message 
of greeting to the youth of Japan : " We believe our mod- 
ern world is interdependent economically, culturally and 
spiritually. We believe it will not be a good world for any 
of us until it is a good world for all of us. We believe the 
nations in such a world must cooperate to build a common 
peace and prosperity. We believe humanity must develop 
more rapidly this sense of world-wide social solidarity if we 
are to preserve life's greatest values in our time. As a part 
of the effort to unite the youth of our generation in this 
spirit we send to you our goodwill and hopefully await your 
response." This would be a good introductory note to go 
in all books of wide circulation, especially if the spirit of it 
could be lived up to by the writers of books. 
* * * * 
Our Bookshelf 

Book reviews for this column are prepared by J. E. Miller, Literary 
Editor for the Brethren Publishing House. Any book reviewed in 
these columns, and any others you wish to order, may be purchased 
through the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. — Ed. 

The Course of Christian Missions, by William Owen 
Carver. Fleming H. Revell Company. $3.00. 320 large 

Having studied and taught missions for years the author 
sets forth his impressions of the great missionary movement 
from the beginning of the Christian church down to the 
present. Throughout he shows the relation of missions to 
history and their effect upon history. It is not a book for 
the general reader, but for the student and teacher. 

In these days when the recent survey made by the laymen 

group is so fresh in the memory of all, and while their 
recommendations and criticisms are being discussed, it will 
aid those who would know missions in all lands and periods 
to re-think what the church has done in these nineteen cen- 
turies in the way of spreading the gospel in all lands. This 
book gives just such a picture. i 

If you are building a mission library you should not fail 
to add this book. It is one which you will frequently refer 
to for information and comparison. 

Stories for Talks to Boys, by F. H. Cheley. Association 
Press. 366 pages. $2.00. 

Here are stories gathered from far and wide, ancient 
times and the present. They are well selected and well told 
short stories that breathe with life. Seldom does a story 
cover a whole page. They are stories for all times and oc- 
casions ; stories that stick and drive home the truth without 
moralizing. The stories are classified under nearly a hun- 
dred general heads while each one has its own title. 

True character building stories one might call the selec- 
tion. Originally published in 1920, this new and revised edi- 
tion will appeal strongly to group leaders, teachers and oth- 
ers who are seeking through stories and poems to win and 
hold the attention of boys while they try to make the truth 
stick by means of illustrative material. 

While these stories are fine for use of leaders and teach- 
ers their chief value lies in this, that boys will want to read 
and reread them time and again. Such a book on your 
boy's table in his own room will become thumb worn as he 
turns to his favorites. 


The Baptism of Jesus 

For Week Beginning January 22 

John Would Have Hindered Him, Matt. 3: 14 

Every great soul feels unworthy of the work he is called 
to do. But forgetting himself he does the best he can 
(Matt. 8 : 8 ; 25 : 37 ; Luke 5:8; John 13 : 8 ; 1 Cor. 15 : 9). 
To Fulfil All Righteousness, Matt. 3: 15 

Jesus did not break with the religious heritage of his 
people. He fulfilled it. He caused it to grow into some- 
thing higher and finer (Psa. 45: 7; Isa. 11: 5; 59: 17; Jer. 
23: 5; Rev. 19: 11). 
The Heavens Open . . . and a Dove, Matt. 3: 16 

The heavens opened — here is God's power. As a dove — ■ 
here is communion, love, sympathy (Acts 7: 56; 10: 11; Rev. 
19: 11). 
Thou Art My Beloved Son, Mark 1: 11 

He knows for sure that God is his father and that he is 
his beloved Son. The truth of God's fatherhood and man's 
sonship comes only to those who consecrate themselves to 
his purposes (Matt. 12: 18; 17: 5; Mark 1: 11; Eph. 1:6; 
Col. 1: 13; Heb. 5: 5). 
An Act of Consecration, Luke 3: 22 

Why was Jesus baptized? Certainly not as an act of re- 
nunciation of sin. Rather was it an act of consecration to 
God's will for him (Ex. 32: 29; Prov. 23: 26; Rom. 12: 1; 
Judges 5:2; Psa. 40: 7; Acts 6: 4; 2 Cor. 8: 5). 


What does it mean to fulfil all righteousness? In what 
respects has baptism the same meaning for us as for Jesus? 
A different meaning? R. H. M. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


When Does a Preacher Preach Christ? 


Article Supplied by the Pastoral Association 

Preaching is still the capstone of the worship pro- 
gram of the Protestant Church and bids fair to become 
more important as history is made. Numberless vol- 
umes have been written and an almost endless flow of 
lectures have been given, emphasizing the highness and 
the holiness of the call of the Christian ministry. So 
much has been written and said that it seems trite to 
mention the fact. However, we have often failed to 
give due emphasis to the corollary of this large oppor- 
tunity which the ministry offers. This high privilege 
should be matched by an equally high measure of char- 
acter and efficiency. Privilege always means responsi- 
bility. " Unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall 
much be required." And the ministry can not afford 
to give individuals a place who come because they feel 
the work of the ministry is easier than plowing, or be- 
cause they " believe that the emotional satisfaction to be 
found in public religious address is more gratifying " 
than serving in some other vocation, or because " they 
covet the sort of prestige which goes with religious 
leadership in a community." 

If preaching has first place in the program of the 
church, then preaching Christ is the chief business of 
the ministry. Everything else must be secondary. 
There are two prime requisites for preaching Christ. 
First, the minister must know him, whom he is to 
preach. However, this knowledge must be more than 
intellectual. Too much of our religious zeal is sub- 
merged into intellectual idleness. We may know all that 
history and literature has to say about him and still fail 
to know him. To know Christ is not only an experi- 
ence of the mind, but also of the heart. Jesus is not 
only a character of history, he is a living Personality. 
And to know him we must feel something of the pas- 
sion which gripped his soul when he stood on the 
Judean hill and cried, " O Jerusalem, Jerusalem . . . 
how often would I have gathered thy children together, 
as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings !" We 
must appreciate that tenderness of soul which forced 
those sympathetic tears to his cheeks when he faced the 
heart-broken sisters, Mary and Martha. We must sym- 
pathetically understand that sense of responsibility 
which dominated his whole life. Was it not this which 
was expressing itself when he said to his mother: 
" Wist ye not that I must be about my Father's busi- 
ness?" Was it not this which caused him to feed the 
hungry, heal the sick, give sight to blind? Whatever 

else may be necessary for the effective preaching of 
Christ, this acquaintance comes first. 

Also the minister must understand something of the 
need which Jesus came to meet. The Jews were not 
the only people who would have him to set up an ideal 
political unit or propound a panacea for all material ills. 
Throughout the history of the Christian church men 
have again and again closed their eyes to the needs 
which Jesus came to meet. The most vital needs of the 
human race are not to be found in philosophies, sciences 
or systems. They are seated deep in the human heart. 
The major part of the Master's ministry was not to the 
masses but to individuals. What the needs of these 
hearts are can not be guessed at. It takes fellowship 
and study. We must touch the hearts of our fellow- 
men in a vital way. We must feel its passion and long- 
ing. We must share its suffering and pain. 

When a minister has made his acquaintance thus 
with the heart of the Master, and with the heart of man, 
he is ready to preach Christ. But the test of his having 
done so will not come with one or one hundred, or one 
thousand sermons. The test of preaching Christ does 
■ not come with preaching. The test comes in the fruit 
of preaching. Are a minister's sermons producing 
Christian character in the life of the preacher and hear- 
ers? This is the telling factor. Are lives made more 
tender, more sympathetic, more hopeful and more loyal 
to him? This is the real test. 

Shippensburg, Pa. 

Physical Activities Here and There 


Second Half 

The Philadelphia church has no cemetery of its own, 
but to provide for this necessity and to safeguard the 
future, a meeting was held in Germantown as early as 
Aug. 5, 1840, at which Peter Keyser was called to the 
chair. Its purpose was to secure the right of burial to 
all members in both Germantown and Philadelphia. An 
unrecorded incident brought the matter forcibly into 
question thirty-two years later when John Fox was in- 
structed by resolution of Feb. 5, 1872, to take steps to 
establish the same right and privilege agreed upon at 
the meeting in 1840. A favorable report was rendered 
on June 12, 1872, followed by printed rules and regu- 
lations bearing a preamble " that no misunderstanding 
may arise in regard to the right of burial," etc. 

For fifty-seven years the church depended on Coop- 
er's Creek, N. J., across the river, and " Peter Lei- 
bert's " Creek, Wissahickon Creek, and the Schuylkill 
and Delaware Rivers for baptizing purposes, at a cost 
of 75c to $1.50 a person for " a place to dress." John 
Fox was progressive in his vision and leadership. On 
Oct. 1, 1874, when eighty-seven years of age, he stated 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


in council that " the time has come when we should 
have a pool; we now have much difficulty baptizing in 
the river; we must always wait for the tide or baptize 
in the mud." With the elder strongly in favor of the 
move, the brethren lost no time. From the splendid 
record left by Isaiah G. Harley, Church Clerk as well 
as Secretary of the Board of Trustees, we note that — 

"Sunday evening, October 1 1, 1874, baptized by Jesse 
P. Hetric for the first time in the pool in the church, 
Charles Kline, Charles Hartmann, Henry Hartmann." 

Henry Hartmann was the brother of Charles, and 
later withdrew with the plain brethren who were or- 
ganized by Annual Meeting Committee as a separate 

Sept. 6, 1874, nine were baptized in the Delaware 
River, and the last of this group was " Kate A. Har- 
ley " (Isaiah's daughter) who later married Charles 
Hartmann. The last one baptized in the Delaware was 
Matthew Kolb on Sunday afternoon, Sept. 20, 1874. 

The church approved the Board's recommendation 
of April 13, 1892, for the erection of a Sunday-school 
building to the rear of the main structure " provided 
sufficient money is subscribed to justify the building 
committee to proceed with the work " ! It was com- 
pleted in the fall of that year and presented in its en- 
tirety to the church by Mary S. Geiger at an approxi- 
mate contract cost of $5,000. But here is a sad story, 
never before on record, disclosed to me by Rowland C. 
Evans, now an attorney-at-law and member of the 
church, who remembers the circumstance very well. 
Proper precautions had not been taken to determine 
and fix the liability of the contractor. He proved a 
bankrupt. As construction progressed, liens were 
promptly filed by sub-contractors and material men. 
Consequently the church found itself obligated not only 
to satisfy the liens but to meet the price of the main 
contractor! Sister Geiger came to the recue on both 
counts, the project costing her almost double $5,000! 

In August, 1897, a two-story parsonage was pur- 
chased at No. 2414 North Seventeenth Street for $3,- 
200, plus cost of transfer. Mary S. Geiger not only as- 
sumed a reconditioning expense of $294.29, but con- 
tributed $1,000 cash to the purchase price. The bal- 
ance was held on mortgage through funds advanced 
from the Poor Fund. This parsonage was occupied by 
the pastor until July, 1899, when it was rented. The 
Trustees waited a long time for a buyer, and finally sold 
it at a loss May 10, 1917, for $2,750.00. 

On May 3, 1903, Mary S. Geiger took title to the 
present three-story parsonage at No. 2260 North Park 
Avenue and deeded it to the church Feb. 23, 1904. It 
was valued at the time at $6,250. 

The Crown Street church was popularly known as 
" Peter Keyser's Church." With all that records and 

memory reveal, a popular and suitable name for the 
present one would have been the " Mary S. Geiger 

In 1905, the main church auditorium was enlarged by 
an extension of twelve feet at a cost of $16,629.49, 
towards which $16,862.95 was collected. A unique 
resolution of April 2, 1906, states that as " Sister Mary 
S. Geiger has contributed in a large degree, the balance 
of $233.46 in the hands of the Treasurer of the Build- 
ing Committee is turned over to her in full realization 
and expression of appreciation of her great aid and 
support in the rebuilding of the church edifice." This 
money no doubt found its way back to the church. 

Other alterations and permanent improvements have 
been made from time to time so that the present value 
of " all funds and church properties " exceeds $75,000, 
with a current annual overhead expense of $6,000. 

Contributions to missions is a separate story already 

We must mention here another physical activity with 
a decided spiritual background that may have con- 
tributed in its way to the separation that followed a few 
years later. 

The church was about to move to a new location and 
dress itself in a more modern building. As part of the 
new attire, an organ was thought desirable for the de- 
velopment and promotion of the Sunday-school. By 
March 4, 1872, $47 had been collected and the Board 
agreed that the scholars be furnished with pass books 
to solicit money for the fund. An organ was selected 
but apparently it was too small for the purpose. A min- 
ute of Jan. 14, 1873, authorized "the self-made commit- 
tee on organ to exchange the one in its possession for a 
larger and stronger one." On Feb. 10, 1873, an organ 
and stool were reported purchased for the sum of $161 
and placed in the Sunday-school room of the basement. 
Catherine Harley Hartmann, now in her eightieth year, 
was the organist. This piece of furniture was later 
moved to the main auditorium for some special occa- 
sion, and Sister Hartmann intimates that " they forgot 
to return it to the basement " ! It gradually worked its 
way into the church service. Perhaps this was the first 
organ used in any service of the Brotherhood ; as the 
baptismal pool was likely the first in its line. However, 
we are receptive, if facts are to the contrary. 

An interesting stroke of local precaution was 
launched on Nov. 1, 1909, when the Board of Trustees 
authorized and directed its President and Secretary to 
execute a Bond and Mortgage for $25,000 against the 
church property. It was purposely not recorded. Mary 
S. Geiger appeared as mortgagee and the church as 
mortgagor, she meeting all expenses entailed in the 
transaction which is the reverse of custom in mortgage 
obligations. It was a very confidential piece of business 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

at the time. No reason was openly given. Few knew 
anything about it. As a matter of fact, its object was 
to forestall any successful attempt at preemption of ti- 
tle by the Brotherhood at large ! Your own conclusions 
will suffice. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

The Cross of Jesus Christ 

(Continued From Page 12) 

can create in disciples moral earnestness and courage 
requisite for the dethronement of heathenism and the 
purgation of its corruptions. The conflict is not be- 
tween rival systems of religion, but between two rival 
kingdoms — between Christ and Satan ; and Christ's en- 
ergy alone is equal to the conquest." The sins of the 
world were judged on the cross and the " Lamb of 
God " took them away and potentially forgave the race 
and purchased it for himself. Here is the greatest mo- 
tive ever to stir up the church to missionary effort in 
any age ; and to prepare its members to carry the letter 
of pardon to those " condemned already because they 
have not believed on the only begotten Son of God " 
(John 3: 18). 

The message of the cross is so powerful, when really 
taken to heart, that it will overrule all obstacles of race, 
color, caste, and creed, and no one can hold pride of 
birth or position and say that no other is worthy to ac- 
cept it. Neither will there be any room for classes or 
factions in his body, the church. That was one of the 
troubles in Corinth — they had failed to understand the 
cross and the new life in Christ. So Paul makes his 
first answer and greatest remedy to the factious condi- 
tion to be the cross as the power of God unto salvation 
(1 Cor. 1). 

Does not the thermometer of our Mission Board fi- 
nances show to what extent the membership of the 
church is warmed up and energized by the appreciation 
of the cross ? Or is the seed of the cross " choked with 
the cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and so 
brings no fruit to perfection" (Luke 8: 14)? If the 
latter is true the proper concern for the unsaved of the 
world can not be felt, and so gifts are slow in coming in 
for the work of evangelization. 

Granted that we have the real motive and message, 
what may be expected to result from its proclamation? 
What does the sending church and the sent individual 
hold as the final goal of evangelistic effort? Is it to 
add our bit to bring India, China, Africa, and other 
countries — the whole world — to Christ? To make 
Christian nations? To convert the world? Is there a 
real Christian nation today? I dare say, no; nor ever 
has been, nor ever will be in this gospel age. I find no 
hint given by Christ or any New Testament writer that 
all the population of any community or country are to 

be converted by the preaching of the gospel ; neither has 
history verified it. But there are plenty of instances of 
opposition and hatred, and the increase of evil. But 
the happy part is that everywhere the gospel has gone it 
has " called out " some who believe and accept its mes- 
sage, and these make up his body, the church. After 
Christ returns all the world will be brought to know 
him. It is the church's business to present Christ to the 
world, and not to bring the world to Christ, to evan- 
gelize the world and not to convert it. I conceive evan- 
gelization to mean, that the message of the cross is to 
be presented to the peoples of the world or of any com- 
munity, in such a way and to such an extent, that they 
will have sufficient conception of its meaning to decide 
whether they will accept him or not. 

Christ must be exalted as a universal Savior, and not 
nationalized. To quote a couple of Hindu converts : 
" A Hinduized Christ is never going to Christianize 
Hindus. We need none of the living seeds that may be 
found in the dead hand of a mummified Hinduism. We 
have found purer and better seeds in the living hand of 

Darkest Before Dawn 


That conditions have to get worse before they can get 
better, comes very near being a proverb. But proverb or 
no proverb there is a good deal of truth in the statement. 
New situations arise which call for new adjustments, but 
always there is an inertia in human nature which tends to 
prevent the change from being made. Those interests which 
stand to lose temporarily by the readjustments seem always 
to be well organized, and the noise they make is clearly out 
of proportion to their importance, while the great masses 
who will be benefited by changes do not have the unity of 
purpose, the clearness of vision or the singleness of voice to 
get action. But if maladjustments are bad enough and if 
their effects happen to be cumulative as is frequently the 
case, a crisis finally comes when the inertia gives way to ac- 
tion and the Babel of suggested remedies converges into one 
cosmic command. 

The world is in a bad way both economically and spirit- 
ually. It has been in a pretty bad way ; but not so bad that 
by overlooking wherever possible, and by patching up with 
some makeshift where the trouble couldn't be overlooked, we 
were able to muddle along. One is almost tempted to say, 
fortunately, the result of such a "get by" policy is to get us 
into deeper and deeper trouble until we are forced to do 

Now the men who know most about such affairs have 
been telling us for a good while, that the war debt arrange- 
ment was wrong, that tariffs are suicidal, that armamerts 
are instruments of destruction, and that failure to cooperate 
for world peace is criminal. 

In this dark hour, weighed down by poverty, material and 
spiritual, haunted by the cry of hungry children, let us have 
faith in our kind to turn from the muddle of quackery to the 
path pointed out by those whose information is most com- 
plete in such matters. 

Fort Wayne, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


God's Christ." " The doctrine that decided me to em- 
brace the Christian Religion, and make a profession 
publicly of my faith, was that of the vicarious death 
and sufferings of Christ. I felt myself a sinner, and 
found in Christ One who had died for my sins, paid the 
penalty due to my sins. It is the differentiating line be- 
tween Christianity and all other religions." 

If Christ has not died vicariously and substitutional- 
ly, then there is no excuse for missions, yea, no excuse 
for the church in the world. Christ must be exalted as 
the One above all others; he must be shown and ac- 
cepted as the Light of the World, the Bread and Water 
of Life, the only Way, Truth, and Life, by which alone 
men can come to the Father ; the Good Shepherd that 
gave his life for the sheep; the Lamb of God that tak- 
eth away the sin of the world ; — Jesus Christ, the first 
begotten of the dead, unto him that loved us and 
washed us from our sins in his own blood, and hath 
made us kings and priests unto God and his Father ; to 
him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen. 

Degraff, Ohio. 

■ m • 

To the Women of the Southeastern Region 

President of Women's Work of Southeastern Region 

Nineteen thirty-two is now history — history with 
its record of good and bad — history reminding us on 
memory's pages of unforgettable mistakes with encour- 
aging features here and there acting as a stimulus to 
urge us on. Urging us on to launch out anew as the 
new year dawns upon us with hope and faith and cour- 
age to make 1933 the best yet as loyal workers. 

As we review the work of the past year how oft the 
burning question comes to mind, " Did I do my best ?" 
As regional, district or local officers, as well as all the 
women of our beloved church, we need often to ask, 
" Am I giving my all to him in the use of my talents, in 
the use of my time, in the use of my possessions ?" 

We are busy folks — most women are. We are home- 
makers and where is the housewife or mother who 
hasn't a duty for every hour? Maybe teaching is our 
profession and where is the teacher whose responsibili- 
ties are not multiplied from year to year ? Perhaps the 
factories claim our time, and the mill whistle calls us to 
duty. Maybe we wear the nurse's spotless garb or 
spend long hours behind the counter. Whoever we are, 
wherever we are, we have a definite responsibility to- 
ward the promotion of Christ's kingdom. We were all, 
regardless of our position, created by the same God and 
to him we are alike held responsible as to whom we 
shall serve and how. 

Humanity's needs are everywhere evident, both spir- 
itual and temporal. The call to Christian followers 
comes loud and long. Willing service is in demand with 

sacrificial giving till it hurts. Sisters of the Church of 
the Brethren of the Southeastern Region, are we each 
willing to do our part in giving of our time, our think- 
ing, our money ? 

At the regional conference held at Bridgewater the 
past September, Sister Murphy, our national chairman 
of Women's Work, came to us with this information : 
" The Eastern and Southeastern Regions are the two 
regions that are behind in their giving." 

Just these figures by way of comparison to show, if 
you please, we did not do our best in the Southeastern 
Region. The Central Region with a membership of 15,- 
000 gave $4,750 while 12,000 women of the Southeast- 
ern Region gave $1,900. Does this help us to see our 
shortcomings, sisters of the Southeastern Region ? Per- 
haps we have not given till it hurts. Yes, we are expe- 
riencing a depression that is world-wide, yet many are 
spending money rather lavishly or dare we say foolish- 
ly? And maybe some of the Southeastern sisters might 
be included. 

Sister Murphy kindly suggests four reasons why we 
are behind. May I give you these in full? (They re- 
fer to both the Eastern and Southern Regions.) 

1. They may be carrying greater local overhead and 
heavier district budgets. 

2. The Women's Work program may be receiving a 
secondary rather than a primary place of importance. 

3. They may not be giving as much or working as 
hard on the whole as the women of the other three re- 

4. Or perhaps they are working a small part of their 
territory hard, leaving the greater number of women 
untouched, so far as missionary interests and education 
are concerned. 

At this point may we appeal to you, our district offi- 
cers. In the Southeastern Region we have thirteen dis- 
tricts with a membership of 12,831 women to be exact. 
Last year three districts of our region gave no report 
of Women's Work. This situation shows the necessity 
for reports being sent in, or the study by districts and 
regional leaders of these undeveloped fields. As a re- 
gion we must work toward our $4,000 goal. We must 
do our best and our best must be " over the top." 

Through our district officers we trust all our local 
churches have the " my gift " envelopes. This envel- 
ope system of giving was explained to you well in the 
letter sent out in November by Sister Hesse, our re- 
gional secretary. We are counting on you coworkers to 
help us in acquainting the 12,000 women in our thirteen 
districts of this gift plan. But a few short weeks it will 
seem till our quota must be sent to Elgin. May we 
unitedly as women work our plan to the finish and may 
March 1 find our gifts of time and money ready to lay 

(Continued on Page 24) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


A Motto 

The world is wide 
In time and tide 
And God is guide; 
Then do not hurry. 

The man is blest 
Who does his best 
And leaves the rest; 
Then do not worry. 

— Charles F. Deems, 

Not for a Day, 

But for a Lifetime 


Chapter 3 

" Going to be married !" exclaimed Mr. Weston, 
staring back at his daughter with wide eyes. So mar- 
rying off a daughter threatened to be one of his first 
duties in accepting the responsibility of the family. 
What would Jinny do if she were here? Fear of her 
disapproval forced him to a speedy decision. Indeed he 
would assert his authority at once, forbidding marriage. 

Marilyn laughed softly. " Why, father, you act as if 
I had said I was contemplating taking poison or com- 
mitting some other dreadful crime. People are being 
married every day. It is nothing to be alarmed about 
and Jack is an honest hard-working boy of good parent- 
age. I—" 

Bruce Weston aroused himself. " Yes, Marilyn, 
marriage is a natural consequence of real love but you 
are not ready yet for it. Think of your college — and — 
and why, you are only a child, I couldn't think of — " 

"A child?" interrupted Marilyn, scornfully. "To- 
morrow is my twentieth birthday. That is a whole year 
older than you and mother were when you were mar- 
ried. As for school — it's no use to waste the money. I 
love Jack and — and I'm going to marry him." As if 
the matter was definitely settled, she picked up her 
baggage and turned toward the stairs. 

" Marilyn," Mr. Weston's tone was firm, " you are 
not going out this time of night. Surely you wouldn't 
disgrace the family with an elopement. Stay here un- 
til morning and then we will make some plans to- 
gether." He laid an impelling hand upon her sleeve. 
" Come !" Nothing else mattered now, if only he could 
induce this beautiful girl to accept his viewpoint even 
though it be but for a few hours. It would give him 
time to think and plan a way out. He saw her pause in 
a moment of indecision. His heart leaped for joy. Ea- 
ger words sprang to his lips. " Come on," he coaxed. 
" That's a good girl. You'll think differently tomor- 

" No, father. Our plans are made. Jack has the li' 
cense in his pocket. We are going to his sister's to- 
night and be married there in the morning at eight-for- 

At this determined announcement, Bruce Weston 
saw his dream castles crash to the earth. Alas! the 
reins of influence so willingly thrust into the hands of 
his wife years ago, were now far beyond his reach. 
They could not be taken up again at will. With swift 
intuition he saw it was useless to command obedience. 
His only recourse lay in gentle persuasion. 

When he spoke again he was amazed at his own tone 
of voice. " Daughter, let me go down and invite Jack 
in. He can stay in Tom's room tonight and you and I 
will make some plans. Old Hagar will like nothing bet- 
ter than planning a sumptuous wedding breakfast, and 
you can be married right here in your own home. 
Mother would feel so much better about it. Now be 
honest, don't you think. so?" 

" Father, you win. I'll wait as you say," agreed 
Marilyn. " Jack can telephone his sister and — and 
mother would feel better about it if she knew I was 
having a home wedding. I'll tell Jack myself." She 
set the baggage down near the bannister and tripped 
lightly down the stairs. 

Mr. Weston turned toward his room with a groan of 
despair. " O Jinny, Jinny. How'll I ever manage ? 
Now if you were here she just couldn't get away with 
it, that's all. But I — oh, what kind of a father am I ?" 
He sank helplessly into a chair and wiped the cold 
perspiration from his forehead. The soft purr of a 
motor brought him to his feet. A wild thought raced 
through his mind. " Would Marilyn dare ?" 

To his great relief the hall door opened and Marilyn 
bounded up the stairs and stood before him. " It's all 
fixed, father, only Jack wouldn't stay. He will stay 
with his sister and come for me at eight. Breakfast 
will be served immediately after the ceremony and that 
will give Hagar time for the fixin's." 

The big clock in the hall boomed out twelve solemn 
strokes. " Time for little girls to be abed, daughter, or 
that beauty nap will be cut short," offered Mr. Weston 
playfully, then he grew sober. " But first I want to 
ask, what does your mother think of this young chap 
you are marrying?" 

" Father, how absurd !" laughed Marilyn gaily. " Do 
you think for one moment I'd marry any boy that moth- 
er didn't like ? No sir, not I," she declared emphatical- 
ly. " I've had Jack here lots, only you weren't ever 
home when he was around. Mother knows we're en- 
gaged. It'll not surprise her much. But didn't she sur- 
prise us all with her sudden trip to Europe? I can't 
get over it yet." 

Bruce Weston made no reply but managed to force 
a sickly smile. He felt Marilyn's penetrating eyes upon 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


him. To his surprise she slipped to her knees beside 
his chair. 

" Father, I — I didn't know you cared so much." 

"Cared?" he queried hoarsely. "What do you 
mean ?" 

" Well." The girl paused as if weighing her words. 

" I l didn't think it would make much difference 

whether mother was here or there. You are away so 
much. I— I thought maybe you and mother were get- 
ting over it — after all these years. Oh, you know what 
I mean— that first love like Jack's and mine." 

" Marilyn Weston, you must be insane ! Do you 
think a love like ours would ever die ? Do you dare be- 
lieve it could not hold us true through the stress and 
strain of the years? No, daughter, when your mother 
and I were married it was considered a mark of dis- 
honor and deep disgrace to think of anything but death 
severing the sacred tie. 'Until death do thee part,' 
was a well defined principle of every marriage vow and 
no one thought of changing what all the world has de- 
clared is ordained of God." 

" But, father, it is done now, nevertheless," declared 
Marilyn quietly. " Look at the Stantons and Hersch- 
mans and Mays — all old established families with 
grown children. They're all divorced." The girl hesi- 
tated a moment and stole a sly glance toward her fa- 
ther " i — i hate to say it, but I — I wondered — did you 
ever think that perhaps mother's sudden trip might not 
be a courteous way of letting you know how things 

But the sentence was never finished. Bruce Weston 
sprang to his feet and almost thrust his daughter from 
him. A terrible anger blazed in his stern dark eyes. 
" Stop ! Not another word. If you think for one mo- 
ment that the marriage tie means no more than that " — 
he snapped his fingers dramatically, " then you are un- 
worthy to become the wife of any man. As to the re- 
lationship between your mother and me, I am both 
grieved and deeply hurt that my child should find it in 
her to question. Divorce is as far from our minds as 
east is removed from west !" 

He paused in his walk and stared at Marilyn as if 
seeing her for the first time. A spasm of pain swept 
over his face. " Daughter, you don't mean," he hesi- 
tated over the words he knew he must speak. " You 
can't even think of entering the sacred marriage rela- 
tionships with these poisonous ideas of divorce threat- 
ening you." He waited breathlessly. 

She laughed nervously. " Father," she exclaimed, 
" I never knew you felt so — so prejudiced before. I 
can not believe you are ignorant of the modern view of 
marriage. Surely you read the papers." 

" Bah ! Modern view of marriage," he scoffed, re- 
suming his walk. " Yes, I know enough. I see the 
modern view of marriage eating at the vitals of society 

with most disastrous results to American home life. If 
it is true that the peace and prosperity of a nation de- 
pend on the home life, then the foundations of your 
country and mine are gradually crumbling away in the 
divorce mill. Oh, it is the most detestable evil that ever 
threatened our peace, and sane men and women can not 
deny it !" 

He turned once more and grasped his daughter's 
arm. Her eyes fell before his threatening gaze. "If 
you, Marilyn Weston, presume that I shall stand idly 
by and see Jack Nolte lead you to the altar with these 
abominable doctrines in your head, you are mistaken. 
I'll take you back to Mount Vernon and lock you in be- 
fore I permit such a crime." 

" Father." The girl was strangely moved. The big 
dark eyes filled with tears which she made no effort to 
conceal. " Oh, it makes me happy, gloriously, radiantly 
happy to hear you speak thus. It is true, I was begin- 
ning to lose faith in the sacredness of marriage, hear- 
ing it assailed on every side. Your words are most 
challenging. Never fear, it's all right between Jack 
and me. Nothing shall ever sever our love." 

Bruce Weston pushed back the thick curls and 
pressed the smooth white forehead with a kiss. "Thank 
God !" he murmured reverently. " Marriage is not for 
a day, nor for a year, daughter, but forever." 

Nappanee, Ind. 

(To Be Continued) 

" Dunmires Rocks " 


When I was a child, I did enjoy the walks into a 
woods near our home. On the north side were large 
rocks, and how I loved to be there! But mother was 
worried, because the rocks were near our kind neigh- 
bors, and she did not want us to annoy the neighbors. 
Indeed, they were very kind to the little Van Dykes. 
Auntie Dunmire many times gave us apples and other 
good things. But when I asked too often to go to the 
rocks, mother said : "Oh, they are Dunmires rocks, and 
we must not go so often." Then we went to a stream 
that was several feet below the surface of the ground, 
and had a fine time making mud pies, butter rolls, and 
basketfuls of eggs. Gabriel Dunmire was a happy- 
faced old man, and never scolded us, but smiled, and 
said nice things to us. What a fine place that was to 
live, and it was good to have such nice neighbors. I 
visited the place not so long ago and walked around the 
rocks, sat on them, and recalled the happy hours I spent 
there years ago. I'm so glad they never once sent the 
dogs after us. That would have resulted in a hasty 
clearing of the rocks, but would spoil the picture I have 
of the happy times we had there. What lessons do I 

(Continued on Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

To the Women of the Southeastern Region 

(Continued From Page 21) 

on the altar of service for our schools in India and Chi- 
na and Africa. 

Sister Royer, our regional missionary director, has 
kindly planned for the local churches a program suita- 
ble for either morning or evening service, at which our 
envelopes will be gathered in with their gifts of love. 
We are asking that this women's missionary meeting 
be held over our Southeastern Region the same day, 
Feb. 14, 1933, either morning or evening. Will you 
help to make this a great day for missions? Will you 
be willing to work a bit harder to interest all of our 
women ? Will those who can give liberally for the sake 
of those who can give but little? Will we each and all 
pray a little more earnestly that we may be more un- 
selfish, more loving at heart toward our less favored 
sisters over sea and evaluate in a new way our oppor- 
tunities for service ? 

Salem, Va. 

Meeting of the General Ministerial Board 


Ministerial and Home Mission Secretary 

The General Ministerial Board met Tuesday, Dec. 
13, and Thursday, Dec. 15. The day between was used 
in meeting jointly with the other Boards to consider 
common problems. H. L. Hartsough, P. H. Bowman, 
M. J. Brougher and W. H. Yoder were present. S. J. 
Miller because of health and to economize did not at- 

The treasurer's report indicated that by economizing 
it would be possible to close the year without a deficit. 
Every effort will be made to keep within the budget. 

A Consecration Certificate prepared by F. A. Myers, 
pastor of the Cloverdale congregation, Virginia, was 
approved and will soon be ready for distribution. 

A plan to be followed by churches in the securing of 
pastors, and for pastors desiring churches, was pre- 
sented by a committee. This plan will be submitted to a 
number of ministers and will be discussed in Pastors' 
Conferences this winter with the hope that by Confer- 
ence time we will have ready a procedure that will help 
in the delicate problems of mating churches and minis- 

A joint committee is to be appointed by the General 
Mission and Ministerial Boards to work out a more 
adequate plan for Ministerial and Missionary Relief. 
The committee is to be composed of two Board mem- 
bers, two laymen and two pastors. 

A group of resolutions presented by the ministers 
who attended the Vanderbilt Rural School was con- 
sidered by the Board. Plans were adopted to bring to 
.the attention of those responsible the realization that 

time and thought should be given to the rural aspects of 
our church, both in training leaders and planning church 

A report was made regarding the Reading Course for 
Ministers. It is hoped that this will be ready for Con- 
ference when it can be presented to the ministers for 
criticism. A loan library is being prepared. 

Forty-three ministers and widows were granted aid 
from the Ministerial Relief Fund. The Board was con- 
fronted with the fact there is a very small amount on 
which to draw for the coming year. In fact, some cuts 
had to be made which the Board regretted to do. Sev- 
eral new requests were made that could not be con- 
sidered favorably for lack of funds. A special offering 
for this purpose would be appreciated. 

Many other items were considered. The Board 
earnestly requests the hearty cooperation of every local 
pastoral committee, District Board and every interested 
member of the church as it labors, facing the ministerial 
problems of our church and seeks to meet the crisis of 
our day. 

Elgin, III. 

Practical Work for Men 


The minister was doing some farming as part time em- 
ployment and serving a 200-member congregation in a 
strictly rural community as part time pastor. Some of the 
members were through husking corn. The idea was sug- 
gested that those who could, be invited to join in a husking 
bee at the pastor's home, as there was quite a bit of corn 
there unhusked. The plan was generally approved. The 
day named was Thursday, the regular Aid meeting day 
throughout the year. On this particular day the work of 
the women was the preparing of clothing for the needy 
both in the community and throughout the immediate 

Announcement of this joint Aid meeting was made in two 
adult mixed Sunday-school classes. For the dinner each 
woman was to bring one prepared dish. When the day 
came it was soon found the number of women exceeded the 
number of men. However, there were ten men who accom- 
panied the pastor to the corn field, those living near by 
bringing an extra team and wagon. Thump, thump, thump, 
went the golden ears of corn against the bang board all day 
long. Just as the sun was setting in the golden west the last 
ear of corn was tossed onto the wagon and the pastor's 
corn was all husked. The work of these men and women 
on this day, their fellowship and their eating together, were 
all greatly enjoyed. It is needless to say the day's work was 
greatly appreciated by this farmer-preacher. While all of 
his sermons are good it seemed the one on the following 
Sunday was even better. 

On another occasion the men of the Home Builders' class 
got together one day and completed husking the corn for a 
home where there was much sorrow. This too was greatly 

In this same community there lives a widow in limited 
circumstances. On her lot were a few large dead apple 
trees, good for nothing but firewood. The men of the Will- 
ing Workers Sunday-school class have axes and saws and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


twenty-four hours of time each day. One Sunday morning, 
as might be expected from a Willing Workers class that is 
true to name, it was planned there would be a wood chopping 
at this widow's home. A day was named. Accordingly some 
of these dead trees were converted into usable firewood. 
All concerned seemed happy over the result — especially the 
widow, as she has wood to use with her scanty supply of 
coal during the cold winter days. 
Greenville, Ohio. 


Our year's work has just closed and we have enjoyed it 
more than words can express. Surely the Lord has been 
gracious unto us in granting us health, strength, happiness 
and blessed fellowship with his people. The results of our 
work have been very satisfying. The year 1932 has been 
the most successful in all of our experience in the number 
of confessions. Certainly there must be a returning unto 
the Lord since men are learning that the most abiding 
things are not those of the material world. 

During the year 1932 we have conducted thirteen meet- 
ings in the following states — Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, 
Maryland, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas and Missouri. We made, 
with the pastors, 1,788 calls and had the joy of seeing 460 
souls confess their Lord. We are going to try to show our 
appreciation to him by working harder and by giving more 
in 1933. We solicit an interest in your prayers that as we 
go from place to place we may be able to do his will and 
lead many souls into a closer relationship with him. Our 
work for the New Year will be in Pennsylvania, Maryland, 
North Carolina, Virginia, Iowa, Kansas and Louisiana. 

"Let me die working, 

Still tackling tasks unfinished, tasks undone, 
No lagging step, no faltering, no shirking! 
Let me die working." 

McPherson, Kans. Oliver H. Austin. 



Live Oak. — The deputation team from La Verne gave their program 
Dec. 21 to a good crowd. Christmas night the Sunday-school gave a 
program. The first of the year we are expecting Bro. Wilbur I. 
Liskey and family to take up pastoral work.— Mrs. Frank Ott, Live 
Oak, Calif., Dec. 26. 

Raisin City church met in council on Dec. 11. It was decided to pur- 
chase new song books for the Sunday-school. The Ladies' Aid re- 
ported they had earned $33.46 during the past year. They held twenty- 
eight meetings with an average attendance of eleven. Dec. 25 the 
Sunday-school children presented their Christmas program. A white 
gift offering was received to help bring cheer to the needy of our 
community. In the evening of Christmas Day the young people gave 
a missionary play.— Mrs. J. N. Young, Raisin City, Calif., Dec. 25. 

Santa Ana church met in council Dec. 19. Five letters of member- 
ship were granted. Arrangements were made for one week of pre- 
Easter services to be conducted by the pastor and a two weeks' evan- 
gelistic campaign beginning sometime in May. An early morning 
Thanksgiving service was held with good attendance and interest. 
Since the last report the fathers and sons held their annual banquet. 
Our Ladies' Aid is kept busy quilting. Christmas Day was observed 
by the young people caroling, a Christmas sermon in the morning and 
a program by the Sunday-school in the evening. Dec. 1 our church 
entertained an all-day union prayer service which is held monthly in 
one of the churches of the city. — Mrs. F. A. Flora, Santa Ana, Calif., 
Dec. 28. 


Washington City. — The annual selection of officers was held on 
Oct. 17. A full corps of officers was chosen. Bro. J. H. Hollinger will 
succeed Bro. W. O. Grapes as Sunday-school superintendent for 1933. 
F. F. Holsopple continues as pastor, having been elected in the March 
council. Rally day was a red letter day, Oct. 2. Since then the aver- 
age attendance at Sunday-school is greater than for any similar period 
in the history of the school. Our communion service was Nov. 6. The 
chairman of the deacon's board reported it as the largest service, but 
one, in the recorded history of the church. Bro. Holsopple, the pastor, 

officiated, assisted by the local ministers. The time appointed for the 
every-member canvass was Dec. 4. To prepare the membership for 
the canvass, Bro. Holsopple preached a series of sermons emphasizing 
the importance of the church to the community, the individual, and 
the world. The sermon for Sunday evening of Nov. 27 was illustrated 
by slides of the various departments of the Sunday-school, which was 
described as the church performing a teaching function. All depart- 
ments were shown including the Boy Scouts and the Chinese Sunday- 
school. Thirty teams of two workers each were appointed and trained 
and given an allotment of members that included a maximum of ten 
families. For the first time the entire field was covered and an oppor- 
tunity was given to subscribe to the church budget. The response 
was encouraging. The goal sought was to have every member a con- 
tributing member according to ability. Although the goal was not 
reached, we are nearer to it than ever in the history of the congre- 
gation. On Dec. 11, Dr. W. T. Sanger, President of the Richmond 
Medical College, addressed the men on the subject of Men's Work of 
the Church. A selected men's chorus rendered the music on the occa- 
sion. On Sunday evening of Dec. 11 a speaker, from the visiting 
members of the Emergency Anti-Saloon League Convention, addressed 
the congregation on the subject of "Repeal of the Eighteenth Amend- 
ment." The Christmas program under the direction of Bro. David 
Weimer was given Sunday evening, Dec. 18. The children will have a 
public program on Christmas evening. On Dec. 26 our Chinese boys 
will give a dinner to invited guests and there will be a Christmas 
pageant given by the Christian Endeavor. Sister Maude Hollinger will 
be Messenger correspondent for the coming year. — Mary Studebaker 
Hinshaw, Washington, D. C, Dec. 22. 


Miami. — An all-day meeting was held Dec. 18 at the home of Brother 
and Sister C. E. Schuldt at Ft. Lauderdale. The following ministers 
were with us: Brethren J. H. Morris, C. C. Price and Simon Richard- 
son. The Sunday-school lesson was taught by Bro. Morris. A ser- 
mon followed by Bro. C. C. Price, based on The Citizenship of Heaven. 
At noon a basket lunch was served and a social hour enjoyed. In the 
afternoon we had song service and a spiritual sermon by Bro. J. H. 
Morris. Bro. Simon Richardson's wife who was sick with scarlet 
fever has recovered and was with us at the meeting. Members from 
fifty miles south and fifty miles north came for this meeting, from 
Homestead, Miami, Lake Worth, West Palm Beach and Groveland. 
Our next meeting will be Jan. 15 at the home of Brother and Sister 
Westfall, 5720 S. W. 20th St., Miami.— Amanda B. Snyder, Miami, Fla., 
Dec. 24. 

Sunnyland. — Nov. 27 Bro. Harry Swank of Poplar, Mont., preached 
for us while Bro. Reish was away. Brother and Sister Arnold were 
with us from the 14th to the 18th; he gave us some fine sermons and 
songs in pictures. Sister Arnold led the song services. We had our 
quarterly business meeting Dec. 22. Four Sunday-school children were 
present every Sunday during the year. We are having memory verses 
for the opening of Sunday-school. The Sisters' Aid met at Sister 
Reish's Dec. 27 to sew for her. The new officers for the coming year 
were chosen, the president being Anna Rigler. — Anna Rigler, Lake 
Istokpoga, Fla., Dec. 28. 


Nampa church met in council Dec. 21 when reports from the various 
organizations were given. The church budget was considerably re- 
duced. The Ladies' Aid has been making comforts and clothes for the 
poor. We had two programs on Christmas Sunday, one being given 
by the children in the morning; in the evening a cantata, Prince of 
Judah, was directed by Sister Becker. Plans have been made for the 
entire church to have a new year's watch party. Along with this we 
are having a white gift offering, the food and clothing to be dis- 
tributed among the needy of the community. — Mrs. L. L. Martin, 
Nampa, Idaho, Dec. 29. 


Fort Wayne. — The work at Fort Wayne moves forward under some 
handicaps. We rejoice in seeing spiritual growth in some, but regret a 
seeming indifference in others. Sickness of our correspondent has 
hindered regular reports. Following a personal evangelism campaign 
Bro. J. O. Winger held a two weeks' evangelistic meeting which re- 
sulted in strengthening the membership, and four accessions by bap- 
tism. His sermons were greatly appreciated. Some letters have been 
received and more granted. As other cities, Fort Wayne has suffered 
in a business way. Unemployment has lost us Sunday-school super- 
intendent, primary superintendent, church treasurer, choristers, teach- 
ers and others. We greatly regret their removal, but our loss has 
been a gain for other places. Others have been selected to fill these 
vacancies and they are doing a good work. Opportunity reveals and 
develops talent. A successful Vacation Church School was conducted 
in the early summer; an all-day meeting for rally day and missionary 
programs was well attended. Bro. Russell Sherman was with us. A 
father and son banquet with Bro. John Eberly as speaker was en- 
joyed. New officers and teachers were elected and duly installed by 
the pastor. A visit by the Blue River Aid Society with our own was 
a happy occasion. "The Empty Tomb" was ably presented on Christ- 
mas evening by the young people to an appreciative audience. Thanks 
to the Northern Indiana Mission Board, we are pressing forward, 
though on a reduced budget. Our membership, in part, lives far 
from the church, and now with lack of funds for carfare and gasoline, 
this has resulted in a slightly reduced attendance. We have live 
Young People's, Junior, and Christian Workers' organizations, Sisters' 
(Continued on Page 28) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

" Dunmires Rocks " 

(Continued From Page 23) 

get? Be careful not to impose on your neighbors by 
allowing your children to visit them too often. Be kind 
to your own children, and to your neighbor's children. 
It gives me joy in my old days to remember our kind 
neighbors. The D. in my younger sister's name is for 
Dunmire, and she does not like it left out. I have longed 
to visit the " Dunmire School of Music " at Harrisburg, 
Pa., and keep hoping I may yet do so. I can see the 
smiling faces of Auntie and Uncle Dunmire. Do not 
forget to smile. It gives sunshine instead of clouds. We 
have many things to cause frowns, but we will not allow 
a frown to get set, so that children are afraid of us. I 
remember when we children would run and hide when 
a certain old woman came. She did not know how she 
looked. " Rejoice' in the Lord always," and do not for- 
get to smile. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 



Wm. B. Fretz was born March 29, 1858, in Philadelphia, 
Pa., the son of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Fretz. When eight 
years old he moved with his parents to Montgomery Coun- 
ty, Pa., where he spent the remainder of his life. On Nov. 
27, 1879, he married Mary Ellen Rosenberger, who survives. 

He and his wife united with the Church of the Brethren at 
Hatfield, Pa., and were both actively engaged in church 
work in their married career. At the age of thirty Bro. 
Fretz was called to the ministry. In the fall of 1909 Broth- 
er and Sister Fretz were called to the Alderson mission 
near Shamokin where they spent two years. In September, 
1914, Bro. Fretz was ordained to the eldership and shortly 
afterward was elected elder in charge of the Hatfield church, 
which office he held up to about a year and a half ago. 

Bro. Fretz had learned the trade of tinsmith and followed 
this all his life in making a livelihood. 

He died Nov. 28, 1932, at his late residence near Hatfield, 
just a few hundred yards from the church. Eld. Michael 
Kurtz preached the funeral sermon. Over a score of minis- 
ters from the district were present. 

Souderton, Pa. J. Herman Rosenberger. 


Jacob Cripe, son of Daniel and Anna Cripe, was born in 
Clinton County, Ind., Oct. 7, 1846. He died Dec. 19, 1932, at 
the home of his daughter, Mrs. David Wolf, of Flora. In 
1860 he came with his parents to Cass County where he 
spent the major part of his long and useful life. At the age 
of twenty he began to work at the carpenter trade which 
proved to be very helpful to him in later years. In 1870 he 
took the contract and supervised the building of the Upper 
Deer Creek churchhouse. Many were the opportunities that 
came to him to serve in that way. 

Sept. 18, 1868, he married Miss Sarah Smith. Three sons 
and five daughters came to bless this home. They shared 
the joys and sorrows of life for nearly sixty-two years. On 

May 23, 1930, his companion was called home. Since then 
he had lived with his children. 

In June, 1871, he and his wife accepted Christ and united 
with the Church of the Brethren. They not only proved the 
genuineness and sincerity of their profession but also dem- 
onstrated such fine qualities of leadership that the home 
church called them to the ministry, on Nov. 26, 1872. The 
responsibilities of that office were willingly yet humbly as- 
sumed, its duties were faithfully and efficiently performed, 
and ten years later he was ordained to the eldership. The 
faith and confidence placed in him by his home church was 
evidenced in the fact that they immediately chose him as 
presiding elder of the congregation. This place he filled 
with honor for a period of thirty-three years. In 1916 he 
requested to be relieved because of his age. 

Bro. Cripe also served the Lower Deer Creek, Howard 
and Pipe Creek congregations in the capacity of presiding 
elder. His work in the ministry covers a period of over 
sixty years. According to the record he kept, he officiated 
at 143 funeral services, sixty-nine marriages, administered 
baptism to fifty-one applicants, anointed thirty-six believers, 
besides assisting in countless other regular services. 

In looking through his Bible we find scarcely a page with- 
out verses or paragraphs marked or underscored. These 
were, no doubt, scriptures that were especially dear to him 
and those which he frequently used to comfort and encour- 
age his friends. Several years ago he called for the elders 
of the church and received the anointing. After five days 
of illness with influenza followed by pneumonia he peaceful- 
ly fell asleep. 

Surviving are three daughters, son, twenty-one grandchil- 
dren, twenty-four great-grandchildren, four sisters and one 
brother. Thus another faithful soldier lies down to rest 
awaiting the coming of the Son of man. R ay q Shank. 

Flora, Ind. -I 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly -married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Fike-Madison. — At the home of the undersigned in Middlebury, Ind., 
Dec. 17, 1932, Mr. Ralph Fike and Miss Evelyn Madison.— J. H. Fike, 
Middlebury, Ind. 

Glick-Wright. — By the undersigned at the Bridgewater church, 
Dec. 25, 1932, Jesse Leroy Glick and Grace Marie Wright, both of 
Bridgewater vicinity. — G. L. Wine, Bridgewater, Va. 

Miller-Eby. — By the undersigned at the bride's home, North Bethel 
parsonage, Nov. 24, 1932, Floyd N. Miller and Kathryn V. Eby, both 
of Holt County, Mo.— J. A. Eby, Mound City, Mo. 

Rodgers-Hinkel. — At the home of the bride, near McGaheysville, Va., 
Harold K. Rodgers and Pauline Cline Hinkel, both of Mill Creek con- 
gregation. — I. S. Long, Bridgewater, Va. 

Teaf ord- Baker. — By the undersigned at the home of the bride's par- 
ents, Brother and Sister Frank Baker, Baker, Ohio, Mr. Gale E. Tea- 
ford, Palestine, Ohio, and Sister Madonna E. Baker. — Ira G. Blocher, 
Greenville, Ohio. 


Bahney, John Henry, was born in Ohio, Oct. 15, 1854. He departed 
this life after an illness of short duration, at his home in Thomas, 
Okla., Nov. 30, 1932. He united with the Church of the Brethren in 
1886. In 1881 he was married to Ellen Gripe; to this union were born 
nine children, two dying in infancy. He was a devoted husband and 
father, a friend to all, and a loyal member of the church of his choice. 
Funeral services by the undersigned assisted by Elders E. R. Herndon 
and D. J. McCann.— Albert L. Williams, Thomas, Okla. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


Bowser, Bro. David C, died Dec. 22, 1932, at his residence in the 
bounds of the Glade Run congregation, of an illness of pneumonia, 
aged 88 years. He is survived by four daughters, three sons, brother 
and three grandchildren. Services by the writer in the Glade Run 
church. Interment in the church cemetery. — J. Lloyd Nedrow, West 
Kittanning, Pa. 

Brown, Rose Ellen Knisley, born Jan. 9, 1871, near Decatur, 111., died 
Dec. 21, 1932. She was married in 1889 to Chas. H. Brown. To this 
union were born seven children. Her husband passed away Dec. 25, 
1928. She leaves one daughter, three brothers, two sisters and two 
grandchildren. She had been a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren for about eight months. Services at the church by her pastor, 
L. W. Smith. Burial in the White Rose cemetery.— Mrs. Hazel Camp- 
bell, Bartles-ville, Okla. 

Clausen, Sister Elizabeth Frances, born in Austria, Nov. 19, 1885, 
died Dec. 4, 1932. She leaves her husband and two daughters. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren Dec. 2, 1913, and remained 
faithful. Her health had been failing for about a year and a half. 
Funeral services in Black Swamp church by Bro. Geo. Garner. Inter- 
ment in Willow cemetery. — Mrs. Asenath Baker, Lemoyne, Ohio. 

Claypcol, Bro. Boggs, died Nov. 10, 1932, after a lingering illness, 
aged 57 years. He is survived by his wife, four daughters, son, father, 
three brothers, two sisters and three grandchildren. Services by the 
writer in the Glade Run church. Interment in the church cemetery. — 
-J. Lloyd Nedrow, West Kittanning, Pa. 

Cotterman, Mrs. Cora Eleanor, daughter of Chas. and Wealthy Roach, 
born at White House, Ohio, Sept. 11, 1888, died Dec. 21, 1932. She was 
twice married and was the mother of ten children. She leaves her 
husband, seven children and one grandchild. Funeral services in the 
Black Swamp church by Bro. Geo. Garner. Interment in Rudolph 
cemetery. — Mrs. Asenath Baker, Lemoyne, Ohio. 

Dunham, Ina, daughter of Levi and Dora Davis, born near Hillis- 
burg, Ind., May 25, 1890, died in Flora on Dec. 26, 1932. Dec. 12, 1907, 
she married David Dunham. At the age of fourteen years she united 
with the Church of the Brethren. In this fellowship she lived and 
served faithfully until death. The mother and two brothers preceded 
her. Surviving are the husband, four sons, father, sister and brother. 
Funeral services in the Flora church by the writer. Interment in 
Maple Lawn cemetery. — Ray O. Shank, Flora, Ind. 

Fiant, Peter, died at his home in Connersville, Ind., Dec. 19, 1932, 
aged 86 years. He lived all his life in Fayette County, Ind. In 1870 
he married Mary Peters who died in 1913. To this union were born 
three sons and one daughter. Early in life he united with the Church 
of the Brethren; he also served as deacon. In September, 1916, he 
married Sister Netha Neptune who survives with one daughter, two 
sons, two grandchildren, two great-grandchildren, one brother and one 
foster grandchild. Funeral at the residence by Eld. Lawrence Kreider. 
— D. E. Bowman, Hagerstown, Ind. 

Gibble, Sister Mary Pfautz, born near Lititz, Pa., May 19, 1861, died 
Nov. 14, 1932, at her home, Elstonville, Pa., in the bounds of the 
Chiques church. She was a faithful and consistent member of the 
Church of the Brethren for many years. Surviving are her husband, 
Henry M. Gibble, four sons, five daughters, six grandchildren and 
three great-grandchildren. She called for the anointing several weeks 
before her death, complications set in and she died of hemorrhage. 
Funeral services at the Mt. Hope house by Bro. H. L. Hess assisted 
by Bro. B. G. Stauffer. Interment in Graybill cemetery. — Fanny Zug 
Shearer, Manheim, Pa. 

Harshman, Sister Ella May, widow of Upton Harshman, born 67 
years ago near Ringgold, Md. She died at her home near Edgemont, 
Md., Dec. 16, 1932. She was the daughter of Daniel and Nancy Gehr 
Rowe. When ten years old she united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren; she was always interested in the work of the church. Her hus- 
band preceded her fifteen years ago. She is survived by two sons and 
an adopted daughter. Services in the Waynesboro church by her 
pastor, Eld. L. K. Ziegler, assisted by Eld. J. I. Thomas. Interment 
in Green Hill cemetery. — Sudie M. Wingert, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Hawkins, Mary C. Williams, born near Staunton, Va., Jan. 30, 1848, 
died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Geo. Burgin, in Garden City, 
Kans., Dec. 18, 1932. She married John Hawkins in 1868; he died 
Jan. 6, 1917. She with her family moved to Holt County, Mo., in 1876. 
She united with the Church of the Brethren in 1877. In 1884 they 
moved to Kansas and in 1894 to Oklahoma. She leaves five children, 
thirty-nine grandchildren, forty-one great-grandchildren and one great- 
great-grandchild. Funeral service at the Pleasant Plains church near 
Helena, Okla., by the undersigned. Burial in the Good Hope ceme- 
tery. — Ed. R. Herndon, Weatherford, Okla. 

Hershberger, Catharine Fry, daughter of Daniel and Polly (Mishler) 
Fry, was born near the present town of Jerome, Somerset County, Pa., 
Aug. 8, 1858, and died near Windber, Cambria County, Pa., Dec. 20, 
1932, aged 74 years, 4 months and 12 days. In February, 1876, she 
was united in marriage with Isaiah Hershberger. Nine children were 
born to this union. She is survived by her husband, six sons, two 
daughters, twenty grandchildren, nineteen great-grandchildren, three 
brothers and two sisters. A number of years after their marriage the 
family resided in Somerset County, but the past some thirty years 
the family has resided in Johnstown and vicinity. In June, 1873, she 
united with the church and became a faithful worker. With her hus- 
band she was installed into the deacon's office, May 4, 1911, in the 
Roxbury church. The funeral was conducted in the Roxbury church 
by Elders T. F. Henry and J. A. Buffenmyer and interment was made 
in Grandview cemetery. — Jerome E. Blotigh, Johnstown, Pa. 

Hostettler, Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth Forst, born 
in Holmes County, Ohio, Oct. 14, 1850, died at the home of her sister, 
Lucinda Forst, in South Milford, Ind., Nov. 5, 1932. At the age of 
twenty-five she united with the Church of the Brethren, being always 
loyal and faithful. Her husband preceded her in May, 1932. Surviving 
are two brothers and two sisters. Services at the English Prairie 
church by Bro. Chas. A. Light, assisted by Carl Yoder. Burial in 
cemetery near by.— Mrs. Banks Light, Howe, Ind. 

King, Susan, born near Shanesville, Ohio, Nov. 3, 1859, the daughter 
of Emanuel and Mary King. In early life she united with the Church 
of the Brethren and remained faithful to the end. She married Bro. 
John King over fifty-two years ago. He survives with five children 
and six grandchildren. She died Dec. 20, 1932, after a long illness of 
heart trouble. Funeral at the Church of the Brethren at Baltic by 
Eld. Edw. Shepfer. Burial in West Lawn cemetery at Baltic. — Mrs. 
Ellen Miller, Baltic, Ohio. 

Leer, Barbara, daughter of Jacob and Sarah Lint Berkey, was born 
in Pennsylvania March 31, 1838, and died Dec. 18, 1932, at the home 
of a grandson, H. E. Leer, of Middlebury, Ind. She was the last 
surviving member of a family of nine brothers and sisters. Oct. 24, 
1861, she married Benj. Leer who died April 4, 1913. Their home was 
blessed by a son who died in 1919 and a daughter, who died in 1924. 
In 1855 she became a member of the Berkey Church of the Brethren, 
now known as the Rock Run church. She leaves one daughter-in-law, 
thirteen grandchildren, thirty-seven great-grandchildren and two great- 
great-grandchildren. Her consecrated and devoted life was shown by 
her willingness to help where help was needed. Her faith in her 
heavenly Father and the church was expressed over and over again 
as she labored and sacrificed with her husband who was a minister 
in the church for many years. Funeral services in the Middlebury 
church by the writer assisted by J. H. Fike. Interment in the Forrest 
Grove cemetery. — Galen Bowman, Middlebury, Ind. 

Lieb, Fred, son of Wm. and Sarah Lieb, born in Henry County, Ohio, 
Sept. 11, 1879, died at his home Dec. 11, 1932. He spent his entire life 
on the old home farm in Marion Township. Oct. 9, 1904, he married 
Estella Moore. An only daughter died Oct. 8, 1918. He is survived by 
his wife, mother and one brother. Funeral services by the writer in 
the Sand Ridge church.— J. L. Guthrie, Lafayette, Ohio. 

Long, Margaret Jane, daughter of Ebenezer and Mahalia Nichols, 
born Feb. 15, 1852, near Culver, Ind., died Sept. 19, 1932. She married 
Wm. Long Sept. 14, 1873, who preceded her sixteen ysars ago. To 
this union were born two children, a daughter who died at two years 
of age, and a son at whose home she died. She and her husband united 
with the Church of the Brethren Jan. 1, 1880, and were faithful in the 
Lord's service and magnifying the deacon's office for many years. 
She had been in failing health for a number of years. She leaves one 
son, five grandchildren and three sisters. Funeral services from the 
East house by Eld. J. O. Kesler. Burial in the North Liberty ceme- 
tery.— Wm. H. Summers, North Liberty, Ind. 

Martin, Ida May, daughter of James and Rachel (Reece) Bercaw, 
was born at Ripley, Ohio, May 1, 1862, died in Chicago, 111., Dec. 24, 
1932, aged 70 years, 7 months and 23 days. On Jan. 12, 1889, she was 
married to Charles Martin, who preceded her about eight years ago. 
To this union three children were born, one of whom preceded her. She 
leaves two daughters, two sisters, and seven grandchildren. In early 
life she accepted Jesus Christ as her personal Savior, uniting with the 
Methodist Church. About sixteen years ago she united with the 
Church of the Brethren, in whose faith and fellowship she remained 
faithful to the end. In her life she manifested her love for little chil- 
dren and they loved her in return. A few weeks before her death she 
was anointed in the name of the Lord, and thus fully consecrated her 
life to God. Funeral services were conducted by Elder James M. 
Moore.— Martha E. Lear, Chicago, 111. 

McPherom, Rachel Berry, born June 12, 1845, in Hawkins County, 
Tenn., died Dec. 25, 1932, in Holmesville, Nebr. She married James 
McPheron Oct. 11, 1866. To this union were born five children, of 
whom four survive. She also leaves nineteen grandchildren, forty- 
seven great-grandchildren, one brother and one sister. She united 
with the Brethren Church in 1866 and was a faithful member to the 
last. Funeral in the South Beatrice church by the undersigned as- 
sisted by Miles Blickenstaff— Swigart F. Miller, Pickrell, Nebr. 

Miller, Anna, born in Rockingham County, Va., Oct. 12, 1850, died 
at her home at Stet, Mo., Nov. 28, 1932. She married Geo. W. Miller 
about sixty-one years ago. To this union six children were born, one 
with the father preceding her. About fifty years of her life were spent 
in Ray County, Mo. While young she united with the Christian 
Church. Thirty-six years ago she chose her church home with the 
Brethren, remaining faithful to the end. Funeral services at the 
Wakenda church by the writer assisted by Oscar Diehl. Interment in 
the cemetery near by. — Oscar Early, Stet, Mo. 

Miller, Mrs. May, wife of H. C. Miller, died at her residence, Kit- 
tanning, Pa., Oct. 19, 1932, from an illness of cancer, aged 57 years. 
She was a member of the Baptist Church. She is survived by her 
husband, two daughters, son, three brothers and five grandchildren. 
Services by the writer. Interment in the Glade Run cemetery. — J. 
Lloyd Nedrow, West Kittanning, Pa. 

Miller, Sarah Catharine, daughter of Jacob L. and Susie (Detrick) 
Frantz, born in Logan County, Ohio, Dec. 20, 1846, died Dec. 6, 1932. 
She married Martin M. Miller May 16, 1865. In 1872 they moved on a 
(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

News From Churches 

(Continued From Page 25) 

Aid Society, Men's Work organization, and organized classes. The 
pastor appreciates greatly the way the members have kept up their 
courage during these strange economic conditions. With strong faith 
and high courage we are looking forward to a successful work in 1933. — 
S. S. Blough, Fort Wayne, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Goshen City. — Our revival began Nov. 6 and lasted for three weeks 
under the leadership of J. H. Cassady of Washington, D. C. It was 
a very helpful and inspirational meeting. Thirty-three were baptized 
and four letters received, some of whom had been on prayer lists 
fifteen years. During the revival we had cottage prayer meetings on 
Tuesday and Thursday afternoons; we now have prayer meeting at 
the church on Tuesday evening and cottage prayer meeting on Thurs- 
day afternoon. The last Sunday afternoon that Bro. Cassady was with 
us he talked at a mass meeting on the subject, Are National Prohibition 
and the Eighteenth Amendment Doomed? The women's missionary 
society held their last meeting on the last Thursday of November. 
The Aid Society meets every Wednesday for an all-day meeting to 
quilt, piece and knot comforts and make rugs, also to sew for the 
Red Cross. Our young people are active in church work. A number 
of them attended the young people's conference. They filled several 
Christmas baskets for the needy, as did several other classes of the 
church. Christmas evening after the young people's candle lighting 
service, and after the church service, the young people went around 
the city caroling for the sick and shut-ins. Christmas morning the 
children gave an interesting program. They also gave food to the 
poor and sent money to missions. Jan. 1-8 the churches of Goshen are 
observing a week of prayer. — Lillie Tulley, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Logansport church met in council Dec. 18. Our treasurer gave a 
favorable report. The work of the different organizations of the 
church is progressing nicely. Christmas night our young people gave 
a pageant entitled, The Light, and the children gave Christmas songs 
and readings. By the use of dime collectors our white gift was given. 
—Grace Smith, Walton, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Loon Creek church met for business meeting Dec. 13. It was de- 
cided after this year to elect all church officers at the September 
council. Thanksgiving service was held on Nov. 20. The regular 
Thanksgiving offering was taken, also an offering of food and cloth- 
ing for the poor. Aid Society officers were elected at our last meet- 
ing, the president being Mrs. Chas. Heaston. — Mrs. Chas. Heaston, 
Huntington, Ind., Dec. 24. 

Mexico.— Bro. Ralph G Rarick of North Manchester came to us 
Dec. 4 to begin a revival campaign which continued two weeks. Bro. 
Ernest Fisher of our own congregation had charge of the song service 
which was an inspirational feature of the meeting. Both labored ear- 
nestly for the salvation of souls and as an immediate result thirteen 
Sunday-school scholars were received into the church by baptism. 
Much good seed was sown during these meetings. — Bertha Fisher, 
Mexico, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Pine Creek. — Dec. 10 we met in council. Considerable time was taken 
in hearing reports and arranging for the year's program. The church 
felt it hardly wise to put on an expensive program for 1933 so there 
will be nothing unusual for the year. In spite of the depression the 
Sisters' Aid did good work, having raised the sum of $253.37; they 
dispensed $216.93, $50 being given for the support of Winnie Cripe, our 
representative on the China mission field, and for other mission work. 
We are raising a pastoral fund for which we hope to have use some 
time in the future, the local ministerial committee to continue arrange- 
ments for a pastor. On Christmas evening our B. Y. P. D. put on a 
musical pageant entitled, The Abiding Christ. — Wm. H. Summers, 
North Liberty, Ind., Dec. 26. 


Union Ridge church met in business meeting Dec. 1. All officers 
were elected for the coming year: Bro. J. S. Sherfy, reelected elder; 
Carrie Norman, church clerk; Ira Schwab, treasurer, and Mrs. Lottie 
Allen, correspondent. A program was given Christmas night, after 
which an offering was taken for world-wide missions. — Mrs. W. C. 
Schwab, Hampton, Iowa, Dec. 29. 


Ottawa church enjoyed a most impressive consecration service con- 
ducted by our elder, Bro. W. B. DeVilbiss. His little grandson and 
the pastor's baby were among the number of children who with their 
parents were consecrated. Miss Letha Allen has been chosen president 
of the temperance committee. Under the auspices of the Y. P. D. a 
play entitled, Why the Chimes Rang, was presented on Christmas 
night. Members from the United Presbyterian and the Federated 
churches were in the audience. Brother and Sister Earl Kinzie have 
gone to Kansas City to their new home, hence several positions will 
be vacant.— Mrs. J. O. Ott, Ottawa, Kans., Dec. 29. 

Richland Center church has just closed a two weeks' revival meet- 
ing which was held by Rev. Hamon. Eighteen united with the church, 
the largest number at one time for a number of years. Everyone is 
rejoicing over these meetings. Our church recently gave a grain 
shower for our pastor, Bro. Miles Blickenstaff. He received fifty 
bushels of grain, besides oyster shell, alfalfa meal, etc. After a social 
evening we served sandwiches and coffee. — Mrs. Eva Fralin, Summer- 
field, Kans., Dec. 24. 


Meadow Branch congregation had the privilege of enjoying two splen- 
did Christmas programs, rendered largely by the children of the two 
Sunday-schools. An offering was lifted at both places for world-wide 
missions. The Y. P. D. in town gave a pageant, the Nativity, on 
Dec. 25. After this a mixed chorus gave a service of Christmas music 
under the leadership of Bro. Philip Royer. Eld. M. R. Wolfe deliv- 
ered a short Christmas message. The Meadow Branch school build- 
ing, recently sold at public auction by the county school commis- 
sioners, and which was bought by the undersigned, elder of the con- 
gregation, is now being equipped for a service on the evening of 
Dec. 28, by the country B. Y. P. D. as a social service and community 
hall, for public uses, as well as for such a needed building for various 
outside functions of the Meadow Branch congregation.— Wm. E. Roop, 
Westminster, Md., Dec. 28. 


Elmdale. — Nov. 6 we began our revival meeting with Bro. C. H. Dear- 
dorff of Hartville, Ohio, evangelist. He brought us strong, inspiring 
gospel messages night after night. The community was stirred as it 
has not been for years. The members cooperated with the evangelist 
in a very splendid way. The meetings continued for two weeks and 
were well attended throughout. The chorus under the efficient leader- 
ship of Sister Emma Deardorff was a great incentive to the services. 
At the close of the meeting on Nov. 20 fourteen were baptized, rang- 
ing in age from eight to seventy-five. Twenty-three have been added 
to the church since the middle of September. — C. L. Wilkins, Free- 
port, Mich., Dec. 29. 

Midland. — We have had three additions to the church through bap- 
tism recently. We met in council Dec. 10, and elected church officers: 
Clerk, Bro. Ray Baker; Messenger agent and correspondent, Mildred 
Fradenburgh; trustee, Bro. Harry Stern; elder, Bro. Chas. Spencer. 
We gave a Christmas program Dec. 22. — Mildred Fradenburgh, Mid- 
land, Mich., Dec. 28. 

Pontiac. — Our church met in council Dec. 11. The following officers 
were elected: Bro. L. H. Prowant, elder; Bro. E. J. Ebey, clerk; the 
writer, correspondent and Messenger agent. The young people gave a 
play Dec. 18, the Road to the City. They expect to give it Jan. 6 and 7 
before the unemployed. The city has a special program every week 
with the church helping. Our Christmas play, The Boy Nobody 
Wanted, was given Dec. 25. Our Ladies' Aid has made 157 garments 
for the Red Cross; we meet every Wednesday afternoon. — Mrs. Ray E. 
Fleming, Pontiac, Mich., Dec. 26. 


Shelby County.— Nov. 27 we welcomed Bro. Edw. Mason, his daugh- 
ter and a friend. The church was greatly strengthened by the three 
good spiritual sermons Bro. Mason gave us and the wonderful mes- 
sages in song by the young ladies, as well as the stories told to the 
children. We are looking forward to the next meeting Jan. 22. The 
Mission Board is helping us all they can and we also are doing our 
best to help ourselves.— Mrs. Frank Folger, Leonard, Mo., Dec. 29. 


Beatrice. — Of the preachers who have served here as pastor, one lives 
in Florida, three in California, one each in West Virginia, Iowa, Kansas, 
Ohio, and Illinois; one is dead. Besides some adjoining preachers who 
have served the church when we had no resident pastor. For some 
months now we have been without a pastor. We have a very good 
meetinghouse and parsonage, a small income but no debt. Our Sun- 
day-school has been more continuous. We enjoyed a good Christmas 
program yesterday. Some of our experiences make us glad and happy, 
yet some of our folks are troubled. We realize that some things 
besides the political situation are not working out right. — E. J. Kess- 
ler, Beatrice, Nebr., Dec. 26. 


Black Swamp church met in council Dec. 21. Sister Ella Korn was 
reelected leader of our prayer circle. Sunday evening, Dec. 18, the 
senior members gave a play entitled, Following the Star. Dec. 25 
the Sunday-school gave a Christmas program which consisted of reci- 
tations, music and a pantomime, after which a treat was given and 
prizes awarded for perfect and regular attendance. — Mrs. Asenath 
Baker, Lemoyne, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Reading.— Since our last report three young people of our Sunday- 
school were baptized. Our pastor, Bro. Lehman, is with us every two 
weeks. Sister O. C. Hahn's class of junior boys and girls prepared a 
program and went into the homes of our shut-ins which was very 
much appreciated. The beginner, primary and junior classes gave a 
program both at Thanksgiving and Christmas. The Aid Society had 
their annual thank offering social on Nov. 24. The program con- 
sisted of Bible reading and prayer, songs, readings and a playlet, Aunt 
Polly Joins the Missionary Society. The offering amounted to $52 
for missions. — Rena Heestand, Homeworth, Ohio, Dec. 28. 


Bartlesville. — We had our homecoming Dec. 4. Three carloads came 
down from Coffeyville, Kans. Nine were baptized in the afternoon, 
seven being from Coffeyville. Bro. R. L. Cotnam is doing a fine work 
at that place. In the face of the depression the church is still taking 
on new life and we feel that the church in Bartlesville has a bright 
future. The church has a plan in effect now by which we have been 
able to help many who are in need. We have a storehouse and folks 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


bring in foodstuff as they are able. When a call comes for help the 
pastor can supply the needs at once. The young people's class gave 
three baskets for Thanksgiving and the church four. We plan to 
give eight or ten for Christmas. Many of our members do not have 
steady work but they respond readily to the help of their needy 
neighbors. Dec. 11 at the regular council we elected church officers 
for the coming year: Bro. Edwin as elder; Mrs. L. W. Smith, clerk; 
Bro. E. W. Burchfield, trustee; Sister Joe Campbell, correspondent; 
Sister Ella Dizmang, Messenger agent. — Mrs. Hazel Campbell, Bartles- 
ville, Okla., Dec. 24. 


Ashland. — Sister Blanche Lininger was reelected Sunday-school 
superintendent. Our school has increased some in attendance. We 
very much appreciate the help given in our church work by some of 
the students from the normal school here. The mothers and daughters 
with Sister Edith Cox as president had luncheon together. A program 
was given and we sewed some for the Red Cross. Rev. Atchley, an 
ardent temperance worker, talked in our church one Sunday morning. 
The women of the church gave a play in the Thanksgiving program, 
entitled, Asleep in Zion. An offering was taken for the mission cause. 
At our December council most all the church officers were retained. 
M. C. Lininger is elder in charge; Samuel Ellenberger, clerk; the 
writer, Messenger agent and correspondent. We are planning to have 
a revival before long with a love feast at the close of the meeting. 
Bro. Lininger was with the members at Macdoel, Calif., at their coun- 
cil, also for their Thanksgiving service and love feast. — Mrs. M. C. 
Lininger, Ashland, Ore., Dec. 24. 


Chiques. — At the fall council Nov. 17 we decided to hold a Bible insti- 
tute again in the near future. Nov. 20 we started our revival serv- 
ices in charge of Bro. Norman K. Musser from Mountville, Pa., and 
continued until Dec. 6. As a direct result of his fine sermons nine 
were baptized Dec. 3. The Mountville ladies' chorus favored us with 
a program of song Nov. 27 and the Elizabethtown male chorus ren- 
dered a program Dec. 4. The reader of the evening was a brother 
almost seventy years old. The Brooklyn church appealed for help 
and on Dec. 21 Bro. E. Hertzler took them a load of supplies. The 
Chiques Aid Society donated several boxes of food and clothing to the 
Bethany mission church in Philadelphia. The Mt. Hope Sunday-school 
was favored with a talk by Eld. P. J. Forney Dec. 18, followed by an 
able sermon on Faith. An interesting letter was received from our 
worker on the foreign field, Bro. Graybill, and read at church serv- 
ices on Dec. 18. — Fanny Zug Shearer, Manheim, Pa., Dec. 23. 

Heidelberg.— Aug. 21 Bro. Wieand of Bethany Biblical Seminary pre- 
sented one of his Bible talks which was very much appreciated. 
Sept. 25 Bro. Phares Forney was with us in a harvest service and 
brought a fitting message. An offering of $17 was sent to the Neffs- 
ville Orphanage. At different occasions Brethren Amos Heisey, Irvin 
Heisey, Benj. Zug and Alton Bucher had charge of our morning serv- 
ice. Bro. Harvey Frantz officiated at our love feast Oct. 8. We had 
the pleasure of having present a number of other visiting ministers 
who brought us practical truths. Brethren Graybill and Milton 
Hershey were with us at the Thanksgiving service and gave us some 
helpful messages. Our council was held Dec. 5. We are looking for- 
ward to a week-end Bible institute. Our revival meetings closed 
Christmas night. Bro. Group brought us eighteen practical messages 
and his illustrated work made lasting impressions. We feel that the 
church as a whole was encouraged and as a direct result three souls 
were born into the kingdom and two reclaimed. — Kathryn Brubaker, 
Schaefferstown, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Hershey. — Oct. 2 was rally day. The address was given by Bro. J. I. 
Baugher. In the evening the young people had charge of the meet- 
ing. Bro. John Hershey from Lititz gave a splendid talk. This was 
followed by a farewell message from Sister Eliza Miller, whom the 
church is supporting on the India field. She also talked to the Sun- 
day-school in the morning. Bro. S. H. Hess from Royersford offi- 
ciated at our love feast. On the evening of Nov. 19 and the follow- 
ing Sunday Bro. Ralph Schlosser from Elizabethtown College con- 
ducted a Bible institute; he gave us impressive messages which were 
much enjoyed. Bro. Walter Hartman from the Annville church 
brought us the message the evening of Nov. 6 and Bro. Frank Garber 
of the Palmyra church also preached. Bro. Howard Merkey from Man- 
heim labored faithfully in our revival. While there were no visible 
results we feel lasting impressions have been made. Dec. 11 the Byler 
family gave us a program of music which was much enjoyed. Our 
council meeting was held Dec. 12. Six church letters were received. It 
was decided to hold our quarterly council the first Monday evening of 
the month instead of the second. The pastoral committee was not 
ready to give a final report and was continued until next council. 
On Christmas evening the children gave a program of recitations and 
exercises followed by a splendid address by Bro. J. I. Baugher. — Mary 
Bashore, Hershey, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Long Ruin church held their Christmas entertainment on Dec. 24. 
Eld. Samuel G. Meyers was with us during the Christmas season. On 
Sunday morning, Dec. 25, we had Sunday-school in the Long Run 
church with preaching at 10: 30. We had preaching in the Zimmerman 
church, Pleasant Corner, in the afternoon. There will be no more 
meetings at Zimmerman church until further announcements are made, 
as it is impossible for Eld. Meyers to be with us; but he will be here 
for the services at Long Run church at the usual time. — Mrs. Quinton 
A. Kunkle, Parryville, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Myerstown — Our council was held Dec. 10. Members of the differ- 
ent committees of church activities were elected or reelected. Bro. 
Calvin Wagner was elected president of the Christian Workers; Sister 
Mary Deckert, reelected president of the Sisters' Aid Society. A 
week-end Bible institute, to be conducted by members of the Eliza- 
bethtown College faculty, will be arranged for. Dec. 18 Eld. Michael 
Kurtz gave the morning sermon. Christmas evening a program was 
rendered and Bro. Alton Bucher gave an address. Dec. 26 the minis- 
ters' meeting of Eastern Pennsylvania was held in the Myerstown 
house. There were morning and afternoon sessions. A Bible study 
class, to be taught by Bro. J. F. King, is being enrolled; to meet 
Thursday night of each week.— Alice B. Royer, Myerstown, Pa., 
Dec. 28. 

Scalp Level congregation closed a very interesting revival Sunday 
evening, Dec. 11, with Eld. H. D. Jones, Aurora, N. Y., in charge. 
Bro. Jones preached the word with power and conviction, night after 
night. The attendance was large each evening, and we had delega- 
tions from some of the neighboring churches which helped in the 
interest of the meetings. Bro. Jones was raised in this community, 
so it was a treat for him to be back among his former friends in the 
Lord; he proved a convincing preacher. As a direct result twenty- 
two came into the church through baptism, and one was restored to 
fellowship. Bro. Jones with the pastor made sixty visits in our homes. 
We are looking forward to having with us the Student Volunteers of 
Juniata College, Feb. 12, at the morning service. We are also looking 
forward to a union revival with all the churches of the community 
taking part. — Florence V. Seese, Windber, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Schuylkill. — Our two weeks' revival closed Nov. 20. Eld. John C. 
Zug of Palmyra labored faithfully while with us and preached soul- 
stirring sermons; he also visited in many of the homes. There was 
special music by the ladies' quartet. We gathered in the church 
Thanksgiving evening for worship. Bro. Chas. Ziegler of Richland 
brought the message. Nov. 27 Bro. Elias Frantz preached the morn- 
ing sermon at the Swopes Valley house. In the evening at the 
Strouphar house the Volunteer group of Elizabethtown College gave 
us helpful and inspiring talks. The most successful and well attended 
young people's program was given Dec. 4. Addresses were given by 
Eld. J. I. Byler of Lititz with special music by the Byler family. Sev- 
eral topics were discussed by the young people. The Big Dam Sunday- 
school rendered a Christmas program on the evening of Dec. 25 with 
an address by Eld. S. K. Wenger. — Mrs. Carrie Zechman, Pine Grove, 
Pa., Dec. 26. 

West Green Tree.— Nov. 8 and 9 we held our love feast at the Rheems 
house. Fourteen ministers were present. Bro. Michael Markey offi- 
ciated. We held the Thanksgiving services at the Florin house. Dec. 4 
Bro. Samuel Lehigh brought us an inspiring message at the Rheems 
house. In the afternoon there was a Children's Day service at the 
same place. Bro. J. E. Whitacre from Harrisburg gave an address. 
In the evening Bro. John Zug from Palmyra began a revival at the 
Florin house which continued for two weeks. His messages were in- 
spiring. As a result of the meetings two young men accepted Christ. 
The attendance at the meetings was fine. Dec. 19 the church met in 
council. Sunday-school officers were elected for the year: Bro. Samuel 
Ober at the Green Tree house, Bro. Wm. Longenecker at the Florin 
house and Bro. Jacob Williams at the Rheems house. Sister Lillian 
Buffenmyer resigned as church reporter and the writer was chosen for 
one year. A special council is called for Jan. 2 at the Rheems house. — 
Mrs. Elmer Hoover, Rheems, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Windber. — At a recent council church officers were elected for the 
coming year. Bro. J. A. Buffenmyer was reelected presiding elder. 
Nov. 1 Bro. J. H. Cassady from Washington, D. C, gave an interest- 
ing lecture on prohibition. To create more interest in missions the 
missionary committee of our church has been arranging for special 
programs. Nov. 20 the people of the Berkey church rendered a pro- 
gram of song, and a collection was taken for missions. Nov. 27 the 
young people of our circuit rendered a program in our church. The 
offering taken was to help support Sister Burke, missionary. Dec. 13 
the Ladies' Aid met for reorganization and Mrs. Chas. W. Blough was 
elected president. Dec. 15 the Kentucky harmony quartet rendered 
a program of song. The children of our Sunday-school rendered a 
program on Christmas morning. A special offering was lifted toward 
the support of Sister Anna Z. Blough, missionary to India. Feb. 12 
we are expecting the Volunteer Mission Band of Juniata College to 
render a program for us. — Mrs. Mary Allison, Windber, Pa., Dec. 28. 


Mt. Hope church closed a series of meetings on Sunday night, Nov. 
27, conducted by Bro. Ed Cunningham of Olympia. One united with 
the church and was baptized on Sunday afternoon. The splendid mes- 
sages and special singing were enjoyed by large crowds at each serv- 
ice. Our church went to Forest Center for communion services one 
night during the meetings. The bazaar and entertainment given re- 
cently by our Ladies' Aid drew a large crowd. — Mrs. Leona Barnhart, 
Chewelah, Wash., Dec. 20. 

Sunnyside church met in council Dec. 10. Church officers were 
chosen: Elder, B. J. Fike; C. I. Myer, church clerk; Sister Pearl Boyd, 
correspondent and Messenger agent. Since the last report five have 
been added to the church by baptism, four of these being members at 
Hanford where Bro. Geo. Strycker is conducting services; these came 
as the result of his efforts. We are looking forward to the coming of 
Bro. A. L. Sellers in February for a week's meeting. — Mrs. John T. 
Reeves, Sunnyside, Wash., Dec. 21. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

Fallen Asleep 

(Continued From Page 27) 
farm in Pleasant Township, Grant County, Ind., which became their 
permanent homestead. At the age of twenty-five she united with the 
Church of the Brethren and lived a devoted Christian life for over 
sixty years. Since the death of her husband in 1914 she made her 
home with her children, spending the last few years with her daugh- 
ter, Mary E. Studebaker, in Muncie. She leaves three sons, five 
daughters, fifteen grandchildren and six great-grandchildren. Funeral 
service at the Cart Creek church and interment in the Mt. Vernon 
cemetery.— Reuben Boomershine, Muncie, Ind. 

Miller, infant daughter of David and Leah Miller, born Dec. 17, and 
lived only a few hours. Brief services were held in the home by the 
undersigned Dec. 19.— Ray E. Zook, Elkhart, Iowa. 

Moothart, David Mahlon, born in Bedford County, Pa., died at Cul- 
bertson, Mont., Dec. 7, 1932, aged 76 years. He married Ardelia Wood 
at Waterloo, Iowa, Dec. 11, 1879; they would soon have celebrated 
their fifty-third wedding anniversary. Five children were born to 
them; one son died Nov. 5, 1918. Bro. Moothart and wife were bap- 
tized into the Brethren Church at Waterloo, Iowa, a few years after 
their marriage. They were faithful workers not only in this church 
but in other churches in the communities where they lived. There 
being no Brethren church at Culbertson he attended the M. E. church 
where he was chosen Sunday-school superintendent. Funeral by the 
writer.— G. I. Michael, Carrington, N. Dak. 

Petcher, Harold Dean, son of Clair and Elva (Replogle) Petcher, was 
born Aug. 3, 1928, and died Dec. 18, 1932, aged 4 years, 4 months and 
15 days. He was a bright and promising child and his sudden passing 
came as a great shock to his parents and friends. Services were con- 
ducted by our pastor, Bro. James M. Moore. Burial in Glen Oak 
cemetery.— Martha E. Lear, Chicago, 111. 

Replogle, Sister Amelia J., died in the Home at Scalp Level, Pa., 
Oct. 25, 1932, aged 84 years. She united with the church Aug. 20, 1932, 
and had been an inmate of the Home for about two years. Funeral 
service by her pastor, Bro. J. A. Buffenmyer, assisted by Rev. C. P. 
Salladay, Methodist. Burial in the Saltsburg cemetery.— Mrs. J. A. 
Buffenmyer, Windber, Pa. 

Root, Sister Ada Frances, born in Johnson County, Mo., died Dec. 9, 
1932, aged 43 years. She was the daughter of John A. and Elizabeth 
Byerly. Her father preceded her ten years ago. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren in 1901 and in 1927 affiliated with the Dunkard 
Brethren at Elk City, Okla. Nov. 29, 1911, she married John J. Root. 
To this union were born six daughters and three sons. She also 
leaves her mother, one brother and two sisters. Since coming to Cali- 
fornia in the fall of 1928 her health had been failing. A few days before 
the end she called for the anointing service. Burial in the Modesto 
cemetery. Services by S. S. Garst and Victor O. Whitmer.— Mrs. 
Nellie Whitmer, Waterford, Calif. 

Senior, Mrs. Samuel, died in the home of her son at Scalp Level, 
Nov. 15, 1932. Funeral service in the church by Bro. J. A. Buffen- 
myer, the pastor, assisted by Rev. W. W. Hall, Evangelical. Inter- 
ment in the Windber cemetery.— Mrs. J. A. Buffenmyer, Windber, Pa. 

Sheffkr, Sister Ida Alice, wife of Daniel ShefHer, died of an acute 
heart attack at her home in Waynesboro, Pa., on Dec. 22, 1932. She 
was aged 73 years. She was the daughter of Henry and Julia Ann 
Rodgers Barkdoll. About a year and a half ago she united with the 
Church of the Brethren. She is survived by her husband and nine 
children. Services by her pastor, Eld. L. K. Ziegler. Interment in 
the cemetery at Ringgold, Md— Sudie M. Wingert, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Shelly, Bro. Henry M., aged 82 years, died Nov. 20, 1932, at the home 
of John Brubaker in Florin. He had been a member of the Church of 
the Brethren for a good many years. He was a son of the late Harry 
and Margaret Miller Shelly, and is survived by two nephews and three 
nieces. Services at the Florin house by Bro. Hiram Eshelman and 
John Brubaker. Interment in the East Fairview cemetery. — Mrs. Elmer 
Hoover, Rheems, Pa. 

Sheets, Sister Eva Irene, adopted daughter of Brother and Sister 
C. R. Sheets of Mt. Solon, Va., died in a hospital, Dec. 12, 1932, after 
an illness of three months. She called for the anointing a week before 
her death. She was only twenty years old but was a faithful member 
of the Church of the Brethren which she joined at the age of ten. She 
is survived by her foster parents, one adopted sister, two brothers and 
two sisters. Funeral by Eld. O. S. Miller, her pastor, assisted by Eld. 
M. G. Sanger.— Mrs. C. W. Zimmerman, Mt. Solon, Va. 

Smith, Bert, son of Bro. Harry and Sister Margaret Smith, born 
near Woodville, Ohio, April 15, 1875, died Dec. 8, 1932. He leaves one 
brother and one sister. Services in the Black Swamp church by Geo. 
Garner. Interment in Walbridge cemetery. — Mrs. Asenath Baker, 
Lemoyne, Ohio. 

Snoberger, Isaac Chalmer, died at his home in Martinsburg, Nov. 29, 
1932, aged 33 years. He had been ill more than a year. He was born 
at Shellytown and was the son of Wm. and Elsie Greenawalt Sno- 
berger. He married Miss Verna Teeter Jan. 12, 1917; she survives 
with two children. He was a loyal member of the Church of the 
Brethren in Martinsburg. Funeral services in the church by C. O. 
Beery and D. T. Detwiler. Interment in the Fairview cemetery. — 
Kathryn Long Lehman, Martinsburg, Pa. 

Snowberger, Sister Susanna, wife of Jacob H. Snowberger, died sud- 
denly at her home in Waynesboro, Pa., Dec. 15, 1932. She was the 
daughter of Henry and Julia Ann Rodgers Barkdoll. Many years ago 

she confessed Christ as her Savior and united with the Church of the 
Brethren. She is survived by her husband and three sons. Funeral 
services by Elders L. K. Ziegler and C. R. Oellig. Interment in Green 
Hill cemetery.— Sudie M. Wingert, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Snyder, Sister Elizabeth, daughter of Henry M. and Julia Ann Domer, 
born Nov. 27, 1866, died at her home near Baltic, Ohio, Nov. 12, 1932, 
after a short illness of pneumonia. She was married to Bro. Theo. 
Snyder in 1889. To this union were born four sons and three daugh- 
ters; one son died in France during the World War. Six grandchildren 
also survive. She united with the Church of the Brethren in early life. 
Funeral at the church at Baltic by Eld. Edw. Shepfer. Burial at the 
Young cemetery near Baltic— Mrs. Ellen Miller, Baltic, Ohio. 

Steffen, Mary, born Aug. 17, 1849, died at the home of her son, Cyrus 
R. Miles, near Cherry Box, Mo., Dec. 16, 1932. June 15, 1867, she mar- 
ried Marshall Miles. Her second husband was Wm. M. Thorp. She 
married Rev. Conrad Steffen March 7, 1909, who also preceded her. 
She leaves seven children, forty-eight grandchildren and forty-nine 
great-grandchildren. She was a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren and remained true till the end. Funeral services in the 
Shelby County church by Bro. J. S. Carney assisted by Bro. John 
Yoder. Burial in the cemetery at the church.— Mrs. Frank Folger, 
Leonard, Mo. 

Taylor, Mrs. Harriet Louisa, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth 
Burger, born in Marshall County, Ind., May 28, 1857, died at her home 
near Lakeville, Ind., Dec. 5, 1932. She married Frank H. Taylor on 
Nov. 21, 1877, and spent most of her married life on the farm where 
she died. She belonged to a family of twelve children, but only two 
remain. She and her husband have been members of the Pine Creek 
Church of the Brethren for thirty odd years, living consistent lives. 
She leaves an invalid husband, four children, seventeen grandchildren, 
eight great-grandchildren, a brother and sister. Funeral services at 
the East house by Eld. J. O. Kesler. Burial in the Fair cemetery. — 
Wm. H. Summers, North Liberty, Ind. 

Warner, Abraham, son of Jacob and Susanna Warner, born Aug. 20, 
1848, near Dayton, Ohio, died at the home of his daughter, Aug. 4, 
1932. May 21, 1871, he married Margaret Lehman who preceded him 
five years ago. . To this union were born seven children; surviving are 
three daughters, one son, ten grandchildren and four great-grandchil- 
dren. He united with the Church of the Brethren about forty- five 
years ago. Services in the U. B. church near Woodland by Bro. H. V. 
Townsend. Interment in the Woodland cemetery. — Sarah Hahn, Ver- 
montville, Mich. 

Weybright, Jacob F., died Sept. 3, 1932, aged 80 years. He was born 
in Elkhart County, Ind., near the Bethany church, and spent his entire 
life in this community. He was the son of John and Johanna Wey- 
bright. He married Sarah Cathrine Clem June 22, 1873. To this union 
were born three daughters, two of whom survive. He united with 
the Church of the Brethren early in life and remained faithful. — Mrs. 
Claude Niles, Milford, Ind. 

Weybright, John A., born in Elkhart County, Ind., Sept. 1, 1856, died 
at his home in Milford, Ind., Dec. 3, 1932. He married Sarah A. Pat- 
terson Feb. 16, 1879. To this union were born two sons and two daugh- 
ters. The wife, one son and two daughters remain with one sister and 
two brothers. He united with the Church of the Brethren early in 
life and served as deacon for forty-five years. Funeral services by 
Brethren Manly Deeter and E. B. Jones at the New Salem church and 
burial in the cemetery near by. — Dora Stout, Milford, Ind. 

Wilholt, Mrs. Emma, died Dec. 13, 1932, at her residence in Grand 
Rapids, Mich., aged 85 years. She attended services at the Church 
of the Brethren almost exclusively, although she never became affili- 
ated with the church. One son lives in Chicago, 111. Services by the 
undersigned. Interment in Garfield Park cemetery. — Van B. Wright, 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Wineland, Jonathan L., died Nov. 22, 1932, aged 80 years. He was 
born near Millerstown, the son of David and Sophia Loose Wineland, 
and was the last of a family of fourteen children. He married Miss 
Esther Kensinger in 1874. The widow survives with two sons, two 
daughters, six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. He was a 
member of the Church of the Brethren in Martinsburg for the past 
twenty-five years and had a deep love for the church. Funeral serv- 
ices in the Martinsburg church by C. O. Beery assisted by Ira C. 
Holsopple and Bro. Humberd. Interment in Fairview cemetery. — 
Kathryn Long Lehman, Martinsburg, Pa. 

Wyles, Sister Rachel Clapper, wife of Bro. Philip Wyles, born Sept. 3, 
1855, in Bedford County, Pa., died Nov. 27, 1932, at her home in Snake 
Spring Valley. She became a member of the Brethren church in early 
life and lived faithful to the end. She lived most of her life in this 
community. During her illness she was anointed. Her husband died in 
February, 1929. She was the mother of thirteen children; surviving 
are four sons, four daughters, nineteen grandchildren and four great- 
grandchildren, one brother, three half brothers and one half sister. 
Funeral services in the church by Bro. D. I. Pepple assisted by Bro. 
Alva Shuss. Interment in the Wyles cemetery. — Mrs. Samuel Wyles, 
Everett, Pa. 

Zimmerman, Sister Kate, died Dec. 11, 1932, of pneumonia, aged 33 
years. She was the wife of Bro. Geo. Zimmerman and mother of 
seven children. She was the daughter of Sister Mary Kinsey, and the 
seventh child in a family of eleven children; her father, two sisters and 
four brothers preceded her. Services in the Church of the Brethren in 
Waterford by Bro. J. W. Sanner assisted by Bro. Wm. Rummel. In- 
terment in Green Mt. cemetery. — Mrs. W. E. Wolford, Ligonier, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 


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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1933 

M"l I 11 1 I I I ■ 1 .. I .. I .. I .. I - I - I - I -- I - I - I-I - I - I -- I - I - I - I - I - I - I - I - I - I - I - I ■ I - I-I-I - ■ ! ■■ ! ■ M I I 1 1 1 I ITI 1 ■ X-I-I-I M I I I I M I 1 I I I I I I I I I M - fr 

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Vol. 82 

ospel Messenger 


Elgin, 111., January 21, 1933 

No. 3 


Nobody knows what it means to keep the church serving like those who do the serv- 
ing. Ask St. Paul, and read his answer in 2 Cor. 1 1 : 23-28. But the servant can not do 
all of the serving. He can not do it alone. Somebody must hold the ropes while the serv- 
ants go down into India, China, Africa, Bethany, the Elgin offices, the American moun- 
tains, plains and slums. Surely it is too much to asfy them to hold their own ropes. If the 
home church lets go it will be a calamity to the unsaved, the church and her servants. Do 
something for the Conference Budget! It is not loo late. It can not be too much. It 
must not be too little. Surely the Lord is counting on us to do our best. — H. C. Eller, 
Field Director, Southern District of Virginia. 



In Imitation of America (H. A. B.), 3 

The Program Is One (E. F.), 3 

Having Done All, to Stand (E. F.), 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.), 17 


Religion and Crisis. By D. W. Kurtz, 2 

Ride on in Majesty (Poem) 5 

The Test of Christianity. By Chas. D. Bonsack, 5 

Keeping the Church Serving. By H. L. Hartsough, 5 

An Eleventh-Hour Appeal. By Jeremiah Thomas 7 

"I Love Thy Church." By Nora M. Rhodes 7 

A Needy World at the Gate of the Temple. By Rufus D. Bowman, 8 

A Message to All Women of the Church. By Mrs. Ross D. Murphy 12 

Facing Financial Facts (H. S. M.) 20 

Monthly Financial Statement (C. M. C.) 24 


Good Music and Preaching. By George L. Detweiler 10 

Being Fair with Those Who Have Served the Church. L. T. Holsinger, Mrs. W. B. 

Stover, A. M. Sharp, Mrs. Ira Lapp 10 


Editorial 13 

A Seeker's Questions and the Answers He Received, 13 

The Human Need of a Master. By Paul W. Rupel, 14 

News From the Field 14 


Results (Poem). By Myra Brooks Welch, 18 

Lest We Forget. By Lula R. Tinkle . 18 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime. — No. 4. By Florence S. Studebaker, ...19 

Darkest Before Dawn. By John E. Stoner 22 

In Memory of Mother. By J. M. Henry 23 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 



President of Bethany Biblical Seminary, Moderator Annual Conference, 1932 

All advances in religion have been in times of crises ; all decadence in 
religion has been due to crises when the voice of the prophet was silent. 
Hardships are a blessing to those who have the true faith. 

The children of Israel prospered under Egyptian bondage ; they were 
purified by the Babylonian captivity. But luxury destroyed Babylon and 
Rome. Human life is so constituted that it can not thrive on luxury ; it 

weakens, and decays. But difficulties, hardships, sufferings, and even slavery, have developed peo- 
ples into nations that blessed the earth. 

The Jews in Babylon had a wonderful pastor — the prophet Ezekiel. The people who re- 
sponded through him to a loyal faith in God became the Judaism that gave us our Lord, and all 
the apostles. 

The hardships of the early church purified them, and challenged them. They conquered the 
pagan Roman Empire, and the church became the one redeeming power in the world. 

Crises can become blessings if people will be loyal to Christ, and put the work of the kingdom 
of God first. 

Ten million men are out of work ; but thirty million men are not out of work. Surely this is 
no time for the church of Christ to lie down on the job. This is the time when we need a real dedi- 
cation of life. The crisis of this hour demands genuine consecration. 

1. The church of Christ is the one institution on earth that stands for the promotion of spir- 
itual values. Spiritual values are the basis of all values. 

2. The program of the church must not suffer to the extent of inefficiency — we must work 
and pray and give that the program of the church will go on. 

3. We must not forget that there are rich blessings to those who have vital fellowship with 
Christ in his sufferings. 

4. Sufferings and sacrifice for righteousness' sake are both a blessing to the cause of the king- 
dom, and to the one who sacrifices. But just " suffering " is not a blessing. There were three 
crosses on Calvary. Only one was the cross of love, and loyalty to God, and his cause. 

5. Paul gloried in the fact that he was privileged to suffer for his Lord. " For if we suffer 
with him, we shall also reign with him." 

6. We need a virile religion, a heroic spirit, that will not give up because the task is difficult. 
The program of the church must go on, or every phase of the kingdom will suffer. Only the 
church that remains loyal in the midst of the crisis, will be a blessing to God and to the individual. 

This is the time when we can develop a heroic faith, to sacrifice for a cause when it is hard, 
and for Jesus' sake, to promote the cause of the kingdom. 

" All things work together for good to them that love God " if they love him enough to put 
God and his kingdom first, to be loyal to him unto death — " Though he slay me, yet will I trust 

The church needs a virile, heroic, victorious faith, then the glories of the spiritual life will be 
ours. The church can regain her place of leadership in the nation if she rises to the opportunity of 
demonstrating a life and faith in spiritual values — creating personalities whose " citizenship is in 
heaven," who will not be defeated by physical handicaps, but will sing the paean of victory through 
Jesus Christ our Lord. 




H. A. BRANDT— Assistant Editor 

Vol. 82 

Elgin, 111., January 21, 1933 

No. 3 


In Imitation of America 

The sickening war business in northern China con- 
tinues. One would think after the Shanghai disaster 
that the Japanese could not risk further meddling in 
Chinese affairs, but such is not the case according to 
dominant Japanese reasoning. Perhaps the militarists 
feel Japan has nothing more to lose in the eyes of the 
world, so the war machine plows on, leaving ruin and 
death in its wake. All was risked on the appeal to 
might, and by might they must win — if they win. 

And yet, this can hardly fully explain the underlying 
reasoning of those who are responsible for Japanese 
foreign policy. Perhaps what that reasoning is, is sub- 
stantially what K. K. Kawakami explains, when he says 
it is really nothing more than a faithful imitation of 
American foreign policy! Substitute Nicaragua or 
Haiti for China, and America for Japan, and you have 
America teaching just what Japan has learned. What 
makes the Sino- Japanese situation seem so ghastly is 
that Japan is dealing with a real antagonist, while 
America has imposed her will on nations too feeble to 
strike back. 

The Japanese spokesman referred to does not bother 
to defend his country on moral or economic grounds. 
His case is that Japan is simply a faithful pupil of 
America. He might have added of the other powers as 
well. " That is why the big powers of Europe, while 
publicly scolding her [Japan], have been privately pat- 
ting her on the back." 

Hence what we really see in the far east, according to 
our Japanese apologist, is the spectacle of western for- 
eign policy applied by an apt oriental pupil. We are 
seeing how American methods look to nations on the 
sidelines. Mr. Kawakami's thesis is supported by a 
sobering basis in fact. But in saying that Japan is 
nothing more than an apt pupil of America he has not 
absolved his country from the moral obligation to 

choose the better rather than the worst in our culture. 
And he has given new point to the work of those who 
strive for the gold standard in the exchange of national 
ideals. h. a. b. 

The Program Is One 

Not only because it lays the groundwork for the thir- 
teenth but because of its own content the twelfth chap- 
ter of First Corinthians is a great chapter. There are 
diversities of gifts but the same Spirit. Each gift has 
its own proper use and they are all needed. All con- 
tribute to the one end. It is in the church body as in 
the human physical body. It is very foolish for the eye 
or the hand to boast of its own superior importance, 
and forget that without the less comely parts of the 
body its own value would be seriously impaired if not 
entirely destroyed. 

Some like to argue whether home missions or foreign 
is the more important. It is a pointless use of time and 
energy. Without a strong home base the work abroad 
must be weak and liable to perish. Yet nothing has 
ever been so useful for kindling devotion to the work at 
home as a lively interest in foreign missions. And ever 
to extend her borders remains the great first work of 
the church. The two phases of it are mutually condi- 
tioning factors in kingdom growth, each of which needs 
the other. 

Equally irrelevant and false is the issue between 
evangelism and Christian education. What quantities 
of idle words have been wasted over that ! These also 
need each other and, rightly conceived and carried on, 
merge into each other until you can not tell where one 
leaves off and the other begins. 

Let's have an end of these mischief-making compari- 
sons and contrasts. Missions abroad and in the home- 
land, evangelism and education, colleges and seminary, 
minister making and ministerial relief, all departments 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, General Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

and activities are parts of the one church program. Let 
us have our personal likings and special interests as we 
will, but not to the point of forgetting that there are 
others which have their place in the healthy functioning 
of the church. 

This then is the first of the two ideas we would press 
upon our attention. Though there are diversities of ac- 
tivities they all converge upon the one great aim. And 
they are mutually dependent. They are dominated by 
a common purpose and each needs the support of all 
the rest. If one interest suffers, all the others suffer 
with it. Our understanding must be broad enough to 
see this, and our sympathies must be enlarged enough 
to respond accordingly. 

When therefore an earnest brother proposes prac- 
tically calling off operations in our foreign mission 
fields on the ground that there is plenty to do at home 
to occupy all the forces we can command, we do not 
warm up to his suggestion. We are persuaded that he 
is on the wrong trail. We are sure that the home base 
will not be strengthened in that way. We know how 
tremendously it needs the vision and faith and courage 
and inspiration which come from contact with the wid- 
er world need. 

The program is one. But the whole is equal to the 
sum of all its parts. It will not be whole if some of the 
parts are left out. This truth is very old. We'd bet- 
ter not forget it. 

The other thought for present attention concerns the 
nature of that one central all controlling aim. What is 
it? What is that one increasing purpose which runs 
through all our church activities and ties them togeth- 
er? It is the production of the largest possible yield of 
abundant life. It is the perfecting of personalities. It 
is the enrichment of human experience and the enliven- 
ing of hope against the unknown future. It is, to fall 
back on the good old word, it is the salvation of the 

As those readers know who can read his scribble 
without going to sleep, this has become an obsession 
with the present writer, and it will require a good deal 
of stedfastness on their part to endure it. No sign of 
relief appears on the horizon at this time. In season 
and out of season we shall continue to sound this note. 
The right of any agency or activity to a place in the 
church program hinges on its contribution to the more 
abundant life. Is it helping men and women to find the 
answer to the problems that harass them ? Is it giving 
them more faith and courage, more peace and power? 
Is it deepening for them the sense of God's fatherhood 
and their comradeship with their brother men? This 
is the test which they all must pass. 

It would be unreasonable to look for some definite 
and measurable result in character and life at every 
turn of the road. Spiritual values are not so subject as 

that to quick appraisal. They must have time to ripen. 
There may be years and years of hard endeavor of the 
finest kind with no visible fruitage. The point we 
stress is this : Are our project planners and program 
makers careful to keep this central aim in the forefront 
of their thinking? And do we common folk who fol- 
low their leading keep clear in our own minds what this 
stir is all about ? 

We must not permit our leaders to forget it. We 
would bring light and life, hope and faith, to men and 
women. It is not that somebody may have a job, use- 
ful as that is in a time of widespread unemployment; it 
is not that the church machinery may be kept running, 
nice as it is to see the wheels go round, that boards and 
pastors and teachers, women and laymen, labor and 
plead with us. It is that the distraught people of our 
day may have the consolation which is in Christ, that 
lives may be lifted into the atmosphere of heaven be- 
cause people have learned to know and love God and 
one another. 

With the consciousness of so great an aim inspiring 
us and leading us on, in reliance on the strength which 
comes from companionship with Christ, let us support 
the program of the church with joy, to the limit of our 
ability. The program is one. e. f. 

Having Done All, to Stand 

" To stand valiantly for its faith and be true in meth- 
od to its spiritual ideals " is indeed the difficult problem 
of Christianity today. Men are making religions out 
of other systems of thought and action. They are say- 
ing that the only values of life are the material ones. 
Some are seeking these for themselves in disregard of 
the rights of others. Some are seeking a fairer dis- 
tribution of them with their fellows, yet with the same 
disregard of other values, even denying that there are 
any other values. And some would underscore their 
denial by the use of violence in bringing things to pass. 

All this makes it hard for us who bear the Christian 
name, but it makes it the more important that we be 
true to that name. We must be quick to see and do 
whatever is good in these materialistic schemes. We 
must be as eager as they to stop the exploitation of the 
many by the few. Only thus can we make good our 
profession of faith in the higher values. But we must 
champion that faith on every front in every way. By 
greater patience, warmer love, and more enduring trust 
we must show forth our deep conviction that God is 
and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek 

It isn't easy. If it were, it would hardly be worth 
doing. It can be done. It must be done because the 
life of Christianity hangs on it. Because the spirit val- 
ues are the only lasting ones, the only deeply satisfying 
ones. E. f. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 




power and reign. 

The Test of Christianity 


Secretary General Mission Board 

// the Christian church is a blessing to Europe and 
America it must be for all the people. Good news 
must be shared. If we do not share it, it either con- 
demns our faith in its goodness, or our love for all men. 
To limit either our love, faith or goodwill, is to limit 

Missions is the test of New Testament Christianity. 
William Adams Brown says : " Every book in the New 
Testament was written by a foreign missionary. Every 
epistle in the New Testament to a church was written 
to a foreign missionary church. Every letter to an in- 
dividual, was written to the convert of a foreign mis- 
sionary. The only authoritative history of the early 
church was a foreign missionary journal. All the 
twelve apostles became foreign missionaries, except 
one, and he became a traitor !" 

Missions is the test of our faith in Christ. If Jesus 
is the Son of God he must be the hope for all of God's 
creation. If the Christian church is a blessing to Eu- 
rope and America it must be for all the people. Good 
news must be shared. If we do 
not share it, it either condemns 
our faith in its goodness, or our 
love for all men. To limit either 
our love, faith or goodwill, is to 
limit God. 

If there ever was a time 
that we needed the heroism 
of faith to hold the whole world 
before God and the church it is 
now. We need it so that we may 
discover afresh the resources of 
God. We need it to rediscover 
the mission and power of the 
church. We need it too for the 
hope and healing of a distressed 
world, which has become one 

great neighborhood in which we all must live! 
Because of the selfishness of nationalism that has 
swept across the land since the world war; because of 
a depressio'n resulting from destruction, waste and ma- 
terialism ; because of the increased demands upon the 
church at home, and because of the sudden poverty in 
earthly possessions that has come to all of us, the nat- 
ural tendency will be to neglect our foreign missions. 
But any attempt to do so will be severing us from the 
power of Christ and that of the New Testament 

This does not mean that the work at home should be 
neglected one iota. Neither does it mean that missions 
needs one penny that is required for bread or the urgent 
service of the church to those about us. It only means 
that we keep faith with Christ. That we keep faith 
with the missionaries in their task. That we rely even 
more, both for ourselves and others, on the unlimited 
resources and power of God. That we lift up our feeble 
hands in supplication for guidance and grace, yet going 
forward " knowing in whom we believe." The work is 
his. The church is his. We shall not trust him in vain. 
Already there are many evidences of new blessings out 
of the sacrifices made, both on the mission fields and at 
home. Let us look up and not down ; look out and not 
in, and we shall find the Lord rich and strong to supply 
all our needs. 

Elgin, III. m m 

Keeping the Church Serving 

Chairman General Ministerial Board 

Some men will find God through their emotions, oth- 
ers will thinks their way to him, while others will find 
him in the every day experience of life. The church 
must stand at the door of these varied experiences of 
men and say, "Lo, here is God," or men will not rec- 
ognize him. + ^ # # 

It is not enough to have a 
certain amount of training be- 
fore We enter the ministry. A 
minister must £eep on grow- 
ing or he should get out of the 
pulpit. Truth never changes, 
but the world moves on rapid- 
ly and the minister must meet 
new situations, new problems, 
old sins in new forms. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦> 
The hour for the church has 
struck. Will she step forward 
able to fill the one mission God 
has entrusted into her hands? 
We await the answer with the 
gravest concern. If she fails 
now — she dare not fail. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

What is the distinctive task of the church? To dis- 
cover and interpret for men and women the Divine 
Spirit, the only abiding, satisfying value of life. And 
to exemplify how to bring the human spirit into a sav- 
ing and working fellowship with the Divine Spirit — a 
fellowship that saves a man not only from future pun- 
ishment, but from himself and from an environment 
over which he has no control — a working fellowship 
that enables him to take his place in the great plan of 
God as a positive force in the program of redemptive 
love. » » * * 

God must be interpreted in terms men can under- 
stand. It must be in the realm of their own experience. 
Some men will find God through their emotions, others 
will think their way to him, while others will find him 
in the every day experience of life. The church must 
stand at the door of these varied experiences of men 
and say, " Lo, here is God," or men will not recognize 
him. The church must do more than help men find God. 
She must help men understand how this newly found 
power will bring to them a practical solution of their 
daily problems and needs instead of just making them 
feel good and saving them when they die. 

This is the distinctive task of the church. There is 
constantly the danger that she may weaken because of 
the bigness of the task or may become so interested in 
some of the by-products of Christianity that she may 
lose sight of her one great mission. If the church fails 
in her task our civilization is lost. 

* * ■* * 

The task of the church is not only the most impor- 
tant task but the most difficult task of all. It calls for a 
higher quality of leadership than any other business in 
the world. In intelligence, vision, courage, adaptability, 
and consecration the leadership of the church must ex- 
excel all others. * * * * 

Here is where we are facing our gravest danger in 
our own church. Ask yourself some serious questions. 
In your own state district are the young men of 
strongest personality, of highest mental ability, and of 
noblest ideals volunteering for the minis- 
try? Or are the best going into law, 
medicine, teaching and business and sec- 
ond and third-rate men seeking the min- 
istry? Is the min- 
istry getting the 
pick of the college 
graduates each 
year in our own 
colleges ? 

My attention was called to one of our strong church- 
es where the best people (particularly the young) are 
leaving and going to a near-by church of another de- 
nomination. Why ? Because the minister in their pul- 
pit could not help them with their deeper problems of 
life. They found in another church a man who could 
interpret the great truths of God in terms of their own 
experiences, and they are crowding his church. 

How many times has it been laid on your heart, as 
a member of the local church that you should support 
with your prayers and money Bethany Biblical Seminary 
where we train our ministers ? Are we demanding and 
making it possible for the seminary to send back into 
our pulpits the men who will lead the Church of the 
Brethren on to a glorious ministry? Do we feel the 
Christian enthusiasm about giving to the support of our 
seminary as we do to the support of the Africa mis- 
sion? • .' « • 

It is not enough to have a certain amount of training 
before we enter the ministry. A minister must keep on 
growing or he should get out of the pulpit. Truth nev- 
er changes, but the world moves on rapidly and the 
minister must meet new situations, new problems, old 
sins in new forms. The minister must be a growing 
man. Many of our successful pastors did not have a 
seminary training but by being diligent students in the 
school of life they have become second to none as Chris- 
tian leaders. » « • • 

It is the work of the General Ministerial Board to 
provide and supervise the training of the ministers in 
our pulpits by providing the best possible reading 
courses, district and regional training schools for min- 
isters, and by stimulating the growth of the ministers, 
while they are serving. The board seeks to urge the 
churches to give their ministers a chance to grow, dis- 
couraging laziness and carelessness and shallowness and 
encouraging industry and vision and consecration on 
the part of the ministry. You can see that there should 
be the closest cooperation between the General Minis- 
isterial Board and the seminary as they 
are working at the same task. 

These years of depression have taught 
us some valuable 
lessons. One of 
these lessons is the 
necessity of center- 
ing our efforts and 
expenditures on es- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

sentials. What can we let go and not fundamentally 
hurt our cause? The institutions that fail in their 
judgment at this point will come out of the depression 
either ruined or crippled for many years. We would 
he glad to continue all the work we have undertaken as 
a church. That will be impossible. What can afford to 
wait? If we slow down on the training of our minis- 
try in this hour when the need is so pressing, when the 
times demand and will demand for many years the 
clearest thinking and bravest hearts in religious leader- 
ship, it is doubtful if we will ever be able to recover 
from our blunder. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

An Eleventh-Hour Appeal 


Brother Thomas is the elder of the Sandy Creek congregation, W. Va. 
The church supports a missionary in India. In the past four years 
the church has given an average of $794 per year for Missions and 
Church Service. — Ed. 

At the Annual Conference last year, it was decided 
to raise $275,000 for the general church program, dur- 
ing 1932-33. From the report given by the Treasurer 
in The Gospel Messenger, we learn that there is quite 
a large deficit at this time, and we have but a short time 
to reach the goal that has been set. 

To wipe out the deficit by the close of Feb. 28, will 
require some definite planning and sacrifice on the part 
•Of the membership, and it must be done immediately. 

Our General Mission Board is very much disturbed 
because of our present financial condition. Expenses 
have been cut in every legitimate way. Missionaries are 
being held from returning to their fields of labor, until 
they know what funds will be available at the closing of 
the year. 

The real problem is, what can be done in such a short 
time? Let every member of every church in the Broth- 
erhood, feel the individual responsibility to assist in 
paying the deficit. We know there are many, in this 
time of depression, who are unable to give anything in 
a financial way, and some who are able to give but little, 
while some would be able to give much. Every member 
should have a prayerful interest. 

Since Feb. 12 has been named as Achievement Day to 
make a final offering to clear away the deficit, let every 
member of every church in the Brotherhood, " Give as 
the Lord has prospered him," and even give sacrificially, 
whether it be little or much. Every one cooperating in 
this much needed work, will bring wonderful results 
in clearing the deficit, and wonderful blessings to the 

The pastors and elders of all the churches should be 
helpful factors in bringing about these results. 

Bruceton Mills, W. Va. 

"I Love Thy Church" 


Miss Rhodes is Director of Missions for Women's Work, is an ear- 
nest worker in her local church and has been consistently through the 
years a substantial supporter of Missions and Church Service. — Ed. 

We have all sung that fine old hymn : 

"I love thy kingdom Lord, 
The house of thine abode — 
The church our blest Redeemer saved 
With his own precious blood. 

"I love thy church, O God: 
Her walls before thee stand, 
Dear as the apple of thine eye, 
And graven on thy hand." 

We do have a profound love for the church ; it is the 
last thing we would want to have taken from us. It has 
had a glorious history from the time it was started by 
Christ, with the help of the twelve, down to the present 
time. As numbers increased more organization became 
necessary until now we have our church service and 
missions endeavoring to promote all phases of church 
work in the homeland and on the mission fields. 

It is a great work and it is worthy of our best effort 
both in prayer and finance. All can help in the former. 
Many who in the past gave large amounts for kingdom 
work are no longer able to do so, hence the need of all 
giving to keep the work going forward. It may mean 
considerable sacrifice for many, but we should keep in 
mind that Christ made the supreme sacrifice that we, 
through the church, might have life eternal. Feb. 12 
has been designated as the day on which we may 
achieve victory for the church we love by giving for its 
work at home and abroad. By thus giving we are giv- 
ing to Christ the chief Corner Stone. 

An incident is told of some of our India sisters who 
also love the Lord and his church, and who have learned 
the blessings of giving out of their extreme poverty. 
After working hard all day in the fields they bring in 
the grain for the evening meal which needs to be 
pounded and prepared. Near the fireplace is kept a lit- 
tle clay vessel and each day as the rice or grain is pre- 
pared a handful is taken, not from their abundance but 
from a very scanty supply, and put in this vessel and 
kept as a daily thank offering to the Lord. Once a 
week when the women gather for their meeting, the 
grain is brought and sold and the proceeds — but a few 
pennies in actual value but precious in the sight of the 
Lord — are used to support a Bible woman. As Achieve- 
ment day approaches shall we not keep in mind the sac- 
rificial giving of the native Christians on all of our mis- 
sion fields ? " Give, and it shall be given unto you ; 
good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running 
over, shall they give unto your bosom. For with what 
measure you mete it shall be measured to you again." 

Dallas Center, Iowa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

This Child 

What will the future 
bring for him? 

Happiness ? 
Cooperation ? 


A Needy World at the Gate of the Temple 

General Secretary Board of Christian Education 

The third chapter of Acts tells of Peter and John 
going to the temple at the hour of prayer. A man 
crippled from birth lay at the gate of this temple called 
beautiful. Seeing Peter and John about to enter he 
asked alms of them. " Silver and gold have I none," 
said Peter, " but such as I have give I thee. In the 
name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, rise up and walk." 
Peter might have named many more things that he did 
not have, but the thing that made the lame man stand 
on his feet and walk and leap and praise God was that 
the apostle gave such as he had. 

The lame man may well symbolize a needy world at 
the gate of the temple. No argument is needed to con- 
vince us that the world is needy. We are stunned to 
discover that the Sunday-schools of our country are 
only reaching approximately one-half of the children, 
one-third of the young people and one-tenth of the 
adults. We must realize, too, that from the standpoint 
of the quality of work, many churches have as yet 
scarcely begun their programs. 

Our economic collapse with thirteen million people 
out of work is a thing which is daily upon our hearts. 
We hear their cries and it is a cold-hearted person who 
will not share. But the ultimate cause of this economic 
chaos was the failure of leadership. More serious 
than our economic collapse is a threatened mor- 
al collapse caused by the lack of character. Hu- 
manity is ethically, morally and spiritually unpre- 
pared for this time of strain. People are having and 
will have more leisure. What will they do with it? 
What institution will set the patterns for their use of 
leisure ? Material values are passing. The depression 

Sorrow ? 
Selfishness ? 
Regret ? 

has taught some of us that spiritual values are all that 
really matter. Who will lead humanity to a discern- 
ment of true values ? 

The Bible is a neglected book. Conscience is becom- 
ing a convenience and righteousness respectability. The 
world is suffering from lack of confidence. People are 
losing their ideals. Losing the sense of sin. The voices 
of thou shalt and thou shalt not are becoming dim. 
God seems to many far away, even when he is near and 
yearns to take them into his fellowship. What is the 
answer to these needs of humanity? 

In crime, racketeering, swindling schemes, and di- 
vorce, America ranks somewhere near the top. Prohi- 
bition is in danger of being lost. There are fresh hos- 
tilities between Japan and China. Our world needs 
something and must have something if we are to avoid 

A needy world knocks at the gate of the temple. 
What answer the church gives now to humanity at the 
gate of the temple will largely determine the place and 
power of the church in the years that follow. What 
does the church have to give humanity? The church 
has God in whose fellowship we can live and by whose 
Spirit we can be guided. The church has Christ with 
his power to change life and give spiritual radiance and 
moral poise and an appreciation of abiding values. The 
church has the Holy Bible whose teachings point the 
way of life. The church has hope, faith, and love to 
give which will bring peace and confidence to our over- 
strained nerves. The church has a program of Chris- 
tian Education at home which aims to build Christlike 
character, train and inspire leadership. The church has 
a program of extension which carries the good news to 
other peoples. The church has a program for educat- 
ing and placing her ministry in order to more efficiently 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

This Man . . . 

What the years have 
brought for him: 


Service to his fellowmen. 

Rich family life. 

Children who are an asset to 

A knowledge of life well lived. 


build local churches. Christ is the answer to the needs 
of the world and the only answer. But Christ works 
through his church. It is the instrument for the accom- 
plishment of his purpose. Can we keep faith with 
Christ if we allow the work of his church to stop? This 
is a testing time of our faith. 

All of the agencies in the Conference Budget are im- 
portant. I believe in every one of them. The work of 
the Board of Christian Education is well known to you. 
Our main task is to help build the local church. We 
endeavor to build a program of Christian Education 
for children, young people and adults — through leader- 

ship training to train and inspire a more adequate lead- 
ership ; through peace and temperance education to cre- 
ate a more Christian social order ; through anti-tobacco, 
simple life and moral welfare education to bring about 
cleaner living ; and through music to develop an appre- 
ciation for sacred hymns which lift the soul to God. 

Feb. 12 is the date for the Achievement Offering for 
the Conference Budget. The Board of Christian Edu- 
cation is one of the service agencies which share in this 
budget. We have cut our expenditures 25% below last 
year. Further reductions will mean that some of the 

(Continued on Page 12) 


Church of the Brethren, Elgin, Illinois 



Through the Church School 







The Program of the Local Church 







THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


Good Music and Preaching 

Article Supplied by the Pastoral Association 

It has been well said that a singing church is a 
powerful church. Most of us feel that music is an im- 
portant factor in the church program. But there are 
those who may raise the question: What is the rela- 
tionship to preaching of good music in our churches? 
There is a vital relationship between the two, and no 
minister can afford to fail to recognize it. 

First of all, in regard to the choosing of the hymns, 
it is well for the minister to select the hymns. After 
developing his sermon he should select hymns that will 
be in accord with his line of thinking. It is so helpful 
for both the congregation and the preacher to sing a 
hymn before the sermon that will lead the mind right 
into the sermon. Likewise, after the sermon; what a 
splendid thing it is to clinch that message by giving ev- 
eryone an opportunity to sing that same message, or a 
response to that message, before leaving the house of 
God. These hymns should be selected just as carefully 
and as conscientiously as the material for the sermon. 
Where the chorister or choir director selects the hymns, 
he should know the line of thought for that particular 
service. Some rather humorous and even embarrassing 
situations have occurred where hymns were chosen 
without the thought of the sermon in mind. 

Not only does the hymn before and the one after the 
sermon help to prepare the mind and clinch the ser- 
mon in the mind, but the entire music program should 
be an aid to worship. The purpose of the prelude is 
not to get people quiet, nor to drown out the whispers 
over the audience. It is to help draw our minds toward 
God. Therefore, after the organ or piano prelude, the 
minister should never say : " Let us begin our wor- 
ship." The attitude of the preacher toward music has 
much to do with the results in the local church. Of 
course, the organist or pianist must select the proper 
kind of music if our minds are to be led into worship. 

Good music is an aid to preaching. It is a source of 
inspiration for the preacher. But in order to have good 
music, there must be leadership. The purpose of the 
church choir is not to entertain, nor to be put on dis- 
play; but rather to help the congregation to sing bet- 
ter, and to lead the people in worship. The choir oc- 
cupies the same position in the choir loft, in leading the 
congregation in song, as the minister does in the 
pulpit, in leading the congregation in prayer. The 
purpose of special music, whether it be a solo, 
duet, quartet, or the entire choir is not to en- 
tertain, but to present a message. They sing their 

message; the preacher speaks his message. Every 
minister delights in good congregational singing. Yet 
we fail to realize many times that this is possible only 
through the efforts of those who are leaders in music, 
with the cooperation of the pastor. Even though the 
preacher is not musically inclined himself, he should 
show a great deal of interest in the work of the church 
choir. The choir is sometimes spoken of as " the war 
department of the church." This term is unfortunate 
and misleading, but where this is true, might it be pos- 
sible that this condition sometimes exists because of 
the lack of interest and cooperation on the part of the 
pastor ? 

Since good music and preaching go hand in hand in 
building a worship service, it seems to me that there is 
a great need in preparing for the ministry that we learn 
something about church music and of its importance. 
We are very fortunate in having a church seminary 
where there is a strong department of church music, 
and where our ministers learn to know of the value of 
good music in connection with their preaching. There 
are some seminaries in America where no such training 
is given, and it is gratifying to know that other schools 
are now recognizing the splendid work done at Bethany 
Biblical Seminary. 

" Music hath power. Let the church awake and 
rightly use this power in her forward march to the day 
of his crowning." 

Meyersdale, Pa. 

Being Fair with Those Who 
Have Served the Church 

■ fj ^W^^ 4fct ^ e Conference Budget calls for 

Ml J^ $10,000 this year for the support of 

Ta I JBBl a aged ministers, their widows and 

fflKslfl ' : ''-''eJP disabled missionaries. Last year 

J fflfi J ttf $13,88/ was expended for these 

I flp B-^iH faithful servants of the church. The 

J £ H"^'**^*E» fund is overdrawn and more than 

Courtesy World Call seventy-five of these servants and 

their dependents are looking to the 

church for your gift of love. Others are worthy but can not 

receive help for want of money in the fund. Many are the 

appreciative words for what you have given before. 

From an Aged Minister and Wife 

We desire to express our appreciation of the help re- 
ceived through the wise administration of the ministe- 
rial relief fund as introduced by Bro. Gish some thirty 
years ago. This relief is appreciated by those who have 
freely given the best part of their lives to the church 
whether in the home fields or in the evangelistic fields. 
Many of these, like Paul, ministered with their own 
hands to their own necessities, their wives joining them 
in the struggle of rearing their families while their 
companions were out in the field of service for the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 



- fc-.O. OGRSi- 

Courtesy World Call 

Lord. The writer and his companion, having spent 
over forty-five of fifty-four years of the ministry free, 
are now in their eighty-third year. This relief and mis- 
sionary fund brings hope and cheer to our declining 
years. — L. T. Holsinger, Rossville, Ind. 

From the Widow of a Missionary 

Nearly four decades ago, when our church began 
her mission work in the far east, the missionaries asked 
for support only. Yet we learned the joy of giving all 
we had to the work. One of our favorite slogans was : 
Sacrifice measures joy. 

Often the thought would come when we stopped to 
think : " What will we do when we can not work any 

more?" We tried to dismiss such anxiety from our 
minds; to allow it to trouble us seemed like doubting 
our Lord, who had bid us go and who never fails. 

As the years have come and gone, great hearts of 
sympathy and understanding have seen the need of 
those who could spend neither time nor effort to pro- 
vide for the needs of more advanced years. What a 
comfort it is to feel that a gift is coming regularly. 
How one's heart swells with gratitude for the kind 
friends who remember to share as the Lord has pros- 
pered them. — Mrs. W. B. Stover, Kirkland, Wash. 

Aged, Blind and Appreciative 

It is now thirteen years since I saw the sunshine. 
Life has seemed dark indeed, but the Lord through 
some of the brethren has cared for his own. 

The Lord said long ago : " I will bless thee, be thou 
a blessing." Many brethren and sisters are and have 
been blessed with this world's goods, and they are pass- 
ing it on to bless others. We are among that number. 
Naturally we are very thankful for this aid, for without 
it we could not keep house. We so much enjoy our 
home which we feel God is providing for us. So again 
we say, " Thank you," and praise the Lord for his lov- 
ing kindness. — Dictated by A. M. Sharp, Fredericks- 
burg, Iowa. 

A Widowed Mother Speaks for Her Children 

I can never express to you in words the real joy, 
comfort and blessing this fund has brought to my fami- 
ly. I have three children in high school. I confess to 
you frankly that this fund is keeping them in school. 
Otherwise they would be forced to stop school and 
work. Although I work away from home this fund has 
made it possible for me to spend more time with my 
family and, naturally, give more time to the develop- 
ment Of their religioUS life. (Concluded on next page.) 


Long years on the India mission 
field, learning the joy of giving all they 
had to the work, suc h Was the spirit in 
which Brother and Sister Wilbur B. 
Stover served the church. Oct. 31, 
1930, Bro. Stover passed on. Sup- 
port which he could no longer supply 
then came from our ministerial and mis- 
sionary relief fund. It is thus that the 
church can keep faith with those who 
have served. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

This has all meant more to me than I can tell you. It 
has given me a new lease on life. I have greater faith 
in humanity. It has deepened my responsibility and 
loyalty to my church, and whatever my family may ever 
mean to the church and to the world, I shall ever have 
a deep sense of gratitude for what this fund has done 
for me. 

I am sure too, that the benefits from this fund can 
not be measured alone in the immediate families who 
receive it. Lives touch lives, you know, and God alone 
knows the extent of the blessings of this fund. 

So in deep appreciation, I pledge to more faithfully 
give of my best to my family and to the church that I 
might in some measure " pass on " the blessing that it 
has been to me, and in some humble way help to bring 
his kingdom into the hearts of men and women. — Mrs. 
Ira Lapp, La Verne, Calif. 

A Message to All Women of the Church 


First of all a word to the district and regional offi- 
cers. During these closing days of our church year 
may we bend every effort toward reaching our goal for 
the support of missions in China, India and Africa. 
You remember the basis of reckoning the apportion- 
ment for each district, as it was indicated in The Gos- 
pel Messenger and in a special message sent to each 
of you last October. 

Just now, however, the best goal for all of us is " to 
do everything possible." As leaders, have we left any- 
thing undone that should have been done in the way of 
giving assistance and offering encouragement? May 
these days be filled with anxiety on our part. Would it 
be possible for the district officers to spend a day in 
prayer? Pray not only for the mission cause and our 
project, but also for the entire program of the church 
and especially that the home base may become more and 
more consecrated in service and that it may develop a 
finer appreciation of truth and spiritual values. 

Certainly we can spend much time in prayer as indi- 
viduals, even though it may be impossible to meet in 
groups. The kind of prayer suggested by " James " 
made folk act. Perhaps if we pray enough those of us 
who have already given to the utmost can give a few 
dollars more. There must be two hundred and fifty or 
three hundred district, regional and national officers. 
Could we in our own right give five hundred dollars in 
the next few weeks? Let us see what the Lord can do 
through us. 

Though your district has already made good, con- 
tinue to encourage additional gifts. Right now the 
church needs our service as never before. This service 
will help to acquire the achievement offering and, of 

course, credit the local church toward the total Confer- 
ence budget. 

You will soon receive the district and local report 
blanks. Please be prompt in sending to the local groups 
and in returning the district reports after Feb. 28. You 
did well last year. We hope to have even better reports 
this year. 

Now to the local women. I wonder if each one of us 
realizes how much the church needs the consecrated 
service, zealous activity and earnest prayers of the 
women. Not alone are dollars for the support of the 
home church, district and national projects necessary, 
but even of greater importance than these is the depth 
of spiritual vision that comes through the united effort 
of many women in a common service and a common 
prayer life. 

As you receive your report blank from the district 
secretary, will you please be prompt in making up the 
report and in returning same March 1. These blanks 
are arranged so as to gather helpful information. They 
are not difficult to answer. Simply give such informa- 
tion as you can, but try hard to give all the information 

(Continued on Page 24) 

A Needy World at the Gate of the Temple 

(Continued From Page 9) 

most valuable parts of the Christian education program 
will have to be eliminated. And these further reduc- 
tions will have to be made unless the Achievement Of- 
fering is especially successful. 

We realize the suffering which is everywhere and 
that some do not have money to give. We can say 
nothing more than the words of the apostle, " Such as 
I have I give." Those who have no finances to help this 
Achievement Offering, don't forget us in your prayers. 
We need them. But the most of us have something to 
give. Even with our reduced incomes we must share 
what we have with the Lord that his work may go on. 
And his work comes first. A needy world knocks at 
the gate of the temple. What is our answer? 

On pages 8 and 9 are two pictures. The one pictures 
a boy with his father — the boy in all the promise of 
youth. This lad goes to Sunday-school. He is being 
reared in a Christian home. The second picture shows 
one in old age, after a life well spent in Christian serv- 
ice, sitting by the fireside, drinking life's blessings to 
the full out of the riches of his character. These pic- 
tures present what the Board of Christian Education is 
trying to do. If this cause is worthy, let us express it 
in the Achievement Offering that the work may go on. 

A people who can not save their own children can not 
hope to save the world. 

Elgin, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 



e Chis 'Department 
Conducted by 
H. Spenser Minnich 

Heart Throbs 

" Orlando, Jasper and Esther raised chickens last 
summer and they want $12 to go for missions. At 
their request I am sending the money while the boys 
are sawing wood and Esther is cleaning the house." 
Their father, Virginia. 

" Find enclosed $100 from the Sebring, Fla., Sisters' 
Aid. It has been earned mostly by quilting. It gives 
us joy to be able to give to our project." 

Considerable Converting Here 

A Dutch Christian in South Africa met a Turk who 
had married an Arab woman. Turk and Arab were 
Moslems. The Dutchman tried to convert them to 
Christianity but instead was himself converted to Islam, 
and went on his way. The Turk had confiscated his 
Dutch friend's Bible. Instead of burning it, however, 
he read it, and with so much profit that he was per- 
suaded of the truth of Christianity and he and his wife 
asked for baptism. After this they met with much 
persecution and finally went away to another city, but 
on their journey they stopped off to visit their Dutch 
Moslem convert, to see whether they might not recon- 
vert him to Christianity. They did. — A Bulletin of the 
National Council of the Episcopal Church. 

Breaking Caste Rule 

When Mahatma Gandhi began his recent fast to pro- 
test against the forming of separate electorates for the 
untouchables the Hindu students of Ewing Christian 
College, Allahabad, began a one-day fast in sympathy. 
They then broke caste by inviting the " untouchable " 
students to a feast and ate with them. This is a greater 
step than if Southern white students in America should 
invite colored students to dine with them in their homes. 

A report also comes from Bombay that untouchabili- 
ty in public places such as schools, courts, and offices, 
has been abolished in the State of Bhor. This was an- 
nounced in the speech opening the session of the State 
Legislative Council on Oct. 19. Bhor is a small State of 
130,000 inhabitants near Poona. — From Missionary Re- 
view of the World. 

A Seeker's Questions and the Answers 
He Received 

We publish this conversation between an Indian minister 
and a seeker with hesitancy because it shotvs up the less 
complimentary side of life in India. Conversations could 
well be written about gangsters, bootleggers or other sinners 
in America. There are many sad pictures in India as well 
as America. Our missionaries are toiling faithfully in India 
that the Christ may shine in all his beauty and the Indian 
people be lifted up to a redeemed life in Christ. — Ed. 

There are many seekers for the truth all through In- 
dia, and each of our mission stations as well as a goodly 
number of the outstations has constant callers who 
come to them for information and wanting to know the 
way to salvation. 

The following is a recent conversation that took place 
between one of the faithful workers and one such seek- 
er : 

Seeker. — Brother, my mind is not at all at peace. Do 
help me to solve some of my problems. 

Worker. — What is it ? What is your way of religion 
and how is it you are not at peace ? 

Seeker. — Well, here is one great problem to me. I 
notice that the people who kill and eat the cow are 
greatly blessed and God's hand is upon them, while on 
the contrary many who worship the cow and hold her 
sacred, who would not ever kill her, are as if cursed 
and without blessing. Can you explain this? Should 
we not worship the cow? Surely it is a praiseworthy 
thing to adore her, is it not ? 

Worker. — Why do you worship the cow? What is 
back of the Hindu religion that brought Hindus to wor- 
shiping the cow ? 

Seeker. — Sir, it is because the cow furnishes us with 
the ox by which we do our farming. In other words, 
by which we live. That is the real reason why we be- 
gan to worship her. 

Worker. — Very well. That is good as far as it goes, 
but let us look into a few things. You say that because 
she furnishes the ox by which you get your crops that 
this is the reason for worshiping the cow. In Europe 
and many other lands they use only the horse for farm- 
ing and they get much greater and better crops from 
the same amount of land than we do in India. They 
use the horse for the same work as we use the ox. They 
should worship the horse should they not? Further- 
more, in America they now use tractors for farming, 
and these cost huge sums of money. A tractor costs 
thousands of rupees. So by all means they should wor- 
ship the tractor, should they not? Do you think they 
worship their machines? I can tell you they do not. 

Seeker. — You are too sharp for me. You know ev- 
erything and can stall me the very first thing. But I see 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

the point all right, and am quite disgusted with this idea 
of cow worship. 

Worker. — Let me tell you what the civilized world 
thinks of us for carrying on for all these years some of 
the ideas we have. When they hear how we worship 
the cow, how we use 'the manure from the cow to 
cleanse our walls and floors, and worst of all, how we 
have an idea that if a low caste has occupied a certain 
place and we smear cow dung over that place it has be- 
come pure — do you know these civilized people think 
we are the lowest of low people, and they have a right 
to. This is not the worst, but look how we require a 
person who has broken his caste to drink the urine of 
the holy (?) cow ! Of all things this stuns the people 
of other lands. Some of our Hindu ways are really 
ridiculous, and we do them in the name of religion, 
which is worst of all ! 

Seeker. — Well, sir, that is enough. I never saw our 
narrowness like this in all my life. 

Worker. — Salvation can be had through none other 
than Christ who came into the world for every sinner, 
for every person. He gave his life for the world. He 
is the only sinless One. Believe on him and you shall 
be saved. . „, , 

The Human Need for a Master 


One of the most difficult tasks of the missionary is 
to prevent those whom he is trying to help from mak- 
ing him their God. In spite of how pure the motives of 
the missionary may be, and how much he would like to 
have it otherwise, now and then an African will make 
the white man his Master. 

A certain missionary had a native Christian assist 
him in village preaching. He was quite faithful and 
dependable until the missionary went home on fur- 
lough. Then he would sit in his compound on Sunday 
morning instead of going to the village tree to hold his 
regular service. 

Another missionary had two good boys working for 
him. After he died they immediately wanted to become 
Christians, for their master was gone and they felt the 
need of another. So they turned to Christ as their Mas- 

I hired a partially trained carpenter to help me in 
building. He worked for me two years. When the 
buildings were done I told him so and that he should go 
home and farm. I told him that money was scarce and 
that there would be no more work for him. He came 
back day after day pleading: " You are my master and 
I am your servant, you are my father and I am your 
son. I want to work for you as long as I live." Many 
Africans want to become attached to a white man. Be- 
cause of the white man's ability to do and have many 

things that are new to him, he feels a sense of security 
above that of his fellows. 

This tendency to make something less than God one's 
master is just as prevalent among civilized people as 
among the pagans. Instead of making an individual his 
master, the civilized man often makes the goodwill of 
his fellows, public opinion or social approval his mas- 
ter. How often have we known of men who as long as 
they lived in the group where they were well known 
lived clean, straight, upright and moral lives. But as 
soon as they moved to where they were total strangers 
they fell morally. The moral standard of the communi- 
ty instead of God was their master. 

A good test as to whether a man is a leader or a fol- 
lower in moral and spiritual convictions is how well he 
can stand up when isolated. If Jesus Christ is his Mas- 
ter he will stand, if not he will fall. 

So we should not criticise the struggling pagan too 
severely when he sets up for his master that from 
which he derives what he thinks the most benefits. As 
yet his religious experience does not aid him in com- 
prehending the highest good, as we know it. 

On Furlough, Stanley, Va. 

News From the Field 


Naomi Z. Rupel 
Hospital to Be Built at Leper Colony 

Although funds for our regular mission work are greatly 
reduced, we are happy to be able to say that we shall soon 
have a hospital at the Garkida Leper Colony. The govern- 
ment is very much interested in the care of lepers and has 
given us every encouragement. Just now the government 
has assured us enough money for the building of the hos- 
pital to warrant going ahead with this project. Plans for 
this building are well under way and the work will begin 
Lepers Take Their Stand for Christ 

Our colony of lepers is constantly growing and is now ap- 
proaching the four hundred mark in numbers. The inmates 
receive school and church advantages along with their medi- 
cal care. These efforts are constantly bearing fruit. Just 
recently five more have asked to take their initial stand for 
Monkeys Cut School Attendance 

Our enrollment in school during the past few weeks has 
shown some irregularities, especially among the smaller 
boys. This is the time for the guinea corn harvest and the 
monkeys of this country like to help harvest the grain. As 
a result many children are out in the fields to watch the 
monkeys from the crop until it can be gathered by its right- 
ful owners. 
Native Christians Institute a Church Service 

The missionaries of our station reserve one night each 
week for a prayer service in our own language. We were 
made very happy recently when the native Christians of 
their own accord decided to hold a church service of their 
own on the same evening. The native church shows 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


very definite signs of beginning to stand on its own feet and 
carry on the work. Now they have two regular church 
services weekly. On other nights of the week night classes 
are in progress. 
Beahms and Heckmans to Return 

Because we realize that the financial conditions at home 
are much more severe than normally, we are especially 
grateful for the return to the field of the Beahms and Heck- 
mans. Both of these families are very badly needed at their 
stations and we anticipate their return with a great deal of 

When it was feared that only one family could return this 
year for lack of funds, one little native boy remarked to 
the writer : " We want them to come back. If the church in 
America can't send them, we'll make up enough money here 
to bring them." 

How many days of work on a five-cent-a-day wage scale 
would be needed? 


General Notes 

Sadie J. Miller 
Conventions and Contests 

The last week in October quite a few of our people at- 
tended the yearly convention of the W. C. T. U. of this Di- 
vision. It was held at one of the Methodist stations and 
next year will be at one of our stations, Anklesvar. There 
are nine divisions of the W. C. T. U. in India, ours being 
known as the Gujerat Division. Also on Nov. 26, at Ankles- 
var, we attended the yearly Story-telling and Essay Contest 

Bro. D. J. Lichty talks it over with some holy men of 

which usually affords considerable interest for students of 
various mission schools. Our aim is to get other schools, as 
well as mission, to take part in these contests and conven- 
tions, for India is very much interested in the cause of 
temperance. One small girl of the Junior Division was out- 
standing in her story telling and, of course, she won first 
prize. She comes from the Methodist mission at Godhra. In 
the Teachers' Division of the essays one of our men won 
first prize. His essay was read at the contest, as were the 
others who came first. As yet we have no gold medal con- 
test but are looking forward to introducing it as soon as 

Joy Over Missionaries' Return to the Field 

A wire has been received from the Drs. Cottrell, from 
Colombo, Ceylon, so that we know they are not far from us 
any more. We look forward to their coming with the great- 
est of pleasure. When doctors must leave the field all are 
loath to see them go, but utmost joy rises upon their re- 
turn. Drs. Cottrell have filled an exceptionally large place 
in the hearts of hosts of India's people, so there is a very 
warm welcome awaiting them. Non-Christians from many 
places outside Bulsar have been inquiring for months, about 
their return. Today they are expected to land in Bombay. 
This is also the date of the B. M. Mows to reach Bombay. Co- 
incidental and interesting it is that one party from the east 
side, the other from the west, coming from such distances, 
should land on the same day. 

Native Christians Active 

Two Institutes have just closed, one at Vyara the other at 
Bulsar. The Rev. A. Garrison was the chief speaker at 
these meetings. Workers from this station mostly attended 
at the Bulsar Institute, it being the nearest. The Librarian, 
John Abbas of Navsari, with his family, attended the Vyara 
Institute, wherein he was one of the instructors. Lellu Derji 
(Tailor), one of the most recently baptized Christians in 
Navsari, accompanied Abbas and family to Vyara. * Hindus 
have given him some threats and persecution but he is fear- 
less and full of faith, so we prophesy that he will win 
others — especially of his own people from the tailor caste, 
to the church of Christ. Being the best tailor in Navsari 
gives him considerable prestige. 

A Christian from Bombay is employed in a foundry in 
Navsari, and being a staunch Christian, is able to bear 
splendid testimony in that city. Another Christian is a 
school teacher in the city, so that there are some real lights 
in that place. The Librarian daily meets people and preach- 
es to them. He is the one who won the tailor for Christ. 
Last year when lantern pictures were shown in the town 
hall there was most splendid attention. Never before had 
they been so impressed with the life of Christ, especially 
when the pictures of his death, the resurrection and the 
hosts of angels appeared. The hall was filled with the 
sacred quietness that made a deep impression. The mes- 
sage of the Christ has the best reception ever, these days. 
This is cause for much praise and thanksgiving. 

This is the touring season and a goodly number of groups 
are out doing intensive evangelistic work at this time. In 
October we had seventeen baptisms at Jalalapor; at Vyara 
there were baptisms last week. We plan a tour of various 
villages where there are candidates for baptism and will 
give the rite in their own villages. Some of the girls from 
our boarding at Jalalapor have done personal work and 
now the parents of several of the girls are among those to 
become Christians. The endless means of winning souls is 
most gratifying. May many rise to proclaim his name! 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


Calendar for Sunday, January 22 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Forgiving Sin. — Mark 2 : 1- 
Christian Workers' Meeting, The Joy of Faithful Service. 
B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

Young People — The Pacifist — In War Time and in Peace 

Intermediate Girls — Jesus' Friendship Helps Me. 
Intermediate Boys — What Would You Do? 
* * & * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Seven baptisms in the Hartville church, Ohio. 

Three received on former baptism and two baptized in the 
Morrellville church, Pa. 

Twenty-two baptisms in the Coventry church, Pa., Bro. I. 
S. Long of Bridgewater, Va., evangelist. 

Five additions to the Lancaster church, Pa., Bro. R. P. 
Bucher of Quarryville, Pa., evangelist. 

Twelve baptisms in the New Fairview church, Pa., Bro. I. 
N. H. Beahm of Nokesville, Va., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Grand Rapids church, Mich., Bro. 
Edson Ulery of Onekama, Mich., evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the Harris Creek church, Ohio, Bro. R. 
H. Nicodemus of Huntington, Ind., evangelist. 

Twenty baptized in the Pleasant Hill congregation, Pa., 
Bro. Tobias Henry of Roxbury church, evangelist. 

Sixteen baptized and two reclaimed in the Garden City 
church, Kans., Bro. W. T. Luckett of Hutchinson, Kans., 

Fifteen baptized and one received on former baptism in 
the Chambersburg church, Pa., Bro. C. E. Grapes, pastor- 

Four baptisms in the Rockhill church, Aughwick congre- 
gation, Pa., Bro. H. W. Hanawalt, pastor-evangelist ; two 
baptisms before the meeting. 

Twenty-two baptized Jan. 1 and four a week later, two re- 
claimed in the Hanoverdale church, Big Swatara congrega- 
tion, Pa., Bro. R. P. Bucher of Quarryville, evangelist. 
♦> ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you pray 
for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. B. M. Rollins of Keyser, W. Va., Feb. 5 in Jackson 
Park Memorial church, Blountville, Tenn. 

Brother and Sister Oliver H. Austin of McPherson, Kans., 
Jan. 22 in the Denton church, Md. 
^ •*$•■ ^ ■»$♦ 

Personal Mention 

Bro. R. H. Nicodemus will give the year 1933 to revival 
work and is ready to book further engagements. Address 
him at R. 6, Huntington, Ind. 

Eld. Jesse C. Stoner of Palestine, 111., came to the end of 
his more than 88 years Dec. 27, last, though we learned of 
it only a few days ago. Bro. Stoner was a recognized lead- 
er in Southern Illinois and widely known throughout the 
brotherhood by reason of his regular attendance at Annual 
Conferences. More extended reference to his long life of 
faithful service will appear next week. 

Bro. Ralph R. Hatton, 1115 Woodville St., Toledo, Ohio, 
due to a change in some of his dates, has time for an evan- 
gelistic meeting in October or November, 1933. 

Pastor O. A. Myer of Weiser, Idaho, will have your sym- 
pathy with ours in the unexpected passing of his wife, from 
heart failure following an attack of diphtheria. To Church 
Clerk Amos A. Rodabaugh we are indebted for this sad in- 

Bro. E. S. Miller of Lineboro, Md., is reported as in a di- 
rect line of five generations of ministers but we have not 
the complete data at hand. This matter has set some of 
our preachers and their cousins to looking up preacher 
genealogies. Sister M. A. Whisler of Cazenovia, 111., writes 
us of six, perhaps seven, generations of preachers in her 
family kinship, though they are not all in a direct father 
and son succession. 

Pastor Levi K. Ziegler, Waynesboro, Pa., writes us under 
date of Jan. 13 : " We have been engaged this week in a 
ministry of home visitation in anticipation of, and as a pre- 
lude to a week of meetings in our church next week with 
Bro. I. S. Long doing the preaching. We had forty of our 
folks out for four nights and visited in the homes of our 
members and others who are friendly toward the church. 
It was a glorious experience for all." 

Bro. Samuel Bock, now living in the home of his son Al- 
va at 1102 W. 18th Ave., Spokane, Wash., was 93 Sunday, 
Jan. 8. He is in fair health, at times quite active. He at- 
tended church on New Year's day and possibly also on his 
birthday, though we are not informed as to this. We know 
you will wish to extend through the Messenger your hearty 
congratulations and good wishes to the still surviving secre- 
tary of our original Book and Tract Committee. 

4$F 4» H$t <$► 

Miscellaneous Items 

A considerable volume of news from churches was 
crowded out of this issue by the last minute press of other 
matter. We are planning heroic measures to catch up in 
next week's paper, but it too is a special issue — the Annual 
India Number. So we are not sure just how much progress 
can be made. 

" Greetings and congratulations on the excellency of the 
G. M. This week is exceptionally fine, if one may make any 
distinction. I am sure that people like human interest 
stories, so telling what they are doing in Michigan, can not 
help but be an inspiration and suggestion to look for oppor- 
tunities for service." 

Elizabethtown College Bible Institute program may be 
found on page 26 . Details of the Women's Work program for 
Thursday afternoon, Jan. 26, came in too late for insertion at 
the regular place. We note that the women's program stresses 
the opportunity of women in regional work. Amongst other 
things there will be reports of developments in the various 
districts of the region. 

Ministers' Conference at Bethany Biblical Seminary: Re- 
sponses from a number of ministers indicate strong appre- 
ciation of the Annual Conference for ministers held at our 
Seminary. However, many feel that on account of the pres- 
ent financial situation the conference ought to be omitted 
for this year. Therefore, those responsible for the planning 
of the program have decided that it would be unwise to an- 
nounce a program unless there is a stronger demand ex- 
pressed and a larger attendance promised. — M. R. Zigler, 
Ministerial and Home Mission Secretary. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


New readers of this week's Messenger should number sev- 
eral thousand, as we understand a good many copies are go- 
ing out for general distribution. Such new readers are wel- 
comed to the fellowship of the Messenger family. The Gos- 
pel Messenger is the official paper of the Church of the 
Brethren. It seeks to serve our whole church constituency, 
bringing each week thirty-two pages of news, information 
and inspiration. This year the Messenger begins volume 82, 
but in spite of its years it seeks to keep abreast of the 
thought and life of the church. It is not sensational, but it 
is tremendously concerned about attaining the best things 
in life and helping its readers share richly in the same. 
Perhaps after you look over this issue, and note also what 
is said on pages 31 and 32, you will decide to become a regu- 
lar member of the Messenger family. We are hoping for 
such a happy outcome of this chance meeting with new 
readers. * * * * 

Our Bookshelf 

Book reviews for this column are prepared by J. E. Miller, Literary 
Editor for the Brethren Publishing House. Any book reviewed in 
these columns, and any others you wish to order, may be purchased 
through the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. — Ed. 

Mating Ministers and Churches, by John R. Scotford. Na- 
tional Publishing Company. $1.50. 196 pages. 

This morning I read " Mating Ministers and Churches " 
and found in it some mighty fine suggestions. I will allow 
the author's own words to give you a glimpse of what he 

Ministers are different : 

" The common suspicion that there is something wrong 
with the man who desires to preach has good grounds. No 
perfectly normal young animal who fits into his environ- 
ment will make much of a preacher. It is the eccentric, the 
unusual man who feels himself called of God. This is en- 
tirely proper and right. When a young man feels a con- 
flict between himself and his surroundings he reaches out 
towards a higher power and discovers God." 

His people can help the minister : 

" If a minister adopts a receptive attitude he can glean 
many helpful suggestions from his people. In every con- 
gregation there are men and women who have accurately 
measured the man who stands before them, and who desire 
his good." 

The erratic minister: 

" It is said of one pastor, ' Every time the board meets he 
has a new blueprint ready for reorganizing the work of the 
church.' The people soon lose confidence in an erratic 

The minister who loafs : 

" A minister may loaf through a week and yet preach a 
good sermon on Sunday. He can lay [sic] down on his calling 
for a month and meet with no disaster. He can quit study- 
ing and run on his momentum for a year or two. But ulti- 
mately his sins will find him out." 

Failing to arrive : 

" Many a pastor has never reached the church to which 
he was called. He has stood in the pulpit and gone in and 
out of the parlors of the people without ever arriving at the 
place where they really lived." 

His best friend and critic: 

" The minister's wife should be his best friend — and most 
severe critic. Nothing is more disastrous to a preacher than 
to have a wife who dotes upon him. Many a man has been 
ruined by a helpmate who always praised him and habitual- 

ly told him he was right and other people were wrong." 
John Wesley once said, "After the congregation has given 
the preacher a lot of applesauce, his wife should tell him the 

Hard to please all : 

" The sweet-spirited brother whom everybody loves is 
rarely a vigorous executive. The soul-stirring orator is 
usually a man of variable moods. The effective leader is 
likely to walk rough-shod over those who chance to get in 
his way. The man who pleases the young people frequently 
shocks their elders. . . . Any man who may be called 
will represent a compromise between what is desired and 
what may be had." 

Seeing himself : 

" A full length mirror in front of the pulpit plus a phono- 
graph record of the prayer would reduce most pulpiteers to 
utter humility. Yet faults can be overcome with surprising 

A continual struggle : 

" The life of the minister is a continual struggle. On the 
one hand he is trying to master himself, while on the other 
he seeks to adjust himself to the needs of those whom he 
would serve. His success depends upon the persistence with 
which he meets these difficulties." 

The first half of the book contains many such nuggets. 
The rest of the book presents the methods in the several 
denominations through which pastor and congregation 


The Temptations of Jesus 

Matthew 4: 1-11; Mark 1: 12, 13; Luke 4: 1-13 

For Week Beginning January 29 
The Spirit Driveth Him Forth, Mark 1: 12 

Are you acquainted with the commands of the Spirit 
which are so irresistible as to be spoken of as here (John 
16: 13; Acts 10: 19, 20; 13: 2; 16: 6; Rev. 8: 14)? 
Into the Wilderness, Mark 1: 13 

Here is the secret of Jesus' power over men, he was often 
alone in the wilderness (Gen. 32: 24; Psa. 55: 7; Jer. 9:2; 
Luke 5: 16). 
The Misuse of Power 

The possessor of great power is tempted to misuse it, for 
material riches, for show and for personal power and glory 
(1 Kings 11: 1, 2; John 19: 11-13). 
Man Lives by the Truth of God, Matt. 4: 4 

The world is now paying the price of forgetting this sim- 
ple but fundamental truth (Deut. 8: 3; Job 23: 12; Psa. 119: 
103; Jer. 15: 16; 1 Peter 2: 2). 
Thou Shalt Not Tempt the Lord Thy God, Luke 4: 12 

We trust God when we rely upon him in doing our duty. 
We tempt him when we count upon his aid for some selfish 
aim of our own (John 14: 30; Prov. 27: 1; Amos 6:3; Luke 
12: 19; Jas. 4: 13). 
Thou Shalt Worship the Lord Thy God, Matt. 4: 10 

Idolatry has not passed away. It has just assumed new 
and more deceptive forms (John 4: 24; 1 Chron. 16: 29; Psa. 
95: 6). 


In what respect were the temptations of Jesus like our 
own? R. H. M. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 




There is more to a life than merely the living; 

The end of a journey counts more than the start; 
There is less to be had from getting than giving, 

And more to a master than lessons in art. 

There's more to a game than merely the playing, 
There's less in the winning than effort involved; 

The making of debts is less hard than the paying ; 
There's more to a question than "Be it resolved. 

There is more in belief than merely believing 
For faith fosters action and action bears fruit; 

There's more in a lie than the act of deceiving — 
The same seed that sprouted grows also a root. 

The difference is slight at the point of dividing 
Between good and evil, but what of the goal? 

Look well to the end of the road when deciding 
The eternal trend of the quest of the soul. 

La Verne, Calif. 

Lest We Forget 


James McCroy had just returned from the football 
game. His daughter, Marietta, met him in the hall and 
took his hat, coat and gloves and turned to hang them 
up. " What now, daughter? I don't like that frown on 
your face. Not sick are you?" 

" Oh, no, not sick, but just lonesome, that's all. Don't 
know what to do with myself. Wish I could go to the 
matinee this afternoon, but I have spent all my allow- 
ance on that new pair of satin slippers, and they pinch 
like fury. Wish I hadn't bought them." 

" Well, well, come on in and sit down a minute. How 
much is that matinee ?" 

" It's only a dollar, and they say it is a mighty good 
one, too." 

" Well, here is a dollar. Can't quite afford so many 
extras, but that's what I said when I bought the ticket 
to the game. But say, I feel like a new man since I 
ran away from the office this afternoon. You know 
business is getting heavier now. I guess our increase in 
profits will stand a few extras. Run along now, and 
enjoy that show as much as I did the game. Here is a 
little extra change. You may want refreshments after 
the show. Might try that new frosty fruit juice at The 
Lark Parlor." 

" Oh, thank you, daddy ! You are always so indulg- 
ing. Aren't you afraid you will spoil me? Now you 
sit here in this big easy chair and I will bring your 
house slippers, and then you just relax and rest. You 
need it, you dear daddy." 

James McCroy, the town's most successful business 
man and the most influential church man, now left 
alone, lay back in the big easy chair enjoying the luxury 
of his big living room. " My, what a work of art !" he 
said to himself as he studied the arrangement, the tex- 
tures and the harmony of the draperies, the lamp 
shades, tapestries, rugs and pictures. " Marietta has the 
making of a real artist. I am sure this has been planned 
by her. Wife never has much time for such. She has 
too many social engagements. It's a shame I haven't 
given more time and thought and money for the train- 
ing of that girl in some good art college. Just believe 
I'll put aside a thous — and dol — lar — s " ; and he was off 
in dreamland. 

As he lay dreaming a voice spoke to him. " James 
McCroy, can you give any more to our missionary of- 
fering tomorrow? This is our last appeal. Sorry we 
have to call on you again, but we have reached only one- 
fifth of our quota for this church. If other churches 
have done no better than ours, the Mission Board must 
call home most of our missionaries. They must even 
borrow money to pay for their .transportation home. 
And if you can spare a little extra change drop it into 
the little blue box as you go out of the church door. 
That fund is for the poor families of the church." 

McCroy squirmed in his chair and made reply to this 
unseen person, " No, no, I have given all I can. Seems 
. there is just one call after another. I can't spare an- 
other cent." 

Then the voice made reply, " One year ago today 
your daughter lay sick. You thought you must surely 
give her up. On whom did you call? Do you remem- 

" Ah, yes, I remember that hour. I called on God, 
and he heard my plea, and gave her back to me." 

Then came the voice, " Five years ago today you lay 
sick. The doctors said you could live only a few days. 
On whom did you call? What did you pledge?" 

" I called upon our merciful Heavenly Father, and I 
promised him that I would serve him every day of my 
life if he would only spare me longer." 

Again the voice spoke. " Fifteen years ago you were 
steeped in sin. You were in sore trouble. On whom 
did you call ? How did you escape from your bondage 
of sin?" 

" How did I escape? I called on the God who never 
fails. He rescued me. He saved me through the blood 
of his only Son." 

More slowly, more softly came the voice, " James 
McCroy, are you willing to make a new pledge to the 
Lord? Will you promise him not to call on him any 
more until he has called on you ?" 

" No, no, I might need him very much !" came the 
quick reply, and he awoke with a start. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


The next day when the offering plate was carried to 
the altar it bore a check equal to five times the amount 
of a previous check signed by James McCroy. The 
pastor asked him to dismiss with prayer, but instead he 
arose from his pew and told his dream. His face shone 
with a new joy as he continued, " Christians, young and 
old, rich and poor, have any of you forgotten that you 
have been redeemed by a God who bought you with a 
price, a costly price, his only Son ? Have you, too, for- 
gotten that this God sustains you daily, hourly, and on 
him you have called many times ? Has he ever denied 
you any good thing you needed? What if he should 
suddenly turn a deaf ear to all your calls? Shall we 
turn a deaf ear when he calls on us to care for his king- 
dom here on earth ?" He sat down and there was only 
dead silence to give answer to his searching questions. 
Quietly the good pastor arose, poured out the scant of- 
fering and without a word handed the offering plates to 
the ushers. Not a word was spoken, all was quiet save 
the jingling of silver and the rustle of written pledges. 
The next week a check for the full quota of the Temple 
church, with a little extra, reached the Mission Board 

Huntington, W. Va. 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime 


Chapter 4 

The next morning Hagar had barely reached the old 
big roomy kitchen until the sound of footsteps tripping 
■down the back stairs sent her scurrying to the door. 

" Lauk-a-mercy on us, Marse Bruce, is yo' havin' yo' 
second childhood comin' down the steps lak dat?" 

"Hello, Aunt Hagar. S'prised?" cried Marilyn 
grasping that astonished lady about the waist and 
swinging her slowly around. 

" Miss Ma'ylin," gasped Hagar, her eyes widening in 
an amazing fashion. " De day ob miracles is not pas'. 
No indeedy ! What f o' did yo' all come home seein' yo' 
mothah is gone? Is dey a crowd ob young'uns fo' 
breakfus ? Or wuss yet, is you dispelled from de 'stu- 

" No, no, Hagar, none of those dreadful things !" 
laughed Marilyn, shaking her head. " I just came home 
to get married." 

" To git married !" repeated Hagar in dismay. " Aw 
g'wan chile, yo' sho' is jokin' now." She threw back 
her head and laughed heartily. " Dat's one thing about 
these mode'n youngstahs, yo' nevah knows when dey is 
tellin' de truf or jes' fooling!" 

" No, Hagar, it's the gospel truth," declared Marilyn, 
soberly. " I've come down, now to tell you to set the ta- 
ble for four, Jack and me — father and Dr. Gordon. The 

wedding will be at eight-forty-five and the breakfast 
immediately afterward. Then we're going away." 

Hagar stood with arms akimbo, and stared at Mari- 
lyn. " Lauk-a-mercy, chile ! What gwine happen to dis 
fambly I'd lak to know ? Young Marse Tom takin' his- 
self a wife; de missus sailin' off to Europe when she's 
nevah been away in huh life, now yo' come gallivantin' 
'long talkin' 'bout a wedding." The old lady paused to 
note the effect of her words. 

But Marilyn only laughed and tripped out of the 
room. " It does sound reckless," she agreed, " but 
here's father, ask him, if you don't believe I'm serious." 

Aunt Hagar groaned and turned troubled eyes to- 
ward her master. " Marse Bruce, that chile kain't git 
married nohow. She don't even have a feathah bed." 

" A what ?" demanded Mr. Weston thinking he had 
not heard aright. 

" A feather bed !" repeated Hagar, a determined note 
in her voice. " Why, Marse Bruce, when Miss Jinny 
left old Viginny, she had foah feathah beds and a stack 
o' quilts, comfo'tohs and linens fit foh a king. And 
heah Miss Mahylin gwine go widout. It's a disgrace to 
de fambly to send de chile to huh husban's folks widout 
a chest ob linens. Where is de fambly honah, suh?" 
Hagar finished with feeling. 

" I had no idea these things were so important, Hag- 
ar. I'll speak to my daughter at once," he promised, 
hoping to appease the wrath of the kindly old servant. 
" But now you prepare your very best breakfast and if 
anything is lacking to make things complete, give a 
ring. Everything must be exactly right on Marilyn's 
wedding day. Since her mother isn't here, the responsi- 
bility of sending her off is yours and mine." 

Thus appealed to, Hagar softened at once. Two big 
tears rolled down her plump cheeks. " Nevah yo' 
mind, Marse Bruce, dis chile will do huh paht as 'zactly 
as she kin, but I do wish Miss Jinny was heah." She 
paused and lowered her voice. " It just skeers me plum 
sick when I think ob huh crossin' de briny deep. What 
if she'd see de kaisah ovah dar and all dem Ge'man 
he'mets. Why, Marse Bruce, one ob dem might blow 
up an' — " 

But Hagar's fears were cut short with a laughing re- 
buke. " There, there, nothing of the kind will happen. 
Just twelve weeks from today your mistress will be 
back again and it will be a glad day for everybody." 

But Hagar refused to be cast aside. " Well, it's all 
de same. I knows Miss Jinny wouldn't want her daugh- 
ter to marry widout a feathah bed." 

On the way back to his room Mr. Weston passed 
Marilyn on the stairs. He glanced at his watch. 
" Daughter, come in a moment. I want to talk with 
you, that is, if you have time." 

" Certainly," consented the girl. She held out her 

(Continued on Page 22) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


The mercury shows cumulative receipts by months. 

Last Year 

Amount Raised Last 
Year Ending Feb. 29, '32. 

Feb. 84.8% $233,380- 

Jan. 62.8% $172,875— 
Dec. 54.9% $150,981— 

Nov. 45.4% $125,092— 
Oct. 41.r% $115,240 

Sept. 36.2% $ 99,660 

Aug. 32.8% $ 90,357— 
July 30. % $ 84,421— 
June 27.2% $ 74,946 

May 7. % $ 19,404- 

Apr. 4.5% $ 12,526- 
Mar. 2.6% $ 7,297- 

This Year 

Let us Exceed Last 
Year's Attainment of 
$233,380 and try to 
Reach the Goal of $275,- 
000 by Feb. 28, '33. 

— The Need, 

-Dec. 45.3% $124,690 
-Nov. 40.4% $111,320 

36.9% $101,510 
Sept. 33.5% $92,359 
Aug. 31.2% $85,815 
July 28.9% $79,455 
June 25.6% $70,515 

May 9. % $24,799 

-Apr. 5.4% $14,888 
Mar. 3.2% $ 9,048 


The church through Annual Conference has 
launched Brotherhood-wide work. Church Boards 
have been elected to give direction to this program. 
An estimate of funds needed to accomplish the plans 
of the church is approved by Conference. This ther- 
mometer gives a picture of the funds received month 
by month. 




" He is no fool who parts with what he can not keep 
to get what he shall not lose." 

The kingdom of God is far more than money, but 
money is needed to carry on the work of the church. 

The Annual Conference each year approves a Mis- 
sion and Church Service program for brotherhood 
work. The budget this year calls for funds as follows : 


Year Ending Feb. 28, 1933 

General Mission Board 

Missions $189,500 

Administration 18,000 $207,500 

Bd. of Christian Education 18,000 

General Ministerial Board 5,500 

General Education Board 1,500 

Bethany Biblical Seminary 25,000 

Missionary and Ministerial Relief 10,000 

Council of Boards 7,000 

American Bible Society 500 

The receipt of funds to apply on the budget for the 
ten months, March 1 to Dec. 31, 1932, falls markedly 
short. Compared with last year the figures show : 

December Mar. 1 to Dec. 31 

1931 $25,885 $150,981 

1932 13,520 124,690 

Decrease $12,365 $26,291 

The Boards are making every adjustment possible to 
economize so the work may be kept from collapsing. 
They are going forward on the funds available. The 
money used in India has been cut almost to half of last 
year. Other fields are reduced. Office salaries and ex- 
penses have been reduced repeatedly. It appears the 
process of squeezing can not go much further until 
some other provision must be made. The General Mis- 
sion Board deficit stood at $63,304.38 on Dec. 31, 1932. 

In order that Messenger readers may know the use 
made of Mission and Church Service funds we publish 
the figures and drawings on the next page. 

The first diagram shows that the General Mis- 
sion Board received 73.34% of the funds contributed 
during last year for the Conference Budget. The dia- 
gram and figures following show that the General Mis- 
sion Board spent $253,414.35. The Board had carried 
over a balance of funds from the previous year, and to- 
gether with income from other sources was able to ex- 
pend the amount indicated with a deficit of only ap- 
proximately $3,000 as of March 1, 1932. As the broth- 
erhood is interested in knowing how mission funds are 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


spent the second graph shows the amount for each field. 
The Board feels justly glad that the amount given for 
administration and missionary education is kept so 
small that a large portion more than 90% is used di- 
rectly in mission work on the field. 

How the Conference Budget Money Was Used 

1. General Mission Board 73.34% 

2. Ministerial and Mission Relief 2.9 % 

3. Board of Rel. Education 6.23% 

4. General Ministerial Board 2.34% 

5. General Education Board 1.38% 

6. American Bible Society 14% 

7. Bethany Biblical Seminary 10.14% 

8. General Headquarters Ex 3.53% 

Last Year 









100.00% $233,379.89 

How the Mission Dollar Was Spent 

1. India Mission 43.45% $110,109.66 

2. China Mission 14.09% 35,700.58 

3. Scandinavia 3.49% 8,851.36 

4. Africa Mission 16.00% 40,535.63 

5. Home Missions 15:71% 39,806.48 

6. Administration 4.09% 10,361.30 

7. Missionary Education & Promotion 3.17% 8,049.34 

100.00% $253,414.35 

The Monthly Financial Statement, which is an essen- 
tial part of the financial exhibit, had to be placed on 
page 24. 

Suggestions for the Achievement 

The urgency of Missions and Church Serv- 
ice and the inability of old time givers to write 
checks as large as formerly make it necessary 
to enlist a wider response than ever before. 
May not this be God's open door for a quick- 
ened spiritual life to an increasing number of 
members ? We have tried to arrange plans that 
will work and list suggestions as follows : 


1. Do your best to enlist every member. 

2. Select your most capable members (in teams of 
two if you desire) to call personally on every 

3. List your entire membership on the solicitors' 
sheets. Arrange lists advantageously for solic- 

4. Solicitors should see every member and deliver 
the statement, " Take Your Religion Seriously." 
Do this to make sure that members know and 
will give their prayerful interest even if they 
cannot give money. 

5. Plan a day or definite period, begin February 5, 
for the completion of the visitation. Have solic- 
itors bring in the money. If members do not 
have money at hand, get them to indicate what 
they will bring to the Achievement Offering for 
this purpose. 

6. February 12 ACHIEVEMENT SUNDAY. Com- 
plete your ingathering by this date. Send the 
money to General Mission Board, 22 South State 
Street, Elgin, Illinois, so that it arrives by Feb- 
ruary 28 or earlier. 

7. Plan a service of consecration and rejoicing on 
your Achievement Day. Encourage a spirit of 
joy in the giving. Being partners with God in 
Kingdom building is a privilege. 

8. Write to non-resident members inviting their re- 

9. The January 21 Gospel Messenger is a spe- 
cial Achievement Issue. It will be sent free to 
names and addresses submitted to us, or will be 
sent in bulk to you. 


Church of the Brethren 
Elgin, 111. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime 

(Continued From Page 19) 

hands to the warmth of the blaze. " Urn ! This feels 
comfy this morning." She seated herself on a low stool 
in front of her father's chair and gazed dreamily into 
the fire. " I — I never really felt as if I knew you until 
last night," she confessed soberly. 

Mr. Weston started nervously. " I want you to get 
acquainted with the children," Jinny's lines flashed 
back. " I guess you're right," he answered lamely. 
Then he turned toward her sharply. " Marilyn, are you 
sure everything is ready? Most brides are busy until 
the last moment with preparations, but here you are 
with your wedding but an hour away, yet you are calm 
and unmoved." 

" Well, father, you must remember I was ready last 
night and changed my plans to please you," explained 
Marilyn. " Another thing, it doesn't take so much for 
young folks to get married on nowadays. Some one re- 
marked that a girl can marry now with perfect peace of 
mind if she has a compact and a five-dollar bill — the 
latter to pay the first week's grocery bill. But I don't 
even need that." 

" Daughter, you don't mean to say you are going to 
Jack with empty hands ? I thought a bride must have a 
goodly stock of linens, quilts and comforters and — " he 
hesitated on the last point for fear of ridicule. 

" And feather bed," supplied Marilyn, suppressing a 
giggle. " That's Hagar's hobby. Mother wrote that 
the poor old soul was scandalized when she discovered 
that Tom and Betty started housekeeping without one. 
She seems to think the family honor depends upon the 
size of the bride's dowry. No, father, you needn't wor- 
ry about my going empty handed. Jack has rented the 
cutest little apartment you ever saw and everything is 
furnished complete. I won't need to take a thing 

" But doesn't it cost a lot?" queried Mr. Weston. 

" Well, yes, I suppose it does," conceded Marilyn 
slowly, " but Jack has a good job with a furniture com- 
pany and he says no price is too great to pay for happi- 
ness. As long as we're sure of that, everything else will 
be all right. We're going to save all we can and buy a 
home. Won't it be fun picking out the new furniture 
for the house? Jack can get it at cost from Mr. 

" Yes, yes," her father smiled. " I hope your dreams 
will all come true. Now there's just one more thing I 
want to tell you before you go. I don't suppose you'll 
understand it now, but last night after you were lost in 
dreams, I sat here living over the past twenty years. I 
never realized how much I had lost in not giving more 
of myself to the family until that hour. Tom is mar- 
ried and you are soon going out from the home roof. I 

wish now that I had been more to my loved ones than 
merely a provider of food and shelter. . I thought of 
the ideals I once had of what a father should be to his 
children, and shuddered in despair." 

" Father, don't, please !" Marilyn's arms were about 
his neck and fervent kisses fell upon the troubled brow. 
" You dare not blame yourself. Your kind of job just 
naturally made it hard for you to spend much time with 
us," she insisted, earnestly. " We all love you dearly 
for what you have done. Think what we'd be without 
you, father. You know you're needed and — and I'll 
need you now more than ever even if I am away. I'm 
going to count on you in every problem and you must 
come and eat with us every time you're home. Now 

Bruce Weston wiped a suspicious moisture from his 
eyes and lifted an old scrap book from the shelf. A 
tiny paper flitted to the floor and was speedily rescued 
by the deft hands of the girl. " Here's a little clipping 

Darkest Before Dawn 


There is one thing in this time of confusion and uncer- 
tainty that the men who have spent their lives studying trade 
are certain of. All with one accord they agree that the 
reparations and war debts, that is the money which Ger- 
many was to pay as a punishment for her part in the war 
and the money we lent for carrying on the war, stands like 
a wall across the road which leads out of this depression. 

Last summer the mass of people in Europe finally found 
what the trade experts had been saying was true. They 
saw that to take money from Germany was not only ruin- 
ing Germany but themselves as well. When that became 
evident to the people, their statesmen were free to wipe out 
the reparations. 

Now the Europeans are asking us to forgive them as 
they forgave their debtors. Our people feel that it is a just 
debt, and they know that if Europe does not pay, they as 
taxpayers will have to make up every cent we forgive 
Europe. But what will it profit us if we make them pay 
every cent, but we are ruined in the process? 

If Europe has to send us all the gold she has to pay the 
debts, she can't buy our goods; but if she doesn't have to 
pay the debts, she can buy our goods. If Europe can buy 
our goods, we will have prosperity; if she can't our depres- 
sion will wax worse and worse. 

The simple facts are, according to the trade experts, 
Europe can't pay if she would, and if we try to make her 
pay, we will not only not get the money but pull both 
Europe and ourselves into the abyss, whereas if we cancel 
the debts, we will have to pay them ourselves, but we will 
have prosperity while we are doing it. 

To pay them ourselves will mean an increase in our tax- 
ation of something like eight per cent. The question is, will 
we be willing to charge that added taxation up against the 
war and proceed to pay it; or will we not yield, get our- 
selves deeper into the depression, and finally end up by pay- 
ing the debt ourselves after some millions of people have 
starved ? 

Fori Wayne, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


I'm sending along with you dear. Put it where you can 
see it every day. It's not about the father I've been to 
you, but it expresses the ideal of what I want to be in 
the future, I'll read it quickly, then you may go." 

Some day, 
When others braid your thick brown hair 

And drape your form in silk and lace, 
When others call you "dear" and "fair," 

And hold your hands and kiss your face, 
You'll not forget that far above 

All others is a father's love. 

Some day, 
When you must feel love's heavy loss 

You will remember other years 
When I too bent beneath the cross, 

And mix my memory with thy tears. 
In such dark hours be not afraid; 

Within their shadows I have prayed. 

Some day, 
A flower, a song, a word maybe 

A link between us strong and sweet; 
Ah, then, dear child remember me! 
And let your heart to father beat. 
My love is with you everywhere, 

You can not pass beyond my prayer. 

— Author Unknown. 

As Mr. Weston finished reading, the great clock in 
the hall boomed forth eight solemn strokes. " Father, 
I'll never forget," whispered Marilyn folding the mes- 
sage close to her heart. 

Nappanee, Ind. 

. ♦ ■ 

In Memory of Mother 

The telephone rang and a gentle voice said, " Your moth- 
er passed away at 4:40 P. M." (Nov. 4, 1932). I was seated 
in my study with books surrounding me, but all these faded 
from view and memories of other years crowded in upon 
me. It was difficult to decide what trait of mother's noble 
life was cherished most, but at least four stood out dis- 

1. A good disposition. By that term is meant the sum to- 
tal of all good and righteous living. First among these was 
self-control. I never saw my mother angry in my more 
than forty-six years of clear memory of her; neither do I 
recall any critical or destructive remarks about any one 
coming from her lips. She trusted when others doubted. 
She spoke kindly about all. She was patient, sacrificing, 
long-suffering, sympathetic and forgiving. With rare poise 
and dignity, she brought goodwill in many a difficult situa- 

2. Humility and modesty. Mother used to teach her chil- 
dren that it was better to be seen than heard, and that a 
modest, humble life needed no defense. It spoke for itself. 
She was not timid or backward, but commandingly modest. 
She hated sham and superfluity of life. Her humility was 
so manifest that it was admired by her best friends. 

Mother spoke with sincerity and frankness. She often 
called attention to the shallowness, and put on, of some peo- 
ple ; but she was never swayed away from the true values 

of life by such manner of living. She was very friendly, 
but never made over people and then said she was glad 
when they were gone. 

Many good deeds were done by her for the poor and 
needy, for the sick and sad-hearted, but no one ever heard 
any boasting about her good works. " She hath done what 
she could," was a guiding principle of her life which was 
lived out in all sincerity and humility. 

3. A simple faith. Mother entertained no fine-spun 
theories about God and his Word. She believed implicitly 
in the Bible. She had received but little formal education, 
for she walked five miles to school and five back for a few 
months each year. But her daily companionship with God 
gave her an abiding faith in his will. 

Mother was too modest to boast about the great faith and 
deeds of her pious ancestry. She wanted to live as nobly as 
they lived without talking about it. She had been told 
about the remarkable work of her grandfather — Elder Dan- 
iel Barnhart — but she rarely talked about his great life ex- 
cept in the hope that she might live worthy of his name. 

Elder Daniel Barnhart was a pioneer minister in the 
Roanoke Valley, Virginia, where he labored in the Church of 
the Brethren many years. He was a contemporary, and as- 
sociated with Peter Nininger, David Plain, Peter Nead, B. 
F. Moomaw, D. P. Sayler, Henry Kurtz and other leaders of 
his day. The Annual Meeting was held in his home and 
barn in 1845. The minutes of that meeting recorded: "At 
the Yearly Meeting of the Brethren held at the house of 
Bro. Daniel Barnhart in Roanoke County on Friday and 
Saturday before Pentecost, May 9 and 10, A. D. 1845, . . . 
to receive the messages from the different churches, and to 
bring in the points and queries which were to be laid before 
the Yearly Meeting for discussion in the fear of God." Elder 
Daniel Barnhart was on Standing Committee many times. 
His name appeared in the lists for 1845, 1846, 1847, 1850, 1851. 
He served on several committees to churches. 

Elder Barnhart was married twice. To each union were 
born nine children. His children followed in his pious foot- 
steps ; and from his home went out an influence that has 
brought blessings to hundreds of firesides. His eighteen 
children separated widely throughout the United States. 
The Barnharts, Brubakers, Hirts, Ikenberrys, Grissos and 
scores of others known so well in the Church of the Breth- 
ren are descendants of that good man. 

Fannie Barnhart married John Grisso — my mother's par- 
ents — and lived as nobly as her sainted father. Jane Grisso, 
the subject in this sketch, united with the church at the age 
of fourteen (1870) and married John T. Henry in the year 
1874. This devoted couple journeyed together in holy wed- 
lock nearly fifty-eight years. Five sons and five daughters 
were born to this union. Two children died in early life and 
eight grew to maturity. Charles W., oldest son, moved to 
Colorado. Rebecca, oldest daughter, married Elder C. E. 
Eller and lives near Salem, Va. One son lives at Bridge- 
water, two in Roanoke County. One daughter died 1931, 
and two live at Back Creek, Va. 

4. A life of unselfish service. Mother organized no so- 
ciety, no club, no ways and means committee. She was too 
busy helping the poor, visiting the sick and giving cheer to 
the down-hearted to be studying about organizations. She 
fed the hungry at her table, and sent them away happy. She 
never complained when some stranger chanced to come just 
at meal time, or asked to spend the night. She made stran- 
gers feel welcome without telling them so. Many a stranger 
went on the journey of life saying: " I was hungry and you 
(Continued on Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

A Message to All Women of the Church 

(Continued From Page 12) 

or suggestions you may have on the back of the report. 

During the closing weeks of the church year may the 
local leaders and all who read this ask the Lord to use 
you mightily in presenting our united project to every 
woman in your church. Make it your business to reach 
each woman personally and invite her to do one or both 
of two things. First, to spend time in prayer for the 
church toward a larger service in the kingdom and sec- 
ond to make some special and sacrificial offering for 
our national project. Have a sufficient number of the 
Women's Work Project envelopes at hand so that each 
woman may have one. There are yet fully five weeks 
before March 1. Any local group of women that has 
not used the project envelopes may still do so. Write 
the office for a supply and use in whatever way you 
think best, then send the amount of total offering to 
your district secretary. Should you not know how to 
send to the district secretary you may send direct to 
Lucille Sherck West, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, 111., but 
in this case be sure to give the name of your church and 

Many envelopes are being used. We ought to use 
ten thousand more during the closing weeks of the year. 
I am hoping that we may actually use all told twenty 
thousand envelopes this year. 

Our appeal thus far has been more especially to the 
officers that we may lead to the utmost in giving, as 
well as in praying. Many are so doing. We now make 
an appeal to all of us regardless of position. Could one 
thousand of us give an additional gift of from one to 
five dollars each during the next few weeks? I'll be 
one. Will not you who read be another, and you, and 
you and you,? This is not an editorial gesture. It is an 
honest to goodness appeal — One thousand women vol- 
unteers to make an additional gift of from one to five 
dollars during the next five weeks, and each gift to be 
wrapped round about and well sealed with prayer. 
Should you send such gifts direct to Lucille Sherck 
West at the office, be sure to indicate name of church 
and district. 

These are strenuous days, but after all there is so 
very, very much for which we should be thankful and 
if any people should have been raised up for just such a 
day as this we ought to claim that privilege. May we then 
be led into the fullness of life that is only completely 
realized in Jesus Christ. 

Also note statement concerning annual report blanks. 

All gifts toward the Women's Work Project are 
credited to the Achievement Offering, as well as to the 
total Conference budget. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 


Will the women please note the call of one thousand 
women to prayer and sacrificial giving during the next 
five weeks. 

Monthly Financial Statement 

Conference Budget 

During the month of December contributions for the Con- 
ference Budget and agencies within the budget totalled $14,- 
030.05. Total cash applicable to the Conference Budget for 
the year beginning March 1, 1932, $125,100.50, detail as fol- 
lows : 

For For 

the month the year 

General Mission Board $10,675.84 $77,940.86 

Board of Christian Education 66.10 2,103.58 

General Ministerial Board 50.00 119.46 

General Education Board 20.72 

Bethany Biblical Seminary 254.66 2,499.49 

American Bible Society 2.69 35.48 

Undesignated Funds 2,980.76 42,380.91 

$ 14,030.05 $125,100.50 

General Mission Board 

During December contributions were received by the 

treasurer of the General Mission Board as follows : 

Total rec'd 
Receipts since 3-1-3Z 

World Wide Missions $ 4,566.48 $22,863.41 

Student Fellowship Fund 1931-1932 1,443.42 

Women's Work Project 638.18 4,946.94 

Home Missions 408.16 1,323.93 

Greene County, Virginia, Mission 1.00 31.50 

Foreign Missions 527.14 3,679.85 

Junior League Project 392.04 1,246.28 

B. Y. P. D. Project 110.04 673.03 

Home Missions Share Plan 22.50 152.50 

Intermediate Project 104.98 198.36 

India Mission 279.07 2,619.40 

India Native Worker 5.00 355.00 

India Boarding School 87.50 454.34 

India Share Plan 155.69 1,841.91 

India Missionary Supports 1,044.57 14,487.61 

Khergam Church Building 10.00 

China Mission 62.13 1,193.61 

China Native Worker 14.96 115.12 

China Boys' School 22.00 

China Girls' School 9.44 

China Share Plan 47.50 634.90 

China Missionary Supports 721.34 7,337.05 

South China Mission 75.00 100.00 

Sweden Mission 1.17 

Sweden Missionary Supports 915.36 

Africa Missionary Supports 1,095.74 7,590.19 

Africa Mission 290.72 3,137.30 

Africa Share Plan 28.10 544.24 

China Famine Relief 56.84 

Africa Leper 13.00 

Student Loan 25.00 

Conference Budget 2,980.76 42,380.91 

Conference Budget Designated for — 

Board of Christian Education 11.10 484.16 

Bethany Biblical Seminary 1.00 658.05 

General Ministerial Board 50.00 119.46 

General Education Board 20.72 

American Bible Society 2.69 35.48 

The following shows the condition of mission finances on 
December 31, 1932: 

Income since March 1, 1932 $87,992.57 

Income same period last year 139,124.27 

Expense since March 1, 1932 148,386.73 

Expense same period last year 218,803.99 

Mission deficit December 31, 1932 63,304.38 

Mission deficit November 30, 1932 56.516.68 

Increase in deficit during December, 1932 6,787.70 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 




Fresno church held its regular business meeting Dec. 5. Since the 
last report three have been received by letter and three by baptism. 
Dec. 9 the men's brotherhood held their banquet, and Dec. 14 the 
mothers and daughters held theirs. Mr. Richmon, a returned mis- 
sionary from Africa, was the speaker. On Christmas night the chil- 
dren of the Sunday-school gave very effective messages. Jan. 1 the 
C. E. presented a New Year's pageant. Dec. 28 the deputation team 
from La Verne College gave a splendid program on Character Build- 
ing. Our church is uniting with other churches of the city in ob- 
serving the week of prayer. The girls have organized under the di- 
rection of Mrs. F. A. Yearout, into the Alpha club.— Mrs. Iva King, 
Fresno, Calif., Jan. 3. 

McFarlamd.— At our recent council church officers were elected for 
the year, Bro. A. Blickenstaff being reelected elder. Miss Veda Moo- 
maw was chosen Messenger agent and correspondent. Our Ladies' 
Aid has been quite busy sewing for the needy of the community and 
assisting in other ways, such as distributing fruit which was canned 
during the summer. During the illness of our pastor we enjoyed 
several helpful messages from Sister Martha Shick, Bro. A. Blicken- 
staff and Bro. Glen Montz. On Thursday evening before Christmas we 
were favored with a program presented by the different departments 
of the Sunday-school. On New Year's eve a deputation team of young 
people from La Verne College gave a much appreciated program.— 
Mrs. J. C. Moomaw, McFarland, Calif., Jan. 3. 

Modesto church enjoyed a fellowship supper early in December. Fol- 
lowing the meal the regular church council was held. I. M. Kauff- 
man was chosen church clerk; Irene Kauffman, Messenger agent and 
corresponding .secretary. Our Thanksgiving offering was $25.57. Three 
have been received by baptism since our last report. The La Verne 
deputation team favored us with their program Dec. 19. Programs by 
the children and young people were given both morning and evening 
of Christmas Day.— Edna M. Wray, Modesto, Calif., Dec. 31. 

Pasadena church met in council Nov. 18, when officers for the year 
were elected: Bro. J. A. Heckman, clerk; Sister Paul Mohler, church 
correspondent; Sister Iva Brubaker, Messenger agent. Our pastor's 
quarterly report was given. The church budget for the year was 
accepted. Nov. 29 to Dec. 3 our Aid Society held their annual bazaar; 
since then we have been busy sewing for the needy and quilting. Our 
missionary society with Sister Paul Mohler in charge is progressing 
nicely. Dec. 24 a number of boxes of food were given to the needy. 
A program was given Christmas morning by the Sunday-school chil- 
dren, and in the evening one by the adults. At the close offerings 
were presented for general mission work. — Mrs. Iva Brubaker, Pasa- 
dena, Calif., Dec. 31. 


Rocky Ford. — Union services were held in the Christian church on 
Thanksgiving Day. Rev. Bessire, pastor of the M. E. church, gave a 
splendid address. The offering of $21.45 was used for local charity. 
Dec. 7 we held our communion and love feast service with Bro. Hos- 
tetler officiating. Dec. 14 we met in council. Bro. Roy E. Miller was 
reelected elder; Jesse Weybright, clerk, and Feo Weybright, Mes- 
senger agent. The men's organization is planning a father and son 
banquet to be held in February. Dec. 18 the high school chorus gave 
a short program of sacred music. After services a social hour was 
held in the Sunday-school room for all the young people. Dec. 24 
our church distributed fifteen baskets of food to needy families of the 
community. Our allotment had been ten families but the donations 
were so generous that our pastor asked the welfare association for 
five more names. In the afternoon the primary and junior Sunday- 
school children met for their Christmas party. Christmas morning the 
children gave a short program followed by a sermon by the pastor. 
In the evening the young people gave the play, Peace I Bring Unto 
You. A Christmas greeting card was received from the Wamplers in 
China. Last Sunday the financial board had charge of the morning 
service. Bro. Hostetler gave a talk on stewardship, then the budget 
for 1933 was presented and pledge cards given out. The budget was 
pledged almost in full. Six of our young people who are teaching 
away from home sent in donations amounting to $120 to be applied on 
the building fund. The national week of prayer is being observed by 
the five large denominations of our city in a union service conducted 
by the pastors. We have received interesting letters from the Crum- 
packers and the Ikenberrys in China. — Blanche Frantz, Rocky Ford, 
Colo., Jan. 3. 


Farmington. — Brethren Norman Seese of Denton, Md., and Harry 
Ziegler of Ridgely, Md., preached to us during November. On the 
evening of Thanksgiving Day a joint service was held in our church. 
There was appropriate music, readings and a short talk by Rev. 
Langrell of the Methodist church. A number from our congregation 
attended the yearly meeting of the churches on the Peninsula held this 
year at Ridgely early in December. On Christmas morning the chil- 
dren of the Sunday-school gave a program. — Mrs. H. G. Baker, Bridge- 
ville, Del., Jan. 2. 


Winter Park.— The members' meeting of the church was held Dec. 26. 
We reelected C. E. Bower as elder and pastor for the year. Nearly 
all officers elected for 1933 succeeded themselves: Bro. J. A. Richards, 
treasurer and trustee; Bro. Paul Cox, clerk; the writer, correspondent 
and Messenger agent. Several committees were also chosen. All de- 
partments of the church are well organized. Attendance at Sunday- 
school and church services is increasing. The Bible study class of 
Wednesday evening is interesting and profitable. Bro. Bower is the 
leader and instructor. The views of the work done in foreign fields 
as shown by Sister Fannie Marshall of Eustis, Fla., were much en- 
joyed.— J. W. Chambers, Orlando, Fla., Dec. 31. 


Payette Valley. — We had two very nice Christmas programs. In the 
morning the children sang and gave appropriate recitations and in the 
evening both children and older folk took part. Many beautiful songs 
were rendered by the chorus and the children gave their little pieces 
and songs. We expect to have a series of meetings some time in Jan- 
uary to be held by our pastor, Bro. E. J. Glover. Brother and Sister 
Glover spent several days visiting her parents at Nampa last week. 
The young people held a watch party last evening at the church.— 
Marvel Bowers, Payette, Idaho, Jan. 1. 


Pipe Creek.— The primary department gave their Christmas program 
Dec. 18. Gifts of all kinds were brought to the church and the young 
people's class distributed them to the needy in the community. An 
offering of $118.65 was taken which included the children's project work 
for the year. At the close of the service a young mother was re- 
ceived into the church by baptism. Our council meeting was held 
Dec. 10. Bro. T. A. Shively was reelected elder; most of the other 
officers were reelected. The church voted to install Brethren Milo 
Huffman and Ernest Shively in the ministry; they were licensed to 
preach a year ago. Our harvest meeting and Thanksgiving services 
were held Nov. 20. This included a basket dinner and helpful mes- 
sages by Bro. E. B. Bagwell and Bro. G. A. Snider of North Man- 

(Continued on Page 28) 


Missions and Church Service Achieve- 
ment Offering 

Blank for Sending Money 

General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 
Dear Brethren: 

Enclosed find dollars. Unless desig- 
nated on the blank line this money is to be used for 
the agencies included in the Conference Budget. 

Please place this money to the credit of 






Name of sender 

Street Address or R. F. D. 

Postoffice State 

Make bank draft, personal check, P. O. or Express money 
order payable to Brethren's General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Please state what congregation and District should have 
credit for this. Full name and address should be given to in- 
sure a prompt return of receipt. 


Amount Enclosed 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

In Memory of Mother 

(Continued From Page 23) 
took me in, needy and you gave me something to wear," 
while the eternal God was keeping the record. 

People may forget what we say but it is not so easy to 
forget the good which one does. The good deeds of service 
which mother did were not forgotten. When the host of 
people passed the open casket in the Poages Mill church 
where she had been present every Sunday at service in 1932, 
until God said that it was enough, come up higher, even the 
hired men, and others whom she had helped, took out their 
handkerchiefs, stood with bowed heads and wept. " Behold 
how they loved her." 

Bridgewater, Va. 



The thirty-third annual Bible institute to be held at Eliza- 
bethtown College will extend from Sunday, Jan. 22, to Sun- 
day, Jan. 29. The principal instructors will be President D. 
W. Kurtz of Bethany Biblical Seminary; President Otho 
Winger of Manchester College; Sister Anetta Mow, mis- 
sionary on furlough from India. Eld. H. K. Ober and mem- 
bers of the college faculty will be the additional instructors. 
Three special programs have been arranged for Sunday, 
Jan. 29. The Eastern Regional Women's Work Conference 
will also convene in the college chapel on Thursday after- 
noon, Jan. 26. In the evening of the same day special em- 
phasis will be placed upon the program of the church and 
an effort put forth to have present the leaders in the work 
of the church. Dr. Kurtz will deliver this special message 
to the assembled workers. 

It is hoped that churches and Sunday-schools will make it 
possible for some representatives to attend this institute. 
Since the expense of sending delegates is small, a large 
number of churches should avail themselves of these oppor- 
tunities. There is no charge for' lodging and tuition, but 
a free-will offering will be lifted to meet necessary expenses. 
Meals will be furnished in the college dining hall at thirty- 
five cents each. A limited number of women can be accom- 
modated in or near the college buildings. For information 
on lodging write to Prof. J. Z. Herr, Business Manager, 
Elizabethtown, Pa. 

The following program has been arranged: Jan. 22, 9 A. 
M., Sunday-school. 10 A. M., Sermon, The Life, the Light 
of Men.— D. W. Kurtz. 6 : 45 P. M., Y. P. D. Service. 7 : 30 
P. M., Sermon, Paul's Religion and Ethics. — D. W. Kurtz. . 

Daily Program, Jan. 23-28. 8:40 A. M., Worship Period.; 
9 : 00, The Epistle of First John.— R. W. Schlosser. 10 : 00, 
The Church in Her Relation to This Age. — Otho Winger. 
11 : 00, Fundamental Doctrines of Faith.— D. W. Kurtz. 1 : 30 
P. M., Practical Christian Living.— Otho Winger. 2:30,. 
Training Youth for Service. — E. S. Kiracof e. 3 : 00, Group 
Conferences. 7:00, Missions. — Anetta Mow. 7:45, Sermon 
Lectures. — D. W. Kurtz. 

Jan. 29, 9 A. M., Sunday-school. 10 A. M., Address: 
Studying the Scriptures. — E. S. Kiracofe. The Bible, Our 
Guide. — Otho Winger. 2 P. M., Address, The Future Church 
in India. — Anetta Mow. Stewardship in a Time Like This.— 
Otho Winger. 7 P. M., Address, A Job and Christian Edu- 
cation. — A. C. Baugher. Keeping the College Christian. — 
Otho Winger. R. W. Schlosser. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 


The District Conference of Western Colorado was held at 
the First Grand Valley church at Appleton Nov. 23-27. We 
had an especially interesting and uplifting meeting. 

Wednesday night our welfare meeting when we lis- 
tened to an exceptional address by Mrs. Martin Kinney, 
formerly a Baptist missionary to the American Indians. 

Thursday evening was the business session and all busi- 
ness was efficiently disposed of under the leadership of Bro. 
R. N. Leatherman as moderator. The conference decided to 
keep on with the mission work at Glade Park as the people 
there are so anxious for help. 

The young people had charge of the meeting Friday eve- 
ning. A peace program was given to a large and appre- 
ciative audience. Boyd Weaver read a splendid paper on 
Shall We Commit Suicide? Esther Heckman discussed The 
Young People's Part in the Peace Movement. Afterward 
a play entitled, The Great Choice (an incident of the next 
war) was given. The program was one of the best of the 
conference. Our young people are taking a very active part 
in the peace movement, for which we wish to commend 

Sunday was an all-day meeting, dinner being served at 
the church. The morning service for the adults comprised 
four splendid addresses relating to opportunities for Chris- 
tian young people in the present day world. The primaries 
and juniors had separate sessions. 

In the afternoon Dr. McDougall of the Presbyterian 
church in Grand Junction gave an inspiring talk about Home 
which was much appreciated. The men and boys had a 
meeting conducted by Bro. R. N. Leatherman and the 
women and girls were addressed by Mrs. McDougall. 
Both sessions were helpful and much enjoyed. 

The final session was Sunday night, when the intermedi- 
ates, directed by Elizabeth Leatherman, presented a play 
entitled, Alice's House of Friendship. This was followed 
by the conference sermon by Bro. R. N. Leatherman — a fit- 
ting climax of an inspiring meeting. 

Grand Junction, Colo. Mrs. Pearl Lapp, Clerk. 


" Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the 
children of God " (Matt. 5 : 9). The Lord has been trying, 
ever since Adam was a young man, to have a nice, peaceable 
family. But Satan came snooping around as a meddler in 
other people's business and got the trouble started. Al- 
though God is love, he didn't say, " Now Mr. Adam, I would 
like for you and your best girl to move out of the Garden 
as soon as it is convenient for you," but he drove them out 
and put a sword there so that they could not go back (Gen. 
3 : 24). This must have grieved the hearts of all parties con- 

Then we see the first boy born into the world. Oh, the 
tragedy of killing his brother ! This must have nearly broken 
the hearts of his parents and must have grieved the heart 
of the Lord. Then in the days of Noah the Lord saw that 
the wickedness of man was great in the earth and that the 
imaginations of his mind and the thoughts of his heart were 
continually evil (Gen. 6: 5 and Gen. 6: 17). The Lord then 
took Abraham and made a new start. Then came Jacob, a 
tricky little Yankee. Being the best material at hand, the 
Lord did the best he could with him. Then in due time our 
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ was born, bringing peace and 
goodwill to man and to all who comply with the terms of 
the gospel, which is our reasonable service (Rom. 12: 1). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


Finally, then, we may enter into mansions prepared for us 
in that holy city (Rev. 22 : 14), where the peace that passeth 
understanding will be ours. 
Covina, Calif. Job Trout. 


On Sunday morning, Oct. 30, 1932, just five days after she 
was afflicted by a stroke of apoplexy while sitting in her 
favorite rocking chair, Mother, Grandmother and Great- 
grandmother Wenger passed 
to the great beyond. She was 
the oldest daughter of the late 
Eld. Jacob and Sarah Meyer 
and was born Jan. 11, 1859. 
Nov. 6, 1875, she was united in 
marriage to Eld. Edward M. 
Wenger. They lived together 
very happily for over fifty- 
seven years. Seven years ago 
they celebrated their go'den 
wedding anniversary with 
their children. Their home 
was blessed with thirteen 
children, five daughters and 
eight sons. The youngest 
daughter, Emma, preceded 
grandmother in death. 

Grandmother Wenger united with the Church of the 
Brethren at the age of twelve. This was very unusual in 
those days, when it was usually considered more advisable 
for folks to wait until they were older and were married. 
Grandmother and her younger sister, Sarah Ann (Bross), 
were the only single sisters in the Little Swatara congrega- 
tion. Thus for more than sixty years grandmother was a 
devoted member of the church and a follower of the Mas- 
ter. For many years she was also a faithful helpmate to 
Grandfather Wenger as an elder's wife. 

As a mother in the home grandmother's influence will be 
most keenly felt. Many times as Grandfather Wenger was 
away conducting evangelistic meetings, the burden of the 
home rested on her, and she assumed the responsibility most 
nobly. She had the privilege of seeing all of her children 
unite with the church. One of her sons is a faithful deacon ; 
another son, a son-in-law and a grandson are ministers in 
the church. Surely grandmother's influence was a potent 
factor in the lives of each of these church leaders. 

Grandmother never had much to say about her religion, 
but she lived it — which is the real essence of religion. She 
was always cheerful and seemed to enjoy life though many 
times family cares were burdensome. During her later 
years, when the family cares were not so heavy, grand- 
mother read very extensively. She was a regular reader of 
her Bible and The Gospel Messenger as well as other church 

The Psalmist says, " Precious in the sight of the Lord is 
the death of his saints." Surely grandmother was a saint. 
Twelve living children, forty-five grandchildren and eight- 
een great-grandchildren have risen up and called her 
" blessed." Though grandmother's body is resting peace- 
fully in the beautiful Union cemetery near her girlhood 
home, her spirit still dwells among us and " her works do 
follow her." 

The funeral services were held on Friday afternoon, Nov. 
4, from the old homestead where grandparents lived togeth- 
er so happily and where they reared their family. The serv- 

ices at the house were conducted by a friend and neighbor 
of the family, Eld. Elias W. Edris. Further services were 
held at the Union Meetinghouse by Dr. Henry K. Ober, an 
intimate friend of the family. The church was crowded to 
capacity and an overflow service was held in the basement 
of the church by Elders Nathan Martin and Amos Kuhns. 
The text selected by the family was : " Her children rise 
up, and call her blessed ; and her husband also, and he 
praiseth her" (Prov. 31: 28). 

Annville, Pa. Carl W. Zeigler. 


A few hours after Sister Wampler was stricken by 
paralysis, and without regaining consciousness, she passed 
away, Dec. 23, 1932, at the age of 73 years, 2 months and 27 
days. She was the daughter of Elder Samuel and Elizabeth 
Showalter Cline and widow of Elder D. B. Wampler who 
passed on twenty-five years ago. 

Both Brother and Sister Wampler became Christians at 
an early age and members of the Church of the Brethren 
previous to their marriage, and thus laid the foundation of 
their lives and the Christian home they built later in whose 
healthful atmosphere their children grew up. 

Brother and Sister Wampler were married fifty-two years 
ago. Seven children were born unto them — three sons and 
four daughters — who survive. And the children, like their 
parents, are distinctly religious in spirit. They plan life 
upon the idea of God, Christian service, responsibility, and 
life worth while. All are faithful members of the Church 
of the Brethren. 

Brother Wampler was a man of education for his day. He 
taught for a number of years, and represented advanced 
views in almost all fields of service. To him life without 
service meant nothing, and life without accomplishment was 
waste. He talked progress constantly and everywhere and 
was unhappy when he felt progress was not made. The 
children are much of their father's type. The father was 
born with the instincts of the teacher and cultivated them. 
So are the children. They all have the teacher's instinct. 
Six of them have taught with success, and Miss Hattie, the 
youngest daughter, who now gives all her time to the field 
of religious education, has become a teacher of distinction. 
The mother possessed the most beautiful Christian spirit 
and lovely character. On Christmas day her remains were 
laid away in the Mill Creek cemetery by the side of her be- 
loved husband in the midst of a throng of sympathizing 
friends and neighbors. Rev. 14: 13 was used as the funeral 
text for the improvement of the occasion. 

Dayton, Va. H. C. Early. 


Jan. 1, 1933, is a day long to be remembered by the Noah Barnhart 
family who live about four miles northwest from Centropolis, Kans., 
in the bounds of the Appanoose church. The occasion was the celebra- 
tion of the birthday of Mr. Barnhart's mother, Sally, who is 90 years 
.old, and Mrs. Barnhart's mother, Mrs. Sink, who is 70 years old. 

There were about 100 invited guests present to partake of the boun- 
teous feast provided for the occasion. Among those who were present 
were eleven persons whose birthdays are in January, including the 
grandmas. Their combined ages total 403 years. There were two 
birthday cakes, one for each of the grandmas, each one with one 
candle for each ten years. Grandma Barnhart succeeded in blowing out 
the nine candles on her cake with one blow of her breath. Grandma 
Sink did likewise with the seven candles on her cake. Both grandmas 
are in good health and real spry for their age. They took the lead in 
the march around the tables at mealtime, for the meal was served on 
the cafeteria plan. Every one present had a good time and enjoyed 
visiting with each other, as did also the grandmas. This day will long 
be remembered by those who were present on the occasion. 

Overbrook, Kans. S. E. Thompson. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

News From Churches 

(Continued From Page 25) 

Chester. A missionary offering was taken. The Aid Society furnished 
Thanksgiving dinner for the Old Folks and Orphans' Home at Mexico 
and also gave a supply of provisions to two families. They sent a box 
of clothing to the Hastings Street Mission in Chicago. The church 
appreciated the sermons by Bro. L. D. Ockerman and Frank Hay.— 
Martha O. Hessong, Peru, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Rossville church met in council Dec. 15. Church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected with Denis Hufford, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. Members were chosen on the ministerial and missionary com- 
mittees. Dec. 22 a Christmas pageant, The Royal Branch, was given 
to an appreciative audience. Dec. 25 in the evening service Bro. Dolar 
Ritchey of Illinois preached for us. Preaching services are held reg- 
ularly every two weeks with Sunday-school every Sunday morning and 
Bible study each Sunday evening. During the winter months the 
Ladies' Aid is meeting only the first Thursday in each month in the 
homes.— Lillian A. Hufford, Rossville, Ind., Dec. 31. 

South Bend (First).— At the December council Bro. Hartsough was 
elected elder for the coming year: J. R. Kelley, clerk; Mrs. Edna Ed- 
son, reelected Messenger agent; Mrs. P. L. Huffaker, correspondent. 
Dec. 18 the choir gave a Christmas program of carols. Dec. 21 was 
the Christmas program and white gift service. All departments par- 
ticipated in filling baskets and helping the needy. — Mrs. Austin Z. 
Swihart, South Bend, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Wabash City. — At our September council we elected officers for the 
year. Bro. Carl McCombs was reelected superintendent; Hugh Deafen- 
baugh, Messenger agent and correspondent. It was unanimously de- 
cided to retain our pastor, Bro. Smeltzer, for another year. On ac- 
count of finances we decided to hold only one week of meeting with 
different ministers helping. Those who preached for us during this 
time were Bro. Deaton of Eel River, Bro. Hartsough of North Man- 
chester, Sister George of Manchester College, Bro. Oberlin of Peru and 
Bro. G. A. Snider of North Manchester. The church appreciated their 
messages and help very much. Two were baptized at the close of the 
meetings. Our love feast was held one week later with Bro. M. 
Smeltzer officiating. The District Tour was held on Dec. 11. Some 
of the speakers were Prof. Hamer, Bro. Moyne Landis and Miss Conk- 
ling. The Isaac Walton glee club of North Manchester gave us a 
splendid program on Nov. 29. The children and young people gave 
their Christmas program on Dec. 22. On New Year's night the young 
people and pastor gave a candle light program which was very im- 
pressive. Our church and Sunday-school attendance has kept up fine 
but on account of finances our work is much hindered. — Mrs. Maggie 
Smeltzer, North Manchester, Ind., Jan. 5. 


Coon River church met in business meeting Dec. 17 to make plans 
for next year's work. Bro. Irving Haughtelin was reelected elder; Bro. 
E. O. Reed, clerk and Messenger agent; the writer, corresponding 
secretary. We decided to have the church year begin Oct. 1. The 
Panora Aid Society met Dec. 27 to reorganize. Officers were elected, 
Mrs. Pearl Neal being chosen president. The Bagley Aid also chose 
officers, Mrs. Estella Knight being president. The church is expect- 
ing Bro. Oliver Austin to hold a two weeks' revival for us next 
September. We enjoyed a Christmas program on Dec. 25 given by the 
four younger classes of our Sunday-school. — Mrs. Estella Knight, 
Bagley, Iowa, Jan. 2. 

Fairview. — Dec. 1 the church met in council when officers were 
elected for the year: D wight Powell, clerk; Ruth Ogden, Messenger 
correspondent. We have a live Sunday-school with Bro. Jesse Ter- 
rance, .superintendent. We were pleased to have some of our young 
members home for the holidays; they give inspiration to the work. 
The B. Y. P. D. is under the direction of Sister Lesta Wagner and is 
a big help to the young people. Bro. Galen Ogden was licensed to 
preach for another year. — Mrs. Ruth Ogden, Unionville, Iowa, Jan. 4. 

Panther Creek. — The annual father and son banquet was held Nov. 13. 
Bro. X. L. Coppock, the principal speaker, gave a splendid address to a 
large group. The local W. C. T U. has sponsored several programs 
recently. They are making a special effort to educate for temperance. 
The women of the church have recently organized a missionary so- 
ciety. The programs are instructive and interesting and the attend- 
ance has been good. The Ladies' Aid held the annual bazaar and food 
sale Dec. 17. The B. Y. P. D. gave a special program Sunday evening, 
Nov. 13, one feature being a short play, Out of the Shadows. The 
young people of the church raised a pig which was recently butchered 
and sold. This was one project for the purpose of paying their mis- 
sionary pledge. Regular business meeting was held at the church 
Dec. 4. Bro. O. F. Shaw was reelected elder for the coming year. A 
local board of Christian Education was organized. The Christmas pro- 
gram was given the evening of Dec. 25. — Anna Mae Royer, Adel, Iowa, 
Jan. 3. 

Spring Creek. — In June we had a Children's Day program. Sister 
Eliza B. Miller gave us a splendid talk on Indian customs. In July 
the young people's conference of Winona, Lewiston and Root River 
met here. Bro. James EIrod was the main speaker. Maude Sharp 
gave us three addresses during the summer. A number of our mem- 
bers attended District Meeting which was held in the Ivester church. 
The Aid is helping give relief to those in need. Because of finances 
the church is depending on the free ministry for 1932 and also 1933. 

There is a small deficit but we hope to get it all paid. Bro. A. R. 
Coffman held a two weeks' meeting for us in October. The meeting 
closed with a love feast. We met with the M. E. and Baptist churches 
for Thanksgiving services in town. We had a special offering the 
following Sunday in our own church. Officers for the present year 
are: Elder, R. E. Stern; clerk, Wm. Martin; Sunday-school superin- 
tendent, Galen Gillum; assistant, Laurence Weible. — Sarah Sharp, 
Fredericksburg, Iowa, Jan. 2. 


Garden City church closed a successful two weeks' evangelistic meet- 
ing on Dec. 12. Bro. W. T. Luckett of Hutchinson gave us some won- 
derful sermons. Sixteen were baptized and two reclaimed, most of 
these being young people of high school age. On Dec. 13 we held our 
love feast which was very well attended. We have a fine group of 
young people. The attendance is from twenty-five to thirty for both 
morning and evening services. The children gave a Christmas pro- 
gram on Dec. 23. Bro. Geo. Burgin is our pastor and brings us won- 
derful sermons every Sunday. — Mrs. C. O. Troxel, Deerfield, Kans., 
Jan. 5. 

Maple Grove. — Bro. Wm. Riddlebarger conducted a revival in our 
church during the holidays. The interest was good and one made 
the good choice. On Sunday afternoon a large crowd gathered at the 
church to attend the funeral services of our aged Bro. John Thomas. 
— Lizzie Miller, Norton, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Topeka church met in business meeting Dec. 10. Eld. Roy Kistner 
was elected elder for another year; H. C. Taylor, Sunday-school super- 
intendent, and L. A. Foster, assistant. We have Sunday-school every 
Sunday with a good attendance and preaching every other Sunday 
morning and evening. On account of the distance and finance, it was 
decided last fall to have our pastor, Bro. Kistner, of Sabetha, Kans., 
come every other Sunday for the winter at least. We had our Christ- 
mas program on Sunday evening, Dec. 18. We filled some baskets 
at Christmas time for the needy. Jan. 1 we had our annual birthday 
offering and dinner at the church. At the close of the preaching hour 
Bro. Whitehead and his wife presented Brother and Sister Kistner 
with a beautiful birthday cake. Our Aid Society is progressing under 
the leadership of our president, Mrs. Laura Lewis. We meet all day 
every Thursday.— Mary M. Smith, Topeka, Kans., Jan. 2. 

West Wichita. — As a reward for his excellent Christian work, our 
pastor,- Bro. Herbert Ruthrauff, was ordained into the full ministry 
and made an elder at a council meeting, Dec. 9. Bro. Crist and Bro. 
Duncan, East Wichita, officiated. At the same meeting Jim Blue was 
elected to take the place on the finance board of Ed Wade, whose res- 
ignation was accepted. Mrs. Fred McConnell was elected as official 
representative on the religious education board. It was decided that 
this office will henceforth be placed on the ballot for the regular annual 
election of church officers. The Sunday-school classes and other 
groups of the church have made pledges to the church budget for 
the year. Several projects have been carried out or are being planned. 
The men's organization has pledged itself to furnish wood for the year 
and has made an exceptional start, having chopped and hauled wood 
for many weeks. The Ladies' Aid has done its share, one of its most 
popular projects being a loyalty quilt, of which each girl and woman 
made a block, paying a penny for each piece in the block. The young 
people gave a rainbow supper, Dec. 2, at which different colored food 
was served, cafeteria style, from correspondingly colored tables. A 
good sum of money was turned over to the treasurer. The class is 
practicing on a play to be given in January. The intermediate girls 
are planning a pie supper for Jan. 6. The Ladies' Aid met at the 
Wichita Children's Home recently to sew, and plans to do so the first 
Wednesday in each month. International Bible Sunday was recog- 
nized throughout the day's services, Dec. 4. That evening, young 
people's night, the adults and young people met together for the C. W. 
hour. Ed Wade, delegate at the District Conference at Nickerson, re- 
ported on the conference recently. For the past month the pastor has 
been having evangelistic services each Sunday evening. In the October 
election of officers, Marie Hoag was made general Sunday-school 
superintendent, and Mrs. Wikoff, the junior superintendent. This year 
the Brethren Keystone Graded Lessons are being used. Cottage mid- 
week meetings are being held each Wednesday night. The study of 
"Doctrine and Devotion" has been completed and a study of the Gospel 
of John is being taken up. — Dorothy Stephens, Wichita, Kans., Dec. 26. 


Welty. — Our Sunday-school was reorganized with Bro. J. O. Leiter as 
superintendent. All officers and teachers were installed Oct. 2 by the 
pastor. The week previous to Nov. 13 the donation for the Children's 
Home in Carlisle, Pa., was brought to the church. Nov. 13 the men's 
class rendered an appropriate Thanksgiving program. In the evening 
the Lebanon male quartet rendered a program which was enjoyed by 
all. Nov. 19 we held our love feast with Bro. W. G. Group officiat- 
ing, assisted by Brethren Levi Ziegler and Jos. Burkhart and the home 
ministers. During these services our pastor, Bro. J. I. Thomas, and 
wife were ordained to the eldership. Nov. 20 Bro. Wm. Kinsey of 
Westminster, Md., began a series of revival meetings in the Ring- 
gold church. After preaching one week he was obliged to close his 
efforts, having taken cold. We were fortunate in securing Bro. H. M. 
Snavely of Carlisle to finish the meetings for us. While there were no 
immediate results in the way of converts, we had a very good meet- 
ing and the church was much benefited. Thanksgiving morning a 
service was held in the Ringgold church, and Dec. 23 a Christmas pro- 
gram was rendered. Our program was rendered Christmas night. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


Jan. 4 Sister Anetta Mow, returned missionary, gave us an interesting 
talk.— Naomi Marker, Smithsburg, Md., Jan. 5. 


Battle Creek.— Nov. 26 will long linger in the hearts of our young 
people, as they recall the meeting at South Woodland which thirty- 
five of them attended. It was a state-wide gathering, sponsored by 
our state cabinet of which Josephine Wise is president. The young 
people were eager listeners to a well planned program. Dan West of 
Illinois, J. Harman Bjorklund and Bob Tully of Indiana and our state 
advisor, Bro. Forror, were the main message bearers, bringing much 
information and inspiration. The Beaverton and Battle Creek groups 
each brought one of Joe Van Dyke's plays. South Woodland again 
favored the group with one of their "game feeds," served by the 
fathers and mothers. Thanksgiving Day was recognized by a morn- 
ing service. Bro. David P. Schechter brought the message to which 
was added an informal round table. An offering of $8 was lifted for 
missions. Bro. J. E. Ulery presided over the December council when 
all church officers were chosen: Bro. Harley Townsend, elder; Bro. 
Morris Weisel, clerk. At the Christmas program the play, The Beggar 
Boy, written by Joe Van Dyke, was given by the young people's de- 
partment. Six dollars was given to missions. On Christmas morning 
the children's department brought baskets of substantial gifts for the 
needy. The missionary department has also helped needy homes this 
winter. As at Thanksgiving the young people again passed out bas- 
kets of provisions, much of which was their own canned fruit prepared 
last summer. Christmas carols brought cheer to a dozen homes. Bro. 
Russel Weller of North Webster, Ind., brought a timely sermon on 
Christmas Day. Our local ministers are alternating in filling the pulpit 
at present. Sister Rhoda Burroughs will serve as Messenger corre- 
spondent for 1933.— Mrs. David P. Schechter, Battle Creek, Mich., 
Dec. 31. 

Grand Rapids. — Oct. 16 was state music day and we enjoyed an all- 
day meeting. A revival was held by Bro. Edson Ulery of Onekama 
from Nov. 13 to 27. The song services were also very spiritual with 
Sister Wright in charge. On the day following the close of the meet- 
ings four were baptized; communion was held in the evening. The 
B. Y. P. D. adopted a needy family to take care of from Thanks- 
giving to Christmas. They gave a bountiful dinner on both holidays 
and made clothing and comforters for them. Council meeting was held 
Dec. 19. A Christmas service, White Gifts for the King, was held 
Dec. 21. Each Sunday-school class brought gifts and we made up 
Christmas dinners for seven families. The offering was $13.85.— Eunice 
Patrick, Grand Rapids, Mich., Jan. 5. 

Rodney. — The church met in council Dec. 6. Officers for the coming 
year were elected with but two changes. Mrs. Maude Frederick was 
elected Messenger agent and the writer correspondent. We are trying 
to get Bro. Chas. Forror for a week's meeting some time this month. 
Our Sunday-school is doing fine with an average of about sixty. Sev- 
eral families have moved into our community which helps greatly. We 
had our Christmas program Dec. 25. — Verlin C. Tombaugh, Rodney, 
Mich., Jan. 7. 


Monticello. — The Sunday-school had their program on Christmas 
morning. Also the elementary department of the school received 
their eleventh annual star as a receipt for their $25 share in the Vyara 
boys' school in India. — A. J. Nickey, Monticello, Minn., Jan. 2. 


Spray church met in council Dec. 14 and church officers were elected: 
Bro. J. A. Naff, elder; Bro. Luther Shockley, church clerk; Sister 
Edith Peters, adult advisor for young people; Bro. Luther Shockley, 
Messenger agent; the writer, correspondent. A missionary committee 
of three was elected. Our Sunday-school is doing nicely. Dec. 26 our 
young people gave an impressive pageant, At the Manger. The men 
have been doing some work on the church yard which was much 
needed. The Ladies' Aid has quilted a number of quilts recently, in- 
cluding one as a gift for a needy home. — Mrs. C. W. Agee, Spray, 
N. C, Jan. 2. 


Beaver Creek. — Bro. R. H. Nicodemus will begin a two weeks' series 
of evangelistic services at this place Jan. 1, using the Book of Reve- 
lation for his sermons; this is his third revival here. Friend Couser 
will have charge of the music. Bro. C. D. Bonsack delivered two won- 
derful missionary messages at our homecoming. The Couser quartet 
sang. Consecration services for teachers and officers and a promotion 
program was held Oct. 2. President Winger of Manchester College 
had charge of the communion service and delivered a forceful sermon 
Sunday morning. Students of the college told of the advantages that 
college offered to students. Bro. E. S. Coffman, religious education 
director of Southern Ohio, has met with our Sunday-school teachers 
and officers at an evening meeting and at a covered dish supper. At a 
Christmas program the young people's Sunday-school class gave a 
splendid rendering of the play, It Happened in Bethlehem. Other 
classes had special numbers. The Aid Society gave our pastor and 
wife a lovely Irish chain quilt for a Christmas gift, in appreciation of 
Bro. Eidemiller's twelve years' pastorate. The young ladies made 
interesting toys for baskets for poor children. There has been a 
steady increase in Sunday-school attendance since September and our 
Sunday evening services are well attended. — Mrs. Henry M. Stewart, 
Xenia, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 29 for the annual election of 
officers. J. J. Anglemeyer is elder; M. J. Saltzman, clerk; the writer, 

Sunday-school superintendent, Messenger agent and correspondent. 
Jan. 1 officers were elected for the Sunday-school. The Harvester 
class entertained the Christian Endeavor Society of the Vanlue United 
Brethren church Dec. 28. A service enjoining spiritual attainment was 
given, after which a banquet and program were enjoyed. — Glenn Fruth, 
Alvada, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Silver Creek. — Our meetings are of the past but we have been richly 
fed. There were no visible results but we hope much good has been 
done. We had good attendance each evening. Many enjoyed the 
Bible study hour of the day. Bro. Mallott gave us plain gospel truths. 
The children enjoyed his stories of African life each evening. — Mrs. 
Noah Long, Pioneer, Ohio, Jan. 3. 


Albright.— Beginning Nov. 13 and ending Nov. 27 Bro. Blair Hoover 
of Carson Valley conducted a series of meetings to the edification of 
the church and with a substantial addition to the congregation. Ten 
were added by baptism and three reclaimed. Christmas services were 
held by the Sabbath School. The annual election of officers, both in 
church and school, resulted in the retention of the majority of the 
officials for another year. Financial difficulties owing to unemploy- 
ment have lowered the income of the church but we are thankful to be 
still carrying on. — Nora Wentz, Roaring Spring, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Codorus. — Our church met in council Jan. 2. Bro. Melvin Jacobs and 
Bro. W. G. Group were with us and Brother and Sister D. Edw. 
Keeney were installed and ordained to the elder's office. Codorus Sun- 
day-school rendered a program Christmas evening; an address was 
given by Bro. S. C. Godfrey. Dec. 26 the Shrewsbury school rendered 
a Christmas program. Jan. 1 the Pleasant Hill school held a New 
Year's eve program. — Esther B. Hartman, York, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Coventry. — Bro. I. S. Long came to us Oct. 30 to conduct two weeks 
of evangelistic meetings. Twenty-two were added 'to the church by 
baptism following these services. We are planning a reception for 
these new members on Jan. 4. A joint service of the Parkerford and 
Coventry congregations was held Thanksgiving morning. Bro. A. M. 
Dixon preached the sermon. A missionary program was given Sun- 
day evening, Dec. 11, by the mothers and daughters' group, including 
a pageant, readings and special music. An inspiring evening of music 
was given Sunday, Dec. — , Bro. S. Boyd Dickey directing the music. 
Christmas morning we had a white gift service. In the evening the 
young people's group gave an interesting play entitled, Nathan, the 
Shepherd Boy. Our pastor, Bro. Dick, gave us an inspiring message 
on New Year's Day. — Elizabeth Kulp, Pottstown, Pa., Jan. 2. 

East Fair-view. — We met in council on Dec. 12, and among some of 
the important decisions were the granting of the rights for organiza- 
tion of a Young People's Department under the supervision of the 
Christian Board of Education in our local church; the appointing of 
committees for investigating the advisability of changing our present 
church to more satisfactorily meet the needs of a growing Sunday- 
school. Bro. Harry G. Fahnestock was ordained to the eldership. 
Elders S. H. Hertzler and H. L. Hess officiated. Our revival started 
on Dec. 25 and will continue for two weeks, Bro. B. W. S. Ebersole, 
evangelist. The meetings are very well attended and he is giving very 
practical and spiritual sermons. — Myers L. Wenger, Manheim, Pa., 
Dec. 31. 

Fairview. — On Nov. 24 was held a union Thanksgiving service of the 
Dunkards and Mennonites at the Fairview church. A delightful pro- 
gram was given, consisting of music and recitations followed by a 
sermon by Rev. Abram Metsler of the Mennonite congregation near 
Masontown. The church gave an excellent Christmas program con- 
sisting of music and recitations and a playlet entitled, Candle Light, 
given by the young folks of the Sunday-school, and a pantomime of 
Silent Night given by a group of girls. At the close an offering was 
taken for world-wide missions. Dec. 7 a group of young folks of our 
Sunday-school organized; they decided to meet the first Wednesday 
of every month. Dec. 29 the members of the congregation met in 
council for the purpose of finishing the election of church officers. 
Elder is C. C. Sollenberger; secretary, Bro. W. E. Fretts. At this 
meeting the deed for the Uniontown and Fairchance churches was 
passed upon. This finished the divide between Fairview and Union- 
town including Fairchance churches. — Florence M. Townsend, Smith- 
field, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Mechanicsburg. — Bro. J. E. Whitacre of Harrisburg began a series of 
meetings Nov. 6 and continued until the 20th. His messages were in- 
teresting and spiritual. Seven stood for Christ and were baptized. 
Our love feast, held on Nov. 20, was well attended. Dec. 24 the chil- 
dren of the Sunbeam class gave an oratorical contest. A prize was 
given to the first and second best speakers. Sister Anetta Mow was 
with us on Dec. 20 and 21 and gave two interesting talks on India. 
Christmas evening the children of the Sunday-school gave a. program 
of singing, recitations and a playlet. — Anna B. Brindle, Mechanics- 
burg, Pa., Dec. 31. 


White Rock.— Our quarterly council was held Dec. 3 at which time 
officers were elected for the year: Bro. H. L. Read, elder; Sister Evie 
Booth, Messenger agent; the writer, clerk and correspondent. The 
church decided to take a free-will offering at regular services. We 
enjoyed very much having with us Brethren M. R. Zigler and H. C. 
Eller in a service some time ago. Bro. Roy Sheller ably filled the pul- 
pit Dec. 4 in the absence of our elder. We are putting a new coat of 
paint on our churchhouse and doing some other repairing also. — Lillie 
M. Sumner, Carthage, Va., Dec. 26. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Bachler-Whitmer. — By the undersigned, Dec. 31, 1932, at the home of 
the bride's parents, Geo. R. Bachler and Sister Pauline J. Whitmer, 
both of Minneapolis, Minn. — Amos J. Nickey, Monticello, Minn. 

Caldwell-Breneman. — By the undersigned at his residence on Dec. 30, 
1932, Bro. J. Franklin Caldwell of Mathias, W. Va., and Sister Annie 
L. Breneman of Genoa, Va. — I. Wm. Miller, Broadway, Va. 

Cook-Wakeman. — By the undersigned at his residence, Dec. 30, 1932, 
Bro. Homer S. Cook and Sister Rebecca C. Wakeman, both of Edin- 
burg, Va. — M. L. Huffman, New Market, Va. 

Guthro-Long. — By the undersigned at his residence Dec. 24, 1932, 
Emmett C. Guthro and Lois V. Long, both of Richmond, Va. — L. A. 
Bowman, Richmond, Va. 

Schechter-Ralston. — By the undersigned at the Church of the Breth- 
ren, Lanarft, 111., Dec. 24, 1932, Ray Schechter, son of J. Schechter of 
Worthington, Minn., and Anna K. Ralston, daughter of J. E. Ralston, 
Sheldon, Iowa.— P. F. Eckerle, Lanark, 111. 


Bi-oss, Rebecca, nee Balsbaugh, died at the home of her daughter, 
Sister Mary Gerber in Myerstown, Dec. 13, 1932, aged 74 years. She 
was a member of the Brethren in Christ and led a quiet and exemplary 
Christian life. Quite regularly she came with her daughter to the 
Brethren services. Her husband preceded her a number of years ago. 
' Three daughters, three sons, eighteen grandchildren and two great- 
grandchildren survive. Services at the Union meetinghouse by Eld. 
Henry Kreider and Eld. Michael Kurtz. Burial in the cemetery near 
by. — Alice B. Royer, Myerstown, Pa. 

Cassel, Margaret G., born in Skippack, Pa., died Nov. 16, 1932, aged 
87 years. She married Bro. Samuel M. Cassel in 1876. Her Christian 
life was spent in the Church of the Brethren. She was a friend to both 
young and old. Funeral services at the Skippack church by Bro. 
S. H. Hess. Interment at the Skippack cemetery. — Carrie K. Hoff- 
man, Collegeville, Pa. 

Davis, Pearl Reasy, born June 29, 1896, to D. K. and Harriette Shank 
Reasy, at Havelock, Nebr. She died at her home at Morrill, Kans., 
Dec. 25, 1932. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 1911. 
She married Geo. Davis on April 11, 1918. To this union were born ten 
children. Surviving are her husband, eight children, her father, three 
sisters and a brother. Services by her pastor at the church. Inter- 
ment in the Morrill cemetery. — Paul S. Longenecker, Morrill, Kans. 

Dotterer, Vernon J., died at his home in Union Bridge, Md., Dec. 5, 
1932, of a heart attack, aged 52 years. He was the oldest son of the 
late William and Mary Dotterer. In 1902 he married Alice Hoff. He 
united with the Church of the Brethren in 1914 and was an active 
member the rest of his life. For several years he served as church 
treasurer, and he was a member of the finance board at the time of 
his death. He is survived by his widow, daughter, three brothers and 
two sisters. Funeral services in the Union Bridge church by Eld. 
J. J. John assisted by Brethren Jos. Bowman and Jos. Whitacre. In- 
terment in the Pipe Creek cemetery. — Mrs. C. C. Dickerson, Linwood, 

Enos, Sister Hannah Ohler, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
Roy E. Snyder, near Rockwood, Pa., Jan. 2, 1933, aged 81 years. 
March 16, 1873, she married Emanuel S. Enos who preceded her five 
years ago. She leaves four daughters, nine grandchildren, six great- 
grandchildren and one sister. She united with the Church of the 
Brethren many years ago and lived faithful to the end. Services in 
the Laurel Lutheran church by her pastor, Walter F. Berkebile, as- 
sisted by Rev. V. N. Miller. Burial in the cemetery near by. — Reuben 
Klink, Somerset, Pa. 

Evick, Martin Armstrong, son of James E. and Margaret J. Evick, 
was born in Allen County, Ohio, died Dec. 31, 1932, aged 68 years, 11 
months and 28 days. He united with the Church of the Brethren forty 
years ago and lived a true devoted life. He served in the deacon's 
office for twenty-nine years, also taught a Sunday-school class for 
several years. He leaves one sister with whom he lived for many 
years. Funeral services by Eld. J. L. Guthrie in the Christian church 
at La Fayette. Interment in the La Fayette cemetery. — J. L. Guthrie, 
La Fayette, Ohio. 

Fishburn, Franklin, son of Alfred and Sarah Fishburn, was born in 
Douglas County, Kans., Oct. 7, 1871. He was the youngest of nine 
children. He was united in marriage with Christcna Belle Barton, of 
Lone Star, Kans., Jan. 2, 1895. To this union four children were 
born. It was during a revival meeting conducted by Eld. George 
Manon in 1906 that he was converted and united with the Church of the 
Brethren. Two years later he was chosen to the office of deacon in 

which capacity he served faithfully until the close of life. Nine years 
ago he had an attack of the flu which finally developed into bron- 
chial asthma. He quietly and peacefully slipped away on the morning 
of Dec. 27, 1932, at his home near Lone Star. He is survived by his 
companion, four children, eight grandchildren, three brothers and one 
sister. Funeral services by the undersigned (a nephew), assisted by 
Brethren L. H. Griffith and L. A. Whittaker, at the Washington 
Creek church. Interment in the cemetery near by.— W. A. Kinzie, 
Navarre, Kans. 

Gardner, Smith Thomas, born April 9, 1864, died Nov. 9, 1932, of 
heart trouble. He was a native of Albemarle County, Va., a son of 
Brown Gardner. He came to Rockingham County, Va., at the age of 
twenty and since had resided near Goods Mill. He joined the Church 
of the Brethren at the age of twenty and ever since lived a faithful, 
devoted Christian life. He married Lucy Nickter July 12, 1885. To 
this union were born two daughters and three sons. He is survived 
by his wife, three sons, daughter, twenty-one grandchildren, a sister, 
half sister and a half brother. Funeral services at Mill Creek church 
by C. E. Long. Interment in the cemetery beside the church.— Mrs. 
I. J. Long, Port Republic, Va. 

Green, Mary E., wife of Andrew Green, was born in Grant County, 
Ind., Sept. 24, 1861, died being 71 years and 3 months old. She united 
with the Church of the Brethren when eighteen years of age and was a 
faithful member. She was the mother of six children, two preceding 
her in death. Her health had been failing for the past two years and 
she was bedfast since May with paralysis. Funeral services by J. E. 
Smeltzer in the West Manchester church and burial in the cemetery 
near by. — Mrs. J. E. Smeltzer, North Manchester, Ind. 

Herriott, Ora Edith Eavey, born Sept. 22, 1891, died at her home in 
Garden City, Kans., of double pneumonia, Dec. 25, 1932. She united 
with the Church of the Brethren when she was eighteen years old and 
had lived consistently true to her Lord and to the church. She was 
graduated from Messiah Bible College, Grantham, Pa., and McPher- 
son College. She also attended normal school and Moody Bible Insti- 
tute. She taught school four years and served faithfully in the church. 
She married Ivan W. Herriott in June, 1928. Surviving are her hus- 
band, daughter, mother, brother and two sisters. Services by the 
undersigned assisted by Rev. F. A. Whittlesey. Interment in the 
family lot in the Morrill cemetery. — Paul S. Longenecker, Morrill, 

King, Sister Catherine Rebecca, aged 80 years, died at her home in 
Waynesboro, Nov. 6, 1932, of heart asthma. She was the daughter of 
George and Catherine (Feighley) Wise. She was a member of the 
Prices Church of the Brethren for nearly fifty years. She is survived 
by two sons and six daughters. Services at the home by M. C. Val- 
entine assisted by C. R. Oellig. Burial in Green Hill cemetery. — 
Pearl Chamberlin, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Kline, Sister Eliza, nee Porter, died at the home of her son, Bro. 
Wallace Kline, in Myerstown, Dec. 21, 1932, aged 87 years. She had 
been a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren many years. 
Her husband, Bro. Levi Kline, preceded her eighteen years ago. Two 
sons survive with fourteen grandchildren, two great-grandchildren and 
one sister. Services in the Myerstown house by Elders E. M. Wenger 
and Harvey W. Frantz. Interment in the cemetery at Frystown. — 
Alice B. Royer, Myerstown, Pa. 

Mull, Sister Lydia, daughter of Amos and Fanny Miller, was born 
Aug. 16, 1851, and died July 21, 1932. Her husband preceded her many 
years ago. She is survived by three daughters and one son, nineteen 
grandchildren, and four great-grandchildren. Her Christian life was 
spent in the Church of the Brethren, living a loyal and exemplary life. 
She was a subscriber to The Gospel Messenger for many years and 
dearly loved to read her church paper. Funeral services were held at 
the home of her daughter, Mrs. Clarence Snyder, at whose home she 
died. Services were conducted by Brethren Samuel Gearhart and 
Welty Smith. Burial was made in the Price's cemetery. Mother Mull 
was a faithful attendant at church and Sunday-school up to the very 
last and we miss her much. She had been in failing health for sev- 
eral years but her last illness was of just a few days' duration. — Grace 
E. Smith, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Steele, Jacob A., son of Levi and Harriet Weaver Steele, was born 
in Wayne County, Ohio, Dec. 16, 1860, and died July 27, 1932. He 
married Clara May Rudy Dec. 15, 1886. He is survived by his wife 
and four daughters. He was a member of the Church of the Brethren 
and a faithful attendant at all services. He spent the last few years 
in Weilersville, Ohio, after retiring from the farm, but retained an 
active interest in civic affairs; he served the township twelve years 
as trustee. Funeral services in the Paradise Union church by his 
pastor, R. M. Moomaw, assisted by C. H. DeLauter. Interment in 
Crown Hill cemetery, Orrville, Ohio. — Mrs. Miriam Fetter, Weilers- 
ville, Ohio. 

Sterling, Geo. Byron, son of John Hamlin and Jerema Sterling, born 
at Wharton, Ohio, died at his late home in Deshler, Ohio, Jan. 1, 
1933, at the age of 62 years. At an early age he moved with his par- 
ents to a farm near Deshler where he grew to manhood. He attended 
the Deshler high school and later went to college. Oct. 8, 1893, 
he married Sister Elizabeth Dishong. He was a business man in 
Deshler for several years. He leaves his wife, four sons, one daugh- 
ter and one sister. Funeral by the writer assisted by Rev. P. W. 
Lutz in the U. B. church at Deshler. Interment in the McComb cem- 
etery. — J. L. Guthrie, La Fayette, Ohio. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 




BROTHER— Here Is a Page for YOU! 


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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1933 

■^* 4 t $ < M < *'M' , M i »M'> M -» M '»: H 1 ^^^ 

M The Church Grows 

Where the Messenger Goes 

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Into Your Home 

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Boards nor the House, but for you and your home, for the 
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strive to place the MESSENGER into every church home. 

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for Christian service right where you are. 

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tian activity and greater usefulness. 

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world's pressing need, and the church's privilege and duty 
of proclaiming the Gospel to the ends of the earth. 

For 1933 the Editors are planning to give each week 
reading material, workable suggestions, inspirational mes- 
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and church. 

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I just received the Thanksgiving MESSENGER. Thousands will say, with me, that it's a real 
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"spirit" and the men who put out such a fine spiritual paper. — W. G. McFadden, Ohio. 

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I wish to compliment you upon the make-up and contents of the Christmas issue of the MES- 
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the sentiment of the selected article on page two continues the same. The editorials are up to the same 
standard of high truth, and the excellent contributions complete a number of the MESSENGER that any 
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I sure regret to drop out, but can't help it. Some of our crops did not pay for the cutting and threshing. 
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MESSENGER do in such cases? What should the local congregation do? Is there anything you can do? 

Help double the MESSENGER circulation by securing new subscribers 




►5* -I- *v* "^- ■*♦» "I- *-J* -J- »J* -I' *t* -I-* *»* "^ -*»* *!-' »•** *i* ♦** -l- ♦*» -J- rt* "T' *♦» ^f- *J» 'I- **•» "I- *J* -l- *5-" •-I- -*v» -J- »J» -I- ♦*♦ -T- »»♦ -V* ♦»-* •-f' -*»* -T' »J» 'J- *v*^ *-i~" »5* -T- »J» -t^ -»!* w l- **" M*^*!* ' I ' ' I * ' t ' * t"t ' ' F *i 

ospel Messenger 


Vol. 82 

Elgin, III., January 28, 1933 

No. 4 

A Beginners' Class in India. One of the girls from the Practical Arts 
School at Anklesvar, rvith a helper, is in charge of the group. She has dratvn 
them to a flower spot and there is telling them of the care and love of a loving 
heavenly Father. See article on page 6. 



The Only Way (E. F.), 3 

For Your Own Soul's Sake (E. F.), 3 

A Gospel for Those Who Wonder (H. A. B.), 3 

One Goose That Is Dead (H. A. B.), 4 

Kingdom Gleanings, 16 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 17 

General Foruim— 

An Appraisal of Our India Mission (H. S. M.), 5 

The Practical Arts School. By Anna Warstler 6 

Work With the Higher Castes. By G. K. Satvedi, 8 

India's Quest for Social and Political Unity. By C. G. Shull 9 

Women's Work in India. By Sadie J. Miller 11 

News From the Field. By Mary D. Blickenstaff 12 

Showing Our Faith in Missions. By Otho Winger 13 

A Call to Prayer, 20 

Pastor and People — 

The Minister as a Man of God. By H. S. Will 

Appreciating the Ministry. By Florence B. Gibbel, 

Men's Work and the Liquor Problem. By C. H. Dresher, 


Home and Family — 

Questions and an Answer (Poem). By Myra Brooks Welch 18 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime. — No. 5. By Florence S. 

Studebaker 18 

Around the Table 19 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


Olho Winger, Chairman, N. Manchester, Ind. 
J. J. Yoder, Vice-Chairman, McPherson, Kans. 
H. H. Nye, 1631 Mifflin St., Huntingdon, Pa. 
Levi Garst, Salem, Va. 

J. B. Emmert, 2627 4th St., La Verne, Calif. 
J. K. Miller, 2240 Grand Ave., Cedar Rapids, 

B. F. Studebaker, Union, Ohio. 

General Secretary, C. D. Bonsack, Elgin, 111. 
Assistant Secretary, H. Spenser Minnich, El- 
gin, 111. 

Home Mission and Ministerial Secretary. 

M. R. Zigler, Elgin, 111. 
Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp, Elgin, 111. 


Membership and organization of directors 

same as for General Mission Board 
Manager and Treasurer, R. E. Arnold, Elgin, 

Secretary, L. T. Miller, Elgin, 111. 


I*. S>. Ikenberry, Chairman, Daleville, Va. 

L ■»»",'"„ Uav 's. Vice-Chairman, ' 1001* W 

Myrtle St., Independence, Kans. 
H. K. Ober, Elizabethtown, Pa. 
t ™' Shultz > North Manchester, Ind 
J. M. Henry, Bridgewater, Va. 

p ir T *? S t I , e ' 3 1?, S ^ an Buren ' Chicago, 111. 

R. E. Mohler, McPherson, Kans. 

Mrs. R. D. Murphy, Chairman, Women's 

P. G. Stahly, Chairman, Men's Work. 

General Secretary, R. D. Bowman, Elgin 111 

Director of Young People's Work and Treas- 
urer, Dan West, Elgin, 111 

£f C - t0r T,? f Children's Work, Ruth Shriver, 

iilgin, 111. 
Editor, E. G. Hoff, Elgin, HI. 
Assistant Editor, Maud Newcomer, Elgin 111 
Assistant Editor, Edith Barnes, Elgin* 111. ' 

C r' C 4> E i! is * Pre sident, Huntingdon, Pa 
V. F. Schwalm, Vice-President, McPherson, 

J. S. Noffsinger Secretary-Treasurer, 3635 

Ordway St., N. W., Washington, D. C 

i i lj nger /- Secretary of Nursing and Med- 

£ al , Educatlt ». 821 S. Ridgeland Ave., Oak 

rark, 111. 

n-™--£ eters > lm S - ° ak s t-. Champaign, 111 
F r ■£"?'•%* Y^ Buren St - Chicafo/lll 
I' i T Blx i er ' BIue Rld » e College. a. Bowman, Bridgewater-Daleville. 
£' ^V S ,? hl ° sser - Elizabethtown College. 

C. C. Ellis, Juniata College. 

EM. Studebaker, La Verne College. 
Otho Winger, Manchester College. 
V. F. Schwalm, McPherson College. 


H. L. Hartsough, Chairman, N. Manchester. 

Paul H. Bowman, Vice-Chairman, Bridge- 
water, Va. 6 
W. H. Yoder, Treasurer, R. 1, Waterloo, la. 
M^J. Brougher, 554 Stanton St., Greensburg, 

S. J. Miller, 2017 Sth St., La Verne, Calif. 
S? 1 % Mission * nd Ministerial Secretary, 
M. R. Zigler, Elgin, 111. *' 


James M. Moore, Chairman, 3560 Congress, 
Chicago, HI. B ' 

?• w - Schlosser, Secretary, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

A. R. Coffman, Girard, III. 

C v, D : Bonsack, Moderator Annual Meeting, 
Elgin, 111. 6 ' 

J- E : M T '!J er ' Secretary of Annual Meeting, 
Elgin, 111. 6 ' 


J. W. Lear, Chicago, III. 

C. E. Davis, Independence, Kans. 

Paul H. Bowman, Bridgewater, Va. 

Chairman, J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kans. 

Vice-Chairman, P. H. Bowman, Bridgewater, 

Recording Secretary, J. S. Noffsinger, 3635 
Ordway St., N. W., Washington, D. C 

Executive Secretary, J. W. Lear, Elgin, 111. 

Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp, Elgin, 111. 


Mrs. R. D. Murphy, Chairman, 2260 N. Park 
Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mrs. H. L. Hartsough, Sisters' Aid, N. Man- 
chester, Ind. 

Mrs. Laura Gwin Swadley, Bible Study, R. 4, 
Johnson City, Tenn. 

Nora M. Rhodes, Missions, Dallas Center, la. 

Mrs. J. Z. Gilbert, Mothers and Daughters, 
3300 N. Griffin Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Ruth Shriver, Children's Work, Elgin, 111. 

Mrs. E. C. Bixler, Peace, New Windsor, Md. 

Eva Trostle, Temperance and Simple Life, 
3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Mrs. Lucille Sherck West, Office Secretary- 
Treasurer, Elgin, 111. 


P. G. Stahly, President, South Bend, Ind. 

Dr. O. G. Brubaker, First Vice-President, 
North Manchester, Ind. 

C. C. Hawbaker, Second Vice-President, South 
Bend, Ind. 

Levi Minnich, Third Vice-President, Green- 
ville, Ohio. 

C. M. Culp, Recording Secretary, Elgin, 111. 

Dan West, Treasurer, Elgin, 111. 

G. A. Cassel, Ashland, Ohio. 

L. C. Moomaw, Roanoke, Va. 

J. Herbert Miller, Baltimore. Md. 

L. M. Davenport, Los Angeles, Calif. 

J. K. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

B. F. Stauffer, Rocky Ford, Colo. 
Clifford Dresher, McPherson, Kans. 
Ross Heminger, Wenatchee, Wash. 
E. G. Bowman, Greensburg, Pa. 

R. E. Mohler, Executive Secretary, McPher- 
son, Kans. 


J. Clyde Forney, President, 1523 Miami St., 
South Bend, Ind. 

Ross D. Murphy, Vice-President, 2260 N. Park 
Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

C. G. Hesse, Secretary-Treasurer, 720 Loudon 
Ave., Roanoke, Va. 


E. M. Butterbaugh, 526 E. Indiana Ave., 

South Bend, Ind. 
J. J. Oiler, Waynesboro, Pa. 


E. J. Stauffer, Mulberry Grove, 111. 


M. C. Swigart, 1611 Germantown Ave., Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. 


J. F. Appleman, Plymouth, Ind. 


Supported in whole or in part by funds ad- 
ministered by the General Mission Board with 
the year they entered service. 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our 
foreign missionaries is 5c for each ounce or 
fraction thereof and 3c for each additional 
ounce or fraction. 

Industrial School, Geer, Va. 

Hersch, Orville, and Mabel, 1925. 
Kline, Alvin, and Edna, 1919. 
Knight, Henry, March, Va., 1928. 
Wampler, Nelie, 1922. 


Graybill, J. F., and Alice, Bergsgaten 45, 

Malmo, Sweden, 1911. 
Norris, Glen E., and Louise, Spangatan 38, 

Malmo, Sweden, 1929. 

Peiping, China, care of College of Chinese 

Wertz, Corda L., 1932. 

Liao Chow, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie, 1911. 

Hutchison, Anna, 1911. 

Oberholtzer, I. E., and Elizabeth, 1916. 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917. 

Senger, Nettie M., 1916. 

Sollenberger, O. C, and Hazel, 1919. 

Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, and Minnie, 1911. 
Crumpacker, F. H, and Anna, 1908. 
Horning, Emma, 1908. 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910. 

Show Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace, 1917. 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924. 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917. 
Smith, W. Harlan, and Frances, 1919. 

Tai Yuan Fu, care Y. M. C. A., Shansi, China 
Ikenberry, E. L., and Olivia, 1922. 
Myers, Minor M., and Sara, 1919. 

Tsinchou, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Ernest M., 1918, and Elizabeth, 1922. 

On Furlough 
Flory, Byron M., and Nora, Bridgewater, Va., 

Flory, Edna, Catawba Sanatorium, Va., 1917. 
Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 410 N. W. 7th 

St., Richmond, Ind., 1917. 
Shock, Laura, University of Chicago, care ol 

Gates Hall, Chicago, 111.. 1916. 

Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa, via Jos 

Beahm, Wm. M., and Esther, 1924. 
Bosler, Dr. Howard A., and Edith, 1931. 
Helser, Albert D., 1922, and Lola, 1923. 
Moyer, Edna Faye, 1931. 
Royer, Harold A., and Gladys H., 1930. 
Utz, Ruth, 1930. 

Lassa, via Maiduguri, Nigeria, West Africa 
Burke, Dr. Homer L., and Marguerite, 1923. 
Horn, Evelyn J., 1930. 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922, and Christina, 1927. 

Marama, via Damatura, Nigeria, West Africa 
Bittinger, Desmond, and Irene Frantz, 1930. 
Heckman, Clarence C. and Lucile, 1924. 

On Furlough 

Harper, Clara, Ashland, Ohio, 1926. 
Robertson, Bertha C, Sidney, 111., % Mrs. A. 

R. Block, 1924. 
Rupel, Paul, and Naomi, Stanley, Va., % 

H. E. Wakeman, 1929. 
Schechter, Elnora, R. 2, Worthington, Minn., 



Ahwa, Dangs, Surat Dist., India 
Bollinger, Amsey, and Florence M., 1930. 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917. 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913. 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Glessner, Ruth Lucille, 1931. 

Lichty, D. J., 1902, and Anna, 1912. 

Moomaw, I. W., and Mabel, 1923. 

Shickel, Elsie N., 1921. 

Warstler, Anna M., 1931. 

Ziegler, Edward K., and Ilda, 1931. 

Ziegler, Emma K., 1930. 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and Mary, 1920. 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and Laura, 1913. 
Fox, Dr. J. W., and Besse, 1929. 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910. 

Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919. 
Messer, Hazel E., 1931. 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 1915. 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916. 

Jalalpor, Surat District, India 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903. 
Mow, Baxter M., and Anna B., 1923. 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., and Hattie, 1917. 

Umalla, Broach Dist., India 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919, and Mae W., 1922. 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Shull, Chalmer, and Mary, 1919. 

Vyara, Surat, India 
Blough, J. M., and Anna, 1903. 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912. 

Woodstock School, Landour, Mussoorie, U. 
P., India 
Stoner, Susan L., 1927. 

On Furlough 

Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth, 3612 University 

Ave., Los Angeles, Calif., 1924. 
Garner, H. P., and Kathryn, 164 N. Prairie 

St., Batavia, 111., 1916. 
Grisso, Lillian, 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 

111., 1917. 
Mohler, Jennie, 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 

111., 1916. 
Mow, Anetta, care of General Mission Board, 

Elgin, 111., 1917. 
Ziegler, Kathryn, Limerick, Pa., 1908. 




H. A. BRANDT— Assistant Editor 

Vol. 82 

Elgin, 111., January 28, 1933 

No. 4 


The Only Way 

Once people labored and were heavy laden. They 
were weighted down by burdens too grievous to be 
borne. Jesus saw them. He pitied them. He knew 
what would relieve them. He told them to come to 
him and get it. 

The centuries since then have changed neither need 
nor cure. The Master's words seem meant for bur- 
dened lives today. They are. They were spoken for 
just such a time as this. For you and me. And mil- 
lions like us. 

How wonderfully good they are. They are so un- 
qualifiedly sure. He will give rest. Here is certainty. 
Here is peace. Here is light and life and poise and 

Because here is perfect love and trust, love for one's 
brother man and trust in one's Father God. e. f. 

For Your Own Soul's Sake 

One of the unfortunate things about depressions is 
that the necessary relief work tends to make some peo- 
ple lose the grace of gratitude. Persons who receive 
much may take it as a matter of course, until they for- 
get to be thankful. This acts unfavorably on the char- 

A young woman owes a family for her board. The 
family graciously helped her in a time of need by tak- 
ing her in, allowing time for payment. It is a pity that 
the sense of obligation is not strong enough in her .to 
cause her to write a letter of appreciation and regret, 
renewing her promise to pay as soon as she can. That 
sense of obligation and gratitude should be kept alive 
for her own sake. 

Are you keeping your sense of obligation and grati- 
tude to God alive and active? You have not paid him 
what you owe him for favors received. You can do 
this only by passing your blessings along to others of 

his children. Are you doing what you can? And do 
you thank him often and tell him often that you will 
pay more as soon as you can? e. f. 

A Gospel for Those Who Wonder 

Eighth in a Series on New Testament Preaching 

The unusual is sure to command attention. That is 
why wonder seized temple worshipers on a certain eve- 
ning long ago. In this case the unusual was provided 
by a cripple, whom old acquaintances discovered walk- 
ing, leaping and praising God. To see such a one, a 
born cripple, thus cavorting about was indeed a matter 
for wonder. Amazed, temple worshipers paused to see 
for themselves, or to discuss the surprise of the day. 

As for the former cripple, he was quite beside him- 
self with joy as he tested his newly found strength. 
Not content to walk, he leaped in an ecstasy of happi- 
ness, all the while praising God for the healing which 
had come to him. And naturally more and more people 
stopped and wondered. The crowd swelled rapidly. 

One can imagine that the healed man's actions soon 
became a bit embarrassing to Peter and John. It was 
not that they regretted helping the man, but his excite- 
ment was proving contagious. A crowd was gathering. 
And the disciples knew that crowds are not always 
amenable to reason, that very unexpected things can 
happen when excited people get together. 

Apparently Peter and John tried to move on, to fade 
out of the picture. But the healed man would not have 
it so. He seized and held the disciples, proclaiming 
them his benefactors. Naturally the evening temple 
crowd was filled with amazement " and ran together 
unto them in the porch that is called Solomon's, greatly 

Now Peter saw that most anything might happen. 
He knew that something needed to be done to quiet and 
control the people. He began with disarming ques- 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, General Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

tions : " Why marvel ye at this man ? or why fasten ye 
your eyes on us, as though by our own power or godli- 
ness we had made him to walk?" But those who had 
known the man as a cripple from birth were not eased. 
They knew that something unsual had happened. They 
were amazed and wondered. Meanwhile they pressed 
closer, many of them doubtless thinking of their own 
ills, or how to bring some sick relative near enough to 
touch these two wonder workers. 

But as these ideas began forming in their minds, 
Peter launched boldly into an extemporaneous sermon, 
roughly along the lines of the speech used so effectively 
on the Day of Pentecost. He sketched the story of 
Jesus' life, stressing his sufferings, death and resurrec- 
tion. He drove home the point that they were of the 
crowd who had forced Pilate to deliver the Christ to be 
crucified. Yet it was through faith in this Holy One, 
so Peter declared, that healing had come to the cripple 
in their midst. 

Peter saw that his words were effective with those 
who had paused to see and remained to wonder. 
Through the open door of their surprise he drove his 
dramatic facts and his telling logic. He was soon ap- 
pealing for action : " Repent ye therefore, and turn 
again, that your sins may be blotted out." And so he 
urged the claims of Christ with power. One may well 
believe that many of the common people in the crowd 
began to feel the pangs of real conviction. 

And yet there were inscrutable faces in the crowd — 
the stony faces of men unmoved. Peter saw these gath- 
ering in significant groups and knew they were of the 
Sadducees. And what he saw boded no good. Per- 
haps this is why he began to say : 

" Moses indeed said, A prophet shall the Lord God 
raise up unto you from among your brethren." But 
did this appeal to a great leader of the past register with 
the sober- faced men edging forward through the 
crowd ? 

" Yea and all the prophets from Samuel and them 
that followed after, as many as have spoken, they also 
told of these days. Ye are the sons of the prophets, and 
of the covenant which God made with your fathers, 
saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the 
families of the earth be blessed." 

Here was such an appeal as the Sadducees might ac- 
cept. But would they ? The men who refused to won- 
der drew closer. What was in their hearts ? 

One may well suspect that they reasoned it would 
not be wise to risk an argument with the Galilean who 
had turned the tables so brilliantly on Pentecost. As 
leaders of the people, they could not afford another 
such debacle, or their power would be overthrown. 
There was a more effective way to deal with this inciter 

to wonder. It was by way of the hard thrust of the 
arm of law. The leaders were edging closer. 

Peter flung out a final appeal : " Unto you first 
God, having raised up his Servant, sent him to bless 
you, in turning away every one of you from your in- 
iquities." To those whose minds had been opened by 
wonder, it seemed that Peter was bringing a logical and 
gracious message. But to the priests and the Sad- 
ducees the doctrines of this Galilean were anathema. 
Even as Peter was speaking, he and John were seized 
and put in ward until the morrow. Might had put an 
end to Peter's sermon to men who paused to wonder. 

And yet, not quite, for " many of them that heard 
the word believed ; and the number of men came to be 
about five thousand." In the minds of many the words 
of Peter stuck, and in the hearts of many they worked 
like leaven. 

Perhaps strangest of all, was the fact that the rulers, 
elders and scribes soon found Peter and John more 
than they had bargained for. When they tried to ex- 
amine them, Peter began all over again with that dev- 
astating Pentecost sermon, of course adapted to the 
special needs of the priests and rulers ! And what with 
the healing of the cripple and all it was soon clear that 
Peter and John had the best of the encounter. They 
were released with the threat that they must go easy ! 

Such in outline is the story of Peter's sermon to those 
who were moved to wonder. And from it the Spirit- 
filled minister may learn that there is an open door to 
the minds and hearts of those who wonder. Such may 
seem to be casual and unpromising prospects, but if a 
pointed and sincere message is given many will believe. 
The gospel, as Peter preached it to those who won- 
dered, was the convincing story of the life of Christ as 
he had seen it lived. It was a frank recital of things 
he believed, and he demanded the same intellectual hon- 
esty of those who wondered. And he must have gotten 
this, for " the number of the men came to be about five 
thousand." h. a. b. 

One Goose That Is Dead 

Thanks to three-cent stamps and the increasing 
pressure of depression days, many business concerns 
are learning to save postage money. Thus it is said 
that certain large Chicago department stores are saving 
thousands of dollars per month by delivery methods 
which eliminate the stamp. 

Apparently extravagant governmental methods have 
killed one goose, for the head of a big Chicago store 
says : " We have cut the cost of delivering bills and 
statements in half and we wouldn't go back to the old 
system if they put the postage rate back to two cents." 

H. A. B. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


An Appraisal of Our India Mission 

We have been at work in India since 1894. There- 
fore it is timely to appraise the work and results of our 
labors there. We can not make a complete appraisal 
because the aspects of the work are too numerous and 
even unknown. Space would not permit a complete ap- 
praisal. Furthermore, the results are not all in. The 
centuries ahead will reveal what our work means to In- 
dia and to the world. 

Personal Example 

Perhaps the most outstanding contribution of our 
missionaries is not what they have done, but what they 
are. They have tried to be what Christ would have 
them be. They loved all castes, even outcastes. They 
stood for a square deal. They hungered for the abun- 
dant life of all the people. They sacrificed their own 
comforts for the Indian people. When money was 
short and it was necessary to reduce expenditures the 
missionaries plead with the Mission Board that some of 
the reductions be made in their supports and not all on 
the Indian workers. The missionaries have been per- 
sonal examples in home life, the relationships between 
husbands and wives, between parents and children. 
Their homes are clean, the food well prepared and an 
example to the Indian people. 

Witnessing for Christ 

The basic motive of every true missionary is to wit- 
ness for Christ. He is the revelation of what God is 
and of what man through him may become. By being 
true to this major premise our workers have made 
known to Indian people, God as Father, perfect and in- 
finite in love and righteousness. By contrasting this 
concept with the idolatrous religion of the Hindu, or 
with the degraded form of most religions in India, the 
missionary has given new perspective and joy in living. 

Ministers of Health 

Our missionaries went to a land where by far the ma- 
jority of children died before reaching their first birth- 
day. A mother could be more certain that her child 
would die than that he would live. The simple country 
people were ignorant of the modern discoveries in 
health, sanitation and medicine that we enjoy. But the 
missionaries, emulating the example of Christ, went 
about healing the children. Many, although not bearing 
M. D. degrees, helped the people rid themselves of 
tropical ulcers, malaria, and plague. Through the min- 
istry of our skilled doctors and nurses, the people have 
enjoyed a measure of health vastly superior to their 
brethren living in the jungles. And these health attain- 

ments are permanent, considering that much teaching in 
self help in hygiene and sanitation has been given. 

Windows of the Mind Opened 

Think of the millions of India — with less than 5% 
able to read ! Here are millions of backward, illiterate 
children whose soul enrichment is hindered because of 
untrained minds. But the missionaries, faithful to the 
divine commission to " teach," have enrolled thousands 
and thousands of these Indian boys and girls. And the 
education given them is of a thorough sort. It is more 
than the three R's. It is a training of the mind, heart 
and hand. The British government regards it so highly 
that it pays a substantial portion of the expense of our 
mission schools. The government has sent officials to 
our schools to observe our improved methods and has 
passed these ideas along to other schools in India. 

The Uplift of Women 

Women of India have come a long way from the time 
(1799) when Wm. Carey first witnessed the burning of 
a widow at the funeral pyre of her husband. Women 
traditionally were regarded as inferior to their hus- 
bands. Our missionaries had difficulty at first enrolling 
any girls in school. It was thought to be preposterous 
to waste money trying to educate girls. Their place 
was to do the work, the cooking and to bear the babies. 
Today the Christian family has become a great ideal in 
Indian life. In our Indian Christian membership there 
are hundreds of families where the women and children 
have a new outlook on life. See the picture of Elder 
Satvedi and family on page 8. 

Freedom from Caste 

Whether right or wrong, our missionaries have 
worked mostly among low caste people — among the 
despised outcastes. The outcastes are supposed to be 
soulless and to have no place in the religious or cultural 
life of the country. Now thousands of members from 
lowly stations in life stand as witnesses of the power of 
the gospel and as the fruits of missionary endeavor. 
We have a number of very exemplary ministers and 
elders. For example, read the article by Elder Satvedi 
in this issue. We challenge our American Messenger 
correspondents to write a brief article that has more 
profound truth stated in such a readable and direct 
fashion. Bro. Satvedi comes from one of the lower 
castes of India and men like him are a revelation to the 
community of what the whole gospel can do to a man 
regardless of his caste. 

The New India Church 

You may have wondered if and when there will be 
an Indian church able to stand without help from the 

(Continued on Page 13) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

The Practical Arts School 


When we were coming to India last fall, there was 
an English missionary on the boat, who was returning 
to her work in this country. One afternoon in a group 
meeting she told us of her work and said that one of the 
greatest needs of India is to bring the womanhood of 
that great land into her own. And since arriving here 
that statement has been verified many times for super- 
stition and ignorance are truly her masters. There are 
already many efforts being put forth to overcome this 
condition. The government is providing educational 
opportunities for the girls in some towns and villages, 
but in many cases the old stereotyped curriculum is fol- 
lowed, which stresses the three R's, and lays much em- 
phasis on empty memory work. There is a crying de- 
mand that the woman of India should know how to 
think and to apply her knowledge to meet the various 
needs of her home and village. 

With this need in mind, the daily program of study, 
work, religious development and recreation has been 
developed in the School of Practical Arts at Anklesvar. 
It is with the idea that education is living and that we 
educate by means of experiences, that we approach the 
work of caring for the growth and development of a 
small number of India's girls. Therefore every effort 
is put forth to provide a practical training for them. 
While we want to think of all the phases of our pro- 
gram as a unit, all dependent upon one another and in- 
terwoven for the sake of the larger aims of developing 
Christian character and the desire for Christian service, 
yet in this article we will briefly discuss our work under 
the divisions, " Hostel " and " School." 

In the School of Practical Arts those girls are ad- 
mitted who have completed the sixth standard. This 
compares favorably with the seventh grade in America. 
The girls come from a number of villages and live here 
on the compound throughout the year. So in order to 
maintain as much as possible the village mode of living 
and at the same time' introduce some factors for im- 
provement in living conditions, the hostel is organized 
on the cottage system plan. The cottages in which the 
girls live have been built on the plan of a native home 
and contain only the equipment which is in an ordinary 
village home. The girls take turns in caring for the 
household duties. One of the tasks is to prepare the 
daily food. This consists of grinding their grain daily 
on a native stone and in making their own ordinary 
food. They also buy their own foodstuffs in the ba- 
zaar, and keep an accurate account of all the money. 
Thus they learn how to buy economically and wisely. 
Cleanliness in all of its phases is insisted upon. Pride 
in caring for their homes and surroundings is en- 
couraged and ability to live together harmoniously is no 

Girls Buying Their Food in the Bazaar 

mean goal. According to Indian custom that women 
draw water at the wells, the girls take turns in carry- 
ing water from the compound well. It is true that it 
could be gotten more easily through the tap that regu- 
lates the irrigation system, but the girls will not have 
that in their villages, so why use it here? It is some- 
times true that unless they continue to perform duties 
according to village customs they rebel at such practice 
when they return to their communities. 

Laundering is interesting here. It is a common scene 
in India to see "your clothes washed while you wait." 
The process is very simple, for the native goes to the 
river, removes a part of his clothes, washes them in the 
stream, lays them out on the ground to dry, puts them 
on again and goes his way. The girls have generally 
come from such an environment and will return to it, in 
most cases, so laundry arrangements comparable to the 
above have been provided for them. However, we en- 
courage our girls to use soap. 

Just as an important part of their home life, as any 
mentioned above or any other phase not mentioned 
here, is the opportunity for family worship. Each eve- 
ning after the vessels are washed the girls gather in a 
circle on the floor and have evening prayers. They take 
turns in conducting the little informal service. No 
doubt this experience not only serves them in their daily 
spiritual life but will help them to see the need and 
beauty of family worship in their own homes. 

Only a few of the activities in the maintenance of 
what might be termed the home life of the girls have 
been mentioned, but from these you will get an idea of 
their program. And now as we turn to the school phase 
we want to continue to think of their development in 
the light of " life, activity and growth." 

Throughout the years, since the organization of the 
school, the missionaries with the help of the Indian 
brethren have striven to develop a very practical course 
of study. At present the subjects pursued in the two 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

1 ^i 


important part in the curriculum of the School of Prac- 
tical Arts yet there is a greater emphasis placed upon 
them today. 

Sarasvatibai and Her Nursing Class 

years' course fall under the following heads — Religious 
Education, Education, Health, Home Economics, In- 
dustries and Community Life. 

In Religious Education there are courses in the Bible, 
Sunday-school Teacher Training, Story Telling, Child 
Psychology and Handwork. As a practical side of their 
study the girls go out in the villages to give programs of 
songs, scripture and prayer. They also do some visita- 
tion. Occasionally they visit village Sunday-schools 
and services in order that they may come in contact 
with actual village conditions. Then these situations 
are discussed in class periods. One of the girls who 
has taken this course was asked recently to teach a class 
of Beginners. At first she hesitated to accept and then 
she agreed to try. It was surprising to discover her 
originality and interest. (See cover page.) 

Scores of underfed babies, sore eyes, the itch and nu- 
merous other skin diseases, besides many deformities in 
body, and the filthy villages that lend every opportunity 
for breeding diseases, certainly demand attention. And 
a girl who is to be a member of a community ought to 
be able to care for her own household under such en- 
vironment, as well as be able to perform her Christian 
duty in that community. Therefore the health courses 
are made as practical as possible. Perhaps you would 
be interested in seeing Benjamin Masterin with a group 
of girls pouring kerosene in a hole and discussing the 
need and possibility of ridding the communities of such 
spots. And I am very sure that you would like to see. 
our lovely Indian nurse Sarasvatibai giving a wee baby 
a bath in the presence of her class. The girls enjoy the 
demonstration and appreciate the information much 
more than the youngster does, as you may suppose. 

The industrial phase of the curriculum is worthy of 
notice, especially since there is so much stress being 
laid upon it in India at the present time. " Poverty and 
need make themselves evident on every hand when one 
goes among the village people of rural India," says D. 
S. Hatcher. While industries have always played an 

3t_ HMM^M 






Ok ■ feSS^^ ™ 



Learning to Make Rope 

At present the girls are weaving carpet on handmade 
looms. This contrivance is very crude but it fits the 
present need of the people. A course in rope-making 
has already been introduced, and it is interesting to note 
that the man who taught this work was our farmer and 
general man. Recently also the man who was doing 
some whitewashing on our compound helped the girls 
to make whitewash brushes. There are many other 
brushes and brooms which they will learn to make. It 
is planned that many of the grasses, bushes and trees 
will be utilized in the making of mats, rugs, winnowing 
baskets, and many other articles useful to the natives. 

At present we have one Christian girl from a fishing 
village. She is the only Christian in that place, so we 
feel that she ought to be able to do much good for the 
kingdom there. She will help the girls to learn to make 
fish nets, for which article there will be a ready market. 
These industries as well as others being introduced and 
developed seem to be those which may be most easily 
and profitably encouraged at this time. 

Learning to Plant Flowers 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

Another part of our work program is gardening. I 
am sure that you would enjoy seeing the girls at work 
in their cotton, corn or vegetable plots. They plant 
various crops and use what they can in their cottages. 
Then any profit which comes over and above their needs 
goes toward their cottage budgets. Just tonight we mis- 
sionaries are going to eat lettuce grown in the school 
garden. The girls also do some work in flower garden- 
ing. The aim of this phase of the program is to teach 
them how to bring a little beauty into their bare sur- 

Only a few of the many activities taking place on the 
compound have been mentioned, but these are typical of 
the work done here. Perhaps a school program as out- 
lined, along with other details, may appear to some of 
you as being somewhat estranged to the general notion 
of mission work. But it is the belief of those who have 
the work in charge that by means of contacts and expe- 
riences, such as can be provided in our school communi- 
ty, that the girls will learn how to love each other, how 
to serve, how to work, and how to enjoy life as a Chris- 
tian ought. Will you pray for us as we strive to de- 
velop Christian character in the girls who come to us? 

Anklesvar, India. 

Work With the Higher Castes 


Note: It was our thought that Elder Satvedi would 
share with Messenger readers some of the remarkable expe- 
riences he personally has had in leading high-caste people in- 
to fellowship with Christ. In his very modest way he has 
told us in this article of great things that have happened, and 
of principles that have grown out of his own rich experience. 
—E. K. Z. 

I have been asked to write an article on, " How we 
work with high-caste people." It is not a question of 

This picture of Eld. G. K. 
Satvedi and family was first 
used in the Missionary Visitor a 
few years ago. Of course it 
does not do justice to the chil- 
dren shown, and perhaps not to 
the parents as they are today. 
But it does serve to give a per- 
sonal touch to the splendid ar- 
ticle Bro. Satvedi has written 
on Work With Higher Castes. 
His points are simply and clear- 
ly stated. But do not let this 
obscure the fact that they are 
fundamental, applying in Amer- 
ica as well as in India. 

method, but of abiding principles. Our Lord Jesus 
himself worked with people in various ways. In all his 
ways, you will find no particular method except that of 
glad and free sharing of his own experience of God and 

Imparting knowledge of the Christian religion is not 
the way of approach to any class of people. I do not 
mean that knowledge is not needed, but mere knowl- 
edge untested by life is never effective in evangelizing 
people. One can convince the minds of people by his 
arguments, but never win their hearts. On the con- 
trary, sometimes it creates enmity, and pushes a person 
away from Christ. 

But experience of the truth brings a person to his 
knees and makes him loyal to Christ, when it is lovingly 
shared. For instance, a few weeks ago, some non- 
Christians were present at our morning prayer meeting 
at the dispensary. When the prayer was over, one of 
them— a college graduate — came to me and said : " I 
studied Bible in college, and thought I knew all about 
God and Christ. I knew that there is God, but I never 
realized his presence until today. I really felt the pres- 
ence of God here. Hereafter, I will always attend the 
prayer meeting whenever I happen to be here." 

Many non-Christians speak very highly of Christ in 
private and in public meetings. It is not because of 
knowledge about Christ, but rather because of his ex- 
perience and dealings with God, truth, and mankind. 
Everyone will appreciate the sharing of one's own ex- 
perience, and will realize that he may have the same 
privilege if he wants it. 

Testimony of actual experience makes a person hun- 
gry for realization of truth, and creates an appetite for 
the same kind of experience. For instance, not long 
ago, an educated family had been to the dispensary. We 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

had been talking to them about Christ and Christianity. 
Of course, they were discussing these questions willing- 
ly and gladly. But it was a quite different thing when 
they heard of real Christian experience. Their hearts 
were touched. On one occasion when their young 
daughter was very ill, and quite unconscious for some 
time, I asked the mother whether she believed in prayer. 
She said she did. Then we prayed together, and as 
soon as the prayer was over, the girl opened her eyes 
and said : " God has come to me and told me to get 
up!" This experience touched their hearts still deeper. 
After a day or two, one of the family asked me for a 
sample or formula for prayer. He was told that there 
is nothing of that sort except pouring out the heart be- 
fore God and completely trusting him. After that, they 
frequently asked for prayer for themselves. I believe 
that such sharing of Christian experience is the only 
vital way to touch one's heart. 

Argument and debate is never pleasing. It creates 
the desire for more knowledge to be used in defeating 
the opposite party. The truthfulness of Christianity is 
not to be spoken, but to be demonstrated. Once a gen- 
tleman spoke very bitter things about Christianity, try- 
ing to make the preacher angry. But he neither got an- 
gry, nor reviled his persecutor's religion. He simply 
prayed for him. No sooner had he left the preacher 
than he was touched by the divine power. He came 
back asked for forgiveness, and until this day he is a 
man of prayer, a follower of Christ, though he is not 

Prayer brings revival, we all know that. So every 
word of testimony must go out through the channel of 
prayer in order to make it a success. Prayer is the final 
resource, and the greatest source of power. Let us re- 
member that in all our service for God, he desires to 
work through us. We should let him have his way in 
our lives, learning his will through prayer, and gaining 
power from him through prayer. Then we may feel 
his power, working in and through us. 

Bulsar, India. 

India's Quest for Social and Political Unity 

I. Receiving Untouchables 

Some time ago there appeared an article in a leading 
American magazine entitled, " Where Shall a Negro 
Get Sick?" The author, wife of the President of a 
leading Southern university, told from personal ob- 
servation and knowledge of Negroes hurt in accidents 
who had later died, but whose lives might have been 
saved had the nearest hospitals and doctors been will- 
ing to care for them. The Jim Crow cars, the separate 
hospitals, hotels and restaurants suffered by the Negro 
in some sections of the United States constitute the 

nearest approach in America to India's terrible crime 
against one-fifth of her population, the so-called un- 
touchables. The crime of untouchability in India is de- 
scribed by Mahatma Gandhi in the following words : 

" It is well to remind ourselves of what wrongs we 
have heaped upon the devoted heads of the untoucha- 
bles. Socially they are lepers. Economically they are 
worse than slaves. Religiously they are denied entrance 
to places we miscall houses of God. They are denied 
the use, on the same terms as the caste men, of public 
roads, public schools, public hospitals, public wells, pub- 
lic taps, public parks and the like, and in some cases 
their approach within a measured distance is a social 
crime and in some other rare enough cases their very 
sight is an offense. They are relegated for their resi- 
dence to the worst quarters of cities and villages where 
they practically get no social services. Caste Hindu 
lawyers and doctors will not serve them as they do oth- 
er members of society. Brahmans will not officiate at 
their religious functions. The wonder is that they are 
at all able to eke out an existence or that they still re- 
main within the Hindu fold. They are too downtrod- 
den to rise in revolt against their suppressors." 

One of our missionary wives recently had an experi- 
ence while traveling illustrating in vivid terms the truth 
of the above statements. An untouchable woman fell 
into the labor of child-birth and not a single passenger 
on the train would lift a hand to help. The missionary 
was called and gladly performed the service of mid- 
wife to the best of her ability in such unfavorable cir- 

But thank God for the signs that such a state of af- 
fairs will not continue indefinitely. There would seem 
to be ample evidence that India is on the threshold of 
one of the greatest social revolutions in history. The 
famous fast of Gandhi in Yervada jail near Poona was 
intended, as he said, to arouse the conscience of caste 
Hindus respecting the intolerable wrongs they have 
been inflicting on their untouchable brothers. Gandhi's 
fast has been loudly praised by some as an act of sublime 
sacrifice and penance. It has been just as strongly con- 
demned by others as a method of coercion used to 
secure his ends through a threat of suicide. Whether 
the fast was right or wrong as a method of reform, the 
facts are that its observance marked the beginning of 
an unparalleled agitation for the removal of this terrible 
curse. On this point The National Christian Council 
Review, official organ of the National Christian Coun- 
cil of India, Burma and Ceylon says : " What has hap- 
pened is, we believe, a genuine uprising of moral indig- 
nation against an iniquity that has defied the march of 
time and the march of civilization. It is a demand that 
untouchability must go, and an affirmation that to speed 
its going men and women are prepared to suffer and 
even die." 

The daily and weekly papers are now bringing nu- 
merous reports from all sections of India of efforts be- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

ing made to better the condition of the untouchables. 
However, let no one think that there is no opposition 
and that the task is easy or will be quickly accom- 
plished. Ancient customs and religious prejudices die 
very hard. A missionary making inquiry among the 
people of his village soon discovers two classes of Hin- 
dus, the conservatives and the progressives. The pro- 
gressives favor reform but the conservatives insist that 
to admit the untouchables to their temples, to let them 
use the village wells, etc., is contrary to their sacred 
scriptures and of course what their " bible " teaches 
can not be broken. 

It is likely that the most permanent results in this re- 
form will come through the solid work of social reform 
organizations, editors, teachers ; and most of all, 
through the work of the All India Anti-Untouchability 
League which has just been created. This organization 
is raising thousands of dollars to carry on a campaign 
of education on the subject. It bids fair to do for In- 
dia respecting untouchability a service similar to that 
done in America a decade ago by the Anti-Saloon 
League. As the Anti-Saloon League sent its repre- 
sentatives into every church and country town preach- 
ing temperance, so this Anti-Untouchability League 
will preach and teach against this form of caste in In- 
dia. And results will come. Practical suggestions al- 
ready made are that high caste homes should adopt an 
untouchable as a member of the family (Gandhi him- 
self did this years ago), or that a well-to-do high caste 
man should provide funds for educating an untoucha- 
ble boy or girl. 

And what should be the part of the Christian church 
in this movement? Just as the Christian church in 
America can not boast of a totally clean record respect- 
ing the race question, so we must confess that there are 
blots on the pages of India's church history respecting 
caste. But after frankly admitting this fact the inspir- 
ing truth remains that the greatest single force in India 
for the uplift of the untouchables has been the Christian 
church. Even princes of the native states who are tak- 
ing courageous and aggressive steps in reform have ac- 
knowledged the example of missions and churches as 
the source of their inspiration. Every page of this In- 
dia number of The Gospel Messenger could be filled 
with interesting and thrilling accounts of what the 
Christian church has done to help in the uplift of In- 
dia's outcastes. Shall we, then, have any misgivings 
because those who " follow not with us " have joined 
the crusade? God forbid. To quote again from The 
National Christian Council Reviezv: " For this day 
Christians in all ages have prayed and striven, and it 
would be churlish now if we stood aloof or damned the 
movement with faint praise." The missionary and In- 
dian Christian can talk and teach against caste today as 
he never could before. It is the hour of opportunity 

for the Christian church. Let her rejoice in the mani- 
fold workings of God and go forth with the full as- 
surance that the way of Christ is bound to win. 

II. Communal Unity 

Politically, one result of Gandhi's fast was the so- 
called Poona Pact. This provided that instead of the 
untouchables having separate electorates as per the 
award of the Prime Minister, there should be joint 
electorates with a certain number of reserved seats for 
these depressed classes. The number of seats reserved 
for them is much larger than that provided in the com- 
munal award, so these classes have gained greatly by 
the Poona revision. 

Another simultaneous development was the initiation 
of a strong movement to secure unity among the other 
communities of India — Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Parsee 
and Christian. The terms " separate " versus " joint " 
electorates perhaps mean little to some readers of this 
article. Suppose that in the United States, government 
provided that a certain number of seats in congress 
should be reserved for Catholic, and a certain number 
for Protestants. And in addition to this imagine vari- 
ous denominations being allotted so many seats : Presby- 
terians, Baptists, Methodists, etc. And then in a city 
like Chicago various communities such as Jews, Greeks 
and Italians would have their representatives. And then 
at election time one must of course register as a mem- 
ber of his own particular religion or community and 
can vote only for candidates nominated from that con- 
stituency. It can readily be seen that such a system 
would spell disaster to the religious life, liberty union 
and brotherhood of our beloved country. The certain 
result would be to augment religious bigotry, rivalry, 
jealousy and distrust. And yet the communal award 
provides just such an arrangement for India ! Why 
has the Prime Minister made such an award ? Does he 
wish to fasten on India a division which will perpetuate 
an unfitness for Swaraj (self-government) ? Only a 
few extremists think thus. Mr. MacDonald has given 
this award simply because the communities themselves 
could not agree on any system of joint electorates. But 
Mr. MacDonald also specifically said that if the corn- 
Christian Living 

When Gordon Maxwell, a missionary to India, 
asked a Hindu pundit if he would teach him his lan- 
guage, the Hindu pundit replied : " No, sahib, I will 
not teach you my language. You would make me a 
Christian." Gordon Maxwell replied : " You misunder- 
stand me. I simply am asking you if you would teach 
me your language." The Hindu replied : " No, sahib, I 
will not teach you. No man can live with you and not 
become a Christian." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


munities could themselves agree on any system of joint 
electorates, government would accept it. 

With this promise of the Prime Minister before 
them, and a full knowledge of the evil results to the 
country of a separate electorate scheme, it is not sur- 
prising that responsible leaders renewed their efforts 
toward securing unity. A conference was accordingly 
convened at Allahabad at which representatives of the 
Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and Christian communities were 
all present. The road to unity has been a long and 
winding one, but latest reports give hope of an agreed 
alternative. Our chief interest lies in a previous con- 
ference of Christian representatives held in Poona. 
This conference revealed the fact that a minority of the 
Christians favor separate electorates. In some cases 
this is due to personal political ambition or to the pa- 
tronage of government. With others it is the expres- 
sion of a sincere reluctance to place, as it were, the fate 
of the community in the hands of a non-Christian ma- 
jority. The viewpoint of this class is similar to that of 
many sincere Protestants in the United States who 
would find it difficult to trust a Catholic in the White 
House. But a very strong majority of the representa- 
tives of the Christian conference in Poona repudiated 
the idea of separate electorates. They believed that on- 
ly joint electorates are consistent with Christ's doctrine 
of brotherhood. Jesus brought to the world the news 
that all men are sons of a common Father and that in 
him there can be no race, community, or caste. Fur- 
ther, as the Bishop of Dornkal has pointed out, separate 
electorates will act as a disruptive force within the 
Christian church itself. At the primaries each sect 
would be inclined to vote for its own candidate and so 
disruptive forces would be loosened. 

And finally, the greatest reason of all perhaps for the 
Christian opposing separate electorates is that it would 
lead to contests between the church and other communi- 
ties. It would make other communities very eager to 
maintain their strength, for political power, and they 
would be tremendously concerned that none of their 
number joined the Christian church. As they left the 
Hindu or Muslim fold the political strength of these 
communities would be weakened. It will readily be 
seen that such an arrangement would have serious im- 
plications respecting the church's program of evangel- 
ism. It is, therefore, a cause for rejoicing that the 
Christian community has declared for joint electorates. 
Concerning this the editor of the Dnyanodaya, -a week- 
ly published under the auspices of six missions in 
Western India, says : " The Conference may be taken 
to mark a decisive point in the relation between Chris- 
tians and other communities in India. Christians thus 
desire to throw in their lot with the majority communi- 
ties, trusting them to respect their rights and further 
their interests, and devoting themselves to the public 

good. The conference has therefore made a great con- 
tribution to Indian nationality." We can only add the 
hope that in the critical days ahead the church will re- 
main true to her heavenly vision and constantly bear 
witness to the all-inclusive love and sacrificial spirit of 
her Master. 

Vada, Thana District, India. 

Woman's Work in India 


The wrongs of Indian womanhood have been not a 
few. Many of them have passed away. Still, there are 
numerous grievances for her. With the purdah system 
of the Mohammedans, child marriage and child widow- 
hood for the Hindus, together with the long prevailing 
illiteracy of woman, it is surprising she has improved 
even as much as she has. An Indian man recently said : 
" Whether men like it or not, a change has come over 
Indian society and the long sleeping Indian woman has 
aroused to free herself of her shackles. We will have 
to be prepared for many a development, even sometimes 
untoward, as a part of this emancipation. I am con- 
fident that this emancipation for women will be one of 
the biggest assets to the state and society." She has too 
long been considered a conundrum. To often she is 
simply a passive object who must be abjectly submis- 
sive to her husband's will and fancy. In the estimation 
of such men she is not a companion who can share her 
husband's thoughts and be the first object of his care 
and affection. No, the Hindu wife finds her husband 
only a proud and overbearing master, who regards her, 
as Dubois has said, " A fortunate woman to be allowed 
the honor of sharing his bed and board." If there are 
women who are happy and beloved by those to whom 
they have been blindly chained by their family, this 
good fortune must be attributed to the naturally kind 
disposition of their husbands and not in any way to the 
training they have received. The spread of Christian 
education has gradually changed many of these do- 
mestic evils. 

During a recent six weeks' period I knew, not far 
from us, of three cases where women threw themselves 
into a well and thus ended their miserable lives. One 
was a young woman, the wife of a lawyer, who first 
threw her ten-month-old baby into the well, then she 
followed. Her husband is away in college and this 
woman was abused by an older sister-in-law. With no 
one to hear her grievances or care, she ended it all. 

A few weeks ago one of our young married couples 
was criticised by a man who saw them walking side by 
side. He asked us to see that they stop going on the 
road that way. Then what way, do you ask ? He wants 
her to frail several rods behind her husband. In our 
small city, women are afraid to use a bicycle for fear 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

of the severe criticisms. A young lady, who has ac- 
quired her A. B. degree, was humiliated by having her 
name printed in the papers, speaking dishonorably of 
her for playing tennis with young men. She should 
play only with her own sex. She said to me, " I feel 
I am disgraced forever by the unlovely things that have 
been printed about me." In the large cities women do 
play tennis as they please with men or women and they 
go in all parts of the city, too, riding cycles. 

When Gandhi went to prison Mrs. Naidu was ap- 
pointed to take his place. Mrs. Gandhi and many other 
women have held responsible places with the congress 
people. In March, this year, the fifth session of the 
All India Women's Conference was held in Madras. 
When some communities took exception to the Sarda 
Bill Act (an act doing way with child marriage) it was 
the women who called mass meetings throughout India 
to show their approval of the bill. They saved the bill 
and thus have thrown protection around the girls of In- 

Christian missions are said to have done the most 
for womanhood in the land. Educational training, so- 
cial reforms, child welfare, all these have been led out 
by missions and government, so that today there are 
many societies working for the uplift of women. The 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union is the oldest of 
the fifty or more temperance organizations at work in 
India. This temperance work was begun thirty or more 
years ago. Mary J. Campbell was an organizer for a 
dozen years. At present there are five Indian women 
organizers. The W. C. T. U. numbers 60,000 members 
with some two hundred unions. 

Two women's colleges, one in north India the other 
in the south at Madras, are furnishing a very gratifying 
number of trained women for various kinds of noble 
work. Isabella Thoburn of America and Miss Tuck- 
er of England were among the first single ladies to 
serve as missionaries in India. The Isabella Thoburn 
College is named for one of these who worked many 
years in India. It is the oldest women's college not on- 
ly in India but in all Asia. In the community center at 
Landour, Mussoorie, in the Himalaya Mountains, we 
find some of the teachers from Isabella Thoburn Col- 
lege, teaching in that school wherein are so many of 
the children of missionaries from different parts of the 
country. To say that India's educated Christian wom- 
en are working in many parts of the country is a fact 
worth noting. 

This year, an Indian Christian woman, a qualified 
doctor, has offered herself as a missionary to go to 
Kenya and Uganda, East Africa, to work among the 
Christians and Non-Christians from India. Funds 
have been subscribed and she will be greatly appreciated 
as she works in that needy part of Africa among her 
own countrymen. 

Nor would we forget the numberless women who are 
mothers making homes that are worth while. The In- 
dian language has no word for home. It is just house, 
and too many of them are only houses. Here is where 
the Christian home is outstanding for its influence and 

I think of a Christian mother who is the only one in 
a good sized city. Her neighbors quite often remark 
that she has been an example to them in so many ways. 
At first when they knew her they criticised because she 
did not run to the baby the moment he cried ; he was 
not nursed between feedings ; he was left to lie in his 
crib and taken into her arms only when necessary. 
They found that a baby cared for in this manner is a 
baby really happy and healthy. Now they know that 
the opium pill is not necessary to keep a baby quiet. 

News From the Field 


Mary D. Blickenstaff 
Meetings at Bulsar 

The Rev. Garrison from the Alliance Mission recently 
spent several days with us, and gave the Bulsar church 
some soul-stirring, heart-searching sermons. Our pastor, 
Elder Satvedi, also gave a helpful message daily. The vil- 
lage teachers from the surrounding district were present to 
share the spiritual blessings. The meetings closed with a love 
feast for which Bro. Lichty preached the examination ser- 
mon and officiated. The love feast was preceded by four 

Healed in Heart as Well as Body 

Manchhaben, a Hindu widow, has been a patient sufferer 
in the mission hospital for several months. During this 
time, the gentle, loving care she has received has opened 
her heart to the truths of Christianity, and she has confessed 
her belief in Christ's power to save. She reads the Bible 
and all the Christian literature available. She has learned 
some hymns which she sings in a clear melodious voice. She 
takes great delight in telling the Bible stories to other pa- 
tients and many attending relatives who frequent her room. 
Pray that her health may be restored that she may become 
a true witness for Christ among her people. 

Our School Children with Us Again 

The family circles of many of our missionaries are again 
complete with the coming of the children from Woodstock 
School in the mountains on Dec. 10. They have been away 
for nine months, and both parents and children rejoice in 
the privilege of spending the three winter months together. 
David Blickenstaff was graduated from the high school de- 
partment of Woodstock at the close of this year's work, and 
his father gave the graduation address. Verna Blickenstaff 
is now located at Bulsar where she will give her services to 
the mission hospital. 

Children Prepare Holiday Program 

The children of the mission schools are now busy prepar- 
ing programs for Christmas. To them, Christmas is the 
most joyful holiday of the year, and they enter with great, 
enthusiasm into its celebration. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


Alas ! for the numberless babies that die in India be- 
cause they are fed too much opium. 

In one of the houses, not homes, I saw a four-year- 
old boy kicking and screaming as he rolled on the floor. 
When asked what the child wanted the mother said: 
" He waists something to eat." What a way to ask for 
food! In another neighborhood a mother and grown 
son had not spoken to each other for months. A Chris- 
tian woman showed them the New Testament way of 
forgiving and forgetting which proved a cure for the 
variance between the two. In another house the old 
mother-in-law was about to commit suicide because the 
son's wives were so abusive. Again the Jesus way was 
shown by a Christian woman and all are living happily 

Some time ago I asked a worker to bring his wife 
along next time he comes in. He said : " It would be 
nice for her to come, but I am away over Sunday and 
if she is at home the services go on unhindered, the 
collections are well looked after and the evening meet- 
ings are conducted properly ; but if she is not there then 
I am not at ease about the home program." So she 
seldom has the privilege of coming here. 

India has become quite alive as to the political power 
of its women. So also the church ought to be alive to 
the spiritual might of the women of the church in order 
that the rest of India's womanhood be won for him. 

Jalalpor, India. 

An Appraisal of Our India Mission 

(Continued From Page 5) 

home church. The day is coming. It is not here yet, 
but signs are yearly increasing that the day will come. 
Indian men and women are becoming real leaders. The 
number of Christlike followers is increasing. We have 
over 4,700 baptized Christian converts. This economic 
depression, bringing drastic reductions in funds, is giv- 
ing the Indian church a hard financial problem. Many 
workers who had been toiling faithfully and receiving 
pay from mission funds now suddenly find their pay 
either stopped or reduced almost to the vanishing point. 
We know some of them are responding nobly to the 
crisis and discovering ways by which they can continue 
to serve. The depression is causing havoc to established 
ways of doing things, but we pray and believe the In- 
dian church will rise to the emergency and in the end be 

This appraisal tells only fragments of the inspiring 
story of our missionary work in India. One of the 
largest values coming from the work can not be re- 
ported in statistics at all. It is the influence of missions 
on the total community. Many not baptized converts 
have had their minds directed toward God and their 
manner of life affected by the Man of Galilee. — n. s. M. 

Showing Our Faith in Missions 

Chairman, General Mission Board 

These times are trying the faith of the Christian 
church in the great missionary enterprise. When there 
was plenty of money it was comparatively easy for peo- 
ple to contribute to missions. Now that money is scarce, 
and we must make a sacrifice to contribute to missions, 
our real faith in the enterprise is being tested. Some 
have listened with readiness to recent criticisms of the 
work. But let us remember that whatever may be the 
changing views of men about the work, there still stand 
the Lord's commands as strong as ever : " Go ye there- 
fore and teach all nations." " Go, preach my gospel to 
every creature." 

A fair look at the missionary program of the Church 
of the Brethren will show that in days of prosperity it 
was not too large in proportion to what we were spend- 
ing for other activities of the home church, such as edu- 
cation, pastoral service, building new houses, etc. Many 
people have been thinking that we have been spending 
most of our church money for missions. On the con- 
trary, a careful study will show that for every dollar 
that we have spent for foreign missions we have spent 
from eight to ten dollars upon the work at home. Now 
that financial conditions compel us to retrench in the 
work at home, we must of necessity retrench in the 
amount of money spent on the foreign field. During 
the past year our budget for foreign work has been cut 
at least $60,000. The missionaries and the mission 
churches are cooperating in every way they can to carry 
on the work with this reduced budget. 

The Church of the Brethren has large responsibilities 
in these foreign fields. Through our missionaries the 
light has come to these people and thousands have ac- 
cepted Jesus Christ. These people are now our breth- 
ren and sisters living in a land where no other Christian 
people are helping them save our own people in Amer- 
ica. We dare not disappoint nor desert them. Then 
there are untold opportunities for our messengers to 
preach the gospel in the new territories that are opening 
up. Unlike our home territory, where there are other 
Christian people in almost every community, in these 
lands the Brethren are the only ones who are in position 
to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ. We must not 
desert nor disappoint our Lord in witnessing for him to 
these people who seem so ready for the gospel. 

Though it will mean much sacrifice to carry on our 
program even with a reduced budget, the Church of the 
Brethren can not afford to let her foreign work close. 
All that our fathers and mothers have done, all that we 
ourselves have felt about the work we have been doing, 
all of the great possibilities that lie ahead of us, urge us 

(Continued on Page 20) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


The Minister as a Man of God 


Article Supplied by the Pastoral Association 

During Old Testament times a spiritual leader was 
frequently called, man of God. He lived apart and ap- 
peared only occasionally in a public way to speak the 
message of God. Such messages still live and warm 
our hearts. As the Scotch sometimes say, he was 
" thick with God." Preeminently, he was a man of 
God. The life of the modern minister is an exact 
antithesis of that of the Hebrew prophet. The modern 
minister is preeminently a man of the people. He is 
expected to live with the people and his daily round of 
visits, committee meetings, luncheons, etc., leaves little 
time to get acquainted with God, yet he is expected 
regularly to appear in a public way to speak a message 
from God. Any reader of the sermonic material of to- 
day can not but detect the sham and substitution of lit- 
erary brilliance for true spirituality and earnestness. 
The wonder of it is, however, that a man can neglect 
God all week and then do so well in talking about him 
on Sunday. 

The ministry today is far more complicated than in 
former times and it is getting more complicated all the 
while. What the minister is supposed to be and to do 
is legion. He is expected to be a good mixer, an enter- 
taining sermonizer, a director of religious education, a 
spiritual counselor, a good organizer, a general go-get- 
ter of crowds and dollars and popularity, a man of God 
and scores of other things of more or less importance. 
He may rate 100% as a mixer, in delivering sermons, in 
attracting crowds, and in every other function of the 
ministry, but if he isn't a man of God, lifting his people 
up to God and attaching their loyalties to him, then time 
will write over his ministry in clear letters — Failure. 

The most insidious temptation of the modern minis- 
ter is superficiality. As a group they could not be ac- 
cused of laziness. But to be busy is not enough. They 
must learn to subordinate details to the great objectives 
of their office. And first of all, a minister should be a 
man of God. He must have a message that is fresh 
from God and he must carry about with him wherever 
he goes the fragrance of heaven. This will take time. 
Demands are heavy on a minister's time, but no minis- 
ter can neglect time with God without future regret. 
All the supremely spiritual leaders of the past and pres- 
ent have had their regular hours alone with God. Noth- 
ing was permitted to interrupt. Jesus regularly with- 
drew from the multitude. Spurgeon had his hour alone 
with God as regularly as his night's sleep. For years 
Hudson Taylor was on his knees every morning as the 

sun rose over China. Spirituality does not come by ac- 
cident. It takes time to cultivate it. Woe be to that 
minister who gets so busy mixing with the multitude 
and meeting with committees that there is no time left 
to meet with God. George Miiller of Bristol said : " If 
I had strength to work twenty-four hours every day I 
could not half accomplish what is ready for my hands 
and feet and head and heart. Yet with all this, I con- 
sider my first business to be, and my most important 
business every day, to get blessings in my own soul — 
for my own soul to be happy in the Lord, and then to 
work, and to work with all diligence." 

The rewards that come to the minister who is a man 
of God are far richer than those that come to the minis- 
ter who is primarily a man of the people. A minister 
may be politician enough and showman enough to at- 
tract a crowd, but the rewards of popularity alone are 
fleeting. Far richer is the " eternal weight of glory " 
that comes to the minister who saturates his own soul 
in God and who is thereby privileged to see the unmis- 
takable upward climb of his people in ways of right- 
eousness and truth. " Your prayers lift me up to God." 
" Following your morning sermon I hunted up my 
neighbor and fixed up a difficulty we have had between 
us for several years." What minister would ask a bet- 
ter reward ! Stanley Jones says if we are going fur- 
ther in our work, we must first go deeper. 

" Let each man take heed how he buildeth. . . . 
For other foundation can no man lay than that which is 
laid, which is Jesus Christ. But if any man buildeth on 
the foundation gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay, 
stubble ; each man's work shall be made manifest : for 
the day shall declare it, because it is revealed in fire; 
and the fire itself shall prove each man's work of what 
sort it is" (1 Cor. 3: 10b-13). 

Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Appreciating the Ministry 


Given at the Ministerial Meeting of Eastern Pennsylvania 

An excessive modesty prevents many ministers from 
calling attention to the sacred office they hold, and to 
the respect in which it should ever be regarded by those 
over whom they have the oversight. Phillips Brooks 
once said : " I wish it were possible for one to speak 
to the laity of our churches, frankly and freely, about 
their treatment of their ministers." 

The Apostle Paul was not withheld by any false 
sense of modesty from pointing out, with all emphasis 
and authority, the obligations of the church toward 
those who minister in the Word. 

In his Epistles, he recommends many kinds of 
graces — " fruits of the Spirit," he calls them — love, joy, 
peace, long suffering, gentleness, patience, goodness, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


and appreciation. He does not use the word apprecia- 
tion, but we find it hidden in a number of verses in his 
Epistles. In 1 Thess. 5 : 12, 13 we read : " We beseech 
you, brethren, to know them which labor among you, 
and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you ; and to 
esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake." 

That is the grace of appreciation. The ministry 
should be regarded with suitable respect and honor, be- 
cause it is a holy office, ordained of God. The minis- 
ter is a man, called of God, through the Holy Spirit, by 
the church, to do the work of God here on the earth. 
The Apostle says, " Esteem them very highly in love 
for their work's sake." 

The ability to appreciate is one of the finest of the 
Christian graces. The presence of a single sympathetic 
listener will often enable the minister to bring to his 
people a doubly effective and helpful message. 

The finest appreciation of the ministry is to welcome 
the ministry of the Word, by regular and constant at- 
tendance at the church services, and by candid and re- 
spectful hearing. 

Ruskin said, " Precious indeed, are those minutes 
when the preacher seeks to convict men of sin, convince 
them of righteousness, and persuade them of eternal 

Some one once asked a friend of Charles Wesley, 
" Are you going to hear Mr. Wesley preach ?" 

" No," he answered, " I am going to hear God. I 
listen to him, whoever preaches." 

The greatest appreciation a minister of God can re- 
ceive is for him to see that his teaching is being accepted 
and lived by those whom he serves. 

" Esteem them very highly in love," the apostle says. 
A loving heart loves to pray. The ministerial office has 
its special responsibilities and perils, and nothing helps 
more vitally the efficient discharge of its duties, than 
the constant prayers of an appreciative and devoted 

How often the Apostle said : 

" Brethren, pray for us." 

" Brethren, pray for us that the word of the Lord 
may have free course and be glorified." 

" Brethren, pray for me, that utterance may be given 
unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly to make 
known the mystery of the gospel." 

The work of the ministry is spiritual. It needs the 
power of the Holy Ghost. Do you pray for it, by pray- 
ing for your ministers ? They pray for you. 

I was impressed by Bro. Moore's article on " The 
Ministerial Standard " in the The Gospel Messenger. 
He says : " Possibly the standard of our ministers is as 
high as that for other Protestant bodies, but it ought to 
be higher, because of our higher claims. For years we 
have been impressed with the conviction that the con- 

ception for the ministerial standing in the minds of our 
people is far too low. Mentally speaking, we have es- 
tablished too common a level for them, and are dis- 
posed to apologize for deficiency, rather than demand 
higher attainments. Our conversation about them 
would indicate this. Especially is this often true as it 
applies to the family conversation. Too often is the 
minister spoken of in an irreverent manner, and thus 
small children are led to look upon the ministers with 
far less reverence and respect than is due them." Do 
you believe that? 

When I read that I felt grateful for having been 
reared in a Christian home where I never heard a dis- 
paraging word about the minister. He was the man of 
God. It didn't matter who he was. He was God's 

All too often today, in the minister's absence, his 
faults are freely discussed in the home. That is not ap- 

"Don't look for flaws as you go through life — 
And, even if you find them, 
It is wise and kind to be somewhat blind, 
And look for the virtues behind them." 

(Continued on Page 22) 

Men's Work and the Liquor Problem 

BY C. H. DRESHER, McPherson, Kansas 

Men of the church, we face a new year with new prob- 
lems; but a cognition only, of a problem puts us very little 
farther forward. Real progress depends upon properly solv- 
ing recognized problems. Old solutions will not adapt them- 
selves to new problems. Solutions must be new or the old 
ones at least altered to meet the new features of the pres- 
ent problems. 

The multi-tentacled octopus of alcoholic liquors toward 
which we are so rapidly headed, is a new problem to this 
generation. Men in active life today are mostly men who 
have had little or no contact with the actual results of the 
use of strong drink, since they have lived in a prohibition 
period of years. As a result of this our opposition has in a 
large measure slipped. 

This is our opportunity as men who are anxious to be led 
into a worth-while struggle. Our nation needs new leading 
in its thinking, in its educational program, in its type of in- 
formation placed before the public and in the earnestness 
with which Christian people oppose evil. 

Is there any reason why your Men's Group in your local 
church can not undertake, during this winter, the sponsor- 
ing of an educational program of public addresses on this 
vital issue? Follow it up with the circulation of books, cir- 
culars and other printed matter * and see that it is read. 
Let the teachers of your schools know what the men of 
your church and other churches expect of them in the mat- 
ter of placing before their pupils the importance of right 
thinking and acting toward this great moral issue. 

Men, the time is here, now, to act. Let's face the New 
Year with the sort of activity for which we need make no 
apologies at its close. 

* Write Board of Christian Education, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., for a 
list of temperance literature available. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


Calendar for Sunday, January 29 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus and the Sabbath. — Mark 2: 
13—3 : 6. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, The Seen and the Unseen. 
B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

Young People — Some Pacifists at Work. 
Intermediate Girls— Brave Friends of Jesus. 
Intermediate Boys — What Would You Do? 
♦ * * * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Seven baptisms in the Buchanan church, Mich. 

Two baptisms in the Muncie church, Ind. 

One baptism in the Pipe Creek church, Ind. 

Two baptisms in the Wabash City church, Ind. 

Six baptisms in the Connellsville church, Pa. 

Three baptisms in the Fresno church, Calif. 

Four baptisms in the Forest Center church, Wash. 

Three baptisms in the Glendora church, Calif. 

Five baptisms in the Modesto church, Calif. 

Two baptisms in the Thomas church, Okla., Bro. D. J. 
McCann of Oklahoma City, evangelist. 

One baptism in the Westmont church, Pa. 

One baptism in the Nemadji church, Minn. 

Four baptized and one received on former baptism in the 
Lanark church, 111. 

Ten baptisms in the New Hope church, Tenn., Bro. Frank 
Isenberg of Mooresburg, Tenn., evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the Bradford church, Ohio. 

Sixteen baptisms in the Monticello church, Ind., Bro. B. F. 
Petry of Burnettsville, Ind., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Harrisburg church, Pa. 

Four baptisms in the La Porte congregation, Ind. 

Four baptisms in the Lower Miami church, Ohio, Bro. J. 
O. Click of Covington, Ohio, evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Pleasant Hill church, Ind., Bro. J. 
Edson Ulery of Onekama, Mich., evangelist. 

One more baptism in the Freeport church, 111. 

One baptism in the South Waterloo church, Iowa. 

Two baptisms in the Sebring church, Fla., Bro. R. W. 
Schlosser of Elizabethtown, Pa., evangelist. 

Three baptized in the Bethel church, nine baptized and 
two reclaimed at Brake church, ten baptized and one re- 
claimed at Sycamore church, Bro. P. I. Garber of Peters- 
burg, W. Va., evangelist; churches of North Mill Creek con- 
gregation, W. Va. 

$. 4* 4* ♦> 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you pray 
for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. J. W. Barnett of Arago, Ore., Feb. 5 in the Ashland 
church, Ore. 

Bro. Rufus Bucher of Quarryville, Pa., Feb. 5 in the York 
church, Pa. 

Bro. John Wieand of Bellefontainej Ohio, Feb. 12 in the 
First church, Toledo, Ohio. 

Bro. I. S. Long of Bridgewater, Va., Feb. 5 in the Harris- 
burg church, Pa. 

Brother and Sister Oliver H. Austin of McPherson, Kans., 
March 29 in the Connellsville church, Pa. 

Personal Mention 

Messenger readers are indebted to Edward Ziegler who 
went out to India in 1931 for compiling the materials for this 
issue. During the process of his work he was taken ill with 
typhoid, but we are all thankful that he recovered and was 
able to help make this issue possible. 

Brother and Sister E. H. Eby are moving eastward from 
their service in Ohio, and will spend the month of February 
in Southwestern Virginia. Their postoffice for the month 
will be Daleville, Va., General Delivery. Bro. Eby is sched- 
uled to assist in the Bible term at Daleville. 

President D. W. Kurtz has a class of fifteen in Bethany 
Biblical Seminary studying the History of Religion. As one 
number in the Seminary Lecture Course the class will give a 
program on the Eleven Living Religions of the World, Feb. 
28, 8 P. M. Publicity Committee W. C. Sell and Chester 
Baird wishes you to know that every one who can attend is 
invited to do so. 

Bro. Ezra Flory, New Paris, Ind., is a busy man. He 
" preached, taught, and lectured seven times in the last 
week." But the special point of this mention is this : He 
wants the 135 persons who sent him letters or cards in con- 
nection with his recent birthday to know that he greatly ap- 
preciated their kind remembrance. It is too much to expect 
him to make personal acknowledgment of so many. 

Since last mention of holiday season greetings from China 
Sister Nettie M. Senger's has come in. With them was en- 
closed a reprint of her article " Quit Giving Money and Give 
More of Ourselves " as published in The Chinese Recorder 
for September last. The reference was of course to the ef- 
fort to establish self-supporting native churches, but it will 
repay careful thinking in a wider application. We said 
careful thinking, mind you. The first clause can not be ap- 
plied universally, but there is no possibility of overdoing the 
second. Self-giving will put money-giving in its right place. 

Miscellaneous Items 

Bridgewater College Bible Institute is scheduled for Feb. 
1-5. Among the speakers we note Brethren G. L. Wine, I. 
S. Long, D. W. Kurtz, Jno. S. Flory, M. G. West and M. 
R. Zigler. Feb. 3 is Community Day and Feb. 4 is Dunker 
Day. Details arrived too late for insertion in this paper, but 
we hope many will see this brief reminder of the splendid 
program in store for those who can attend this institute. 
The opening session is at 10 A. M. on Wednesday. 

Glendale Mission (California) laid the corner stone of a 
new church building Sunday afternoon, Jan. 15, as an- 
nounced in the news note on page 20 of this paper. Bro. 
George C. Carl, pastor, writes of the occasion : " We had a 
fine day yesterday and very good attendance. . . . 
Church building paid for as we build. Do not know when 
we will be able to complete, but pressing on." We might 
add that we have no fear these California brethren will not 

Conference Committee on Resolutions: The Annual Con- 
ference of 1932 adopted a report which provided for a per- 
manent Committee on Resolutions. This was done in order 
that the report submitted to the Conference might repre- 
sent careful thought and more mature judgment. The new- 
ly appointed Committee met in Elgin on December 14 in 
connection with the meeting of the Council of Boards and 
organized by electing J. W. Lear, Chairman and Paul H. 
Bowman, Secretary. C. E. Davis is the other member. The 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


Committee desires to announce that problems, subjects, and 
suggestions for the resolutions of the 1933 Conference may- 
be sent to any member of the Committee. 

Middle Pennsylvania churches and church organizations 
please note that queries, reports, statements or matter in- 
tended to appear in the program for the coming District 
Conference of the Church of the Brethren, meeting in the 
Roaring Spring church, beginning on Tuesday at 1 : 30 
o'clock, April 11, 1933, must be in the hands of the secretary, 
not later than March 1, so it may be assembled for the 
printer. — J. C. Swigart, Secretary, Mattawana, Pa. 

Some are asking about the 1933 Yearbook. It will be sent 
to all regular subscribers of The Gospel Messenger when it 
comes from the press. By regular subscribers we mean 
those who pay the regular price. Where the Messenger is 
furnished at a special price, through, a special fund, the 
Yearbook is not included. The several National Boards do 
their very best in securing material for the Yearbook, but 
some are always slow in responding to the Boards' inquiries. 
All such delays are annoying and lead to a further delay in 
publication. Be assured that the 1933 Yearbook will reach 
you in February. 

Our Relief Work in Chicago is opening up new oppor- 
tunities for service which in turn create new links between 
these people of our neighborhood and the church. A com- 
munity center is being organized by our Sisters' Aid Society, 
to assist needy women in sewing and to give them new ideas 
in cooking. You good people in the country who are send- 
ing foodstuffs and clothing are aiding materially in this 
project. We are at present supporting about twenty-five 
families and can probably see them through the winter. If 
more provisions should be sent in we could enlarge the 
number, and consequently reach more for the community 
center and for the church. We are deeply appreciative of 
all the contributions that have been made thus far. — Elgin 
S. Moyer, Church of the Brethren Relief Committee. 

Missionary and Ministerial Relief. For six years the Gen- 
eral Mission and Ministerial Boards have wrestled with the 
problem of some plan of relief for our aged ministers and 
missionaries. It is desired to provide a plan that will per- 
mit the ministers and churches to contribute to it through 
the active years of service. Much progress has been made. 
Different committees have made a contribution. At the last 
meeting of these two Boards the following committee was 
appointed, which is an enlargement of some who previously 
served : P. H. Bowman, Bridgewater, Va. ; H. H. Nye, 1631 
Mifflin St., Huntingdon, Pa.; J. M. Fogelsanger, Mt. Airy, 
Philadelphia, Pa.; Ross D. Murphy, 2260 N. Park Ave., 
Philadelphia, Pa. ; H. K. Ober, Elizabethtown, Pa. ; John M. 
Miller, Lititz, Pa. — M. R. Zigler, Home Mission and Minis- 
terial Secretary ^ ^ ^ ^ 

Working Towards Victory 

A Glimpse of Efforts for the Achievement Offering 

You ought to read the editorial by . E. G. Hoff in Our 
Young People for Feb. 4. Find it under the title,The Urge 
to Share. 

J. Oscar Winger writes that in the Liberty Mills congre- 
gation, Middle Indiana, their plans were made early for the 
February missionary meeting. They will have a Sunday- 
school night. Various classes of the school will contribute 
to the meeting. They plan to lift an offering which they 
are trying to make the best ever for Missions and Church 
Service (Conference Budget). 

Here is the report from Woodland Village congregation, 
Michigan. Their enthusiastic missionary secretary writes : 

" We have just completed our Victory Achievement Offer- 
ing. Our aim was $1 per member, but we have gone over 
the top. We have 49 members in the village and near-by 
country. We have 26 families with one or more members. 
We have 65 on the Sunday-school roll. 

" Our good young people held a fellowship social. Being 
full of the mission spirit, we asked the privilege to give a 
talk on missions and the Victory Achievement at this social. 
It was a golden opportunity. Many of our members are 
poor and all realize the effects of the depression, hence did 
not urge large sums, but urged strongly that each member 
and Sunday-school pupil give a little, if only five cents, but 
as much more as possible, and to feel it a happy privilege 
and not a duty only. The cooperation was excellent, even 
the primaries brought pennies to have a share in the Mas- 
ter's great work. 

" We called at each home in the village and delivered en- 
velopes. We wrote letters and sent envelopes to all not in 
walking distance. As a result we have $60 and we are very 


His First Disciples 

John 1: 35-51 

For Week Beginning February 5 

Behold the Lamb of God, v. 36 

The simple act of pointing men to Jesus is the highest 
type of evangelism (John 1: 29; 3: 28-36; 5: 33; 10: 41). 
What Seek Ye? v. 38 

Jesus can do nothing for the life where there is no desire 
for higher and better things (Mark 1 : 37 ; Luke 4 : 42 ; 19 : 3 ; 
John 6: 24). 
They Abode with Him That Day, v. 39 

Jesus gives a whole evening to two enquirers. How their 
hearts must have burned within them (Matt. 18: 20; Luke 
24: 15)! 
He First Findeth His Own Brother, v. 41 

In our zeal for those who are far away we may forget 
those who are near (Mark 2:3; John 1 : 41 ; Acts 11 : 25, 26 ; 
Jas. 5 : 20). 
Thou Art Simon. . . . Thou Shalt Be Called Peter, v. 42 

Jesus knows what we are. He knows what we may be- 
come (Gen. 17: 5, 15; 32: 28; 41: 45; Judges 6: 32; 2 Sam. 
12: 25). 
Follow Me, v. 43 

No word so completely expresses Jesus' will for us as this 
(Mark 1 : 17, 20 ; 2 : 14 ; Luke 6 : 13 ; Acts 22 : 21). 
Come and See, v. 46 

What high regard for the individual's power to observe 
and decide for himself (Psa. 34: 8; 139: 23; Mai. 3: 10). 
Thou Shalt See Greater Things Than These, v. 50 

This is true of every Christian in every day of his life. 
Greater things lie ahead (John 13: 7; 16: 13; 1 Cor. 13: 12). 


Notice how the common contacts and relationships of life 
were used to spread the knowledge and influence of Jesus. 
How may we make this so in our own lives? R. H. M. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


Questions and an Answer 


Is there any honey in the carcass of the lion? 

Is there any savor in the salt? 
Is there any sunshine left to make a silver lining? 

Is there any virtue in a fault? 

Is there enough ballast in the hold to keep it level 
When the -billows toss our ship of state? 

Is there enough goodness left to overbalance evil? 
Is there any purpose back of fate? 

Is there any doctor that can heal our social cancer? 

Which way turns the road beyond the hill? 
All of these are questions that man alone can't answer, 

Only God can help us and he will ! 

La Verne, Calif. 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime 


Chapter 5 

The first merry sunbeams of a chill October morning 
danced gaily through the heavy curtains and rested in 
silent benediction upon the fair face of Marilyn Weston 
as she stood with her lover before the aged minister. 
" It's not for a day, nor for a year, but for a lifetime." 
As the solemn words broke the sweet silence of the 
room, a quick glance of warm understanding flitted be- 
tween the bride and her father. 

An hour later Bruce Weston waved good-bye as the 
green roadster slipped out of sight around the corner. 
How strangely silent the old house seemed now ! How 
long it seemed since he had returned yesterday and 
learned of Jinny's departure ! The only sound which 
broke the stillness was Hagar's slow tramp from dining 
room to kitchen as she removed the remains of the wed- 
ding breakfast. 

Catching up the threads of the old life required sev- 
eral telephone calls in which appointments were made 
for the afternoon. He was about to leave the house 
when the postman passed and left a letter from Jinny. 
Mr. Weston retreated up the stairs with the agility of 
a school boy. Here is what he read : 

"It seems ages and ages since I left home in such a flurry. 
Until our ship actually moved out of port I wasni sure I 
could stand the strain of leaving you all behind. Sometimes 
my heart nearly gives way when I think °f a ^ the dreadful 
things rvhich might happen while Vm away. I hope things 
are going well at home. I left Hagar there to keep things in 
order for you and the girls; they often bring friends home 
for the week-end. Don't forget what I said about the chil- 
dren in the first letter. Vm trying not to be selfish with 

There followed many closely written pages which 

Bruce read and reread. Every line revealed some 
anxious concern for her loved ones. " How much a 
mother lives for her family," he breathed. " How se- 
curely her whole soul is tied up with the problems that 
face her loved ones. Well, I'm glad she can get away 
from it all. I — I guess she's right about my never get- 
ting acquainted with the children while she was at 
home. I hope there won't be anything worse than mar- 
rying off a daughter." 

At three that afternoon he met a business acquaint- 

" Hello, old chap," exclaimed Jim Black, heartily. 
" How's everybody ?" 

" Great, fine, that is, what is left," stammered Mr. 
Weston, lamely. 

" What's left ?" queried Black, curiously scanning the 
face of his friend. " No bad luck to the family, I 

" None at all," answered Mr. Weston, adding dryly, 
" only two children married and my wife gone to Eu- 

" Bruce Weston, after the way you've boasted about 
your wife being a home body! You always said you 
never had to worry about anything, that she shouldered 
it all. Man, why didn't you go along?" 

The face of Mr. Weston reddened. " I didn't have 
a chance," he confessed. " She was gone when I got 
home last night. Sorry I can't take you home to dinner 
this time, sir," he apologized, moving slowly away. 

" Oh, that's all right. Don't mention it," replied Mr. 
Black, laying a detaining hand on the sleeve of his 
friend. " But don't be in such a hurry. A fine idea 
just popped into my head. Why don't you join your 
wife and surprise her ? The company would grant you 
leave I know, and you can well afford it — sort of sec- 
ond honeymoon trip, you see. I doubt if you ever took 
a trip together in your life. Now 'fess up." 

Mr. Weston's face fell before the penetrating gaze of 
his friend. " No, we never did, that's the truth," he 
confessed slowly. " I'm on the road so much anyhow 
that being home is a vacation to me, and Jinny was al- 
ways so contented at home." He paused uncertainly. 
" Oh, well, Black, you know as well as I, what kind of 
a partner I've been to her. I've been a slacker when it 
comes to being a real helpmate. The children are what 
they are in spite of me, not because of me." 

" There now, old top, don't be too hard on yourself," 
consoled Black earnestly. " What you've said is all 
the more argument for your accepting my suggestion. 
It's never too late to turn about. Ah! Here's my 
man," he exclaimed. " Good luck to you. Write me 
from Paris, Bruce." 

In a flash he was gone and Bruce Weston from force 
of habit wended his way to his employer's office for 
further orders. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


" Hello, Bruce. I thought you'd be in this morning. 
Got in last night I presume, according to schedule." 
Willard Stanley surveyed his visitor with keen grey 

Bruce Weston nodded and slumped heavily into a 
near-by chair. 

"What's wrong, sir? Under the weather?" de- 
manded Mr. Stanley. 

" No, not exactly — a bit tired, I guess," stammered 
Mr. Weston endeavoring to straighten up in his chair. 
" I suppose Cleveland is next ?" he questioned, seeking 
to turn the conversation into safer channels. 

" Yes, sir. Either today or tomorrow. I didn't make 
the schedule definite because I wasn't sure when you'd 
get in. Maybe a day or two of rest would fix you up. 
Think it over and let me know." 

When Bruce Weston reached home again he found 
the same cheery fire lit by Hagar's faithful old hands. 
But somehow the strange restlessness surging in his 
heart made the usual cozy comforts seem like a mock- 
ery. After all, what are things — material things with- 
out the presence that makes them live ? The rooms filled 
with the memory of loved ones were dead and cold, like 
the cheerless hotel rooms he had tried to call home. 

He could not dismiss the suggestion that James 
Black had made of joining Jinny in Europe. But he 
could not visualize himself doing that. Somehow Mari- 
lyn's words flashed back again : " Father, you must 
know you're needed and I'll need you more than ever 
even if I am married." Was it time to run away when 
he was just beginning to bridge the gulf between him- 
self and the children ? No, with Jinny in Europe, sure- 
ly he was needed to stay by the job and see things safe- 
ly through until her return. 

With this decision a warm glow of satisfaction 
flamed in his heart. The disconcerting restlessness van- 
ished. He decided to call Stanley that evening and re- 
port for duty. The telephone jingled a merry summons. 

" Bruce Weston speaking. . . . Ma'am ? . . . 
Cakes ? No, ma'am, you have the wrong number. . . . 
This isn't a bakery. . . . Yes, this is Bruce Weston 
of 2310 Fairview Ave. No, my wife is out of 
town. . . . Cakes? .... Indeed not. My 
wife does not make cakes for a living." 

With a gesture of impatience he replaced the receiver 
and returned to his chair. Suddenly he recalled the 
night he had gone out to Tom's. What was it Betty had 
said about Jinny's cakes? Oh, yes, something about 
building a house with them. And then in a flash, he 
saw through it. He remembered how Jinny had always 
wanted to build a house — a tiny dream castle with all 
the conveniences that make a home so livable, but he 
had only laughed and dismissed the matter as a wom- 
an's passing fancy. Yes, it must be that the dream had 

come true and by the quiet working of Jinny's own 
capable hands. 

Then a feeling somewhat akin to Hagar's regard for 
" fambly honah " swept through his resentful heart. If 
Tom needed money and help why didn't he come to his 
father? Yes, he had been left out of the family prob- 
lems and the only way to regain lost ground was to fight 
straight on toward the ideal of the new father he had 
set out to be. 

He walked to the window and stared out into the 
early twilight. On the street below, myriads of cars 
glided swiftly past and disappeared around the curve in 
Fairview Park. Suddenly a yellow taxi swept out of 
the darkness and slid to the curb. A slim girlish figure 
alighted, turned to pay the driver and sprang quickly 
up the big stone steps. 

" Alice !" he gasped, turning hastily toward the hall- 

Nappanee, Ind. 

(To Be Continued) 

Around the Table 

This department is sponsored by the Mothers and Daughters' As- 
sociation, Sister J. Z. Gilbert, Superintendent. Questions are invited. 
Personal attention will be given to each. Questions will be answered 
in this column or privately. All questions should be mailed to Around 
the Table, 3300 N. .Griffin Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 

QUESTION : A mother of several children finds 
difficulty in this particular: her next door neighbor buys 
more expensive gifts for her children than this mother 
feels she can afford to buy for her family, and in conse- 
quence the children are dissatisfied and a bit unhappy 
with "what seems to them to be insignificant gifts in 
comparison with the gifts of the children next door 
with whom they play. 

This mother wants to know how she can help her own 
children to be liappy with the gifts in keeping with the 
size of their family purse. 

I wonder what some of you mothers would answer ? 

This is the way we have been thinking about the mat- 
ter : 

In the first place this mother is not as unfortunate as 
she may suppose in living next door to a wealthier 
family, for this very situation may afford an opportuni- 
ty to help her own family to do some independent 
thinking that will enable them to decide wisely some of 
the problems to be met in later years. 

We suggest a considerate evaluation of the things 
that are most worth-while, since this will go far in help- 
ing a mother herself to become optimistic about such a 
situation, and it is surprising how readily small children 
accept the parents' attitude on almost any question. 
Their ready acceptance gives the mother great advan- 
tage in molding sentiment. 

Being self -convinced that " a man's life consisteth not 

(Continued on Page 22) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

Showing Our Faith in Missions 

(Continued From Page 13) 

on to do our very best for the kingdom of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. Let us do our best for missions even this 

North Manchester, hid. 


A Call to Prayer 


Glendale church met Dec. 20 for ordination service. S. J. Miller of 
La Verne, Calif., assisted by J. E. Steinour of Los Angeles officiated 
in ordaining to the eldership Brethren O. L. Gillett and Harold Kurtz. 
An address was given by Bro. Steinour. The annual banquet of the 
young people's Sunday-school classes was enjoyed Dec. 30 by about 
seventy-three young people. Following the program an address was 
given by Bro. Harrison Frantz of La Verne on The Modern Age. At 
the annual election of officers for the Women's Work Jan. 8 the fol- 
lowing were chosen: director of Women's Work, Rachel Young; presi- 
dent of Aid, Maggie Statler. A very pleasing custom of exchanging 
names and remembering each other on birthdays was repeated. Each 
sister draws another's name. The remembrance may consist of a 
friendly visit, a cheery letter, etc. — Emma Sine, Glendale, Ariz., Jan. 11. 

This year the World Day of Prayer is set for Friday, 
March 3. Thus again a call to prayer goes out to all people. 
Mrs. Ruth Muskrat Bronson (Indian American) has pre- 
pared the following call to prayer, and you are invited to 
use it until the World Day of Prayer, Feb. 16, 1934. „, _,,.„.. „ 7 , CAL,FORNIA 

Glendale Mission. — Work on our new mission church is moving stead- 
"All people awake, open your eyes, arise."— Hopi Indian Prayer ily along. When it is finished, it will be a very lovely piece of work. 

When the side doors to the assembly room are opened it will accom- 

" FOLLOW THOU ME " modate about three hundred. Laying of the corner stone is scheduled 

In Praver t0 ta k e place the afternoon of Jan. 15. Our pastor, Bro. Geo. C. Carl, 

. has had much experience and the congregation here feels that it is 

" And it Came to pass in those days, that he went OUt mtO through his persistent efforts that we now have a church to carry on 

the mountain to pray; and continued all night in prayer to th e Lord's work. Dull times have not been very conducive to this 

_ JA1 , . , , ii j i • j- • 1 jt movement but through it all, God has blessed us. Dec. 4 J. B. Em- 

God. And when It was day, he called his disciples ; and he mert preached the morning sermon and in the evening communion 

chose from them twelve. services were held, with D. L. Forney officiating. Dec. 9 the young 

" Anrl ar pvpti all rhp ritv wa <; cratriprprl toe-pther P e0 P le S ave a supper to help the building fund. The Sunday-school 

And at even . . . all the city was gatnerea togetner children find it interesting also to help in the cause . The music de . 

at the door. . . . And in the morning, a great while be- partment of which Daniel Weaver is leader has contributed toward 

fore day, he departed into a solitary place, and there prayed. the Riding fund through their efforts. Brethren from neighboring 

churches as well as our own church have donated most of their labor. 
" Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest." The Ladies' Aid Society has made donations as well as preparing the 

meals for the men working on the church. Sister Emma Deeter was 
In Service recently elected president of the Ladies' Aid Society. — Lulu Terford, 

..,,., ,. , ,- . ,. , Glendale, Calif., Jan. 7. 

Whosoever would be first among you shall be your serv- _, , _. . . „ , , , , , 

• . . Glendora. — The interest in our Sunday-school and church services 

ant, even as the Son of man came not to be ministered Unto f or tne past quarter has been good, the highest attendance at Sunday- 

but to minister and to give his life. school being 203. Our communion was held Oct. 20, Bro. D. L. Forney 

,, T , , , ., . , ., . , » of La Verne officiating. On Nov. 17, at our members' meeting, church 

Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of officers for the coming year were elected Br0 Roy Brubaker enter . 

these my brethren, ye have done it unto me." ing upon his twenty-sixth year as church clerk; Bro. D. R. Myers 

was reelected as church treasurer, Sister Clyde Foster as Messenger 

In Steadfastness agent. A good brother and wife made a much appreciated gift of 750 

.,,.., ... ii i i i 1 j l -j pieces of silverware to the church. Nov. 20 we celebrated the thirtieth 

When the time was come that he should be received up, anniversary of the organizat ion of the church with a homecoming, 

he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem." which was an enjoyable occasion. Dec. 3 Bro. Harlan Brooks, re- 

turned missionary from India, gave us a very helpful sermon, showing 
In Sacrifice that tne i° v ana - tne blessings of Christians become greater, the more 

,, T . . ... ,., . . , . , i • u- j Jesus is made known and the farther his light shines in the world. In 

If any man will come after me let him deny himself, and the evening he gave his slides on India Ear]y Christraas morning a 

take up his Cross and follow me. band of our young people made happy many hearts over the town with 

"Then said TesUS, Father, forgive them; for they know j °y° u ^ Christmas carols A splendid program was given in the eve- 

,,,,.„ nin S by the primary and junior Sunday-school pupils, following was 
not what they do. . . . And the people Stood beholding. the white gift service, after which an offering was taken for the 

General Mission work. During November and December, our pastor, 
ORDER BLANK ^ ro - ^* ^- Brubaker, gave a series of evangelistic sermons. On 

Dec. 18 three were baptized. Also four letters of membership have 

xt" i- 1 r -1 t \-kt~~, '„ i*r.,.-i been received during this time. — Lulu N. Miller, Glendora, Calif., 

National Council of Women s Work, Dec 31 

Elgin Illinois. Henmosa Beach church met in council Dec. 9 at which time there was 

election of church officers: Elder, Bro. H. R. Frantz; clerk, Alpha 
Please send the items checked below for use on the World Stump; Messenger agent and correspondent, Vinna Bowman. A min- 
t-. j. t, -ir ■« /- j , 1 j , ,, ister's license was granted to Bro. Volney Faw and this work was in 

Day of Prayer. You will find stamps enclosed to cover the charge of Bro s T Miller; member of the District Ministerial Boa rd. 

COSt of the order. Dec. 18 the Glendale choir came to our church and gave their Christ- 

mas cantata, which we appreciated much. Dec. 23 a Christmas pro- 

The Program, " Follow Thou Me," 2c each copy. f, ram W3S given by the Sunday-school children. On Christmas night 

° ' ' '' there was a program, including a candle light service, by the choir and 

young ladies. This was also given at the Inglewood church on Dec. 28. 
The Poster (11 bv 17 inches) 5c each Brother and Sister Wilbur Liskey and family from Rosepine, La., 

on their way to take up work at Live Oak, Calif., were visiting here 
and Bro. Liskey gave us the message on Christmas morning. Sister 

A Call to Prayer, similar to the above. Free. Liskey helped with the music in the program.— Mrs. Vinna Bowman, 

Hermosa Beach, Calif., Jan. 9. 
Long Beach. — Dec. 18 we held our homecoming and dedication serv- 

Name ices. Rainy weather hindered many of our friends from attending. 

The local people were well represented. Mr. H. H. Vaniman was 
a jj chairman and B. F. Masterson and Mrs. Emma Root, the speakers. 

•rYuaresS ^phe Plus Ultra Sunday-school class presented a missionary play be- 
fore the Women's Missionary Society and also before the adult Chris- 
Note: If you observe the World Day of Prayer in your own church tian Workers' Society. Members of this class added Christmas cheer 
. to the poor. The senior Bible women s class has been selling small 

the offering may be apphed to the Women s Work National Project. art i c les at Christmas time to assist them in their support of a native 
If it is held with other denominations in your community this can not worker. The Women's Missionary Society through the superintend- 
be done and the offering then should be for interdenominational pur- ence of Mrs. Samuel Horning is actively engaged in the relief of the 
poses. poor. The latest meeting was held at the home of Mrs. Evelyn 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


Upright. The intermediate group of the Christian Endeavor Societies 
is preparing a short play for presentation. They filled a Christmas 
box of food for a poor family. They spent today in the mountains 
enjoying the snow. The Laymen's Brotherhood will hold a fellowship 
banquet on Jan. 10. Christmas was observed by the giving of white 
gifts and special programs in the various departments. The choir gave 
a program of music and tableaux Christmas night. The new addition 
to the church is in use and much appreciated. The Aid Society has 
moved from the basement to a sunny room upstairs. This society 
has made and given comforts to the poor. Recently it held a baked 
goods sale down town. We suffered the loss of a faithful member in 
the passing of Bro. Wm. Beekly. The pastor is putting on some un- 
usual prayer meeting programs, the latest being the presentation of 
an allegory.— Maud M. Trimmer, Long Beach, Calif., Jan. 2. 

McFarland congregation met in council Nov. 30 to elect church of- 
ficers for the coming year. Bro. Blickenstaff was reelected elder; Bro. 
John Moomaw, church clerk; the writer, Messenger correspondent. 
During the pastor's absence in November, due to a minor operation, 
Bro. A. Blickenstaff, Bro. Glen Montz, Sister Martha Shick and Bro. 
Minnich of Pomona, brought us very fine messages. The Aid Society 
has been doing much this winter to help in the welfare work of our 
community. We had a very good Christmas program on Dec. 22 by 
our Sunday-school. After the program, thirty young people went 
over town to scatter Christmas cheer by singing carols. Dec. 31 the 
deputation team of La Verne College gave us a splendid program. The 
work is going along very nicely with interest and good attendance. — 
Veda Moomaw, McFarland, Calif., Jan. 6. 

Modesto church met in council Dec. 9. Officers for the coming year 
were elected: Bro. F. M. Hollenberg, elder; Bro. D. H. Messamer, 
Sunday-school superintendent. We" have no regular pastor at present. 
Dec. 19 the deputation team of La Verne College rendered a splendid 
program. On Christmas morning the smaller children of the Sunday- 
school rendered a program. In the evening the young people gave a 
play and a pageant, entitled, Gifts of Gladness. Five Sunday-school 
pupils have been baptized since the last report. — Irene Kauffman, Mo- 
desto, Calif., Jan. 5. 


Bow Valley. — On Remembrance Day an all-day community program 
was held at the church with a basket dinner at noon. J. H. Shearer, 
a former resident of the community, gave the principal address in the 
afternoon — a masterpiece on the subject of Peace. Arrangements are 
being made whereby this will be an annual event. Nov. 13 and 20 
the United Church held joint services with us and Rev. Dr. Barton, an 
evangelist of the United Church, preached. The first Sunday he spoke 
on The Handwriting on the Wall. Bro. J. H. Brubaker gave a very 
good sermon Dec. 4 on the general outline of missions. Dec. 11 Bro. 
I. M. McCune of the Irricana churches gave us an inspiring sermon on 
Missions. Dec. 13 we held our regular business meeting. Brother 
and Sister Moreash were licensed for one year to preach the Gospel. 
The Sisters' Aid held a supper and candy sale in the church base- 
ment on Dec. 17 and made $65. Christmas Day a short program was 
given by the children and young people of the Sunday-school. — Effie 
Norton, Arrowwood, Alta., Jan. 9. 


Denver church met in council Dec. 21. Officers were elected for the 
year. Bro. I. J. Sollenberger was reelected elder. It was decided to 
have a pre-Easter revival conducted by the pastor. A very good 
Christmas play, A Sign Unto You, was given Dec. 18 sponsored by the 
program committee. On Dec. 25 the children gave a program followed 
by a white gift service. Each person brought some article of food 
wrapped in white paper to be given to the needy. A missionary 
offering was taken, $8.60 being received. — Mrs. Malissa Dove, Denver, 
Colo., Jan. 6. 

Haxtun. — Our church met in council to elect officers for the year. 
Bro. Roscoe Baker was elected elder; Sister Emma Stryker, Mes- 
senger agent; Sister Belle Graybill, correspondent. Our pastor, Bro. 
I. C. Snavely, closes his eight years of work in the Haxtun church on 
April 1. A program was given Thanksgiving evening; the offering of 
$14.50 was turned over to the Junior Band for missions. Bro. Schwalm 
of McPherson College gave us two lectures Nov. 19 and 20. The Sun- 
day-school children gave a very nice Christmas program. Recently 
two letters from the foreign field were read to the congregation, one 
coming from Bro. Crumpacker in China and the other from Bro. 
Ikenberry in India. The Ladies' Aid is working hard to raise their 
share of the budget for the Women's Work in the brotherhood. — 
Maude C. Kinzie, Haxtun, Colo., Jan. 9. 


Tampa.— Nov. 27 Brethren J. D. Reish, A. D. Crist and H. A. 
Spanogle visited the Tampa church to ordain our pastor, Bro. H. M. 
Landis, to the eldership. Also the letters of Bro. P. H. Lauver and 
wife, a licensed minister, were read and his license extended for a year. 
Bro. Lauver and wife at present are assisting in the mission at East 
Tampa. A service was held at the mission Christmas evening. The 
Sunday-school children from the church and mission gave a short 
program followed by a pageant of the nativity by the young people 
of the mission ably assisted by the singers from the church. At the 
close we had our white gift service. The children had been given 
small white bags; they faithfully saved their pennies and our offer- 
ing amounted to $4.20 which is to go to world-wide missions. Dec. 26 
the school pictures from the mission fields were shown at the home 
of the writer under the auspices of the Dorcas circle. Jan. 1, 1932, we 

had seven active members in our circle; now we have thirteen with 
good interest and attendance. — Sarah H. Lauver, Tampa, Fla., Jan. 4. 


Hastings Street congregation met in council Dec. 14. Bro. Slabaugh, 
our elder, led devotions and gave a very interesting talk on Chris- 
tian ideals of life. After the business meeting, we enjoyed a short 
prayer service led by Bro. Gerdes. The Ladies' Aid reports a very 
successful sale on Dec. 8. We wish to take this opportunity to thank 
our many friends for their contributions to our relief work during the 
Christmas season. One congregation, that, of the Nappanee, Indiana, 
church, sent a large truck load of food and clothing. We had a very 
interesting Christmas program, both at the Sunday-school hour and in 
the evening. A feature of the evening program was a song by the 
mothers of the adult C. W. group. A short play given by the Y. P. D. 
closed the program. Bro. John Burton of Des Moines, Iowa, filled the 
pulpit the evening of Jan. 1 and gave us a very interesting message. 
Our attendance in all departments seems to be on the increase and 
we are hoping this will continue. — Ray Dean, Chicago, Illinois, Jan. 10. 

La Motte Prairie. — Our church met in council Jan. 7 with our pas- 
tor, Bro. D. C. Ritchey, presiding. Plans were made for a revival 
this fall and a committee was appointed to arrange for a Vacation 
Bible School some time during the summer. It was decided to make 
some repairs on the church. Our church keenly feels the loss of Bro. 
J. C. Stoner who passed away Dec. 27 after a short illness. — Florence 
Seymour, Palestine, 111., Jan. 9. 

Oak Grove. — Bro. A. R. Coffman of Girard, 111., was with us on 
Oct. 24 in the interest of temperance. The peace declamation contest, 
sponsored by the writer, was held Nov. 13. A large crowd heard the 
ten contestants give their readings on peace. Bro. John Raney being 
confined to his bed at the time of corn harvest, the members and 
neighbors went in and completed his work, cribbing 900 bushels of 
corn on Dec. 1. The Aid furnished the dinner. Bro. Arthur Whisler, 
home from Manchester College, preached for us Jan. 1. — Mrs. Sadie 
Whisler, Cazenovia, 111., Jan. 5. 

Sterling. — Nov. 27 the church enjoyed a program presented by a 
deputation team from the Student Volunteers of Manchester College. 
The election of church officers took place on Dec. 11. Bro. J. F. Bald- 
win was again elected elder. Dec. 25 a Christmas program was given 
by the children, followed by the presentation of white gifts, most of 
which were designated for the needy in the community. In the eve- 
ning an impressive play entitled, The Empty Room, was presented by 
the young people. Our Ladies' Aid Society held a bazaar and bake 
sale just before Christmas, clearing a good sum. — Helen Hoak Eiken- 
berry, Sterling, 111., Jan. 3. 


Onekama church met in council Jan. 7. Arrangements were made 
for a week of pre-Easter services by our pastor, Bro. J. E. Ulery. 
The men of the congregation decided to have a wood bee in order to 
provide wood for the church; the wood is to be donated by James 
Anderson. A beautiful Christmas service was held jointly with the 
Congregational church Dec. 22. The Sunday-school attendance has been 
fifty-four for the last four Sundays, the enrollment being fifty. Our 
mission Sunday-school at Springdale is holding its own with an 
average attendance of twenty. Our membership is fifty-three. Thir- 
teen members were added to the church by baptism during the year. — 
Barbara Deal, Onekama, Mich., Jan. 10. 

Shepherd. — A sectional conference of the B. Y. P. D. was held at 
this church Nov. 6 with about eighty young people in attendance. 
Bro. Chas. Forror brought a helpful message at the afternoon session. 
Recitations and songs also were enjoyed. In the evening a short 
program by the local young people was followed by an inspiring 
address by Bro. E. E. Eshelman. Both addresses helped to carry 
out the conference subject of Faith. We were glad to welcome those 
who attended our homecoming on Thanksgiving Day. Bro. C. L. 
Wilkins was our guest speaker for both morning and afternoon, giv- 
ing strong, inspiring addresses. He also officiated at the communion 
service in the evening. Bro. Chas. Forror gave us ten stirring mes- 
sages during the week following Thanksgiving. Only one so far has 
requested baptism. — Iva A. Harmon, Mt. Pleasant, Mich., Jan. 11. 


Worthington. — The Christmas message was brought this year through 
a pageant and the white gift service, directed by Sister Elsie Finkh. 
Our church has enjoyed in full measure the homecoming of Sister 
Elnora Schechter from the mission field in Africa; she spent about six 
weeks here with her parents, Brother and Sister Joshua Schechter. 
A homecoming service was held at the church in her honor. Sister 
Schechter spoke at twelve other churches and schools, showing in- 
teresting articles and relics which she had brought from Africa. 
The regular quarterly business meeting was held in December when 
it was decided to hold a revival meeting if arrangements can be made. 
—Mrs. Henry Hauenstein, Reading, Minn., Jan. 10. 


Carthage.— Nov. 21 Eld. Floyd L. Jarboe came to us to conduct our 
evangelistic services. After preaching three inspiring sermons he was 
obliged to give up the meeting, his daughter being ill. The church 
was sorry this was necessary and decided to continue the meetings 
under the direction of the pastor, who preached each evening until 
Dec. 4. We observed Thanksgiving Day in a union service at 7 
(Continued on Page 24) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

Around the Table 

(Continued From Page 19) 

in the abundance of the things that he possesseth," the 
underlying principle of this great truth may be im- 
parted to the children at an early age. 

A visit to an Orphans' Home or to a needy family 
will arouse a child's sympathy, and the mother's tactful 
guidance will encourage his own ingenuity and re- 
sourcefulness in helping plan some means of assistance 
for the unfortunate. 

Continuing this line of guidance along constructive 
lines will gradually but certainly develop in your child 
a spirit of self-forgetfulness in the very joy of service. 

Appreciating the Ministry 

(Continued From Page 15) 

The minister's efforts should be appreciated. He 
works hard. I know of no person in all the world who 
works harder than the Christian minister, especially in 
the Church of the Brethren, where his labor is primari- 
ly a labor of love. He is faithful to his God. He is 
faithful and devoted to his people. He is worthy of our 
honor and appreciation. And " the elders that rule 
well," the good Book says, should be counted worthy of 
double honor. 

Bro. Moore in his article says further : " Far too 
often today the rank and file of the membership is not 
being trained to look upon the ministry as a specially 
selected class, set apart by holy ceremonies for a holy 
purpose. We do not regard them as chosen of God, to 
serve at his altar, as the anointed ones, consecrated for 
the higher spiritual services." 

I don't know why we are so chary of kindness. We 
let our ministers go through life without many marks 
of appreciation. We hide our tender interest and kind- 
ly feeling. We seem afraid to give them words of 
praise or encouragement, lest we should seem to flatter, 
lest we should turn their heads. Let us not be ashamed 
to say appreciative words, when they are deserved and 

Appreciation is food to the truest souls. Silence, in 
the presence of needs that words would fill, is sinful. 

At the State Sunday-school Convention I heard this 
interesting incident: A father sent his little girl to 
Sunday-school. When she came home, she sat on his 
lap, and he asked, " Well, what did you learn at church 
today ?" And she said, " I learned that Jesus came as a 
little baby, and the angels praised God because he came. 
Don't you love him for that ? And when he grew to be 
a man he loved little children, and he helped the poor, 
and he healed the sick, and he made the blind to see, and 
the lame to walk, and he always went about doing good. 
Don't you love him for that? And then, wicked men 
nailed him to a cross and he died on the cross that you 

and I might be saved. Oh, don't you love him for 

The child slipped from -her father's lap, and went to 
her play. The father went to his room, and on his 
knees, reconsecrated his life to the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Friends, may I put the little girl's question to you, as 
you think of your relation to your ministers. Week 
after week, year after year, they bring to you and your 
children, your neighbors and friends, the eternal truths 
of God. They feed your souls. God alone knows what 
that effort costs. Don't you love them for that? 

They sacrifice much for you. They do it willingly 
and joyfully. They leave their work at any time to 
minister to your every need. What a comfort the min- 
ister is in times of sickness, in sorrow, in trials, and 
when the various problems of life confront us ! People 
invite the minister to share their personal problems. 
Perhaps no other man carries so many confidences in 
his heart, as does the true Christian minister. He bears 
the burdens of many, and must keep them all to him- 
self. This sends him to his knees, to his Bible, and to 
his God, that he may minister to those needs in the 
spirit of Christ. Don't you love him for that? 

The true minister ministers. He pours out his life 
for the enrichment of others. He is more interested in 
giving than in getting. He gives and gives. He gives 
not only himself. He gives of his means. He usually 
has less of this world's goods than many of his flock, 
yet he is often the ideal for Christlike giving in a con- 
gregation. Don't you love him for that? The apostle 
bids us : " Esteem them very highly in love for their 
work's sake." 

Will you pray, with me, this prayer of the poet? 

"Pour out thy Spirit from on high; 
Lord, thine ordained servants bless; 
Graces and gifts to each supply, 

And clothe them with thy righteousness. 

"Within thy temple where they stand, 

To teach the truth, as taught by thee, 
Savior! like stars in thy right hand, 
The angels of the churches be. 

"Wisdom, and zeal, and faith impart, 
Firmness, with meekness from above, 
To bear thy people on their heart, 

And love the souls whom thou dost love; 

"To watch, and pray, and never faint, 
By day and night strict guard to keep, 
To warn the sinner, cheer the saint, 
Nourish thy lambs, and feed thy sheep. 

"Then, when their work is finished here, 
In humble hope their charge resign; 
When the chief Shepherd shall appear, 
O God! may they and we be thine." 

LiHtS, Pa. __ 

When wealth is lost, nothing is lost; when health is lost, 
something is lost; but when character is lost, all is lost. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 




The Christmas season is a time of opportunity and of 
blessing for the teachers, students, and friends of Bethany 
who are devoting a part of their time to the spiritual min- 
istrations of people about us. In some respects at this 
season we reach one of the pinnacles of our joy and satis- 
faction of the year. We often see gathered at this time 
some of the fruits of a year, or of years of labor. We see 
men and women reflecting an inward joy that only a Christ- 
mas season can call forth. Often we see a new hope, a 
new lease on life, or a reconsecration of life. We hear 
resounding in the hearts of men the old but new song: 
" Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among 
men in whom he is well pleased." 

In our Sunday-schools the boys and girls enter with en- 
thusiasm into the reenactmeut of the Christmas scenes. 
At the First Church on Sunday morning a number of the 
pupils very beautifully and impressively presented to us 
their interpretation of the experiences and occurrences that 
took place on that first Christmas. Near the close of the 
Sunday-school session, the different classes or departments 
brought their white gift offerings, designating for what pur- 
pose each gift was made. The Hastings Street and Douglas 
Park Sunday-schools also gave similar Christmas programs. 
We can not estimate the value of such programs in the 
lives of the children. May these recent Christmas services 
be new milestones in the religious experiences of our com- 
ing generation. 

In the evening at the First Church, the Chinese Sunday- 
school also dramatized some of the scenes of that Christmas 
which was witnessed on the shores of Asia over nineteen 
centuries ago. This presentation was given by Chinese 
people, in Chinese costume, and in the Chinese language. 
The pageant was favorably received by the American audi- 
ence and we trust deep impressions were made upon the 
Chinese people, especially those who are not yet Christians. 
The offering that was received at this time was dedicated 
to a special need in the church in South China. It is to 
help provide for an organ in the church where Bro. Moy 
Gwong preaches and where the families and friends of some 
of our Chinese men worship. 

The hearts of a hundred or more Chinese women and 
children in Chicago were made happy as they received 
from the hands of Sisters Eisenbise and Holderread the 
books, pictures, dolls, and other gifts that had been sent 
in by vacation schools or Sunday-schools. All these special 
efforts and contacts are opening new homes to our workers. 

Our Christian efforts among the Jewish people are only 
too meagre. However, a few accomplishments have been 
realized. One young man, an invalid, who recently received 
the rite of Christian baptism had great joy in eating his 
Christmas dinner at the table of Sister Clara Carr, his 
" spiritual mother." He is always eager to be in her home, 
for he can then receive further Christian teaching. 

At the Gospel Loop church, too, Christmas was a day of 
gladness and wholesome fellowship. It was the joy and 
privilege of the little church of " men saved by grace " to 
set the table and serve one hundred eighty hungry people. 
No one knows how far reaching in the lives of men who 
are both physically and spiritually hungry will be the acts 
of kindness and the messages of Christlike love that were 
ministered on that day. The Christmas dinner, the cheery 

atmosphere, the beautiful decorations, the Christlike fellow- 
ship, and the Christian messages — all helped to make the 
day a success. 

The seventy boys and girls in the Protestant Sunday- 
school at the Chicago Parental School must have received 
a new inspiration and a lasting impression as our workers 
spent two hours singing Christmas carols, showing slides 
on the life of Jesus, and dwelling on the Christmas story. 
Then it was a privilege to give to each of these boys and 
girls a candy bar that had been provided by the Chicago 
Church Women's Federation. One of the workers said, "As 
we go on our way we know that many boys and girls who 
do not have the blessings of good Christian homes, are 
made a little happier because we were privileged to be 
with them. And we share in the joy." 

The Relief Station, too, had a part in spreading the 
Christmas spirit. The special Christmas baskets, made pos- 
sible by some extra gifts by a few friends in the churches, 
added their testimony to the occasion. 

Our workers had the joy of making Christmas a little 
brighter for a few of the forty-five hundred people who are 
living in Chicago's home for the homeless, or as we often 
call it, The County Home. Each inmate in the institution 
was given a little token of the Christmas season. The Mis- 
sionary Society of the First Church contributed one hun- 
dred ninety small glasses of jelly. These individual gifts, 
the brilliantly lighted and beautifully decorated tree, and 
the Christian messages all added cheer and joy to the day. 

The pastors from the school made their Christmas con- 
tributions in their churches by inspiring their parishioners 
to live Christlike lives and also urging sinners to accept him 
who has become the eternal Savior of all who believe. 

Christmas has come and gone. We are now living in a 
new calendar year. May it be a new year of grace to every 
believer. May each Christmas as it comes find us more 
earnest in his work and more like him who came in the 
manger but who is now at the right hand of the Father,, 
and who bids to become the king of our lives. 

Bethany Biblical Seminary. Elgin S. Moyer. 


The seventh annual conference of the young people and 
ministers of Florida and Georgia met at the Seneca camp 
grounds Dec. 28-31. The camp grounds are near the 
churchhouse of the Seneca congregation, six miles east of 
the town of Eustis, Fla. Gathering around the camp fire 
is a phase of the social side of these annual conferences. 

Early on Wednesday evening, Dec. 28, a goodly number 
of young people and others gathered about the pine knot 
fires. The program for the evening consisted of the sing- 
ing of snatches of many songs of days gone by, as well 
as of those of more recent years. Following this the sing- 
ing of a number of sacred songs and hymns was led by 
Sister Fannie Marshall. All enjoyed this feature of the 
program. Near the close of the meeting Eld. C. E. Bower 
favored us with an inspirational address. 

Splendid accommodations for this conference were pro- 
vided by the Seneca church and community. However, a 
good many attending the conference provided their own 
camping outfits. Good meals were served by Bro. Henry 
Boyd and wife of Sebring, Fla. They had very efficient 

The camp fire feature does much to develop the social 
side of life at these conferences. Each evening there were 
suitable programs with nearly all the churches of the dis- 
(Continu'-d on Fage 2C) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

News From Churches 

(Continued From Page 21) 

o'clock in the morning. The meeting was held in a large Presbyterian 
church and was attended by a capacity crowd. Churches and organi- 
zations of the city responded to roll call with quotations of scripture 
or some words commemorating the bicentennial of George Washington. 
Our pastor, Eld. Lester E. Fike, was the speaker of the occasion, using 
as his subject, The Secret of Our Nation's Greatness. Because of in- 
clement weather our council was postponed until Dec. 18. Among other 
things it was decided to conduct services through the week preceding 
Easter. We will likely hold our love feast on Thursday of that week. 
While we have not made much visible progress in the past year y'et 
we face the new year with some reason for encouragement. A short 
program was rendered by the children on Christmas. The church and 
Sunday-school provided Christmas boxes for two needy families. We 
are starting the year with a combined worship program for the church 
and Sunday-school following the class sessions and by this plan we 
hope to hold all the members of the Sunday-school for the church 
service. — Mrs. Lester Fike, Carthage, Mo., Jan. 6. 


James River. — About forty people of the James River and Carring- 
ton churches enjoyed a watch night social with songs, recitations and 
games. A few sentence prayers were given and a closing prayer by 
Bro. G. I. Michael. We met at the D. T. Jones home in the James 
River congregation. Bro. Michael is preaching for us every second 
and fourth Sunday during the winter. The Ladies' Aid has been busy 
making comforts. The local Red Cross furnishes the cotton and back, 
we furnish the top. We have made seven in this way and they are 
donated to the needy in the county.— Mrs. J. W. Schlotman, Carring- 
ton, N. Dak., Jan. 5. 

Surrey church held its quarterly meeting Dec. 3 and elected officers 
for the coming year. D. T. Dierdorff was retained as elder for another 
year. Most of the officers were retained. We have recently installed 
electric lights which are a great improvement. Our Sunday-school 
gave a splendid Christmas program. Dec. 21 our elder, D. T. Dier- 
dorff, and wife celebrated their golden wedding. — Nora E. Petry, Surrey, 
N. Dak., Jan. 5. 


Danville. — The Sunday-school superintendent, Thelma Lauderbaugh, 
has stimulated interest in attendance by presenting a banner to the 
class having the highest per cent of attendance each quarter. A 
record of the number of persons on time each Sunday aids in a better 
devotional period. The children presented a program on Christmas 
morning. The young people gave a musical play and white gift serv- 
ice in the evening when an offering of $107 was received for missions. 
Our pastor and wife attended the pastors' conference at Hartville in 
December. Our Y. P. D. has been contributing to the work support of 
Clara Harper in Africa. It was our church's privilege to have her 
spend a few days here the last week. She talked at both morning and 
evening services on Sunday besides talking to the school and to the 
young people. — Pearl Ross, Danville, Ohio, Jan. 11. 

Ft. McKinley.— The U. B. church joined us in a service on Thanks- 
giving morning. Rev. Roberts, pastor of that church, gave an inspir- 
ing message. An offering was lifted. Oct. 22 communion services were 
held with Bro. E. S. Petry officiating. The evening before one was re- 
ceived into the church by baptism. The training class has completed 
two courses of study with eleven receiving credits. Bro. W. C. Baker 
is teacher. The church met in business meeting Dec. 14. Bro. C. F. 
McKee was retained as elder for another year. Officers for the year 
were elected. The Sunday before Christmas the white gift offerings 
were received for distribution among the needy. — Mrs. W. C. Baker, 
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Harris Creek. — An inspiring series of meetings was held from Nov. 7 
to 20 by Bro. R. H. Nicodemus of Huntington, Ind. He brought us 
wonderful messages. Seven were received by baptism. The meetings 
were followed by a communion on Nov. 21. In the absence of our 
pastor, Bro. D. G. Berkebile, the pulpit was filled by Bro. John Eiken- 
berry of the local congregation on Nov. 27 and Dec. 4, and by Bro. 
David Hollinger from Greenville on Dec. 11. We met in council Dec. 15 
for the election of church officers for the year: Elder, Bro. D. G. 
Berkebile; clerk, Sister Etoile Sargent. A number of baskets were 
donated to the poor in Bradford for Christmas. On Christmas eve- 
ning we enjoyed a program followed by the white gift offering. — Mrs. 
Bertha Y. Hoover, Bradford, Ohio, Jan. S. 

Hartville.— Oct. 30 old people's day was observed at our church, the 
services being conducted by the older members in the manner charac- 
teristic of the services of years ago. Bro. Perry Prather spoke on the 
prohibition question at the church on Nov. 4. The eighth annual Prince 
of Peace contest was held at the Reformed church Nov. 6 with three 
contestants from our church. Thanksgiving Day was filled with spirit- 
ual blessings. The three churches of our town enjoyed a community 
service in the morning at the Lutheran church with Rev. G. M. Lubold 
in charge, assisted by Bro. C. H. Deardorff and Rev. A. C. Renoll. 
Dec. 24 an inspiring Christmas pageant, The Adoration from the Man- 
ger to the Cross, was presented. At this service six young people 
decided for Christ in the gift of self, and were received into the church 
by baptism along with another applicant Dec. 26. The primary depart- 
ment gave its Christmas program Sunday morning, Dec. 25. The 
ministerial institute of Northeastern Ohio was held in our church 
Dec. 27-29 with three sessions each day. The program consisted of 

interesting and inspiring messages. C. D. Bonsack, secretary of the 
Mission Board, was one of the principal speakers. Jan. 7 at the coun- 
cil reports were presented by the various committees. A program for 
the year was adopted. It was decided to have a week of pre-Easter 
services conducted by Bro. S. S. Shoemaker and C. H. Deardorff fol- 
lowed by communion on Easter. The members were in favor of chang- 
ing the time of our business meetings and the next meeting will be on 
the first Thursday evening of the quarter instead of Saturday after- 
noon.— Ethel Stickler, Hartville, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Springfield (N. E.).— On Thanksgiving Day a community service was 
held at the church. Bro. Elden Petry gave us the message in the 
morning which was interesting and well r-eceived. At noon 145 had 
dinner together. In the afternoon we again convened and as many as 
cared to told what they were thankful for. A number responded and 
thoughts were varied and helpful. Brethren S. J. Holl and M. S. 
Young then gave some inspiring messages. The communion was held 
in the evening with 119 surrounding the Lord's table. It was a day 
well spent in God's house for the upbuilding of our spiritual beings. 
Nov. 12 an interesting workers' conference convened at the church. 
Nov. 13 the three neighboring churches held a union Armistice Day 
service at our church. T. B. Clayton brought the message to a large 
audience. Nov. 20 a mother and daughter and missionary society was 
organized. Mrs. C. H. Petry was elected president. Dec. 25 the chil- 
dren of the Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program. Twenty-four 
baskets of provisions were distributed by the church to needy families. 
—Mrs. Fred Young, Mogadore, Ohio, Jan. 5'. 

Stony Creek. — The work here is progressing in a very spiritual and 
uplifting manner. All feel and appreciate the guiding influence of our 
pastor and wife, Brother and Sister C. Walter Warstler. Especially is 
this true of the Y. P. D. The Sunday evening services are planned in 
such a manner as to give the young people departmental work which 
interests and holds them close to the church and also draws many 
other young people to our services. The first of May Bro. Geo. Hyl- 
ton was with us two evenings with his stereopticon views and lectures 
on the famine in China. The mothers and daughters' division of our 
church enjoyed a picnic on June 2f>. On Sunday evening, Aug. 14, an 
old settlers' service was conducted by the older people of the congre- 
gation and community and many interesting things were told about 
the church in its earlier days. Our annual Sunday-school picnic was 
held Aug. 23 at Ohio Caverns. Bro. J. J. Anglemeyer and our pastor 
exchanged pulpits, the latter going to Eagle Creek on Aug. 21 and 
Bro. Anglemeyer coming to us on Sept. 4 for our annual homecoming. 
This was an all-day meeting. Four new members were received into 
the church just before our communion on Oct. 2. Oct. 23 a musical 
sermon was rendered under the supervision of Mrs. A. J. Stayrook. 
Nov. 20 the B. Y. P. D. of the church gave a play entitled, The Vision 
of Tom Blakely. At the council Dec. 2 Bro. Warstler was elected 
elder and Bro. O. L. Hengsteler, clerk. A Christmas program was 
rendered by the children of the Sunday-school on the evening of 
Dec. 25. Bro. Warstler began the fourth year of his pastorate here 
on Dec. 4 at which time he gave a report. Among the things men- 
tioned were that he had made 1,100 pastoral visits, 17 visits to the 
hospital, officiated at 9 anointings, 3 weddings, 14 funerals and 4 coun- 
cils; attended 42 class meetings, 30 B. Y. P. D. meetings and had 
delivered 419 discourses, 4 chapel exercises and a baccalaureate ser- 
mon. At the beginning of his pastorate the membership was 141; it 
is now 169.— Mrs. Lulu Hengsteler, De Graff, Ohio, Jan. 9. 


Thomas. — The following church officers for the coming year were 
elected in council Dec. 30: Elder, E. R. Herndon; clerk, Ernest Gripe; 
Messenger agent, A. L. Williams; correspondent, the writer. At its 
reorganization, Mrs. B. F. Stutzman was elected president of the 
Ladies' Aid. Bro. Ernest Gripe and wife were installed into the office 

Saving Life 

" He that saveth his life shall lose it." When econ- 
omists, such as Roger Babson, tell us that the way 
back to normal living is through church and spiritual 
development, we begin to realize that Christian work is 
not altogether altruistic, but is a basic foundation stone 
of a stable civilization. We can keep the church serv- 
ing by allowing her to serve. One of the real oppor- 
tunities for service comes to us in the " Achievement 
Offering." We hope that every district, every church 
and every member of the brotherhood will take a per- 
sonal interest, and make a personal effort to help keep 
the church serving through this " Achievement Offer- 
ing." Can the Lord depend on you? — Earl M. Frantz, 
District Field Man, Northeastern Kansas. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


of deacon New Year's Day. Because of weather conditions at the close 
of our revival, the love feast to have been held at that time has been 
deferred until spring. The meetings begun by Bro. D. J. McCann of 
Oklahoma City on Nov. 28, closed Dec. 11, in the midst of one of the 
heaviest snows we have experienced for some years. During the meet- 
ings two young girls went forward and were baptized Christmas Day. 
Other services of Christmas were a program and treats for the Sun- 
day-school and a sermon by the pastor, Bro. A. L. Williams. Since our 
last report to the Messenger the B. Y. P. D. of western Oklahoma met 
at Thomas Nov. 26-27. Interest centered in a historical study of the 
Brethren Church and its challenge to young people of today. The next 
meeting will be in the Oklahoma City church.— Haven Hutchison, 
Thomas, Okla., Jan. 8. 


Augbwick.— Rockhill church held a two weeks' revival beginning 
Nov. 20 and closing Dec. 4, conducted by our pastor, Bro. H. W. 
Hanawalt. Four were added to the church by baptism at the close 
of the meetings. Two aged persons, a husband, eighty-four, and wife, 
seventy-eight years old, were baptized some weeks before the meet- 
ing. Our pastor brought us some very inspiring sermons. Rev. 
Warner of Orbisonia delivered a fine sermon one evening. Dec. 4 the 
Evangelical male chorus of Lewistown rendered several selections which 
all enjoyed very much. Bro. David Hanawalt brought a helpful mes- 
sage that evening. We feel encouraged and strengthened by the meet- 
ing. — Mrs. Bertha Chilcoat, Rockhill Furnace, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Big Swatara church met in council Dec. 12. Bro. U. L. Gingrich 
was ordained as elder, the service being in charge of Elders S. H. 
Hertzler and R. P. Bucher. The Brooklyn church asked for food and 
clothes for their needy members. Three deacons were asked to look 
after this work and they received a large supply of things. Our 
church held a revival meeting at the Hanoverdale church Dec. 4 to 22. 
We had a glorious meeting. Twenty-nine stood for Christ; twenty-two 
were baptized on New Year's Day and four one week later. Two have 
been reclaimed and one awaits baptism. Eld. R. P. Bucher was the 
evangelist. He did a wonderful work in our church in winning souls 
and his strong gospel sermons brought spiritual strength. — Mrs. J. N. 
Wright, Hummelstown, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Carlisle church met in council. Eld. Michael Markey of the Minis- 
terial Board, with Eld. A. S. Baugher, was present for the purpose 
of holding an election for a presiding elder. The church elected our 
pastor, H. M. Snavely, as elder for one year. The organization was 
effected as follows: church secretary, J. E. Faulkner; Messenger agent, 
Lewis Hull; trustee, C. S. Cohick. The church decided to create a 
finance board of five members including the chairman of board of 
trustees and the church treasurer; one member to be elected for three 
years, one for two years and one for one year, one for a term of three 
years each year thereafter. The church is going forward under the 
leadership of our pastor. — J. E. Faulkner, Carlisle, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Chambersburg. — Brother and Sister C. E. Grapes began pastoral 
work here Nov. 1. A reception for them was given on Nov. 4 with a 
goodly number present. A short, unique program was rendered which 
was much enjoyed. We held our love feast Nov. 13. Bro. Conklin 
officiated. Other visitors were Brethren Flohr, Lightner and Mentzer. 
Bro. W. G. Group, president of the District Ministerial Board, con- 
ducted the installation of the pastor on Nov. 20. Bro. Grapes began a 
revival Nov. 20 and closed Dec. 4. He preached seventeen sermons and 
did much visiting and personal work assisted by some of the members. 
The services were well attended and the church was spiritually bene- 
fited. As a direct result of the meeting there were fifteen baptisms, 
one received on former baptism, twenty-one confessions and five who 
await baptism. On Christmas Sunday the children gave a program 
and in the evening the young people gave a pageant. The Beacon Bible 
class gave fifteen baskets to needy ones for Christmas. A Bible insti- 
tute is to be held Feb. 11 and 12 in charge of Elizabethtown College 
instructors. B. Y. P. D. convenes each Sunday evening. We have 
been holding cottage prayer meetings during the winter. — Ina M. 
Brumbaugh, Chambersburg, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Connellsville. — Our fall love feast and communion was held Nov. 6 
with a fine attendance. Pastor Ralph E. Shober officiated, assisted 
by Bro. I. R. Pletcher and Bro. Ordo Pletcher. Six accepted Christ 
by baptism prior to the communion service; one of them, a grand- 
mother, passed to her reward seven weeks later. On Nov. 20 we 
were privileged to have Bro. H. Spenser Minnich of Elgin deliver the 
message at the morning service. A thanksgiving offering was taken 
for home missions. On Thanksgiving Day we cooperated in the union 
thanksgiving service which was held in the Baptist church. Christ- 
mas Day was fittingly observed by the children of the Sunday-school 
supplying the program for the morning service and the young people 
for the evening. We used the dime containers for our Christmas mis- 
sion offering. On New Year's evening the pastor gave an illustrated 
lecture on, The Old Book Finding New Friends, which was witnessed 
by a large and appreciative audience. The week of prayer was ob- 
served by thirteen churches of the city — the pastors exchanging pulpits. 
Our pastor exchanged with the pastors of the Baptist, Methodist, 
Christian and Reformed churches. On Sunday, Jan. 8, Bro. Shober 
closed his sixth year of service with the Connellsville church. Brother 
and Sister Oliver H. Austin of McPherson, Kans., will be with us 
in an evangelistic meeting beginning March 29 and closing on Easter 
Sunday, April 16, with love feast and communion. — Mrs. Mary C. 
Shober, Connellsville, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Falling Spring. — We held our love feast at the Hade house on Oct. 29 
and 30. We very much enjoyed having a number of visiting minis- 

ters with us, among whom were Elders Simon Bucher and Aaron 
Heisey from Lebanon, Bro. Heisey officiating. Bro. Carrol Valentine 
came to us on Nov. 6 and began a series of meetings at the Mount 
Zion house which continued until Nov. 20. The meetings were in- 
tensely interesting as well as deeply spiritual. Bro. Valentine preached 
seventeen gospel sermons with power and conviction. Bro. Luther 
Shanholtz from Levels, W. Va., came to us on Dec. 4, and began a 
series of meetings at the Brown's Mill house which continued until 
Dec. 21. Bro. Shanholtz gave us twenty Spirit-filled sermons and 
made seventy visits while in our midst. Nine precious souls were 
baptized and one was reclaimed. The Thanksgiving services were held 
at the Hade house. Bro. Carrol Valentine preached for us. An offer- 
ing was lifted for the benefit of the home congregation. Bro. Frank 
Sargent spent several days in our congregation in the interest of 
Bethany. The Shady Grove Sunday-school held its Christmas pro- 
gram on the evening of Dec. 23. The children were also treated to 
candy and oranges and the evening was enjoyed by all present. — 
Grace E. Smith, Waynesboro, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Hooversville. — Dec. 23 a Christmas program was rendered. Sunday 
morning, Dec. 25, Bro. Wm. Zimmerman gave us a message. At a 
recent council meeting church officers were elected. Bro. W. D. Pum- 
mel is our elder for another year. Bro. Kenneth Koontz was reelected 
clerk; Bro. H. E. Shaffer, treasurer; Ladies' Aid, Messenger agent; the 
writer, correspondent. Brethren Kenneth Koontz and Wm. Zimmerman 
were installed into the full time ministry at this meeting. Every two 
weeks the teaching of the symbols is conducted by our pastor, W. D. 
Rummel. — Blanche M. Hershberger, Hooversville, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Indian Creek congregation met Dec. 10 with Eld. Elmer M. Moyer 
presiding. After several matters of unfinished business were disposed 
of the matter of having our cemetery association chartered and in- 
corporated was considered. We decided to do so by a vote that was 
practically unanimous. We also agreed to extend a call to the Volun- 
teer group of Elizabethtown College to conduct a service in our church 
some time during January or February. Also to have a Bible insti- 
tute with members of the faculty of Elizabethtown College as instruc- 
tors on Feb. 18 and 19. Bro. I. S. Bucher, secretary and treasurer of 
our Sunday-school, presented his annual interesting report. Highlights 
of the report were the largest enrollment and best attendance in the 
history of the school and total Sunday-school missionary offerings dur- 
ing the year of $419. As to the splendid attendance record, the past 
year showed 121 scholars had a perfect record for the year, twenty 
missed one Sunday and ten missed two Sundays. The Christian Edu- 
cation conference conducted in our church by the Board of Christian 
Education of Eastern Pennsylvania Dec. 1 to 4 was well attended and 
enjoyed by all who availed themselves of this opportunity of instruc- 
tion in vital subjects. The instructors were Nathan Martin of Leba- 
non, Pa., and A. C. Baugher of Elizabethtown, Pa. The Sunday after- 
noon and evening sessions were especially helpful and interesting. 
Topics discussed were Self-control in Daily Living and The Truth about 
Prohibition. The special music for the two sessions was furnished by 
quartets from the Mingo and Hatfield churches in a manner greatly 
enjoyed and appreciated by all. The climax of the conference was 
reached in the closing session in the masterful and exceedingly inter- 
esting address by Bro. Baugher on the subject, The World Is Waiting 
for the Sunrise. — Mathias P. Landis, Vernfield, Pa., Jan. S. 

Lancaster. — Oct. 2 was rally day with 214 present in Sunday-school. 
Also had the promotion of pupils and the service for the installation 
of officers for the following year. Oct. 27 a chalk talk program was 
given by H. Paul Cox of Bellwood, Pa. Oct. 30 was the missionary and 
children's project program and the offering amounted to $135.16. Our 
love feast and communion was held Nov. 6 with Eld. John Roop of 
Westminster, Md., officiating. Our elder in charge. Eld. R. P. Bucher, 
conducted our revival meetings from Nov. 7 to 20 with five members 
added to the church. Nov. 27 the anniversary and homecoming pro- 
gram of the Lancaster City church was held with all-day services. 
Dec. 20 was our regular quarterly church council with Eld. R. P. 
Bucher presiding. Elders I. W. Taylor, S. H. Hertzler and H. K. 
Ober were present and the church elected Bro. Henry Bucher as min- 
ister and Bro. I. Wayne Keller and Bro. Ernest Miller were elected 
deacons. Dec. 18 the chorus rendered a cantata called the Holy Child. 
Bro. William Glassmire was the leader and it was well rendered and 
enjoyed by all present. Dec. 25 the children rendered a Christmas pro- 
gram for us called O Come, All Ye Faithful. It was very impressive 
and we appreciated the effort put forth. — Dora N. Sauder, Lancaster, 
Pa., Jan. 2. 

Lewistown. — Sept. 25 the fortieth anniversary of the congregation of 
this Sunday-school was observed in a harvest home setting. The 
speaker of the occasion was Eld. H. A. Spanogle of Sebring, Fla., 
who was chosen the superintendent the first Sunday. He recalled the 
history of forty years' effort in this city. The offering of fruit and 
vegetables was distributed to the needy the following day. Oct. 9 
rally day was observed. A liberal offering was made toward the 
current expenses of the church. Officers and teacher! for the new 
year were installed. O. O. Brumbaugh begins his fourth year as super- 
intendent. The same evening the Y. P. D. began their new year. 
The topic for discussion was Prohibition. Communion was observed 
Oct. 16. Six united with the church at that time and four recently. 
A community leadership training school for Lewistown and vicinity 
was held in the Brethren church with Bro. Clyde Horst as dean; it 
closed Nov. 3 with an appropriate commencement address by Rev. 
Rupley of the Reformed church. Forty-five persons received credit 
certificates. The children's division of the Sunday-school rendered a 
(Continued on Page 28) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


(Continued From Page 23) 

trict helping. The Seneca B. Y. P. D. deserves special 
mention. The last program on Dec. 31 was in charge of 
Bro. H. M. Landis and wife of the Tampa church. It was 
a watch party program. Stereopticon views of the Holy 
Land and of Syria given by Seneca on Friday night were 
enjoyed by all. The morning watch and vesper services 
provided helpful inspiration. 

A disappointing feature of this conference was the smaller 
than usual attendance, due to sickness, the depression, etc. 
The illness of Bro. M. R. Zigler prevented his attendance. 
While we regretted this very much we were pleased to 
have Bro. R. W. Schlosser of Elizabethtown College and 
Eld. Manley Deeter of Milford, Ind., present to take Bro. 
Zigler's part. Bro. Schlosser handled in a very masterful 
way the following subjects : Stewardship of Possession, 
Doctrine of Redemption and a sermon on Ancient Summons 
to a Modern Age. He also favored us with an analysis of 
hymns and discussions of several topics of general interest. 
Bro. Deeter ably discussed the Doctrine of Prayer, and also 
joined in the discussion of other subjects on the program. 
Several subjects such as Spiritual Enrichment of Our Lives, 
Peace and War, Comparison of the Worldly Allurements 
with what the church offers, just how far can Christians 
mingle with the world and still retain their integrity? The 
Youth of Today in the Homes of Tomorrow, Place of 
Music in Church Service, were ably handled by persons of 
our district. 

We are entering upon the work of the church with a 
new enrichment of our lives for duties, tasks and pleasures 
for the year. Go Forward was the theme of the closing 
sermon of the conference by Eld. J. D. Reish of Sunnyland, 
Fla. He is secretary of the Mission Board of Florida and 
will gladly give information concerning the work of the 
church and where best to locate to further the cause of 
Christ in Florida. J. w. Chambers. 

Orlando, Fla. 


Eld. Jesse C. Stoner, son of Daniel and Esther (Pfoutz) 
Stoner, was born in Montgomery County near Dayton, 
Ohio, July 19, 1844. He passed to the great beyond Dec. 

27, 1932, aged 88 years. 

On Nov. 15, 1866, he mar- 
ried Mary Bookwalter. In 1871 
they came to Illinois and re- 
sided on La Motte Prairie near 
Palestine. His wife preceded 
him in death Jan. 26, 1922, also 
six children and one great- 
grandchild. Seven children, 
fifteen grandchildren and ten 
great-grandchildren survive. 

In 1872 he united with the 
La Motte Prairie Church of 
the Brethren and was baptized 
by Eld. Michael Forney of 
Parkersburg, 111. In 1883 he 
was called to the ministry and 
in 1893 was ordained elder, 
having charge of the La Motte Prairie church for thirty- 
six years and of the Big Creek (Richland County) church 
for ten years. He was a regular attendant at both Annual 
and District Conferences. Even though he had, in his 

advanced age, retired from the active ministry, his place 
at church services was seldom vacant. 

In his home there was always a hearty welcome for 
everyone. Visiting ministers and evangelists often shared 
his hospitality and he delighted in entertaining them. 

Funeral services at the La Motte Prairie church were 
conducted by Eld. W. T. Heckman assisted by Brethren 
I. D. Heckman and D. C. Ritchey. Burial in Oak Grove 
cemetery. Thus ends the life of a beloved father in Israel, 
whose presence and counsel will be greatly missed in the 
home, the church and the community. 

Palestine, 111. Ethel Goodwin. 


" Don't give up the ship," were the dying words of 
Captain Lawrence. We hope it will not be sacrilegious to 
use it in reference to the church on the sea of time. I 
believe Paul would say — 

" Shout the saying from shore to shore, 
Hang it as a motto o'er every door." 

Satan is waging a financial warfare against the church 
as never before. If he can get us to forsake the financing 
of the church, he has achieved a great victory. 

Many of us have lost homes, but that is only what we 
would have to leave, when we bid adieu to time, proving 
true Christ's statement, " Lay not up for yourselves treas- 
ures on earth." Every dollar given to the achievement 
offering is deposited in the vaults of heaven. 

Let us rally to the standard, " Don't give up the ship." 
Satan has deceived us in the past, but from henceforth let 
us take Christ at his word, " Lay up for yourselves treasures 
in heaven." This is the only safe investment to bring sure 
returns. Yours for victory in Northern Missouri. 

Stet, Mo. Oscar Diehl. 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Bolinger-Heminger. — By the undersigned at the home of the bride's 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. 0. E. Heminger, East Wenatchee, Paul S. Bol- 
inger and Miss Erma Heminger, Jan. 1, 1933.— W. Earl Breon, Wenat- 
chee, Wash. 

Brookhart-Meisky. — By the undersigned Dec. 31, 1932, at the home of 
the bride's mother in Lone Tree, Iowa, Mr. Ernest W. Brookhart of 
Conesville, Iowa, and Miss Vera A. Meisky. — D. F. Landis, Muscatine, 

Greene-Landis. — By the undersigned Dec. 31, 1932, at the home of Sis- 
ter Ella Meisky of Lone Tree, Iowa, Mr. Paul Greene of Byron, 111., and 
Miss Olive Landis of Muscatine, Iowa. — D. F. Landis, Muscatine, Iowa. 


Anderson, Mrs. Essie, Onekama, Mich., died at the hospital at 
Manistee, Dec. 21, 1932, at the age of 53 years. Death was due to 
peritonitis following an operation. One year ago at Easter time she 
and her daughter were baptized into the Church of the Brethren. The 
great influence of her Christian life was made evident when two sons 
and a sister were baptized on Christmas Day following her death. Sur- 
viving are her husband, three sons, two daughters, seven grandchil- 
dren and her parents. Services by the pastor, Bro. J. E. Ulery. Inter- 
ment in the Onekama cemetery. — Barbara Deal, Onekama, Mich. 

Beeghly, Michael J., born at Accident, Md., Nov. 22, 1848, died at his 
home at Sabetha, Kans., Dec. 12, 1932. He came in a covered wagon 
in 1884 with a company of the pioneers to Brown County, Kans. In 
1886 he married Amanda Hershberger who survives with five children, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


two sisters and a brother. He became a member of the Church of 
the Brethren when a young man and he had been an ardent and loyal 
supporter all these years. In his religious life he was always consci- 
entious and aggressive. He was a man of strong convictions and was 
always ready to support them to the very best of his ability. His 
loyal and courageous fight for the kingdom of God was an inspira- 
tion to those who knew him. Funeral services in the Sabetha church 
by his pastor assisted by Roy Kistner.— Earl M. Frantz, Sabetha, 

Bowman, Sister Loulie Mary, daughter of Bro. Richard and Pernie 
Webster, died Jan. 2, 1933. She was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for twenty-four years. In 1920 she was united in marriage 
to Bro. Luther D. Bowman. Her health had been failing for several 
months. Until the first of December, she continued about her home 
and church duties. Her death came after several days of serious 
illness, bringing her life to a close at the age of 37 years. Surviving 
are her husband, one daughter, five sons, her mother, five sisters and 
three brothers. Funeral services were conducted in Bethlehem church 
by her pastor, Bro. H. C. Eller, assisted by Elders N. C. Peters and 
J. A. Naff. Interment was in the church cemetery.— Mrs. H. C. Eller, 
Boone Mill, Va. 

Bowman, Eld. Asa, born in Floyd County, Va., Aug. 12, 1863, died 
at his home in Roanoke, Va., Jan. 6, 1933. He united with the church 
Jan. 11, 1885, was elected to the ministry in 1902, ordained in 1914. He 
married Martha Ellen Yearout Dec. 9, 1888. To this union were born 
eleven children. The wife, ten children and twelve grandchildren sur- 
vive. Eld. Bowman served as a member on the District Mission Board 
of Southern Virginia for nine years and in the ministry for over thirty 
years. He had been in declining health for some years. An attack of 
influenza with other complications caused his death. Funeral services 
by the writer assisted by Eld. Homer Spradlin at the Christiansburg 
church. Interment in the Christiansburg cemetery.— Levi Garst, Salem, 

Brumbaugh, Alva J., son of John and Elizabeth Shank Brumbaugh, 
born at Dixon, 111., in 1880, died at his home in Sabetha, Kans., Dec. 26, 
1932, after a long illness which dated back to the flu epidemic of 1918! 
He is survived by his mother, one brother and one sister. In the in- 
tense suffering of the past few years he was an example of uncomplain- 
ing fortitude. Funeral at the home of his mother by the writer.— 
Earl M. Frantz, Sabetha, Kans. 

Campbell, Lizzie V., born near Roanoke, Va., May 12, 1852, died 
Jan. 4, 1933. She was the daughter of John and Susanna Flory Bru- 
baker. She had five brothers and three sisters, all of whom preceded 
her. She married Samuel G. Campbell July 28, 1870. Her husband 
passed away seven years ago. They had no children, so when failing 
health and advancing age overtook them they came to the Brethren 
Home at Darlow. Early in life she accepted Christ and united with 
the Church of the Brethren, remaining faithful. She died after sev- 
eral weeks of sickness and suffering. Funeral services at the Home by 
the undersigned.— J. R. Smith, Hutchinson, Kans. 

Dodd, Margaret Ann, died at the home of her daughter in New 
Hope, Va., Dec. 5, 1932, aged 78 years. Feb. 22, 1872, she married John 
J. Dodd. To this union were born nine children, eight of whom sur- 
vive with thirty-five grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren. Her 
husband preceded her six years ago. For many years she was a faith- 
ful member of the Church of the Brethren. Funeral services in the 
Barren Ridge church by Eld. N. W. Coffman assisted by Eld. C. M. 
Driver and C. W. Tinsman. Interment in adjoining cemetery.— Helen 
Coffman, Staunton, Va. 

Erbaugh, Barbara Ann, nee Bookwalter, born near Liberty, Ohio, 
May 23, 1860, died Jan. 4, 1933, at her home in Trotwood. She' was a 
daughter of Joseph and Susan Bookwalter. Sept. 18, 1881, she married 
Samuel A. Erbaugh. A short time after their marriage they, united 
with the Church of the Brethren at the old Wolfe Creek church. She 
lived a beautiful Christian life in the community. To this union were 
born five sons and one daughter. Surviving are four sons, a brother, 
sister, and thirteen grandchildren. Services by the writer assisted by 
N. B. Wine of Dayton. Interment in the Bear Creek cemetery.— W. D. 
Fisher, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Forbes, Napoleon B., died Dec. 23, 1932, aged 73 years. He married 
Miss Elizabeth A. Nunley forty-five years ago. Eight children were 
born to them, three of whom preceded him. He was a loyal member 
of the Boone Mill Christian church and always stood firm for what 
he believed to be right. Services at the home by Bro. Will Naff and 
Elders E. E. Bowman and R. L. Peters. Interment in the family burial 
plot.— J. E. Forbes, Charmco, W. Va. 

Frick, Noah, son of Abia and Susanna Frick, died Dec. 23, 1932, aged 
63 years, 11 months and 27 days. In October, 1909, he united with the 
Church of the Brethren. Sept. 5, 1889, he married Dora Stitt who died 
about a month later. His second wife, Flora A. Daily, died June 28, 
1909. Sept. 3, 1912, he married Clara Frick. One daughter and one son 
from this marriage survive with the mother, and three daughters of 
his second marriage, also one brother and two sisters. Services in the 
Springfield church by Bro. Wyatt assisted by Bro. Myers and Bro. 
Petry. Burial in church cemetery.— Elmer E. Frick, Louisville, Ohio. 

Golladay, Bro. Isaac D., born Jan. 14, 1864, at Quicksburg, Va., died 
at his residence near Bristow, Va., on Nov. 6, 1932. He was the oldest 
son of Ephraim and Rebecca (Good) Golladay. His two brothers and 
one sister preceded him. He was in good health up until six months 
ago when he began to complain with heart and stomach trouble. 
June 14, 1887, he married Miss Eleanor Neff. Four daughters and 

three sons were born to them. His wife preceded him Dec. 22, 1901. 
A daughter and two sons of this- union remain. Nov. 15, 1903, he mar- 
ried Miss Sallie Hray. Five daughters and one son were born to 
them. His wife died March 13, 1925. In 1907 he moved with his family 
to Narrow Passage, near Woodstock, Va., and Oct. 3, 1925, to Bristow, 
Va. Aug. 15, 1930, he married Miss Edna Baley who survives, also 
five daughters, two sons and nine grandchildren. He united with the 
Church of the Brethren at the age of seventeen and was a faithful 
member until death. At the age of twenty-one he with a friend dis- 
covered what are now known as the Shenandoah Caverns. After a 
short service at his home by Bro. Blough the body was taken to Cedar 
Grove for burial. Services by Bro. Lawrence Helsley assisted by Bro. 
Huffman. — Nettie Golladay, Washington, D. C. 

Grapes, Bro. John Robert, died at his home near Slanesville, W. Va., 
Jan. 1, 1933, aged 71 years. He was in failing health for the last three 
years. He was a life-long member of the Church of the Brethren. 
He is survived by his wife and two children. Funeral services in the 
Salem Methodist church by the writer assisted by Bro. Paul Daugh- 
erty. Interment in the near-by cemetery. — B. M. Rollins, Keyser, 
W. Va. 

Hammer, Phoebe Ann, died Dec. 13, 1932, aged 80 years. For three 
years she had been a patient sufferer. She was a faithful member of 
the Brethren Church which she loved and served for many years. She 
is survived by one son and one daughter. Her husband preceded her 
a number of years ago. Funeral services at the Hammer church by 
the pastor, Isaac J. Garber, assisted by Rev. L. H. Patterson, Presby- 
terian. Burial in the family cemetery. — Neva Kendrick Garber, Frank- 
lin, W. Va. 

Harris, Mary Catherine, daughter of Willie and Mary Harris, was 
born April 27, 1859, died at her home near Bean Station, Tenn., Dec. 11, 
1932. She united with the Church of the Brethren when about eighteen 
and remained a devoted and consecrated member. Her faith and 
spirit remained unbroken even unto her last days when her health was 
failing. She married J. T. Harris May 22, 1881. To this union were 
born seven children, two of whom preceded her. The father passed 
away June 28, 1932. She has one sister living. Services by R. B. 
Pritchett from the Meadow Branch church and interment in the church 
cemetery. — Frank W. Isenberg, Mooresburg, Tenn. 

Hathaway, Mrs. Reno Kanzleiter, was born in Ohio on Jan. 24, 1886, 
died Jan. 7, 1933, at the age of 46 years, 11 months and 14 days. Her 
parents moved from Ohio to Reno County, Kans., when she was a 
child. In 1902 she was united in marriage to John William Hatha- 
way. To this union were born thirteen children twelve of whom sur- 
vive. When the influenza came she kept going until penumonia set in. 
In 1916 she united with the Eden Valley Church of the Brethren where 
she held membership until death. Services were conducted in the Eden 
Valley church by the writer and interment made in the Fairview 
cemetery of St. John. — H. D. Michael, St. John, Kans. 

Hill, Sister Mary E., 80 years old, had been a member of the Church 
of the Brethren for more than sixty years. She was a woman of 
sterling Christian character. She had been a great sufferer for thir- 
teen years. She was anointed several times during her illness. She 
was preceded by her husban^ fifteen years ago. She is survived by 
six sons, four daughters and a number of grandchildren. Funeral 
services at the Mt. Zion church by Elders P. I. and S. L. Garber. 
Burial in cemetery adjoining. — Mrs. Lizzie Myers, Edom, Va. 

Holler, Perry E., died Dec. 18, 1932, aged 84 years. He spent most 
of his life in Montgomery County, Ohio. He taught a few terms, after- 
ward following the trade of contractor and builder. He married Susan 
M. Ullery in 1873. Three sons and one daughter were born to them. 
His wife preceded him thirty-six years ago. Surviving are the four 
children, two brothers and nine grandchildren. He was a member of 
the Church of the Brethren for many years. Services by the writer. 
Interment in Mt. McKinley cemetery. — W. D. Fisher, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Kemp, Jerry J., son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Kemp, born June 5, 
1932, died Dec. 31, 1932. He is survived by his parents, three brothers 
and three sisters. Funeral services at the home by W. D. Rummel. — 
Blanche M. Hershberger, Hooversville, Pa. 

Kims, John G., son of Daniel and Mary (Zumbrun) Kuns, born 
March 28, 1853, died Dec. 7, 1932. He was born on a farm near Trot- 
wood, in a log house put up by his grandfather. Although he re- 
mained a farmer he was a man of wide and varied interests and was 
very public spirited. He married Rachael A. Garber who died in 1916. 
Five children survive with seven grandchildren. He became a member 
of the Trotwood Church of the Brethren in 1905 and continued a faith- 
ful member until death. He always took an active interest in the wel- 
fare of the congregation. Services in the Trotwood church by Chas. 
L. Flory assisted by Wm. Swinger and the writer. Interment in the 
Cedar Hill cemetery. — W. D. Fisher, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Lambert, Richard (Dick) Glenn, died Dec. 23, 1932, aged 25 years. 
He was a member of the Church of the Brethren. He had been in 
failing health for several years and death came after a long illness 
with which he made a courageous fight. He is survived by his wife, 
who was Miss Anna Mary Frye of Bridgewater, Va., one son, par- 
ents, three brothers and five sisters. Services by I. L. Bennett assisted 
by Isaac J. Garber. — Neva Kendrick Garber, Franklin, W. Va. 

Lentz, Warren G., born near Trotwood, Dec. 23, 1877, died at his 
home Dec. 22, 1932. He was the son of George and Catherine Lentz. 
In December, 1901, he united with the Church of the Brethren remain- 
ing a loyal and consecrated member. He married Altha Mae Diehl 
(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

News From Churches 

(Continued From Page 25) 
pleasing program Christmas morning, followed by a short address by 
Bro. Horst on Christian Good Will. In the evening the cantata, O 
Come Ye to Bethlehem, was presented. New Year's Day brought to 
the congregation much spiritual help and inspiration from the pastor's 
sermons — 1933 Ideals and The Universal Call to Prayer, as well as the 
messages in song by the men's chorus. The Aid Society has made 
many garments for the Red Cross to give to the needy. — Catherine 
Spanogle, Lewistown, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Locust Grove church convened in council Jan. 8. Just previous to 
the business meeting a short program was rendered by the young 
people's group, which brought a larger attendance than usual for the 
business part. The following church officers were elected: Elder, 
Arthur Rummel; clerk, W. G. Wilson; Messenger agent, Ralph Fyock; 
trustee, Ralph Berkebile; the writer, Messenger correspondent. At our 
previous meeting it was decided to begin the church year Oct. 1 in- 
stead of Jan. 1, for which reason the above officers will serve only nine 
months. Members were also chosen on finance, ministerial, mission- 
ary and welfare committees. Dec. 23 the young people rendered a 
candle light service and on Sunday evening, Dec. 25, a program was 
given by the children's division of the Sunday-school. Afterward a 
beautiful quilt was presented by the Aid of the church to our pastor, 
Bro. L. B. Harshberger, and wife. — Mrs. W. G. Wilson, Johnstown, 
Pa., Jan. 9. 

Mercersburg. — We held our annual Sunday-school meeting Oct. 23. 
An address to the children was given by Sister Whitacre. Other ad- 
dresses were: How Can a Superintendent Best Meet the Problems of 
the Sunday-school? by H. R. Rowland; How to Develop the Latent 
Talent in the Sunday-school, by Amos Funk; The Responsibility of the 
Adult in the Sunday-school, by Levi K. Ziegler. Special music was 
rendered by the children and by the mixed chorus, quartet and male 
chorus from the Chambersburg church. Bro. H. Spenser Minnich of 
Elgin also gave us a short talk. The meeting was very practical and 
uplifting. Bro. B. G. Stauffer of Manheim, Pa., began a series of 
evangelistic services on Nov. 6 and continued for two weeks. He 
delivered seventeen inspiring sermons. One young man from our 
Sunday-school was baptized shortly before the meeting began. We 
had our Christmas program on Dec. 25. — Mrs. Sarah A. Keller, Mer- 
cersburg, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Mingo church met in council Dec. 10. The officers of the Sisters' 
Aid Society were reelected. A Sunday-school board was organized. We 
decided to have the church service following the love feast at the 
house where the love feast is held. Bro. J. N. Cassel was reelected 
elder for a term of three years. Bro. D. W. Weaver of Birdsboro and 
Bro. Wm. Delp of Hatfield assisted with the election. Nov. 28 we 
began our evangelistic meetings with Bro. D. W. Weaver in charge. 
He labored in a faithful and diligent way. As a result one decided for 
Christ. — Carrie K. Hoffman, Collegeville, Pa., Dec. 31. 

New Fairview. — The two weeks' revival meeting conducted by Bro. 
I. N. H. Beahm was very inspiring. As a result twelve were baptized. 
Oct. 16 our love feast was held. Bro. G, Howard Danner gave the 
examination sermon and W. N. Zobler officiated at the love feast. The 
offering for missions at this time was $36.10. Bro. M. N. Jacobs of 
York gave the evening sermon Oct. 23. Nov. 13 a number from our 
congregation motored to Mt. Horeb church near Clarksville, Va., to 
attend the opening; this church had been closed for nearly forty years. 
We held services Thanksgiving eve and also Christmas morning. Jan. 2 
we met in council. We expect to have a Bible institute in the near 
future. Several church officers were also elected at this time. — H. B. 
Markey, York, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Philadelphia (First). — We ran a six weeks' percentage campaign in 
our Sunday-school. The intermediates won; for this they had the 
honor of having full charge of the Sunday-school on Dec. 11. Each 
Tuesday evening a Bible and teacher-training class is taught by Sister 
Granville Moyer, a graduate of the Bible Institute of Pennsylvania. 
The week-day Bible school which meets each Wednesday added a par- 
ents' class which is taught by Sister Murphy. This makes the fifth 
class in our school. In the Oct. 22 issue it was stated that our his- 
torian, Bro. R. L. Howe, presented to the church a copy of the his- 
tory of the First church. This was a mistake. What he presented 
was an alphabetical list of membership for the past 115 years, collateral 
to the history itself.— Mrs. Wm. W. B. Schnell, Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Philadelphia (Germantown). — Dec. 11 at the young people's meeting 
a young man, a convert from the jungles of Africa (whose father is 
the chief of a large tribe), gave his personal testimony as to how he 
was called .o follow Christ after hearing a missionary tell the gospel 
story. His was a most soul- stirring and inspiring testimony. He is 
a student of the Bible Institute of Pennsylvania, preparing for serv- 
ice in order to return to his own people as a missionary. At the eve- 
ning church service he spoke of the customs of his people and played 
some music on a native instrument. On Christmas eve our young 
people went out singing carols for many homes and shut-ins. On 
Christmas Day our pastor preached a sermon, None Other Name. In 
the evening a vesper service was in charge of the young people. 
Dec. 27 the children of the Sunday-school gave a splendid program of 
Christmas exercises. Eleven Bibles were awarded to those having had 
a perfect attendance during the year. For the past year the last 
Sunday afternoon of each month has been set aside for a special 
prayer service in behalf of all the departments of the church and 
Sunday-school and different needs as they present themselves. Much 

blessing, inspiration and help has been received from these meetings. 
Jan. 4 at the regular business meeting church officers were elected 
with Bro. M. C. Swigart as elder and pastor for another year. This 
begins his twenty-eighth year as pastor of the Germantown church. 
One member has been received by letter since our last report. Bro. 
D. W. Kurtz of Bethany Biblical Seminary will be with us on 
Jan. 29.— Mrs. Marie Shaffer, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Pleasant Hill.— The two weeks' revival beginning Nov. 7 conducted 
by Bro. Tobias Henry of the Roxbury church was very successful 
with the splendid result that twenty persons were baptized. The at- 
tendance was excellent throughout. Sister Elizabeth Metzger had 
charge of the music. The Westmont and Morrellville congregations 
made contributions in song. Bro. Henry came again to our church 
Dec. 20 and recited for the Y. P. D. the dramalogue, The First Gift. 
The Y. P. D. is one of the most active groups of our church, with an 
enrollment of fifty in the senior group of which Ralph Rhodes is pres- 
ident. The junior Y. P. D. is directed by Sisters Olive Carney, Ora 
Carney and Myrtle Brehm. The adult advisor is Forest Carney. At 
the October council the pastor, Bro. G. E. Weaver, was retained as 
elder; Mrs. Grant E. Weaver is corresponding secretary; Mrs. Raymond 
Stutsman, Messenger agent; D. I. Rhodes, church clerk. The Sun- 
day-school is larger than it ever was with an attendance averaging 
close to 200. Galen R. Metzger is serving as superintendent. Christ- 
mas was observed in the morning by the children with a miscellaneous 
program. The choir under the direction of Sister Elizabeth Metzger 
presented a cantata in a beautiful and inspiring manner. The Ladies' 
Aid held its annual Christmas party Dec. 29. Forty-one sisters at- 
tended to hear Mrs. M. J. Weaver of Maple Spring give a very fine 
talk on The Home.— Mrs. Galen Metzger, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Roaring: Spring church met in council Dec. 7. Officers for the com- 
ing year were elected: Elder, B. F. Waltz; clerk, Ross Berkhimer; 
trustee, Ira Bechtel. We elected ten members to serve on the finance 
board, and they will effect their own organization. On Sunday eve- 
ning, Dec. 25, our choir and young people rendered the cantata and 
pageant, The King Shall Reign. An offering was lifted for our $50 
share to the India mission field. Each* Sunday evening we have three 
meetings: the young people, juniors and adults. The last named use 
the Quiet Hour topics in the Messenger. Our church will cooperate 
with the other churches of the town in the annual week of prayer be- 
ginning Jan. 1. A deputation from Juniata College will be here on 
Feb. 26 to bring a missionary program. — Mrs. Lena M. Hoover, Roar- 
ing Spring, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Rouzerville Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program Dec. 25. 
During the past year we organized two Sunday-school classes; they 
are now known as the King's Youth Bible class. Some time ago Bro. 
Zobler and daughter gave a program of songs here. Sister Anetta 
Mow, returned missionary from India, spoke at Rouzerville. Her mes- 
sage was very interesting. Jan. 1 we elected new officers for the 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Jan. 2 the Antietam congregation held 
its regular council meeting at Rouzerville. — Mildred L. Palmer, Rouzer- 
ville, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Upper Conewago.— Dec. 17 Eld. C. L. Baker called our church to- 
gether in council at the East Berlin house when the various church 
officers were elected. Our church enjoyed a season of spiritual uplift 
during our evangelistic meeting which closed Nov. 27 conducted by 
Bro. B. W. S. Ebersole of Hershey. He preached seventeen inspiring 
and uplifting sermons. The attendance and interest attest to the fact 
that people are still hungering for spiritual things. Friends from the 
various neighboring churches came in to worship with us. We were 
favored with special music during the meetings by different groups of 
young people from the Hershey church, also a chorus from the Carlisle 
church. Our elder with Bro. Ebersole made many visits during the 

Keeping the Church Serving — How? 

By every one doing his part. That's simple ! Maybe 
it is not so easy, but it can be done. Listen, we of 
North Dakota and Eastern Montana have been de- 
pendable ! Can it be said we are so today ? I say, yes. 
Although it may be but little we can do, I trust we may 
feel the important urge just now. Some of our con- 
gregations have passed last year's mark. But from 
March 1 to Dec. 31 we as a district are $70.72 short of 
last year. Several churches are short of last year's giv- 
ing. Remember, we have a life from our district, Ruth 
L. Glessner, representing us on the India field. Shall 
our interest in finance wane? As one interested in our 
state district I give a kindly urge that all in North Da- 
kota prove faithful in stewardship. — G. I. Michael, 
Field Man. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


meetings. Bro. Ebersole preached a special sermon on Thanksgiving 
morning on the subject, The Grace of Gratitude. An offering for mis- 
sions was lifted at this service. The Bible institute will be held Jan. 13 
and 14 at the Latimore house by Bro. Schlosser from Elizabethtown 
College. We also expect Sister Anna Mow, missionary on furlough, to 
be with us Jan. 12 at the East Berlin house. — Bertha Hull, East Berlin, 
Pa., Jan. 2. 


Jackson Park church met in council Jan. 8. Church officers were 
elected for this year. Bro. S. H. Garst was unanimously reelected 
elder and pastor; Bro. H. K. Keeble, reelected clerk and treasurer; 
the writer, Messenger correspondent; the Aid Society, Messenger 
agent. We expect our revival to start Feb. 5, with Bro. B. M. Rol- 
lins and wife of Keyser, W. Va., evangelists. Our Sunday-school is 
getting along nicely with Bro. Smith Vines as superintendent. — Mrs. 
H. K. Keeble, Jonesboro, Tenn., Jan. 11. 

Johnson City. — He Came to Bethlehem, was the title of the pag- 
eant presented by the young people on Christmas evening. The candle 
lighting scene was very impressive. The young people of Tennessee 
met here on Dec. 30 and 31. Very helpful classes on Social Relation- 
ships were conducted for the young women by Mrs. John B. White, 
and for the young men by Prof. John B. White of Nashville. Mrs. 
F. C. Rohrer from North Carolina was in charge of the periods de- 
voted to the study of music. On Friday night the president of the 
ministerial board of the city spoke on "Finding and Filling a Voca- 
tion." The women of the district met on Saturday, Dec. 31. The 
afternoon meeting was featured by a mother and daughter program 
and father and son program. The conference closed with a watch night 
service conducted by the local pastor. One of the features of the reg- 
ular Sunday evening meetings is the singing of several familiar hymns 
selected by the congregation. During the month of November, the 
pastor preached on themes of great public interest which included 
"The Movies," "The Sacredness of Marriage," "The Crime Wave." 
The officers for the Women's Work in this church for 1933 are: Mrs. 
J. W. Watson, president; secretary-treasurer, Mrs. W. H. Swadley; 
superintendent, Mrs. P. K. Sherfy. — Mary R. Allison, Johnson City, 
Tenn., Jan. 10. 


Alamo. — The members and friends in the Rio Grande Valley met for 
their monthly meeting at the home of Brother and Sister Hoffman 
Jan. 1. Bro. Hoke and wife of Welch, La., were present and he gave 
us a good sermon following our Sunday-school lesson. Our next meet- 
ing will be held at the home of Brother and Sister Kelso of Pharr on 
Feb. 5. If you will let the undersigned know of friends or members lo- 
cated in this valley, I will gladly visit them. We now have definite 
arrangements for monthly meetings. — Jno. R. Pitzer, Alamo, Tex., 
Jan. 4. 


Boone Mill. — Our love feast was held on the third Saturday in October 
•with Bro. C. E. Trout in charge. He gave a splendid sermon on the 
following Sunday. At the regular council meeting in November the 
officers for the year were elected: E. E. Bowman, elder; Roy Barn- 
hart, clerk; Mrs. G. W. Bowman, Jr., correspondent. The annual mis- 
sionary offering was taken Christmas day; the Home Builders' class 
also gave a special offering of $5 for missions. The children gave an 
interesting Christmas program. The young people gave a pageant 
entitled, He Came to Bethlehem. — Mrs. G. W. Bowman, Jr., Boone 
Mill, Va., Jan. 11. 

Central Plains church is one of the late organizations of the Eastern 
District of Virginia. Bro. J. J. Wood of Locust Grove congregation is 
elder in charge and does one-third of the visiting and preaching. Bro. 
J. W. Via of Earlysville has served this church more than any other 
minister. He has stuck faithfully and is much appreciated. Bro. 
C. G. Yagel has been chosen to do one-third of the visiting preach- 
ing. These three ministers share equally in taking care of the first 
Sunday of the month. Bro. R. E. Marshall, a young resident minister, 
takes care of the second Sunday. He has been perhaps the leading 
spirit in sacrifice and work in bringing the churchhouse so near com- 
pletion. The congregation maintains an evergreen Sunday-school. It 
is growing in numbers and interest. Sister Viva Helen Marshall is 
church clerk. Bro. Yagel was not able to be present New Year's Day 
and Bro. Beahm served in his stead; he is much interested in this 
place and work and was delighted to visit here once again. He was 
the first to visit and preach here after the cluster of members moved 
from Carroll County, Va., more than ten years ago. Bro. C. W. Sut- 
phin and his son, Bro. S. M. Sutphin, are deacons; the former is the 
patriarch of this membership. — I. N. H. Beahm, Nokesville, Va., Jan. 3. 

Clovei-dale. — Dec. 18 Bro. Virgil Finnell gave us an illustrated lecture 
on Why Girls Smoke. On Christmas Day the children gave a pro- 
gram during the Sunday-school hour, followed by a sermon by Pastor 
F. A. Myers. In the evening thirty-six members of the Y. P. D. as- 
sisted by the church choir presented the pageants, Light and We Have 
Seen His Star. Several of the Sunday-school classes gave baskets to 
the needy of our community. We have the promise of Bro. I. S. Long 
to hold our revival meeting at the Blue Ridge church beginning the 
first Sunday of October, and Bro. M. J. Brougher at Cloverdale later 
in the fall.— Mary C. Garber, Roanoke, Va., Dec. 30. 

Manassas congregation met in council Dec. 31. The time of council 
was changed from the Saturday before the first Sunday in each quarter 
to Sunday afternoon in January, May and September. At this time 
there will be an all-day meeting with basket lunch. This change was 
made in order to have a better represrmtation, especially of the young 

people. James Harley was appointed janitor for the coming year. 
J. J. Conner was reappointed on the Board of Religious Education. 
E. E. Blough, M. J. Hottle, Elizabeth Thomasson, and Florence Kane 
were appointed on the County Board of Christian Education. We are 
glad that we are able to help along in this county work. It will be 
remembered that some time ago a report came out in the Messenger 
that the Manassas congregation decided to give a larger Christmas 
offering and less Christmas gifts. The offering lifted on Christmas 
morning amounted to $117.42. Due to bad roads and weather quite a 
number of people were unable to attend services. — Agnes L. Thomas- 
son, Manassas, Va., Jan. 10. 

Middle River. — Nov. 7 Bro. C. G. Hesse of Roanoke began our revival 
services closing Nov. 20. He preached sixteen Spirit- filled sermons and 
visited in more than fifty homes. Good interest and attendance were 
maintained throughout the meeting. Seven were baptized. The regu- 
lar council convened Nov. 25. Dec. 14 we had an all-day Aid meeting 
at which time the Women's Work was reorganized with Mrs. B. B. 
Garber, chairman. At night Bro. Virgil Finnell gave an illustrated 
lecture on Why Girls Smoke. We are receiving great benefit from 
Bro. W. M. Kahle's visits. — Mrs. F. Y. Garber, Waynesboro, Va., 
Dec. 30. 

Mill Creek. — Our regular quarterly council was held Nov. 26. We re- 
cently purchased a supply of new hymnals for church worship. Our 
Aid Societies were reorganized recently with Sister Fannie Pence pres- 
ident of the western and Sister Bessie Jarrels of the eastern side. 
Nov. 24 we held our Thanksgiving service. Bro. Homer Miller gave 
us the message after which an offering was lifted for missions. Our 
church treasurer reports $121.74 donation. The Christmas offering was 
$134.57. It is very gratifying to note the interest being manifested by 
our B. Y. P. D. members. An excellent Thanksgiving program was 
given Nov. 27. Dec. 11 one of the leading families of this congrega- 
tion, Brother and Sister Otic Bowman and eight children, gave an 
excellent program at the B. Y. P. D. period;' this was much appreci- 
ated. Dec. 2 and 4 Bro. Virgil Finnell gave us several good talks in- 
cluding one on Why Girls Smoke. — Mrs. I. J. Long, Port Republic, 
Va., Jan. 4. 

Topeco. — Nov. 19 Brethren M. R. Zigler and Henry Eller were with 
us. The afternoon session was spent in a general discussion while at 
night we enjoyed some pictures. We are grateful for these opportuni- 
ties. On Thanksgiving night Bro. H. L. Reed gave us a wonderful 
message. The offering amounted to $12.60. On Christmas Day we had 
a sermon at the usual hour by a home brother. That night there was 
a combined program by the juniors and young people. Dec. 31 we met 
in council when all the old officers were reelected. A committee was 
appointed to do some local work. — Almeda Alderman, Floyd, Va., 
Jan. 4. 


Ellisford. — An inspiring series of meetings was held at our church 
Dec. 19 to 25 by Bro. A. L. Sellers of Wenatchee, state field worker. 
He endeavored to help solve some of our local problems and we feel 
that we gained strength and courage to carry on. Bro. Sellers is 
especially trying to reach the young people and as a climax to his 
work a get-together of the young people of Omak, Whitestone and 
Ellisford was held in our church Jan. 2. In the afternoon our state 
young people's director, Bro. Ross Heminger of Wenatchee, conducted 
a meeting when plans for the coming year were made. At 6: 30 a 
banquet was held, about eighty-five young people being seated. After- 
ward there was a general good time with games and music. Bro. 
Sellers delivered our Christmas sermon and the young people pre- 
sented the play, The Christmas Miracle. Our choir also helped by 
rendering special numbers. Marion Stern, a young brother in our 
congregation, was licensed to the ministry at our December council. 
The Ladies' Aid held an auction and food sale on Dec. 9, taking in $55. 
Most of the proceeds have been placed in our building fund for a new 
churchhouse. We recently started a teacher-training class from which 
we believe much benefit will be derived. Our elder, Bro. C. V. Stern, 
has been absent all winter working in Wenatchee, but we are look- 
ing forward to his return in the spring. — Mrs. H. M. Rothrock, Tonas- 
ket, Wash., Jan. 5. 

Forest Center. — We are glad to report that four were added to our 
church by baptism Dec. 4. Our young people gave a program at 
Christmas time. Our attendance is good, although we have had some 
very cold weather. — Mrs. W. H. Tigner, Valley, Wash., Jan. 9. 


Maple Spring. — Thanksgiving services were conducted in three of our 
churches, and the following offerings were received: Maple Spring, 
$223.29; Brookside, $25.77; Glade View, $9.50. At our quarterly council, 
held the early part of December, plans were made to remodel Maple 
Spring church. Dec. 18 Dr. McCommas of Oakland, Md., showed pic- 
tures of his tour to the Holy Land which were very interesting and 
instructive. These pictures were a donation to the B. Y. P. D. The 
young people's and primary classes were in charge of the program on 
Christmas night. A helpful program with an appeal to foreign mis- 
sions was given to a large audience. The young people are very 
active in church work, due to the interest the older folk show in 
them.— Mrs. Homer S. Diehl, Eglon, W. Va., Dec. 31. 

Morgantown. — We are now in the midst of a very interesting re- 
vival meeting conducted by Evangelist M. G. West of Bridgewater, 
Va. His sermons are forceful and convincing. Seven have stood for 
Christ, and many others are counting the cost. — Obed Hamstead, Mor- 
gantown, W. Va., Jan. 9. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

Fallen Asleep 

(Continued From Page 27) 
March 16, 1902. Four daughters came to bless their home; his wife 
and two daughters survive with five sisters and three brothers. Fu- 
neral services by the writer assisted by Wm. Swinger. Interment 
in the Bear Creek cemetery. — W. D. Fisher, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Lohr, Bro. Noah, born March 4, 1859, died at the hospital, Johnstown, 
Pa., Oct. 7, 1932. On Sept. 17 he was injured when a ladder on which 
he was standing, broke and fell to the ground. He married Annie 
Metzgar and to them three children were born. He is survived by 
his wife, two sons, sister and nine grandchildren. He was an active 
member of the Church of the Brethren. Funeral services at the church 
by W. D. Rummell assisted by Chas. Blough. Interment in the ceme- 
tery at Stoystown, Pa. — Blanche M. Hershberger, Hooversville, Pa. 

Mathias, Sister Annie Harley, wife of Joseph Mathias, deceased, 
died at the home of her brother, S. C. Harley, Dec. 22, 1932. She was 
born at Royersford, Pa., Feb. 5, 1879. She is survived by one son, 
Charles. One daughter died in infancy. She became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren when a girl and through all the years had been 
a faithful and active Christian. She was a great worker in the Ladies' 
Aid, always willing to do something to help some one. Her illness was 
of short duration. Her pastor, Eld. E. E. Blough, anointed her and 
this service was a great comfort to her. She will be missed by all for 
she was always in her pew except for the last several months. — Agnes 
L. Thomasson, Manassas, Va. 

Mickey, Sister Minday, wife of Bro. Mack Mickey of Connellsville, 
Pa., died very suddenly Dec. 24, from a hemorrhage of the brain, at the 
age of 47 years. She is survived by her husband, three sons and two 
daughters, eleven grandchildren and two sisters. She was a member of 
the Church of the Brethren for seven weeks, having been a regular 
attendant for almost a year. Prior to her uniting with the church, she 
was a member of the Church of God for thirty years. Services were 
held in the Connellsville church by her pastor, Bro. Ralph E. Shober, 
assisted by Bro. C. C. Sollenberger. Interment in the Dickerson Run 
cemetery at Dawson. — Mrs. Mary C. Shober, Connellsville, Pa. 

Moreland, Joseph, died at his home in Franklin, Md., Jan. 2, 1933, 
aged 77 years. Death was due to old age and a fall which he sustained 
in the spring. He never united with any church but always preferred 
the Church of the Brethren. He is survived by his wife and six chil- 
dren. Funeral services in the Methodist Chapel by Bro. B. M. Rollins. 
Interment in the near-by cemetery. — B. M. Rollins, Keyser, W. Va. 

Morrell, Sister Virginia Frances, daughter of David and Elizabeth 
Garber, born in Washington County, Tenn., Dec. 6, 1849. She died 
Dec. 28, 1932, at the home of her daughter in Deepwater, Mo., from a 
brief illness of pneumonia. The body was brought to Jonesboro, Tenn. 
The funeral was conducted at Fairview by Bro. A. M. Laughrun. She 
married Samuel C. Morrell Aug. 17, 1870; he preceded her July 22, 1901. 
She leaves four children, fourteen grandchildren and four great-grand- 
children. She united with the church when fourteen years old and 
lived a devoted Christian life. Burial in the Fairview cemetery. — Mrs. 
H. K. Keeble, Jonesboro, Tenn. 

Mummert, Henry Wayne, son of Henry D. and Joanna Mummert, 
born in Hartford City, Ind., June 16, 1903, died at Conneaut, Ohio, 
Dec. 8, 1932. His early life was spent in North Manchester, Ind. He 
became a member of the Church of the Brethren at the age of twelve. 
July 13, 1929, he married Miss Mildred Nack. He is survived by his 
wife, mother and three sisters. Funeral services at Conneaut by 
Rev. W. G. Walters of the M. E. church. The body was taken to 
Hartford City, Ind., where short services were conducted by Rev. 
N. L. Collins of the Christian church. — Alice Mummert, Conneaut, 

Myers, Eld. John Abner, died Dec. 24, 1932, aged 86 years and 4 
months. Most of his life was spent on a farm in Little Cove, Pa., 
two miles from the Licking Creek church just across the Mason and 
Dixon line. He and his wife, Sarah A. Myers, reared a large family; 
here he faithfully served in the ministry and lived the kind of life 
which made the neighbors all esteem him. He was elected elder in 
1904. He and his wife had lived together 61 years and 1 day. His 
remains were laid away in the Licking Creek church cemetery. He is 
survived by his widow, three sisters, six children, thirteen grandchil- 
dren. So was lost to this life, and gained for life eternal, a good man, 
a self-sacrificing, loving husband, a not-to-be-forgotten father, and a 
faithful servant of the Master. While he builded for righteousness in 
his family and community he laid up treasures in heaven. — Garry 
Cleveland Myers, Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 

Myers, Marcena H, born at Plymouth, 111., July 5, 1857, died at 
Seneca, Kans., Dec. 30, 1932. When a small boy he came to Kansas 
and endured the hardships of pioneer life. He is survived by one 
daughter, also the families of one son and one daughter who preceded 
him. In 1929 he was baptized in the Church of the Brethren. Al- 
though the years of his Christian profession were not so many he 
found a quiet satisfaction in this new relationship with his Lord. Fu- 
neral in the Sabetha church by the writer. — Earl M. Frantz, Sabetha, 

Peek, Samuel Swanson, was born in Virginia March 31, 1855. His 
parents were Gustavus and Nancy Beasley Peek. On Dec. 24, 1875, he 
was married in Moulton, Iowa, to Sarah Jane Shook. To this union 
were born eight children. The past thirty-five or forty years he had 
lived in Jasper County, Mo. When a young man he accepted Christ 
as his Savior and united with the Church of the Brethren. Later he 

neglected his Christian duty and in November, 1931, he was restored 
to fellowship by the Carthage church. For the past twelve years he 
lived in Webb City, Mo. Because of the distance and his age he was 
not able to attend the church of his choice but worshiped at a mission 
church near his home. He departed this life Dec. 29, 1932, at his home. 
Death was due to paralysis. He leaves his wife, one son, two daugh- 
ters, three brothers and several grandchildren. Funeral services were 
held in the Frisco Mission church in Webb City, Mo., where he had 
worshiped, by his pastor, Eld. Lester E. Fike, and the pastor of the 
mission, Mrs. Lou Love. Interment in Park cemetery near Carthage. 
— Mrs. Lester Fike, Carthage, Mo. 

Pfoutz, Milton G., died Sept. 26, 1932, aged 80 years. He was the son 
of Lewis R. and Sidney Ann Pfoutz. He was a member of a family 
of ten children; surviving are two sisters. Funeral service in the 
Trotwood church by Eld. Wm. Swinger and the writer. Burial in the 
Bear Creek cemetery. — W. D. Fisher, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Plunkett, John W., born Sept. 24, 1852, in Franklin County, Va., died 
Dec. 29, 1932. In 1909 he moved to Ohio with his family. He was -a 
member of a family of nine children; three brothers and one sister re- 
main. In September, 1876, he married Lucy C. Mead who preceded him 
thirty- seven years ago. To this union were born four sons and four 
daughters. He is survived by two daughters and three sons, sixteen 
grandchildren and one great-grandchild. His second wife was Mollie 
Johns who also survives with an adopted son. He was a consistent 
member of the German Baptist church. Funeral at the Maple Grove 
church by Peter Bowman, Irvin Shoup and the writer. Burial in the 
adjoining cemetery. — J. C. Flora, Dayton, Ohio. 

Pultz, James Russel, infant son of Charles E. and Ida B. Pultz, died 
Dec. 7, 1932, in Pyrmont, Ohio. Services by the writer. Interment in 
the Lower Miami cemetery. — W. D. Fisher, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Ranck, Benjamin F., died at the home of his sister, Mrs. D. I. 
Bennett, Altoona, Pa., on Dec. 19, 1932. He was born at Warfordsburg, 
Fulton County, Pa., May 19, 1863. He was a son of Philip and Lu- 
cinda Ranck and came to Altoona thirty-two years ago. He taught 
school several terms and was a graduate from the Normal English 
Course at Juniata College. He was united in marriage with Nettie A., 
daughter of Seth F. and Catherine Myers, in December, 1899. Mrs. 
Ranck died six years ago. He united with the church in the Licking 
Creek congregation in October, 1885. The Pleasant Ridge congregation 
called him to the mininstry in November, 1898. The Altoona congre- 
gation ordained him to the eldership in July, 1914. Bro. Ranck was a 
Pennsylvania railroad shop employee until his retirement three years 
ago. While he held no regular pastorate, he did quite a lot of preach- 
ing, served his home congregation as Sunday-school superintendent 
and for a number of years as teacher. Bro. Ranck was a student of 
the Word and loved to teach it. He is survived by five brothers, 
three sisters and a foster daughter. The funeral, with Brethren B. F. 
Waltz and D. B. Maddocks officiating, was held in the First Church 
of the Brethren in Altoona, interment in the Alto-Reste cemetery. — 
Sadie L. Morse, Altoona, Pa. 

Rexrhode, Isaac, died Jan. 6, 1933, aged 76 years. Early in life he be- 
came a member of the United Brethren Church; on Aug. 17, 1931, he 
joined the Church of the Brethren. He was preparing to pay a visit 
to his doctor when he died of heart trouble. Aug. 25, 1931, he and his 
wife celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. He is survived by 
his wife and five daughters. Burial in the family cemetery on the 
farm where he was born and spent his entire life. Funeral services at 
the home by his pastor, Isaac J. Garber. — Neva Kendrick Garber, 
Franklin, W. Va. 

Rhoads, Martha E., nee Eberly, widow of Vogan Rhoads, died of 
complications, Nov. 28, 1932, aged 89 years. She was bedfast for the 
past two years. She is survived by one sister. She was a member of 
the church for many years. Services at the Old Order German Baptist 
church in Lincoln by Brethren Harvey B. Markley and E. M. Dinger. 
Interment in Lincoln cemetery. — Lida M. Zug, Lincoln, Pa. 

Ritenour, Mrs. Barbara, died of complications, at the home of her 
daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Berger of Connellsville, 
Pa., Dec. 31, 1932, aged 70 years. Her husband, J. M. Ritenour, pre- 
ceded her in death five years ago. She is survived by one son, one 
daughter, four grandchildren and one great-grandchild. By member- 
ship Mrs. Ritenour was a Methodist, but attended the services of the 
Church of the Brethren regularly for several years. Funeral services 
were conducted from the home of the above named son-in-law and' 
daughter by Rev. D. R. Graham of the Methodist church, assisted by 
R. E. Shober and Rev. E. N. Duty, the latter of the Christian Church, 
of which the daughter and family are members. Burial in he Hill 
Grove cemetery, Connellsville, Pa. — Mrs. Mary C. Shober, Connellsville, 

Smith, Henry L., passed away at the home of his son near McAlis- 
terville, Pa., Dec. 12, 1932, aged 80 years. He is survived by one son 
with whom he made his home, one adopted daughter, brother and 
several grandchildren. He united with the Church of the Brethren in 
1874 and was called to the deacon's office in 1894. He was a faithful 
member of the Lost Creek congregation to the end of his long life. 
Funeral services in the Bunkertown church by the writer assisted by 
Bro. J. E. Rowland. Burial in the Bunkertown cemetery. — C. E. 
Grapes, Chambersburg, Pa. 

Whitehead, Eva Bowser, born in Indiana, April 1, 1846. died Jan. 4, 
1933, at Altona, Mo., at the home of her son, J. B. Whitehead. Fu- 
neral services at Adrian, Mo., by C. A. Lentz. — Lois Lentz, Leeton, 
Mo. I I 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 


^-H^^^4•^^~H^•^^^^^•^■^^^> H ^^^^•^^H•4♦^^• ^ • I ^^ ^ ^ ^ • l •^ l" I^^I■■^^I^^^•^••t•^••H^' +4"HH-H^~H-+-H"i-rvwv-H 

Your Congregation Needs 


For your second Easter Service a good play or 
pageant is impressive. We offer the following — 

"INTO GALILEE"— A One Act Play 

Eight characters: The centurion servant whom Jesus 
"*' healed, the boy with the loaves and fishes, the Roman cen- 
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T scribe who offered to follow Jesus, the ruler of the syna- 
4" gogue, Mary of Magdala and the daughter of Jairus. The 
T time is after the crucifixion. Biblical throughout and force- 
•f - fully presented. 35 cents; 8 or more copies each, 30 cents. 
16 pages of material. 

"JESUS ONLY"— A Story of the Resurrection 

Arranged to be given as a Dramatized Story Cantata with 
costume and scenery or as a Song Story for Reader and 

Chorus. Five characters: A captain of the guard, an attend- 
ant, the mother of Judas, a soldier, the voice and Mary. 
The music is arranged for choruses, duets and solos. 21 
pages of material. 30 cents, one dozen, $3.00. 

"THE GARDEN OF JOSEPH"— A Story Cantata 
for Easter 
Arranged for music and reader. Full directions for pres- 
entation. Also arranged so that three tableaus may be in- 
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women in the garden and Easter, in which a girl is the 
chief character with others grouped around her. 23 pages. 
30 cents; one dozen copies, $3.00. 

PAGEANTRY for EASTER— Two Easter Pag- 
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Some desire a short pageant or play. Here you have a 
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HIS CROSS— A Religious Play in One Act 

With this 29-page play a full and strong service can be 
put on portraying the day of the crucifixion. By imitating 
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Seven characters are required for rendition. If you have 
folks with strong dramatic tendencies this play will appeal 
to them. Single copy, 25 cents. 


An 8-page play for children— 10 to 16 speaking parts. As 
you see these children wending their way to the tomb on 
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Order today and begin preparing for a GREAT 

Elgin, III. 

H~I^ - l"I"I - ^ 4^4HH-4HH^H-- I"I"I"l" l"I"I " I"I" I"I"H 4»fr 

A Book for Teachers 


By J. Hugh Heckman 

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brief and concise for busy workers." — Prof. H. H. Nye, 
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This is the book your teachers and coming teachers need 
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Love for the Beautiful 

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Poetry presents the beautiful in the most beautiful style. 
Read good poems and you will grow beautiful in heart. 
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desired poems readily. A marvelous anthology. 876 pages. | 

Heart Throbs, 75c 

Such a wise selection that yearly this book finds a ready 
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The popularity of "Heart Throbs" simply made it neces- j 
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Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1933 

#4^^**^**^**^**^* *****4^**^fr**4^ 









The Church Grows 

Where the Messenger Goes" 

Help Your Church Grow by Placing the MESSENGER 

Into Your Home 

Not for the sake of the MESSENGER nor the Church 
Boards nor the House, but for you and your home, for the 
Brotherhood and its work, for Christ and his Church do we 
strive to place the MESSENGER into every church home. 

Will you do your part to this desired end? 

The MESSENGER aims to help you see opportunities 
for Christian service right where you are. 

The MESSENGER will arouse you to larger Chris- 
tian activity and greater usefulness. 

The MESSENGER stresses the Gospel of Jesus as the 
world's pressing need, and the church's privilege and duty 
of proclaiming the Gospel to the ends of the earth. 

For 1933 the Editors are planning to give each week 
reading material, workable suggestions, inspirational mes- 
sages and informing articles for all in your home, school 
and church. 

The MESSENGER is the Official Church Organ through 
which the several Church Boards announce their projects 
and report conditions from time to time. 

It- is through the MESSENGER that you keep in vital touch 'with the 
entire Brotherhood and become an integral part oE the Church at 'work. 

The MESSENGER has a host of satisfied and enthusiastic readers. Note what a 
few of them say — 

"Ranking with high class magazines" 

I wish to compliment you upon the make-up and contents of the Christmas issue of the MES- 
SENGER. If one were to read no farther than the first and second pages of the cover he would at once 
estimate the paper as ranking with high class magazines. The poem "High Songs" bears this stamp, and 
the sentiment of the selected article on page two continues the same. The editorials are up to the same 
standard of high truth, and the excellent contributions complete a number of the MESSENGER that any 
member of the church may be justly proud of. — John E. Mohler, Calif. 

"It's a real Thanksgiving number" 

I just received the Thanksgiving MESSENGER. Thousands will say, with me, that it's a real 
Thanksgiving number. I for one want to say it loud enough for those to hear who deserve the credit. 
When I consider how much more than money (even $2.00) this one number means to me, I wonder that 
you have to put on an advertising campaign at all. I express my appreciation again for the work, the 
"spirit" and the men who put out such a fine spiritual paper. — W. G. McFadden, Ohio. 

"Cannot be without the Messenger" 

Economic conditions in this section are such that we cannot have all things like we want, but 1 
cannot be without the MESSENGER. It has been a constant visitor in our home ever since I can re- 
member. Father was a regular reader, and then when I set up a home of my own, the MESSENGER was 
the first magazine that came into it. May God's blessings continue to be with our church paper. — E. C. 
Woodie, N. C. 

"Read it many years. . . . Regret to drop out" 

"I have read the MESSENGER many years and have enjoyed it. Have urged the members to take it. 
I sure regret to drop out, but can't help it. Some of our crops did not pay for the cutting and threshing. 
I have been serving the church free in the ministry. Times are hard. Pray for us." What should the 
MESSENGER do in such cases? What should the local congregation do? Is there anything you can do? 

Help double the MESSENGER circulation by securing new subscribers 











ifrfri ft ' T '^' M «' T ' i» ' f fr'fr> |»f > i »t j Hj »fr>fr . ^ 

Vol. 82 

ospel Messenger 


Elgin, 111., February 4, 1933 

No. 5 


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Dunker Church, Antietam, Md. Of this historic church Bro. J. A. Briefer writes: 
"I preached in it when I was first elected to the ministry forty-nine years ago. It stood 
there during the battle of Antietam and teas used for a hospital for the wounded soldiers 
of both armies. The black marks are holes shot in it by cannon during the battle." From 
other sources it might be added that the church was built in 1853 and repaired in 1863 
some time after the battle referred to. It was destroyed by cyclone May 23, 1921 , and 
never rebuilt. The battle of Antietam occurred Sept. 17, 1862. The day on which this 
battle was fought has been called the bloodiest in American history. See article on page 5. 



What Price Christian Loyalty (H. A. B.)? 3 

Economy and Fun (E. F.) 3 

The Doctor and the Depression (E. F.), 3 

New Goals for Farmers (H. A. B.), 4 

Land of Beginning Again (H. A. B.), 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 17 

General Forum — 

Prayer on Entering Church (Poem) 5 

Annual Conference Echoes. By J. A. Bricker 5 

Evangelistic Methods. By J. H. Moore 7 

My Brother's Interests and Mine. By H. A. Claybaugh 8 

The Target. By I. N. H. Beahm 9 

Report of the 1932 World Day of Prayer. By Nora M. Rhodes 11 


If We Say "Our Father." By Edna Wolf H 

Annual Meeting of the Home Missions Councils. By M. Clyde Horst, 12 

Missions — 

Editorial '3 

To My Christian Sisters in America. By Han Miao Ying, 13 

Miraj Hospital Started by a Girl, 14 

News From the Field, 15 

Pastor and People — 

Holy Ground. By Merlin C. Shull, 18 

One Local Cabinet at Work. By R. E. Mohler 18 

Home and Family — 

My Prayer (Poem). By Alice Ridgway 19 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime.— No. 6. By Florence S. 

Studebaker, 19 

Nook for Women's Work 23 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


(Such is the record of Bro. Samuel M. 
Eshelman, head of the subscription depart- 
ment at the Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111.) 

After Messengers are completed, 
as explained in the issue for Jan. 7, 
they go to the mailing room. Just 
what happens there is an interesting 
story, and especially so in this case 
since much of what is done there can 
be centered around the life of 
Bro. S. M. Eshelman who has spent 
more than fifty-five years with 
Church of the Brethren publishing 

" Uncle Sam," as Bro. Eshelman is 
known to his many friends, began 
with the Brethren at Work on Nov. 
11, 1877. This paper was then printed 
at Lanark, 111. The new recruit from 
the farm was put to setting type by hand. Those were 
the days when men learned to do by doing. So it is 
not surprising to learn that the first line set was pied 
by the inexperienced typesetter. Also, failing to find 
all the letters needed in the compartments of one case, 
our youthful recruit finished out with type from an- 
other, only to discover that they were wrong font ! 

So " Uncle Sam's " fifty-five years with our church 
publications spans the range from handpower to the 
wonders of the machine age. For he not only set type 
by hand, but took his turn at the hand press, helping 
to grind out papers at the rate of about 500 per hour. 
The day that steam power was first used at the 
Lanark plant was a gala day, with the townspeople 
so crowding the pressroom it was hard on the print- 
er's nerves. 

In the period of Bro. Eshelman's services the pub- 
lishing house has been moved twice. Thus on a cer- 
tain February morning thirty teams hitched to sleds 
loaded with printing equipment, took advantage of a 
heavy snow to glide over fields and fences the twenty- 
five miles from Lanark to Mt. Morris, where the first 
Brethren college in the west was located. In 1899 our 
church printing plant was moved to Elgin, 111. The 
first Messenger mailed from the new location was the 
double issue for Sept. 16 and 23, 1899. 

Forty-eight years foreman of the mailing depart- 
ment and seven years head of the subscription depart- 
ment — such is the service record of. " Uncle Sam " 
Eshelman. Do you wonder that he knows the names 
and addresses of more of our people than any other 

person in the brotherhood ? Or that to the many who 
know him he is " Uncle Sam," a veritable symbol of 
dependable and efficient service? 

If you look at the label on your Messenger you will 
see something like this : 

44915 TAYLOR, I. W. M 

1934 EPHRATA, PA. 

When your subscription was received your name, ad- 
dress, etc., were stamped on a small tin printing plate. 
The work was done by " Uncle Sam " or one of his 
helpers with the machine shown in the picture. Study 
the representation of an actual name plate shown 
above and note what it tells. At the reader's upper 
left is the bill number (44915). Beneath this is the 
expiration date (Jan., 1934) which shows Bro. Taylor's 
subscription was recently renewed. The " M " is for 

Bro. Eshelman's work is the care of the sub- 
scription lists for our church papers — The Gospel 
Messenger, Our Young People, Our Boys and Girls, 
and Our Children. It is no small responsibility to 
keep all of these lists up-to-date. But " Uncle Sam " 
and his helpers know how to do it with service backed 
by more than fifty-five years of experience ! So send 
in your subscriptions, readers new as well as old. You, 
too, may sometime be able to say with Sister Caroline 
Brown of Lincoln, Nebraska : " I have been reading 
the Messenger for nearly seventy years. ... I do 
not want to be without it as long as I can see." 




H. A. BRANDT— Assistant Editor 

Vol. 82 

Elgin, 111., February 4, 1933 

No. 5 


What Price Christian Loyalty? 

To be loyal to Christ is seldom easy. Indeed, if one 
would go all the way, Christian loyalty always costs 
something. This is true though the price may be gladly 

In that difficult tenth chapter of Matthew the dis- 
ciples were sent forth as sheep amongst wolves. Now 
what seems hard to reconcile with this is the later state- 
ment : " Think not that I came to send peace on earth : 
I came not to send peace but a sword." 

Does this mean that those just admonished to be 
harmless as doves should now turn hard. and bellicose? 
No, indeed ! The Master is simply saying that it costs 
something to be loyal. He is saying that those who fol- 
low him will find their subtlest temptations in the clash 
of ideals which can be found in any home. 

But should this result in actual physical conflict? 
Certainly not. If such dear enemies are ever to be won 
it must be by Christian methods and Christian methods 
alone. Though spiritually incompatible, remember the 
first instructions. Be " wise as serpents, and harmless 
as doves." h. a. b. 

Economy and Fun 

A correspondent tells us a very interesting story of 
the lessons in simpler living they are learning at her 
house in these times of stress. They are finding new 
ways to make the scarce dollars go farther. And new 
springs of contentment, too, she says. 

It will be hard for real country folks with from six 
to twenty cows to milk and all around farm equipment 
to appreciate fully this measure of economy, but it cer- 
tainly illustrates the principle. This good woman and 
a neighbor go together in purchasing direct from a 
farmer a gallon of sour cream which they divide between 
them. From this they are able, by bringing the old 
Dover egg beater into requisition, to churn their own 

butter ! " Besides the saving, it's lots of fun when ev- 
erybody else is doing it." 

In that chance remark our correspondent lets us into 
the secret of much of our trouble. It was what every- 
body else was doing that made living so needlessly ex- 
pensive. And this writer is already exulting in the 
thought of how much they are going to save when good 
times return with normal incomes. Now they know 
how to do it. Under the urge of necessity she has 
learned the lesson which she and all the rest of us might 
have had at far less cost. 

Handling depressions is much like dealing with other 
inconvenient and annoying things. Whether it is mere- 
ly an irksome experience or an opportunity to realize a 
great and permanent blessing, depends much on how we 
go at it ! e. f. 

The Doctor and the Depression 

We have an interesting communication from a doc- 
tor that we must tell you about. He has been doing 
some strange things. We know of another doctor who 
has had trouble in collecting his bills but so far as we 
have learned he has not shown any abnormal tenden- 
cies. This one is different. 

About two years ago when the depression began to 
be felt and many patients could not pay for services 
rendered, he sent a number of them receipts in 
full of account, along with a letter of Christ- 
mas greetings, telling them that the slate was now clean 
and that he would be as ready to serve them as if the 
bills had been paid in cash. The Christmas spirit seems 
to have gotten the best of him. One result was that he 
retained their patronage and received more cash than he 
could have hoped to obtain in the ordinary way. There 
was some profitable advertising in it also. 

The quirk in this doctor's mind has shown itself in 
another way. During these past two years he has con- 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, General Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

veniently forgotten to make any record of many cases 
where he knew the difficult conditions, and so sent them 
no statements. He has become known as the doctor 
with a heart. No doubt he has been imposed upon by 
persons willing to take unfair advantage of his kind- 
ness, but he has also had profitable practice that would 
not otherwise have come to him. 

Still another freakish thing the doctor has done late- 
ly is to cut prices in two for all his services. He says 
he is able to eat, pay his bills and keep his patronage, 
and that he is making some new friendships. He ap- 
pears to place high value on that. He wants friends 
" when this miserable mess is all cleared up," as he puts 

His closing word has a wholesome ring to it : "I 
hope to live to see the depression come to an end, as it 
sometime must, for even the children of Israel only had 
forty years of it, then the land of Canaan. But, and 
even if I do not live so long, I expect to thank the Lord 
daily for the privilege of serving my fellow creatures, 
as I may be able." 

Now what can you do with a doctor like that ? Not 
much that we know of, except to let him go. Some 
folks are just that way. But what if his ideas and 
methods should be taken up by leaders in the wider hu- 
man relationships, by diplomats and artisans in inter- 
national statecraft? Wouldn't you like to see what it 
would do to world-wide depression? 

We are almost reckless enough to wish it tried out in 
all professions, vocations, trades and walks of life. 

E. F. 

New Goals for Farmers 

According to Dr. F. D. Farrell, president of the 
Kansas State Agricultural College, there is little en- 
couragement in the present outlook for those who 
would farm solely to make money. This is particularly 
true for the reason that thousands of people are turning 
to the land for subsistence when a decrease in farming 
operations is desirable for profitable production. 

Thus the successful farmer of the future must have 
goals of a different order from dollars. There must be 
more emphasis upon a better home life with modern 
conveniences instead of more land. Economical quality 
production must take the place of large scale operations. 
There must be more dependence upon sources of hap- 
piness and satisfaction not bought with money. 

In a few words, Dr. Farrell suggests that the suc- 
cessful farm family of the future will be one which as- 
sumes fewer financial risks, is more largely self-suffi- 
cient, and intent upon such health, leisure and spiritual 
interests as will make for permanence and stability. 
Now the interesting thing about these new goals for 
farmers is that they are just as good for the rest of us. 

H. A. B. 

Land of Beginning Again 

More than ever, it seems, are we living in a land of 
beginning again. Who but knows of the once well-to- 
do farmer who has lost all, the young couple with a 
family and good prospects who have lost the farm and 
money given them, the young person marking time un- 
til things change ? Add to these the city cousins out of 
a job, and you have millions waiting for better times 
in the land of beginning again. 

But how is one to begin again? The man who can 
answer this question is the person we are all looking 
for. And it looks like it might be a good, long wait. 
Meanwhile one may as well remember that life has 
always included a good deal of beginning again. It was 
unusual security and prosperity which made Americans 
forget this fact, and readjustment seem uncommon and 
unnecessarily cruel. 

We do not mean to minimize the tragedy in the pres- 
ent situation, for it is very cruel and paralyzing. But 
we do mean to say that for all able-bodied persons a 
most significant factor in finding a way out is that of 
one's personal attitude. Of course cooperation is 
needed, but there can be no creative leadership and no 
real following without personal initiative. 

The fact is we will have to live as pioneers, striving 
for a double portion of their courage and resourceful- 
ness, if we are to get on in the land of beginning again. 
And just to remind us of a somewhat typical case, one 
in which in spite of recurrent adjustments an average 
western pioneer managed to raise and educate a family 
and attain a serene old age, we list the following dark 
points with approximate dates : 

1888. Lost homestead claim through an error made 
by some filing clerk. 

1890. Decided to abandon isolated ranch in which 
remaining capital was sunk. 

1898. After dry farming 320 acres for six years 
our pioneer loaded his family and few possessions in a 
farm wagon and set out for some place to begin again. 

1903. Traded for a marginal orange grove. Orang- 
es were then bringing as much as twenty-five cents per 
packed box. Some ranchers even had to pay the 

1913. Year of the freeze with two young orchards 
frozen to the ground. Back payments on an old grove 
sold to finance the new plantings completely lost. More 
years of acute financial distress. 

Such are the simple annals of an average pioneer. 
They are cited not to discourage or to encourage. They 
are offered as a record out of life to show that America 
certainly was, and now we know still is, a land of be- 
ginning again. The true American was and is a pioneer. 

H. A. B. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


Prayer on Entering Church 

Heat and burden of the day 

Help us, Lord, to put away. 

Let no crowding, fretting cares 

Keep earth-bound our spirits' prayers. 

Carping criticism take 

From our hearts for Jesus' sake, 

In this little hour that we 

Spend in fellowship with thee. 

Search us, keenly, Lord, we pray, 

Lest we leave thy house today 

Through our stubbornness unfed — 

By the true and living bread — 

Lest we know not that we thirst. 

Selfishness that we have nursed 

Through the years, O blessed Lord — 

Smite it with thy two-edged sword. 

Make us over! Make us kind. 

Let no lonely stranger find 

Lack of friendly handclasp, or 

Pass unwelcomed through the door. 

Let the whole week sweeter be 

For this hour we spend with thee! 

— Bertha Cerneaux Woods. 

Annual Conference Echoes 


Paper' read at Ministerial Meeting of Southeastern District of Pennsyl- 
vania at Bethany church, Philadelphia 

Annual Conference is a name given to what in the 
early history of the church was called the Big Meeting 
or Big Council Meeting, and later Annual Meeting. 
The railroad companies termed it National Confer- 
ence—and I think all were very appropriate in their 
time, for when it was called the Big Council, the meet- 
ings were very much along that line, but the change in 
name does not change its purpose or power, although 
the matters considered have changed. 

Very early in the history of the church in America 
the Brethren who were shaping its course realized that 
if we were to steer clear of Congregationalism there 
must be some plan for concerted thought and action. 

They had already taken a quiet and unobtrusive part 
in some gatherings of the Pennsylvania German sects 
in convention under Count Zinzendorf held much after 
the order of what we would term a union meeting in 
these days, but which to them were known as synods. 
After the third of these in 1742 George Adam Martin, a 
Tunker preacher, became much concerned over the doc- 
trinal ideas advanced, and believing them a detriment to 
the beliefs advocated and taught by the Brethren, he ad- 
vanced the idea for the first gathering of a separate 
" great assembly " yearly, which led to the formation of 
the Big Councils which have become the Annual Con- 
ference of today. 

We can therefore reasonably assume that the first of 
these general gatherings of members was soon after 
1742, but the earliest recorded minutes we possess are 
for the meeting of 1778 which was held at Pipe Creek, 
Md. There have been five held there since. 

The only query brought to this early assembly was 
in regard to brethren taking the attest or oath, before 
magistrates. The next year there were two queries, 
then three, and the number kept going up from year to 
year until in 1862 we find seventy-two went before the 

The minutes of that Civil War year cover sixteen 


Many of these queries asked for interpretation ot 
scripture and the Sunday-school question was also be- 
fore the meeting for review although it had been before 
the Conference and acted on favorably five years previ- 
ous. The troublous days of national life were reflected 
largely in the character of many of the papers, which 
included the problems of Brethren enlisting or in some 
cases hiring a substitute ; the various phases of the slav- 
ery question and temperance, better instruction of ap- 
plicants for membership, requests for ruling on whether 
brethren should have sleigh bells on horses, or church- 
es have bells on their buildings. Preachers who took 
pay for marrying and for preaching funerals also came 
in for attention, and women who wore hooped skirts 
were likewise deemed worthy of advice. 

Other things presented were for dealing with unruly 
members, change in the mode of feet-washing, sending 
committees to churches reported out of order, besides 
other minor and somewhat local matters which, if the 
scripture had been followed, might have been settled 
at home, and sometimes this was the advice given. 

They appeared to be much interested in taking good 
care of the ninety and nine that were already safely on 
the inside, failing to give much attention to the lost 
sheep on the outside until about the year 1852 when 
there was a move toward missions. 

The meetings of those early days were held different- 
ly from now, all members as well as the elders and min- 
isters being encouraged to attend and avail themselves 
of the privilege of taking part. At the close there was 
a love feast, but this was changed later and the love 
feast came at the beginning, being followed by the busi- 
ness session. Gradually as the meetings grew larger 
the love feast was eliminated and the plan of the con- 
ference was changed, making it a representative body 
to which the churches sent delegates, no congregation 
being allowed more than two, while the elders present 
served as the Standing Committee. Later there was an 
unsuccessful effort for the delegates to elect the Stand- 
ing Committee by ballot, and through a period of years 
there were various other plans proposed including one 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

that the elders in the district where the meeting was 
held appoint the Standing Committee. 

In 1868 the Conference turned to the districts the 
duty of appointing the Standing Committee but the 
ratio representation of delegates remained the same. 
The rule was that the six states which then comprised 
the bulk of our membership, Virginia, Maryland, Penn- 
sylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, should be entitled to 
three members each, one from each of the remaining 
states in which churches were established, and when- 
ever these states would contain ten bishops each they 
also should be entitled to three. 

The present method under which we work was de- 
cided upon in 1925. The organization of the church in- 
to districts was a means of decreasing the volume of 
business for the Conference by taking care of many of 
the queries dealing with local matters. 

By many, however, it was considered a serious in- 
novation and the report for it was somewhat reluc- 
tantly accepted, as is shown by the following statement : 
" Resolved — that we try the Committee's report for at 
least a sufficient length of time to give it a fair trial." 
This has proven, however, in a general way very satis- 

Representation now is in ratio to the membership of 
the respective congregations, those having two hundred 
or less sending one delegate, while congregations with 
over two hundred may send two. Under the former 
ruling each church sent two delegates regardless of size 
of its membership. 

In reading the records of Annual Meeting of these 
days one is impressed with the amount of business dis- 
posed of, although individual attitudes on personal con- 
duct in the home, the school, the church and state com- 
prised a large part of it. 

The church decided what the individual should wear 
and how to wear it ; what places it was safe to go, or 
not fit to go; whether we should send our 'children to 
college and what profession was safe to enter ; the type 
of homes and how they should be furnished ; what kind 
of a vehicle they should ride in, whether a carriage with 
or without springs. There was at least some advantage 
in this style of legislation from the standpoint that 
there was no trouble looking after a pattern every few 
weeks when styles changed. 

The time now at Conference is spent in some things 
more important and such things as those aforesaid are 
left largely for individuals to decide, no mandatory rul- 
ings being given forth unless there is a " thus 'saith the 
Lord " to sustain it, and all other Conference action be- 
ing advisory. In line with this different policy we find 
the peace question constantly to the fore, while ways 
of promoting temperance have the regular attention and 
best thought of our leaders. The year 1781, close to the 

end of the Revolution, saw the appearance of the first 
minute on the question of peace versus war, while 1789 
marked the date of birth of the temperance discussion 
which has continued such a live topic ever since. 

The Sunday-school question early received the atten- 
tion of the Brethren although not formally designated 
by that name until the year 1857. The church, however, 
was much concerned about the proper spiritual instruc- 
tion of the youthful and childish mind as is shown by 
well thought out plans for their attention, and we find 
that as early as 1789 nearly three-quarters of a century 
before the name itself was officially authorized by Con- 
ference, the Brethren had decided to have assemblies 
especially for this purpose, according to the injunction 
of Deut. 6 : 7, thus antedating the work of Robert 
Raikes, and becoming the originators of the Sunday- 
school idea in America. 

These perennial problems handed down to us from 
the past still continue to be of great interest to a con- 
cerned membership and there are also some improve- 
ments in operation of the Conference which in a word 
will mean setting the clock forward in the consideration 
of the real business for which the Conference is called. 

The present enlarged Conference program embracing 
the educational, missionary, and social work of the 
church is important and valuable as well, but 
the time given these subjects has resulted in the 
recent past in their obtaining the preference in time 
over the real deliberative business of the Conference to 
an extent that adequate time for making decisions by 
the delegates which may affect the work of the church 
for years has been placed at the end of the meeting 
when many are tired and all are ready and anxious to 
be off for home. 

The wisdom of this has become not a matter of ques- 
tion, when I state as a member of the Standing Com- 
mittee of the present year, that I was with the Commit- 
tee in session for approximately twenty- four hours in 
close consideration of the papers there presented, which 
then went out to open session of Conference on the last 
day of the meeting and in about six hours' time all were 
disposed of by the larger body. There has without 
doubt grown up a considerable sentiment for a benefi- 
cial change in this line and it is gratifying to note that 
the effect of a Conference report just presented will be 
to bring forth changes that may be worth while. 

In concluding these reminiscences there is one out- 
standing change in the church that appeals to me, which 
has been brought about by the passage of time. It is 
the method of selecting our ministry compared with 
the time of my entrance into it forty-nine years ago. 

Until the year 1917 we advanced when deemed fit, 
from the first to the second degree of the ministry, and 
then on to the eldership or full ministry. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

In that year Conference decided that all holding the 
first and second degrees should be termed ministers. 

In 1922 a request came to Conference asking that the 
decision of 1917 be amended, which was granted, and a 
change was made by which it was decided that brethren 
called to the ministry should be licensed and under this 
ruling a brother feeling that he has the call of the Spir- 
it for this particular work of the church has an avenue 
through which he may approach the fulfillment of his 
desires, whereas under the old custom there was noth- 
ing for him to do except to wait until such time as the 
local church might possibly elect. 

Under this obsolete system there is no doubt that the 
church lost the services of many capable young men 
who felt a desire to thus serve their Master and might 
have been a power for good in the work of the king- 

In my mind this was a very important change, if not 
one of the most important of the many that I have 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Evangelistic Methods 


Beginning with Dec. 11, last, Eld. R. W. Schlosser, 
President of Elizabethtown College, Pa., was with the 
Sebring church fifteen days, during which time he de- 
livered seventeen highly appreciated addresses. It is 
not concerning the revival held that I wish to speak; 
that is left for the church correspondent, but the char- 
acter of the services gives me occasion for some help- 
ful, and I trust some constructive reflections. 

Bro. Schlosser is a speaker of much more than or- 
dinary ability. He has a strong, well modulated voice, 
good pulpit poise, and at all times has his subject matter 
well in hand. He knows what he wants to say, and 
knows how to say it. He talks as one in thorough sym- 
pathy with what he presents, and there is not the re- 
motest hint of doubt, or the first element of apology. 
With him the Bible speaks for itself, and what it says 
is the end of all controversy. 

From start to finish his sermons are crammed full of 
facts, illustrations and the keenest of points. He shows 
unquestionable reverence for the Bible, respect for the 
church and the deepest sympathy for humanity in gen- 
eral. He indulges in no jokes or witticisms. The 
preaching of the gospel, as he views it, is a serious mat- 
ter and the pulpit as well as the pew is a sacred place. 
He makes no effort to turn the house of God into a 
house of mirth. He impresses his audience with the 
fact that the house of God is a house of prayer, a place 
of heavenly ways and emphasizes her songs of love and 
praise. His sermons are broad, deep, and yet simple 
enough to be understood by the most common thinker. 

He is never misunderstood. What he says is straight 
and to the point. He needs no catchy phrases or witty 
methods to command the attention of his audience. His 
serious, logical and instructive method is gripping in 
its very nature. For marshaling facts, illustrations 
and keen points, his memory borders on the marvelous. 
In all of it there is an element of dignity, confidence 
and humility that commands the respect of each and ev- 
ery one who attends his services. I admired the re- 
spect he showed for the pastor as well as for the other 
ministers of the congregation. There were not the first 
indications of regarding himself as the whole thing. 
He was with us to do his part and do it well. 

But this is mainly preliminary. It is about the na- 
ture and character of his sermons that I wish more spe- 
cially to speak. From the beginning the major part of 
every discourse was distinctly fundamental — dealing 
with some fundamental question. In this way the ser- 
mon becomes decidedly instructive, in fact, really educa- 
tional. In other words, three-fourths of a discourse is 
educational, real teaching along gospel lines. It con- 
tains something to be learned and remembered. In a 
sense it is doctrine deftly and clearly stated. While 
most hearers would not speak of it as doctrine, yet that 
is what it really is. Following this method one may, 
in a dozen addresses, cover practically all the outstand- 
ing doctrines of the New Testament. And while the 
teaching thus dealt out may clash with the views held 
by others, yet it does not antagonize, but is listened to 
and spoken of with all due respect even by those of 
other persuasions. Speaking of the sermons one care- 
ful listener and thinker said : " Bro. Schlosser lays 
down a solid foundation and then builds thereon." He 
makes no reference to other denominations, and seldom 
to the Brethren, but preaches the gospel, preaches the 
doctrine, and does it so clearly that he is never misun- 

His method commands steady attention and respect 
and gives the people of every class something to think 
about, and even to talk about. Discoursing on the New 
Testament form of baptism one evening, he called at- 
tention to the frequentative form and meaning of the 
Greek word baptizo, the word employed in the bap- 
tismal formula, as set forth in Matt. 28 : 19, saying that 
the very meaning of the word demands a repetition of 
the action. This he stressed with force and clearness. 
At the close of the service he was approached by a cul- 
tured Greek lady, born, raised and educated in the city 
of Athens, whose mother tongue is the Greek, who told 
him that he held the right view regarding the meaning 
of baptizo, saying that all Greek speaking people under- 
stand the word to mean a repeated action, hence to dip 
repeatedly, as defined by several Greek dictionaries. A 
declaration of this sort, coming from a highly educated 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

native Greek, deserves more than a passing notice. 

After several well directed discourses are given, thus 
laying a good foundation, the closing part of the sermon 
following contains a strong, well directed evangelistic 
appeal. These appeals, backed up by solid Biblical facts, 
fundamental in their very nature, have their effect. The 
influence is more than merely emotional, as is too often 
the case in revival efforts. 

While pondering over the addresses, from evening to 
evening, I naturally fell to thinking of the need and 
value of like sermons in all parts of the brotherhood. 
There was a time in the history of our people when the 
major part of the evangelistic sermons were of the doc- 
trinal type. With this type of preaching thousands of 
well indoctrinated people were added to the church. In 
such efforts there may also have been an emotional ele- 
ment, but it was always backed up by the plain teach- 
ings of the New Testament. Converts made in this 
way knew what they were doing, and as a rule they re- 
mained true and steadfast. Their change of life was 
brought about by a conviction that went to the heart. 

For some reason we have got practically away from 
this type of evangelistic work. Our present day efforts 
are largely along emotional lines. In a revival an evan- 
gelist may, in the course of two weeks, deliver near a 
score of interesting and strong sermons without even 
hinting at the outstanding doctrines of the church in 
whose interest he is working. So far as the make-up 
of the sermons is concerned they may fit into the claims 
of one denomination as well as another. Under such 
influence people, mostly of the young class, are brought 
into the church hardly knowing what the Bible says re- 
garding their duty, responsibilities and privileges. The 
evangelist goes his way, but the converts are left for 
the pastor to teach and develop as best he can. So far 
as right teaching is concerned, the first work, the very 
work the evangelist should have done, has to be taken 
care of by the pastor, who himself may be ill prepared 
for that line of teaching. In the great commission the 
Master told his disciples to first teach, that is, make 
learners of prospective converts, then baptize them, this 
to be followed by still more teaching. 

When professional evangelists by their skillfully 
wrought methods sweep people, many of them mere 
children, into the church without necessary preliminary 
teaching, I seriously question the fairness of the deal. 
To me it does not seem fair to the converts. We have 
a good deal to say these days about the right of a child 
to be well born. Why not apply a bit of this philosophy 
to the right of a child convert to be well born ? Is not 
the spiritual birth fully as important as the physical? 
It may be that here is a point far too much overlooked 
in our whole evangelistic system. Or, possibly for this 
reason the church must suffer because of too large a 

per cent of weak, indifferent and half-hearted members. 
Sebring, Fla. 

My Brother's Interests and Mine 


Every member of the church who is awake and in- I 
terested in the growth of the kingdom has some very \ 
definite things on his mind which he would like to see j 
receive some real attention. Such an individual may al- 
so be one of a certain group which has a real reason for 
existing. He may be associated with the work of the 
Mission Board, a member of a faculty or of a trustee 
board of a college or the seminary, an elder or pastor 
of a local church, or a layman who has a vital interest in 
the work of his group. It is very easy and human for \ 
a member of any of the above groups to become selfish 
and narrow and feel that his interests are being serious- I 
ly neglected. It is also easy for one who has a definite 
interest to push it to a degree that is discourteous and 
unfair to the rights of others. Do you think that a \ 
cause which is wholly unselfish in the things for which 
it stands could be carried on in a very selfish way? 

The program of the General Mission Board and the 
effort to execute that program should be made and 
furthered in the light of the needs of our various 
schools. It should also be drafted in the light of the 
needs of our local churches which are now in the transi- 
tion period from a freewill to a supported ministry, 
which for a time means more money at home to support 
pastors, build parsonages, remodel old churches, etc. 

The trustees of our schools should make their plans 
for further equipment, solicitation, etc., in the light of 
the needs of the General Mission Board and in con- 
sideration of their constituency. 

And the local church should emphasize its needs in i 
fair consideration of the great fact that millions are yet 
without the gospel and that the first work of the church 
local and at large is to take the message where it is not. 
If the local church should decrease its mission endeavor 
it should be only temporary and with the objective that 
the local group may be made stronger and more active 
in the general missionary emphasis. The local group 
must know that in its own locality there are places that 
must have a lift if the need is properly considered, and 
the local church must see the need and real value in de- 
nominational schools and plan to do its part in their 

Missionaries, secretaries, professors, pastors and all 
church helpers should decide how much salary they 
should receive, not on the fact of the possession of a 
Ph. D., M. A., or B. D. degree, but in the careful con- 
sideration of the fact that money does not grow on 
trees, but that the business man must meet keen compe- 
tition if he make any money, and the laboring man who 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

not long since made ten dollars a day is now making 
two, or walking the streets looking for a job, or waiting 
in the bread line for something to eat. The above 
group of church remunerated folk must also realize 
that the farmer is wondering where the money is to 
come from to pay interest and taxes to save his home 
and the land upon which he depends for a living. An- 
other thing to be noted is the fact that the layman is 
being asked for money by the Near East relief, the 
Anti-Saloon League, the Red CrOss, the Salvation 
Army, college financial secretaries, the Council of Pro- 
motion, and the local finance committee. Laymen are 
many times very much confused and are made to won- 
der what it is all about. 

The laymen of the church, which includes the busi- 
ness man, the factory man, the man of the farm, and 
all their families, should buy cars, burn gas, get new 
and expensive and sometimes unnecessary clothes, im- 
prove their homes for comfort, eat extra things, go to 
the movies, etc., only after a careful consideration of 
the needs of the unsaved millions and the agencies in 
the church which stand for eternal things. 

President Winger in his missionary address at An- 
derson said that he believed the young people of the 
church spent enough in a year to equal the Conference 
Budget. We all think that a man who has spent most 
of his life with the young people of the church knows 
the facts about the situation. What a challenge to the 
young ! 

When all the institutions of the church and all the 
individual members of the church get to the place where 
they are willing to think of the rights of others and 
plan their programs and spend their money with others 
in mind, then friction shall cease, and a Higher Power 
can then supervise, and then the needful things shall re- 
ceive a just and lawful consideration. 

The individual who can with one hundred per cent 
enthusiasm push the cause in the kingdom for which 
he is responsible, and at the same time be one hundred 
per cent considerate of the rights and interests of his 
brother, is the broad man that the Lord can use in the 
largest way in the work of the kingdom. 

Middlebury, hid. 

The Target 


How about 1933? It is the centenary of my dear 
mother's birth. It is the centenary of the sedate Benja- 
min Harrison of White House fame. It is the cente- 
nary of the appalling meteoric shower, and a host of 
other notable events. 

But how about 1933 for you and me? Likely we 
have reviewed 1932 and previewed 1933. Some passing 
remarks on a few familiar words may be interesting. 

Target means a shield, a protection, a mark to be shot 
at. It may prove a help, a protection for us to set up 
some 1933 marks of achievement. 

Platform means to the politician something to get in 
on, like that of a train coach, something to be achieved 
in a certain period of time. 

Budget means a package or bundle of news, a finan- 
cial planning for a fiscal year, a summary of future 

Resolution means, for this use as a threadbare term, 
that which is decided on for the new year, easily 
broken after spoken, to lie shattered and scattered. 

Program means a plan of future procedure. It 
should be well begun for such is styled half done. 
When father came home at noon from school, little 
Mary girl rushed out through the unsullied snow and 
exclaimed gleefully and exuberantly : " Here comes pa- 
pa, and the first thing on the program is, I love papa !" 

Objective means something thrown in one's path for 
future action, something set up as an end to be attained. 

Goal seems a football term, a horizontal between two 
posts, over which the ball must be hurled by foot to win 
a play point, a something to mark and measure the 
progress of competing forces, a big aim in a terrific 
struggle, the turning point of success and failure. 

Ideal means the psychic picture thrown on the gilded 
screen of imagination as a model to be concreted in ac- 
tual life, a rainbow promise of what the future may be. 
The idealized may be realized. 

Attention ! How can all these terms, these simple 
words with their uniform forward look of potential 
content supply holy inspiration to our every laudable 
aspiration through much 1933 perspiration? What a 
dynamic question ! Let each of us answer for himself, 
for herself. 

I come to land with both feet on the first of these 
outward, forward looking forces — the target. I used a 
well worn, tattered and torn phrase, once upon a time, 
when I was in good old eastern Tennessee ; the very at- 
mosphere seemed soaked and charged with legend and 
tradition about the quaintly wise David Crockett, far- 
famed for his " Be sure you are right, then go ahead." 
One of these stories in particular interested me. This 
wizard of the woods decided he would run for con- 
gress. Even then he did not run. He shot. So it runs. 
" He shot himself to congress." 

Shooting matches were held. Targets were set. 
Prizes were offered ; crowds assembled. Davy was the 
honored hero of these pioneer and enthusiastic gather- 
ings. He was a " crack " marksman. He was a good 
shot. He was the prize winner. He was the victorious 
candidate for congress. His quaint garb of skins from 
his hunting trophies and his forceful forest philosophy 
crowned him with honor at Washington. He was him- 
self in congressional halls. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

The target was concisely set at established distance 
from the marksman's position. People were lined up 
on each side of the whizzing whistling bullet way, thus 
making a human lane as the bullet road. There was 
genuine thrill as the lead went hissing keenly by 
through the rooting crowd of admiring onlookers. 

While the marksman was tensely waiting with rifle in 
hand, pointing downward, the signal was given. Then 
of a sudden with both eyes fastened on the target, the 
gun held from his body and both hands outward, he 
raised his rifle quickly and unhesitatingly fired with un- 
failing accuracy. The score was made and duly noted 
amid wild applause. In this the rifleman's whole body, 
mind, and soul centered on the target. No one-eye-shut 
method was ever used. Both hands, both eyes, the 
whole man tensely guided the bullet to target. It was 
a dynamic and gala day for the pioneer and mountain- 
eer as he pushed westward American civilization. 

Just so the sterling soul of buoyant hope goes " to 
meet another year." While he reckons with the past by 
which his " feet are guided," yet Paul-like he sets his 
1933 target of clear-cut objectives. 

Dear reader, at what great target of dynamic purpose 
is your rifle of endeavor pointing ? What platform for 
the year are your feet treading on? What budget of 
duty stands bundled in your path? What resolution 
possesses you from head to foot? What program of 
procedure stretches out over your future in golden 
panoramic attraction? What objectives have you set as 
an irresistible magnet to draw you on to greater 
achievement? What goal ahead beckons you on with 
all concrete action? What beautiful rainbow ideal 
arches over your path to be concreted in achievement 
and character? Fire the rifle of a divine purpose. Hit 
your 1933 target. Hit the bull's eye. Win achieve- 
ments. Give God the glory and honor forever. 

One minister sets three sermons a week on the aver- 
age as a minimum. Another preacher decides on bet- 
ter and deeper doctrinal teaching. 

A man who has neglected his prayer life decides on 
more closet praying. Another one where the family al- 
tar has fallen down decides to erect it again and to keep 
the home fires burning. 

Bro. Q quits taking his church paper, but decides to 
take it again and to read it. Bro. X hits the target to 
read his Bible more. Bro. Y resolves to be more hope- 
ful and patient. Bro. Z sets up the objective of being 
a better man. 

Bro. Giver idealizes a deeper plunge into home and 
foreign missions. 

Sister Faith will be more stabilized and have it as 
God desires. 

Sister Hope will keep things on life's pathway more 

Sister Charity will bless the poor and every one 

Bro. Church decides to be less conformed to the 
world and more conformed to Christ. 

Bro. Conference is idealizing God's Word more and 
will, I hope, follow his own decisions or teach himself 
to be true to himself before he asks others to follow 

Bro. District will be wider awake, see more, feel 
more, do more. 

Bro. Congregation will fire his rifle of love and unity 
and hit the target of better evangelism and more pleas- 
ing housekeeping. 

Bro. Officer and Bro. Board and Bro. Pastor will 
seek greater parity of reward with the toiler of the soil 
and otherwise. 

Let us all fire at the target of the Holy Eight in 1708, 
to reestablish and perpetuate apostolic Christianity in- 
stead of the doubting, drifting, degenerating, damning 
apostasy of this money-grabbing, modernizing, ma- 
terializing age. 

We want not less of the brotherhood of man, but 
more of the brotherhood of Jesus. 

Bro. Paul would forget the past and set up the prize 
of our high calling of God in Christ Jesus. 

John and Mary have decided to yield more to the 
wishes of mother and father. 

Bro. Ministry has set up the target idea of preaching 
peace and temperance by regeneration rather than by 
social and political reformation. 

Brother and Sister Christian have resolved to be and 
look more like Bible teaching and to set up the church 
as the divine agency of doing all good — God's supreme 
agency of evangelism. 

Bro. Evangelism has sold himself on winning the 
world to Christ by oneness with Christ and God rather 
than by finance and mere organization. 

Bro. College sets up the target of education for 
Christ and the church rather than by collegiate rank and 

Bro. Nonconformity-to-the-world wants to keep his 
front seat in the church. 

Our friend, Mr. Lodge, is rejected membership in the 
church because he generally has a Christless religion, 
because he opposes the church as the divinely supreme 
agency for doing all good. 

Mr. World is denied church membership until born 
of water and of the Spirit. 

Sister Love and Bro. Obedience plead for a front 
seat in all the church membership. 

We set up high and holy objectives. We decide to 
keep on in the good old-fashioned gospel way. We de- 
cide the quitter never wins and the winner never quits. 
1933 promises to be one continuous revelation. We de- 
cide to look upward rather than downward — outward 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


rather than inward — forward rather than backward. 
We go on with a heart for any fate. We trust God do- 
eth all things well. 
Nokesville, Va. 

A Report of the 1932 World Day of Prayer 


The observance of the World Day of Prayer on Feb. 
12, 1932, was a demonstration of the growing world fel- 
lowship in faith and in prayer. More changes are 
wrought by prayer than most of us realize. " The hour 
cometh, and now is, when the true worshipers shall 
worship the Father in spirit and in truth : for the Fa- 
ther seeketh such to worship him." The reality and the 
spirit of the services held around the world last year 
are evident in the reports received. 

From our Liao Chow, China, mission came the report 
that although this special day came during their evan- 
gelistic week, they decided to take the day off for 
prayer. They met in the forenoon and carried out the 
program as printed in the booklet. There were two sea- 
sons for prayer in the forenoon : first, for the deepen- 
ing of their own spiritual lives ; and next, for the spirit 
of service toward all others. In the afternoon they met 
at two o'clock and continued until nearly five. During 
this session they prayed one by one for the leading 
countries of the world, beginning with China. Previ- 
ous to taking up each country Sister Hutchison showed 
the location of each country on a large map and also 
showed large pictures of the people of the different 
countries. At the close of the report was this testi- 
mony : " I felt it was a season of real spiritual blessing 
to those who came, both in helping them personally and 
in giving them a larger interest in a world vision. It 
helped them in knowing the fact that many other Chris- 
tian women throughout the world were at the same time 
praying for the same things." 

In India, the Khergam church sisters joined in with 
the world sisterhood and had their prayer meeting. At 
this meeting were many non-Christian women of the 
community who took a deep interest in the meeting. 
They, too, offered just a little prayer but it certainly 
meant much to all present. One woman who is afflicted 
with leprosy was much interested and showed by the 
radiance of her face that she was having some different 
thoughts from what she ever had before. Their efficient 
leader, Mrs. N. V. Solanky, wife of the Khergam elder, 
had a good message for these village women. They 
certainly did " Hold Fast in Prayer." At Dahanu Road 
a meeting was held in answer to the call for world 
prayer. Most of their women were present and a splen- 
did meeting was had. They were happy to have a small 
part in this prayer circle. 

At the Garkida Leper colony they used the booklet 
" Hold Fast in Prayer " in connection with the school. 

All of the scriptures that had been translated into Bura 
were used; they were also read in Hausa, as many of 
the Christians know only Hausa. Songs were sung in 
both languages and Mrs. Royer gave a talk on the 
meaning of the World Day of Prayer. 

In practically every country where Christ is known 
his followers met for the observance of this day. This 
year Christians of all nations and races will again as- 
semble on Friday, March 3, for meditation and prayer. 
All women in the Church of the Brethren are urged to 
take time for prayer on this day, either in a union serv- 
ice, or if this is not possible, in a denominational serv- 
ice. Invite the men that they too may be partakers in 
this spiritual feast. School children will enjoy a service 
of their own after the public school has been dismissed. 
The young people of the community should arrange for 
an evening service. In our colleges the Volunteer 
groups may sponsor this prayer service. 

The theme of the program is Follow Thou Me, price 
2 cents ; $2 per hundred. Each person attending the 
service should be supplied with a program. The Call to 
Prayer leaflet is free. A poster 11x17 inches is 5 cents. 
Order all supplies early from the General Mission 

If the World Day of Prayer service is held by our 
own women, the offering could well be applied to the 
Women's Work project. If it is held with other church- 
es in the community this could not be done. 

Dallas Center, Iowa. 

If We Say "Our Father" 


Few prayers are offered without the words " Our 
Father." If he is our Father, then we are his children. 
Many people speak to him in this intimate way. If they 
are his children then we certainly would be made to 
conclude that all people of his creation are his children, 
and all of us are brothers and sisters. 

In our earthly Christian family relationships, when 
one member of the family is in need of the physical 
things of life or meets misfortune, the other persons in 
the family make earnest efforts to help. We sacrifice, 
if need be, that our brother may have, at least, the 

Dare we say, " Our Father," until we are willing to 
treat all men as brothers — as God's children, equally 
with us? Dare we say it before we have lost our race 
prejudices and before we have opened our eyes and 
hearts to the needs of the world? 

There are those of us who are on salaries — yes, with 
cuts in most cases, but what of that as long as we have 
plenty to eat and are living comfortably in every way? 
There are many who would like to earn but no oppor- 
tunity comes. The parent hearts desire the same for 
their children as do those of the wage-earners. And 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

they would like to give, too, as in former times, to be- 
nevolences but they can not. Have we thought of join- 
ing the ranks of the " Substitute Givers " as suggested 
by the General Mission Board a number of weeks ago? 
It isn't too late yet. Mission work is in dire need and 
those who have not heard the gospel in other lands are 
pleading for it as before. The home church needs 
strengthening with lives, prayers and money. 

Those of us who are farmers might be able to find, 
even manufacture, ways and means of giving. The giv- 
ing of the Sunday eggs, an acre of corn, a tree of apples, 
or a portion of any other crop are good suggestions. A 
bushel of home-parched corn meal would make good 
food for the hungry for many days. With the low price 
of corn and the expense of grinding being a dime or 
less, a bushel of corn ground into meal would not likely 
have more actual value than a quarter, but be worth 
much more than that to hungry boys and girls. Or per- 
haps home-parched meal could be sold at store prices 
to earn money to give. This is only an example of what 
is being done. Perhaps it will be suggestive. 

After we have done our full share for our brothers 
and sisters we may with sincerity and reverence say, 
" Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy 

Franklin Grove, III. 

Annual Meeting of the Home Missions 


Member Home Mission Advisory Council 

The Annual Meeting of the Home Missions Council 
and the Council of Women for Home Missions 
was held in the Madison Avenue Baptist Church, 
New York City, Jan. 9-11, 1933. This was a some- 
what unusual meeting, not only because of the pe- 
culiarities of the times, but also because of some 
of the special features of the program. The 
agenda consisted largely of the various phases of 
the report of the committee on the Five-year Program 
of Comity and Adjustment. The twenty-fifth anni- 
versary of the organization of these councils was also 
fittingly observed by a special dinner at the Hotel 
George Washington. 

At these various sessions " fellowship " and " cooper- 
ation," the keywords of these organizations from their 
beginning, were given their usual emphasis. Although 
the subject of organic unity is never on the program of 
these councils, denominations being considered vital to 
the preservation of sacred truth and the conservation of 
unique areas of life, comity, nevertheless, in its positive 
as well as negative aspects receives major attention. 
Outstanding achievements in this realm of endeavor are 
the cooperative enterprises among the various groups 

of seasonal and migrant laborers, and the joint super- 
vision of religious work in the Federal Government's 
Indian schools. The federation projects at Boulder 
City, Colo., and Radburn, N. J., are instances of the ap- 
plication of the same principle to the local parish. Ex- 
amples of the exchange and allocation of territory are 
legion. A new venture in the same general field is a 
serious consideration of regional interdenominational 
supervision in the interest of economy and general effi- 

The theory and practice of these councils indicate 
that something like " technocracy," is being applied to 
the Home Mission enterprise by its own leaders. Un- 
der their own auspices a five-year program of comity 
and adjustment is being rapidly consummated. This 
process of self-judgment anticipates an appraisal from 
laymen, such as has come to the foreign enterprise, but 
now official action has been taken heartily welcoming 
and encouraging such an impartial investigation. At- 
tention was called to the fact that while public utility 
corporations study population trends so as to anticipate 
new demands on their facilities, church and mission 
workers delay making necessary adjustments until com- 
pelled to do so by economic and other considerations. 
Research with reference to the modern metropolitan 
problem, such as was reflected in the recent Chicago 
Conference on the city church, and other scientific ap- 
proaches to the task of the modern church, indicate an 
earnest endeavor to keep the church abreast with con- 
temporary social development. 

The present economic crisis, it is felt, affords a 
strategic occasion for the effecting of adjustments that 
have seemed inevitable to the prophets of home mis- 
sions for some time. Outstanding among the changes 
that now seem to be forced, is the elimination of sub- 
sidies to unproductive churches. Attention was called 
to the remarkable success of the self-support policy in 
Korea, and the question was raised as to whether such 
a plan might not be at least equally workable in the or- 
ganized churches of America. Furthermore, with ref- 
erence to the unemployment problem among ministers, 
although it was freely conceded that there is real need 
among able leaders, yet the conviction was expressed 
that probably there are not too many workers of the 
right type, and that the economic crisis may represent 
the signal for the elimination of deficiency, if not 
mediocrity, from the realm of subsidy. 

The lamentable situation with reference to church 
debts was also considered. In fact the council has a 
Church Campaigns Bureau as a regular department of 
its work. Although there is comfort in the thought that 
while in some sections one bank in six has failed, only 
one church in two thousand has proved insolvent ; yet 
the fact remains that the cause is paralyzed in hundreds 

(Continued on Page 20) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 



'Uhis ^Department 
Conducted by 
H. Spenser Minnich 

White Man Teaches Indians How to Trap 

Fascinated by the automobile and modern civiliza- 
tion, the Indians on a Washington reservation had com- 
pletely forgotten their woodcraft. 

When hard times hit the reservation, it became neces- 
sary to import a member of the U. S. Biological Survey 
to teach them how to trap, in order to augment their in- 

Keep the Missionaries on the Job 

Edward Ziegler, missionary to India, writes of a 
conversation with a Hindu lawyer. " Twenty years ago 
had you come to us with the new Christian message you 
would have found our hands full, holding to our old 
beliefs. Now we are holding out empty hands. But 
within a few years our hands will probably be turned 
palms down, or clasped tightly on material things." 
Bro. Ziegler hints that there may be a forthcoming 
article for the Messenger from this lawyer. 

He also reports conversing with a young Indian who 
is honestly puzzled. He has been confronted with the 
claims from Russia as well as from the Christian 
church. Which way shall he go ? That is the question 
on which he came to our missionary for light. In these 
days when we at home debate whether we can afford to 
give to missions, let us consider whether we can afford 
to stop giving and' thus take our missionaries away 
from those seeking the light. 

Have We Made Christ Too Small? 

All of our troubles in the past have come from our 
making Christ too small for the needs of men. We 
have not taken Christ at his word when he said : " I 
am the Light of the world, he that followeth me shall 
not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." 
We have discounted his claims. We have taken them 
with reservations. In our practice we have said he is 
the Light of the world — except the commercial world, 
the social world, the political world, the industrial 
world, the national and the international world — and as 
a result we are walking in darkness today. We have lost 
our way as individuals, as a nation, and as a world. We 

must come back to Christ if we are going to find our 
way to a peaceful and helpful world. The outlook for 
missions will be bright only so long as we give the gos- 
pel of Christ in all of its fullness to every man, woman 
and child regardless of creed, color or condition." — 
From Home Mission Council Nczvs Sheet. 

Self-Supporting Churches in Africa 

Mrs. Kulp has called our attention to an error oc- 
curring in the Teachers' Monthly for November, 1932. 
On page 515 referring to the self-supporting African 
church it reads : " All churches in our mission in Afri- 
ca are self-supporting. The buildings are erected by 
the people themselves, with the aid of the missionaries, 
or aid from mission funds." Sister Kulp says that the 
with should be without. This is one of the fatal errors 
that sometimes creep into print that reverse the in- 
tended meaning entirely. 

We are glad to acknowledge and correct such blun- 
ders since it would be a great injustice to our African 
brethren who are sacrificing to establish a self-propa- 
gating and self-supporting church out of their poverty. 
Also to the missionaries who are struggling courageous- 
ly to lay the foundation for permanent churches in the 
heart of Africa. 

While this principle of self-support is more difficult 
in other lands than in Africa, yet we will do well even 
in America to test the soundness of the principle. 
Nothing will give unity or stability to a church like the 
sacrifice of its worshipers to live or build within their 
reasonable ability to maintain the work. We have heard 
of a congregation suffering with divisive tendencies 
whose men were challenged by the good women to build 
a church of native material and with their own hands. 
It was done. The women cooked and the men worked. 
This was in America. They are reported to have a 
beautiful chapel and a united and growing church. It 
is rather difficult to avoid unity and progress with those 
who labor and sacrifice in a common cause ! 

To My Christian Sisters in America 

Note: The following story is the autobiography of one of our school 
girls in China. She writes especially to the women who are helping 
to support the Girls' School project, and "for use in the missionary 
society programs. 

I was born of Christian parents in the village of Lu 
Chia Ho, about twenty English miles from Show Yang, 
the county seat of Show Yang County. My father 
served the English Baptist Church as evangelist for a 
number of years, and preached in their village chapel at 
Pin T'ou. This village is just one mile from my home 
town, and was formerly the center of the work of the 
English Baptist Mission in that locality. I was the 
fourth child in a family of six children, but three sis- 
ters and a brother died very young, so at present, a 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

younger brother and myself, with our mother are the 
only survivors of a family that once numbered eight. 
We own a very small piece of ground, about twenty 
Chinese acres, from which we made our living in 
former years. 

Through the love and kindness of our Heavenly Fa- 
ther, my brother and I, even though very poor, have 
had the opportunity to go to school. When I was eleven 
years old, a little school was opened in our home town, 
where we studied for one and one-half years. At this 
time we heard that the Brethren Mission, " Yu Ai 
Hui," had established a Girls' School in the city of 
Show Yang. My parents were delighted for they 
wanted me to go to a Christian school, and further- 
more, a man from our own town was hired as a teacher 
in that school, so with him to introduce me, I was en- 
rolled in the " Shou Chen " (Keep Pure) school, in the 
fall of 1920. Even though I had studied only one and 
one-half years, I was permitted to enter the third grade. 
Miss Grace Clapper was the principal of the school, and 
it was a new experience to me, to have a foreigner as 
one of my teachers. In the fourth month of the next 
school year, I was baptized and became a member of 
the Church of the Brethren. 

After I had completed the work of the lower pri- 
mary, and the first year higher primary, the higher pri- 
mary course was eliminated from the curriculum of the 
Show Yang school, and thus a difficult problem con- 
fronted me. Most of my classmates were planning to 
go to the Brethren Mission school at Ping Ting Chow, 
thirty miles from Show Yang, and I wanted to go too, 
but it seemed out of the question. My father said it 
was too far away from home, and with the added ex- 
pense of railway fare coming and going, he simply 
couldn't afford to send me to Ping Ting. It looked for 
a time as though I had come to the end of my educa- 
tion. With my dearest hopes shattered, I was very un- 
happy. I almost wished I had never gotten a taste of 
an education, since it all ended so quickly and abruptly. 

During the summer vacation there came to our little 
village of Lu Chia Ho, an evangelist from Tai Yuan 
Fu, the capital city of the Province of Shansi. My par- 
ents told him about my disappointment in not being 
able to continue my school work, and he told them 
about the English Baptist school in Tai Yuan Fu, 
where the children of evangelists were admitted free of 
charge, and persuaded my parents to send me to the 
English Baptist Mission School. My hopes revived 
again, we were all made happy and thanked our 
Heavenly Father for his kindness in opening the way 
for me to continue my school work. In the autumn I 
entered the Tsun Teh School, where I remained for 
three successive years, completing the higher primary 
course, and two years junior middle school. 

At this time my father became very ill with heart 

trouble, which rapidly grew worse, and he was finally 
forced to give up his position as evangelist, and remain 
quietly at home. My mother's eyes were so bad that 
she could scarcely see to move about. It seemed every- 
thing was against us, I had to drop out of school, my 
father had to quit work, and mother was almost blind. 
It seemed I was needed at home, but who was to make 
the living for the family? 

Fortunately for us at that time there was a call for a 
teacher in the Show Yang girls' school, and I was happy 
to be a teacher in the school where I had been a pupil 
less than four years previous to this time. In six 
months our hearts were saddened because my father 
was called home, and my mother, young brother and I 
were left alone. I continued to teach in the Show Yang 
school, and taught three successive years. 

At this writing (1931), through the kindness of some 
good Christian in far-away England, I am again per- 
mitted to be in school at Tai Yuan Fu. I hope to finish 
junior middle school this year, and go back to Show 
Yang to teach next year. I am very, very happy, and 
feel that I have every reason to be thankful to my 
Heavenly Father for his constant leading, and for the 
opportunities he has given me. He has been with me 
in every trial and has been sufficient for all my needs. 
All that I have and am, I owe to his mercy and grace. 
Your Chinese sister in Christ, 
Han Mho Ying. 

Miraj Hospital Started by a Girl 

The beginning of the Miraj Hospital provides one of 
the most touching stories in Christian missions. The 
story goes that when Dr. Wanless was a student in a 
hospital in Canada, his fifteen-year-old sister was 
brought there for treatment. Just before her death, she 
called her brother to her side and gave him the small 
sum of forty cents which she had saved, bidding him to 
take the money and build a hospital for sick children in 
a foreign land. Dr. Wanless told th'e story, and people 
were so interested and sympathetic that they gave 
money and very soon the forty cents grew to eight hun- 
dred dollars. With this, the first building was erected 
in Miraj in 1892. Later this building was much too 
small to care for the hundreds who came to the hospital, 
so it was torn down and a larger building, the present 
Children's Ward, was built in 1924, Rs. 12,000 being 
given for the purpose by Mrs. P. Lalsingh Mansingh. 
After Sir William Wanless had gone to America, a pic- 
ture of his sister was found among the things he left, 
and it was felt appropriate to hang it in the Memorial 
Room of the Children's Ward, where little Indian chil- 
dren may look at the sweet face and hear the story of 
the little girl who gave all she had for them. When Sir 
William Wanless came to Miraj forty years ago, he had 
many problems and trials, but he persevered, and today 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


we see the evidence of his work in a large hospital, car- 
ing for thousands of sick people year by year. — From 


» » ■ 

News From the Field 

Ping Ting Chow 

Notes by F. H. Crumpacker 
Our Membership Rally 

Our membership rally started off with a members' social 
that we called a whole family in the church social. We had 
the families to sit as a family. The enthusiasm ran high. 
Some of the school children stood inside the church door 
waiting a long time for their parents and older brothers and 
sisters to come. Music was provided. Stories were told 
and a lot of peanuts and millet candy were stored away. 
Then came a good talk by the pastor on the importance of 
family life — and by all means a Christian family. The spirit 
of the meeting was fine. The next day the preparatory class 
began. After decisions to enter the church are made we 
give applicants at least one week's regular Bible teaching. 
This class went along for the entire week with the interest 
growing to the end. 

When we finally called the roll we had just thirty appli- 
cants ready for baptism. Among them were farmer women 
and men from the country, some of whom had come thirty 
miles for baptism ; also, some business men and teachers 
from the city, several school boys and girls and two young 
married women. The adults were more than the children 
this time. One shoemaker from the city brought four of 
his employed men. 

The baptismal service was attended by the school children 
and friends of the people to be baptized. Not many others 
came, for the meeting was held on Thursday and in the mid- 
dle of the day when people were very busy. The service 
was beautiful and all the onlookers were extra quiet and re- 

Love Feast and Communion 

In the afternoon we had our love feast and communion. 
About 170 attended. The Chinese pastor led the meeting 
and the entire meeting proved a great blessing. More young 
men attended this year than had come for several years. 

Our Normal Class for Lay Leaders 

Immediately after the above meetings we began our an- 
nual class for laymen. These men, for nearly all are men, 
are chosen from the two counties represented in the Ping 
Ting church area. Though we have but twelve in attend- 
ance from outside the city, yet it is remarkable that nearly 
all of our local groups, which we hope to be separate 
churches soon, have representatives in this meeting. We 
teach them Stewardship, Life of Paul, Catechism and Old 
Testament Characters during the day. In the evening we 
have music for not only these, but any who will come. Last 
night we had a crowd present. This class lasted twenty- 
four days and closed with our Christmas service, conducted 
by all present. We had singing by the various groups, a 
few short talks, and an offering. Then the younger mem- 
bers of the church put on two religious plays — The Nativity 
of Jesus in Song and Pilgrim's Progress. 

A Special Incident 

One of our members living about thirty-three miles from 
the central church came in for his second time to the lay- 

men's class. He could not stay for the whole meeting, but 
wanted to make a testimony before he left. He said in sub- 
stance that he was a wreck five years ago and could do 
anything in the bad catalog. He heard the gospel when the 
tent was in his neighborhood. He had no money and was 
in debt. His wife was dead and he had a small boy. He de- 
cided to become a Christian. When he came he quit gambling, 
smoking, idol worship, and a lot of other things that got 
rid of his money. The Lord blessed him. He was able to 
collect a few old debts. He bought a wife for his child. 
Paid about 150 Mex. He continued to be happy. He had a 
Christian wedding and now he says he has two horses and 
three hundred dollars on interest. His boy is in school and 
now the father declares he will go out as a tract distributer 
and gospel seller on his own. That sounds mighty good to 
us and we think this man is in earnest. May the Lord con- 
tinue to bless him. Pray with us for him. 

Notes by H. C. Ku 
Passing of Bro. Li Tzu Kuang 

Again Ping Ting mourns the loss of one of the most capa- 
ble workers. Bro. Li Tzu Kuang passed on to his final re- 
ward after a few days' illness. He had been one of our most 
faithful workers, having been with us about seventeen 
years. Fifteen years of this time he had been a teacher in 
the boys' school, part of the time the principal. The re- 
mainder of the time he taught Chinese to some of our foreign 
group. He loved music and served as church chorister a 
number of years. He was always courteous and kind and 
humbly and honestly did the tasks that were his. Very fre- 
quently he took his turn in filling the pulpit. His devoted 
wife, a son and a daughter survive him. The children have 
been carefully trained, both have been baptized and have 
excellent records in school. The daughter is now a scholar- 
ship student in a Christian academy in Peiping. The son 
stands at the head of his class in the government high 
school of this city. We deeply regret the breaking up of 
this unusually fine type of Christian home. 
Boys' School 

There are one hundred forty-five boys in school this year. 
They come from thirty-two villages in five counties. Our 
deficit in budget was made up by increasing the price of 
board. The death of Bro. Li caused us great sorrow. More 
than two hundred students attended his funeral. All the 
teachers who are now teaching in the boys' school are grad- 
uates of our local school. We are working earnestly to 
make it the best possible school. 

Notes by Anna Crumpacker 
Bibles and Bible Study 

Recently a movement started in the girls' school for the 
buying of Bibles. Most of the girls now have Bibles of 
their own, which they voluntarily purchased for themselves. 
The first objection to Bible study was recently encountered. 
One little girl who had been attending classes regularly 
came with an objection from her father. He stated that the 
family were Buddhists and it was contrary to their custom 
to have their daughter learn the Christian religion. The lit- 
tle girl was disappointed, but at least kept the letter of her 
father's command. However, when the girls were learning 
the Christian songs she stood outside the window and sang 

In a recent members' meeting Bro. Yin urged Bible study. 
His plan is that small groups of three or four should meet 
together for study, urging people of the same court or near 
neighbors to study together. About twenty groups signed 
up for this group Bible study. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


Calendar for Sunday, February 5 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Chooses the Twelve. — Mark 
3 : 7-35. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Give as the Lord Hath Pros- 
pered Thee. 

B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

Young People — The Missionary Goal. 
Intermediate Girls — Our Church. 
Intermediate Boys — What Would You Do? 

A &. -.++ A 

V T f T 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Lindsay church, Calif. 

One baptism in the Springfield church, 111. 

One baptism in the Ft. McKinley church, Ohio. 

One baptism in the San Bernardino church, Calif. 

One baptism in the Portland church, Ore. 

One baptism in the County Line church, Pa. 

Four baptisms in the Shamokin church, Pa. 

One baptism in the Omaha church, Nebr. 

One baptism in the Winter Park church, Fla. 

One baptism in the Frederick City church, Md. 

Two baptized in the Anderson church, Ind. 

Four baptisms in the First church, Roanoke, Va. 

Four gains, Cedar Creek church, Ala. 

One baptism in Bethany church, Ind. 

Seven baptized in the Pontiac church, Mich., Bro. Chas. 
Forror of Brethren, Mich., evangelist. 

Twenty-four baptized and three reclaimed in the South 
St. Joseph church, Mo. 

Five baptisms in the Redland Mission, Md., Bro. Isaac 
Long of Bridgewater, Va., evangelist. 

Six instead of five baptisms in the Morrellville church, 
Pa., and seven baptisms on Jan. 22. 

Nine baptisms in the Phoenix church, Ariz., result of per- 
sonal work through the Kernahan campaign. 

One more baptism in the Ft. McKinley church, Ohio. 

Fifteen baptisms in the New Carlisle church, Ohio, Bro. J. 
O. Click of Covington, Ohio, evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Flint church, Mich., Bro. Chas. For- 
ror of Brethren, Mich., evangelist. 

Twenty-five baptisms in the Williamsburg church, Pa., 
Brother and Sister Oliver H. Austin of McPherson, Kans., 
evangelists. ^ ^ ^ ^ 

Personal Mention 

Bro. M. J. Brougher of Greensburg, Pa., to begin evan- 
gelistic meetings Feb. 5 in the Huntingdon church, Pa. 

Bro. A. C. Miller, now serving the Westmont church of 
the Johnstown area, will be available for a revival meeting 
or two in early spring. Address him at R. 7, Johnstown, Pa. 

Bro. R. Paul Miller, 379 N. York St., Pottstown, Pa., is 
available for evangelistic meetings this spring, summer and 
fall. He is prepared to sing and lead in song as well as to 

Bro. James A. Flory's eighty-one years are rich in expe- 
rience of many kinds but they have not dimmed his cheery 
outlook on life and the world. That is why he was a wel- 
come visitor in our office the other day. Recently of Shick- 
ley, Nebr., he is finding a home at present in the home of 

his daughter, Mrs. S. C. Miller of Elgin, 111. You can get 
some impression of what he looks like if you look on the 
right page of the Jan 21, Messenger. 

Pastor I. J. Kreider of the Salamonie church of Middle 
Indiana is open for one evangelistic meeting the coming 
summer or fall. Address him at R. 6, Huntington, Ind. 

Bro. P. Stein Hockman, Rada, W. Va., State Superin- 
tendent for the No-Tobacco League of America, informs us 
that he is open to engagement for some revival work in 
West Virginia or Pennsylvania. 

Pastor Niels Esbensen, Freeport, 111., says : " We heartily 
agree with Pastor Waltz that the Messenger is the best 
church paper printed. . . . This paper is a marvelous 
blessing in these times, and we ought to get it into every 
home, but more than that we ought to have every member 
read it." 

Pastor Parker M. Filbrun of the Bear_ Creek church of 
Southern Ohio plans to join the Y. M. C. A. group in their 
pilgrimage to Palestine, sailing from New York March 17. 
If there are others going or interested, he would like to cor- 
respond with them. Address him at R. 4, Box 140, Dayton, 

And still they come — those holiday season's greetings from 
China. The latest to reach the Messenger rooms is from 
Missionaries Minor M. and Sara Z. Myers at Taiyuan. 
Their newsy letter speaks of many things, among them the 
depression, but they are able to say: "For our mission as 
a whole this has been a fine year." 

Bro. R. C. Moreash and wife, Arrowwood, Alberta, expe- 
rienced in evangelistic work, have recently united with the 
Church of the Brethren and are now laboring in the Irricana 
congregation. They desire the prayers of the brotherhood 
in their new connection and invite inquiries concerning their 
availability for further engagements. 

Daleville Academy will hold its Annual Bible Institute 
and Standard Training School Feb. 12 to 17. Timely topics 
and such names as Dr. Jno. S. Flory, M. R. Zigler, F. A. 
Myers, E. H. Eby, Mrs. E. H. Eby, W. M. Kahle, F. E. Wil- 
liar, promise practical help and inspiration. For more par- 
ticulars ask Daleville Academy, Daleville, Va. 

" To each one his work " Mark 13 : 34 says and that is the 
way Eld. Wm. E. Roop has the preachers lined up for the 
1933 appointments at Meadow Branch, Westminster and 
Long Green Valley, all of Eastern Maryland. Council meet- 
ings, love feasts, harvest meetings, evangelistic meetings, 
Vacation Bible Schools — all are arranged for, manned and 

We have just learned that the afflictions of Eld. Jesse D. 
Mohler, Warrensburg, Mo., came to an end Dec. 23 last, 
when he passed quietly into the great beyond. Before ill 
health incapacitated him, Bro. Mohler was not only a recog- 
nized leader of rare ability in his home territory, but served 
the brotherhood at large in various ways. More extended 
reference to his life will appear next week. 

One is never quite ready for the last look at mother's face 
even though the time be fully ripe for her going. You will 
join us therefore in extending sympathy to Young People's 
Director Dan West and all the bereaved ones. Word of 
the serious illness of his mother took Bro. West and wife on 
a hurried trip to Pleasant Hill, Ohio, Thursday night of last 
week. The end came peacefully Saturday morning. It was 
characteristic of her as well as of her devoted son to re- 
quest that the money which might have gone for flowers be 
made instead a memorial gift to the cause of missions. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


Bro. L. W. Smith, pastor at Bartlesville, Okla., writes us : 
"The church called a special prayer meeting the evening 
before the operation." The reference is to the serious oper- 
ation which Sister Smith underwent at the Bartlesville 
Memorial Hospital and they both wish their many friends 
to know that she is recovering nicely. 

Bro. J. F. Appleman of Plymouth, Ind., our railway trans- 
portation agent, says in a recent communication : " Sorry to 
say to you that Mrs. Appleman's health is very poor, and it 
is taking all my time at her bedside and in my home, and I 
am doing very little except work that is really necessary." 
This was not written for publication and we are mentioning 
it without his knowledge that those who seek Bro. Apple- 
man's services may know that they have a fine opportunity 
to exercise charity and patience. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Miscellaneous Items 

" We have many reasons," one hard working pastor 
writes, " for facing the new year with courage." Do you 
agree? Can you find at least some reasons for courage? 
" He that seeketh findeth " if he seeks in the right place. 

"1 have been reading the Messenger for nearly seventy 
years and I feel it is an old friend. I do not want to be 
without it as long as I can see." These are the words of 
Sister Caroline Brown of Lincoln, Nebr., as she asks for a 
change of address. Her closing words are, " God bless the 
Mesenger." We appreciate such words, Sister Brown. 

When one minister and his family spend the Christmas 
holidays with another minister and his family, the first min- 
ister may bury his talents, or he may " volunteer to hold 
some meetings." This is not a hypothetical case we are 
presenting, but the record of something which actually oc- 
curred. The visiting minister of whom we write conducted 
regular Bible study and evangelistic services throughout the 
week. And his host writes : " We are very sure that he 
caused some serious thinking on the part of some whom we 
are expecting to come out in the near future." 
♦♦♦ $ * _ $ 

Our Bookshelf 

Book reviews for this column are prepared by J. E. Miller, Literary 
Editor for the Brethren Publishing House. Any book reviewed in 
these columns, and any others you wish to order, may be purchased 
through the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. — Ed. 

Improving the Small Church School, by George Voiers 
Moore. Bethany Press. $1.00. 172 pages. 

Here is a timely book by a man who has come up through 
the small church school, has worked in it for years and 
knows its needs. It is an intelligent, sympathetic and help- 
ful treatment of the subject. Because most of the church 
schools are small there is the greater reason why at least 
some writers should consider their needs. 

The titles of the several chapters will give you a fair idea 
of the contents of the book : I. What Is a Small Church 
School? II. What Is Right With the Small Church School? 
III. What Is Wrong With the Small Church School? IV. 
How to Improve the General Attitude. V. How to Improve 
the Leadership. VI. How to Improve the Organization. 
VII. How to Improve the Program. VIII. How to Improve 
the Building, Equipment and Materials. IX. How to Im- 
prove the Finances. X. How Some Small Church Schools 
Are Being Improved. 

If you would like to improve your small school you will 
find many workable suggestions in this volume. 

With Our Schools 

McPherson College 

The friends of Bro. H. F. Richards, pastor of the McPher- 
son church, will be interested to learn that he was last week 
elected President of the Kansas Council of Churches. This 
is a state wide organization of Protestant churches that held 
its annual convocation at Topeka last week. 

On Sunday afternoon, Feb. 5, McPherson College will 
broadcast over KFBI at Abilene, Kans., from 2 to 3 P. M. 
The program will consist chiefly of music by a male quar- 
tette and an a cappella choir under the direction of Prof. A. 
C. Voran. There will also be a short talk by Bro. R. E. 

McPherson College will hold its annual Regional Confer- 
ence at the college from Feb. 19-24. In addition to local 
talent there will be a fine group of instructors coming in to 
help with this conference, consisting of President Otho 
Winger, Editor Edward Frantz, Secretary Ruth Shriver and 
Pastors W. H. Yoder and Ernest Davis. We of the college 
are hoping that many of our pastors will be able to come 
for these inspirational meetings. Many of this section may 
find the Annual Conference too far for this year, but with 
our automobiles a group can get together and make the trip 
to McPherson very cheaply. Expenses here will be very 
low — rooms free and board at a very low price. 


His First Miracle 

John 2: 1-11 

For Week Beginning February 12 
The Mother of Jesus Was There and Jesus Also, vs. 1, 2 

I'm glad Jesus attended weddings and lent his hand to 
help in an embarrassing moment. It seems to bring him 
closer to our life and need (Matt. 9: 10; Mark 14: 3; Luke 
7: 36; 10: 38; 14: 1; 19: 7; 24: 29). 

Woman, What Have I to Do With Thee? v. 4 

There was nothing cold nor offensive in this remark. He 
simply meant that his Father's voice within him made un- 
necessary the guidance of outward command (John 5 : 19, 
20; 10: 30, 38; 14: 10; 17: 11, 22). 

Whatsoever He Saith Unto Thee, Do It, v. 5 

Mary need not command Jesus. Let her bring others into 
obedience to what he commands (Matt. 4: 20; 7: 24; 9: 9; 
21: 6; 26: 19; Luke 5: 5; 6: 47; John 2: 7; 11: 29; 14: 21; 
21: 6). 

Fill the Water Pots With Water ... Draw Out Now, 
v. 7 

Jesus can give only to those who obey him. He com- 
mands only because he loves and would give (2 Kings 3 : 
16, 17; 4: 3, 4; 5: 10; Isa. 40: 3; Hos. 10: 12; Joel 2: 12, 13; 
John 9: 7; 11: 39; Rev. 7: 13, 14). 

Thou Hast Kept the Good Wine Until Now, v. 10 

Wherever men see the work of Jesus they see something 
above ordinary human accomplishment (Matt. 25: 21; 1 
Tim. 5: 17; John 17: 4). 


Are your seasons of pleasure such that Jesus might be a 
guest to share them? R. H. M. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


Holy Ground 

Article Supplied by Pastoral Association 

" The place whereon thou standest is holy ground " 
(Ex. 3: 5). Every minister needs to recognize the 
holiness of the place whereon he stands. In every par- 
ish there are wonderful people who are having great re- 
ligious experiences. A minister can find God, holy 
ground, by entering sympathetically and reverently, as a 
true shepherd of souls, into' these momentous experi- 
ences of his people. 

A young man walks up and down in a little hospital 
room, very nervous and worried. His young wife lies 
yonder — pale from facing God. The first born son — a 
bit of heaven — has come. That's holy ground ! And 
what an opportunity for the minister ! 

A certain minister said that one morning in the late 
summer he called on a fine, intelligent woman in his 
congregation and found her in tears. He inquired, gen- 
tly, the cause of her grief. She said : " My youngest 
crawled down out of my lap and went away to school, 
this morning." That minister stood on holy ground ! 

One minister said, " If possible I spend an hour in 
prayer before marrying a couple." Certainly when a 
minister stands between God and the threshold of a new 
home he stands on holy ground ! For when the hus- 
band is Christlike, and the wife true and considerate, 
then home is heaven and we have a little heaven to go to 
heaven in. 

To stand by the bedside of a little child, sick with a 
burning fever, or by some aged saint who has been calm 
and trustful through great pain, is to stand on holy 
ground. I know of a great saint who was bed-fast for 
twenty years, and those who waited upon her said she 
never complained. When visitors from the church went 
to her home she would request them to sing. When 
asked what song, she would say : " Count your many 
blessings." That was holy ground. For here was a 
victorious faith. 

Suppose that after a sermon a business man comes 
forward and grasps the hand of his pastor. Let us sup- 
pose he confesses : " I came here discouraged tonight. 
A competitor of mine across the street is about to drive 
me out of business. I know a trick that would turn the 
tide ; and before I came tonight I had a mind to do it. 
But," and his grip tightens, " after listening to you to- 
night I have changed my mind. / will not do it! I can 
starve !" That's holy ground ! 

If I can stop one heart from breaking, 
I shall not live in vain; 
If I can ease one life the aching, 
Or cool one pain, 

Or help one fainting robin 
Unto his nest again, 
I shall not live in vain. 

In the doing of such things one stands on holy 
ground. What a glorious calling is this work of a pas- 
tor ! He walks " in his steps," going about doing good, 
and that is to walk on holy ground ! 

Johnson City, Tenn. 

One Local Cabinet at Work 


It was my good fortune to sit in at the meeting of a local 
cabinet of Men's Work. I believe that it will be of interest 
and worth to you to know just how their meeting was con- 
ducted. It was typical of what I believe a good cabinet 
meeting should be. 

This cabinet was composed of the pastor, president and 
secretary of the local council, and chairmen of service 
groups. The meeting was called to order by the president. 
Following brief devotions, he proceeded to call for reports 
from each chairman. What he wanted to find out was just 
what each group had been doing since the last cabinet meet- 
ing, which in this case had been about a month. 

The first chairman called upon was that of the social 
service committee. He reported the following activities : 
First, a report of an unemployment survey among the mem- 
bers of the church. His committee was in contact with em- 
ployers of the city, urging them to consider these men as 
they were in need of additional help. He next reported an 
irregularity in regard to the enforcing of the prohibition 
law and an unfortunate attitude taken by the local paper 
with respect to it. A committee was at once appointed to 
go to both the police department and to the editor of the 
paper protesting in the name of the men of the church. 

The second report was given by the chairman of the so- 
cial committee. He reported all plans ready for a general 
get-together to be held at the church the following week. 
All persons of the community were to be invited, and much 
of the program was to be furnished by those not connected 
with the church. A second project was that of a welcoming 
committee whose duty it was to see that no strangers got 
away from church without being made to feel at home. 

The chairman of the boys' work committee reported the 
largest attendance at his group of " Pioneers " the week be- 
fore that he had ever had. He also reported great interest 
in the work, and a carefully planned and supervised play 
program for the younger boys. 

The fourth committee reporting was on Bible study. The 
chairman reported a live, wide-awake Bible class with a real 
man for the teacher. 

The chairman of the building and grounds committee was 
not present. No one knew why, but the president promised 
to find out. His report was given by the pastor, who re- 
ported that his committee had charge of the bulletin board, 
and that plans were under way for taking care of some 
needed improvement about the building. 

The pastor was then called upon and he proposed that 
another committee be appointed, this one to be known as a 
visiting committee whose business it would be to supervise 
and direct a systematic campaign to visit into all of the 
homes of the community, especially those who are non- 

I came away from that meeting refreshed, and as I 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


walked away I could not help but ask myself the question — 
What is the limit of what a group of men may do for the 
church and the kingdom if they will but set their heart and 
hand to the task? 
McPherson, Kans. 


My Prayer 


Lord Jesus, hear my humble prayer 
And give me grace from thee; 
Help me to always be most fair 
Whatever it may be. 

Help me to scorn the wrong of life, 
Uphold the good and true; 
Help me to lessen human strife 
And lead the suffering unto you. 

Help me to always have the faith 
To say a firm and lasting "No," 
And not with evil cast my fate 
As onward through this life I go. 

Help me to be a friend of all, 
And true to all I pray; 
Help me, that I may never fall 
Beyond the straight and narrow way. 

Oh teach me, Jesus, as I go 
And others' fate I see. 
Guide me by thy hand 
So I may live my life for thee. 

Help me to always be content 
Whate'er my lot shall be, 
And always may I have the strength 
To pattern after thee. 

So, guide me now, dear Savior, 
And help me to the end ; 
Nor let my courage waver, 
And bless me now — Amen. 
Connellsville, Pa. 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime 


Chapter 6 

" Fo' de Ian' sakes ob libin','' ejaculated Hagar as she 
emerged from the end of the long hall to ring the gong 
for dinner. " Is I seein' spirits or is I not?" She eyed 
Alice Weston in amazement. 

" Oh, Aunt Hagar. It isn't that bad, is it?" queried 
Alice merrily. " I guess I do look rather queer after 
what's happened, I mos' feel like a spirit. Is Marilyn 
here yet?" 

Aunt Hagar snorted wrathfully. " No she ain't heah 
and as fah as I know she ain't comin' heah. She's gwine 
oft married widout a feathah bed," she exclaimed, giv- 
her head a mournful shake. " No tellin' what'll come 

from a weddin' like dat. The idea of Colonel Brandt's 
granddaughtah presidin' over an upperment house." 

Alice turned at the sound of a step on the stair. At 
sight of her master, Hagar hastily retreated toward the 

" Father ! You here ?" cried Alice. " I didn't expect 
to find you." 

Mr. Weston winced at her words and wondered if 
she were disappointed at his presence or merely indif- 
ferent. " Daughter, I'm beginning to think this family 
takes special delight in pulling off the unexpected," he 
exclaimed, drawing her toward him for an awkward 
caress. " Come, Hagar has dinner ready. We'll eat 
and then you can tell me all about yourself." 

" Right-o. I'm hungry as can be. Tell Hagar I'll be 
down in two minutes," Alice called over the bannister. 

Bruce Weston sighed aloud. What dreadful prob- 
lem yonder young lady represented he could only im- 
agine. Surely not marriage. No, Alice was the baby 
of the family, the last one left in the home nest. A 
dozen other possibilities thrust themselves upon his un- 
easy mind. " If only Jinny were here," he breathed al- 
most mechanically voicing the desire that surged con- 
stantly in his heart. In spite of the nervous tension the 
father experienced at each lull in the conversation, the 
meal was a most pleasant one. 

At last when they were comfortably seated in the den 
upstairs, Alice flourished a yellow paper. " Father, I 
may as well tell you first as last. This is what brought 
me home. Marilyn's telegram !" 

" Yes," he gulped trying to appear indifferent. He 
read the brief message and handed it back without re- 

" Marilyn has jumped overboard and I'm going too," 
announced Alice firmly. " Tomorrow night at this 
time I will be on my way to New York." 

"New York?" Mr. Weston managed to question 
weakly. Indeed, it wasn't quite as serious as he had 
feared. The girl had not suggested an aeroplane flight 
to the South Pole or an elephant hunt in the jungles of 

" Yes, I'm going to try for grand opera. The music 
instructors at the college insist that my voice has won- 
derful possibilities. I did promise Mumsy I'd stick 
through this college year yet, but after Marilyn left, I 
changed my mind. After all, grand opera, in my mind, 
is just as important as getting married. If I can only 
get in, it will really pay in the end. Oh, father, I've 
dreamed and dreamed for years of a career on the stage 
and now the bare thought of having a chance to try is 
too wonderful to be true." 

" What kind of a father are you to sit idly by and al- 
low this foolish prattle?" a voice within him queried 
sternly. He shook himself from his lethargy. 

(Continued on Page 22) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

Annual Meeting of Home Missions Councils 

(Continued From Page 12) 

of communities by the staggering burden of church 
debt. While it is obvious that the many instances of 
" putting over " illegitimate financial burdens on unsus- 
pecting churches can not be undone, it is also clear that 
the best statesmanship of the church must be utilized to 
save from disaster such enterprises as really have a 
rightful place in the community. Hereafter, it was 
urged, more conservative and businesslike policies 
should dominate such campaigns. It was contended, 
for example, that anywhere from two-thirds to three- 
fourths, or more, of the necessary cash for the ground, 
building and equipment, should be actually in hand be- 
fore ground is broken for a new edifice. 

As the thought of this memorable gathering was 
summarized, the conviction seemed to be general that 
something unprecedented has happened in America, 
and that there is a special application of the situation to 
home missions. In the first place, the old frontiers are 
now largely gone, and the real frontiers are now the 
growing metropolitan centers, with their rapidly multi- 
plying suburban satellites. Evidently, the day of 
" squatter-sovereignty " is past, as far as the founding 
of churches is concerned, and the time has come for a 
statesmanship that recognizes the real needs of popula- 
tions as well as the interests of constituencies. Hence- 
forth fewer missions will be established, and more at- 
tention will be given to a proper correlation of the work 
now going on so as to avoid both overlapping and 
" overlooking." Furthermore, the various social trends 
indicate that the apologetic of the church must repre- 
sent, in some respects, a different emphasis from that 
which prevailed in the last century. 

Notwithstanding all of these changes and their impli- 
cations, the impression seemed general in this gather- 
ing, that the best years of home missions are not in the 
past, but in the future. In harmony with such a hope 
the various agencies are girding themselves for the new 
task in the new day. Serious attention is being given 
to the possibility of a home missions exhibit at the Chi- 
cago Exposition as a strategic project of promotion. 
While it is conceded that morals have retreated some- 
what in American life, yet it is contended that it is not 
Christianity that has failed but a " souvenir " caricature 
thereof. This generation will still hear a message in 
terms of its thought life, but it must really be from 
God. If home missions or church work in general is to 
retain its soul there must be a constant emphasis on the 
basic facts of Christianity as recorded in the New Tes- 
tament. The call of the hour is not for more defini- 
tions or organizations, but for more power. First things 
must be put first. The night of the world is the day of 
the church. 

Lewistown, Pa. 



La Verne church, under the leadership of Pastor Galen K. Walker, 
has entered into a daily Bible reading and prayer campaign for this 
year, feeling that more Bible study and prayer is needed to enable 
Christians to meet the entangling problems of the day. The annual 
Bible Institute of La Verne College will convene Jan. 31 to Feb. S, 
with day time classes in the college auditorium; evening services in- 
cluding a sermon will be held in the church auditorium. A" week-end 
Bible institute by the district Christian Endeavor people will be held 
in the near future. The choir is already working hard on Easter mu- 
sic directed by Prof. B. S. Haugh with Prof. Ralph Travis assisting 
at the console of the organ. The woman's Bible class honored Sister 
D. L. Forney and her daughter, Ruth Forney Brooks, at their annual 
birthday program recently. Each was presented with a purse and 
Sister Forney with other gifts as it was her birthday. The Aid So- 
ciety celebrated the 80th birthday of Sister Flora E. Teague Thurs- 
day with an informal program. — Grace Hileman Miller, La Verne, 
Calif., Jan. 13. 

Reedley church met in council Dec. 12. Church officers and com- 
mittees were chosen for the year. A music committee has been chosen 
to arrange special music each Sunday. Bro. J. O. Strain, a teacher in 
high school, is actively engaged assisting in the work of the church; 
his practical messages from the pulpit are much appreciated. The 
report of the Ladies' Aid indicates activities in which much good is 
being done. Dec. 24 the unemployed were guests of the church at a 
Christmas dinner. Bro. Leo Miller from Fresno gave a fitting address 
which was much appreciated. Christmas carols were sung and bas- 
kets were distributed to needy families. Dec. 18 we were instructively 
entertained by the deputation team from La Verne College. Mrs. 
Blanche Clark has been chosen Messenger correspondent. — Mrs. M. N. 
Wine, Reedley, Calif., Jan. 14. 

Sam Bernardino church observed its semiannual love feast Dec. 7 
with H. M. Brubaker of Glendora officiating. There were fifty-four 
communicants. One young woman was baptized the Sunday previous. 
At the December council our elder, Harrison Frantz, presided. The 
main business had to do with financing our church program, particu- 
larly the new addition to our building. Universal Bible Sunday was 
observed Dec. 4 with a special service. The Thursday night before 
Christmas about eighty, young and old, were present for an evening of 
fun and treats at our Sunday-school Christmas party, held in the new 
annex. Christmas morning a combined white gift service and mission- 
ary program was given. Besides gifts of food the sum of $26 was re- 
ceived in the dime envelopes. Christmas night the young people pre- 
sented the peace play, "They Just Won't Talk," followed by a peace 
sermon by our pastor. Jan. 1 the C. E. group had as a guest speaker 
Mr. Fred Barney of our city, former county C. E. president. He gave 
a most helpful consecration talk. We plan to observe the first Sunday 
of each month with a consecration program, and the third as a mis- 
sionary meeting, in the young people's C. E. department. On Jan. 8 
four letters were received, three from Reedley and one from San Diego. 
We were most appreciative for the visit on the same day of the D. L. 
Forney and Harlan Brooks families from La Verne. Mrs. Brooks 
talked to the Sunday-school children and Bro. Brooks gave to about 
eighty listeners an inspiring message on Christ. In the evening he pre- 
sented his stereopticon pictures. The Aid Society is busy and has given 
out little bags to be collected Feb. 1, the money to. go for the Women's 
Work missionary project. We are looking forward to effecting in the 
near future a mothers and daughters' organization with the help of 
Mrs. Harrison Frantz of La Verne. A leadership training course di- 
rected by our pastor is being started. About twelve of our number 
attended the community school of Religious Education held at the 
Junior College during the fall, two receiving credit with the Inter- 
national Council. — Hazel Rothrock, San Bernardino, Calif., Jan. 8. 


Sebring. — Our revival closed on the evening of Dec. 25. Bro. Schlos- 
ser preached twenty- seven sermons, full of instruction and warning 
and we feel that the Sebring church has been greatly strengthened and 
unified by his work among us. On the following Sunday two were 
baptized. Following the Sunday-school hour on Jan. 1, a short, im- 
pressive consecration service was held for the Cradle Roll babies. Each 
Sunday we find new faces in our congregation. Bro. E. A. Snader of 
Westminster, Md., is the most recent addition to our ministerial list. 
Our prayer meeting is increasing in interest and spiritual enthusiasm. — 
Anna Stutsman, Sebring, Fla., Jan. 12. 


Astoria. — At the regular business meeting Jan. 10, seven letters ot 
membership were received. A church budget was presented by the 
financial board and was accepted, the amount to be raised by pledges 
and the every member canvass plan. Bro. C. A. <jruber was ap- 
pointed church foreman. Jan. 8 Bro. G. O. Stutsman of Cerro Gordo, 
111., and H. Spenser Minnich of Elgin, 111., were with us. The former 
preached on the subject, The Four Philosophies of Life, which was 
much appreciated. In the afternoon and evening a finance meeting 
was conducted by Bro. Minnich assisted by Bro. Stutsman. Quite a 
number were present and an interesting meeting was enjoyed. — Mis. 
Rosella Sullivan, Astoria, 111., Jan. 13. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


Bethel church met in council Jan. 4. Various reports were given and 
accepted. Church officers were chosen: Mina Burson as Messenger 
agent, and Minnie Buhrnsen, correspondent. The church program was 
presented and accepted. The children's Christmas program was given 
in the morning and the young people gave a play in the evening to a 
large audience.— Martha Eichelberger, Naperville, 111., Jan. 10. 

Girard church met in council Jan. 11. A satisfactory report was 
given by the treasurer. We are planning for a communion service near 
Easter time, the official board to set the date and make arrangements. 
Dec. 23 the Homemakers' class very ably presented the pageant, The 
Empty Room. On Christmas morning the primary department ren- 
dered a program which was much appreciated. During the winter our 
prayer meetings are being held in the homes and we are enjoying very 
much our studies of the Life of Christ under the leadership of our 
pastor. A number of our members attended an all-day group meet- 
ing of the Virden and Girard churches at Virden, Jan. 9. Bro. H. 
Spenser Minnich of Elgin, 111., led the group in an informal discus- 
sion of church finances. We feel that this meeting will be a factor in 
the promotion of both our local church and the general work.— Mrs. 
H. V. Stutsman, Girard, 111., Jan. 15. 

Lanark.— Our Sunday-school and preaching services have been both 
interesting and well attended the past year. The average Sunday- 
school attendance for this year is 216. Bro. R. M. Livengood is our 
adult superintendent. D. W. Kurtz and family were with us at our 
Thanksgiving service which was observed in the usual way with din- 
ner and an all-day meeting. Our offering was for home missions. At 
the December business meeting church officers were elected for the 
year. We had church night Jan. 5 when we met to give our pledges 
to the 1933 budget. A miscellaneous Christmas program was rendered 
Sunday evening, Dec. 18. Our offering for world-wide missions was 
lifted on Christmas Day when our pastor, Bro. I. D. Leatherman, 
preached an appropriate sermon. At the close of this service four 
young lives were consecrated to the Master and received into the 
church by baptism; another was received on former baptism. Our 
young people are greatly interested in the Y. P. D. organization. A 
leadership training class led by one of our high school teachers is 
being conducted in our church and attended by twelve of our young 
people. We have a splendid young people's chorus and orchestra 
which give us helpful musical selections at different times. Our Ladies' 
Aid meets once a week. An interesting report of their work was 
given at our December business meeting. The women's missionary 
society meets each month. An interesting and helpful program is 
given at each of these meetings. Mrs. Leatherman is president for 
the coming year. Our pastor is giving us a high type of spiritual 
sermon in keeping with the times. — Mrs. Clyde Broadwater, Lanark, 
111., Jan. 11. 

Milledgeville church met in council Jan. 2. Our pastor, J. H. Mathis, 
was reelected as elder. Church officers and committees were chosen 
until Sept. 1 when we will begin our new church year. The junior 
young people were elected to serve as Messenger agent. They have 
successfully done this work for three years. Dec. 18 the young people 
gave the play, The Search for the Christ Child. The children gave 
their Christmas program Sunday morning, Dec. 25. We have been 
having union services with the three other churches of the village on 
Sunday evenings during the winter. The four pastors take turns in 
delivering the sermons. The attendance has been very good. Our 
Ladies' Aid had an all-day meeting Jan. 5. The officers were reelected 
for the coming year. The day was spent in quilting. — Mrs. Abe Reiff, 
Milledgeville. 111.. Jan. 9. 

Panther Creek. — Since our last letter we have added another organ- 
ized class in Sunday-school, known as the Home Builders. The class 
numbers twenty-four. They have their class meeting once a month at 
one of the homes. At these meetings plans are made for some definite 
work of the church. The pastor is their teacher. The young people 
of the church also have organized and are known as the Ever Ready 
class. They are very active in work for the church. Amos Yordy is 
their teacher. The church attendance is keeping up very well for 
the winter months. A harmonious spirit prevails among this fine 
group of workers and this means success in every line of work. — Mrs. 
J. E. Small, Roanoke, 111., Jan. 10. 

Springfield.— One young lady was baptized during the fall. Three 
are awaiting the rite, being engaged in a class of discipleship under 
the leadership of the pastor. The self-denial envelopes were used for 
the Christmas offering. We feel that much good has come to those 
who participated in this sacrificial way for the work of the Lord. The 
children gave an excellent program during Christmas-tide. An effort 
was made by those in charge to have only songs, recitations, and 
dialogues that gave thought to the Christ. The young people pre- 
sented The Other Wise Man in drama, reading, and music. The Ladies' 
Aid has been active in their endeavors for the church. Plans for serv- 
ices during Passion Week are under way. Sacrificial efforts on the 
part of some of the members have been highly encouraging, and those 
interested in the work are highly desirous that the church shall be a 
place of spiritual fellowship, and where the word of God shall be sowed. 
— R. M. Brady, Springfield, 111., Jan. 9. 


Cedar Lake church met in council Jan. 1. Election of officers re- 
sulted as follows: Sister Carrie Rufner, church clerk; the writer, re- 
elected church correspondent and Messenger agent. Bro. Morris 
preaches for us about once a month but we desire to have services 
oftener if we can so arrange. Our attendance for the year has been 

reasonably good but the new year has begun with a larger attend- 
ance for which we are thankful. Our Aid Society did good work 
the last year, sewing for the orphanage and aiding the poor; we also 
did some quilting. Sister Ethel Sherman is our new president. — Mrs. 
Inez Kern, Garrett, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Elkhart City church put on a fine program on Christmas day. The 
superintendent, Bro. Gordon Lantz, was presented with a Bible by the 
school in token of appreciation of his faithful services. For one week 
the pastor gave a series of inspiring talks over station WTRC. The 
young people assisted by furnishing the music for each morning de- 
votion. — Mrs. Fred Berkey, Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Dec. 30. The Sisters' Aid re- 
port was given showing an average attendance of twelve at the 
weekly meeting. Much charity work and church support has been 
given by this organization. Sister Susie Brumbaugh, superintendent 
of the junior Sunday-school, reported good attendance and an enthusi- 
astic group. A discussion was held on the subject of a constructive 
church program for the coming year. The individuals of the church 
and Sunday-school made large contributions in Christmas baskets and 
other supplies for the needy. A Christmas program was rendered by 
the children of the Sunday-school. Attendance is excellent considering 
present conditions. — Mary Kreider, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Ladoga. — As we enter into the work of the new year we feel greatly 
encouraged. Our attendance today exceeded our enrollment. On 
Christmas Day a splendid program was given by the children and 
young people. Jan. 5 the church met in council. John A. Harshbarger 
was chosen clerk for three years; he is also our Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Roland Goshorn, assistant. C. C. Harshbarger will serve the 
church as chairman of the ministerial board and as correspondent for 
our local paper. Ruth Conner is Aid Society president; Lucile Ma- 
horney, Messenger agent. — Mrs. Martha L. Himes, Ladoga, Ind., 
Jan. 9. 

Manchester. — Nov. 9 to 13 the church enjoyed a series of sermons by 
Bro. D. W. Kurtz of Chicago. The communion was observed Nov. 14. 
An impressive service was held on Thanksgiving Day; a missionary 
play was given by a group of children representing many foreign 
lands. It was followed by a short sermon by our pastor. Our Thanks- 
giving offering, $190.30, and the white gift offering on Christmas morn- 
ing, $550,. were given to world-wide missions. The pageant, Christ- 
mas at the Bethlehem Gate, directed by Mrs. B. F. Wampler, was very 
much appreciated by the community. By request it was given again 
on Monday evening to accommodate many who could not be present 
Sunday evening. Our Y. P. D. is just now starting a series of pro- 
grams of religious opera. Also our Christian Workers have been 
having some very worth-while programs. — Mrs. G. E. Wright, North 
Manchester, Ind., Jan. 12. 

Monticello. — We had a two weeks' revival meeting at the Guernsey 
house Dec. 4-18. Bro. B. F. Petry of Burnettsville, Ind., was the 
evangelist, assisted by our pastor, Bro. A. R. Showalter. Bro. Law- 
rence McCray led the song services and the young people responded 
wonderfully. The meetings were inspiring and spiritual and as a re- 
sult sixteen were baptized on New Year's Day. The young people 
gave a Christmas entertainment Dec. 23 at the Pike Creek house and 
at the Guernsey house Dec. 24. The building committee with other 
help has put ' a new floor in the Pike Creek house. Our quarterly 
council meeting was held at the Pike Creek house Jan. 9.— Mrs. J. F. 
Kennelberger, Monticello, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Muncie church met in council in December. The officers for the 
year were chosen, a number being retained. Bro. Mark Rarick was 
retained as Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Russell Showalter, 
elder. Our pastor and wife, Brother and Sister Reuben Boomershine, 
were also retained. Attendance at worship services is fine; our Sunday- 
school is increasing at each service; every department is working full 
capacity. Two have been received by baptism since Jan. 1. The Aid 
Society has been divided into two divisions; each leader and members 
are very enthusiastic. The Junior League under the leadership of 
Mrs. Ruth Bowers is doing splendid work; their project points toward 
the work in India.— Mrs. Pearl Tomlinson, Muncie, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Nappanee church held their council meeting in December. Several 
members were elected on various boards. We appreciated very much 
having Sister Anetta Mow with us several days; she gave talks at the 
church services and to the young people's groups. We regret to say 
that it was necessary for our pastor's wife, Mrs. Florence S. Stuile- 
baker, to submit to an operation today. She is in the hospital and 
needs your prayers for her speedy recovery. We are having the week 
of prayer services among our churches. We have had a number of 
special Sunday evening programs by local talent.— Mrs. Curtis Geyer, 
Nappanee, Ind., Jan. 6. 

North Liberty.— About Sept. 1 our pastor, Bro. Russel Weller, moved 
to North Webster, Ind., but came back to us each week-end for a 
time. Since then Bro. Cecil Morningstar of South Bend has been re- 
sponsible for our preaching services. The attendance has been good 
until the last month when there was much sickness among our mem- 
bers. Dec. 12 at the quarterly council we elected church officers for 
the year. Bro. Chas. C. Cripe of Bremen continues as elder. Re- 
ports for the year were given. Our membership has increased 11 per 
cent and our financial standing is improved which is encouraging. Our 
Sunday-school had prepared a Christmas program which could not be 
given on account of sickness among the members.— Una C. Steele, 
Walkerton, Ind., Jan. 6. 

(Continued on Page 24) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

Not for a Day, 

But for a Lifetime 

(Continued From Page 19) 

" Alice, you foolish little girl. What can you pos- 
sibly know of the life of a great city like New York? 
Getting on the stage is a matter requiring years and 
years of constant study and practice with endless hours 
of hard work. And in the end, suppose you succeeded 
in attaining some measure of popularity, what would it 
amount to ? Do you honestly think you could give your 
time and strength and talent to that which brings no up- 
lift to the soul?" 

" Why, father, people spend hundreds of dollars for 
entertainment and grand opera is considered one of the 
highest forms of culture in the field of music. Surely 
you would not deny me a place there. Think of 
Madame Schumann-Heink — what a blessing she has 
been to the world," argued Alice. 

" Yes, you're right, little girl, but she traveled a long, 
hard road before she reached that goal," replied Mr. 
Weston watching the tiny pout which gradually formed 
on Alice's full red lips. " No, daughter, I can not give 
my consent to a project like that at least until your col- 
lege is completed." 

" Father !" Alice rose and faced him with widening 
eyes. " What do you mean ? I — I didn't know I had to 
ask your consent. Mumsy's away and the arrangements 
are all made. I have even written Uncle Will to meet 
me at the train." 

" And what about means ?" queried Mr. Weston curi- 

The face of the girl brightened. " Oh, that's all 
fixed. Mumsy said once when I get ready to go, I can 
have the old bedroom suite in the attic that Grandmoth- 
er Brandt gave me. Antiques bring good money. A 
man from Mt. Vernon will be after it in the morning. 

" And why didn't you borrow of me ?" 

" Why, father," Alice floundered helplessly, " I 
didn't know you cared." She shrank beneath the burn- 
ing gaze fixed upon her. 

Bruce Weston sprang to his feet and paced the floor. 
Angry resentment burned deep in his soul. He sup- 
pressed a great desire to cry out in despair, for well he 
knew the blame lay rightfully at his own door. When 
he spoke again his tone was most casual. " So Mumsy 
knew all about this before she left, eh?" 

Alice laughed softly. " As if anyone could live with 
Mumsy and not tell her everything. It isn't done, that's 
all. Yes, she knew about my dreams but of course she 
didn't think of their coming true so soon." 

" Daughter, it's hard to think of you alone in a big 
city like New York. You have no idea how dangerous 
it is for a young girl. There are many traps set for in- 
nocent feet. 

" I know it, father, I know." Alice shivered invol- 
untarily. " But I'm not staying at a hotel. Uncle Wills 

have invited me to make my home with them. I'll be 
as safe as a babe in Aunt Patricia's care," she declared, 
seating herself timidly on the arm of his chair. " Fa- 
ther, you will recall what you said about giving your 
consent, won't you?" 

" No, you shall go, daughter, without my consent." 
Mr. Weston answered slowly. " I have no doubt but 
that experience is waiting before yonder bright lights to 
teach you what you so much desire to know. Life de- 
mands a fabulous price as tuition in her school. If one 
can pay and stand the strain of failure and success, of 
loss and gain, of disappointment and joys,, well and 
good. One is then ready for bigger, better things. 
Come, now, it is time to retire." 

" Oh, father !" The face of the girl glowed with a 
radiance that was almost ethereal. Tears glistened on 
the heavy dark lashes. " I had no idea you felt so about 
things. Never fear, I'm going to stand the test. I'm 
determined to prove my metal. To make my dream 
come true I'll bear anything. It means just that much 
to me !" 

The next morning Alice bounded gaily up the steep 
attic stairs and flooded the room with light. With eager 
hands she dragged the old bedroom suite from its place 
in the corner. " Oh, you dear, precious old things. To 
think that you are to have a part in opening the door of 
glorious fame for me !" Alice wiped the dust from the 
smooth polished surface. 

" Is dat you up dar, Miss Alice?" queried Hagar in 
a frightened voice. " Law how you skeert me. Seems 
lak dis ol' house is gittin' so big and lonely every day 
that I'se growin' more nervous all de time." 

Alice appeared at the head of the stairs. " Hagar, 
have you a dust cloth down there and some polish ?" 

" Sho' I'se got it right in mah han'. What fo' yuh 
want dustin' de ole attic?" Hagar questioned instantly 
suspicious of mischief. She climbed the stairs with 
slow labored step and scanned the cleaning process in 

Alice reddened under the old lady's gaze and knew 
instinctively that no explanation would suffice to dispel 
Hagar's wrath when she learned the truth. " Aunt 
Hagar, would you believe it if I'd tell you that this old 
suite is going to open the door to grand opera for me ?" 

" No, indeedy. I'd believe nothing of de kind. I'se 
been led to b'lieve too many things lately. I'se froo wif 
such foolishness for' good an' all." 

" But that's exactly what it's going to do," declared 
Alice laughingly. " A man who buys antiques is coming 
for the suite this morning." 

" You mean you'se gwine sell yoh grandmothah's 
beaufy bedroom set ?" Hagar groaned and covered her 
face with her hands. " Why, chile, yoh mothah was 
bo'hn in dat bed and it's a precious trust. Yoh da'sn't 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


sell it fo' nothin' grand. Ah me, what is dis wo'ld corn- 
in' to?" 

" Oh Hagar, not even so I can sing in grand opera?" 
queried Alice in an effort to console the old lady. 

Aunt Hagar straightened. " No suh, I see nufin' 
gran' 'bout dat, and it'll sho' be a sadful day when you- 
all sells dat treasuah out'n dis house." 

Nappanee, Ind. 

(To Be Continued) 

Nook for Women's Work 
Who Is Our Lady Fourth Daughter of China? 

She is your fourth sister in the world. You should 
know more about her. The book, Lady Fourth Daugh- 
ter of China, will tell you more about her. Many of our 
missionary societies have used the book this year. It is 
a picture of the life of your fourth sister, the Chinese 
lady. The book may be used as a basis of a study or 
programs may be built around it which with plays and 
special music on China would make a very good pro- 
gram. Outlines have been prepared for use with the 
book. They are filled with suggestive helps, procedures 
and gems of thought. One copy of the outline may be 
secured free of charge. Ten cents for each additional 
copy. Order your book and outline now, from the Na- 
tional Council of Women's Work, Elgin, 111. Price 50c. 

Special Notice 

The Gospel Messenger for Feb. 25 will be special 
for our women. The emphasis will be on our mothers 
and daughters' work, with other special features. We 
want this number to be full of practical suggestions for 
our women workers over the brotherhood. We are 
running extra copies of this issue. You may order 
copies for those in your church who are interested and 
who are not taking the Messenger at the present time, 
also for those who are non-resident members. These 
extra copies will be free of charge. Please place your 
order early with the National Council of Women's 
Work. Elgin, 111. 

Before February? 

Will your women's group send their project gifts in 
before Feb. 28? All gifts for the 1932 quota must be in 
the Elgin office by Feb. 28. All gifts received after that 
date will be applied on the 1933 quota. We have some 
distance to climb, but there is no telling what a group 
of 40,000 women can do if they have a mind to work. 

Linked With the Women of the World 

Have you ordered your world day of prayer ma- 
terial? On March 3, 1933, all women of the world will 
be praying for greater Christian unity, world peace, and 
for the spirit of Christ in our world relationships. Will 
the women of the Church of the Brethren join them? 

Send for your materials now. Order from the Nation- 
al Council of Women's Work, Elgin, 111. The pro- 
gram, Follow Thou Me, is 2c each. The Call to Prayer 
is free. The Posters (11 by 17 inches) are 5c each. 
" More things are wrought by prayer than this world 

■dreams of." 

Good News 
A district president of Women's Work writes : 
" I'm enclosing a check for ten dollars. I want to be 
one of the thousand giving additionally for Women's 
Work. I hope a thousand or more may respond." 

For Our Missionary Societies 

Lesson five was omitted in the January Nook, because of an over- 
sight. We are very sorry and hope that it did not hinder your reg- 
ular program. You now find outlines for chapters five and six of our 
mission study book, "Lady Fourth Daughter of China." 

Chapter 5: " Training the Sharers " 


Hymn : " O Worship the King." 

Scripture: John 3: 25-36. 

Leader : " I did not think, I did not strive, 

The deep peace burnt by me alive ; 
The bolted door had broken in, 
I knew that I had done with sin. 
I knew that Christ had given me birth 
To brother all the souls on earth, 
And every bird and every beast 
Should share the crumbs broke at the feast." 
Solo : " Come, Holy Spirit, Heavenly Dove." 
Prayer : Give thanks for the missionaries, who in the past 
have directed the education of girls. Pray for the Chinese 
teachers who are directing the youth of today. Give thanks 
for the many Chinese women who are willing to be sharers 
of the abundant life. 

Hymn : " Where Cross the Crowded Ways of Life." 
Chapter Outline 

This chapter may be given by two women. The first 
should cover pages 159-178 and the second the rest of the 
First suggested outline : 

1. Story page, pages 159-161. 

2. How Christian teachers are prepared to share, pages 161- 

3. Nationalism and Christian schools, pages 167-169. 

4. Chinese students are sharing, pages 173-176. 

Second suggested outline : "How the Sharers are trained." 

1. Strengthen the middle schools, pages 178-181. 

2. Training the home makers, pages 181-185. 

3. Training the teachers, pages 185-187. 

4. Training the leaders, pages 191-195. 
Topics for discussion 

After reading this chapter do you think missionaries are 
needed as much today as formerly? 

In what ways do the results of mission schools now show? 

What is the attitude toward religious teaching in the pub- 
lic and private schools of the United States? 

The Play "The Broken Promise" may be given in connection with 
this chapter. (It is found in the complete outline.) 

"The one important thing to be stressed is the 
cultivation of friendship with Christ." 

"They are radiant sharers of the Overflow, can 
we be less than they?" 
(Continued on Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

News From Churches 

(Continued From Page 21) 

Pleasant Chapel church met in council Jan. 1. Few changes were 
made in the officers for the coming year. Our pastor, Bro. Bowman, 
is continued as elder in charge. Bro. J. H. Fike and Bro. Bowman 
have been giving us interesting and inspiring sermons the past year. 
The work of the church has been progressing nicely. — Irma Thomas, 
Kendallville, Ind., Jan. 12. 

Pleasant Hill. — Dec. 22 our church closed a twelve day revival serv- 
ice. Bro. J. Edson Ulery presented a splendid series of sermons and 
Bible lessons. He placed special emphasis on the intensity of the 
Christian worship and life, along with a wide knowledge of the Bible. 
He suggested that today we are sometimes making the mistake of 
calculating success on a basis of numbers alone. Two were added to 
the church in a baptismal service on New Year's Day. — Arlo Gump, 
Churubusco, Ind., Jan. 16. 

Union Center. — The work here is moving along nicely. The morn- 
ing attendance is wonderful. Our ministers, Brethren David Miller 
and John Frederick, bring us helpful messages each Sunday. Since 
we are studying Stewardship in our Christian Workers' Meeting there 
has been an improvement in the attendance. The B. Y. P. D. is mak- 
ing great progress. They have splendid attendance at every service 
and inspiring programs. We have decided to hold our revival meeting 
the last two weeks in November. — Lula Lewis Longanecker, Nappanee, 
Ind., Jan. 16. 

West Manchester church has had a noticeable growth in interest and 
attendance during the past year. One new class has been added to 
our Sunday-school and a missionary division added to the regular Aid 
Society. We have contributed several large donations of foodstuffs to 
various places where it was needed and assisted with clothing for 
the poor in our own community. At our December council Bro. A. M. 
Stine was reelected presiding elder for the coming year and Sister 
Edith Miller was selected as third member of our local ministerial 
board. In order to serve the threefold purpose of relieving our local 
ministers, enlisting the interest of a larger group of listeners and train- 
ing our Sunday-school pupils for active service, our ministerial board 
has placed the Sunday evening services for January and February in 
charge of Sunday-school classes, one for each evening. The classes 
are responding in a very creditable manner. On Dec. 18 we held 
our first consecration service for the babies on our Cradle Roll, in 
charge of Eld. A. M. Stine Five babies were presented by their par- 
ents for this service, which was quite impressive. — Mrs. Mae Book, 
North Manchester, Ind., Jan. 12. 


Cedar Rapids church had a Christmas program by the primary de- 
partment in the morning and one by the juniors in the evening. New 
Year's evening the young people gave an instructive pageant on facing 
1933. At a council meeting Jan. 8 we planned for pre-Easter meetings 
and a love feast. Arrangements were made for new song books for 
the near future. The financial situation among members is better than 
a year ago. Sickness has interfered with the regular attendance for 
several weeks. We are entering the new year with high hopes for 
an increase in church activities. — S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
Jan. 9. 

Council Bluffs. — The joint choirs of the Omaha and Council Bluffs 
churches gave an interesting song program at both churches at Christ- 
mas time. A Christmas program, in charge of four young girls, was 
given on the Tuesday preceding Christmas. The offering from this 
program was taken to pay for the candy treat given to everyone pres- 
ent on Christmas morning. The young people have their meetings on 
Wednesday nights from 6:30 to 7:30. At 7:30 is the mid-week meet- 
ing at the church. An Easter program is being planned. At the 
quarterly meeting on Jan. 11, it was decided to have pre-Easter week 
meetings every night except Monday. The Sunday-school is having 
an attendance contest with the Omaha church. Last quarter the 
Council Bluffs church won the beautiful painted plaque of "The Last 
Supper" that is trying to be won for the on-coming quarters by both 
churches. Dec. 28 five young people dedicated their lives to the serv- 
ice of our Master and Savior. — Fern Snethen, Council Bluffs, Iowa, 
Jan. 14. 

Des Moines City. — The missionary society and the Ladies' Aid have 
been cooperating in their work for the church. The missionary meet- 
ings are held on the third Thursday of each month at which time they 
have been studying the book "Lady Fourth Daughter of China." Mrs. 
Ray Emmert is president of the group. The Ladies' Aid meets every 
Thursday. They have been working on quilts and on the third Thurs- 
days of the month enjoy the missionary program as well. Mrs. Ira 
Erb is their president. A cantata-pageant "The Great Deliverer" was 
given on Christmas night. The children's program was given during 
the Church School hour on Christmas morning. During the Christ- 
mas season the church was decorated in a rather unusual way, the 
main feature being a large drawing across the front of the church. 
The picture was "The Arrival of the Shepherds," a reproduction of 
Lerolle, drawn by our pastor, S. L. Shenton. — Vera Funk, Des Moines, 
Iowa, Jan. 13. 

Dry Creek.— Since our last writing we have held a revival in our 
community which was conducted by the pastor. Although there were 
no accessions, we believe that we have all been helped spiritually in our 
experience together. Some are nearer the fold through that effort 
and no doubt will com- to the Savior in the near future. We held our 

council which was postponed to Dec. 27, on account of inclement 
weather. We decided to purchase a parsonage and a committee was 
appointed to investigate the possibilities. During this winter we have 
had two rabbit suppers and are planning an oyster supper to be held 
in the near future. The proceeds will be used on the church budget. 
The men are sponsoring the rabbit suppers and also the oyster sup- 
per. They are also planning to cut wood for the church in a near- 
by wood lot, the timber of which is given free for our use with no 
limit on the amount consumed. We thank the Lord and praise his 
name for putting into this man's heart the desire to serve him in that 
way. We will have a temperance program Jan. 15. — Mrs. D. C. Snider, 
Robins, Iowa, Jan. 9. 

Iowa River. — On Thanksgiving Day we had a very interesting pro- 
gram. A Christmas program was given by the children and young 
people. From our coin container envelopes we received $20 through 
the Sunday-school. This was an offering for world-wide missions. At 
our council meeting in December all church officers with the excep- 
tion of elder were chosen with Cecile Russell, clerk; Dora Wallen, Mes- 
senger agent; Beulah Russell, correspondent. Recently our Aid So- 
ciety held a contest for making money which netted over $78. The 
Men's Work organization is functioning fully. They have carried out 
many worth-while projects. Our elder has been giving a very in- 
spirational sermon every Sunday morning. We have varied and 
interesting programs on Sunday evenings, including talks from the 
chief of police, visiting nurse and doctors of our city. — Beulah Keedy 
Russell, Marshalltown, Iowa, Jan. 11. 

South Waterloo church observed rural life Sunday, Nov. 20, with 
appropriate music and a sermon by our pastor. Thanksgiving Day 
we met at the church for services and a basket dinner. Dec. 18 as a 
fitting preparation for the holiday season, the glee clubs of our pub- 
lic school rendered a program of Christmas songs and carols. The 
following Wednesday evening the Girl Reserves gladdened many hearts 
with their beautiful carols. Christmas night the pageant, Holy Night, 
was presented and an offering lifted for missions. Dec. 29 the annual 
fellowship supper of the Y. P. D. was held at the church with ninety 
present. A program was given consisting of music, readings and an 
address by Rev. Thomas R. Niven of the Presbyterian church. On 
New Year's Day one applicant was received into the church by bap- 
tism. Jan. 4 in our annual business meeting a full corps of officers 
was elected. Bro. W. H. Yoder was unanimously chosen elder for a 
term of three years, having also been elected pastor for the same 
period. — Mrs. W. O. Tannreuther, Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 16. 

Waterloo City. — At a workers' conference shortly after the election 
of new officers for the year, J. K. Miller from Cedar Rapids spoke on 
the activities of the church. O. W. Hamer, member of the board of 
religious education, spoke on what the teachers can do to make the 
Sunday-school a success. Our Thanksgiving festival was on Sunday 
with an all-day program. At the morning service the junior and adult 
choirs sang. Our pastor used for his theme, The Highest Type of 
Thanksgiving Is Thanksgiving. In the afternoon there was a social 
hour followed by an impromptu program on the theme, Why Be 
Thankful? The B. P. P. D. sponsored the evening service, the pro- 
gram depicting through ten tableaux various scenes from the history 
of the pilgrims. The subject on Christmas was, The Christ of 
Prophecy. The evening service was devoted to a program of panto- 
mimes, plays, readings, dialogues and songs, by the children. New 
officers for the coming year were elected at our annual business 
meeting Jan. 2. Jan. 6 the fortieth anniversary of Bro. Blough's en- 
trance into the ministry of the church was celebrated at a surprise 
party and reception in the parlors of the Y. W. C. A. Incidents in the 
life of Bro. Blough featured the program. His young manhood and 
his wedding were discussed by Dan Lichty, who served as best man for 
Bro. Blough. Jennie McKeller, one of the pupils the first year he 
taught in Iowa, spoke on Bro. Blough as a teacher; Mrs. Sam Har- 
baugh on The Call to Service; Chas. Meyers, Sunday-school super- 
intendent on Our Pastor; Dr. Thomas R. Niven brought greetings 
from the city ministerial association. A gift was presented Bro. 
Blough from the church and a bouquet from the ministerial associ- 
ation and bouquets were given Mrs. Blough and daughter. — Clara Mil- 
ler Lichty, Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 9. 


Kansas City (Central). — The church met in council in October to 
elect officers for "the year. Bro. Harrison Freeman was reelected Sun- 
day-school superintendent and Sister Velma Thompson supervisor of 
the primary department. We think our work is progressing very 
nicely under the leadership of our pastor, Bro. Hylton Harman, with 
the cooperation of the different departments and the help of so many 
willing members. We have church day school every Wednesday su- 
pervised by Sister Goldie Zook; young people's meeting each Sunday 
evening led by Bro. Frank Chaffin. We have started a weekly church 
bulletin. The Ladies' Aid under the leadership of Sister Sylvia Strole 
is doing some splendid work; besides other things they are serving 
supper each Thursday evening at the church to nice crowds. Since 
September we have had forty additions to the church; twenty-one by 
baptism; fourteen by letter and five associate members. Thirty-four 
of these came forward during our revival in November conducted by 
Bro. Earl M. Frantz who gave us some helpful, Spirit- filled sermons 
that were a blessing to all the members. — Mrs. Harrison Freeman, 
Turner, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Monitor. — We had our annual promotion and rally day on Sept. 29. 
Installation services for Sunday-school teachers and officers were held 
Oct. 1, the pastor giving an appropriate address. We had one week 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


of evangelistic services in November, with three confessions. At our 
business meeting Dec. 11 the church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected. Our pastor, Bro. Ora Garber, and wife are taking their va- 
cation, visiting relatives in Ohio and Indiana. During their two months' 
absence the pastoral committee plans a program for each Sunday morn- 
ing. Our Christmas pageant, O Worship the King, was given Dec. 18. 
Jan. 22 we expect to have a musical program by Prof. Voran's chorus. 
Our Christmas offering was $11.— Mrs. E. L. Crumpacker, McPherson, 
Kans., Jan. 15. 

Morrill church met in council to elect church officers for the new 
year. Bro. R. E. Eisenbise was chosen church clerk and Bro. E. 
Smith, Messenger agent. During the winter months the prayer serv- 
ice has been held in the homes both in town and country with varied 
and interesting programs. Our Thanksgiving service was a union 
meeting; Rev. Whittlesy of the M. E. church brought the message. 
An offering was lifted to be used by the welfare board of the town. 
There was a good attendance from our church at the District Meet- 
ing at Topeka which number included a group of young people who 
took an active part in the program. Our pastor held a series of 
meetings in Missouri the latter part of September during which time 
the pulpit was filled by Brethren J. C. Peck, A. Sawyer and Dr. 
Lowry of the Baptist church. Bro. Longenecker also exchanged pul- 
pits with Rev. Owens of the Christian church of Reserve, Kans. Earl 
Pence, an impersonator, gave us a program called, The Bend in the 
Trail. The pastor gave a reproduction in part of the conference song 
sermon. A cantata, The First Christmas, was presented to an appre- 
ciative audience on Dec. 25 by the young people. Last Sunday morn- 
ing the pastor began a series of sermons on the Seven Churches of 
Asia. A series on Changed Men and Changed Women on Sunday eve- 
nings is proving interesting and helpful. — Mrs. Clarence Bailey, Morrill, 
Kans., Jan. 11. 


Rcanoke church met Dec. 29 in council. We decided to change the 
beginning of our fiscal year to Oct. 1. The Sunday-school and church 
treasuries were combined with a financial committee of three and one 
treasurer to disburse all funds. Officers were elected for the coming 
year: Elder, J. F. Hoke; Sunday-school superintendent, Sister Helen 
Longanecker; Y. P. D. president, Bro. Robert Troutman. The Sunday- 
school pupils gave a short program Christmas morning followed by a 
sermon by Bro. O. H. Feiler of Perryton, Tex. The young people 
gave a program of songs and readings Sunday night. — Edith Longa- 
necker, Roanoke, La., Jan. 5. 

Rcsepine. — We were very thankful and glad to have with us for two 
weeks in December Bro. O. H. Feiler. He visited our public schools 
and a splendid interest was shown by the faculty and student body; 
they cooperated splendidly. His character talks will be of help to any 
church or school wherever given. His pictures are the very best and 
are certainly worth while. Bro. Feiler made many friends while here. 
We feel he is doing a wonderful work. We regretted very much to see 
our pastor, Bro. Wilbur I. Liskey, and family, leave us; he is taking 
up the pastorate at Live Oak, Calif. He and his wife have served us 
well for the past two years. — M. L. Woodhatch, Rosepine, La., Jan. 5. 


Buchanan. — Oct 29 and 30 Brother and Sister Eby, missionaries from 
India, gave us a helpful and instructive lesson on Stewardship. Nov. 6 
Bro. Price Umphlet who was our minister in 1919 was with us. He 
said at his first service there were only ten present; at this service 
114 were present, including seven of the ten. The difference in at- 
tendance shows that some good work is being done here. Nov. 9 and 
10 the young people gave an interesting program. A free-will offer- 
ing was taken which goes into the church remodeling fund. Nov. 27 
Rev. Harvey from South Bend Mission gave us a wonderful lesson. 
The Thanksgiving program by the Bible class was well rendered and 
was much enjoyed. Dec. 3 we met in council. Dec. 4 two members 
were received by baptism and Dec. 18 one member was received. Dec. 
25 four more were received into the fold by baptism. In the evening 
a wonderful program was given by the primary department. Our 
primary department is doing well under the leadership of Sister Nona 
Dellinger. Buchanan church did a wonderful work in 1932; forty were 
received by baptism while several renewed their covenant. We have 
a full program for 1933. — Grace Weaver, Buchanan, Mich., Jan. 7. 

Midland. — The Ladies' Aid of the church has been doing a great deal 
of work for the welfare association, making various garments. Jan. 12 
they met with Mrs. M. E. Perkins and elected officers. The president 
is Mrs. J. L. Van Meter.— Mrs. Ray Baker, Midland, Mich., Jan. 16. 


Nemadji. — A beautiful baptismal service was held recently when a 
young man from a neighboring community united with the local church. 
Bro. Lewis Hyde, pastor, conducted the service. Last Sunday eve- 
ning, Jan. 15, the local B. Y. P. D. decided to cooperate with other 
B. Y. P. D.'s in presenting a peace program some time in February. 
The writer was chosen to arrange for a program, to be assisted by 
several other young people.— Oliver C. Dilley, Barnum, Minn., Jan. 17. 


Peace Valley.— The church met in council Dec. 31. Church officers 
were elected for the coming year and Sunday-school officers for the 
next six months, with Bro. John Diedichter, superintendent. Bro. 
Lester Fike of Carthage has been with us a few days and gave us 
three very interesting sermons. He also talked to us one evening of 

the needs of our district. — Nettie Bosserman, West Plains, Mo., Jan. 16. 
Prairie View church met in council Dec. 3 for the election of offi- 
cers. Sister Sophia Eyman was chosen clerk and Bro. Stanley Eyman, 
Sunday-school superintendent.— Mary A. Vogt, Versailles, Mo., Jan. 11. 


Lake Ridge. — The Ladies' Aid met in the home of Mrs. Luther Sut- 
phin Jan. 4 when the losing side in the apron contest gave a banquet 
to the winners. We retained our president, Mrs. H. D. Jones, for an- 
other year. Our church met in council Dec. 28 for reorganization. Our 
pastor, H. D. Jones, was retained indefinitely. Miss Naomi E. Miller 
of Bridgewater, Va., urged an organization of B. Y. P. D. which the 
church agreed should be done. Our Sunday night services have been 
discontinued until spring. Our Christmas program, a cantata, was 
very nicely rendered Dec. 21. — Mrs. Avery E. Stoner, Aurora, X. Y., 
Jan. 15. 


Maple Grove. — Our Sunday-school is progressing with an increase in 
attendance and offerings. Jan. 15 Bro. E. C. Woodie of Winston-Salem, 
N. C, gave an extraordinary sermon on the subject, What Shall I Do 
to Be Saved? The congregation greatly appreciated the gospel mes- 
sage. Feb. 12 a missionary program will be given at 11 o'clock. The 
Sisters' Aid Society meets regularly and is doing excellent work in 
our community.— Ida Byerly, Lexington, N. C, Jan. 16. 


Bradford church enjoyed a week's revival conducted by Eld. H. B. 
Martin of the Oakland church. His strong messages were helpful to 
this community. We have .received five by baptism since the last 
report. — J. E. Overholser, Bradford, Ohio, Jan. 12. 

Deshler church met for business meeting Jan. 14 when officers were 
elected for the following year with Bro. J. L. Guthrie, elder; Esther 
Dishong, secretary. Our Oelegates to District Meeting are Mary 
Cook and Esther Dishong; alternates, Libbie Sterling and Wm. Weav- 
er or Geo. Buchanan. Our Sunday-school put on a Christmas pro- 
gram. Webb Buchanan, Jr., is our Sunday-school superintendent. — 
Esther Dishong, Deshler, Ohio, Jan. 16. 

Lincoln Heights Mission. — The Ladies' Aid Society under the leader- 
ship of Mrs. Lide Stairs, president, closed the year's work and elected 
new officers at the December meeting. Mrs. Francis Miller is pres- 
ident. There are now thirty-one members, eleven being added to the 
roll this year. We have given in various ways to the Lord's work, 
$19.47. One all-day meeting was devoted to sewing for the Red Cross, 
thirteen pieces being completed.— Mrs. Lodema Thomas, Mansfield, 
Ohio, Jan. 17. 

Lower Miami. — During September we enjoyed a two weeks' meeting 
with Bro. J. O. Click of Covington, Ohio, evangelist. Four accepted 
Christ by baptism. Our love feast Oct. 22 was very well attended. 
Our Sunday-school gave a number of baskets to the needy for Christ- 
mas. On Christmas evening our young people gave a drama entitled, 
The Empty Room. Jan. 4 our Aid Society elected officers for the 
year, Sister Eliza Garst being president. We were glad to have Bro. 
Ora Garber and wife of Conway, Kans., with us. He gave us two 
very spiritual sermons. Jan. 8 Brother and Sister E. H. Eby from 
India were with us. Sister Eby gave a talk to the children and Bro. 
Eby gave the address of the morning. — Pearl Ruble, Dayton, Ohio, 
Jan. 12. 

Sidney. — At the beginning of our Church School year in October, 
Bro. Leslie Helman became our general superintendent. Our home- 
coming and rally day was held on Sunday, Nov. 6. It was an all-day 
program. Eld. D. W. Kurtz of Bethany Biblical Seminary spoke for 
us in the forenoon, afternoon and evening. The devotional services for 
the afternoon and evening were conducted by ministers of our city. 
Rev. U. R. McCorkle of the Poplar Grove congregation, who at one 
time lived within the bounds of this church, taught the combined Bible 
classes of the Church School. Miss Dora Beeghly of the Bear Creek 
congregation taught the children's department. The Trotwood male 
quartet furnished several special messages of song in the forenoon. 
These outside helpers ably assisted us in making the day a success. 
In the month of November several of our young people put on a re- 
ligious drama entitled "The Lantern" which was well presented and 
appreciated. On Christmas evening another program was put on by 
the children and young people. In the fall the Ladies' Aid Society 
reorganized with Mrs. Edith Friend as president. The Aid has been 
quite active this fall and winter. We expect to have with us Jan. 16. 
Bro. E. H. Eby and wife. They will bring to us a message of vital im- 
portance. — Mrs. C. V. Coppock, Sidney, Ohio, Jan. 16. 

Stonelick. — An unusual township Sunday-school convention was held 
here Dec. 4. Mrs. Grossnickle gave an illustrated talk. Brethren 
Jesse Noffsinger, Walter Hawke and two other ministers added to the 
interest of the convention. The Varsity Four of Piqua gave several 
selections. It was an afternoon well spent. We have preaching only 
once a month through the winter. Bro. John Garst was with us last 
Sunday. — Anna Lesh, Goshen, Ohio, Jan. 14. 


Ashland congregation expects to begin a series of revival meetings 
Sunday, Feb. 5, with Eld. J. W. Bamett of Arago, Ore., as evan- 
gelist. The meetings will close with a love feast. Our Christmas 
program was held Sunday evening, Dec. 25. The offering of $.10.31 is 
to be given to missions. — Mrs. M. C. Lininger, Ashland, Ore., Jan. 14. 
(Continued on Page 28) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

Nook for Women's Work 

(Continued From Page 23) 
Chapter 6: " Sharing the Unfinished Task " 

Hymn : " Holy, Holy, Holy ! Lord God Almighty." 
Scripture : Psalm 24. 
Hymn : " Beneath the Cross of Jesus." 

Duet : " The Ninety and Nine." 
Chapter Outline 

1. The salt marshes unredeemed. 

a. Poverty, pages 198-199. 

b. Disease, pages 199-201. 

c. Educational task unfinished, page 201. 

2. The unfinished task of evangelism. 
a. Unoccupied areas, pages 203-206. 

3. The sharers. 

a. The fellowship of sharers, pages 213-214. 

b. The joy of sharing, pages 214-217. 

c. Sharing a cross, pages 218-220. 

d. The secret of the more abundant life, page 220. 

Questions for discussion • 

1. What do I know about missions that I did not know 
before this study? 

2. How has the author helped us to feel acquainted with 
her friends? 

Hymn: " Lord of the Nations." 

"The world waits for China to make new and thrilling 
discoveries about him who came from Asia's soil." 

"In any land east or west, there is no sharing of 
love or life or anything worth while, that there 
is not a cross as well as a crown." 

"O Lord, revive thy church beginning from me." 



McPherson Regional Conference will meet at the college, 
McPherson, Kans., Feb. 19-24. The conference is de- 
signed to meet the needs of ministers, Sunday-school work- 
ers, young people's leaders and workers in any other field of 
Christian activity. The daily program will be as follows : 

9:45 A. M., Sermon. H. F. Richards, Pastor McPherson 

7 : 30 P. M., Sermon, " The Gospel for Our Times ; Help in 

Life's Hard Realities." Edward Frantz. 

7:30 P. M., Music. McPherson College. 
8 : 00 P. M., " The Gospel for Our Times ; Assurance of 
Spirit Values." Edward Frantz. 


8:30-10 A. M., Conference on Religious Educational Prob- 
lems. Led by C. E. Davis. 

8 : 30-10 A. M., Conference with Children's Workers. Ruth 

10 : 00 A. M., Chapel. Edward Frantz. 

10:30 A. M., "What Would the Prophets Say Today, 
About the Matter With America?" Edward 

11:30 A. M., "The Urgency of Christian Education." C. E. 

12 : 30 Noon. 

2 : 00 P. M., Address. F. A. Replogle. 
3 : 00 P. M., Bible Hour. J. Hugh Heckman. 
7:30 P. M., Program. McPherson College Fine Arts Dept. 
8 : 00 P. M., " The Gospel for Our Times ; Trust in a 
Christlike God." Edward Frantz. 

8 : 30-10 A. M., Conference on Religious Educational Prob- 
lems. Led by C. E. Davis. 
8:30-10 A. M., Conference with Children's Workers. Ruth 

10 : 00 A. M., Chapel. Edward Frantz. 

10 : 30 A. M., " What Would the Prophets Say Today, 
About the Chances for the Future?" Edward 
11 : 30 A. M., " The Educational Outlook for Our Region." 

V. F. Schwalm. 
12 : 30 Noon. 
2 : 00 P. M., " What Church Leaders Need Most." Edward 

3 : 00 P. M., Men's Work. R. E. Mohler. 
7:30 P. M., Program. Fine Arts Dept. 
8 : 00 P. M., Address. Otho Winger. 


8 : 30-10 A. M., Conference on Ministerial Problems. W. H. 

8 : 30-10 A. M., Conference with Children's Workers. Ruth 

10 : 00 A. M., Chapel Address. Otho Winger. 
10:30 A. M., "What Would the Prophets Say Today, 
About the Meaning of Depressions?" Edward 
11:30 A. M., Address. Otho Winger. 
12 : 30 Noon. 

2:30 P. M., "Facing the Fact of Sex." Edward Frantz. 
3 : 30 P. M., Bible Hour. J. Hugh Heckman. 
7:30 P. M., Program. Fine Arts Dept. 
8 : 00 P. M., Address. Otho Winger. 

8:30-10 A. M., Conference on Ministerial Problems. W. H. 

8 : 30-10 A. M., Conference with Children's Workers. Ruth 

10:00 A. M., Chapel. Otho Winger. 
10:30 A. M., "What Would the Prophets Say Today, 

About the Hardest Question Ever Asked?" 

Edward Frantz. 
11 : 30 A. M., Address. Otho Winger. 

The Committee. 


Sister Rebecca F. Wine died of pneumonia Jan. 10, 1933, at 
the age of 77 years, 4 months and 3 days. She had lived all 
her life in the bounds of the Flat Rock congregation, Shen- 
andoah County, Va. Since January, 1877, she had been a 
member of the Church of the Brethren, and her exemplary 
Christian walk and her earnest devotion to the church have 
been leading characteristics of her life. She was the daugh- 
ter of the late Samuel .Good and Sarah Wampler Good, and 
was born near New Market, Va. On May 1, 1879, she was 
united in marriage to Eld. Daniel P. Wine, who was an ac- 
tive minister in the church for about eighteen years. He 
died a little over nine years ago. In the passing of Mother 
Wine another of the strong pillars of the Flat Rock congre- 
gation has gone. Her life and influence in the congrega- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


tion were a great help and inspiration to all the ministers. A 
kind and loving spirit always characterized their home life, 
and her children all entered the church at an early age, thus 
led by the good example of father and mother. Sister Wine 
stood faithfully by her husband in his ministerial labors. 
She sympathized with him and encouraged him, and when 
possible accompanied him to his appointments for preach- 
ing, and to District and Annual Meetings. As long as her 
health permitted her place in the sanctuary was regularly 

Three sons and one daughter survive. She also leaves 
four brothers, two sisters and seven grandchildren. Services 
were conducted in the Flat Rock church, in the presence of 
a large concourse of people. She was buried in the ceme- 
tery near by. Bro. B. S. Landes, who had conducted the 
funeral services for her husband, preached on this occasion, 
assisted by Eld. M. L. Huffman, pastor of the congregation, 
and Dr. Parks W. Wilson of the Presbyterian church. The 
text, Philpp. 1 : 21, we believe expressed the true feeling of 
our sister : " Christ is my life, death is my victory." 

Moores Store, Va. J. Carson Miller. 


Note: The following tribute was written of Rev. David 
Franklin Shumaker who was clothed with the heavenly as 
the first rays of morning light shone over the eastern hill 
Friday morning, May 20. It was written by one of an- 
other denomination who stands high in social and political 
rank, and yet who sensed the earnestness of this great sol- 
dier of the cross. We could all well crave such at our jour- 
ney's end and God give us strength to so labor that in a 
small degree men may have thus thought of us while we 
were passing. Though missed by all, his soul goes marching 
on in the lives of men and women who were touched by the 
warm and friendly hand of this blessed saint. 

Rev. David F. Shumaker, my friend and neighbor, died today. 

This may sound like an ordinary bit of news to those who did not 
know my friend and neighbor, but to me, who knew him as both, it is 
expressed with a feeling of personal loss. 

I saw my friend and neighbor nearly every day. His kindly smile 
and his friendly manner set the sun to shining, even on days that 
were dark and cloudy. 

When I was in his presence, there was a feeling of trust and faith, 
of peace and love that rarely radiates from human beings. His soul 
was the very soul of the One who walked the paths of men uprightly 
and honestly and always "In the fear of the Lord." 

His rectitude of character and conduct was such that it caused me 
to think of the best things in life, to ponder over the happenings of 
my daily living, and to think of the things that are eternal and ever- 
lasting. I never talked to him, but that I was not benefited by the 
talk, and I never saw him that I did not think of him as a good man, 
upright and honest, always doing and living the will of God as he 
understood it to be. 

Since his saintly wife left this earth for her heavenly home, he ap- 
peared to me, to be waiting and watching for that time when he 
should join her, and together, they would live again in the loving com- 
panionship that characterized their earthly pilgrimage, for they were 
companions that always seemed to me to be created for each other. I 
believe he is now with her for time eternal, in that sphere "from whose 
bourne no traveler returns." 

My friend and neighbor, Rev. David Shumaker, is not dead. He 
lives, and the lessons of rectitude he leaves behind for us to emulate, 
are lessons of life whose influence will ever remain with us. We thank 
God for his presence among us, and we ask God to make us more like 
him whose passing we mourn. 

"One of my neighbors died today, 

A godly man — he was my friend; 
Nothing of hate was in his mind, 
Goodwill was with him to the end. 

"He loved the world all through his life, 

His kindness was a part of him; 
He saw the goodness in mankind, 
Although his eyes were growing dim. 

"The neighborhood will miss him much, 

And earth will be the loser, too; 
Although he never won great fame, 
He was a neighbor through and through. 

"God must have needed him up there, 

He thought his work on earth was done; 
We bow our heads in heartfelt grief, 
We know that he has claimed his own." 

The above tribute and poem were written by George 
Walker Williams of Johnstown. 

Johnstown, Pa. John D. Ellis. 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Dinges-Himton. — By and at the home of the undersigned, Mr. How- 
ard R. Dinges and Sister Hazel M. Hinton, Dec. 20, 1932, both of 
Luray. — A. Joseph Caricofe, Luray, Va. 

Helland-Thomas.— By the undersigned at the Mt. Morris church, 
Jan. S, 1933, Chester B. Helland and Marian Avah Thomas, both of 
Mt. Morris, 111.— F. E. McCune, Mt. Morris, III. 

Jehnzen-Jehnzen. — On Nov. 23, 1932, at the home of the undersigned, 
Carl Jehnzen of Rodney, Mich., and Mrs. Helen Jehnzen of Big Rap- 
ids, Mich. — Chas. A. Spencer, Shepherd, Mich. 

Pressgroves-Sigler. — By and at the home of the undersigned, Mr. 
Jno. Lloyd Pressgroves and Sister Bertha Sigler both of Luray.— A. 
Joseph Caricofe, Luray, Va. 


Blough, Aaron, oldest of nine children born to Jacob and Anna 
Blough. He was born in Wayne County, Ohio, died Dec. 18, 1932, 
aged 78 years. He married Fanny Eshelman Feb. 10, 1884. His wife 
survives with three sons, five daughters, thirty grandchildren, three 
great-grandchildren, five brothers and one sister. He united with the 
Church of the Brethren when about thirty-four, in which faith he was 
steadfast until the end. He served as trustee of the church for 
fifteen years. During his declining years he was twice anointed. 
Services in the East Chippewa church by his pastor, D. R. McFadden. 
Interment in the cemetery adjoining the church. — Sarah Blough, Ster- 
ling, Ohio. 

Brooks, Rebecca L., born in North Carolina, died Nov. 18, 1932, aged 
75 years. She was the daughter of John and Hanna Garvey. In 1876 
she was baptized into the Church of the Brethren and remained faith- 
ful. The same year she became the wife of John W. Brooks. To 
this union were born four sons and six daughters. She and her hus- 
band were first given the office of deacon and in 1882 appointed to the 
work of the ministry. Her husband preceded her eleven years ago. 
For many years her home had been near Fresno. She is survived by 
her children and many grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Fu- 
neral services by the undersigned and interment in the Belmont Me- 
morial Park of Fresno. — Leo H. Miller, Fresno, Calif. 

Burgard, Sister Cathrine Bowser, died Nov. 26, 1932, at the York 
hospital, aged 59 years. Death followed an operation. She was a 
member of the Church of the Brethren for many years. She is sur- 
vived by two sons, three daughters, seven grandchildren, four broth- 
ers and three sisters. Services in the East Berlin church by Eld. 
M. A. Jacobs assisted by Eld. C. L. Baker. Interment in Mummerts 
cemetery. — Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa. 

Clirae, Bro. Rufus F., died at the Harrisonburg, Va., hospital after 
an illness of several days. Funeral from the Timberville Church of 
the Brethren Oct. 18, 1932, of which he was a life member and a dea- 
con, with his pastor, Bro. Samuel D. Lindsay, officiating, assisted by 
Eld. L. M. Clower and Eld. J. S. Roller. Surviving are his widow, 
five children, one grandchild, and four sisters. Burial was made in the 
Timberville cemetery. — Mrs. Samuel D. Lindsay, Timberville, Va. 

Cloppert, Sister Maude, nee Bowman, born Oct. 19, 1885, died Nov. 3, 
1932. Feb. 24, 1907, she married Hugh Cloppert. Besides her hus- 
band she is survived by four daughters and one son, mother and one 
sister. In September, 1907, she and her husband united with the Lower 
Stillwater Church of the Brethren. A few years later they were called 
to the ministry and then to the eldership. For five years Bro. Clop- 
pert has been presiding elder of the Lower Stillwater church and re- 
cently of the Trotwood and East Dayton churches also. His wife was 
a faithful companion, always ready to do her part in the work of the 
church and standing by her husband. Funeral services by J. W. Fidler 
assisted by A. W. Oren and the writer. — Ira A. Oren, Clayton, Ohio. 
(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

News From Churches 

(Continued From Page 25) 

Portland. — The church at Portland has enjoyed many good things in 
the last quarter. On the evening of Oct. 16 our pastor solemnized the 
marriage of Catherine Snyder and Arthur Loomis. The pastor spoke 
on the subject, "Homespun Religion," after which the wedding cere- 
mony took place. Following the ceremony a reception was held in 
the church basement. Our love feast was held on Nov. 5 in the eve- 
ning. We were pleased to have a number of our members who live 
at great distances with us on that hallowed occasion. On the evening 
of Nov. 6 the welfare committee of our local church had charge of 
the services and rendered a very splendid temperance program. One 
noteworthy feature was a playlet entitled, "The Sparkling Glass," 
given by the intermediate young people. Perhaps the most unusual 
and heart-searching messages we have had for some time came to us 
on the evenings of Nov. 11 and 13 when Martin Charles and Ralph 
Underwood gave us their testimonies concerning their conversion ex- 
periences. Until three months before this time they were atheists 
of the militant type. Both were working under the auspices of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Atheism. To hear their 
experiences how God led them from an atheistic philosophy of life to 
the religion of Christ deepened immeasurably an appreciation of 
our own religious experience which we are so apt to discount as 
commonplace. The mothers and daughters' association held their an- 
nual banquet Nov. IS. The speaker of the evening was Catherine Nis- 
wander who is in charge of the work at one of the Mennonite churches 
in the city. On the evening of Dec. 25 the Christmas program was 
rendered to a full house. A drama entitled "The Starflower," was 
given under the auspices of the Y. P. D. An offering was taken which 
was applied on the district young people's project of helping to sup- 
port Brother and Sister William Beahm in Africa. The junior depart- 
ment rendered songs, readings and exercises. The Christmas dime 
card offering in the Sunday-school for missions amounted to $25. Dur- 
ing the holiday season the services have been of an evangelistic na- 
ture. On Jan. 8 one of our intermediate boys of a non- Brethren home 
was received into the church by Christian baptism. — Rebecca Barr, 
Portland, Ore., Jan. 14. 


Creencastle church met in council Jan. 10 when reports from the va- 
rious organizations were given and church officers for the year elected. 
Our Sunday-school rendered a program on Christmas eve with a short 
program by the beginners and primaries, and a pageant, The Nativity, 
by the juniors, intermediates and young people. Our Women's Work 
organization elected officers with Mrs. Jesse Whitacre, president. — 
Kate E. Gilland, Greencastle, Pa., Jan. 15. 

County Line. — The year was a very good one for our church with 
progress both spiritual and financial. We met all our expenses and 
have a small amount in the treasury. We granted two church letters. 
Oct. 29 Brother and Sister R. A. Nedrow from Ludlowville, N. Y., be- 
gan a week's revival meeting which strengthened our church consid- 
erably." Bro. Nedrow preached very interesting and inspiring sermons. 
Their coming was eajoyed and appreciated by all, this being Bro. 
Nedrow's home church. The church was practically filled every night 
during our meeting. People came from Pittsburgh, Pitcairn, Greens- 
burg, Rockwood, Mt. Pleasant, Waterford, Somerset, Youngwood and 
many other places. We closed the meeting with a love feast. Dec. 3 
the Volunteer group from Juniata rendered an interesting program 
which was very much enjoyed by all. Dec. 4 our missionary super- 
intendent put on a successful program. Dec. 23 the Sunday-school ren- 
dered a Christmas program which was enjoyed by all. Bro. Geary has 
served as pastor for fifteen months and under his leadership and 
guidance the church has progressed rapidly. He has taken a great 
interest in his work. When our church met in council Dec. 31 and 
elected officers Bro. Geary was reelected pastor by almost a unani- 
mous vote. Bro. Rhodes, reelected elder; Bro. Lloyd C. Hostetler, 
trustee; Bro. Wm. Nedrow, trustee; Bro. W. H. Kern, clerk; Sister 
Evelyn Hostetler, Messenger agent and corresponding secretary. Bro. 
John Geary and Bro. Ritenour are delegates to District Meeting. We 
are looking forward to the coming of Bro. L. S. Knepper to hold a 
Bible institute. — Evelyn L. Hostetler, Jones Mills, Pa., Jan. 14. 

Harrisburg. — Sunday evening, Nov. 27, we celebrated again our semi- 
annual love feast and communion with H. K. Ober, our elder, officiat- 
ing, assisted by Eld. G. N. Falkenstine. Two hundred and twelve were 
at the tables and this was the largest number in the history of this 
church. It was indeed a spiritual feast. A Christmas cantata entitled, 
"The Night of Glory," was given Dec. 22 by the young people's Bible 
class. The children gave their program Christmas Sunday morning. 
An offering amounting to $89.19 was received for the foreign mission 
work of the church. Our church cooperated with the other churches 
of the city in a week of prayer services, Jan. 1-6, the program being 
arranged by the ministerial association. The churches of the city were 
divided into groups of five making it possible to have a service in a 
different church each night. Friday evening our pastor, Eld. J. E. 
Whitacre, preached the sermon. We feel that the community received 
a great spiritual blessing through this Christian fellowship and co- 
operation. For the Sunday nights of January our pastor is preaching 
a series of sermons entitled, "A Quintette of Streets." The attend- 
ance has been increasing each Sunday night. Last night 301 were 
present. It is Bro. Whitacre's purpose in using these sermons to pre- 
pare the congregation and the community for our evangelistic meeting 
to begin Sunday evening, Feb. 5, with Eld. I. S. Long of Bridgewater, 

Va., evangelist. At the close of Sunday-school Jan. 8 one was received 
by baptism and one by letter. One accepted Christ last night in the 
service. Sunday evening the Y. P. D. reorganized for the new year; 
president, Miller Peterman. — Mrs. Warren Suavely, Harrisburg, Pa., 
Jan. 16. 

Lititz. — Nov. 20 we were very happy to have Eld. C. D. Bonsack 
with us. He preached the morning sermon and gave a short address 
at a young people's Thanksgiving program in the evening. Our 
Thanksgiving Day services were in charge of our home ministers. 
Nov. 27 we held our fall love feast. Brethren Nathan Martin, David 
Snader and A. C. Baugher assisted the home ministers in the service. 
Eld. Baugher officiated at the feast. Dec. 18 the young people had 
charge of the evening program. A number of Christmas carols were 
sung and the missionary play, A Christmas Problem, was given. 
Dec. 25 Eld. A. C. Baugher preached the morning sermon. In the eve- 
ning the Sunday-school gave the Christmas program. The children 
took part, there was special music by the men's chorus, and the young 
people dramatized The Old, Old Story. An offering of $81.39 was lifted 
for missions. The church met in council Jan. 11 and elected the fol- 
lowing officers: Church clerk, Eld. H. M. Eberly; trustee, Henry B. 
Gibbel; Christian Workers' president, Edna Mohler. Our membership 
at present is 287. The Sisters' Aid has just completed the furnishing 
of a room in the girls' dormitory at Elizabethtown College. The 
churches of Lititz united in observing the week of prayer. The 
Wednesday evening service was held in our church. Eld. J. I. Byler 
preached the sermon. — Florence B. Gibbel, Lititz, Pa., Jan. 14. 

Long Run. — On Jan. 8 our elder, S. G. Meyer, brought us a won- 
derful message on the theme of Voices. In the evening we had 
prayer meeting, the subject being God's Cure for Sin. Jan. 15 Bro. 
Harvey B. Markley brought with him a class of young people from 
Lititz who gave a wonderful program of music. Bro. Markley's morn- 
ing theme depended largely on the scripture of the Sunday-school les- 
son, being related to A Christian's Sabbath. The theme of the eve- 
ning message was Riches of Jesus. In two weeks Bro. Chas. Ziegler 
from Richland will be with us for the evening service also. Council 
meeting is the second Saturday of April.— Mrs. , Quinton A. Kunkle, 
Parryville, Pa., Jan. 16. 

Montgomery church met in council Dec. 19 for the purpose of ar- 
ranging church work and electing new officers. A. E. Edwards was 
reelected presiding elder; Bro. Oran Fyock, secretary; Bro. Frank 
Fyock, trustee; Messenger correspondent, the undersigned. Our Sun- 
day-school is prospering very nicely under the leadership of our super- 
intendent, Bro. Ivan Fetterman. The children gave an interesting 
program on Christmas evening, consisting of music, recitations and 
songs. Then Bro. Edwards gave the sermon. Our Sisters' Aid has 
done a good work by reseating the church. — Mrs. Annie Walker, 
Rochester Mills, Pa., Jan. 16. 

Somerset. — Bro. T. F. Henry, pastor of the Roxbury church, Johns- 
town, conducted our Christmas services, dramatizing the story of 
Christmas. The program was divided into five scenes, the audience 
singing between scenes. Services were rendered by the Church School 
Christmas morning, followed by an interesting play by the young 
people at 6: 45. A cantata was given by the choir under the leadership 
of Bro. John G. Fike on Sunday evening, Dec. 25. The church held 
its regular council on Jan. 9. Jan. 15 Sunday-school was largely at- 
tended. During the day we had three very inspiring sermons on the 
Book of Amos by Calvin N. Ellis of Juniata College.— Mrs. H. R. 
Knepper, Somerset, Pa., Jan. 16. 

Spring Run. — Communion services were held Nov. 5 with a splendid 
attendance. Bro. C. O. Beery of Williamsburg officiated; he also 
brought an inspiring message the following morning. On Thanksgiving 
a program was given in which all departments of church and Sunday- 
school were represented. A generous offering was taken for missions 
and church service. Christmas was also observed with a program. The 
offering was given to world-wide missions. The Y. P. D. delivered 
boxes of Christmas cheer to the sick and shut-ins; they also sang 
carols in the early morning at many homes. The young people are 
active and are a great help in the Sunday-school and church services, 
giving programs and special music, etc. The Sisters' Aid Society was 
recently reorganized with Sister Belle Rhodes as president. The so- 
ciety has been active during the past year and has arranged for work 
ahead for several months. Dec. 31 the church met in council. The 
election of officers and other matters of church work were disposed of. 
In the evening the regular teachers' meeting was held at the church 
followed by a watch night service, the program being given mostly by 
the Y. P. D., consisting of readings, prayer, special music and short 
talks. — Maggie Gill, McVeytown, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Westmont. — Since our last writing our pastor, Bro. A. C. Miller, held 
a revival meeting in the Claar church at Claysburg. During his ab- 
sence the pulpit was filled by Bro. W. H. Rummel and Bro. Fred 
Livingston. Both sermons were helpful and inspiring. The young 
people have organized a B. Y. P. D. and a real interest is shown by 
their increased attendance each Sunday. Mrs. Homer Cober is adult 
advisor of the organization with Erdean Dorer as president. Two 
other classes have been organized: a junior Y. P. D., under the direc- 
tion of Mrs. W. H. Rummel, and an adult Bible study, which takes us 
through the Bible in a year, and is conducted by Bro. William Rummel. 
Since the organization of these classes, we have had a marked in- 
crease in attendance at our Sunday evening services. Our Christmas 
program was taken care of by the Cradle Roll, beginners, primary, and 
junior classes, in the morning. The white gifts, at this service, were 
distributed to the needy families in the church. The evening program, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 


which was presented by the young people, was under the supervision 
of Mrs. Ruth Stutzman. Our watch night services were very well 
attended. From nine to ten o'clock the young people were in charge, 
from ten to eleven o'clock a social hour was held, and from eleven to 
twelve o'clock, a program of songs and readings, closing with a fellow- 
ship circle. One has been added to our number by baptism since our 
last report.— Mrs. John Head, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 17. 

York.— Oct. 9 an all-day meeting was held in our mission house. A 
rally day program was rendered in the morning. Recitations and 
special music composed the programs of the afternoon and evening. 
Bro. W. N. Zobler. Lancaster, Pa., was the speaker of the day. Oct. 30 
our missionary society rendered a program in the union church at 
Manchester, Pa. A quartet from Palmyra was an interesting feature at 
this service. Eld. M. A. Jacobs conducted a service in our city hos- 
pital on the same day. Nov. 13 our love feast was held in the First 
church. Bro. Diller Myer preached the preparatory sermon in the 
morning. Bro. C. B. Sollenberger preached a sermon in the afternoon; 
in the evening a large congregation took part in the Lord's supper. 
A Thanksgiving service was held, the offering being given to the visit- 
ing nurses and the benevolent society of our city. Dec. 8 Bro. I. H. 
Brumbaugh of Juniata College gave a lecture on Youth in the Church. 
The men's chorus also sang at this service. Dec. 18 Bro. Frank 
Sargent preached the morning and evening sermons and spoke at the 
county jail in the afternoon. Recently we reorganized the Sunday- 
schools of the First church and our mission house, with Brethren 
Emory P. Trimmer and Geo. Stough as superintendents. Dec. 23 
Sister Anetta Mow, missionary to India, gave an interesting talk at 
the meeting of our missionary society. She will speak in the First 
church Feb. 5 at the morning service. Bro. Rufus Bucher, Qrfarry- 
ville, Pa., will begin a revival in the evening, Feb. 5. There is a new 
interest and marked attendance in our mid-week prayer meeting. Re- 
cently the reorganization of our missionary society was held and Bro. 
Lowell Landis was chosen president. — Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa., 
Jan. 12. 


New Hope church met in council in December. Bro. H. M. Laughrun 
was elected elder and pastor for the coming year; Bro. Fred Bowman, 
Sunday-school superintendent. The first Monday in November Bro. 
Frank Isenberg began a revival meeting which continued for three 
weeks. Ten were baptized and several renewed their covenant. Dec. 18 
the young people of the Johnson City church brought a program to 
the New Hope young people. Our group expects to take a program to 
Johnson City on Jan. 15. The Sisters' Aid Society will have their 
regular meeting on Jan. 11 and start their work for the year. Bro. 
Fred Bowman has been licensed to preach. — Mary K. Clark, Jonesboro, 
Ten,,, Jan. 11. ^^ 

Manvel.— Bro. O. H. Feiler of Perryton, Texas, who is making an 
evangelistic tour of our district, held three nights' services of illus- 
trated lectures on "The Life of Christ" and "Faith," and preached 
for us on Sunday morning. The meetings opened on Jan. 6, and in 
spite of bad weather there was good attendance. His messages, which 
were full of inspiration and help to all, were greatly appreciated.— 
Anna Peters, Manvel, Texas, Jan. 12. 


Belmont.— Oct. 1 we held our love feast with Eld. I. N. Zigler offici- 
ating. Bro. Luther L. Mason conducted our revival services in Oc- 
tober, assisted by our elder, I. N. Zigler. Good interest was maintained 
throughout the meeting and as a direct result three young boys ac- 
cepted Christ. Dec. 26 at the regular council meeting the following 
officers were chosen for the year: I. N. Zigler, elder; Luther L. Mason, 
associate elder; Belmont Sunday-school superintendent, J. M. Mason; 
Brooks mission superintendent, W. R. Brooks; Sister Mattie E. Zig- 
ler, president of Women's Work; Sister Alma Mason, B. Y. P. D. pres- 
ident; Bro. Jacob Zigler, Messenger agent; the writer, correspondent. 
—Hannah M. Mason, Don, Va., Jan. 9. 

Brick. — We were glad to have Bro. Price Bowman of Bassett preach 
for us on Nov. 13. Our Aid Society has been sewing for the Red 
Cross. They gave a splendid missionary program on Wednesday night 
before Thanksgiving. All the Aid members brought in their mite 
boxes. Bro. M. R. Zigler was at our church Nov. 23 with a message 
that made us think seriously. Our regular council meeting was held 
the third Sunday in November. Our Thanksgiving message was 
brought by Bro. Carl Spangler with our B. Y. P. D. conducting the 
worship program. Dec. 4 Bro. Charlie Flora of Antioch church gave 
a splendid message on, Be Not Deceived. Bro. Geo. Bowman gave the 
Christmas message. — Thelma Flora, Boone Mill, Va., Jan. 11. 

Bridgewater. — When one begins to look around for the sick and 
shut-in folk and needy families, it is surprising how many one finds. 
Our church several weeks before Christmas made such a survey and 
the result was more than we had anticipated. The different classes 
and departments of the Sunday-school were asked to volunteer respon- 
sibility for seeing that some person or family was remembered at 
Christmas. Various methods were used by the different groups: in 
some cases large quantities of provisions were sent to the home, each 
member of the class contributing. In another case the class visited 
the home, carrying with them a gift and rendering a program. One 
class of young people took with their gifts a decorated tree to the 
home of a widowed sister. Although she was eighty-six years old 
this was her first Christmas tree. We feel that our efforts were quite 
worth while not only from the standpoint of helping those in need and 
bringing joy to the aged and shut-in, but it afforded an opportunity 
to a large number both old and young to have a definite part in mak- 

ing the Christmas celebration more meaningful.— Mrs. O. F. Foley, 
Bridgewater, Va., Jan. 16. 

Timberville.— Since our last report one has been lost by letter and 
one by death; our total membership is 311. During the months of 
October and November our pastor used as sermon themes, "Parables 
of Our Lord." Oct. 23 Bro. Joseph Miller gave an inspiring message to 
our young people concerning the program of the district B. Y. P. D. 
The union Thanksgiving worship of Nov. 20 was held in our church 
with sermon by Rev. Behrens, assisted by Rev. Ballentine and Bro. 
Lindsay. Bro. Virgil Finnell spent Nov. 28 in our vicinity, speaking 
in the schools during the day and in the church in the evening upon 
the subject, Evils of Tobacco. Our Christmas pageant was held Sun- 
day evening, Dec. 18. Eld. I. W. Miller preached a timely New Year's 
message for us at our morning worship of Jan. 1. Council meeting was 
held Jan. 15. The various reports were read and accepted. Bro. 
Clower was reelected elder for another year. Brethren John H. Hoover 
and Harry J. Garber were elected delegates to District Meeting with 
Sister Maggie Hoover and Bro. Ralph Hoover as alternates. Our 
love feast will be held in the evening of May 7. — Mrs. Samuel D. 
Lindsay, Timberville, Va., Jan. 18. 


Spokane. — The Sunday-school and choir rendered a program Wednes- 
day night before Christmas. Many in attendance brought food which 
was received by a committee and at the conclusion of the program 
everyone was invited to the basement for an informal program and 
the presentation of the shower of gifts — food, needlework and a purse 
—to our pastor and wife. We are especially favored as a small church 
to have amongst us Bro. Samuel Bock, formerly of Dayton, Ohio. A 
birthday card shower was arranged in his honor, his ninety-third birth- 
day being Jan. 8. Our Sunday-school average was ninety. There is an 
earnest cooperation in the church work and interest and attendance are 
steadily on the increase. It was recently decided to conduct a revival 
at some suitable date with our pastor, Eld. D. W. Shock, as evan- 
gelist.— Mrs. Mildred McFarlen, Spokane, Wash., Jan. 14. 


North Mill Creek. — Bro. P. I. Garber began a series of meetings at 
Bethel church on Nov. 14 and closed Nov. 27, preaching thirteen ser- 
mons. Interest in the meeting was good. As a result there were five 
conversions, three have been baptized, one awaits the rite and one is 
to be reclaimed. Nov. 15 Bro. Virgil Finnell gave his illustrated lec- 
ture which was enjoyed by all. Nov. 17 Prof. J. F. Jameson gave an 
interesting and inspiring lecture to the young people. Our Sunday- 
school put on Thanksgiving and Christmas programs, both being en- 
joyed by a full house. Nov. 26 sixty-two surrounded the Lord's table 
with Bro. A. S. Arnold officiating. Sept. 18 Bro. P. I. Garber began a 
meeting at Brake church and closed Oct. 2. Here nine were baptized 
and two reclaimed. Oct. 1 sixty surrounded the Lord's table with Bro. 
Garber officiating. Oct. 3 Bro. Garber began a meeting at Sycamore 
church and closed Oct. 16. As a result of the meeting ten were bap- 
tized and one was reclaimed. Oct. 15 twenty-eight surrounded the 
Lord's table with Bro. Garber officiating. — Gracie A. Shreve, Peters- 
burg, W. Va., Jan. 14. 

Salem. — The work in Sandy Creek congregation continues to move 
forward in the usual way.- During the year seven evangelistic meet- 
ings were held at the different places of worship, and thirty new mem- 
bers baptized into the church. Seven Sunday-schools have been in 
operation doing effective work. Several programs were rendered dur- 
ing the year on the subjects of Temperance, Peace, Thanksgiving and 
Christmas. Jan. 1 at Salem church the first quarterly council was held. 
We elected a clerk, treasurer, correspondent, Messenger agent, etc. 
Also the different committees and boards were elected for this year. 
One of the greatest problems under discussion was church finances, 
how to enlist the entire membership in raising the budget necessary to 
carry forward the work of the church. We decided on the every-mem- 
ber canvass. Arrangements were made for evangelistic meetings at 
the different houses of worship during the year. Men's Work and 
Women's Work were discussed which may result in some organization 
later. Council meetings will be held at several other churches. — Alma 
G. Thomas, Brandonville, W. Va., Jan. 16. 

Unity. — Since our last report an afternoon Sunday-school has been 
organized at the New Dale house, sponsored by the Bethel Sunday- 
school with Bro. Samuel Spitzer superintendent. There had been no 
service at this place for nearly two years. This is a result of a 
revival meeting held by Bro. W. Paul Coffman of Staunton. The 
Fairview Sunday-school rendered a program on Christmas night and 
the Bethel school one on Monday night. Our Thanksgiving sermon 
was delivered by Bro. Jacob Huffman who is now a student in Bridge- 
water College. An offering of about $15 was taken for district missions. 
Our Christmas offering of $22 was given to foreign missions. Bro. 
Virgil C. Finnell came to us in December and gave his lecture at 
two of our churchhouses on Why Girls Smoke. He also delivered a 
timely address on Sunday morning. Our Sisters' Aid Society has been 
reorganized for the coming year with Sister Mollie Myers, president. 
The total receipts for the year were $127.72. Delegates for our coming 
District Meeting are: Brethren I. W. Nair, C. F. Whitmer and P. I. 
Roller and Sisters Lizzie Zigler and Mollie Myers. For Annual Meet- 
ing: Elders J. S. Roller and C. E. Nair with S. D. Zigler and W. A. 
Myers, alternates. Bro. Isaac Zigler is president of our B. Y. P. D. 
The report given at our recent business meeting shows a gain in 
membership of twenty-nine during v.he year. Bro. J. S. Roller has 
been reelected as elder in charge for another year. — Ida Brower Roller, 
New Market, Va., Jan. 11. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

Fallen Asleep 

(Continued From Page 27) 

Coffman, Emma, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth Keck, born in 
Indiana, March 25, 1863, died Dec. 8, 1932. She came to Indiana and to 
her present home at the age of eight. She married David H. Coffman 
April 8, 1909. She united with the Church of the Brethren when about 
eighteen years old. She was a devout Christian, very devoted to her 
church. She leaves her husband, five stepchildren, five grandchildren 
and one brother. Services at the East Chippewa church by her pastor, 
D. R. McFadden. Interment in Paradise Union cemetery.— Sarah 
Blough, Sterling, Ohio. 

Corn, Robert Earl, only child of Earl and Norma Denny Corn, died 
Oct. 24, 1932, aged 1 year. His death came suddenly after a very 
brief illness. Services were conducted in the Independence church by 
Charles Cline, assisted by the writer. Burial in the Mount Hope cem- 
etery. — C. Ernest Davis, Independence, Kans. 

Dennis, Benj. M., died Nov. 11, 1932, at the home of his daughter 
and son-in-law, aged 69 years. He was an invalid the past three years. 
Services at his late home by Eld. M. A. Jacobs. Burial in Mt. Rose 
cemtery. — Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa. 

Derringer, Ralph B., son of Adam and Mary Derringer, born in Mont- 
gomery County, Ohio, died Jan. 6, 1933, aged 24 years. Death was the 
result of an auto accident. Early in life he became a member of the 
Lower Miami Church of the Brethren, retaining his membership in 
this church until death. He leaves one brother, two sisters, two half 
brothers and one half sister. He spent his life in the community in 
which he was born. He was betrothed to Miss Edna Adair with whom 
he expected soon to be united in marriage. Funeral services by Eld. 
John M. Garst at the Lower Miami church, assisted by Eld. Jesse 
Garst. Interment in Zion cemetery. — Pearl Ruble, Dayton, Ohio. 

Dispanet, Bro. Angus J., died Jan. 7, 1933, aged 74 years. He leaves 
a widow, eight children, two brothers and one sister. He was a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren for a number of years. Services 
by the writer assisted by Bro. W. D. Walker at the house. Inter- 
ment in the family burial ground. — S. W. See, Mathias, W. Va. 

Elegeert, August, son of Ferdinand and Louise Elegeert, born in 
Brussels, Belgium, Aug. 20, 1889. He died at the home of Sister 
Alice Miller in Kewanee, 111., Dec. 29, 1932. He accepted Christ as his 
Savior Nov. 16, 1932. Late the same evening he was anointed, the 
service bringing him joy and peace. He experienced great persecution 
at the hands of relatives during the last month on account of becom- 
ing a member of a Protestant church, the law being necessary in order 
that his desires for the funeral might be carried out. Services in the 
Christian church at Kewanee, by the writer. — J. F. Baldwin, Sterling, 

Gaffin, Frances Thomas, youngest daughter of Elias and Susan Rice 
Thomas, was born Oct. 18, 1853, in Leaf River township, died Dec. 18, 
1932, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. John Price. She lived her 
entire life in this community. Here she was married to Wm. Gaffin 
Feb. 10, 1875. To this union five children were born, two of whom 
survive her. Mrs. Gaffin had long been an active member of the 
Church of the Brethren. She gave largely of her time and work to the 
Aid Society, and was always ready to help wherever her work was 
needed. She will long be remembered by her friends for her strong 
Christian character. Funeral services were conducted by the pastor 
at the church. Interment was made in Silver Creek. — F. E. McCune, 
Mt. Morris, 111. 

Gearhart, Sadie A., wife of Wm. H. Gearhart, died Dec. 21, 1932, at 
the home of her daughter, Mrs. Wm. Gill, near McVeytown, Pa., 
aged 81 years. She was a faithful member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren at Spring Run for many years. Her husband preceded her six- 
teen years ago and one son seven years ago. She is survived by four 
sons, two daughters, twenty-nine grandchildren, four great-grand- 
children and one brother. Funeral services in the Spring Run church 
by Brethren L. G. Ruble and Wm. Hanawalt. Burial in the Spring 
Run cemetery. — Maggie Gill, McVeytown, Pa. 

Gobrecht, Claude S., died Dec. 30, 1932, aged 44 years. He was the 
son of Daniel and Amelia Longlitz Gobrecht. He is survived by his 
mother, three brothers and one sister. He died from a complication 
of diseases after a lingering illness, the last nine months of which 
were spent in the hospital. He was a faithful member of the Church 
of the Brethren. Services at the church by Eld. J. E. Myers and 
J. M. Stauffer. Interment in Mt. Olivet cemetery. — A. P. Hetrick, 
Hanover, Pa. 

Green, Sister Barbara Jane Leatherman, born in West Virginia, died 
at her home near Donnelsville, Ohio, Jan. 11, 1933, aged 82 years. She 
came to Ohio when four years old and spent most of her life in 
Clark County. In 1877 she married Caleb Wingert to which union five 
children were born, three of whom survive. Dec. 29, 1892, she mar- 
ried Wesson Green and to them one son was born. In 1889 she united 
with the Church of the Brethren and since that time had lived a de- 
voted Christian life. She leaves two sons, two daughters, three step- 
sons, one stepdaughter, one grandchild, nineteen stepgrandchildren, one 
brother and one sister. Funeral services at the residence by Bro. 
Cyrus Funderburg assisted by Bro. D. S. Dredge.— Ruth Dresher, 
Springfield, Ohio. 

Hall, Edward Alonzo, son of Ephraim and Leah Hall, was born in 
Armstrong County, Pa., Jan. 27, 1861, and died in Polk County, Iowa, 
Jan. 7, 1933. In 1868 he moved with his parents to Freeport, 111., and 

in the next year, 1869, in a covered wagon, they went on to Polk 
County, Iowa, where he had lived ever since. In 1884 he was married 
to Katie Shackelford; they were the parents of three children, all of 
whom with their mother, survive. He united with the Church of 
the Brethren in 1883, and lived a loyal Christian life since. Besides 
his wife and children, he is survived by two brothers and two sisters. 
Funeral services were conducted in the Des Moines Valley church by 
the undersigned, and he was laid to rest in the near-by cemetery. — Ray 
E. Zook, Elkhart, Iowa. 

Paul, Sister Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth Brower, 
born in Henry County, Ind., April 22, 1844. She married Geo. H. Paul 
March 20, 1882. To this union were born five sons and five daughters. 
She united with the Church of the Brethren at the age of fourteen and 
was much devoted to the cause of her Master. After an illness of 
three weeks she died Dec. 5, 1932, at the home of her son, Benjamin 
Paul of Muncie. Five daughters and two sons survive with one step- 
son, thirty-three grandchildren, fourteen great-grandchildren and three 
great-great-grandchildren. Funeral at the church by the writer as- 
sisted by the pastor, Bro. Boomershine. Interment in the Beech 
Grove cemetery, Muncie. — Geo. L. Studebaker, Muncie, Ind. 

Showalter, Nora May, daughter of Brother and Sister Jacob S. 
Showalter, born in Pennsylvania, died Dec. 10, 1932, aged 24 years. At 
the age of thirteen she accepted Christ and ever lived in that faith, 
giving beautiful service in the home of her parents and teaching in the 
Sunday-school. She is survived by her parents, two brothers and one 
sister. Services by the undersigned. Interment in the Belmont Me- 
morial Park at Fresno. — Leo H. Miller, Fresno, Calif. 

Stroop, John, died at his home near Cootes Store, Va. Funeral from 
the -Linville, Va., Church of the Brethren on Jan. 1, 1933, with Rev. 
S. C. Hutton and Bro. Samuel D. Lindsay officiating. Surviving are 
his wife, two children, seven brothers and five sisters. Burial was 
made in the cemetery adjoining the church. — Mrs. Samuel D. Lindsay, 
Timberville, Va. 

Ulrey, Sister Miley A., born in Howard County, Ind., died at her 
home in Stanley, Wis., Jan. 1, 1933, aged 74 years. She was the daugh- 
ter of Rev. Thos. and Miley Patten and was the last of a family of 
ten children. April 28, 1886, she married Chas. E. Turner who pre- 
ceded her April 14, 1914. Their two children died in infancy. Oct. 1, 
1927, she married Monroe Ulrey who died June 7, 1930. July 23, 1932, 
she married Sam Ulrey who survives. She united with the church in 
early life and had ever lived faithful to her convictions. Funeral 
services by Bro. O. L. Harley from the Stanley church. Burial in 
the Worden cemetery. — Mrs. Jacob Winkler, Stanley, Wis. 

Wine, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Guy Wine, died Oct. 16, 1932. Pri- 
vate services at the grave by Bro. S. D. Lindsay. Burial in the Tim- 
berville, Va., cemetery. — Mrs. Samuel D. Lindsay, Timberville, Va. 

The Church of the Brethren 

Formerly Called Dunkers 

1. This body of Christians originated in the eighteenth century, the 
church being a natural outgrowth of the Pietistic movement following 
the Reformation. 

2. Firmly accepts and teaches the fundamental evangelical doctrines 
of the inspiration of the Bible, the personality of the Holy Spirit, the 
virgin birth, the deity of Christ, the sin-pardoning value of his atone- 
ment, his resurrection from the tomb, ascension and personal and 
visible return, and resurrection both of the just and unjust (John 5: 
28, 29; 1 Thess. 4: 13-18). 

3. Observes the following New Testament rites: Baptism of penitent 
believers by trine immersion for the remission of sins (Matt. 28: 19; 
Acts 2:38); feet-washing (John 13:1-20; 1 Tim. 5:10); love feast 
(Luke 22:20; John 13:4; 1 Cor. 11:17-34; Jude 12); communion (Matt. 
26:26-30); the Christian salutation (Rom. 16:16; Acts 20:37); proper 
appearance in worship (1 Cor. 11:2-16); the anointing for healing in 
the name of the Lord (James 5:13-18; Mark 6:13); laying on of 
hands (Acts 8:17; 19:6: 1 Tim. 4:14). These rites are representative 
of spiritual facts which obtain in the lives of true believers and as 
such are essential factors in the development of the Christian life. 

4. Emphasizes daily devotion for the individual and family worship 
for the home (Eph. 6:18-20; Philpp. 4:8, 9); stewardship of time, 
talents and money (Matt. 25: 14-30); taking care of the fatherless, 
widows, poor, sick and aged (Acts 6: 1-7). 

5. Opposes on Scriptural grounds: War and the taking of human 
life (Matt. 5:21-26, 43, 44; Rom. 12:19-21; Isa. 53:7-12); violence in 
personal and industrial controversy (Matt. 7:12; Rom. 13:8-10); in- 
temperance in all things (Titus 2:2; Gal. 5:19-26; Eph. 5:18); going 
to law, especially against our Christian brethren (1 Cor. 6: 1-9); divorce 
and remarriage except for the one Scriptural reason (Matt. 19:9); 
every form of oath (Matt. 5:33-37; James 5: 12); membership in secret, 
oath-bound societies (2 Cor. 6: 14-18); games of chance and sinful 
amusements (1 Thess. 5:22; 1 Peter 2:11; Rom. 12:17); extravagant 
and immodest dress (1 Tim. 2:8-10; 1 Peter 3:1-6). 

6. Labors earnestly in harmony with the Great Commission, for the 
evangelization of the world, for the conversion of men to Jesus Christ, 
and for the realization of the life of Jesus Christ in every believer 
(Matt. 28: 18-20; Mark 16: 15, 16; 2 Cor. 3: 18). 

7. Maintains the New Testament as its only creed, in harmony with 
which the above brief statement is made. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 




■ M I i I i , m .. h .. h„i .. h .. i .. M ,. i 1 I ' M M"H"1"I"I"1 I Ml I 1 "H; ■ ! I I l-I-l-I-l-I-I-I - I- I -l-I- I-I-I -I- I - I -l-I-'I- I I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I M-I-I; 

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■ I„I 1 1 rr H-W4-H-W-r-r-H I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I T I I - 










THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1933 

■T..T..T..T..T.. T ..T..Ti.T..T..T< 


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■ H I I I I I 1 . l .- l-l-i-i-i-I-I-I-I-I-I-l-I-I-I MM 1 I 1 1 I 1 I I I M-l 








By Hawbaker and Dotterer 

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• I-I-H - M I I 1 1 I" M "I"M 1 I 1 1 I 11 M " I"1"I"1"1"1"I-1 MM M-i 

ospel Messenger 

Vol. 82 Elgin, 111., February 11, 1933 No. 6 



Hymn to the Common Man (H. A. B.) 3 

When Things Are Muddy (E. F.), 3 

Our Student Volunteers (C. D. B.) 3 

War as a Business Venture (H. A. B.), 4 

Something Good in Chicago (E. F.), 4 

Keep Pig Feed on the Farm (H. A. B.) 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.),. . 17 


He Prayed (Poem). By Benjamin H. Van Dyke, 2 

Afterwhile (Poem). By Minnie B. Sherrick, 5 

Crisis and Crash. By D. W. Kurtz 5 

Facing Readjustments. By Harold E. Pletcher, 6 

"College Men in Sing Sing." By Ruth Shriver 7 

What Is Business Demanding? By D. W. Showalter 7 

Side Tracking Baptism. By J. H. Moore, 8 

Meeting of General Education Board. By J. S. Noffsinger, 9 

United Stewardship Council Statistics 12 

January Mission and Church Service Receipts 20 


The Preacher Who Thinks. By M. G. Wilson 10 

Prosperity Versus Depression. By August Beck, 10 

How Shall We Observe Lent? By Wm. E. Thompson, 11 

Publicity. By Julia Graydon, 11 

Methods for Mission Workers: Graphic Stewardship Presentation — Dedication of 

Dollars, etc, * 12 

Volunteer Talk : A Forward Glance — Some Aims — Some Personals — Some Echoes, 1 4 


Desire (Poem). By Arlo Gump, 18 

Oh, Church of God, Awake! By Leo Lillian Wise 18 

Not for a Day, . . . But for a Lifetime. — Chapter 7. By Florence S. Studebaker, 1 9 
Around the Table, 22 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 11, 1933 

He Prayed 


As Jesus climbed the dusty path to Nazareth, 

Returning from his work at close of day. 

He saw some cripples limping home in pain; 

He saw a blind man stumble in his way; 

He saw a scrubby, ragged, weeping child